CN108093896B - Fully-crushed straw crushing device - Google Patents

Fully-crushed straw crushing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108093896B
CN108093896B CN201711345704.2A CN201711345704A CN108093896B CN 108093896 B CN108093896 B CN 108093896B CN 201711345704 A CN201711345704 A CN 201711345704A CN 108093896 B CN108093896 B CN 108093896B
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China
Prior art keywords
crushing
box
driving
extrusion
straw
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CN201711345704.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108093896A (en
Inventor
齐英
臧延生
李淑恒
张秀芝
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Li Fang
Liang Aigong
Miao Yanxiang
Zhu Nianwei
Original Assignee
Liang Aigong
Miao Yanxiang
Zhu Nianwei
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Application filed by Liang Aigong, Miao Yanxiang, Zhu Nianwei filed Critical Liang Aigong
Priority to CN201711345704.2A priority Critical patent/CN108093896B/en
Publication of CN108093896A publication Critical patent/CN108093896A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/02Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like having rotating knives with their cutting edges in a plane perpendicular to their rotational axis
    • A01F29/025Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like having rotating knives with their cutting edges in a plane perpendicular to their rotational axis with feeding direction parallel to axis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details

Abstract

The invention discloses a straw smashing device capable of fully smashing straws, which comprises a box body and a driving motor, wherein the box body is provided with a plurality of through holes; the top of the box body is connected with feed hoppers which are symmetrical left and right; the box body is positioned below the feed hopper and is provided with an extrusion device; a cutting knife is arranged below the extrusion device, and a fixing plate is arranged below the cutting knife; the driving shaft is positioned below the fixed plate and is fixedly connected with crushing cutters which are distributed at equal intervals; and a sieve plate is arranged below the crushing knife. The straw crushing device is provided with the extrusion roller and the cutting knife which are linked with the driving shaft, so that the straw before crushing is extruded and cut, the subsequent crushing is facilitated, and the crushing efficiency is improved; the invention is provided with the fixed plate and the scraper plate with the blanking holes, thereby realizing intermittent blanking and improving the crushing effect; the straw crushing device is provided with the sieve plate driven by the cam, and straws which are not completely crushed are lifted and extruded, so that the straws are fully contacted with the crushing knife, and the crushing effect is improved.

