CN108086270B - A kind of water conservancy lake water hyacinth harvesting ship - Google Patents

A kind of water conservancy lake water hyacinth harvesting ship Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108086270B
CN108086270B CN201711212606.1A CN201711212606A CN108086270B CN 108086270 B CN108086270 B CN 108086270B CN 201711212606 A CN201711212606 A CN 201711212606A CN 108086270 B CN108086270 B CN 108086270B
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
shaft
welding
hull
gear
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CN201711212606.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108086270A (en
Inventor
孙伟平
张红
卢政
赖观音
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Chuangzhi Huijing Intellectual Property Operations (Suzhou) Co., Ltd. Wuzhong Economic Development Division Company
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Chuangzhi Huijing Intellectual Property Operations (suzhou) Co Ltd Wuzhong Economic Development Division Co
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Priority to CN201711212606.1A priority Critical patent/CN108086270B/en
Publication of CN108086270A publication Critical patent/CN108086270A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • E02B15/104Conveyors; Paddle wheels; Endless belts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/32Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for for collecting pollution from open water

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of water conservancy equipment more particularly to a kind of water conservancy lake water hyacinth harvesting ships.The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide collect automatically to water hyacinth salvaging can reduce artificial working strength, a kind of automatic water conservancy lake water hyacinth harvesting ship salvaged collection and can reduce the risk of water surface operation.In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention provides such a water conservancy lake water hyacinth harvesting ships, include hull, guide plate, mounting blocks, first rotating shaft, placement plate, block, mounting plate, filter plate, L shape bar, Electric Motor Wheel, the second shaft, sector gear etc.;Top is provided with through-hole at left and right sides of hull, and through-hole is located at hull waterline or more.Invention achieves collect automatically to water hyacinth salvaging can reduce artificial working strength, the automatic effect salvaged collection and can reduce the risk of water surface operation.

Description

A kind of water conservancy lake water hyacinth harvesting ship
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of water conservancy equipment more particularly to a kind of water conservancy lake water hyacinth harvesting ships.
Background technique
Harm of the water hyacinth for lake: block navigation channel, influence shipping and excretion, become agricultural, water conservancy, environmental protection it is No.1 Enemy.The flowing of water body is limited, water body does not have sunlight irradiation, becomes smelly, reduces the dissolved oxygen amount in water body, it is suppressed that floating The growth for swimming biology, destroys the natural ecosystem of rivers environment.Breeding ground is provided for the germs such as blood fluke and encephalitis influenza, breeds mosquito Fly provides the chance of breathing and breeding for the larva of mosquito.Destroy drinking-water resource.Due to resulting in blockage, water body cannot be free Flowing, other microelements of various pollution sources such as heavy metal element and its harm to the human body not can effectively clear, people directly or The water source for having pollution is received indirectly.The Water hyacinth covering water surface also increases the evaporation capacity of water, and the evaporation capacity than the unlimited water surface is high 8-10 times out, water source is caused to lose.Influence to the fresh water water quality of water source water sampling point.The a large amount of Water hyacinth covering water surface can make water PH value reduce;CO2 concentration increases;Water smell value concentration, coloration increases;Acidity in water also increases, and makes the use of water resource Value substantially reduces, until cannot drink.The outburst of Water hyacinth and its stage of rotting can consume in water body in large quantities simultaneously Dissolved oxygen, underwater animal such as fish movement breeding space will be reduced, or even can fish mortality.
At present when carrying out harvesting collection to the water hyacinth on lake, most of is all to use manually to steer a ship in the water surface On salvaged and collected, but have the drawback that working strength is very big in this way, and there are certain danger in water surface operation It is dangerous.
Therefore need to research and develop a kind of pair of water hyacinth carry out it is automatic collect to salvage can reduce artificial working strength, beat automatically The water conservancy that the risk that can reduce water surface operation is collected in fishing is overcome at present with lake water hyacinth harvesting ship on lake Water hyacinth salvage exist when collection salvage collect during, water surface operation tool big using artificial salvage intensity Dangerous disadvantage.
Summary of the invention
(1) technical problems to be solved
The present invention exists when the water hyacinth on lake salvage and collected at present in order to overcome salvages collection process The middle big, water surface operation using artificial salvage intensity has the shortcomings that risk, and the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to mention For to the automatic collection salvaging of water hyacinth progress can reduce artificial working strength, automatic salvaging collects and can reduce water surface operation Risk a kind of water conservancy lake water hyacinth harvesting ship.
(2) technical solution
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problems, the present invention provides such a water conservancy lake water hyacinth harvesting ship, It include hull, guide plate, mounting blocks, first rotating shaft, placement plate, block, mounting plate, filter plate, L shape bar, Electric Motor Wheel, second turn Axis, sector gear, third shaft, first gear, the first reel and the first bracing wire, hull left and right sides top are provided with through-hole, Through-hole is located at hull waterline or more, and middle part is equipped with guide plate by welding at left and right sides of hull, on the downside of guide plate in Side is equipped with mounting blocks by welding, and first rotating shaft, connection on front side of first rotating shaft are rotatably connected on front side of mounting blocks There is placement plate, placement plate is located at hull underwater in parastate, and inside is installed by welding on the upside of placement plate There is block, filter plate is installed by welding on rear side of hull, is contacted on rear side of placement plate with filter plate, middle side part passes through on hull The mode of welding is equipped with mounting plate, is equipped with L shape bar, L shape bar left side on front side of mounting plate on the upside of right by welding Be connected with Electric Motor Wheel, the second shaft be connected in the middle part of Electric Motor Wheel, be connected with sector gear on rear side of the second shaft, on front side of mounting plate on The rotary connection in the side left and right sides there are two third shaft, on rear side of third shaft on be connected with first gear, on front side of third shaft It is connected with the first reel, is wound with the first bracing wire above each first reel, the first bracing wire is connected to outside corresponding placement plate Side.
