CN108082836A - A kind of 3 D-printing for building matches somebody with somebody feeding system and method - Google Patents

A kind of 3 D-printing for building matches somebody with somebody feeding system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108082836A
CN108082836A CN201711267173.XA CN201711267173A CN108082836A CN 108082836 A CN108082836 A CN 108082836A CN 201711267173 A CN201711267173 A CN 201711267173A CN 108082836 A CN108082836 A CN 108082836A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
raw
input
control
feeding
Prior art date
Application number
CN201711267173.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王恩鹏
赵亮
徐小明
程明
Original Assignee
北京崇建工程有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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Application filed by 北京崇建工程有限公司 filed Critical 北京崇建工程有限公司
Priority to CN201711267173.XA priority Critical patent/CN108082836A/en
Publication of CN108082836A publication Critical patent/CN108082836A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G15/00Conveyors having endless load-conveying surfaces, i.e. belts and like continuous members, to which tractive effort is transmitted by means other than endless driving elements of similar configuration

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of 3 D-printing for building and matches somebody with somebody feeding system and method, the system comprises:Raw material input module, for being input to a variety of building materials with feeding module;Described to match somebody with somebody feeding module, a variety of building materials for the raw material input module to be inputted are mixed and are distributed to three-dimensional printer;Raw material metering module, for measuring the weight for being input to a variety of building materials with feeding module;Control module, respectively with the raw material input module, it is described be electrically connected with feeding module and the raw material metering module, for controlling the raw material input module, the operation for matching somebody with somebody feeding module and the raw material metering module.The present invention reduces artificial participation, reduces error probability, save labour, improve efficiency to realize full process automatization control.

Description

A kind of 3 D-printing for building matches somebody with somebody feeding system and method
Technical field
The present embodiments relate to technical field of building construction more particularly to a kind of 3 D-printing for building to match somebody with somebody feed system And method.
Background technology
Three-dimensional printing technology is also known as 3D printing technique, is a kind of rapid shaping technique.It is a kind of with mathematical model text Based on part, with can jointing material, the technology of constructed object by way of successively printing.With the development of 3D printing technique And it is gradually ripe, 3D printing technique brings technological innovation to manufacturing industry.In labor-intensive building trade, also begin to draw Enter 3D printing technique and carry out engineering construction production, in construction efficiency, production cost, duration of a project, mechanization, Automated water equality Aspect is all achieved and significantly improved.
But be at present by being manually performed for process of the building 3D printer with feeding, construction efficiency is low, and Due to the ratio of manual control raw material, dispensing, feeding are carried out, easily generates error.
The content of the invention
The embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of 3 D-printing for building with feeding system and method, to realize full process automatization Control reduces artificial participation, reduces error probability, saves labour, improves efficiency.
The embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of 3 D-printing for building and matches somebody with somebody feed system, including:
Raw material input module, for being input to a variety of building materials with feeding module;
Described to match somebody with somebody feeding module, a variety of building materials for the raw material input module to be inputted are mixed simultaneously It is distributed to three-dimensional printer;
Raw material metering module, for measuring the weight for being input to a variety of building materials with feeding module;
Control module, respectively with the raw material input module, described be electrically connected with feeding module and the raw material metering module It connects, for controlling the raw material input module, the operation with feeding module and the raw material metering module.
Optionally, the raw material input module includes conveyer belt and water pump;A variety of building materials include architecture sediment, Without mould agent and water.
Optionally, described to include mixer and extruder with feeding module, the drain hole of the mixer will be mixed A variety of building materials are delivered to the extruder, and are distributed to three-dimensional printer by the extruder.
Optionally, the raw material metering module includes weight sensor.
Optionally, described to include mixer with feeding module, the weight sensor is located at the bottom of the mixer, uses In weight of the detection mixer under setting state.
Optionally, the control module includes programmable logic controller (PLC) or microcontroller.
The embodiment of the present invention also provides a kind of 3 D-printing for building and matches somebody with somebody feeding method, including:
A variety of building materials are sequentially input to feeding module by control module control raw material input module;
Raw material metering module obtains the weight data of each building material in a variety of building materials, and by the weight Data sending is to control module, with by the weight of each building material of the control module control input;
A variety of building materials are mixed and are distributed to three-dimensional with feeding module described in the control module control Printer.
