CN108076942A - A kind of cultural method of selenium-enriched vine tea - Google Patents

A kind of cultural method of selenium-enriched vine tea Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108076942A
CN108076942A CN201711340657.2A CN201711340657A CN108076942A CN 108076942 A CN108076942 A CN 108076942A CN 201711340657 A CN201711340657 A CN 201711340657A CN 108076942 A CN108076942 A CN 108076942A
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China
Prior art keywords
branch
vine tea
cuttage
leaf
soil
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CN201711340657.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄光昱
陈永波
胡百顺
李卫东
刘金龙
刘淑琴
秦邦
陈武宽
邹平
陈娥
熊倩
张朝阳
朱云芬
明佳佳
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Enshi Tujia And Miao Autonomous Prefecture Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
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Enshi Tujia And Miao Autonomous Prefecture Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
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Priority to CN201711340657.2A priority Critical patent/CN108076942A/en
Publication of CN108076942A publication Critical patent/CN108076942A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of cultural methods of selenium-enriched vine tea, it is characterised in that step is as follows:A. the cuttage winter stores;B. field prepares;C. cuttage;D. field management;E. apply fertilizer;F. main diseases and insect pests are prevented;G. harvest;H. store.By using a kind of cultural method of selenium-enriched vine tea of the present invention, grow seedling link is reduced, straight cutting building well improves efficiency, reduces production cost, adds the plucking time of 1 year vine tea;Branch survival rate is increased to more than 85% by survival rate of seedling 40 50%, and Se content reaches selenium-rich standard, and can improve vine tea added value, enhances one's market competitiveness.

Description

A kind of cultural method of selenium-enriched vine tea
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cultural methods of selenium-enriched vine tea.
Background technology
Vine tea is commonly called as Doanngo tea, long-lived rattan, rattan mother-in-law tea, dragon beard tea, is the tender stem of Vitaceae Ampelopsis ampelopsis grossdentata Leaf.Vine tea is distributed mainly on the provinces and regions such as Guangdong, Guangxi on the south China Yangtze river basin, Hunan, Jiangxi, Fujian, Yunnan, Guizhou, Vine tea plant is distributed mainly on Mountainous Region of Southwest Hubei in Hubei Province, and the Laifeng County of particularly Enshi abounds with wild vine tea, this area Equal congener ampelopsis, Ampelopsis etc. is also distributed in addition to distribution ampelopsis grossdentata (vine tea).In vine tea Containing substantial amounts of flavone compound, main substance is dihydromyricetin, it is up to 73.3%- to the clearance rate of free radical 91.5%, the damage of body internal oxidition can be mitigated, there is anti-aging, the formation of internal thrombus can be inhibited, had to reducing blood lipid Effect unique.Show through authoritative institutions' detections such as national tealeaves, nutrition, materia medica researchs:Vine tea is also necessary containing 19 kinds of human bodies Nutrition and trace element.Its calcium, iron, content of magnesium are high, to arrhythmia cordis, myocardial ischemia, hypertension, coronary heart disease, dynamic The angiocardiopathies such as pulse atherosclerosis have preferable prevention effect, there is good health-care effect to osteoporosis.
Wu Qi thousand, Chen Xiaofei etc. in the patent of related vine tea cultivation《A kind of vine tea cultural method》Provide it is a kind of from Field planting, built, prophase management, trimming, fertilizer and water management to the management method picked tea-leaves;Chen Xiao three patents of phenanthrene provide vine tea nursery To the correlation technique of field planting, field management, wherein《Vine tea cuttage breeding method》Provide the ripe branch for choosing vine tea plant As a kind of propagation method of cutting,《Vine tea nursery field method for sorting》Field nursery method of soil preparation is provided,《Vine tea is cultivated Management method》Provide cut after Seeding planting, top dressing, pinching mode etc..The selenium-enriching cultivation of vine tea retrieves correlation not yet Patent or relevant criterion.
Trace element necessary to selenium is humans and animals, is one of most active biological active elements.Since people in 1818 Since class finds that selenium has Animal nutrition effect for the first time, the mankind are good for the metabolism of selenium, the biosynthesis of selenoprotein, selenium and human body Health and the toxicity of selenium conduct in-depth research, and have been acknowledged that the biological action of selenium is mainly played by selenoprotein and make With.From the point of view of the biological action of selenium, relatively more definite function mainly has at present:It is anti-oxidant, anti-aging;Enhancing is immune;Ensure The vigor of sperm;Pre- preventing tumor;Participate in the metabolism of hormone;Prevent Keshan disease, Kaschin-Beck disease;It is athero- to prevent vascular diseases such as artery Hardening;Toxicity of antagonism heavy metal ion etc..Purposes is also extremely wide in the industry for selenium.
Although Enshi possesses finds that the Se-enriched bio circle two of only independent Se fractionation and whole world maximum is big so far in the world World-class resource, but because selenium maldistribution of the resources, Se content block differs greatly in soil and water body, and the vine tea of production contains Selenium amount is extremely unstable, and most area grows vine tea and selenium-rich standard is not achieved naturally.Simultaneously as the production not standardized, Seedling resource deficiency, seedling is numerous to there is no method to adapt to industry development demand completely for ability, and wild resource is excessively picked, and is caused unordered Excessively exploitation phenomenon is serious.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of cultural methods of selenium-enriched vine tea.