It preferably, further include having linkage cutter device, linkage cutter device includes the 4th shaft, cam, runner, transmission Article, guide sleeve, guide rail, the first spring, contact plate, rack gear, the 5th shaft, second gear, mobile bar and slice are set on front side of placement plate There is a linkage cutter device, rotating middle part formula is connected with the 4th shaft on front side of mounting plate, it is connected with cam in the 4th shaft, the 4th turn Axis and the second shaft front end are connected with runner, transmission item are connected between runner, the lower section left and right sides passes through weldering on front side of mounting plate The mode connect is equipped with guide sleeve, and the guide sleeve of downside is located at the lower left of the guide sleeve of upside, and guide sleeve inner sliding type is connected with guide rail, on First spring is installed by welding, the first spring left end is connected to upside by welding on the right side of the guide rail of side Guide sleeve right, the guide rail left end of upside is equipped with contact plate, contact plate and cam contact by welding, and two are led Rack gear is connected on the inside of rail, lower section rotating middle part formula is connected with the 5th shaft on front side of mounting plate, is connected with second in the 5th shaft Gear, second gear are engaged with rack, and are equipped with mobile bar by welding on the outside of two side rails, mobile bar lower end passes through The mode of welding is equipped with slice.
Preferably, further include having skewback, be connected with skewback on the right side of block.
Preferably, further include having promotion collection device, collection device is pushed to include sliding rail, sliding block, second spring, push away Block, waterproof cloth, support base, electronic reel and the second bracing wire, placement plate, which is equipped with, pushes collection device, passes through spiral shell in placement plate It tethers the mode connect and sliding rail is installed, sliding rail inner sliding type is connected with sliding block, is equipped with and pushes away by welding on the upside of sliding block Block, inner side of slider are equipped with second spring by welding, and the second spring other end is mounted on cunning by welding On rail inner sidewall, side-lower is connected with waterproof cloth in pushing block, and the waterproof cloth other end is connected on skewback, and waterproof cloth covers sliding rail, The left and right sides is symmetrically installed with electronic reel on hull, is wound with the second bracing wire, the second bracing wire other end on the downside of electronic reel It is connected on pushing block.
It preferably, further include having switch, guide plate upper right side is connected with switch.
Working principle: when user needs to salvage the water hyacinth of floating on water, which can be placed on by user On the water surface, then start Electric Motor Wheel, rotate clockwise Electric Motor Wheel, make Electric Motor Wheel drive sector gear rotate to not with the first tooth The state of engagement is taken turns, two sides placement plate will be rotated by gravity rotating around first rotating shaft at this time, and rotate to placement plate in water, and First bracing wire will also pull out on the first reel, and user can start the ship at this time, filter the water hyacinth floated on the water surface Plate blocks, at this point, sector gear drives right side first gear rotation when sector gear is rotated to and engaged again with first gear Turn, to drive the first reel of right side to rotate counterclockwise, so that wraparound is carried out to the first bracing wire of right side, so that right side be driven to put It sets plate to rotate counterclockwise around right side first rotating shaft, is moved so that the water hyacinth on front side of filter plate be made to be placed strip, disengage it from the water surface, When right side block contacts right side guide plate, the water hyacinth in placement plate will be fallen from placement plate and guide plate by right side through-hole To hull interior, and when sector gear drives right side first gear rotation simultaneously, right side first gear will drive left side the One gear rotates clockwise, to make the first bracing wire on the left of the first reel wraparound of left side, to drive the placement plate in left side will Water hyacinth on front side of filter plate drives into hull, and intermittent engage with first gear of sector gear will make placement plate intermittent Salvaging is collected to the water hyacinth on front side of filter plate.