Optionally, the described method includes:
Control module control conveyer belt will sequentially be input in mixer and control water pump will without mould agent and architecture sediment Water is input in the mixer;
Weight sensor obtains the weight data of the no mould agent, the architecture sediment and water, and by the weight data Control module is sent to, with by the weight of the no mould agent of the control module control input, the architecture sediment and water;
The control module controls the mixer that the no mould agent, the architecture sediment and water are mixed and dispensed To three-dimensional printer.
Optionally, the control module includes programmable logic controller (PLC) or microcontroller.
3 D-printing delivery system for building provided in an embodiment of the present invention includes control module and is electrically connected with control module The raw material input module that connects, with feeding module and raw material metering module, control module can control raw material input module to input To the dosage of the various building materials with feeding module, and the dosage of various building materials is to various by raw material metering module What the detection of the weight of building material was realized, a variety of building materials for meeting specific proportioning are mixed with feeding module, and Most mixed a variety of building materials are delivered to three-dimensional printer at last, are used using the raw material as 3 D-printing.Due to this hair The processes such as raw material input, mixing, dispatching and metering in bright embodiment are all automatic runnings under the control of control module, Full process automatization control is realized, reduces artificial participation, error probability is reduced, saves labour, improve efficiency.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram that a kind of 3 D-printing for building that the embodiment of the present invention one provides matches somebody with somebody feed system;
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram that a kind of 3 D-printing for building provided by Embodiment 2 of the present invention matches somebody with somebody feed system.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.It is understood that this place is retouched The specific embodiment stated is used only for explaining the present invention rather than limitation of the invention.It also should be noted that in order to just Part related to the present invention rather than entire infrastructure are illustrated only in description, attached drawing.
Embodiment one
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram that a kind of 3 D-printing for building that the embodiment of the present invention one provides matches somebody with somebody feed system, such as Shown in Fig. 1,3 D-printing for building includes raw material input module 10, with feeding module 20, raw material metering module with feed system 30 and control module 40.Wherein, raw material input module 10 is used to a variety of building materials being input to feeding module 20;With feeding A variety of building materials that module 20 is used to input raw material input module 10 are mixed and are distributed to three-dimensional printer (in figure not It shows);Raw material metering module 30 is input to the weight of a variety of building materials with feeding module 20 for measuring;Control module 40 It is electrically connected respectively with raw material input module 10, with feeding module 20 and raw material metering module 30, for controlling raw material input module 10th, the operation with feeding module 20 and raw material metering module 30.Illustratively, control module 40 can control raw material to input mould When block 10 starts to convey building material and various the building according to the acquisition of raw material metering module 30 with feeding module 20 to described The weight of raw material is built, when control stops conveying building material with feeding module 20 to described with raw material input module 10.
3 D-printing delivery system for building provided in an embodiment of the present invention is suitable for the three-dimensional printer for building trade Printing raw material is provided, 3 D-printing delivery system for building includes control module and the raw material being electrically connected with control module input mould Block, with feeding module and raw material metering module, control module can control raw material input module to be input to feeding module The dosage of various building materials, and the dosage of various building materials is the weight by raw material metering module to various building materials Detection realize, a variety of building materials for meeting specific proportioning are mixed with feeding module, and most mixed at last A variety of building materials are delivered to three-dimensional printer, are used using the raw material as 3 D-printing.Due to the original in the embodiment of the present invention The processes such as material input, mixing, dispatching and metering are all automatic runnings under the control of control module, realize overall process from Dynamicization controls, and reduces artificial participation, reduces error probability, saves labour, improves efficiency.