A kind of cultural method of selenium-enriched vine tea of the present invention, it is characterised in that step is as follows:A. the cuttage winter stores:Branch is whole Reason:December, vine tea select branch after having fallen leaf, and branch must be without disconnected branch, dry branch, miscellaneous branch, and branch requirement color and luster is normal, no inspection Epidemic disease harmful organism;The branch winter stores:Branch upper end is cut into 45 degree of anti-backwater of angle from bud 0.5cm during beta pruning, and lower end, which is cut into, to be beneficial to The flat mouth more taken root, branch length ensure in more than 40cm, and the vine tea branch sheared is planted in greenhouse;
B. field prepares:Field selects:Select height above sea level 400-800m, below 25 degree of the gradient, content of organic matter 1.5%- 2.0%, pH value 5.5-6.5, irrigation and drainage are convenient, the deep sandy loam hillside fields of soil layer and mountainous region building well;Soil disinfection:It is miscellaneous in field When grass, insect are more, soil acidification improvement can be combined, appropriate quick lime is spread in field;Field arranges:A hoe is deep-cut in full garden weeding Site preparation encloses ditch, Yao Gou, compartment ditch and ditch ditch is wanted to communicate, and beneficial to draining, ridge-forming and fertilizing, by line-spacing 110cm line ridgings, ridge is high to be unearthed 100kg Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizers are admixed the organic of 1000kg well-rotted farmyard manures or the content of organic matter 40% by face 25-30cm per acre Fertile 75kg applications;Overlay film:Ridge is covered with the black film and Double-color film of more than 0.12mm, heat and moisture preserving improves striking of cutting rate, simultaneously Management of weeds;
C. cuttage:The branch cutting crop field of rudiment in greenhouse is chosen after lunar calendar the beginning of spring, terminates cuttage before the lunar calendar Spring Equinox; Cuttage:Spacing in the rows 40cm, 1500 plants, more than cuttage embedded depth 20cm of mu cuttage, 1 cun of base manure of branch lower end isolation avoid causing rotten The root and stem of certain plants is short of seedling;And ensure that at least two bud exposes native face;
D. field management:Topping and built:Start to pinch when seedling young sprout grows to 20-30cm, be beaten later every 10 days Top 1 time, timely built is answered when vine tea grows to 30-50cm;Tillage and weeding:Tillage and weeding during vine tea rudiment 10-15cm long to branch, Every 30 days tillage and weedings 1 time, the 7-8 months stop weeding;Water conservation moisturizing:Keeping soil, chance is done in vine tea entire growth period moistening Drought is poured water, and meets heavy rain draining prevention against water-logging;Winter cuts:Late November, vine tea breeding time terminate substantially, and Teng's tea branch blade is all fallen leaves Afterwards, the in due course winter is answered to cut, repairs and removes extra branch, arrange tree-like;
E. apply fertilizer:Base manure:Vine tea breeding time applies fertilizer 2-3 times, creates during garden base manure arranges in seedbed and applies, ripe Garden base manure cuts post-trenching deep placement in the annual winter, ditch depth 20cm, per acre 1500-3000kg well-rotted farmyard manures or the content of organic matter 40% organic fertilizer 150-200kg, timely blinding after fertilising;It is selenium nutrition-intensified:When in soil, the winter is turned over, 100kg selenium-rich is given birth to per acre Organic fertilizer is mixed into base manure application;10-15 days before picking, fine day afternoon is selected, using selenium-enriched trace element fertilizer material foliage-spray, Dosage 3-5g per acre is watered 50kg and uniformly sprays;
F. main diseases and insect pests are prevented:Bacillary, stem, leaf corruption epidemic prevention and control:With the bacillary medicament S-Ethyl ethylthio sulfonate of prevention, sulfuric acid Streptomysin;Control of nematode:Soil treatment before field planting:It is watered to plough after spreading fertilizer over the fields with natural pyrethrum and be buried, it is also possible to above-mentioned medicine Agent is watered, and on field planting row both sides, trench digging is applied or applied with planting pit, and soil is mixed after dispenser prevents root system from directly being contacted with medicament, More fields, crop rotation insect prevention life occur for nematode;
G. harvest:The plucking time of vine tea is the 4-10 months:Adopt dragon and single leaf, the 9-10 months Cai Puye 4-8 months;Reject whole stalk With miscellaneous leaf;
H. store:It to be placed in the cool after picking vine tea tender shoots stem apex and fresh leaf, and receive green grass or young crops in time, transport tea processing factory to.
A kind of cultural method of selenium-enriched vine tea of the present invention, it is characterised in that step is as follows:A. the cuttage winter stores:Branch is whole Reason:December, vine tea select branch, I grade of branch after having fallen leaf:Adopt perennial branch, stem is thick >=0.5cm, stem length >=40cm;II grade Branch:Preferably adopt perennial branch, stem is thick >=0.3cm, stem length >=40cm, and stem slightly refers to the maximum gauge of vine tea cuttage branch base portion, stem The long maximum length for referring to vine tea cuttage branch;Branch must be without disconnected branch, dry branch, miscellaneous branch, and branch requirement color and luster is normal, no quarantine Property harmful organism;The branch winter stores:Branch upper end is cut into 45 degree of anti-backwater of angle from bud 0.5cm during beta pruning, and lower end is cut into beneficial to more The flat mouth taken root, branch length ensure in more than 40cm, and cutting is bundled into wisp convenient for carrying, often ties 50-100, shearing Vine tea branch solution bundle temporary planting in greenhouse, pay attention in fine day high temperature and rainy day low temperature switch greenhouse, regulate the temperature in canopy Humidity, it is ensured that branch does not go rotten, is withered, and after " the beginning of spring ", rudiment a batch cuttage a batch to crop field is favourable to improve the straight skewer building well in crop field Survival rate;
B. field prepares:Field selects:Select height above sea level 400-800m, below 25 degree of the gradient, content of organic matter 1.5%- 2.0%, pH value 5.5-6.5, irrigation and drainage are convenient, the deep sandy loam hillside fields of soil layer and mountainous region building well, select ecological condition good, Away from industrial and mining enterprises, station terminal, highway communication thoroughfare pollution sources, pernicious gas is avoided to pollute;Soil disinfection:It is miscellaneous in field When grass, insect are more, soil acidification improvement can be combined, appropriate quick lime is spread in field;Field arranges:A hoe is deep-cut in full garden weeding Site preparation encloses ditch, Yao Gou, compartment ditch and ditch ditch is wanted to communicate, and beneficial to draining, ridge-forming and fertilizing, by line-spacing 110cm line ridgings, ridge is high to be unearthed 100kg Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizers are admixed the organic of 1000kg well-rotted farmyard manures or the content of organic matter 40% by face 25-30cm per acre Fertile 75kg applications;Overlay film:Ridge is covered with the black film and Double-color film of more than 0.12mm, heat and moisture preserving improves striking of cutting rate, simultaneously Management of weeds;
