CN108072991A - It is totally reflected liquid crystal display panel - Google Patents

It is totally reflected liquid crystal display panel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108072991A
CN108072991A CN201710177124.0A CN201710177124A CN108072991A CN 108072991 A CN108072991 A CN 108072991A CN 201710177124 A CN201710177124 A CN 201710177124A CN 108072991 A CN108072991 A CN 108072991A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dot structure
4th
liquid crystal
3rd
crystal display
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710177124.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
游明璋
叶政谚
苏振豪
刘育承
Original Assignee
南京瀚宇彩欣科技有限责任公司
瀚宇彩晶股份有限公司
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Priority to CN2016110148288 priority Critical
Priority to CN201611014828 priority
Application filed by 南京瀚宇彩欣科技有限责任公司, 瀚宇彩晶股份有限公司 filed Critical 南京瀚宇彩欣科技有限责任公司
Priority claimed from US15/638,399 external-priority patent/US10504930B2/en
Publication of CN108072991A publication Critical patent/CN108072991A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/1333Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/1333Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods
    • G02F1/1343Electrodes
    • G02F1/134309Electrodes characterised by their geometrical arrangement
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/136Liquid crystal cells structurally associated with a semi-conducting layer or substrate, e.g. cells forming part of an integrated circuit
    • G02F1/1362Active matrix addressed cells

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of total reflection liquid crystal display panels, and including multiple pixel units, each pixel unit includes:First and second substrate, first and second scan line, first and second data cable, liquid crystal layer and first, second, third and the 4th dot structure.First scan line, the second scan line, the first data cable and the configuration of the second data cable are on the first substrate.First, second, third and the 4th dot structure be electrically connected respectively with one in first, second scan line and one in first, second data cable, wherein the first dot structure, the second dot structure, the 3rd dot structure and the 4th dot structure include respectively:Driving component and the reflective pixel electrode being electrically connected with driving component, and the first dot structure, the second dot structure, the reflective surface area ratio of the 3rd dot structure and the 4th dot structure are 1:2:4:8 and 2:1:4:One of 8.The present invention can be used to show 16 kinds of grayscale, to reach good visual effect.

Description

It is totally reflected liquid crystal display panel

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of liquid crystal display panel, and more particularly to a kind of total reflection liquid crystal display panel.

Background technology

In recent years, Electronic Paper (E-paper) is vigorously developed with e-book (E-book).Electronic Paper is typically with e-book Picture is shown using reflective type display apparatus, wherein used display medium includes liquid crystal, electrophoretic display medium, electroluminescent change Display medium etc. is precipitated in color colour developing medium, electrolysis, wherein the total reflection liquid crystal display with liquid crystal is concerned.It is general and Speech, if only carrying out text importing, if desired two grayscale of black and white enough, but should show the picture of tool stereovision, then black and white two Grayscale is simultaneously insufficient to.At present, total reflection liquid crystal display still has the problem of gray number deficiency is without good visual effect, Therefore gray number actually one of the target to be reached of developer how is extended.

The content of the invention

The present invention provides a kind of total reflection liquid crystal display panel, can be used to show 16 kinds of grayscale, to reach good regard Feel effect.

The total reflection liquid crystal display panel of the present invention includes multiple pixel units, wherein each pixel unit includes:First Substrate, the first scan line, the second scan line, the first data cable, the second data cable, the first dot structure, the second dot structure, Three dot structures, the 4th dot structure, second substrate and liquid crystal layer.First scan line, the second scan line, the first data cable with And second data cable configuration on the first substrate.First dot structure, the second dot structure, the 3rd dot structure and the 4th pixel Structure electrically connects respectively with one in one in the first scan line, the second scan line and the first data cable, the second data cable It connects, wherein the first dot structure, the second dot structure, the 3rd dot structure and the 4th dot structure include respectively:Driving component, And the reflective pixel electrode being electrically connected with driving component, and the first dot structure, the second dot structure, the 3rd pixel knot The reflective surface area ratio of structure and the 4th dot structure is 1:2:4:8 and 2:1:4:One of 8.Second substrate is located at first substrate To.Liquid crystal layer is arranged between first substrate and second substrate.

Based on above-mentioned, in the total reflection liquid crystal display panel of the present invention, reflective surface area is included by each pixel unit Than for 1:2:4:8 and 2:1:4:8 the first dot structure, the second dot structure, the 3rd dot structure and the 4th pictures of one of them Plain structure is totally reflected liquid crystal display panel and can show that 16 kinds of grayscale whereby, and reaches good visual effect.

To make the foregoing features and advantages of the present invention clearer and more comprehensible, embodiment cited below particularly, and attached drawing is coordinated to make Detailed description are as follows.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the upper schematic diagram of the total reflection liquid crystal display panel of the first embodiment according to the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the diagrammatic cross-section of the hatching line A-A ' in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is the upper schematic diagram of the total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to second embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the diagrammatic cross-section of the hatching line A-A ' in Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 is the diagrammatic cross-section of the hatching line B-B ' in Fig. 3;

Fig. 6 is the diagrammatic cross-section of the hatching line C-C ' in Fig. 3;

Fig. 7 is the upper schematic diagram of the total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to third embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 8 is the partial cutaway schematic of the total reflection liquid crystal display panel of the 4th embodiment according to the present invention.

Drawing reference numeral explanation:

10、20、20’、30:It is totally reflected liquid crystal display panel;

100:First substrate;

110:Second substrate;

120:Liquid crystal layer;

130:Shared electrode layer;

140:Counter electrode layer;

BM:Light-shielding pattern;

BP:Coating;

CE1~CE4:Capacitance electrode;

CE3a:First capacitance electrode part;

CE3b:Second capacitance electrode part;

CE4a:3rd capacitance electrode part;

CE4b:4th capacitance electrode part;

CH1~CH4:Channel layer;

CL1、CL2:Shared electrode wire;

CM1、CM2、CM3、CM3a、CM3b、CM4、CM4a、CM4b:Shared electrode pattern;

Cst1~Cst4:Storage capacitance;

D1~D4:Drain electrode;

DL1:First data cable;

DL2:Second data cable;

G1~G4:Grid;

GI:Gate insulation layer;

H1、H2、H3、H3a、H3b、H4、H4a、H4b:Contact hole;

P1:First dot structure;

P2:Second dot structure;

P3:3rd dot structure;

P4:4th dot structure;

PE1~PE4:Reflective pixel electrode;

PS:Separation material;

PV:Insulating layer;

S1~S4:Source electrode;

SL1:First scan line;

SL2:Second scan line;

T1~T4:Driving component;

U:Pixel unit;

Vcom:Share voltage;

X:Convex block.