Because further including having linkage cutter device, linkage cutter device include the 4th shaft, cam, runner, transmission article, Guide sleeve, guide rail, the first spring, contact plate, rack gear, the 5th shaft, second gear, mobile bar and slice, placement plate front side are equipped with Link cutter device, and rotating middle part formula is connected with the 4th shaft on front side of mounting plate, and cam, the 4th shaft are connected in the 4th shaft It is connected with runner with the second shaft front end, transmission item is connected between runner, the lower section left and right sides passes through welding on front side of mounting plate Mode guide sleeve is installed, the guide sleeve of downside is located at the lower left of the guide sleeve of upside, and guide sleeve inner sliding type is connected with guide rail, upside Guide rail on the right side of the first spring is installed by welding, the first spring left end is connected to upside by welding The right of guide sleeve, the guide rail left end of upside are equipped with contact plate, contact plate and cam contact, two guide rails by welding Inside is connected with rack gear, and lower section rotating middle part formula is connected with the 5th shaft on front side of mounting plate, is connected with the second tooth in the 5th shaft Wheel, second gear are engaged with rack, and are equipped with mobile bar by welding on the outside of two side rails, mobile bar lower end passes through weldering The mode connect is equipped with slice, and when user needs to cut to gather in the water hyacinth on front side of placement plate, user can be with Electric Motor Wheel is opened, Electric Motor Wheel drives upside runner to rotate clockwise, and runner rotation in upside drives downside runner suitable by transmission item Hour hands rotation, the 4th shaft of downside driven by rotating wheel rotate clockwise, and the 4th shaft rotation band moving cam rotates clockwise, and work as cam Rotate to when being contacted with contact plate, contact plate will be pushed to the left, contact plate drive the guide rail of upside in the guide sleeve of upside to It moves left, so that right side mobile bar and slice be driven to be moved to the left, to be gathered in the water hyacinth on the right side of hull, at this time will The first spring is compressed, the guide rail of upside will move in second gear with carry-over bar, so that second gear is driven to rotate counterclockwise, Second gear rotates counterclockwise will drive downside rack gear and guide rail to move right, so that left side mobile bar and slice be driven to move right Dynamic, to gather in the water hyacinth on the left of hull, when cam, which is rotated to, not to be contacted with contact plate, the first spring will Restore from compressive state, the guide rail of upside is pushed to move right, so that right side slice be driven to move right, also left side will be driven to cut Piece is moved to the left.
Because further including having skewback, it is connected with skewback on the right side of block, when placement plate rotation falls on water hyacinth in hull When, skewback can allow water hyacinth that can smoothly pass through placement plate and wire guide plate, will not cause to deposit in placement plate again.
Because further including having promotion collection device, collection device is pushed to include sliding rail, sliding block, second spring, pushing block, prevent Water cloth, support base, electronic reel and the second bracing wire, placement plate, which is equipped with, pushes collection device, is connected in placement plate by bolt The mode connect is equipped with sliding rail, and sliding rail inner sliding type is connected with sliding block, is equipped with pushing block by welding on the upside of sliding block, sliding Second spring is installed by welding, the second spring other end is mounted on by welding on the inside of sliding rail on the inside of block On wall, side-lower is connected with waterproof cloth in pushing block, and the waterproof cloth other end is connected on skewback, and waterproof cloth covers sliding rail, on hull The left and right sides is symmetrically installed with electronic reel, is wound with the second bracing wire on the downside of electronic reel, the second bracing wire other end is connected to On pushing block, when placement plate rotation, placement plate makes the waterproof cloth above it collect water hyacinth, when user needs to waterproof cloth On water hyacinth when quickly shifting onto hull, user can open when placement plate rotates to, block is contacted with guide plate Move electronic reel, electronic reel will recycle the second bracing wire, the second bracing wire will drive pushing block by sliding block in sliding rail to the left It moves and is moved to the left, second spring will be compressed at this time, to make pushing block that the water hyacinth on waterproof cloth be pushed to be moved to the left, make water Cucurbit can be shifted onto hull, and when placement plate rotates back to original position, and user needs to close electronic reel, and at this time Two springs will restore from compressive state, and sliding block and pushing block is pushed to move right, so that the second bracing wire be made to release.
Because further including having switch, guide plate upper right side is connected with switch, when user needs to automatically control electronic reel When, when upward rotation, when block touches switch, switch will be triggered placement plate, control electronic reel rotation The second bracing wire is withdrawn, when block is not with switch contact, switch is disconnected, and has shut off the power supply of electronic reel.
(3) beneficial effect
Invention achieves carrying out to water hyacinth, automatic collection salvaging can reduce artificial working strength, automatic salvage is received Collection can reduce water surface operation risk effect, by using Electric Motor Wheel drive placement plate move back and forth come to water hyacinth into Row salvages the mode for driving slice to cut water hyacinth plus Electric Motor Wheel, is not only able to quickly gather in water hyacinth And salvaging, and can be avoided artificial excessive operation during salvaging.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is schematic view of the front view of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the schematic view of the front view of present invention linkage cutter device.
Fig. 3 is the schematic view of the front view of skewback of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the schematic view of the front view that the present invention pushes collection device.
Fig. 5 is the schematic view of the front view that the present invention switchs.
Fig. 6 is the circuit connection diagram that the present invention switchs.