Description

Fully-crushed straw crushing device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of feed processing, in particular to a straw crushing device capable of fully crushing straws.
Background
The straw is a general term of stem leaf (ear) part of mature crops. Typically refers to the remainder of the wheat, rice, corn, potatoes, oilseed rape, cotton, sugar cane and other crops (typically roughages) after harvesting the seed. More than half of the products of crop photosynthesis exist in the straws, and the straws are rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, organic matters and the like, are multipurpose renewable biological resources, and are also coarse feed. It features high coarse fibre content (30-40%), and lignin content. Although the lignocellulose cannot be utilized by pigs and chickens, the lignocellulose can be absorbed and utilized by livestock such as ruminants, cattle and sheep.
Need use reducing mechanism in straw course of working, traditional reducing mechanism simple structure smashes the straw through smashing the roller, and at crushing in-process, the pole stem of straw twines easily and smashes the roller, and crushing effect is not good, smashes inefficiency, and inside reducing mechanism, the straw is comparatively fluffy in addition, leads to smashing the sword and does not have the impetus, causes the straw to smash thoroughly, and crushing effect remains to be improved.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a straw smashing device capable of smashing straws fully, and aims to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a straw crushing device capable of fully crushing straws comprises a box body and a driving motor; the top of the box body is connected with feed hoppers which are symmetrical left and right; an extrusion device is arranged below the feed hopper of the box body, the extrusion device is provided with driven extrusion rollers which are symmetrical in front and back, and a driving extrusion roller is arranged between the driven extrusion rollers; the inner side of the driving extrusion roller is fixedly connected with a vertical bevel gear, the vertical bevel gear is meshed with a horizontal bevel gear, the horizontal bevel gear is fixedly connected with a driving shaft, and the driving shaft extends to the lower part of the box body and is connected with a driving motor; a cutting knife is arranged below the extrusion device, a fixing plate is arranged below the cutting knife, and a blanking hole is formed in one side of the fixing plate; a scraper is arranged above the fixed plate; the driving shaft is positioned below the fixed plate and is fixedly connected with crushing cutters which are distributed at equal intervals; a sieve plate is arranged below the crushing knife, moving blocks are fixedly connected to two sides of the sieve plate, and a vertical sliding groove matched with the moving blocks is formed in the inner wall of the box body; a cam is arranged below the sieve plate and fixedly connected with a driven shaft; the driven shaft is connected with the driving shaft through the transmission bevel gear set.
As a further scheme of the invention: the driven squeeze roll and the driving squeeze roll are connected through a transmission gear, and the driven squeeze roll and the driving squeeze roll are rotationally connected with the inner wall of the box body.
As a further scheme of the invention: the driving motor is fixedly connected with the supporting seat through a bolt.
As a further scheme of the invention: the cutting knife is fixedly connected with the driving shaft.
As a further scheme of the invention: the scraper blade is the arc, scraper blade and drive shaft fixed connection.
As a further scheme of the invention: the moving block is nested in the vertical sliding groove and is in sliding connection with the vertical sliding groove.
As a further scheme of the invention: the driven shaft is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the box body.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the straw crushing device is provided with the extrusion roller and the cutting knife which are linked with the driving shaft, so that the straw before crushing is extruded and cut, the subsequent crushing is facilitated, and the crushing efficiency is improved; the invention is provided with the fixed plate and the scraper plate with the blanking holes, thereby realizing intermittent blanking and improving the crushing effect; the straw crushing device is provided with the sieve plate driven by the cam, and straws which are not completely crushed are lifted and extruded, so that the straws are fully contacted with the crushing knife, and the crushing effect is improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a straw crushing apparatus for fully crushing straw;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of an extrusion apparatus in the fully comminuted straw comminution apparatus;
FIG. 3 is a top view of a fixing plate in the straw crushing apparatus for fully crushing straw;
FIG. 4 is a top view of the scrapers in the straw crushing device with full crushing.
In the figure: 1-a box body; 2-a feed hopper; 3-an extrusion device; 31-driven squeeze rolls; 32-a positive squeeze roll; 33-a drive gear set; 34-vertical bevel gear; 35-horizontal bevel gear; 4-a cutting blade; 5, fixing a plate; 51-blanking holes; 52-a scraper; 6-crushing cutter; 7-a drive shaft; 8-sieve plate; 81-a moving block; 82-vertical chute; 83-cam; 84-a driven shaft; 85-drive bevel gear; 9-a discharge pipe; 10-a drive motor; 11-support seat.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, in the embodiment of the present invention, a straw crushing device for sufficiently crushing straw includes a box body 1 and a driving motor 10; the top of the box body 1 is connected with feed hoppers 2 which are symmetrical left and right, so that the feeding speed is improved; an extrusion device 3 is arranged below the feed hopper 2 of the box body 1, the extrusion device 3 is provided with driven extrusion rollers 31 which are symmetrical in front and back, and a driving extrusion roller 32 is arranged between the driven extrusion rollers 31; the driven squeeze roll 31 and the driving squeeze roll 32 are connected through a transmission gear 33, and the driven squeeze roll 31 and the driving squeeze roll 32 are rotationally connected with the inner wall of the box body 1; the inner side of the driving squeeze roller 32 is fixedly connected with a vertical bevel gear 34, the vertical bevel gear 34 is meshed with a horizontal bevel gear 35, the horizontal bevel gear 35 is fixedly connected with a driving shaft 7, the driving shaft 7 extends to the lower part of the box body 1 and is connected with a driving motor 10, the driving motor 10 is fixedly connected with the supporting seat 11 through a bolt, the driving motor 10 is electrically connected with an external power supply, the driving shaft 7 drives the vertical bevel gear 34 to rotate through the horizontal bevel gear 35, the vertical bevel gear 34 drives the driving squeeze roller 32 to rotate, the driving squeeze roller 32 drives the driven squeeze roller 31 to rotate through the transmission gear 33, straws are squeezed, and the internal structure of the; a cutting knife 4 is arranged below the extrusion device 3, and the cutting knife 4 is fixedly connected with a driving shaft 7 to cut straws; a fixing plate 5 is arranged below the cutting knife 4, and a blanking hole 51 is formed in one side of the fixing plate 5; a scraping plate 52 is arranged above the fixed plate 5, the scraping plate 52 is arc-shaped, the scraping plate 52 is fixedly connected with the driving shaft 7, and the scraping plate 52 pushes the straws to fall from the blanking hole 51; the driving shaft 7 is fixedly connected with crushing knives 6 which are distributed at equal intervals below the fixing plate 5, and the crushing knives 6 crush the straws; a sieve plate 8 is arranged below the crushing knife 6, moving blocks 81 are fixedly connected to two sides of the sieve plate 8, a vertical sliding groove 82 matched with the moving blocks 81 is formed in the inner wall of the box body 1, and the moving blocks 81 are embedded in the vertical sliding groove 82 and are in sliding connection with the vertical sliding groove 82; a cam 83 is arranged below the sieve plate 8, the cam 83 is fixedly connected with a driven shaft 84, and the driven shaft 84 is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the box body 1; the driven shaft 84 is connected with the driving shaft 7 through the transmission bevel gear set 85, the driving shaft 7 drives the driven shaft 84 to rotate through the transmission bevel gear set 85, the driven shaft 84 drives the cam 83 to rotate, the cam 83 drives the sieve plate 8 to move up and down, and then straw which is not completely crushed is fully contacted with the crushing cutter 6, so that the straw can be crushed more thoroughly.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (7)