Specific embodiment

Fig. 1 is the upper schematic diagram of the total reflection liquid crystal display panel of the first embodiment according to the present invention.Fig. 2 is figure The diagrammatic cross-section of hatching line A-A ' in 1.

Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, total reflection liquid crystal display panel 10 includes multiple pixel unit U.Specifically, often One pixel unit U includes first substrate 100, the first scan line SL1, the second scan line SL2, the first data cable DL1, the second data Line DL2, the first dot structure P1, the second dot structure P2, the 3rd dot structure P3, the 4th dot structure P4, second substrate 110 and liquid crystal layer 120.In addition, in the present embodiment, pixel unit U further includes shared electrode layer 130, insulating layer PV, covers Cap rock BP and counter electrode layer 140.One pixel unit U is only shown for the sake of for convenience of explanation, in Fig. 1, but it is actually complete The pixel unit U that reflective liquid crystal display panels 10 are arranged by multiple arrays is formed, and is omitted in Fig. 1 and shown second substrate 110th, the component of counter electrode layer 140, liquid crystal layer 120, coating BP, insulating layer PV and gate insulation layer GI etc..

In the present embodiment, the operation mode for being totally reflected liquid crystal display panel 10 is, for example, electrically conerolled birefringence (electrically controlled birefringence, EBC) pattern, vertical orientation (vertical alignment, VA) pattern, twisted nematic (twist neumatic, TN) pattern, copline switching (in plane switch, IPS) pattern, Marginal field switching (fringe field switch, FFS) pattern, optical compensation curved (optical compensation Bend, OCB) pattern.Therefore, the total reflection liquid crystal display panel 10 of present embodiment not to be shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 Limit, the field technology personnel should be understood that total reflection liquid crystal display panel 10 can further be provided with the component needed for other, Such as alignment film, polarizer etc..

In addition, in the present embodiment, be totally reflected liquid crystal display panel 10 scanning signal scan frequency for more than 0 and Below 20Hz, preferably 0.5Hz is between 15Hz, such as scanning signal is scanned with the scan frequency of 1Hz.Namely It says, total reflection liquid crystal display panel 10 is adapted for low frequency operation and has the effect of power saving.

The material of first substrate 100 can be glass, quartz, sapphire or organic polymer.Second substrate 110 is located at first Substrate 100 to.The material of second substrate 110 can be glass, quartz, sapphire or organic polymer.Organic polymer example Polyimides (Polyimide, abbreviation PI), polyacids methyl esters (Polymethylmethacrylate, abbreviation PMMA), poly- carbon in this way Acid esters (Polycarbonate, abbreviation PC), polyethylene terephthalate (Polyethylene terephthalate, abbreviation PET)。

Liquid crystal layer 120 is arranged between first substrate 100 and second substrate 110.Specifically, liquid crystal layer 120 includes more A liquid crystal molecule (not shown), and appropriate liquid crystal molecule is selected according to different operation modes.

Counter electrode layer 140 is configured on second substrate 110, and between second substrate 110 and liquid crystal layer 120.It is right Material to electrode layer 140 is, for example, the high penetrances such as indium tin oxide, indium-zinc oxide, aluminium tin-oxide, aluminium zinc oxide Material or its combination.In addition, in the present embodiment, the liquid crystal molecule in liquid crystal layer 120 can be by the first dot structure P1, second The electric field that 140 pairs of liquid crystal layer 120 of dot structure P2, the 3rd dot structure P3 and the 4th dot structure P4 and counter electrode layer apply And it drives.

First scan line SL1, the second scan line SL2, the first data cable DL1 and the second data cable DL2 configurations are first On substrate 100.First scan line SL1, the second scan line SL2 and the first data cable DL1, the extending direction of the second data cable DL2 It differs, it is preferred that the first scan line SL1, the extending direction of the second scan line SL2 and the first data cable DL1, the second data The extending direction of line DL2 is vertical.

In addition, the first scan line SL1, the second scan line SL2 and the first data cable DL1, the second data cable DL2 are to be located at not Identical film layer, and accompanied between the first scan line SL1, the second scan line SL2 and the first data cable DL1, the second data cable DL2 Gate insulation layer GI (in being described in detail hereinafter).Based on the considerations of electric conductivity, the first scan line SL1, the second scan line SL2, First data cable DL1 and the second data cable DL2 is usually to use metal material.However, the present invention is not limited thereto, according to it His embodiment, the first scan line SL1, the second scan line SL2, the first data cable DL1 and the second data cable DL2 can also make With such as nitride of alloy, metal material, the oxide of metal material, metal material nitrogen oxides etc. other conduction materials The stack layer of material or metal material and foregoing other conductive materials.

First dot structure P1, the second dot structure P2, the 3rd dot structure P3 and the 4th dot structure P4 are respectively with One and the first data cable DL1 in scan line SL1, the second scan line SL2, one in the second data cable DL2 electrically connects It connects.Specifically, in the present embodiment, the first dot structure P1 electrically connects with the second scan line SL2 and the second data cable DL2 It connects;Second dot structure P2 and the second scan line SL2 and the first data cable DL1 is electrically connected;3rd dot structure P3 and first Scan line SL1 and the second data cable DL2 is electrically connected;4th dot structure P4 and the first scan line SL1 and the first data cable DL1 It is electrically connected.That is, in the present embodiment, the second dot structure P2 and the 4th dot structure P4 is electrically connected to jointly First data cable DL1, the first dot structure P1 and the 3rd dot structure P3 is electrically connected to the second data cable DL2 jointly, and the 3rd Dot structure P3 and the 4th dot structure P4 is electrically connected to the first scan line SL1 and the first dot structure P1 and jointly Two dot structure P2 are electrically connected to the second scan line SL2 jointly.