Implement two
The embodiment of the present invention two gives a kind of optional realization method of the shown modules in embodiment one, and Fig. 2 is A kind of 3 D-printing for building provided by Embodiment 2 of the present invention matches somebody with somebody the structure diagram of feed system, with reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 institutes Show, raw material input module 10 can include conveyer belt 1 and water pump 4, a variety of building materials can include architecture sediment, without mould agent and Water.Wherein, no mould agent is a kind of building batch, and the process that no mould agent and architecture sediment stir in mixer 2 is commonly referred to as Dry mixing, the whipping process of no mould agent, architecture sediment and water in mixer 2 is a kind of to be referred to as wet-mixing, and in 3 D-printing, (3D is beaten Print) formed construction material (such as wall) in, no mould agent play an important role of accelerated solidification, reinforcing construction material.With feeding mold Block 20 can include mixer 2 and extruder 3, and mixed a variety of building materials are delivered to extrusion by the drain hole 6 of mixer 2 Machine 3, and three-dimensional printer (not shown) is distributed to by extruder 3.Preferably, a variety of buildings for being delivered to extruder 3 are former Material can be uniformly mixed in mixer 2.Raw material metering module 30 can include weight sensor 5.Control module 40 can wrap Include programmable logic controller (PLC) (Programmable Logic Controller, PLC) or microcontroller.Programmable logical controller Device is a kind of electronic device for the digital operation for aiming at industrial production design, it is used using a kind of programmable memory Portion's storage program in the inner performs the user oriented instructions such as logical operation, sequential control, timing, counting and arithmetical operation, and Various types of machineries or production process are controlled by number or analog pattern input/output, are the cores of Industry Control.
Optionally, weight sensor 5 can be located at the bottom of mixer 2, for detecting mixer 2 under setting state Weight.Since the various building materials (such as without mould agent, architecture sediment and water) for needing to mix are required to carry out in mixer 2 It mixes, therefore weight sensor 5 is arranged to the bottom of mixer 2, and detect the weight of mixer 2 under various regimes, and Multiple weight sensors are set (that is, without the weight for weighing various building materials respectively, only without respectively a variety of building materials Need the weight for weighing mixer under various states that the weight of various construction materials can be obtained by calculation), it is simple and practicable. The various states of mixer 2 for example can be that no any building material (state one), mixer 2 include no mould agent (state Two), mixer 2 include no mould agent and architecture sediment (state three) and mixer 2 include no mould agent, architecture sediment and Water (state four).
It should be noted that the embodiment of the present invention gives a kind of optional realization of the shown modules in embodiment one Mode is not unique realization method, and in other embodiments, illustratively, raw material input module 10 can include industrial machine Device people, industrial robot input a variety of building materials under the control of control module 40 to feeding module 20, and a variety of buildings are former Material can include sawdust, cement and concrete etc..In addition, as shown in Fig. 2, mixer 2, extruder 3, water pump 4 and weight sensing Device 5 can be loaded on motor vehicles, so substantially increase the mobility of equipment, maneuverability.
Embodiment three
The embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of 3 D-printing for building with feeding method, includes the following steps:
Step 1: a variety of building materials are sequentially input to feeding module by control module control raw material input module.
Step 2: raw material metering module obtains the weight data of each building material in a variety of building materials, and by weight Data sending is to control module, with by the weight of each building material of control module control input;
Step 3: a variety of building materials are mixed with feeding module and are distributed to 3 D-printing by control module control Machine.
In 3 D-printing allocator for building provided in an embodiment of the present invention, raw material input, mixing, dispatching and metering Etc. processes be all automatic running under the control of control module, realize full process automatization control, reduce it is artificial participate in, subtract Malfunction probability less, saves labour, improves efficiency.
Further, in conjunction with the embodiments two provide modules a kind of optional realization method, another kind for building three Dimension printing can include with feeding method:
Step 1: control module control conveyer belt will be sequentially input in mixer and controlled without mould agent and architecture sediment Water is input in mixer by water pump processed.
Step 2: weight sensor obtains the weight data without mould agent, architecture sediment and water, and weight data is sent to Control module, with by the weight without mould agent, architecture sediment and water of control module control input.
Step 3: control module control mixer will be mixed without mould agent, architecture sediment and water and be distributed to three-dimensional beat Print machine.
Optionally, control module includes programmable logic controller (PLC) or microcontroller.
Example IV
Unlike embodiment three, control module is described in detail to matching somebody with somebody the control of feed system in the embodiment of the present invention four Process, the 3 D-printing for building that the embodiment of the present invention four provides include with feeding method:
Step 1: setting weight is delivered to mixer by control module control conveyer belt without mould agent, then control transmission Band transmits architecture sediment to mixer, and when the weight that weight biography sensor detects mixer reaches the first given threshold, Control module control mixer starts to stir;
Step 2: when reaching the first setting time, control module control mixer stops stirring;
Step 3: control module control water pump injects water into mixer, and mixer is detected in weight sensor When weight reaches the second given threshold, control module control mixer starts to stir;
Step 4: when reaching the second setting time, control module control mixer stops stirring;
Step 5: mixed a variety of building materials are delivered to extruder by the drain hole of control module control mixer, And three-dimensional printer is distributed to by extruder.