1. A straw crushing device capable of fully crushing straws comprises a box body (1) and a driving motor (10); the device is characterized in that the top of the box body (1) is connected with feed hoppers (2) which are symmetrical left and right; an extrusion device (3) is arranged below the feed hopper (2) of the box body (1), the extrusion device (3) is provided with driven extrusion rollers (31) which are symmetrical in front and back, and a driving extrusion roller (32) is arranged between the driven extrusion rollers (31); the inner side of the driving squeezing roller (32) is fixedly connected with a vertical bevel gear (34), the vertical bevel gear (34) is meshed with a horizontal bevel gear (35), the horizontal bevel gear (35) is fixedly connected with a driving shaft (7), and the driving shaft (7) extends to the lower part of the box body (1) and is connected with a driving motor (10); a cutting knife (4) is arranged below the extrusion device (3), a fixing plate (5) is arranged below the cutting knife (4), and a blanking hole (51) is formed in one side of the fixing plate (5); a scraper (52) is arranged above the fixed plate (5); the driving shaft (7) is positioned below the fixed plate (5) and is fixedly connected with crushing knives (6) which are distributed at equal intervals; a sieve plate (8) is arranged below the crushing knife (6), moving blocks (81) are fixedly connected to two sides of the sieve plate (8), and a vertical sliding groove (82) matched with the moving blocks (81) is formed in the inner wall of the box body (1); a cam (83) is arranged below the sieve plate (8), and the cam (83) is fixedly connected with a driven shaft (84); the driven shaft (84) is connected with the driving shaft (7) through a transmission bevel gear set (85).
2. The straw crushing device for full crushing as claimed in claim 1, wherein the driven squeeze roll (31) and the driving squeeze roll (32) are connected through a transmission gear (33), and the driven squeeze roll (31) and the driving squeeze roll (32) are rotatably connected with the inner wall of the box body (1).
3. The straw crushing device for full crushing as claimed in claim 1, wherein the driving motor (10) is fixedly connected with the supporting seat (11) through bolts.
4. A substantially crushed straw crushing device as defined in claim 1, wherein the cutting knife (4) is fixedly connected with the driving shaft (7).
5. A substantially crushed straw crushing apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the scrapers (52) are arc-shaped, and the scrapers (52) are fixedly connected with the driving shaft (7).
6. The straw crushing device for full crushing as claimed in claim 1, wherein the moving block (81) is nested in the vertical sliding groove (82) and is connected with the vertical sliding groove (82) in a sliding manner.
7. A substantially crushed straw crushing device as defined in claim 1, wherein the driven shaft (84) is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the box body (1).
CN201711345704.2A 2017-12-15 2017-12-15 Fully-crushed straw crushing device Active CN108093896B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711345704.2A CN108093896B (en) 2017-12-15 2017-12-15 Fully-crushed straw crushing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711345704.2A CN108093896B (en) 2017-12-15 2017-12-15 Fully-crushed straw crushing device

