CN108079490A - A kind of healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating - Google Patents

A kind of healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108079490A
CN108079490A CN201810155957.1A CN201810155957A CN108079490A CN 108079490 A CN108079490 A CN 108079490A CN 201810155957 A CN201810155957 A CN 201810155957A CN 108079490 A CN108079490 A CN 108079490A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
bracing wire
shaft
sliding sleeve
shoulder joint
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810155957.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何永正
李志强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anyang Xiangyu Medical Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Anyang Xiangyu Medical Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anyang Xiangyu Medical Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Anyang Xiangyu Medical Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810155957.1A priority Critical patent/CN108079490A/en
Publication of CN108079490A publication Critical patent/CN108079490A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/00058Mechanical means for varying the resistance
    • A63B21/00065Mechanical means for varying the resistance by increasing or reducing the number of resistance units
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/02Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using resilient force-resisters
    • A63B21/055Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using resilient force-resisters extension element type
    • A63B21/0552Elastic ropes or bands
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/12Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for upper limbs or related muscles, e.g. chest, upper back or shoulder muscles
    • A63B23/1245Primarily by articulating the shoulder joint
    • A63B23/1254Rotation about an axis parallel to the longitudinal axis of the body, e.g. butterfly-type exercises
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/12Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for upper limbs or related muscles, e.g. chest, upper back or shoulder muscles
    • A63B23/1245Primarily by articulating the shoulder joint
    • A63B23/1263Rotation about an axis passing through both shoulders, e.g. cross-country skiing-type arm movements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/12Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for upper limbs or related muscles, e.g. chest, upper back or shoulder muscles
    • A63B23/1245Primarily by articulating the shoulder joint
    • A63B23/1272Rotation around an axis perpendicular to the frontal body-plane of the user, i.e. moving the arms in the plane of the body, to and from the sides of the body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B24/00Electric or electronic controls for exercising apparatus of preceding groups; Controlling or monitoring of exercises, sportive games, training or athletic performances
    • A63B24/0062Monitoring athletic performances, e.g. for determining the work of a user on an exercise apparatus, the completed jogging or cycling distance
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/06Indicating or scoring devices for games or players, or for other sports activities
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/18Inclination, slope or curvature
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/30Speed

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating,Including pedestal,Vertical columns on the pedestal,Sliding sleeve is fixed on column,The fixed position slided on column can adjust,One end of direct or indirect fixed angle regulating arm on sliding sleeve,And angle adjustment arm can adjust with column institute angle degree,The other end fixed support body of angle adjustment arm,Bracing wire fixed disk is fixed on supporter,Bracing wire fixed disk rotation connection bracing wire shaft lower end,Bracing wire rotating disc is fixed on the top of bracing wire shaft,Upper limb fixing device is fixed in bracing wire shaft upper end by fast joint structure,Several flexible pull wire both ends are fixedly connected respectively with bracing wire fixed disk and bracing wire rotating disc,Angular transducer is installed between bracing wire shaft and bracing wire fixed disk,Using three kinds of replaceable upper limb fixing devices,It realizes above and below patient's shoulder joint,Swing and inside and outside rotation training needs,Improve the rehabilitation efficacy of patient.

Description

A kind of healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of shoulder joint training device more particularly to a kind of healing and training shoulder joints and apparatus for evaluating, belong to In rehabilitation medical instrument field.
Background technology
Environmental pollution, process of industrialization promote, rhythm of life is accelerated, annual because cranial vascular disease, arthrotrauma, brain The personnel amount of shoulder dysfunction caused by wound is numerous, different degrees of shoulder joint kinesitherapy dysfunction, patient occurs Shoulder is the current effective means for recovering shoulder joint kinesitherapy function by the rehabilitation training constantly repeated when there is certain muscular strength, Current device for healing and training shoulder joint generally can not realize that movement angle is proportional with resistance, it is impossible to improve the rehabilitation instruction of patient Practice interest or mechanism it is single, it is impossible to realize shoulder joint up and down, swing and inside and outside rotation training needs, reduce trouble The rehabilitation efficacy of person.