In the present embodiment, the first dot structure P1 includes driving component T1, reflective pixel electrode PE1 and capacitance electricity Pole CE1;Second dot structure P2 includes driving component T2, reflective pixel electrode PE2 and capacitance electrode CE2;3rd pixel knot Structure P3 includes driving component T3, reflective pixel electrode PE3 and capacitance electrode CE3;4th dot structure P4 includes driving component T4, reflective pixel electrode PE4 and capacitance electrode CE4.

In the present embodiment, driving component T1, driving component T2, driving component T3 and driving component T4 can be bottoms Portion's grid film transistor or top gate-type thin film transistor, and driving component T1 include grid G 1, channel layer CH1, Drain D 1 and source S 1;Driving component T2 includes grid G 2, channel layer CH2, drain D 2 and source S 2;Driving component T3 bags Include grid G 3, channel layer CH3, drain D 3 and source S 3;Driving component T4 include grid G 4, channel layer CH4, drain D 4 and Source S 4.

By taking bottom grid film transistor as an example, 1~G2 of grid G and the second scan line SL2 are a continuous conductive pattern Case, 3~G4 of grid G and the first scan line SL1 are a continuous conductive pattern, this represent grid G 1~G2 all with the second scan line SL2 is electrically connected, and 3~G4 of grid G is electrically connected with the first scan line SL1.That is, in the present embodiment, grid Pole G1~G4 and the first scan line SL1, the second scan line SL2 belong to same film layer.

Channel layer CH1~CH4 is located at the top of 1~G4 of grid G respectively.In the present embodiment, channel layer CH1~CH4 Material be, for example, non-crystalline silicon or oxide semiconductor material, wherein oxide semiconductor material includes indium gallium zinc oxide (Indium-Gallium-Zinc Oxide, IGZO), zinc oxide, tin oxide (SnO), indium-zinc oxide, gallium zinc oxide (Gallium-Zinc Oxide, GZO), zinc tin oxide (Zinc-Tin Oxide, ZTO) or indium tin oxide etc..Namely It says, in the present embodiment, driving component T1~T4 is, for example, amorphous silicon film transistor or oxide semiconductor thin-film crystal Pipe.However, the present invention is not limited thereto.In other embodiments, driving component T1~T4 can also be that low temperature polycrystalline silicon is thin Film transistor.Exemplified by lifting a better embodiment, if using oxide semiconductor material (such as IGZO) collocation scanning signal It is to be scanned with the scan frequency of 0.5Hz~2Hz, then total reflection liquid crystal display panel of the invention can reach saves very much The function of electricity.

Source S 1 is located at the top of channel layer CH1 with drain D 1;Source S 2 is located at the top of channel layer CH2 with drain D 2; Source S 3 is located at the top of channel layer CH3 with drain D 3;And source S 4 is located at the top of channel layer CH4 with drain D 4.Source electrode S1, S3 and the second data cable DL2 are a continuous conductive pattern, and source S 2, S4 and the first data cable DL1 are continuous conductive for one Pattern, this represents that source S 1, S3 are electrically connected with the second data cable DL2, and source S 2, S4 are electric with the first data cable DL1 Property connection.1~D4 of drain D is respectively a continuous conductive pattern with capacitance electrode CE1~CE4, this represents 1~D4 points of drain D It is not electrically connected with capacitance electrode CE1~CE4.In addition, in the present embodiment, 1~D4 of drain D, 1~S4 of source S and electricity Hold electrode CE1~CE4 and the first data cable DL1, the second data cable DL2 belongs to same film layer.

In addition, in the present embodiment, between grid G 1 and channel layer CH1, between grid G 2 and channel layer CH2, grid Gate insulation layer GI is additionally provided between G3 and channel layer CH3 between gate pole G4 and channel layer CH4, wherein gate insulation layer GI is total to It is formed in together on first substrate 100 and covers grid G1~G4;And in driving component T1, driving component T2, driving component Be also covered with insulating layer PV above T3 and driving component T4, with protect driving component T1, driving component T2, driving component T3 and Driving component T4.Gate insulation layer GI, the material of insulating layer PV can be inorganic material, organic material or its combination, wherein inorganic material The stack layer of material e.g. silica, aluminium oxide, silicon nitride, silicon oxynitride or above-mentioned at least two kinds materials;Organic material is for example It is the high molecular materials such as polyimides system resins, epoxy system resin or acryl system resin.

In addition, in the present embodiment, coating BP is additionally provided on insulating layer PV, to cover driving component T1, active Component T2, driving component T3 and driving component T4, the wherein thickness of coating BP can be more than the thickness of insulating layer PV.In detail and Speech, in the present embodiment, the top of coating BP include multiple convex block X, i.e. coating BP has the surface of out-of-flatness.Covering The material of layer BP can be inorganic material, organic material or its combination, and wherein inorganic material is, for example, silica, silicon nitride, nitrogen oxygen The stack layer of SiClx or above-mentioned at least two kinds materials;Organic material is, for example, polyimides system resins, epoxy system resin or pressure gram The high molecular materials such as power system resin.

Reflective pixel electrode PE1~PE4 is electrically connected respectively with driving component T1~T4.Specifically, reflective pixel electricity Pole PE1 is to be electrically connected by contact hole H1 with capacitance electrode CE1;Reflective pixel electrode PE2 be by contact hole H2 and with Capacitance electrode CE2 is electrically connected;Reflective pixel electrode PE3 is to be electrically connected by contact hole H3 with capacitance electrode CE3;Reflection Pixel electrode PE4 is to be electrically connected by contact hole H4 with capacitance electrode CE4.More specifically, contact hole H1, which is arranged at, covers In cap rock BP and insulating layer PV, to expose the capacitance electrode CE1 of part;Contact hole H2 is arranged at coating BP and insulating layer PV In, to expose the capacitance electrode CE2 of part;Contact hole H3 is arranged in coating BP and insulating layer PV, to expose part Capacitance electrode CE3;Contact hole H4 is arranged in coating BP and insulating layer PV, to expose the capacitance electrode CE4 of part.