The label in accompanying drawing is: 1- hull, 2- through-hole, 3- guide plate, 4- mounting blocks, 5- first rotating shaft, 6- placement plate, 7- Block, 8- mounting plate, 9- filter plate, 10-L shape bar, 101- Electric Motor Wheel, the second shaft of 11-, 12- sector gear, 13- third shaft, 14- first gear, the first reel of 15-, the first bracing wire of 16-, 30- linkage cutter device, the 4th shaft of 301-, 302- cam, 303- runner, 304- are driven item, 305- guide sleeve, 306- guide rail, the first spring of 307-, 308- contact plate, 309- rack gear, 3010- 5th shaft, 3011- second gear, 3012- mobile bar, 3013- slice, 3021- skewback, 31- push collection device, and 311- is sliding Rail, 312- sliding block, 313- second spring, 314- pushing block, 315- waterproof cloth, 316- support base, the electronic reel of 317-, 318- Two bracing wires, 3171- switch.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Embodiment 1
A kind of water conservancy lake water hyacinth harvesting ship includes as shown in figures 1 to 6 hull 1, guide plate 3, mounting blocks 4, first rotating shaft 5, placement plate 6, block 7, mounting plate 8, filter plate 9, L shape bar 10, Electric Motor Wheel 101, the second shaft 11, sector gear 12, third shaft 13, first gear 14, the first reel 15 and the first bracing wire 16,1 left and right sides top of hull are provided with through-hole 2, Through-hole 2 is located at 1 waterline of hull or more, and 1 left and right sides middle part of hull is equipped with guide plate 3 by welding, under guide plate 3 Mounting blocks 4 are installed by welding, 4 front side of mounting blocks is rotatably connected with first rotating shaft 5, first rotating shaft 5 on the inside of side Front side is connected with placement plate 6, and placement plate 6 is located at 1 underwater of hull in parastate, and 6 upside inside of placement plate passes through weldering The mode connect is equipped with block 7, and 1 rear side of hull is equipped with filter plate 9 by welding, and 6 rear side of placement plate connects with filter plate 9 It touches, middle side part is equipped with mounting plate 8 by welding on hull 1, and 8 front side right of mounting plate upside is by welding L shape bar 10 is installed, Electric Motor Wheel 101 is connected on the left of L shape bar 10, is connected with the second shaft 11 in the middle part of Electric Motor Wheel 101, second turn Sector gear 12 is connected on rear side of axis 11, third shaft 13 there are two rotary connections at left and right sides of 8 front side top of mounting plate, the It is connected with first gear 14 on three shafts, 13 rear side, the first reel 15, each first coiling are connected on front side of third shaft 13 15 top of wheel is wound with the first bracing wire 16, and the first bracing wire 16 is connected to corresponding 6 outside of placement plate.
Embodiment 2
A kind of water conservancy lake water hyacinth harvesting ship includes as shown in figures 1 to 6 hull 1, guide plate 3, mounting blocks 4, first rotating shaft 5, placement plate 6, block 7, mounting plate 8, filter plate 9, L shape bar 10, Electric Motor Wheel 101, the second shaft 11, sector gear 12, third shaft 13, first gear 14, the first reel 15 and the first bracing wire 16,1 left and right sides top of hull are provided with through-hole 2, Through-hole 2 is located at 1 waterline of hull or more, and 1 left and right sides middle part of hull is equipped with guide plate 3 by welding, under guide plate 3 Mounting blocks 4 are installed by welding, 4 front side of mounting blocks is rotatably connected with first rotating shaft 5, first rotating shaft 5 on the inside of side Front side is connected with placement plate 6, and placement plate 6 is located at 1 underwater of hull in parastate, and 6 upside inside of placement plate passes through weldering The mode connect is equipped with block 7, and 1 rear side of hull is equipped with filter plate 9 by welding, and 6 rear side of placement plate connects with filter plate 9 It touches, middle side part is equipped with mounting plate 8 by welding on hull 1, and 8 front side right of mounting plate upside is by welding L shape bar 10 is installed, Electric Motor Wheel 101 is connected on the left of L shape bar 10, is connected with the second shaft 11 in the middle part of Electric Motor Wheel 101, second turn Sector gear 12 is connected on rear side of axis 11, third shaft 13 there are two rotary connections at left and right sides of 8 front side top of mounting plate, the It is connected with first gear 14 on three shafts, 13 rear side, the first reel 15, each first coiling are connected on front side of third shaft 13 15 top of wheel is wound with the first bracing wire 16, and the first bracing wire 16 is connected to corresponding 6 outside of placement plate.
It further include having linkage cutter device 30, linkage cutter device 30 includes the 4th shaft 301, cam 302, runner 303, article 304, guide sleeve 305, guide rail 306, the first spring 307, contact plate 308, rack gear 309, the 5th shaft 3010, second are driven Gear 3011, mobile bar 3012 and slice 3013 are equipped with linkage cutter device 30,8 front side middle part rotation of mounting plate on front side of placement plate 6 It is rotatable to be connected with the 4th shaft 301, cam 302,11 front end of the 4th shaft 301 and the second shaft are connected in the 4th shaft 301 It is connected with runner 303, transmission item 304, the side that the 8 front side lower section left and right sides of mounting plate passes through welding are connected between runner 303 Formula is equipped with guide sleeve 305, and the guide sleeve 305 of downside is located at the lower left of the guide sleeve 305 of upside, and 305 inner sliding type of guide sleeve is connected with 306 right side of guide rail of guide rail 306, upside is equipped with the first spring 307 by welding, and 307 left end of the first spring passes through The mode of welding is connected to the right of the guide sleeve 305 of upside, and 306 left end of guide rail of upside is equipped with contact by welding Plate 308, contact plate 308 are contacted with cam 302, and rack gear 309,8 front side lower section middle part of mounting plate are connected on the inside of two guide rails 306 It rotatably is connected with the 5th shaft 3010, second gear 3011, second gear 3011 and rack gear are connected in the 5th shaft 3010 309 engagements, two side rails, 306 outside are equipped with mobile bar 3012 by welding, and 3012 lower end of mobile bar passes through welding Mode slice 3013 is installed.