The application sets flexible pull wire using bracing wire fixed disk and bracing wire rotating disc, and bracing wire shaft fixes upper limb and fixes dress It puts, realizes that shoulder joint kinesitherapy angle and resistance are proportional;The ball that flexible pull wire both ends are set is stuck in bracing wire fixed disk and bracing wire What the edge of rotating disc was set axially penetrates through in slot, realizes that the quick of flexible pull wire removes or increase, easily changes the shoulder of patient Joint motions resistance;Bracing wire shaft, using quick fixation or back-off assembly, realizes linking arm with upper limb fixing device coupling part With the quick-replaceable of bracing wire shaft;Using three kinds of replaceable upper limb fixing devices, realize above and below patient's shoulder joint, swing And the training needs of inside and outside rotation;Angular transducer is installed between bracing wire shaft and bracing wire fixed disk, detects patient's shoulder in real time The speed of shoulder joint kinesitherapy, realizes the assessment to the shoulder joint kinesitherapy of patient at the angle of portion's movement and calculating.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to:For shoulder dysfunction caused by cranial vascular disease, arthrotrauma, brain wound Personnel patient provide a kind of shoulder joint up and down, swing and inside and outside rotation, movement angle and the proportional shoulder joint of resistance Rehabilitation training and apparatus for evaluating.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:A kind of healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating, including pedestal 1, angle Regulating arm 3, upper limb fixing device, vertical columns 2 on the pedestal 1, column 2 are vertically set, fixed on column 2 to slide Set 4, fixed position of the sliding sleeve 4 on column 2 can adjust, one end of direct or indirect fixed angle regulating arm 3 on sliding sleeve 4, and And 2 angle degree of angle adjustment arm 3 and column can adjust, the other end fixed support body 9 of angle adjustment arm 3, on supporter 9 Fixed bracing wire fixed disk 20, the lower end of the centre bore rotation connection bracing wire shaft 23 of bracing wire fixed disk 20, bracing wire shaft 23 it is upper Bracing wire rotating disc 21 is fixed in portion, and bracing wire shaft 23 is fixed upper limb by fast joint structure through 21 upper end of bracing wire rotating disc and fixed Device, several flexible pull wire both ends are fixedly connected respectively with bracing wire fixed disk 20 and bracing wire rotating disc 21, and flexible pull wire Radical can adjust, angular transducer is installed between bracing wire shaft and bracing wire fixed disk, be provided on the column 2 loss of weight dress It puts, for the weight of offset angle regulating arm 3 and upper limb fixing device.
The structure of one end of direct or indirect fixed angle regulating arm 3 is on sliding sleeve 4:The 4 front side outer surface of sliding sleeve The fixed fixed disc 5, the center secured adjusted arm axle 19 of fixed disc 5, angle adjustment arm 3 and rotating circular disc 6 are with adjusting The front end rotation connection of joint arm axis 19,3 upper end of angle adjustment arm fix rotating circular disc 6, rotation are provided on fixed disc 5 The fixing device of disk 6, the fixation being used to implement after the 2 angle degree adjustment of angle adjustment arm 3 and column.
The structure that the fixing device of rotating disc 6 is provided on fixed disc 5 is:Half is provided in the rotating circular disc 6 It is circular to axially penetrate through slot 601, it axially penetrates through slot 601 and is coaxially disposed with adjusting arm axle 19, disk holding screw 18 is passed through and compressed After gasket 17, through being screwed after slot 601 in the threaded hole two set on fixed disc 5, the diameter of compress gasket 17 is big In the groove width for axially penetrating through slot 601, by screwing disk holding screw 18, compress gasket 17,17 compression axis of compress gasket are compressed To through the both sides of slot 601.
The structure that weight reducing device is provided on the column 2 is:The one of loss of weight bracing wire 11 is fixed on the sliding sleeve 4 End, loss of weight bracing wire 44 bypass its other end fixed weight block 15 after fixed pulley 12, and clump weight 15 and the endoporus of sliding sleeve 4 slide company It connects, the fixed pulley is rotatably installed in the middle part of pulley spindle 13, and the left and right sides of sliding axle 13 is fixed on pulley yoke 14, sliding Wheel carrier 14 is fixed on the upper end of column 2.
The structure that the flexible pull wire both ends are fixedly connected respectively with bracing wire fixed disk 20 and bracing wire rotating disc 21 is:Institute The circumferential outer edge for the bracing wire rotating disc 21 stated is evenly distributed with each and every one several axial gaps 1, outside 20 circumference of bracing wire fixed disk Edge is evenly distributed with several axial gaps 2 201, and the axial gap 1,2 201 quantity of axial gap are equal and vertically square To one-to-one corresponding, upper and lower corresponding axial gap 1, axial gap 2 201 install a flexible pull wire 8, the elasticity The length of bracing wire 8 is less than 21 upper surface of bracing wire rotating disc to the distance of 20 lower surface of bracing wire fixed disk, 8 liang of the flexible pull wire End is both provided with ball 801, and the diameter of ball 801 is more than axial gap 1, the width of axial gap 2 201, is used to implement The ball 801 of 8 upper/lower terminal of flexible pull wire is stuck in axial gap 1, on axial gap 2 201.
Bracing wire shaft 23 is fixed fast in upper limb fixing device through 21 upper end of bracing wire rotating disc by fast joint structure Fast connection structure is:23 upper end of bracing wire shaft is hollow structure, offers and passes through on front side of 23 upper end of bracing wire shaft It wears to the axial gap 3 233 at center, 233 both sides of axial gap are stretched out vertical beam 232 to front side, set on both sides vertical beam 232 There is shaft tight fixed bolt 24, to realize that screwing shaft tight fixed bolt 24 makes axial gap 3 233 narrow and clamp upper limb and fix One 221 lower end of connecting shaft on device one is provided with semicircular indentations 231 in the circumferential direction in the bracing wire shaft 23, Semicircular indentations 231 are located at the lower end of axial gap 3 233, are used to implement the bracing wire shaft at 231 top position of semicircular indentations 23 easy flexible deformations easily fix or unclamp upper limb fixing device one.