The material of reflective pixel electrode PE1~PE4 include e.g. silver-colored (Ag), aluminium (Al) or other with high reflection The conductive material of rate.The thickness of reflective pixel electrode PE1~PE4 is, for example, between 200nm between 50nm.In addition, in order to keep away Exempt from reflective pixel electrode PE1~PE4 oxidations and influence reflection efficiency, can be also set up respectively on reflective pixel electrode PE1~PE4 Bright protective layer, material are, for example, the electrically conducting transparent of indium tin oxide, indium-zinc oxide, aluminium tin-oxide, aluminium zinc oxide etc. Material.

In addition, in the present embodiment, reflective pixel electrode PE1~PE4 is covered on the convex block X of coating BP, whereby Reflective pixel electrode PE1~PE4 can have the surface of out-of-flatness so that total reflection liquid crystal display panel 10 can be promoted for light The reflectivity of line and reflection viewing angle distribution.

What deserves to be explained is in the present embodiment, reflective pixel electrode PE1, reflective pixel electrode PE2, reflective pixel Electrode PE3, the area ratio of reflective pixel electrode PE4 are 1:2:4:8.That is, in the present embodiment, the first dot structure P1, the second dot structure P2, the reflective surface area ratio of the 3rd dot structure P3 and the 4th dot structure P4 are 1:2:4:8.Such one Come, there is the spy by the first dot structure P1, the second dot structure P2, the 3rd dot structure P3 and the 4th dot structure P4 Fixed reflective surface area ratio, total reflection liquid crystal display panel 10 can be used to show 16 kinds of grayscale, reach good visual effect whereby.

In all embodiments herein, proportionate relationship (such as the first dot structure P1, the second pixel knot on area The reflective surface area ratio of structure P2, the 3rd dot structure P3 and the 4th dot structure P4 are 1:2:4:8 etc.) be include the present invention it is any Institute's tolerance scope in technical field, i.e. error range is in the range of accurate numerical value ± 10%.For example, The reflective surface area ratio of first dot structure P1 and the second dot structure P2 is 1:2 cover the first dot structure P1 and the second pixel The reflective surface area ratio of structure P2 is 1:1.9~2.2 situation, similarly the 3rd dot structure P3's and the 4th dot structure P4 is anti- It is also such to penetrate area error scope.

Other one is mentioned that, in the present embodiment, a pixel unit U includes four dot structure (i.e. the first pixels Structure P1, the second dot structure P2, the 3rd dot structure P3, the 4th dot structure P4), and its reflective surface area ratio is 1:2:4:8, Therefore liquid crystal is controlled by the first dot structure P1, the second dot structure P2, the 3rd dot structure P3, the 4th dot structure P4 Layer 120, a pixel unit U can possess the ability for having 16 kinds of grayscale of display, such as the liquid crystal as corresponding first dot structure P1 Layer 120 can allow ambient light to penetrate, and the liquid crystal layer 120 of corresponding second, third and the 4th dot structure P2~P4 can not allow ambient light Penetrate, can be accounted at this time in a pixel unit U with the reflective surface area of reflection environment light all can reflection environment light reflective surface area 1/15, and be defined as a kind of gray scale states;In another example when the liquid crystal of corresponding first dot structure P1 and the second dot structure P2 Layer 120 can allow ambient light to penetrate, and 120 ambient light of liquid crystal layer of corresponding 3rd dot structure P3 and the 4th dot structure P4 can not be worn Thoroughly, can be accounted at this time in a pixel unit U with the reflective surface area of reflection environment light all can reflection environment light reflective surface area

3/15, and be defined as another gray scale states, and so on can have 16 kinds grayscale can permutation and combination, but this hair It is bright to be not limited to this.In other embodiments, a pixel unit U may also comprise the 5th dot structure, i.e. a pixel list First U may also comprise five dot structures, and by the way that its reflective surface area ratio is made to be 1:2:4:8:16 may achieve 32 kinds of grayscale of display.

In the present embodiment, pixel unit U further includes shared electrode layer 130, be configured on first substrate 100 and with it is anti- Pixel electrode PE1~PE4 is penetrated to be electrically insulated.Specifically, in the present embodiment, shared electrode layer 130 includes multiple shared Electrode pattern CM1~CM4, wherein shared electrode pattern CM1 are corresponding with the capacitance electrode CE1 of the first dot structure P1;It is shared Electrode pattern CM2 is corresponding with the capacitance electrode CE2 of the second dot structure P2;Shared electrode pattern CM3 and the 3rd dot structure The capacitance electrode CE3 of P3 is corresponding;Shared electrode pattern CM4 is corresponding with the capacitance electrode CE4 of the 4th dot structure P4.Separately Outside, in the present embodiment, shared electrode layer 130 and 1~G4 of grid G, the first scan line SL1 and the second scan line SL2 belong to Same film layer.Thus, the capacitance electrode CE1 of the shared electrode pattern CM1 of shared electrode layer 130 and the first dot structure P1 A storage capacitance Cst1 can be formed;The capacitance electrode of the shared electrode pattern CM2 of shared electrode layer 130 and the second dot structure P2 CE2 can form a storage capacitance Cst2;The capacitance of the shared electrode pattern CM3 and the 3rd dot structure P3 of shared electrode layer 130 Electrode CE3 can form a storage capacitance Cst3;The shared electrode pattern CM4's and the 4th dot structure P4 of shared electrode layer 130 Capacitance electrode CE4 can form a storage capacitance Cst4;And positioned at capacitance electrode CE1~CE4 and shared electrode pattern CM1~CM4 Between gate insulation layer GI then capacitance dielectric layers as storage capacitance Cst1~Cst4.