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CN108093896A CN108093896A (en) 2018-06-01
CN108093896B true CN108093896B (en) 2021-01-01

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Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111282643B (en) * 2018-06-12 2020-11-13 浙江丰瑜生态科技股份有限公司 A breaker for straw recycle
CN108781795A (en) * 2018-06-19 2018-11-13 盐城市顺天铸造有限公司 A kind of agricultural straw recycling crushing pressurizing unit
CN108855340B (en) * 2018-06-21 2020-11-10 山东国晟环境科技有限公司 Pretreatment device before solid garbage transportation
CN109041830A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-12-21 宁夏爱打听科技有限公司 A kind of efficient herbage cutter device of reciprocating-squeezing type and its application method
CN109156183B (en) * 2018-09-15 2019-12-13 南通尔康生物有机肥有限公司 Raw material preparation machine for preparing biomass organic fertilizer from straws
CN111068854B (en) * 2019-12-31 2021-02-26 杭州振铭实业有限公司 Corrugated container board's cutting breaker
CN111480460A (en) * 2020-04-21 2020-08-04 王小珍 Straw screening installation

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3929349A1 (en) * 1989-09-04 1991-03-21 Johann Stemplinger Mowing maize and cutting stalks into chaff - by machine which operates in single action using drums with swivelling claws and endless belt feed
CN204707528U (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-10-21 顾志情 A kind of efficient straw cracker
CN205320642U (en) * 2015-12-26 2016-06-22 重庆坤淇建材有限公司 Absorb straw rubbing crusher of crushed aggregates
CN106717675A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 绵阳易简环保科技有限公司 Integrated form straw millstone
CN106912267A (en) * 2015-12-26 2017-07-04 重庆坤淇建材有限公司 A kind of stalk crasher for compressing particle

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3929349A1 (en) * 1989-09-04 1991-03-21 Johann Stemplinger Mowing maize and cutting stalks into chaff - by machine which operates in single action using drums with swivelling claws and endless belt feed
CN204707528U (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-10-21 顾志情 A kind of efficient straw cracker
CN205320642U (en) * 2015-12-26 2016-06-22 重庆坤淇建材有限公司 Absorb straw rubbing crusher of crushed aggregates
CN106912267A (en) * 2015-12-26 2017-07-04 重庆坤淇建材有限公司 A kind of stalk crasher for compressing particle
CN106717675A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 绵阳易简环保科技有限公司 Integrated form straw millstone

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Inventor after: Qi Ying

Inventor after: Zang Yansheng

Inventor after: Li Shuheng

Inventor after: Zhang Xiuzhi

Inventor before: Zhang Xiuzhi

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Effective date of registration: 20201207

Address after: 455000 No.19, Minhang Road, Beiguan District, Anyang City, Henan Province

Applicant after: Qi Ying

Applicant after: Zang Yansheng

Applicant after: Li Shuheng

Applicant after: Feng Xiuli

Applicant after: Li Fang

Applicant after: Miao Yanxiang

Applicant after: Liang Aigong

Applicant after: Zhu Nianwei

Address before: Ruida road 450000 high tech Industrial Development Zone, Henan city of Zhengzhou province No. 96 Business Center No. 1 building C260 room

Applicant before: ZHENGZHOU SOUQU INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

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