CN108094120A - A kind of submerged plant planting mud ball matrix formulations and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of submerged plant planting mud ball matrix formulations and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108094120A
CN108094120A CN201810034947.2A CN201810034947A CN108094120A CN 108094120 A CN108094120 A CN 108094120A CN 201810034947 A CN201810034947 A CN 201810034947A CN 108094120 A CN108094120 A CN 108094120A
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China
Prior art keywords
mud ball
submerged plant
plant
organic fertilizer
clinoptilolite
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Pending
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CN201810034947.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程花
樊采薇
潘辉
李静
张艳晴
闫晖敏
毕雪娟
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Jiangsu Jiangda Ecological Technology Co Ltd
Jiangsu Jiangda Environment Technology Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Jiangda Ecological Technology Co Ltd
Jiangsu Jiangda Environment Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810034947.2A priority Critical patent/CN108094120A/en
Publication of CN108094120A publication Critical patent/CN108094120A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of submerged plant planting mud ball matrix formulations, are formed including following component according to weight percent:Common loess:50 70%;Portland cement:4 10%;High hydroscopic resin:0.1 0.5%;Clinoptilolite:8 20%;Organic fertilizer:10 20%;Polyvinyl alcohol:4 12%;Preparation method comprises the following steps:The first step prepares raw material:Common loess, clinoptilolite, organic fertilizer, polyvinyl alcohol, portland cement, high hydroscopic resin;Second step, mixed raw material and mud ball pack:Plant or brood body plantation, seed plantation.By the above-mentioned means, the mud ball that the present invention is suitable for submerged plant plant, brood body, seed etc. throws kind.A small amount of environment-friendly substrate raw material is added, the intensity and toughness of mud ball can not only be improved, it is made to remain in water after submerged plant roots and stablize, moreover it is possible to provide necessary nutrient for submerged plant growth, submerged plant fast and stable is promoted to grow.

Description

A kind of submerged plant planting mud ball matrix formulations and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to water environment restoration of the ecosystem field, more particularly to a kind of submerged plant planting mud ball matrix formulations and Its preparation method.
Background technology
The final purpose of water environment restoration of the ecosystem is the good ecosystem of structure.Submerged plant is water ecosystem Primary productivity can provide matter and energy for other trophic level biologies, increase the dissolved oxygen in water, absorption by photosynthesis Water nutrition substance, therefore, the recovery of submerged vegetation is the key that ecosystem structure.
The implantation methods of submerged vegetation are to restrict one of an important factor for submerged vegetation recovers.Existing submerged plant planting Method includes artificial cuttage, mud ball throws kind etc..The implantation methods of artificial cuttage are suitable for the water body that the depth of water is no more than 50cm, for The depth of water is more than the water body of 50cm, the method that generally use mud ball throws kind.Traditional mud ball main matrix be common loess, the matrix After the mud ball of making enters water body, easily it is granular, cause firm kind of submerged plant go down again float, submerged plant planting into Motility rate is only 40-50%.
Existing patent CN104944593B discloses a kind of submerged plant planting matrix, solves traditional submerged plant kind Phytyl matter the problem of structure can be easily separated under water, play the role of mechanical support to submerged plant, but it is only applicable to make Direct kind of planting submerged plant of babinet is put into for matrix, and matrix and the contact area of water body are only surface layer, the objects such as rubble, coconut palm chaff The addition of matter can only increase the mechanical strength of matrix, it is impossible to improve the adhesiveness of matrix, therefore not be suitable for small size, big contact The making of the mud ball of area.
Mesh, which closes rarely people, specializes in the mode that submerged plant mud ball throws kind, and more nobody is specifically for the spy of mud ball Sign studies the suitable proportion of mud ball matrix, and the mode that mud ball throws kind is that profundal zone submerged vegetation recovers more important in situ Means, therefore, a kind of mud ball formula for contributing to submerged plant planting have become very urgent demand.
The content of the invention
The invention mainly solves the technical problem of providing a kind of submerged plant planting mud ball matrix formulations and its preparation sides Method throws kind suitable for the mud ball of submerged plant plant, brood body, seed etc., includes but not limited to close tooth eel grass, Honoka fox-brush Algae, black algae, Potamogeton maackianu etc..Add a small amount of environment-friendly substrate raw material, the intensity and toughness of mud ball can not only be improved, make its Remained in water submerged plant root stablize after, moreover it is possible to provide necessary nutrient for submerged plant growth, promotion Submerged plant fast and stable is grown.