Optionally, control module includes programmable logic controller (PLC) or microcontroller.
Note that it above are only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention and institute's application technology principle.It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that The invention is not restricted to specific embodiment described here, can carry out for a person skilled in the art various apparent variations, It readjusts, be combined with each other and substitutes without departing from protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, although by above example to this Invention is described in further detail, but the present invention is not limited only to above example, is not departing from present inventive concept In the case of, other more equivalent embodiments can also be included, and the scope of the present invention is determined by scope of the appended claims.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of 3 D-printing for building matches somebody with somebody feed system, which is characterized in that including:
Raw material input module, for being input to a variety of building materials with feeding module;
Described to match somebody with somebody feeding module, a variety of building materials for the raw material input module to be inputted are mixed and dispensed To three-dimensional printer;
Raw material metering module, for measuring the weight for being input to a variety of building materials with feeding module;
Control module, respectively with the raw material input module, it is described be electrically connected with feeding module and the raw material metering module, use In the control raw material input module, the operation with feeding module and the raw material metering module.
2. system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the raw material input module includes conveyer belt and water pump;Institute Stating a variety of building materials includes architecture sediment, without mould agent and water.
3. system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described to include mixer and extruder, institute with feeding module Mixed a variety of building materials are delivered to the extruder by the drain hole for stating mixer, and are dispensed by the extruder To three-dimensional printer.
4. system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the raw material metering module includes weight sensor.
5. system according to claim 4, which is characterized in that described to include mixer with feeding module, the weight passes Sensor is located at the bottom of the mixer, for detecting weight of the mixer under setting state.
6. system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the control module includes programmable logic controller (PLC) or list Piece machine.
7. a kind of 3 D-printing for building matches somebody with somebody feeding method, which is characterized in that including:
A variety of building materials are sequentially input to feeding module by control module control raw material input module;
Raw material metering module obtains the weight data of each building material in a variety of building materials, and by the weight data Control module is sent to, with by the weight of each building material of the control module control input;
A variety of building materials are mixed and are distributed to 3 D-printing with feeding module described in the control module control Machine.
8. the method according to the description of claim 7 is characterized in that
The described method includes:
Control module control conveyer belt will sequentially be input in mixer and control water pump that water is defeated without mould agent and architecture sediment Enter into the mixer;
Weight sensor obtains the weight data of the no mould agent, the architecture sediment and water, and the weight data is sent To control module, with by the weight of the no mould agent of the control module control input, the architecture sediment and water;
The control module controls the mixer to be mixed the no mould agent, the architecture sediment and water and is distributed to three Tie up printer.
9. the method according to the description of claim 7 is characterized in that the control module includes programmable logic controller (PLC) or list Piece machine.
CN201711267173.XA 2017-12-05 2017-12-05 A kind of 3 D-printing for building matches somebody with somebody feeding system and method CN108082836A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105922581A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-09-07 苏州艾泰普机械有限公司 3D printer with automatic raw material weighing and feeding functions
CN106313510A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-01-11 河南龙璟科技有限公司 Material mixing device of 3D printer
CN106426548A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-02-22 苏州哈度软件有限公司 Dry-mixed mortar production line intelligent control system
CN206124252U (en) * 2016-09-08 2017-04-26 深圳职业技术学院 But 3D printing device of auto -power -off
CN107200536A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-09-26 辉置智能科技(上海)有限公司 A kind of rapid shaping 3D printing slurry for being used to build and preparation method thereof
CN107311561A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-11-03 同济大学 It is a kind of for 3D printing cement-based material of underwater construction and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105922581A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-09-07 苏州艾泰普机械有限公司 3D printer with automatic raw material weighing and feeding functions
CN106426548A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-02-22 苏州哈度软件有限公司 Dry-mixed mortar production line intelligent control system
CN206124252U (en) * 2016-09-08 2017-04-26 深圳职业技术学院 But 3D printing device of auto -power -off
CN106313510A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-01-11 河南龙璟科技有限公司 Material mixing device of 3D printer
CN107311561A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-11-03 同济大学 It is a kind of for 3D printing cement-based material of underwater construction and preparation method thereof
CN107200536A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-09-26 辉置智能科技(上海)有限公司 A kind of rapid shaping 3D printing slurry for being used to build and preparation method thereof

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