Embodiment 3
A kind of water conservancy lake water hyacinth harvesting ship includes as shown in figures 1 to 6 hull 1, guide plate 3, mounting blocks 4, first rotating shaft 5, placement plate 6, block 7, mounting plate 8, filter plate 9, L shape bar 10, Electric Motor Wheel 101, the second shaft 11, sector gear 12, third shaft 13, first gear 14, the first reel 15 and the first bracing wire 16,1 left and right sides top of hull are provided with through-hole 2, Through-hole 2 is located at 1 waterline of hull or more, and 1 left and right sides middle part of hull is equipped with guide plate 3 by welding, under guide plate 3 Mounting blocks 4 are installed by welding, 4 front side of mounting blocks is rotatably connected with first rotating shaft 5, first rotating shaft 5 on the inside of side Front side is connected with placement plate 6, and placement plate 6 is located at 1 underwater of hull in parastate, and 6 upside inside of placement plate passes through weldering The mode connect is equipped with block 7, and 1 rear side of hull is equipped with filter plate 9 by welding, and 6 rear side of placement plate connects with filter plate 9 It touches, middle side part is equipped with mounting plate 8 by welding on hull 1, and 8 front side right of mounting plate upside is by welding L shape bar 10 is installed, Electric Motor Wheel 101 is connected on the left of L shape bar 10, is connected with the second shaft 11 in the middle part of Electric Motor Wheel 101, second turn Sector gear 12 is connected on rear side of axis 11, third shaft 13 there are two rotary connections at left and right sides of 8 front side top of mounting plate, the It is connected with first gear 14 on three shafts, 13 rear side, the first reel 15, each first coiling are connected on front side of third shaft 13 15 top of wheel is wound with the first bracing wire 16, and the first bracing wire 16 is connected to corresponding 6 outside of placement plate.
It further include having linkage cutter device 30, linkage cutter device 30 includes the 4th shaft 301, cam 302, runner 303, article 304, guide sleeve 305, guide rail 306, the first spring 307, contact plate 308, rack gear 309, the 5th shaft 3010, second are driven Gear 3011, mobile bar 3012 and slice 3013 are equipped with linkage cutter device 30,8 front side middle part rotation of mounting plate on front side of placement plate 6 It is rotatable to be connected with the 4th shaft 301, cam 302,11 front end of the 4th shaft 301 and the second shaft are connected in the 4th shaft 301 It is connected with runner 303, transmission item 304, the side that the 8 front side lower section left and right sides of mounting plate passes through welding are connected between runner 303 Formula is equipped with guide sleeve 305, and the guide sleeve 305 of downside is located at the lower left of the guide sleeve 305 of upside, and 305 inner sliding type of guide sleeve is connected with 306 right side of guide rail of guide rail 306, upside is equipped with the first spring 307 by welding, and 307 left end of the first spring passes through The mode of welding is connected to the right of the guide sleeve 305 of upside, and 306 left end of guide rail of upside is equipped with contact by welding Plate 308, contact plate 308 are contacted with cam 302, and rack gear 309,8 front side lower section middle part of mounting plate are connected on the inside of two guide rails 306 It rotatably is connected with the 5th shaft 3010, second gear 3011, second gear 3011 and rack gear are connected in the 5th shaft 3010 309 engagements, two side rails, 306 outside are equipped with mobile bar 3012 by welding, and 3012 lower end of mobile bar passes through welding Mode slice 3013 is installed.
Further include having skewback 3021, skewback 3021 is connected on the right side of block 7.
Embodiment 4
A kind of water conservancy lake water hyacinth harvesting ship includes as shown in figures 1 to 6 hull 1, guide plate 3, mounting blocks 4, first rotating shaft 5, placement plate 6, block 7, mounting plate 8, filter plate 9, L shape bar 10, Electric Motor Wheel 101, the second shaft 11, sector gear 12, third shaft 13, first gear 14, the first reel 15 and the first bracing wire 16,1 left and right sides top of hull are provided with through-hole 2, Through-hole 2 is located at 1 waterline of hull or more, and 1 left and right sides middle part of hull is equipped with guide plate 3 by welding, under guide plate 3 Mounting blocks 4 are installed by welding, 4 front side of mounting blocks is rotatably connected with first rotating shaft 5, first rotating shaft 5 on the inside of side Front side is connected with placement plate 6, and placement plate 6 is located at 1 underwater of hull in parastate, and 6 upside inside of placement plate passes through weldering The mode connect is equipped with block 7, and 1 rear side of hull is equipped with filter plate 9 by welding, and 6 rear side of placement plate connects with filter plate 9 It touches, middle side part is equipped with mounting plate 8 by welding on hull 1, and 8 front side right of mounting plate upside is by welding L shape bar 10 is installed, Electric Motor Wheel 101 is connected on the left of L shape bar 10, is connected with the second shaft 11 in the middle part of Electric Motor Wheel 101, second turn Sector gear 12 is connected on rear side of axis 11, third shaft 13 there are two rotary connections at left and right sides of 8 front side top of mounting plate, the It is connected with first gear 14 on three shafts, 13 rear side, the first reel 15, each first coiling are connected on front side of third shaft 13 15 top of wheel is wound with the first bracing wire 16, and the first bracing wire 16 is connected to corresponding 6 outside of placement plate.