Angle dial one is posted on the fixed disc 5, the numerical value position of angle dial one is with axially penetrating through slot 601 on arm axle 19 is adjusted axisymmetricly, is realized and is rotated when adjusting angle adjustment arm 3, and the numerical value of angle dial one is from axial direction It is revealed in slot 601, enables the patient to read the deflection angle of angle adjustment arm 3, different patients is facilitated to use.
Fixed position adjustable structure of the sliding sleeve 4 on column 2 be:Column 2 is square hollow-core construction, sliding sleeve The outer wall of 4 square inner bore and column 2 is slidably connected, and 401 endoporus of cylindrical projection set on sliding sleeve 4 is to be through to sliding sleeve inner wall Threaded hole one, sliding sleeve tight fixed bolt 10 is screwed in the internal thread hole one of cylindrical projection 401, for fixing sliding sleeve 4 in column 2 On or loosen sliding sleeve 4, realize that the fixed position slided on column 2 is adjusted.
The upper limb fixing device include upper limb fixing device one, upper limb fixing device 1 include connecting shaft 1, Handle 1, the lower end of 23 fixed connection shaft 1 of bracing wire shaft, one 221 upper end fixed cross beam 1 of connecting shaft Left end, fixed small fupport arm 1 on the upside of the left end of crossbeam 1 fixes forearm bandage 1, crossbeam in small fupport arm 1 One 224 right part is slidably connected 226 endoporus of hand sliding sleeve, and the hand tight fixed bolt 227 is set on hand sliding sleeve 226, uses In fixed position of the adjustment hand sliding sleeve 226 on crossbeam 1, fixed handle 1 on the upside of 226 outer surface of hand sliding sleeve.
The upper limb fixing device includes upper limb fixing device two, and the upper limb fixing device 2 26 includes connecting shaft 2 268, crossbeam 2 262, sliding beam 263, handle 2 265, the lower end of 23 fixed connection shaft 2 268 of bracing wire shaft, institute The middle part of the upper end fixed cross beam 2 262 for the connecting shaft 2 268 stated, the upside of crossbeam 2 262 are slidably connected sliding beam 263, slide Cant beam 267 is fixed in one side of beam 263, and cant beam 267 is stretched out along the extending direction of sliding beam 263, top, and 267 upper end of cant beam turns Dynamic connection handle support axis 266,266 fixed handle bracket 2 264 of handle support axis, fixed handle two on handle support 2 264 265。
The upper limb fixing device include upper limb fixing device three, upper limb fixing device 3 27 include connecting shaft 3 271, Hand is fixed in handle 3 273, the lower end of 23 fixed connection shaft 3 271 of bracing wire shaft, 3 271 upper end of connecting shaft Bracket 272, fixed handle 3 273 on hand bracket 272.
Rack 25 is provided on the column 2, putting hole is provided on rack 25, dress is fixed for fixing upper limb It puts.
The left and right sides of the sliding sleeve 4 is provided with sliding sleeve handle 402, and for lifting sliding sleeve 4 when grasps.
The upper end of the column 2 is equipped with protective cover 7, for covering fixed pulley 12.
The flexible pull wire is 8 or 16.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
1. the application sets flexible pull wire using bracing wire fixed disk and bracing wire rotating disc, bracing wire shaft fixes upper limb fixing device, Realize that shoulder joint kinesitherapy angle and resistance are proportional;
What 2. the edge that the ball that flexible pull wire both ends are set is stuck in bracing wire fixed disk and bracing wire rotating disc was set axially penetrates through slot It is interior, it realizes that the quick of flexible pull wire removes or increase, easily changes the shoulder joint kinesitherapy resistance of patient;
3. bracing wire shaft, using quick fixation or back-off assembly, realizes that linking arm turns with bracing wire with upper limb fixing device coupling part The quick-replaceable of axis;
4. use three kinds of replaceable upper limb fixing devices, realize patient shoulder joint up and down, swing and inside and outside rotation Training needs;
5. be equipped with angular transducer between bracing wire shaft and bracing wire fixed disk, detect in real time patient's head movement angle and The speed of shoulder joint kinesitherapy at calculating, realizes the assessment to the shoulder joint kinesitherapy of patient.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall construction drawing of healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating.
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of the height adjusting part point of healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating.
Fig. 3 is the loss of weight part-structure schematic diagram of healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating.
Fig. 4 is healing and training shoulder joint and the fixed structure diagram of apparatus for evaluating angle adjustment arm.
Fig. 5 is the structure diagram of resistance device.
Fig. 6 is the structure diagram that resistance device is connected with upper limb fixing device one.
Fig. 7 is the structure diagram that resistance portion fixes upper limb fixing device.
Fig. 8 is the structure diagram of upper limb fixing device two.
Fig. 9 is the structure diagram that resistance device is connected with upper limb fixing device two.
Figure 10 is the structure diagram of upper limb fixing device three.
Figure 11 is the structure diagram that resistance device is connected with upper limb fixing device three.
Figure 12 is the structure diagram that rack fixes upper limb fixing device one, two, three.