In order to solve the above technical problems, one aspect of the present invention is:A kind of submerged plant planting mud is provided Bulb matrix formula is formed including following component according to weight percent:
Common loess:50-70%;
Portland cement:4-10%;
High hydroscopic resin:0.1-0.5%;
Clinoptilolite:8-20%;
Organic fertilizer:10-20%;
Polyvinyl alcohol:4-12%;
The preparation method that submerged plant planting mud ball matrix is prepared using more than component is comprised the following steps:
The first step prepares raw material:
Common loess:Take high-quality planting soil, root system of plant and rubble gravel etc. during removal is native;
Clinoptilolite:Grain size is 60-80 μm;
Organic fertilizer:The organic fertilizer formed with plant residue and feces of livestock and poultry mixed fermentation composting;
Polyvinyl alcohol:80-100 mesh;
Portland cement, high hydroscopic resin;
Second step, mixed raw material and mud ball pack:
(1)Plant or brood body plantation:
Common loess, portland cement, clinoptilolite, organic fertilizer according to predetermined ratio are uniformly mixed, good quality will be calculated High hydroscopic resin adds water to form gelatinous in the ratio of 1-2%, and polyvinyl alcohol adds water to form emulsion state according to the ratio of 5-7%, It pours into uniformly mixed material, blunges uniformly;Stirring extremely can pinch shaping with hand;
Then pinch glomeration with by the material being uniformly mixed, spherical diameter about 6-8cm, by submerged plant plant or brood body bag into It goes, waits to plant;
(2)Seed is planted:
Common loess, portland cement, clinoptilolite, organic fertilizer, vegetable seeds according to predetermined ratio are uniformly mixed, will be calculated The high hydroscopic resin of good quality adds water to form gelatinous in the ratio of 1-2%, and polyvinyl alcohol adds water to be formed according to the ratio of 7-10% Emulsion state is poured into uniformly mixed material, is blunged uniformly;Stirring makes mud ball after shaping can be extremely pinched with hand.
Further, the submerged plant planting mud ball matrix formulations are made of by weight percentage following components:
Common loess:55-65%;
Portland cement:5-8%;
High hydroscopic resin:0.2-0.4%;
Clinoptilolite:10-15%;
Organic fertilizer:11-15%;
Polyvinyl alcohol:5-8%.
Further, the submerged plant planting mud ball matrix formulations are made of by weight percentage following components:
Common loess:60%;
Portland cement:7%;
High hydroscopic resin:0.3%;
Clinoptilolite:12%;
Organic fertilizer:13.7%;
Polyvinyl alcohol:7%.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:It is effective that the present invention provides for the structure of Water-environment Ecological System submerged vegetation Implantation methods, solve matrix single during the plantation of traditional submerged plant mud ball in the easily separated pine of water environment conditions lower structure It dissipates, plant easily floats, survival rate is low, builds the problem of group is slow.This matrix formulations after plant survived in water body and grow stablize after, It can slowly dissolve, not interfere with the normal breeding of submerged plant, and on water quality without influence.Adding by clinoptilolite in this matrix Enter, on the one hand can adsorb the ammonia nitrogen in high density in water body to be repaired, aid in purifying water body, be conducive to aquatic plants growth suction It receives, on the other hand more gap and specific surface area can be provided, ensure the respiration of submerged plant root system or seed.Ben Ji The material added in matter is environment-protecting and non-poisonous, and dosage is few, economic and practical.
Specific embodiment
Presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is described in detail below so that advantages and features of the invention can be easier to by It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that so as to make a clearer definition of the protection scope of the present invention.
The embodiment of the present invention includes:
Embodiment 1
A kind of submerged plant planting mud ball matrix formulations are made of following components according to weight percent:Common loess:60%, silicon Acid salt cement:7%, high hydroscopic resin:0.3%, clinoptilolite:12%, organic fertilizer:13.7%, polyvinyl alcohol:7%.
It is prepared using following methods:The high-quality planting soil 15kg of root system of plant, rubble grit, portland cement will be removed 1.75kg, grain size are 60-80 μm of clinoptilolite 3kg, and plant residue exists with the organic fertilizer 3.425kg that excrement mixing composting forms It is manually or mechanically mixed under dry matter state, the 7.5kg originally water dissolutions of 0.075kg high hydroscopic resins is formed into gel, The polyvinyl alcohol of 1.75kg80-100 mesh is dissolved into gel with 18kg tap water.High hydroscopic resin gel and polyvinyl alcohol are coagulated Glue pours into the dry matter stirred evenly, adds in suitable quantity of water and continues manually or mechanically to mix, and mixes to can pinch into mud ball Shape.