For another viewpoint, in the present embodiment, shared electrode pattern CM1 and shared electrode pattern CM2 are mutually It is connected, to form a shared electrode wire CL1, and shared electrode pattern CM3 and shared electrode pattern CM4 are connected each other, To form a shared electrode wire CL2, and shared electrode wire CL1 and shared electrode wire CL2 are electrically connected to share voltage Vcom.

Fig. 3 is the upper schematic diagram of the total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to second embodiment of the present invention.Fig. 4 is figure The diagrammatic cross-section of hatching line A-A ' in 3.Fig. 5 is the diagrammatic cross-section of the hatching line B-B ' in Fig. 3.Fig. 6 is the hatching line C- in Fig. 3 The diagrammatic cross-section of C '.It is worth noting that, the total reflection LCD display of the total reflection liquid crystal display panel 20 and Fig. 1 of Fig. 3 Plate 10 is similar, the first dot structure P1 that difference both essentially consists in, the second dot structure P2, the 3rd dot structure P3 and the Configuration frame between four dot structure P4, which differs and is totally reflected liquid crystal display panel 20 and further includes, is provided with separation material PS, Therefore the same or similar component is represented using the same or similar label, and related description all can refer to and go to live in the household of one's in-laws on getting married above and no longer It states.It hereinafter, will be only for being illustrated at difference between the two.

Referring to Fig. 3 to Fig. 6, in the present embodiment, the first dot structure P1 and the second scan line SL2 and second Data cable DL2 is electrically connected;Second dot structure P2 and the second scan line SL2 and the second data cable DL2 is electrically connected;3rd picture Plain structure P3 and the first scan line SL1 and the second data cable DL2 is electrically connected;4th dot structure P4 and the first scan line SL1 And first data cable DL1 be electrically connected.That is, in the present embodiment, the first dot structure P1, the second dot structure P2 And the 3rd dot structure P3 be electrically connected to the second data cable DL2 jointly, and only the 4th dot structure P4 is electrically connected to One data cable DL1, and the 3rd dot structure P3 and the 4th dot structure P4 be electrically connected to jointly the first scan line SL1 and First dot structure P1 and the second dot structure P2 are electrically connected to the second scan line SL2 jointly.

In the present embodiment, the reflective pixel electrode PE1 of the first dot structure P1, the reflection image of the second dot structure P2 Plain electrode PE2, the reflective pixel electrode PE3 of the 3rd dot structure P3, the 4th dot structure P4 reflective pixel electrode PE4 face Product is than being 1:1:2:4.In the first dot structure P1 structures, due to being provided with separation material PS (in being described in detail hereinafter), The reflective surface area of reflective pixel electrode PE1 is after the area shared by separation material PS is deducted, and actually reflective pixel electrode PE1 can be used About original 1/2 will only be remained with the reflective surface area of reflection environment light.Based on this, in remaining each reflective pixel electrode PE2, reflection image In the case of plain electrode PE3, the reflective surface area of reflective pixel electrode PE4 are all immovable, reflective pixel electrode PE1, reflective pixel Electrode PE2, reflective pixel electrode PE3, the reflective surface area ratio of reflective pixel electrode PE4 are actually 1:2:4:8.

In addition, in the present embodiment, the capacitance electrode CE3 of the 3rd dot structure P3 includes the first capacitance electrode part CE3a and the second capacitance electrode part CE3b, and the first capacitance electrode part CE3a and the second capacitance electrode part CE3b match somebody with somebody respectively It puts in the both sides of the second data cable DL2.Specifically, since capacitance electrode CE3 and the second data cable DL2 belong to same film layer, Therefore the first capacitance electrode part CE3a of capacitance electrode CE3 can not be connected directly with the second capacitance electrode part CE3b.There is mirror In this, in the present embodiment, the reflective pixel electrode PE3 of the 3rd dot structure P3 is by contact hole H3a and contact hole H3b It is electrically connected respectively with the first capacitance electrode part CE3a and the second capacitance electrode part CE3b, whereby so that the 3rd dot structure P3 has appropriate storage capacitance area.Specifically, contact hole H3a is arranged in coating BP and insulating layer PV, with exposure Go out the first capacitance electrode part CE3a, and contact hole H3b is arranged in coating BP and insulating layer PV, to expose the second capacitance Electrode section CE3b.

The capacitance electrode CE4 of 4th dot structure P4 includes the 3rd capacitance electrode part CE4a and the 4th capacitance electrode part CE4b, and the 3rd capacitance electrode part CE4a and the 4th capacitance electrode part CE4b are arranged respectively at the two of the first scan line SL1 Side.Specifically, in order to reduce the parasitic capacitance on the first scan line SL1 and make the 4th dot structure P4 that there is appropriate deposit Capacity area is stored up, the 3rd capacitance electrode part CE4a and the 4th capacitance electrode part CE4b are not connected directly, and the 4th picture The reflective pixel electrode PE4 of plain structure P4 by contact hole H4a and contact hole H4b respectively with the 3rd capacitance electrode part CE4a and 4th capacitance electrode part CE4b is electrically connected.Contact hole H4a is arranged in coating BP and insulating layer PV, to expose the 3rd Capacitance electrode part CE4a, and contact hole H4b is arranged in coating BP and insulating layer PV, to expose the 4th capacitance electrode portion Divide CE4b.As shown in the figure, wherein and the area of the second capacitance electrode part CE3b can be more than or equal to the first capacitance electrode part The area of CE3a, the area of the 4th capacitance electrode part CE4b can be more than or equal to the 3rd capacitance electrode part CE4a's Area, depending on the size of driving component T3 and T4.

Also, the capacitance electrode CE1 of the first dot structure P1 has identical with the capacitance electrode CE2 of the second dot structure P2 Or approximate area.