Specific embodiment
Such as Fig. 1-12, a kind of healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating, including pedestal 1, column 2, angle adjustment arm 3, vertical Column sliding sleeve 4, fixed disc 5, rotating circular disc 6, protective cover 7, flexible pull wire 8, supporter 9, sliding sleeve tight fixed bolt 10, loss of weight bracing wire 11st, fixed pulley 12, pulley spindle 13, pulley yoke 14, clump weight 15, compress gasket 17, disk holding screw 18, adjust arm axle 19, Bracing wire fixed disk 20, bracing wire rotating disc 21, upper limb fixing device 1, bracing wire shaft 23, shaft tight fixed bolt 24, rack 25th, upper limb fixing device 2 26, upper limb fixing device 3 27, the lower end of the 1 upper surface vertical columns 2 of pedestal, 2 edge of column Vertical direction is set, and column 2 is square hollow-core construction, and the outer wall of the square inner bore and column 2 of sliding sleeve 4 is slidably connected, on sliding sleeve 4 401 endoporus of cylindrical projection of setting is the threaded hole one for being through to sliding sleeve inner wall, is screwed in the internal thread hole one of cylindrical projection 401 Sliding sleeve tight fixed bolt 10 for fixing sliding sleeve 4 in column 2 or loosening sliding sleeve 4, realizes the fixed bit slided on column 2 It puts adjustable.The left and right sides of sliding sleeve 4 is provided with sliding sleeve handle 402, and for lifting sliding sleeve 4 when grasps.
The fixed disc 5 is fixed in the 4 front side outer surface of sliding sleeve, and 4 rear side surface of sliding sleeve fixes loss of weight One end of bracing wire 11, loss of weight bracing wire 44 bypass its other end fixed weight block 15 after fixed pulley 12, and clump weight 15 is interior with sliding sleeve 4 Hole is slidably connected, and the fixed pulley is rotatably installed in the middle part of pulley spindle 13, and the left and right sides of sliding axle 13 is fixed on pulley On frame 14, pulley yoke 14 is fixed on the upper end of column 2, and the upper end of column 2 is equipped with protective cover 7, for covering fixed pulley 12, makes Healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating are more attractive.
The rear end of the circular central position secured adjusted arm axle 19 of the fixed disc 5,3 upper end of angle adjustment arm Rear side surface is fixed rotating circular disc 6, angle adjustment arm 3 and rotating circular disc 6 and is rotatablely connected with adjusting the front end of arm axle 19, described Be provided in rotating circular disc 6 it is semicircular axially penetrate through slot 601, axially penetrate through slot 601 with adjust arm axle 19 be coaxially disposed, disk Through after compress gasket 17 on holding screw 18, through screwing the threaded hole two that is set on fixed disc 5 after slot 601 Interior, by screwing disk holding screw 18, compression compress gasket 17, compress gasket 17 compresses the both sides for axially penetrating through slot 601, Gu Determine rotating circular disc 6, the diameter of compress gasket 17 is more than the groove width for axially penetrating through slot 601, unscrews disk holding screw 18, loosen reality Existing rotating circular disc 6, angle adjustment arm 3 turn to suitable position around arm axle 19 is adjusted, and realize that angle adjustment arm 19 is fixed on fixation On disk 5, it is adjusted compared with the deflection angle of fixed disc 5.Angle dial one, angle are posted on the fixed disc It realizes with axially penetrating through slot 601 on arm axle 19 is adjusted axisymmetricly and rotates adjusting angular adjustment in the numerical value position of dial one During arm 3, the numerical value of angle dial one is revealed from axially penetrating through in slot 601, enables the patient to read angle adjustment arm 3 Deflection angle facilitates different patients to use.
Bracing wire is fixed in the rear side surface of the lower end fixed support body 9 of the angle adjustment arm 3, the upper surface of supporter 9 Fixed disk 20, the lower end of the centre bore rotation connection bracing wire shaft 23 of bracing wire fixed disk 20, the top of bracing wire shaft 23, which is fixed, draws Line rotating disc 21, bracing wire shaft 23 fix upper limb fixing device 1 through 21 upper end of bracing wire rotating disc.
Such as Fig. 5-6, the circumferential outer edge of the bracing wire rotating disc 21 is evenly distributed with 16 axial gaps 1, the bracing wire 20 circumferential outer edge of fixed disk is evenly distributed with 16 axial gaps 2 201, and the axial gap 1, axial gap 2 201 are vertically Direction corresponds, and upper and lower corresponding axial gap 1, axial gap 2 201 are equipped with a flexible pull wire 8, described The length of flexible pull wire 8 is less than 21 upper surface of bracing wire rotating disc to the distance of 20 lower surface of bracing wire fixed disk, the elasticity drawing 8 both ends of line are both provided with ball 801, and the diameter of ball 801 is more than axial gap 1, the width of axial gap 2 201, uses Axial gap 1 is stuck in the ball 801 for realizing 8 upper/lower terminal of flexible pull wire, on axial gap 2 201, is realized and is drawn When line rotating disc 21 rotates, flexible pull wire 8 provides elastic resistance.