C. cuttage:The branch cutting crop field of rudiment in greenhouse is chosen after lunar calendar the beginning of spring, terminates cuttage before the lunar calendar Spring Equinox; Rooting powder solution soaks branch:The ratio of rooting powder solution may be referred to the explanation of specific brand root-inducing powder, generally according to root of hair difficulty or ease Degree determines the time impregnated, and the current growth time for being easier to take root can be shorter, it is more difficult to take root it is annual more than The branch time can be longer, and leaching branch only soaks base portion, notices that general root-inducing powder cannot all be reinstated with basic agent one;It is classified skewer It inserts:Spacing in the rows 40cm, 1500 plants of mu cuttage, the cuttage of level-one seedling together, the cuttage of two level seedling together, cuttage embedded depth 20cm with On, isolation 1 cun of base manure in branch lower end avoids that the rotten root and stem of certain plants is caused to be short of seedling;And ensure that at least two bud exposes native face;
D. field management:Topping and built:Start to pinch when seedling young sprout grows to 20-30cm, be beaten later every 10 days Top 1 time, timely built is answered when vine tea grows to 30-50cm, based on shed frame type built, supplemented by fence type built, shed frame type is taken Frame, built material preferably select bamboo, are whittled within long 2m, width 2cm, the blunt neat bamboo cane in both ends, spacing 1m, and mu needs built bamboo cane 300, at frame both sides are liftoff 20cm and center is fixed with thin wood pole or fine bamboo rod, is barricaded as frame naturally with sharp vine tea;Intertillage removes Grass:Tillage and weeding during vine tea rudiment 10-15cm long to branch, every 30 days tillage and weedings 1 time, the 7-8 months stop weeding, beneficial to " three The hot summer days " moisturizing;Water conservation moisturizing:Keeping soil, chance arid is poured water, and meets heavy rain draining prevention against water-logging in vine tea entire growth period moistening;Winter It cuts:Late November, vine tea breeding time terminate substantially, and Teng's tea branch blade all after fallen leaves, answers the in due course winter to cut, and it is extra to repair removal Branch is arranged tree-like;
E. apply fertilizer:Base manure:Vine tea breeding time applies fertilizer 2-3 times, creates during garden base manure arranges in seedbed and applies, ripe Garden base manure cuts post-trenching deep placement in the annual winter, ditch depth 20cm, per acre 1500-3000kg well-rotted farmyard manures or the content of organic matter 40% organic fertilizer 150-200kg, timely blinding after fertilising;It is selenium nutrition-intensified:When in soil, the winter is turned over, 100kg selenium-rich is given birth to per acre Organic fertilizer is mixed into base manure application;10-15 days before picking, fine day afternoon is selected, using selenium-enriched trace element fertilizer material foliage-spray, Dosage 3-5g per acre is watered 50kg and uniformly sprays;
F. main diseases and insect pests are prevented:Bacillary, stem, leaf corruption epidemic prevention and control:With the bacillary medicament S-Ethyl ethylthio sulfonate of prevention, sulfuric acid Streptomysin;Control of nematode:Soil treatment before field planting:It is watered to plough after spreading fertilizer over the fields with natural pyrethrum and be buried, it is also possible to above-mentioned medicine Agent is watered, and on field planting row both sides, trench digging is applied or applied with planting pit, and soil is mixed after dispenser prevents root system from directly being contacted with medicament, More fields, crop rotation insect prevention life occur for nematode;
G. harvest:The plucking time of vine tea is the 4-10 months:Adopt dragon and single leaf, the 9-10 months Cai Puye 4-8 months;Vine tea is picked Shi Caiyong handles are adopted, it is impossible to be smoothed out with the fingers and be adopted, turn round and adopt, seize to adopt and grab and adopt, not adopt and hinder bud-leaf, adopt broken blade, not adopt lower old leaf, keep bud-leaf Completely, it is fresh, uniform;Classification picking:It is formed and is classified according to bud-leaf, two buds of palpus are superfine;One bud, one leaf to two leaves and a bud is Level-one;It is two level that two leaves and a bud is just opened up to two leaves and a bud, remaining is three-level;Reject whole stalk and miscellaneous leaf;
H. store:It to be placed in the cool after picking vine tea tender shoots stem apex and fresh leaf, and receive green grass or young crops in time, transport tea processing factory to;Fortune Blue or green container should clean, ventilative, free from extraneous odour;During transporting fresh leaf, when stacking, can not weight;It should be taken in transportational process effectively Measure avoids exposing to the sun and rain, and it is rotten to prevent that fever from reddening, should not load in mixture mixed fortune with poisonous and harmful and easy to pollute article, prevent Contaminated, middle-long distance transport should use cold storage establishment.
The combination of vine tea and selenium is to promote to build ecological selenium-rich garden, implements the important load of specialty economies growth pole strategy Body is the needs for driving local economic development and farmer richness.To promote the development of selenium-enriched vine tea industry, promote to ask for above-mentioned Topic is it is necessary to provide a kind of cultural method of selenium-enriched vine tea, improves Se content.
Past needs nearly year using vine tea seedling raising manners, not only adds cost, but also delays vine tea picking In period, in recent years, by carrying out correlation test to vine tea straight cutting building techniques and selenium-enriching cultivation, the present invention provides a kind of efficient Vine tea straight cutting building techniques and selenium-enriching cultivation method.
The method have the benefit that:By using a kind of cultural method of selenium-enriched vine tea of the present invention, reduce and educate Seedling link, straight cutting building well, improves efficiency, reduces production cost, adds the plucking time of 1 year vine tea;Branch survival rate More than 85% is increased to by survival rate of seedling 40-50%, Se content reaches selenium-rich standard, and can improve vine tea added value, enhancing The market competitiveness.The fresh bud yield of selenium-enriched vine tea is up to 25-50kg, leaf tea 350-500kg, only by picking fresh bud 25kg, leaf per acre Tea 350kg, can produce dry young tea leaves 5kg (2000 yuan/kg of unit price), and leaf tea 60kg, 120 yuan/kg of unit price not only reduce 2500 per acre The production cost of member, and add more than 17000 yuan of income.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, the technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, Obviously, described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based in the present invention Embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art's all other embodiments obtained without making creative work, all Belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of cultural method of selenium-enriched vine tea, step are as follows:
A. the cuttage winter stores:Branch arranges:December, vine tea select branch, I grade of branch after having fallen leaf:Perennial branch is adopted, Stem is thick >=0.5cm, stem length >=40cm;II grade of branch:Preferably adopt perennial branch, stem is thick >=0.3cm, stem length >=40cm, and stem slightly refers to The maximum gauge of vine tea cuttage branch base portion, stem length refer to the maximum length of vine tea cuttage branch;Branch must without disconnected branch, dry branch, Miscellaneous branch, branch requirement color and luster is normal, no quarantine harmful organisms;The branch winter stores:Branch upper end is cut into 45 from bud 0.5cm during beta pruning The anti-backwater of angle is spent, lower end is cut into beneficial to the flat mouth more taken root, and branch length ensures in more than 40cm, and cutting is bundled into wisp just In carrying, 50-100 are often tied, the vine tea branch solution bundle temporary planting sheared in greenhouse, is noted in fine day high temperature and rainy day low temperature Meaning switch greenhouse, regulates the humiture in canopy, it is ensured that branch does not go rotten, is withered, and after " the beginning of spring ", rudiment a batch cuttage a batch arrives Crop field, it is favourable to improve the straight skewer building well survival rate in crop field;