In addition, in the present embodiment, shared electrode layer 130 includes the capacitance electrode with the first dot structure P1 respectively CE1, the capacitance electrode CE2 of the second dot structure P2, the first capacitance electrode part CE3a of the 3rd dot structure P3, the 3rd pixel The second capacitance electrode part CE3b, the 3rd capacitance electrode part CE4a and the 4th pixel of the 4th dot structure P4 of structure P3 The corresponding shared electrode pattern CM1 of the 4th capacitance electrode part CE4b of structure P4, shared electrode pattern CM2, shared electrode Pattern CM3a, shared electrode pattern CM3b, shared electrode pattern CM4a and shared electrode pattern CM4b.Thus, in this reality It applies in mode, the capacitance electrode CE1 of the shared electrode pattern CM1 of shared electrode layer 130 and the first dot structure P1 can form one Storage capacitance Cst1;The capacitance electrode CE2 of the shared electrode pattern CM2 of shared electrode layer 130 and the second dot structure P2 can structures Into a storage capacitance Cst2;The shared electrode pattern CM3a and shared electrode pattern CM3b of shared electrode layer 130 and the 3rd pixel The first capacitance electrode part CE3a of structure P3 and the second capacitance electrode part CE3b can form a storage capacitance Cst3;Shared electricity The shared electrode pattern CM4a of pole layer 130 and the 3rd capacitance electrode part of shared electrode pattern CM4b and the 4th dot structure P4 CE4a and the 4th capacitance electrode part CE4b can form a storage capacitance Cst4.

It is noted that in the present embodiment, due to the reflective pixel electrode PE1 of the first dot structure P1, second The reflective pixel electrode PE2 of dot structure P2, the reflective pixel electrode PE3 of the 3rd dot structure P3, the 4th dot structure P4 Area ratio shared by reflective pixel electrode PE4 is 1:1:2:4, and capacitance electrode CE1, shared electrode pattern CM1 be respectively provided with Capacitance electrode CE2, shared electrode pattern CM2 be identical or approximate area, whereby so that the first dot structure P1, the second pixel knot Structure P2, the 3rd dot structure P3, the 4th dot structure P4 have appropriate storage capacitance area.Thus, in low scanning Under the operating environment of frequency (such as 0.5Hz~2Hz), the total reflection liquid crystal display panel 20 of present embodiment will not occur because depositing The problem of too small caused charge of storage capacity area cannot keep and cause picture display abnormal, therefore implement with foregoing first The total reflection liquid crystal display panel 10 of mode is compared, and the total reflection liquid crystal display panel 20 of present embodiment has good picture Display effect.

For another viewpoint, in the present embodiment, shared electrode pattern CM1, shared electrode pattern CM2 and shared Electrode pattern CM4b is connected each other, to form a shared electrode wire CL1, and shared electrode pattern CM3a, shared electrode figure Case CM3b and shared electrode pattern CM4a are connected each other, to form a shared electrode wire CL2, and shared electrode wire CL1 and Shared electrode wire CL2 is electrically connected to share voltage Vcom.

In addition, in the present embodiment, pixel unit U further includes separation material PS, configure in 100 and second base of first substrate Between plate 110, and the reflective pixel electrode PE1 of the first dot structure P1 of covering part.Specifically, in present embodiment In, separation material PS is configured on counter electrode 140, and extends to reflective pixel electrode PE1 (such as Fig. 6 of the first dot structure P1 It is shown).The material of separation material PS is, for example, photoresist or other lighttight materials.

In the present embodiment, it is even if reflective pixel electrode PE1, reflective pixel electrode PE2, reflective pixel electrode PE3, anti- The area ratio for penetrating pixel electrode PE4 is 1:1:2:4, but by setting separation material PS pixel unit U intermediate gap object PS places Liquid crystal molecule is not present in the region of position, may achieve the first dot structure P1, the second dot structure P2, the 3rd dot structure whereby The reflective surface area ratio of P3 and the 4th dot structure P4 is actually 1:2:4:8 effect.In other words, from vertical first substrate From the point of view of 100 side, separation material PS, reflective pixel electrode PE1, reflective pixel electrode PE2, reflective pixel electrode PE3, reflective pixel The area ratio of electrode PE4 can be 0.5:1:1:2:4.This is because a part of separation material PS masking reflective pixel electrodes PE1, So that reflective pixel electrode PE1 can essentially the reflective surface area of reflection environment light be halved.Similarly as first implements Mode, present embodiment are to include institute's tolerance model in any technical field of the present invention on the proportionate relationship of area It encloses, i.e., error range is in the range of accurate numerical value ± 10%.Thus, pass through the first dot structure P1, the second pixel Structure P2, the 3rd dot structure P3 and the 4th dot structure P4 have the specific reflective surface area ratio, are totally reflected liquid crystal display Panel 20 can be used to show 16 kinds of grayscale, reach good visual effect whereby.

In addition, in the present embodiment, separation material PS overlaps with reflective pixel electrode PE1, but the present invention is not limited to This.In other embodiments, light leakage phenomena is caused in order to avoid being located at the reflective pixel electrode PE1 below separation material PS, instead It penetrates pixel electrode PE1 to may be designed as being not arranged at corresponding separation material PS, i.e. separation material PS and reflective pixel electrode PE1 not phases Overlapping, to reach reflective pixel electrode PE1, reflective pixel electrode PE2, reflective pixel electrode PE3, reflective pixel electrode PE4 Area ratio is 1:2:4:8.Thus, it is 1 to be totally reflected liquid crystal display panel 20 still to include reflective surface area ratio:2:4:The first of 8 Dot structure P1, the second dot structure P2, the 3rd dot structure P3 and the 4th dot structure P4, and can be used to show 16 kinds of ashes Rank.

In addition, in the present embodiment, separation material PS is configured on second substrate 110, but technical staff should in field Understand, separation material PS can also be configured on first substrate 100.

It is understood based on second embodiment, similarly, it is 1 to include at least reflective surface area ratio by pixel unit U:2:4:8 The first dot structure P1, the second dot structure P2, the 3rd dot structure P3 and the 4th dot structure P4, be totally reflected liquid whereby LCD panel 20 is at least able to 16 kinds of grayscale of display, and reaches good visual effect.In addition, in the present embodiment, lead to Cross area ratio shared by the first dot structure P1, the second dot structure P2, the 3rd dot structure P3 and the 4th dot structure P4 about For 1:1:2:4, and capacitance electrode CE1, shared electrode pattern CM1 are respectively provided with and capacitance electrode CE2, shared electrode pattern CM2 About the same area, whereby so that total reflection liquid crystal display panel 20 will not occur because of the storage capacitance of the first dot structure P1 Area is too small and picture is caused to show the problem of abnormal, thus with good picture display effect.