Such as Fig. 6-7, when the shoulder joint strength of patient is small and weak, tensile elasticity bracing wire 8 is lacked from axial gap 1, axial direction Flexible pull wire 8 is removed at 2 201 interval of mouth, and 8 flexible pull wires are removed in Fig. 6, when patient's upper limb drives 23 rotation of bracing wire shaft, are carried The resistance of confession becomes smaller, and with the recovery of patient's shoulder joint strength, improves, tensile elasticity bracing wire 8 is placed on axial gap 1, axis Into notch 2 201, flexible pull wire 8 is unclamped, the ball 801 at both ends is stuck in axial gap 1, on axial gap 2 201, Increase patient's shoulder joint kinesitherapy resistance, using 8 both ends of flexible pull wire ball 801 and along the vertical direction correspond set Put axial gap 1, the both ends of the realization flexible pull wire 8 of axial gap 2 201 and bracing wire rotating disc 21 and bracing wire fixed disk 20 Be fixedly connected, realizing quick remove of flexible pull wire 8 increases.23 upper end of bracing wire shaft is hollow structure, described The axial gap 3 233 at the center of being through to is offered on front side of 23 upper end of bracing wire shaft, 233 both sides of axial gap are stretched out to front side Vertical beam 232 is provided with shaft tight fixed bolt 24 on both sides vertical beam 232, to realize that screwing shaft tight fixed bolt 24 makes axial lack Mouth 3 233 narrows and clamps one 221 lower end of connecting shaft on upper limb fixing device one, and edge is provided in the bracing wire shaft 23 The semicircular indentations 231 of circumferencial direction, semicircular indentations 231 are located at the lower end of axial gap 3 233, are used to implement semicircle lack The 23 easy flexible deformation of bracing wire shaft at 231 top positions of mouth, easily fixes or unclamps upper limb fixing device one.
The upper limb fixing device 1 includes connecting shaft 1, crossbeam 1, small fupport arm 1, forearm bandage One 223, handle 1, hand sliding sleeve 226, hand tight fixed bolt 227, pointer 1, the upper end of the connecting shaft 1 The left end of fixed cross beam 1, the left end upside of crossbeam 1 fix small fupport arm 1, forearm are fixed in small fupport arm 1 Bandage 1, the right part of crossbeam 1 are slidably connected 226 endoporus of hand sliding sleeve, and the hand is set on hand sliding sleeve 226 Tight fixed bolt 227, for adjusting fixed position of the hand sliding sleeve 226 on crossbeam 1,226 outer surface of hand sliding sleeve upside Fixed handle 1, the left side lower section of the crossbeam 1 are provided with the pointer 1 extended downwardly, bracing wire rotating disc 21 Upper surface is fixed with angle dial two, and pointer 1 is used to indicate the initial angle of patient's shoulder joint training, facilitates different trouble Record adapts to the initial angle of patient when person reuses.
The rotatable parts of the 23 lower end fixed angle sensor of bracing wire shaft, 20 fixed angle of bracing wire fixed disk sensing When the housing or fixed component of device, patient's healing and training shoulder joint or assessment, consolidate for detecting bracing wire shaft 23 compared with bracing wire 20 deflection angle of price fixing, so as to detect the movement angle of patient's shoulder joint.
Such as Fig. 8, the upper limb fixing device 2 26 includes connecting shaft 2 268, crossbeam 2 262, sliding beam 263, handle Bracket 2 264, handle 2 265, handle support axis 266, cant beam 267, pointer 2 261, on 2 268 upper end of connecting shaft The middle part of fixed cross beam 2 262 is held, be slidably connected sliding beam 263 on the upside of crossbeam 2 262, and a side of sliding beam 263 is fixed tiltedly Beam 267, cant beam 267 are stretched out along the extending direction of sliding beam 263, top, 267 upper end of cant beam rotation connection handle support axis 266, 266 fixed handle bracket 2 264 of handle support axis, fixed handle 2 265 on handle support 2 264,2 268 lower part of connecting shaft is set It is equipped with the pointer 2 261 extended downwardly.
Such as Fig. 9, adjust the angle regulating arm 3 and be horizontally oriented, upper limb fixing device 2 26 is fixed in 23 upper end of bracing wire shaft Sliding beam is slided in middle 2 268 lower end of connecting shaft, patient back towards the left side of column 2, the right-hand grip handle 2 265 of patient 263 front-rear direction sliding position makes the shoulder joint of patient be overlapped with the central axis of connecting shaft 2 268, above and below patient's upper limb It swings, realizes the strength building that the shoulder joint of patient is swung up and down.
Such as Figure 10, the upper limb fixing device 3 27 includes connecting shaft 3 271, hand bracket 272, handle 3 273, refers to Hand bracket 272 is fixed in pin 3 274,3 271 upper end of connecting shaft, fixed handle 3 273 on hand bracket 272, connection 3 271 lower part of axis is provided with the pointer 3 274 extended downwardly.
Such as Figure 11, adjust the angle regulating arm 3 and be horizontally oriented, upper limb fixing device 3 27 is fixed in 23 upper end of bracing wire shaft Middle 3 271 lower end of connecting shaft, patient face supporter 9, and right-hand grip handle 3 273 adjusts the height of sliding sleeve 4, makes patient's Shoulder joint is overlapped with the central axis of connecting shaft 3 271, and patient's upper limb does inside, outside torsion, realize in patient's shoulder joint, Outside twist motion training.