B. field prepares:Field selects:Select height above sea level 400-800m, below 25 degree of the gradient, content of organic matter 1.5%- 2.0%, pH value 5.5-6.5, irrigation and drainage are convenient, the deep sandy loam hillside fields of soil layer and mountainous region building well, select ecological condition good, Away from industrial and mining enterprises, station terminal, highway communication thoroughfare pollution sources, pernicious gas is avoided to pollute;Soil disinfection:It is miscellaneous in field When grass, insect are more, soil acidification improvement can be combined, appropriate quick lime is spread in field;Field arranges:A hoe is deep-cut in full garden weeding Site preparation encloses ditch, Yao Gou, compartment ditch and ditch ditch is wanted to communicate, and beneficial to draining, ridge-forming and fertilizing, by line-spacing 110cm line ridgings, ridge is high to be unearthed 100kg Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizers are admixed the organic of 1000kg well-rotted farmyard manures or the content of organic matter 40% by face 25-30cm per acre Fertile 75kg applications;Overlay film:Ridge is covered with the black film and Double-color film of more than 0.12mm, heat and moisture preserving improves striking of cutting rate, simultaneously Management of weeds;
C. cuttage:The branch cutting crop field of rudiment in greenhouse is chosen after lunar calendar the beginning of spring, terminates cuttage before the lunar calendar Spring Equinox; Rooting powder solution soaks branch:The ratio of rooting powder solution may be referred to the explanation of specific brand root-inducing powder, generally according to root of hair difficulty or ease Degree determines the time impregnated, and the current growth time for being easier to take root can be shorter, it is more difficult to take root it is annual more than The branch time can be longer, and leaching branch only soaks base portion, notices that general root-inducing powder cannot all be reinstated with basic agent one;It is classified skewer It inserts:Spacing in the rows 40cm, 1500 plants of mu cuttage, the cuttage of level-one seedling together, the cuttage of two level seedling together, cuttage embedded depth 20cm with On, isolation 1 cun of base manure in branch lower end avoids that the rotten root and stem of certain plants is caused to be short of seedling;And ensure that at least two bud exposes native face;
D. field management:Topping and built:Start to pinch when seedling young sprout grows to 20-30cm, be beaten later every 10 days Top 1 time, timely built is answered when vine tea grows to 30-50cm, based on shed frame type built, supplemented by fence type built, shed frame type is taken Frame, built material preferably select bamboo, are whittled within long 2m, width 2cm, the blunt neat bamboo cane in both ends, spacing 1m, and mu needs built bamboo cane 300, at frame both sides are liftoff 20cm and center is fixed with thin wood pole or fine bamboo rod, is barricaded as frame naturally with sharp vine tea;Intertillage removes Grass:Tillage and weeding during vine tea rudiment 10-15cm long to branch, every 30 days tillage and weedings 1 time, the 7-8 months stop weeding, beneficial to " three The hot summer days " moisturizing;Water conservation moisturizing:Keeping soil, chance arid is poured water, and meets heavy rain draining prevention against water-logging in vine tea entire growth period moistening;Winter It cuts:Late November, vine tea breeding time terminate substantially, and Teng's tea branch blade all after fallen leaves, answers the in due course winter to cut, and it is extra to repair removal Branch is arranged tree-like;
E. apply fertilizer:Base manure:Vine tea breeding time applies fertilizer 2-3 times, creates during garden base manure arranges in seedbed and applies, ripe Garden base manure cuts post-trenching deep placement in the annual winter, ditch depth 20cm, per acre 1500-3000kg well-rotted farmyard manures or the content of organic matter 40% organic fertilizer 150-200kg, timely blinding after fertilising;It is selenium nutrition-intensified:When in soil, the winter is turned over, 100kg selenium-rich is given birth to per acre Organic fertilizer is mixed into base manure application;10-15 days before picking, fine day afternoon is selected, using selenium-enriched trace element fertilizer material foliage-spray, Dosage 3-5g per acre is watered 50kg and uniformly sprays;
F. main diseases and insect pests are prevented:Bacillary, stem, leaf corruption epidemic prevention and control:With the bacillary medicament S-Ethyl ethylthio sulfonate of prevention, sulfuric acid Streptomysin;Control of nematode:Soil treatment before field planting:It is watered to plough after spreading fertilizer over the fields with natural pyrethrum and be buried, it is also possible to above-mentioned medicine Agent is watered, and on field planting row both sides, trench digging is applied or applied with planting pit, and soil is mixed after dispenser prevents root system from directly being contacted with medicament, More fields, crop rotation insect prevention life occur for nematode;
G. harvest:The plucking time of vine tea is the 4-10 months:Adopt dragon and single leaf, the 9-10 months Cai Puye 4-8 months;Vine tea is picked Shi Caiyong handles are adopted, it is impossible to be smoothed out with the fingers and be adopted, turn round and adopt, seize to adopt and grab and adopt, not adopt and hinder bud-leaf, adopt broken blade, not adopt lower old leaf, keep bud-leaf Completely, it is fresh, uniform;Classification picking:It is formed and is classified according to bud-leaf, two buds of palpus are superfine;One bud, one leaf to two leaves and a bud is Level-one;It is two level that two leaves and a bud is just opened up to two leaves and a bud, remaining is three-level;Reject whole stalk and miscellaneous leaf;
H. store:It to be placed in the cool after picking vine tea tender shoots stem apex and fresh leaf, and receive green grass or young crops in time, transport tea processing factory to;Fortune Blue or green container should clean, ventilative, free from extraneous odour;During transporting fresh leaf, when stacking, can not weight;It should be taken in transportational process effectively Measure avoids exposing to the sun and rain, and it is rotten to prevent that fever from reddening, should not load in mixture mixed fortune with poisonous and harmful and easy to pollute article, prevent Contaminated, middle-long distance transport should use cold storage establishment.
A kind of cultural method of 2 selenium-enriched vine tea of embodiment, step are as follows:
1st, the cuttage winter stores
(1) branch arranges.To December, vine tea selects branch after having fallen leaf.I grade of branch, adopting perennial branch is advisable, and stem is thick >=0.5cm, stem length >=40cm;II grade of branch preferably adopts perennial branch, and stem is thick >=0.3cm, stem length >=40cm, and stem slightly refers to vine tea The maximum gauge of cuttage branch base portion, stem length refer to the maximum length of vine tea cuttage branch.The branch purchased must be without disconnected branch, dry Branch, miscellaneous branch.Branch requirement color and luster is normal, no quarantine harmful organisms.