It selects and grows the close tooth eel grass progress mud ball bag kind of strong submerged plant, be bundled into the flat taper mud ball in bottom(It is convenient for Mud ball vertical drop, plant are vertically in water body), each mud ball diameter about 6cm packed 100 close tooth eel grass mud altogether Ball.The mud ball wrapped is thrown into kind to Wuxi tribute arm of lake Ecological Restoration Area and outer lake connected region(Without submerged plant, and stormy waves compared with Greatly), the close tooth eel grass growing state of periodic monitoring and the loose situation of mud ball.The result shows that the close tooth eel grass of initial planting throws without floating During kind 7d, close tooth eel grass upper blade starts to decay, and root grows fresh green blade;When throwing kind 20d, submerged plant rhizome is long Go out mud ball, start to expand numerous growth to water body substrate.When throwing kind 30d, mud ball starts loosely, and close tooth eel grass has taken root at this time;It throws During kind 37d, mud ball is completely loose, and close tooth eel grass has also completed growth and stablized, and starts plant division, grows new close tooth hardship Careless plant.The survival rate > 87% of close tooth eel grass plant.
Embodiment 2
A kind of submerged plant planting mud ball matrix formulations are made of following components according to weight percent:Common loess:60%, silicon Acid salt cement:7%, high hydroscopic resin:0.3%, clinoptilolite:12%, organic fertilizer:13.7%, polyvinyl alcohol:7%.
In addition, the close tooth eel grass seed of 8% loess quality is weighed.
It is prepared using following methods:The high-quality planting soil 15kg of root system of plant, rubble grit, portland cement will be removed 1.75kg, grain size are 60-80 μm of clinoptilolite 3kg, organic fertilizer 3.425kg that plant residue and excrement mixing composting form and Close tooth eel grass seed 1.2kg is manually or mechanically mixed under dry matter state, by 0.075kg high hydroscopic resins 7.5kg Originally water dissolution forms gel, and the polyvinyl alcohol of 1.75kg80-100 mesh is dissolved into gel with 18kg tap water.By high water absorption Resin gel and polyvinyl alcohol gel pour into the dry matter stirred evenly, add in suitable quantity of water and continue manually or mechanically to mix It closes, mixes to mud ball shape can be pinched into.Mixture is directly pinched to glomeration or pie, spherical or pie bulb 100 is made, is thrown It plants to Wuxi tribute arm of lake Ecological Restoration Area and outer lake connected region(Without submerged plant, and stormy waves is larger), routine observation seed hair Bud growing state and the loose situation of mud ball.The result shows that when throwing kind 7d, seed starts to germinate, and has white around mud ball or mud cake Tender shoots is emerged;When throwing kind of 18d, seed has grown blade, visible green seedling on mud ball or mud cake;When throwing kind of 28d, mud ball or The seedling of height 5cm or so is overgrowed on mud cake, forms careless ball or glutinous rice balls;When throwing kind 32d, mud ball starts loosely, close tooth eel grass It has taken root into water environment.When throwing kind 40d, mud ball is completely loose, and close tooth eel grass has grown normally.Percentage of seedgermination > 80%, after germination, its floatability < 5% of seedling, survival rate > 85%.
Embodiment 3
A kind of submerged plant planting mud ball matrix formulations are made of following components according to weight percent:Common loess:57%, silicon Acid salt cement:8%, high hydroscopic resin:0.3%, clinoptilolite:13%, organic fertilizer:15%, polyvinyl alcohol:6.7%.
It is prepared using following methods:The high-quality planting soil 14.25kg of root system of plant, rubble grit, silicate cement will be removed Mud 2kg, grain size are 60-80 μm of clinoptilolite 3.25kg, the organic fertilizer 3.75kg that plant residue is formed with excrement mixing composting It is manually or mechanically mixed, 0.075kg high hydroscopic resins is formed with 7.5kg originally water dissolutions solidifying under dry matter state The polyvinyl alcohol of 1.675kg80-100 mesh is dissolved into gel by glue with 20kg tap water.By high hydroscopic resin gel and polyethylene Alcogel pours into the dry matter stirred evenly, adds in suitable quantity of water and continues manually or mechanically to mix, and mixes to can pinch into Mud ball shape.
By the brood body subterranean stem bag of close tooth eel grass in mud ball, each mud ball about wraps 3-5 brood body, and mud ball diameter is big Small about 7cm packs about 100 mud balls.The mud ball wrapped is thrown into kind to Wuxi tribute arm of lake Ecological Restoration Area and outer lake connected region (Without submerged plant, and stormy waves is larger), the close tooth eel grass growing state of periodic monitoring and the loose situation of mud ball.The result shows that mud ball When throwing kind 7d, subterranean stem starts to germinate, and mud ball surface has tender shoots to emerge;When planting 18d, the plant for having about 4-5cm grows up to;Plantation During 25d, plant that subterranean stem is grown, which starts to take root, grows mud ball, penetrates in water environment matrix.When planting 35d, mud ball starts pine It dissipates, plant plant takes root stabilization substantially at this time.When planting 45d, mud ball is completely loose, and subterranean stem all take root by breeding, survives Rate > 82%.