Fig. 7 is the upper schematic diagram of the total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to third embodiment of the present invention.In detail and Speech, the embodiment of Fig. 7 is similar to the embodiment of Fig. 3 to Fig. 6, therefore the same or similar component is with the same or similar symbol It number represents, and associated description is not repeated to illustrate.

From Fig. 7 and Fig. 3, total reflection liquid crystal display panel 20 ' differs it with total reflection liquid crystal display panel 20 Place essentially consists in:In liquid crystal display panel 20 ' is totally reflected, separation material PS is arranged to the reflective pixel electrode of covering part PE2;And in liquid crystal display panel 20 is totally reflected, separation material PS is arranged to the reflective pixel electrode PE1 of covering part.

Thus, in the total reflection liquid crystal display panel 20 ' of present embodiment, by setting separation material PS pictures Liquid crystal molecule is not present in the region of plain unit U intermediate gaps object PS positions, and thereby may be such that area ratio is 1:1:2:The first of 4 Dot structure P1, the second dot structure P2, the 3rd dot structure P3 and the 4th dot structure P4 reach reflective surface area ratio actually For 2:1:4:8 effect.Specifically, the reflective surface area of reflective pixel electrode PE2 deduct separation material PS shared by area after, The reflective surface area that actually reflective pixel electrode PE2 can be used to reflection environment light will only remain about original 1/2, and remaining is respectively reflected Pixel electrode PE1, reflective pixel electrode PE3, the reflective surface area of reflective pixel electrode PE4 do not change, therefore reflective pixel electricity Pole PE1, reflective pixel electrode PE2, reflective pixel electrode PE3, the reflective surface area ratio of reflective pixel electrode PE4 are actually 2:1: 4:8.In other words, from the point of view of the side of vertical first substrate 100, separation material PS, reflective pixel electrode PE1, reflective pixel electrode PE2, reflective pixel electrode PE3, the area ratio of reflective pixel electrode PE4 can be 0.5:1:1:2:4.Similarly such as institute above It states, the proportionate relationship herein in regard to area is to include institute's tolerance scope in any technical field of the present invention, that is, is missed Poor scope is in the range of accurate numerical value ± 10%.What deserves to be explained is as it was noted above, by the first dot structure P1, Second dot structure P2, the 3rd dot structure P3 and the 4th dot structure P4 have the specific reflective surface area ratio, total reflection Liquid crystal display panel 20 can be used to show 16 kinds of grayscale, thereby reach good visual effect.

Fig. 8 is the partial cutaway schematic of the total reflection liquid crystal display panel of the 4th embodiment according to the present invention.Fig. 8 The upper schematic diagram of total reflection liquid crystal display panel 30 please refer to Fig.3, wherein the profile position of Fig. 8 can refer to cuing open in Fig. 3 The position of line C-C '.In addition, the embodiment of Fig. 8 is similar to the embodiment of Fig. 3 to Fig. 6, therefore the same or similar component It is represented with the same or similar label, and is not repeated to illustrate.

From Fig. 6 and Fig. 8, total reflection liquid crystal display panel 30 differs part with total reflection liquid crystal display panel 20 It essentially consists in:In liquid crystal display panel 30 is totally reflected, pixel unit U includes configuration on second substrate 110 and in the second base The light-shielding pattern BM of the reflective pixel electrode PE1 of covering part on the upright projection direction of plate 110, and it is not provided with separation material.Example Such as with reference to figure 3, the separation material PS in Fig. 3 can be considered to be replaced by light-shielding pattern BM.The material of light-shielding pattern BM can be for example black Chromoresin or shading metal (such as:Chromium) etc. the relatively low material of reflectivity.

Specifically, in the present embodiment, a part is covered from the first pixel knot by setting light-shielding pattern BM The reflection light of the reflective pixel electrode PE1 of structure P1 so that even if the reflective pixel electrode PE1 of the first dot structure P1, second The reflective pixel electrode PE2 of dot structure P2, the reflective pixel electrode PE3 and the 4th dot structure P4 of the 3rd dot structure P3 Reflective pixel electrode PE4 area ratio be 1:1:2:4, but the first dot structure P1, the second dot structure P2, the 3rd pixel The reflective surface area of structure P3 and the 4th dot structure P4 are than being still actually 1:2:4:8.In other words, from vertical first substrate From the point of view of 100 side, light-shielding pattern BM, reflective pixel electrode PE1, reflective pixel electrode PE2, reflective pixel electrode PE3, reflection image The area ratio of plain electrode PE4 can be 0.5:1:1:2:4.This is because the one of light-shielding pattern BM masking reflective pixel electrodes PE1 Part so that reflective pixel electrode PE1 can essentially the reflective surface area of reflection environment light be halved.Similarly as first is real Mode is applied, present embodiment is to include institute's tolerance in any technical field of the present invention on the proportionate relationship of area Scope, i.e. error range is in the range of accurate numerical value ± 10%.Thus, pass through the first dot structure P1, the second picture Plain structure P2, the 3rd dot structure P3 and the 4th dot structure P4 have the specific reflective surface area ratio, are totally reflected liquid crystal Show that panel 30 can be used to show 16 kinds of grayscale, reach good visual effect whereby.

In addition, in the present embodiment, light-shielding pattern BM is configured on second substrate 110, but technical staff is in field It is to be understood that light-shielding pattern BM can also be configured on first substrate 100.

It is understood based on first embodiment and the 4th embodiment, similarly, reflecting surface is included at least by pixel unit U Product is than being 1:2:4:8 the first dot structure P1, the second dot structure P2, the 3rd dot structure P3 and the 4th dot structure P4, Total reflection liquid crystal display panel 30 is at least able to 16 kinds of grayscale of display whereby, and reaches good visual effect.