(2) the branch winter stores.Branch upper end is cut into 45 degree of anti-backwater of angle from bud 0.5cm during beta pruning, and lower end is cut into flat mouth (profit Take root in more), branch length ensures in more than 40cm.Cutting is bundled into wisp, often ties 50-100.Branch is cut into winter storage, The vine tea branch solution bundle temporary planting sheared in greenhouse, pay attention to switching greenhouse in fine day high temperature and rainy day low temperature, regulate canopy Interior humiture, it is ensured that branch does not go rotten, is withered.After " the beginning of spring ", it is straight favorably to improve crop field for rudiment a batch cuttage a batch to crop field Skewer building well survival rate.
2nd, field prepares
(1) field selects.Select height above sea level 400-800m, below 25 degree of the gradient, the content of organic matter 1.5%-2.0%, PH Value 5.5-6.5, irrigation and drainage are convenient, the deep sandy loam hillside fields of soil layer and mountainous region building well.Select ecological condition good, away from pollution Source such as industrial and mineral factory (Bricks and Tiles Plant, coking plant), station terminal, highway communication thoroughfare etc., avoid pernicious gas from polluting.
(2) soil disinfection.Weeds, insect can combine soil acidification and administer, appropriate life is spread in field when more in field Lime.
(3) field arranges.Site preparation:A hoe is deep-cut in full garden weeding, encloses ditch, Yao Gou, compartment ditch and ditch ditch is wanted to communicate, beneficial to draining. Ridge-forming and fertilizing, by line-spacing 110cm line ridgings, the high unearthed face 25-30cm in ridge.100kg Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizers are admixed per acre 1000kg well-rotted farmyard manures or the organic fertilizer 75kg of the content of organic matter 40% applications.
(4) overlay film:Ridge is covered with the black film and Double-color film of more than 0.12mm (12 silks), heat and moisture preserving improves the striking of cutting Rate, while management of weeds.
3rd, cuttage." the beginning of spring " chooses the branch cutting crop field of rudiment in greenhouse afterwards, strives for terminating cuttage before " Spring Equinox ".
(1) rooting powder solution leaching branch:The ratio of rooting powder solution may be referred to the explanation of specific brand root-inducing powder, generally The time impregnated is determined according to root of hair complexity, the current growth time for being easier to take root can be shorter, more difficult to take root The annual Yi Shang branch time can be longer, leaching branch only soak base portion.Notice that general root-inducing powder all cannot be with basic agent one It reinstates.
(2) it is classified cuttage.Spacing in the rows 40cm, 1500 plants of mu cutting density.The cuttage of level-one seedling is together, two level seedling cuttage is one It rises.More than cuttage embedded depth 20cm, 1 cun or so of base manure of branch lower end isolation, avoids that the rotten root and stem of certain plants is caused to be short of seedling;And ensure at least two Bud exposes native face.
4th, field management.
(1) topping and built.Start to pinch when seedling young sprout grows to 20-30cm, pinch 1 time every 10d later.Work as rattan Tea answers timely built when growing to 30-50cm, based on shed frame type built, supplemented by fence type built.Shed frame type built, built material Preferably select bamboo, be whittled within long 2m, width 2cm, the blunt neat bamboo cane in both ends, 1m mus of spacing needs built bamboo cane 300, frame both sides from At ground 20cm and center is fixed with thin wood pole and fine bamboo rod, is barricaded as frame naturally with sharp vine tea.
(2) tillage and weeding.Tillage and weeding during vine tea rudiment 10-15cm long to branch, every 30d tillage and weedings 1 time, the 7-8 months Stop weeding, beneficial to " dog days " moisturizing.
(3) water conservation moisturizing.Keeping soil, chance arid is poured water, and meets heavy rain draining prevention against water-logging in vine tea entire growth period moistening.
(4) winter cuts.Late November, vine tea breeding time terminate substantially, and Teng's tea branch blade all after fallen leaves, answers the in due course winter It cuts, repairs and remove extra branch, arrange tree-like.
5th, apply fertilizer
(1) base manure.Vine tea breeding time applies fertilizer 2-3 times.Newly-built garden base manure applies during being arranged in seedbed.Ripe garden Base manure cuts post-trenching deep placement, ditch depth 20cm or so in the annual winter, per acre 1500-000kg well-rotted farmyard manures or the content of organic matter 40% organic fertilizer 150-200kg, timely blinding after fertilising.
(2) it is selenium nutrition-intensified.When the winter is turned in soil, 100kg Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizers are mixed into base manure application per acre.
10-15d or so before picking selects fine day afternoon, using selenium-enriched trace element fertilizer material foliage-spray, dosage 3- per acre 5g is watered 50kg and uniformly sprays.
6th, main diseases and insect pests are prevented
(1) bacillary, stem, leaf corruption epidemic prevention and control
Common prevention bacillary medicament such as S-Ethyl ethylthio sulfonate (garlic P.E), (sulfuric acid) streptomysin etc..
(2) control of nematode
Soil treatment before field planting:Optional natural pyrethrum is watered spread fertilizer over the fields after plough and bury.Also can be converted with above-mentioned medicament Water, on field planting row both sides, trench digging is applied or applied with planting pit, and soil is mixed after dispenser prevents root system from directly being contacted with medicament.Nematode More fields, crop rotation insect prevention life occurs.
7th, harvest
The plucking time of vine tea is the 4-10 months:Adopt dragon and single leaf, the 9-10 months Cai Puye 4-8 months.Vine tea uses when picking Handle is adopted, it is impossible to smooth out with the fingers and adopt, turn round and adopt, seize to adopt and grab and adopt, do not adopt and hinder bud-leaf, adopt broken blade, do not adopt lower old leaf, keep bud-leaf it is complete, It is fresh, uniform, classification picking.It is formed and is classified according to bud-leaf, two buds of palpus are superfine;One bud, one leaf to two leaves and a bud is level-one; It is two level that two leaves and a bud is just opened up to two leaves and a bud, remaining is three-level.Reject whole stalk and miscellaneous leaf.
8th, store.It to be placed in the cool after picking vine tea tender shoots stem apex and fresh leaf, and receive green grass or young crops in time, transport tea processing factory to;Fortune Blue or green container should clean, ventilative, free from extraneous odour;During transporting fresh leaf, when stacking, can not weight;It should be taken in transportational process effectively Measure avoids exposing to the sun and rain, and it is rotten to prevent that fever from reddening, should not load in mixture mixed fortune with poisonous and harmful and easy to pollute article, prevent Contaminated, middle-long distance transport should use cold storage establishment.