It further include having linkage cutter device 30, linkage cutter device 30 includes the 4th shaft 301, cam 302, runner 303, article 304, guide sleeve 305, guide rail 306, the first spring 307, contact plate 308, rack gear 309, the 5th shaft 3010, second are driven Gear 3011, mobile bar 3012 and slice 3013 are equipped with linkage cutter device 30,8 front side middle part rotation of mounting plate on front side of placement plate 6 It is rotatable to be connected with the 4th shaft 301, cam 302,11 front end of the 4th shaft 301 and the second shaft are connected in the 4th shaft 301 It is connected with runner 303, transmission item 304, the side that the 8 front side lower section left and right sides of mounting plate passes through welding are connected between runner 303 Formula is equipped with guide sleeve 305, and the guide sleeve 305 of downside is located at the lower left of the guide sleeve 305 of upside, and 305 inner sliding type of guide sleeve is connected with 306 right side of guide rail of guide rail 306, upside is equipped with the first spring 307 by welding, and 307 left end of the first spring passes through The mode of welding is connected to the right of the guide sleeve 305 of upside, and 306 left end of guide rail of upside is equipped with contact by welding Plate 308, contact plate 308 are contacted with cam 302, and rack gear 309,8 front side lower section middle part of mounting plate are connected on the inside of two guide rails 306 It rotatably is connected with the 5th shaft 3010, second gear 3011, second gear 3011 and rack gear are connected in the 5th shaft 3010 309 engagements, two side rails, 306 outside are equipped with mobile bar 3012 by welding, and 3012 lower end of mobile bar passes through welding Mode slice 3013 is installed.
Further include having skewback 3021, skewback 3021 is connected on the right side of block 7.
It further include having to push collection device 31, pushing collection device 31 includes sliding rail 311, sliding block 312, second spring 313, pushing block 314, waterproof cloth 315, support base 316, electronic reel 317 and the second bracing wire 318, placement plate 6, which is equipped with, to be pushed Collection device 31 is equipped with sliding rail 311 in placement plate 6 by bolted connection, and 311 inner sliding type of sliding rail is connected with sliding block 312, the upside of sliding block 312 is equipped with pushing block 314 by welding, and 312 inside of sliding block is equipped with the by welding Two springs 313,313 other end of second spring are mounted on by welding on 311 inner sidewall of sliding rail, under 314 inside of pushing block Side is connected with waterproof cloth 315, and 315 other end of waterproof cloth is connected on skewback 3021, and waterproof cloth 315 covers sliding rail 311, hull 1 The upper left and right sides is symmetrically installed with electronic reel 317, and the second bracing wire 318, the second bracing wire are wound on the downside of electronic reel 317 318 other ends are connected on pushing block 314.
It further include having switch 3171,3 upper right side of guide plate is connected with switch 3171.
Working principle: when user needs to salvage the water hyacinth of floating on water, which can be placed on by user On the water surface, then start Electric Motor Wheel 101, rotate clockwise Electric Motor Wheel 101, makes Electric Motor Wheel 101 that sector gear 12 be driven to rotate To the state not engaged with first gear 14, two sides placement plate 6 will be rotated by gravity rotating around first rotating shaft 5 at this time, make to put Plate 6 is set to rotate in water, and the first bracing wire 16 will also pull out on the first reel 15, user can start the ship at this time, make The water hyacinth floated on the water surface is blocked by filter plate 9, at this point, when sector gear 12 is rotated to and engaged again with first gear 14, Sector gear 12 drives right side first gear 14 to rotate, so that the rotation counterclockwise of the first reel of right side 15 is driven, thus to the right side The first bracing wire of side 16 carries out wraparound, to drive right side placement plate 6 to rotate counterclockwise around right side first rotating shaft 5, to make filter plate 9 The water hyacinth of front side is placed the drive of plate 6, disengages it from the water surface, when right side block 7 contacts right side guide plate 3, in placement plate 6 Water hyacinth will be fallen on inside hull 1 from placement plate 6 and guide plate 3 by right side through-hole 2, and sector gear 12 drives simultaneously When right side first gear 14 rotates, right side first gear 14 will drive left side first gear 14 to rotate clockwise, to make First bracing wire 16 on the left of 15 wraparound of the first reel of left side, to drive the placement plate 6 in left side by the water hyacinth band of 9 front side of filter plate Move in hull 1, and sector gear 12 it is intermittent engaged with first gear 14 will make placement plate 6 intermittent to filter plate 9 before The water hyacinth of side is collected salvaging.