Fixed placement frame 25 on rear side of 2 lower end of column is set, the putting hole of horizontal direction is provided on rack 25 One 251 and putting hole 2 252, the putting hole 3 253 of vertical direction, it is respectively used to the company of fixed upper limb fixing device 1 Spindle 1, the connecting shaft 2 268 of upper limb fixing device 2 26, the connecting shaft 3 271 of upper limb fixing device 3 27, work as patient When need not train, upper limb fixing device 1, upper limb fixing device 2 26, upper limb fixing device 3 27 are fixed on rack It is fixed on 25, it is necessary to remove upper limb fixing device 1 when shoulder joint swings trained in bracing wire shaft 23, other two Upper limb fixing device is fixed on rack 25, and it is solid that upper limb fixing device 2 26 is removed when shoulder joint is needed to swing up and down trained It is scheduled in bracing wire shaft 23, other two upper limb fixing device is fixed on rack 25, is instructed when needing to reverse inside and outside shoulder joint Upper limb fixing device 3 27 is removed when practicing to be fixed in bracing wire shaft 23, other two upper limb fixing device is fixed on rack 25 On.
When patient needs to train right shoulder joint, when right shoulder joint swings trained, patient stand or branch is sitting in 9 left side of support body unscrews disk holding screw 18, adjusts the angle regulating arm 3 in vertical state or according to the comfortable of patient Degree adjusts the angle the corner dimension of regulating arm 3 and column 2, screws disk holding screw 18, and fixed sliding sleeve 4 fixes upper limb One 221 lower end of connecting shaft of device 1 is inserted into the circular hole of 23 upper end of bracing wire shaft, and the elbow joint of patient is placed on forearm In support 1, one 224 initial angle of crossbeam is adjusted, improves the comfort level of patient, locking shaft tight fixed bolt 24, bracing wire shaft 23 upper end circular holes are fixedly clamped connecting shaft 1, unscrew sliding sleeve tight fixed bolt 10, adjust the height of sliding sleeve 4, and the right side of patient is big Arm is conllinear with connecting shaft 1, and the shoulder joint of patient is made to be located on the axis of connecting shaft 1, unscrews hand tight fixed bolt 227, sliding position of the adjustment hand sliding sleeve 226 on crossbeam 1 adapts to the position of patient hand, the right hand hand-to-hand grip of patient Handle 1 screws hand tight fixed bolt 227 and fixes hand sliding sleeve 226, and upper limb swings on the right side of patient, drives bracing wire shaft 23 rotate, and fixed bracing wire rotating disc 21 rotates in bracing wire shaft 23, and the traction elongation of flexible pull wire 8 provides resistance, realizes patient The upper limb angle that swings it is directly proportional to the resistance being subject to, the rehabilitation training if left shoulder joint of patient swings, only It needs patient stand or is sitting in 9 right side of supporter, remaining adjustment swings identical with right shoulder joint.
When patient needs that right shoulder joint is trained to swing up and down trained, the right side that regulating arm 3 is in column 2 is adjusted the angle Side, and it is horizontally oriented or is adjusted the angle according to the level of comfort of patient the corner dimension of regulating arm 3 and column 2, adjustment 2 268 lower end of connecting shaft of upper limb fixing device 2 26, patient back direction are fixed in the height of sliding sleeve 4,23 upper end of bracing wire shaft The left side of column 2, the right-hand grip handle 2 265 of patient adjust the front-rear direction sliding position of sliding beam 263, make patient's Shoulder joint is overlapped with the central axis of connecting shaft 2 268, and patient's upper limb is swung up and down, and realizes that the shoulder joint of patient is swung up and down Strength building.If the left shoulder joint of patient swings up and down training, the left side that regulating arm 3 is in column 2 is adjusted the angle, and is located In horizontal direction or according to the level of comfort of patient adjustment angle regulating arm 3 and the corner dimension of column 2, patient back direction The right side of column 2, remaining adjustment swing up and down identical with right shoulder joint.
When patient's right shoulder joint needs inside, outside twist motion, the right side that regulating arm 3 is in column 2 is adjusted the angle Side, and it is horizontally oriented or is adjusted the angle according to the level of comfort of patient the corner dimension of regulating arm 3 and column 2, bracing wire 3 271 lower end of connecting shaft in upper limb fixing device 3 27 is fixed in 23 upper end of shaft, and patient faces supporter 9, right-hand grip handle 3 273, adjust sliding sleeve 4 height, the shoulder joint of patient is made to be overlapped with the central axis of connecting shaft 3 271, patient's upper limb do to Interior, outside torsion is realized in patient's shoulder joint, outside twist motion training.If the left shoulder joint of patient inwardly, to During outer twist motion, adjust the angle regulating arm 3 and be in the left side of column 2, and be horizontally oriented or according to the comfortable of patient Degree adjusts the angle the corner dimension of regulating arm 3 and column 2, and Patients Patients face supporter 9, remaining adjustment and right shoulder joint Need inside, outside twist motion identical.