A kind of cultural method of 3 selenium-enriched vine tea of embodiment, step are as follows:
1st, the cuttage winter stores
(1) branch arranges.To December, vine tea selects branch after having fallen leaf.I grade of branch, adopting perennial branch is advisable, and stem is thick >=0.5cm, stem length >=40cm;II grade of branch preferably adopts perennial branch, and stem is thick >=0.3cm, stem length >=40cm, and stem slightly refers to vine tea The maximum gauge of cuttage branch base portion, stem length refer to the maximum length of vine tea cuttage branch.The branch purchased must be without disconnected branch, dry Branch, miscellaneous branch.Branch requirement color and luster is normal, no quarantine harmful organisms.
(2) the branch winter stores.Branch upper end is cut into 45 degree of anti-backwater of angle from bud 0.5cm during beta pruning, and lower end is cut into flat mouth (profit Take root in more), branch length ensures in more than 40cm.Cutting is bundled into wisp, often ties 50-100.Branch is cut into winter storage, The vine tea branch solution bundle temporary planting sheared in greenhouse, pay attention to switching greenhouse in fine day high temperature and rainy day low temperature, regulate canopy Interior humiture, it is ensured that branch does not go rotten, is withered.After " the beginning of spring ", it is straight favorably to improve crop field for rudiment a batch cuttage a batch to crop field Skewer building well survival rate.
2nd, field prepares
(1) field selects.Select height above sea level 400-800m, below 25 degree of the gradient, the content of organic matter 1.5%-2.0%, PH Value 5.5-6.5, irrigation and drainage are convenient, the deep sandy loam hillside fields of soil layer and mountainous region building well.Select ecological condition good, away from pollution Source such as industrial and mineral factory (Bricks and Tiles Plant, coking plant), station terminal, highway communication thoroughfare etc., avoid pernicious gas from polluting.
(2) soil disinfection.Weeds, insect can combine soil acidification and administer, appropriate life is spread in field when more in field Lime.
(3) field arranges.Site preparation:A hoe is deep-cut in full garden weeding, encloses ditch, Yao Gou, compartment ditch and ditch ditch is wanted to communicate, beneficial to draining. Ridge-forming and fertilizing, by line-spacing 110cm line ridgings, the high unearthed face 25-30cm in ridge.100kg Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizers are admixed per acre 1000kg well-rotted farmyard manures or the organic fertilizer 75kg of the content of organic matter 40% applications.
(4) overlay film:Ridge is covered with the black film and Double-color film of more than 0.12mm (12 silks), heat and moisture preserving improves the striking of cutting Rate, while management of weeds.
3rd, cuttage." the beginning of spring " chooses the branch cutting crop field of rudiment in greenhouse afterwards, strives for terminating cuttage before " Spring Equinox ".
(1) rooting powder solution leaching branch:The ratio of rooting powder solution may be referred to the explanation of specific brand root-inducing powder, generally The time impregnated is determined according to root of hair complexity, the current growth time for being easier to take root can be shorter, more difficult to take root The annual Yi Shang branch time can be longer, leaching branch only soak base portion.Notice that general root-inducing powder all cannot be with basic agent one It reinstates.
(2) it is classified cuttage.Spacing in the rows 40cm, 1500 plants of mu cuttage.The cuttage of level-one seedling together, the cuttage of two level seedling together. More than cuttage embedded depth 20cm, 1 cun or so of base manure of branch lower end isolation, avoids that the rotten root and stem of certain plants is caused to be short of seedling;And ensure that at least two bud reveals The face of being unearthed.
4th, field management.
(1) topping and built.Start to pinch when seedling young sprout grows to 20-30cm, pinch 1 time every 10d later.Work as rattan Tea answers timely built when growing to 30-50cm, based on shed frame type built, supplemented by fence type built.Shed frame type built, built material Preferably select bamboo, be whittled within long 2m, width 2cm, the blunt neat bamboo cane in both ends, 1m mus of spacing needs built bamboo cane 300, frame both sides from At ground 20cm and center is fixed with thin wood pole and fine bamboo rod, is barricaded as frame naturally with sharp vine tea.
(2) tillage and weeding.Tillage and weeding during vine tea rudiment 10-15cm long to branch, every 30d tillage and weedings 1 time, the 7-8 months Stop weeding, beneficial to " dog days " moisturizing.
(3) water conservation moisturizing.Keeping soil, chance arid is poured water, and meets heavy rain draining prevention against water-logging in vine tea entire growth period moistening.
(4) winter cuts.Late November, vine tea breeding time terminate substantially, and Teng's tea branch blade all after fallen leaves, answers the in due course winter It cuts, repairs and remove extra branch, arrange tree-like.
5th, apply fertilizer
(1) base manure.Vine tea breeding time applies fertilizer 2-3 times.Newly-built garden base manure applies during being arranged in seedbed.Ripe garden Base manure cuts post-trenching deep placement, ditch depth 20cm or so in the annual winter, per acre 1500-3000kg well-rotted farmyard manures or the content of organic matter 40% organic fertilizer 150-200kg, timely blinding after fertilising.
(2) it is selenium nutrition-intensified.When the winter is turned in soil, 100kg Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizers are mixed into base manure application per acre.
10-15d or so before picking selects fine day afternoon, using selenium-enriched trace element fertilizer material foliage-spray, dosage 3- per acre 5g is watered 50kg and uniformly sprays.
6th, main diseases and insect pests are prevented
(1) bacillary, stem, leaf corruption epidemic prevention and control
Common prevention bacillary medicament such as S-Ethyl ethylthio sulfonate (garlic P.E), (sulfuric acid) streptomysin etc..
(2) control of nematode
Soil treatment before field planting:Optional natural pyrethrum is watered spread fertilizer over the fields after plough and bury.Also can be converted with above-mentioned medicament Water, on field planting row both sides, trench digging is applied or applied with planting pit, and soil is mixed after dispenser prevents root system from directly being contacted with medicament.Nematode More fields, crop rotation insect prevention life occurs.