Because further including having linkage cutter device 30, linkage cutter device 30 includes the 4th shaft 301, cam 302, turns Wheel 303, transmission articles 304, guide sleeve 305, guide rail 306, the first spring 307, contact plate 308, rack gear 309, the 5th shaft 3010, the Two gears 3011, mobile bar 3012 and slice 3013 are equipped with linkage cutter device 30,8 front side middle part of mounting plate on front side of placement plate 6 It rotatably is connected with the 4th shaft 301, is connected with cam 302 in the 4th shaft 301, before the 4th shaft 301 and the second shaft 11 End is connected with runner 303, and transmission item 304 is connected between runner 303, and the 8 front side lower section left and right sides of mounting plate passes through welding Mode is equipped with guide sleeve 305, and the guide sleeve 305 of downside is located at the lower left of the guide sleeve 305 of upside, the connection of 305 inner sliding type of guide sleeve There is guide rail 306,306 right side of guide rail of upside is equipped with the first spring 307 by welding, and 307 left end of the first spring is logical The right that the mode welded is connected to the guide sleeve 305 of upside is crossed, 306 left end of guide rail of upside is equipped with by welding to be connect Touch panel 308, contact plate 308 are contacted with cam 302, rack gear 309 are connected on the inside of two guide rails 306, on front side of mounting plate 8 in lower section Portion is rotatably connected with the 5th shaft 3010, and second gear 3011, second gear 3011 and tooth are connected in the 5th shaft 3010 Item 309 engages, and two side rails, 306 outside is equipped with mobile bar 3012 by welding, and 3012 lower end of mobile bar passes through weldering The mode connect is equipped with slice 3013, when user needs the water hyacinth to 6 front side of placement plate to be cut to gather in, user Electric Motor Wheel 101 can be opened, Electric Motor Wheel 101 drives upside runner 303 to rotate clockwise, and the rotation of upside runner 303 passes through transmission Item 304 drives downside runner 303 to rotate clockwise, and downside runner 303 drives the 4th shaft 301 to rotate clockwise, the 4th shaft 301 rotation band moving cams 302 rotates clockwise, when cam 302, which is rotated to, to be contacted with contact plate 308, contact plate 308 will by Left promotion, contact plate 308 drive the guide rail 306 of upside to be moved to the left in the guide sleeve 305 of upside, to drive right side mobile bar 3012 are moved to the left with slice 3013, to gather in the water hyacinth on 1 right side of hull, will compress the first spring 307 at this time, The guide rail 306 of upside will move in second gear 3011 with carry-over bar 309, so that second gear 3011 be driven to revolve counterclockwise Turn, rotation will drive downside rack gear 309 and guide rail 306 to move right to second gear 3011 counterclockwise, to drive left side mobile Bar 3012 and slice 3013 move right, to be gathered in the water hyacinth in 1 left side of hull, when cam 302 rotate to not with When contact plate 308 contacts, the first spring 307 will restore from compressive state, and the guide rail 306 of upside is pushed to move right, from And right side slice 3013 is driven to move right, also left side slice 3013 will be driven to be moved to the left.
Because further including having skewback 3021, skewback 3021 is connected on the right side of block 7, when the rotation of placement plate 6 falls water hyacinth To hull 1 it is interior when, skewback 3021 can allow water hyacinth that can smoothly pass through placement plate 6 and wire guide plate, will not put again It sets and causes to deposit on plate 6.
Because further including having to push collection device 31, pushing collection device 31 includes sliding rail 311, sliding block 312, the second bullet Spring 313, pushing block 314, waterproof cloth 315, support base 316, electronic reel 317 and the second bracing wire 318, placement plate 6 are equipped with and push away Collection device 31 is moved, sliding rail 311 is installed by bolted connection in placement plate 6,311 inner sliding type of sliding rail is connected with cunning Block 312,312 upside of sliding block are equipped with pushing block 314 by welding, and 312 inside of sliding block is equipped with by welding Second spring 313,313 other end of second spring are mounted on by welding on 311 inner sidewall of sliding rail, 314 inside of pushing block Lower section is connected with waterproof cloth 315, and 315 other end of waterproof cloth is connected on skewback 3021, and waterproof cloth 315 covers sliding rail 311, hull The left and right sides is symmetrically installed with electronic reel 317 on 1, and the second bracing wire 318, the second bracing wire are wound on the downside of electronic reel 317 318 other ends are connected on pushing block 314, and when placement plate 6 rotates, placement plate 6 makes the waterproof cloth 315 above it collect water Cucurbit, when user needs quickly to shift in hull 1 water hyacinth on waterproof cloth 315 onto, user can rotate in placement plate 6 Starting electronic reel 317 when then block 7 and guide plate 3 contact, electronic reel 317 will recycle the second bracing wire 318, Second bracing wire 318 will drive pushing block 314 to be moved to the left in sliding rail 311 by sliding block 312, will compress the at this time Two springs 313 enable water hyacinth to shift hull 1 onto make pushing block 314 that the water hyacinth on waterproof cloth 315 be pushed to be moved to the left It is interior, and when placement plate 6 rotates back to original position, user needs to close electronic reel 317, and second spring 313 will at this time Restore from compressive state, sliding block 312 and pushing block 314 is pushed to move right, so that the second bracing wire 318 be made to release.
Because further including having switch 3171,3 upper right side of guide plate is connected with switch 3171, when user needs to automatically control electricity When dynamic reel 317, when upward rotation, when block 7 touches switch 3171, switch 3171 will be touched placement plate 6 Hair controls the electronic rotation of reel 317 and withdraws the second bracing wire 318, when block 7 is not contacted with switch 3171, switch 3171 are disconnected, and have shut off the power supply of electronic reel 317.