If the shoulder joint strength of patient is small and weak, tensile elasticity bracing wire 8, from axial gap 1, axial gap two Flexible pull wire 8 is removed at 201 intervals, and when patient's upper limb drives 23 rotation of bracing wire shaft, resistance becomes smaller, with patient's shoulder joint strength Recovering, improve, tensile elasticity bracing wire 8 is placed on axial gap 1, in axial gap 2 201, unclamps flexible pull wire 8, The ball 801 at both ends is stuck in axial gap 1, on axial gap 2 201, increases the resistance of patient's shoulder joint kinesitherapy.

Claims (15)

1. a kind of healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating, including pedestal(1), angle adjustment arm(3), upper limb fixing device, institute The pedestal stated(1)Upper vertical columns(2), column(2)It vertically sets, column(2)Upper fixed sliding sleeve(4), sliding sleeve(4) Column(2)On fixed position can adjust, sliding sleeve(4)Upper direct or indirect fixed angle regulating arm(3)One end, and angle Regulating arm(3)With column(2)Institute's angle degree can adjust, angle adjustment arm(3)Other end fixed support body(9), supporter (9)Upper fixed bracing wire fixed disk(20), bracing wire fixed disk(20)Centre bore rotation connection bracing wire shaft(23)Lower end, bracing wire Shaft(23)Top fix bracing wire rotating disc(21), bracing wire shaft(23)Through bracing wire rotating disc(21)Upper end is by quickly connecting Binding structure fix upper limb fixing device, several flexible pull wire both ends respectively with bracing wire fixed disk(20)With bracing wire rotating disc(21) It is fixedly connected, and the radical of flexible pull wire can adjust, and angular transducer is equipped between bracing wire shaft and bracing wire fixed disk, it is described Column(2)On be provided with weight reducing device, for offset angle regulating arm(3)With the weight of upper limb fixing device.
2. healing and training shoulder joint according to claim 1 and apparatus for evaluating, it is characterised in that:Sliding sleeve(4)It is upper directly or Indirect fixed angle regulating arm(3)The structure of one end be:The sliding sleeve(4)The fixed disc is fixed in front side outer surface (5), fixed disc(5)Center secured adjusted arm axle(19), angle adjustment arm(3)And rotating circular disc(6)With adjusting arm axle (19)Front end rotation connection, the angle adjustment arm(3)Rotating circular disc is fixed in upper end(6), fixed disc(5)On be provided with turn Moving plate(6)Fixing device, be used to implement angle adjustment arm(3)With column(2)Fixation after institute's angle degree adjustment.
3. healing and training shoulder joint according to claim 2 and apparatus for evaluating, it is characterised in that:Fixed disc(5)On set It is equipped with rotating disc(6)The structure of fixing device be:The rotating circular disc(6)On be provided with and semicircular axially penetrate through slot (601), axially penetrate through slot(601)With adjusting arm axle(19)Coaxial arrangement, disk holding screw(18)Through compress gasket(17) Afterwards, through through slot(601)After screw in fixed disc(5)In the threaded hole two of upper setting, compress gasket(17)Diameter it is big In axially penetrating through slot(601)Groove width, by screwing disk holding screw(18), compress compress gasket(17), compress gasket (17)Compression axially penetrates through slot(601)Both sides.
4. healing and training shoulder joint according to claim 1 and apparatus for evaluating, it is characterised in that:The column(2)On The structure for being provided with weight reducing device is:The sliding sleeve(4)Upper fixed loss of weight bracing wire(11)One end, loss of weight bracing wire(44)It bypasses Fixed pulley(12)Its other end fixed weight block afterwards(15), clump weight(15)With sliding sleeve(4)Endoporus be slidably connected, described determines Pulley rotation is mounted on pulley spindle(13)Middle part, sliding axle(13)The left and right sides be fixed on pulley yoke(14)On, pulley yoke (14)It is fixed on column(2)Upper end.
5. healing and training shoulder joint according to claim 1 and apparatus for evaluating, it is characterised in that:The flexible pull wire two End respectively with bracing wire fixed disk(20)With bracing wire rotating disc(21)The structure being fixedly connected is:The bracing wire rotating disc(21)'s Circumferential outer edge is evenly distributed with each and every one several axial gaps one(211), the bracing wire fixed disk(20)Circumferential outer edge is evenly distributed with several axis To notch two(201), the axial gap one(211), axial gap two(201)Quantity is equal and one a pair of along the vertical direction Should, upper and lower corresponding axial gap one(211), axial gap two(201)A piece flexible pull wire is installed(8), described elasticity drawing Line(8)Length be less than bracing wire rotating disc(21)Upper surface is to bracing wire fixed disk(20)The distance of lower surface, the elasticity drawing Line(8)Both ends are both provided with ball(801), ball(801)Diameter be more than axial gap one(211), axial gap two(201) Width, be used to implement flexible pull wire(8)The ball of upper/lower terminal(801)It is stuck in axial gap one(211), axial lack Mouth two(201)On.