7th, harvest
The plucking time of vine tea is the 4-10 months:Adopt dragon and single leaf, the 9-10 months Cai Puye 4-8 months.Vine tea uses when picking Handle is adopted, it is impossible to smooth out with the fingers and adopt, turn round and adopt, seize to adopt and grab and adopt, do not adopt and hinder bud-leaf, adopt broken blade, do not adopt lower old leaf, keep bud-leaf it is complete, It is fresh, uniform, classification picking.It is formed and is classified according to bud-leaf, two buds of palpus are superfine;One bud, one leaf to two leaves and a bud is level-one; It is two level that two leaves and a bud is just opened up to two leaves and a bud, remaining is three-level.Reject whole stalk and miscellaneous leaf.
8th, store.It to be placed in the cool after picking vine tea tender shoots stem apex and fresh leaf, and receive green grass or young crops in time, transport tea processing factory to;Fortune Blue or green container should clean, ventilative, free from extraneous odour;During transporting fresh leaf, when stacking, can not weight;It should be taken in transportational process effectively Measure avoids exposing to the sun and rain, and it is rotten to prevent that fever from reddening, should not load in mixture mixed fortune with poisonous and harmful and easy to pollute article, prevent Contaminated, middle-long distance transport should use cold storage establishment.
It is right for those of ordinary skill in the art although using up out and describing the embodiment of the present invention, can with Understand can not from the present invention manage and essence can cocoa under can pair can a bit embodiment progress it is a variety of change, repair, for for It is replaced with change, the scope of the present invention is originally determined by the following claims and their equivalents.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of cultural method of selenium-enriched vine tea, it is characterised in that step is as follows:
A. the cuttage winter stores:Branch arranges:In December, vine tea, which has fallen, selects branch after leaf, and branch must be without disconnected branch, dry branch, miscellaneous Branch, branch requirement color and luster is normal, no quarantine harmful organisms;The branch winter stores:Branch upper end is cut into 45 degree from bud 0.5cm during beta pruning The anti-backwater of angle, lower end are cut into beneficial to the flat mouth more taken root, and branch length ensures in more than 40cm, and the vine tea branch sheared is false It plants in greenhouse;
B. field prepares:Field selects:Select height above sea level 400-800m, below 25 degree of the gradient, content of organic matter 1.5%- 2.0%, pH value 5.5-6.5, irrigation and drainage are convenient, the deep sandy loam hillside fields of soil layer and mountainous region building well;Soil disinfection:It is miscellaneous in field When grass, insect are more, soil acidification improvement can be combined, appropriate quick lime is spread in field;Field arranges:A hoe is deep-cut in full garden weeding Site preparation encloses ditch, Yao Gou, compartment ditch and ditch ditch is wanted to communicate, and beneficial to draining, ridge-forming and fertilizing, by line-spacing 110cm line ridgings, ridge is high to be unearthed 100kg Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizers are admixed the organic of 1000kg well-rotted farmyard manures or the content of organic matter 40% by face 25-30cm per acre Fertile 75kg applications;Overlay film:Ridge is covered with the black film and Double-color film of more than 0.12mm, heat and moisture preserving improves striking of cutting rate, simultaneously Management of weeds;
C. cuttage:The branch cutting crop field of rudiment in greenhouse is chosen after lunar calendar the beginning of spring, terminates cuttage before the lunar calendar Spring Equinox;Skewer It inserts:Spacing in the rows 40cm, 1500 plants, more than cuttage embedded depth 20cm of mu cuttage, 1 cun of base manure of branch lower end isolation avoid causing the rotten root and stem of certain plants It is short of seedling;And ensure that at least two bud exposes native face;
D. field management:Topping and built:Start to pinch when seedling young sprout grows to 20-30cm, later every topping 1 in 10 days It is secondary, timely built is answered when vine tea grows to 30-50cm;Tillage and weeding:Tillage and weeding during vine tea rudiment 10-15cm long to branch, often Every 30 days tillage and weedings 1 time, the 7-8 months stop weeding;Water conservation moisturizing:Soil is kept in the entire growth period moistening of vine tea, chance arid It pours water, meets heavy rain draining prevention against water-logging;Winter cuts:Late November, vine tea breeding time terminate substantially, after Teng's tea branch blade is all fallen leaves, The in due course winter is answered to cut, repairs and removes extra branch, arrange tree-like;
E. apply fertilizer:Base manure:Vine tea breeding time applies fertilizer 2-3 times, creates during garden base manure arranges in seedbed and applies, ripe garden Base manure cuts post-trenching deep placement in the annual winter, ditch depth 20cm, per acre 1500-3000kg well-rotted farmyard manures or the content of organic matter 40% Organic fertilizer 150-200kg, timely blinding after fertilising;It is selenium nutrition-intensified:When in soil, the winter is turned over, 100kg Se-enriched bios are had per acre Machine fertilizer is mixed into base manure application;10-15 days before picking, fine day afternoon is selected, using selenium-enriched trace element fertilizer material foliage-spray, per acre Dosage 3-5g is watered 50kg and uniformly sprays;
F. main diseases and insect pests are prevented:Bacillary, stem, leaf corruption epidemic prevention and control:With the bacillary medicament S-Ethyl ethylthio sulfonate of prevention, sulfuric acid strepto- Element;Control of nematode:Soil treatment before field planting:It is watered to plough after spreading fertilizer over the fields with natural pyrethrum and be buried, it is also possible to which above-mentioned medicament is converted Water, on field planting row both sides, trench digging is applied or applied with planting pit, and soil is mixed after dispenser prevents root system from directly being contacted with medicament, nematode More fields, crop rotation insect prevention life occurs;
G. harvest:The plucking time of vine tea is the 4-10 months:Adopt dragon and single leaf, the 9-10 months Cai Puye 4-8 months;Reject it is whole stalk and it is miscellaneous Leaf;
H. store:It to be placed in the cool after picking vine tea tender shoots stem apex and fresh leaf, and receive green grass or young crops in time, transport tea processing factory to.