The foregoing is merely the embodiment of the present invention, are not intended to limit the scope of the invention, every to utilize this hair The equivalent structure or equivalent flow shift that bright description is made directly or indirectly is used in other relevant technology necks Domain is included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

  1. A kind of 1. submerged plant planting mud ball matrix formulations and preparation method thereof, which is characterized in that submerged plant planting mud ball base Matter formula is formed including following component according to weight percent:
    Common loess:50-70%;
    Portland cement:4-10%;
    High hydroscopic resin:0.1-0.5%;
    Clinoptilolite:8-20%;
    Organic fertilizer:10-20%;
    Polyvinyl alcohol:4-12%;
    The preparation method that submerged plant planting mud ball matrix is prepared using more than component is comprised the following steps:
    The first step prepares raw material:
    Common loess:Take high-quality planting soil, root system of plant and rubble gravel etc. during removal is native;
    Clinoptilolite:Grain size is 60-80 μm;
    Organic fertilizer:The organic fertilizer formed with plant residue and feces of livestock and poultry mixed fermentation composting;
    Polyvinyl alcohol:80-100 mesh;
    Portland cement, high hydroscopic resin;
    Second step, mixed raw material and mud ball pack:
    (1)Plant or brood body plantation:
    Common loess, portland cement, clinoptilolite, organic fertilizer according to predetermined ratio are uniformly mixed, good quality will be calculated High hydroscopic resin adds water to form gelatinous in the ratio of 1-2%, and polyvinyl alcohol adds water to form emulsion state according to the ratio of 5-7%, It pours into uniformly mixed material, blunges uniformly;Stirring extremely can pinch shaping with hand;
    Then pinch glomeration with by the material being uniformly mixed, spherical diameter about 6-8cm, by submerged plant plant or brood body bag into It goes, waits to plant;
    (2)Seed is planted:
    Common loess, portland cement, clinoptilolite, organic fertilizer, vegetable seeds according to predetermined ratio are uniformly mixed, will be calculated The high hydroscopic resin of good quality adds water to form gelatinous in the ratio of 1-2%, and polyvinyl alcohol adds water to be formed according to the ratio of 7-10% Emulsion state is poured into uniformly mixed material, is blunged uniformly;Stirring makes mud ball after shaping can be extremely pinched with hand.
  2. 2. a kind of submerged plant planting mud ball matrix formulations according to claim 1 and preparation method thereof, which is characterized in that The submerged plant planting mud ball matrix formulations are made of by weight percentage following components:
    Common loess:55-65%;
    Portland cement:5-8%;
    High hydroscopic resin:0.2-0.4%;
    Clinoptilolite:10-15%;
    Organic fertilizer:11-15%;
    Polyvinyl alcohol:5-8%.
  3. 3. a kind of submerged plant planting mud ball matrix formulations according to claim 2 and preparation method thereof, which is characterized in that The submerged plant planting mud ball matrix formulations are made of by weight percentage following components:
    Common loess:60%;
    Portland cement:7%;
    High hydroscopic resin:0.3%;
    Clinoptilolite:12%;
    Organic fertilizer:13.7%;
    Polyvinyl alcohol:7%.
CN201810034947.2A 2018-01-15 2018-01-15 A kind of submerged plant planting mud ball matrix formulations and preparation method thereof Pending CN108094120A (en)

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CN108675877A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-10-19 江苏嘉泽环境发展有限公司 Eel grass root-growing agent, preparation method and its method of administration
CN109315264A (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-02-12 江苏江达生态科技有限公司 A kind of formula and preparation method of submerged plant planting mud ball matrix
CN110199850A (en) * 2019-05-20 2019-09-06 合肥济坤环保科技有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of submerged plant
CN110651671A (en) * 2019-09-03 2020-01-07 江苏江达生态科技有限公司 Submerged plant mud ball seed wrapping method based on submerged plant planting mud ball matrix
CN111066412A (en) * 2020-01-07 2020-04-28 大湖水环境治理股份有限公司 Aquatic plant seed particles, production method and granulation equipment

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108675877A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-10-19 江苏嘉泽环境发展有限公司 Eel grass root-growing agent, preparation method and its method of administration
CN109315264A (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-02-12 江苏江达生态科技有限公司 A kind of formula and preparation method of submerged plant planting mud ball matrix
CN110199850A (en) * 2019-05-20 2019-09-06 合肥济坤环保科技有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of submerged plant
CN110651671A (en) * 2019-09-03 2020-01-07 江苏江达生态科技有限公司 Submerged plant mud ball seed wrapping method based on submerged plant planting mud ball matrix
CN111066412A (en) * 2020-01-07 2020-04-28 大湖水环境治理股份有限公司 Aquatic plant seed particles, production method and granulation equipment

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Application publication date: 20180601