The preferred embodiment of the present invention above described embodiment only expresses, the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but simultaneously Limitations on the scope of the patent of the present invention therefore cannot be interpreted as.It should be pointed out that for those of ordinary skill in the art For, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, several deformations can also be made, improves and substitutes, these belong to this hair Bright protection scope.Therefore, the scope of protection of the patent of the invention shall be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of water conservancy lake water hyacinth harvesting ship, which is characterized in that include hull (1), guide plate (3), installation Block (4), first rotating shaft (5), placement plate (6), block (7), mounting plate (8), filter plate (9), L shape bar (10), Electric Motor Wheel (101), Second shaft (11), sector gear (12), third shaft (13), first gear (14), the first reel (15) and the first bracing wire (16), top is provided with through-hole (2) at left and right sides of hull (1), and through-hole (2) is located at hull (1) waterline or more, hull (1) left and right two Middle side part is equipped with guide plate (3) by welding, and inside is equipped with installation by welding on the downside of guide plate (3) Block (4), mounting blocks (4) front side are rotatably connected with first rotating shaft (5), are connected with placement plate (6) on front side of first rotating shaft (5), put It sets plate (6) and is located at hull (1) underwater in parastate, inside is equipped with by welding on the upside of placement plate (6) Block (7), hull (1) rear side are equipped with filter plate (9) by welding, contact on rear side of placement plate (6) with filter plate (9), ship Middle side part is equipped with mounting plate (8) by welding on body (1), passes through the side of welding on front side of mounting plate (8) on the upside of right Formula is equipped with L shape bar (10), is connected with Electric Motor Wheel (101) on the left of L shape bar (10), is connected with second turn in the middle part of Electric Motor Wheel (101) Axis (11), the second shaft (11) rear side are connected with sector gear (12), rotary connection at left and right sides of mounting plate (8) front side top It there are two third shaft (13), is connected with first gear (14) on third shaft (13) rear side, connection on front side of third shaft (13) Have the first reel (15), be wound with the first bracing wire (16) above each first reel (15), the first bracing wire (16) is connected to pair On the outside of the placement plate (6) answered.
2. a kind of water conservancy according to claim 1 lake water hyacinth harvesting ship, which is characterized in that further include having connection Dynamic cutter device (30), linkage cutter device (30) include the 4th shaft (301), cam (302), runner (303), transmission article (304), guide sleeve (305), guide rail (306), the first spring (307), contact plate (308), rack gear (309), the 5th shaft (3010), Second gear (3011), mobile bar (3012) and slice (3013), placement plate (6) front side are equipped with linkage cutter device (30), peace Rotating middle part formula is connected with the 4th shaft (301) on front side of loading board (8), is connected with cam (302) in the 4th shaft (301), the 4th Shaft (301) and the second shaft (11) front end are connected with runner (303), and transmission item (304), peace are connected between runner (303) The lower section left and right sides is equipped with guide sleeve (305) by welding on front side of loading board (8), and the guide sleeve (305) of downside is located at upside Guide sleeve (305) lower left, guide sleeve (305) inner sliding type is connected with guide rail (306), passes through on the right side of the guide rail (306) of upside The mode of welding is equipped with the first spring (307), and the first spring (307) left end is connected to the guide sleeve of upside by welding (305) guide rail (306) left end of right, upside is equipped with contact plate (308) by welding, contact plate (308) with Cam (302) contact, two guide rails (306) insides are connected with rack gear (309), and lower section rotating middle part formula connects on front side of mounting plate (8) It is connected to the 5th shaft (3010), is connected with second gear (3011) in the 5th shaft (3010), second gear (3011) and rack gear (309) it engages, is equipped with by welding mobile bar (3012) on the outside of two side rails (306), mobile bar (3012) lower end Slice (3013) are installed by welding.
3. a kind of water conservancy according to claim 2 lake water hyacinth harvesting ship, which is characterized in that further include having tiltedly Block (3021), block (7) right side are connected with skewback (3021).
4. a kind of water conservancy according to claim 3 lake water hyacinth harvesting ship, which is characterized in that further include pushing away Dynamic collection device (31), pushing collection device (31) includes sliding rail (311), sliding block (312), second spring (313), pushing block (314), waterproof cloth (315), support base (316), electronic reel (317) and the second bracing wire (318), placement plate (6) are equipped with It pushes collection device (31), is equipped with by bolted connection sliding rail (311) in placement plate (6), sliding in sliding rail (311) Formula is connected with sliding block (312), is equipped with by welding pushing block (314) on the upside of sliding block (312), logical on the inside of sliding block (312) The mode for crossing welding is equipped with second spring (313), and second spring (313) other end is mounted on sliding rail by welding (311) on inner sidewall, pushing block (314) interior side-lower is connected with waterproof cloth (315), and waterproof cloth (315) other end is connected to skewback (3021) on, waterproof cloth (315) is covered sliding rail (311), and the left and right sides is symmetrically installed with electronic reel (317) on hull (1), It is wound with the second bracing wire (318) on the downside of electronic reel (317), the second bracing wire (318) other end is connected on pushing block (314).
5. a kind of water conservancy according to claim 4 lake water hyacinth harvesting ship, which is characterized in that further include having out It closes (3171), guide plate (3) upper right side is connected with switch (3171).
CN201711212606.1A 2017-11-28 2017-11-28 A kind of water conservancy lake water hyacinth harvesting ship Active CN108086270B (en)

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CN109482637B (en) * 2018-11-26 2021-06-29 山东省鲁南地质工程勘察院(山东省地勘局第二地质大队) Soil remediation and quality improvement equipment
CN111270719A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-06-12 山东水利职业学院 Water supply and drainage ditch excavating device

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CN105539747A (en) * 2016-01-14 2016-05-04 徐嘉骏 Water surface refuse collection ship
CN105964047A (en) * 2016-06-19 2016-09-28 刘宦文 Efficient treatment device for sewage in small rivers in cities and towns
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