2. the cultural method of a kind of selenium-enriched vine tea described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that step is as follows:
A. the cuttage winter stores:Branch arranges:December, vine tea select branch, I grade of branch after having fallen leaf:Perennial branch is adopted, stem is thick >=0.5cm, stem length >=40cm;II grade of branch:Preferably adopt perennial branch, stem is thick >=0.3cm, stem length >=40cm, and stem slightly refers to vine tea The maximum gauge of cuttage branch base portion, stem length refer to the maximum length of vine tea cuttage branch;Branch must without disconnected branch, dry branch, miscellaneous branch, Branch requirement color and luster is normal, no quarantine harmful organisms;The branch winter stores:During beta pruning branch upper end from bud 0.5cm be cut into 45 degree it is oblique The anti-backwater of mouth, lower end are cut into beneficial to the flat mouth more taken root, and branch length ensures in more than 40cm, and cutting is bundled into wisp convenient for removing Fortune often ties 50-100, the vine tea branch solution bundle temporary planting sheared in greenhouse, pays attention to out in fine day high temperature and rainy day low temperature Greenhouse is closed, regulates the humiture in canopy, it is ensured that branch does not go rotten, is withered, and after " the beginning of spring ", rudiment a batch cuttage a batch is to greatly Field, it is favourable to improve the straight skewer building well survival rate in crop field;
B. field prepares:Field selects:Select height above sea level 400-800m, below 25 degree of the gradient, content of organic matter 1.5%- 2.0%, pH value 5.5-6.5, irrigation and drainage are convenient, the deep sandy loam hillside fields of soil layer and mountainous region building well, select ecological condition good, Away from industrial and mining enterprises, station terminal, highway communication thoroughfare pollution sources, pernicious gas is avoided to pollute;Soil disinfection:It is miscellaneous in field When grass, insect are more, soil acidification improvement can be combined, appropriate quick lime is spread in field;Field arranges:A hoe is deep-cut in full garden weeding Site preparation encloses ditch, Yao Gou, compartment ditch and ditch ditch is wanted to communicate, and beneficial to draining, ridge-forming and fertilizing, by line-spacing 110cm line ridgings, ridge is high to be unearthed 100kg Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizers are admixed the organic of 1000kg well-rotted farmyard manures or the content of organic matter 40% by face 25-30cm per acre Fertile 75kg applications;Overlay film:Ridge is covered with the black film and Double-color film of more than 0.12mm, heat and moisture preserving improves striking of cutting rate, simultaneously Management of weeds;
C. cuttage:The branch cutting crop field of rudiment in greenhouse is chosen after lunar calendar the beginning of spring, terminates cuttage before the lunar calendar Spring Equinox;It takes root Powder solution soaks branch:The ratio of rooting powder solution may be referred to the explanation of specific brand root-inducing powder, generally according to root of hair complexity Come determine impregnate time, the current growth time for being easier to take root can be shorter, annual Yi Shang branch more difficult to take root Time can be longer, and leaching branch only soaks base portion, notices that general root-inducing powder cannot all be reinstated with basic agent one;It is classified cuttage:Strain Away from 40cm, 1500 plants of mu cuttage, the cuttage of level-one seedling together, the cuttage of two level seedling together, more than cuttage embedded depth 20cm, branch Lower end isolates 1 cun of base manure, avoids that the rotten root and stem of certain plants is caused to be short of seedling;And ensure that at least two bud exposes native face;
D. field management:Topping and built:Start to pinch when seedling young sprout grows to 20-30cm, later every topping 1 in 10 days It is secondary, timely built is answered when vine tea grows to 30-50cm, based on shed frame type built, supplemented by fence type built, shed frame type built, Built material preferably selects bamboo, is whittled within long 2m, width 2cm, the blunt neat bamboo cane in both ends, spacing 1m, and mu needs built bamboo cane 300 Item, at frame both sides are liftoff 20cm and center are fixed with thin wood pole or fine bamboo rod, are barricaded as frame naturally with sharp vine tea;Tillage and weeding: Tillage and weeding during vine tea rudiment 10-15cm long to branch, every 30 days tillage and weedings 1 time, the 7-8 months stop weeding, beneficial to " dog days My god " moisturizing;Water conservation moisturizing:Keeping soil, chance arid is poured water, and meets heavy rain draining prevention against water-logging in vine tea entire growth period moistening;Winter cuts: Late November, vine tea breeding time terminate substantially, and Teng's tea branch blade all after fallen leaves, answers the in due course winter to cut, and repair and remove extra branch Item is arranged tree-like;
E. apply fertilizer:Base manure:Vine tea breeding time applies fertilizer 2-3 times, creates during garden base manure arranges in seedbed and applies, ripe garden Base manure cuts post-trenching deep placement in the annual winter, ditch depth 20cm, per acre 1500-3000kg well-rotted farmyard manures or the content of organic matter 40% Organic fertilizer 150-200kg, timely blinding after fertilising;It is selenium nutrition-intensified:When in soil, the winter is turned over, 100kg Se-enriched bios are had per acre Machine fertilizer is mixed into base manure application;10-15 days before picking, fine day afternoon is selected, using selenium-enriched trace element fertilizer material foliage-spray, per acre Dosage 3-5g is watered 50kg and uniformly sprays;
F. main diseases and insect pests are prevented:Bacillary, stem, leaf corruption epidemic prevention and control:With the bacillary medicament S-Ethyl ethylthio sulfonate of prevention, sulfuric acid strepto- Element;Control of nematode:Soil treatment before field planting:It is watered to plough after spreading fertilizer over the fields with natural pyrethrum and be buried, it is also possible to which above-mentioned medicament is converted Water, on field planting row both sides, trench digging is applied or applied with planting pit, and soil is mixed after dispenser prevents root system from directly being contacted with medicament, nematode More fields, crop rotation insect prevention life occurs;
G. harvest:The plucking time of vine tea is the 4-10 months:Adopt dragon and single leaf, the 9-10 months Cai Puye 4-8 months;Vine tea is adopted when picking It is adopted with handle, it is impossible to smooth out with the fingers and adopt, turn round and adopt, seize to adopt and grab and adopt, not adopt and hinder bud-leaf, adopt broken blade, not adopt lower old leaf, keep bud-leaf complete It is whole, fresh, uniform;Classification picking:It is formed and is classified according to bud-leaf, two buds of palpus are superfine;One bud, one leaf to two leaves and a bud is one Grade;It is two level that two leaves and a bud is just opened up to two leaves and a bud, remaining is three-level;Reject whole stalk and miscellaneous leaf;
H. store:It to be placed in the cool after picking vine tea tender shoots stem apex and fresh leaf, and receive green grass or young crops in time, transport tea processing factory to;Fortune green grass or young crops Container should clean, ventilative, free from extraneous odour;During transporting fresh leaf, when stacking, can not weight;It should adopt an effective measure in transportational process It avoids exposing to the sun and rain, it is rotten to prevent that fever from reddening, should not load in mixture mixed fortune with poisonous and harmful and easy to pollute article, prevent dirty Dye, middle-long distance transport should use cold storage establishment.
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CN110169301A (en) * 2019-06-20 2019-08-27 镇江市丹徒区上党镇里墅村茶林场 A kind of implantation methods of organic imperial leaf yellow tea leaf

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