6. healing and training shoulder joint according to claim 1 and apparatus for evaluating, it is characterised in that:Bracing wire shaft(23)It passes through Bracing wire rotating disc(21)Upper end is by the fast joint structure that fast joint structure is fixed in upper limb fixing device:The drawing Line shaft(23)Upper end is hollow structure, the bracing wire shaft(23)The axial gap at the center of being through to is offered on front side of upper end Three(233), axial gap(233)Vertical beam is stretched out in both sides to front side(232), both sides vertical beam(232)On be provided with shaft tightening Bolt(24), shaft tight fixed bolt is screwed to realize(24)Make axial gap three(233)Narrow and clamp upper limb fixing device Connecting shaft one on one(221)Lower end, the bracing wire shaft(23)On be provided with semicircular indentations in the circumferential direction (231), semicircular indentations(231)Positioned at axial gap three(233)Lower end, be used to implement semicircular indentations(231)Upper portion The bracing wire shaft of position(23)Easy flexible deformation easily fixes or unclamps upper limb fixing device one.
7. healing and training shoulder joint according to claim 3 and apparatus for evaluating, it is characterised in that:The fixed disc (5)On post angle dial one, the numerical value position of angle dial one and axially penetrate through slot(601)On adjusting arm axle(19) Axisymmetricly, realize to rotate and adjust angle adjustment arm(3)When, the numerical value of angle dial one is from axially penetrating through slot(601)It is interior aobvious Expose, enable the patient to read angle adjustment arm(3)Deflection angle, different patients is facilitated to use.
8. according to claim 1-7 any one of them healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating, it is characterised in that:The cunning Set(4)In column(2)On the adjustable structure in fixed position be:Column(2)Be square hollow-core construction, sliding sleeve(4)It is square Endoporus and column(2)Outer wall be slidably connected, sliding sleeve(4)The cylindrical projection of upper setting(401)Endoporus is to be through to sliding sleeve inner wall Threaded hole one, cylindrical projection(401)Internal thread hole one in screw sliding sleeve tight fixed bolt(10), for fixing sliding sleeve(4) Column(2)On or loosen sliding sleeve(4), realize and slide over column(2)On fixed position be adjusted.
9. according to claim 1-7 any one of them healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating, it is characterised in that:Described is upper Limb fixing device includes upper limb fixing device one, upper limb fixing device one(22)Including connecting shaft one(221), handle one(225), The bracing wire shaft(23)Fixed connection shaft one(221)Lower end, connecting shaft one(221)Upper end fixed cross beam one(224)'s Left end, crossbeam one(224)Left end on the upside of fixed small fupport arm one(222), small fupport arm one(222)Upper fixed forearm bandage one (223), crossbeam one(224)Right part be slidably connected hand sliding sleeve(226)Endoporus, hand sliding sleeve(226)Hand described in upper setting Portion's tight fixed bolt(227), for adjusting hand sliding sleeve(226)In crossbeam one(224)On fixed position, hand sliding sleeve(226) Fixed handle one on the upside of outer surface(225).
10. according to claim 1-7 any one of them healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating, it is characterised in that:Described Upper limb fixing device includes upper limb fixing device two, the upper limb fixing device two(26)Including connecting shaft two(268), crossbeam Two(262), sliding beam(263), handle two(265), the bracing wire shaft(23)Fixed connection shaft two(268)Lower end, institute The connecting shaft two stated(268)Upper end fixed cross beam two(262)Middle part, crossbeam two(262)Upside is slidably connected sliding beam (263), sliding beam(263)A side fix cant beam(267), cant beam(267)Along sliding beam(263)Extending direction, top It stretches out, cant beam(267)Upper end is rotatablely connected handle support axis(266), handle support axis(266)Fixed handle bracket two(264), Handle support two(264)Upper fixed handle two(265).
11. according to claim 1-7 any one of them healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating, it is characterised in that:Described Upper limb fixing device includes upper limb fixing device three, upper limb fixing device three(27)Including connecting shaft three(271), handle three (273), the bracing wire shaft(23)Fixed connection shaft three(271)Lower end, the connecting shaft three(271)Hand is fixed in upper end Portion's bracket(272), hand bracket(272)Upper fixed handle three(273).
12. according to claim 1-7 any one of them healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating, it is characterised in that:Described Column(2)On be provided with rack(25), rack(25)On be provided with putting hole, for fixing upper limb fixing device.
13. according to claim 1-7 any one of them healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating, it is characterised in that:Described Sliding sleeve(4)The left and right sides be provided with sliding sleeve handle(402), for lifting sliding sleeve(4)When grasp.
14. according to claim 1-7 any one of them healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating, it is characterised in that:Described Column(2)Upper end protective cover is installed(7), for covering fixed pulley(12).
15. according to claim 1-7 any one of them healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating, it is characterised in that:Described Flexible pull wire is 8 or 16.
CN201810155957.1A 2018-02-24 2018-02-24 A kind of healing and training shoulder joint and apparatus for evaluating Pending CN108079490A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108654007A (en) * 2018-06-19 2018-10-16 武汉理工大学 It is a kind of to stretch the column robot assisted device restored for upper limb
CN111013103A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-17 武汉尚诚源健康科技有限公司 Wall-hanging rotatory function training ware of resistance adjustable

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108654007A (en) * 2018-06-19 2018-10-16 武汉理工大学 It is a kind of to stretch the column robot assisted device restored for upper limb
CN111013103A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-17 武汉尚诚源健康科技有限公司 Wall-hanging rotatory function training ware of resistance adjustable

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