In addition, being understood based on the first, the 3rd and the 4th embodiment, total reflection liquid crystal display panel 30 can similarly pass through Light-shielding pattern BM is arranged to the reflective pixel electrode PE2 of the covering part on the upright projection direction of second substrate 110, to reach Pixel unit U is actually 2 including at least reflective surface area ratio:1:4:8 the first dot structure P1, the second dot structure P2, 3rd dot structure P3 and the 4th dot structure P4.Such as with reference to figure 7, the separation material PS in Fig. 7 can be considered by light-shielding pattern BM It is replaced.

Finally it should be noted that:Above each embodiment is merely illustrative of the technical solution of the present invention, rather than its limitations; Although the present invention is described in detail with reference to foregoing each embodiment, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: It can still modify to the technical solution recorded in foregoing each embodiment either to which part or whole technologies Feature carries out equivalent substitution;And these modifications or replacement, the essence of appropriate technical solution is not made to depart from right of the present invention and is wanted The scope asked.

Claims (20)

1. a kind of total reflection liquid crystal display panel, which is characterized in that including multiple pixel units, each pixel unit includes:
First substrate;
First scan line, the second scan line, the first data cable and the second data cable, configure on the first substrate;
First dot structure, the second dot structure, the 3rd dot structure and the 4th dot structure scan respectively with described first One in line, second scan line and the electric connection of one in first data cable, second data cable, wherein First dot structure, second dot structure, the 3rd dot structure and the 4th dot structure wrap respectively It includes:
Driving component;And
Reflective pixel electrode is electrically connected with the driving component, and
First dot structure, second dot structure, the 3rd dot structure and the 4th dot structure it is anti- It is 1 to penetrate area ratio:2:4:8 and 2:1:4:One of 8;
Second substrate, positioned at the first substrate to;And
Liquid crystal layer is arranged between the first substrate and the second substrate.
2. total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 1, which is characterized in that second dot structure with it is described 4th dot structure is electrically connected to first data cable jointly, and first dot structure is total to the 3rd dot structure With second data cable is electrically connected to, the 3rd dot structure is electrically connected to institute jointly with the 4th dot structure It states the first scan line and first dot structure and is electrically connected to second scanning jointly with second dot structure Line.
3. total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 2, which is characterized in that first dot structure, described The area ratio of the reflective pixel electrode of second dot structure, the 3rd dot structure and the 4th dot structure is 1:2:4:8.
4. total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the 4th dot structure electrically connects First data cable is connected to, first dot structure, second dot structure and the 3rd dot structure are jointly electric Property be connected to second data cable, the 3rd dot structure and the 4th dot structure are electrically connected to described the jointly Scan line and first dot structure are electrically connected to second scan line jointly with second dot structure.
5. total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 4, which is characterized in that first dot structure, described Second dot structure, the 3rd dot structure and the 4th dot structure each further include capacitance electrode, with the reflection Pixel electrode is electrically connected.
6. total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the 3rd dot structure it is described Capacitance electrode includes the first capacitance electrode part and the second capacitance electrode part, the first capacitance electrode part and described second Capacitance electrode is partly arranged at the both sides of second data cable;And the capacitance electrode of the 4th dot structure includes 3rd capacitance electrode part and the 4th capacitance electrode part, the 3rd capacitance electrode part and the 4th capacitance electrode part Configuration is in the both sides of first scan line.
7. total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the 3rd dot structure it is described Reflective pixel electrode by the first contact hole and the second contact hole respectively with the first capacitance electrode part and second electricity Hold electrode section to be electrically connected;And the reflective pixel electrode of the 4th dot structure passes through the 3rd contact hole and the 4th Contact hole is electrically connected respectively with the 3rd capacitance electrode part and the 4th capacitance electrode part.
8. total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 6, which is characterized in that each pixel unit further includes shared Electrode layer is electrically insulated with the reflective pixel electrode, the shared electrode layer include multiple shared electrode patterns, and respectively with The capacitance electrode of first dot structure, the capacitance electrode of second dot structure, the 3rd pixel knot The capacitance electrode of structure, the capacitance electrode of the 4th dot structure are corresponding.
9. total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the second capacitance electrode part Area is more than or equal to the area of the first capacitance electrode part, and the area of the 4th capacitance electrode part is more than or equal to described The area of 3rd capacitance electrode part.
10. total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 4, which is characterized in that between each pixel unit further includes Gap object is configured between the first substrate and the second substrate, first dot structure of covering part it is described anti- Penetrate pixel electrode, and first dot structure, second dot structure, the 3rd dot structure and the 4th pixel The reflective surface area ratio of structure is 1:2:4:8.
11. total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 4, which is characterized in that between each pixel unit further includes Gap object is configured between the first substrate and the second substrate, second dot structure of covering part it is described anti- Penetrate pixel electrode, and first dot structure, second dot structure, the 3rd dot structure and the 4th pixel The reflective surface area ratio of structure is 2:1:4:8.
12. the total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 10 or 11, which is characterized in that the first pixel knot Structure, second dot structure, the 3rd dot structure and the 4th dot structure the reflective pixel electrode face Product is than being 1:1:2:4.
13. total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 12, which is characterized in that the separation material, described first The reflective pixel electrode of dot structure, the reflective pixel electrode of second dot structure, the 3rd pixel knot The area ratio of the reflective pixel electrode of the reflective pixel electrode of structure and the 4th dot structure is 0.5:1:1:2: 4。
14. total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 12, which is characterized in that first dot structure, institute State the area ratio of the reflective pixel electrode of the second dot structure, the 3rd dot structure and the 4th dot structure For 1:2:4:8.
15. total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 4, which is characterized in that each pixel unit further includes screening Light pattern is configured on the first substrate or the second substrate, first dot structure of covering part it is described anti- Penetrate pixel electrode, and first dot structure, second dot structure, the 3rd dot structure and the 4th pixel The reflective surface area ratio of structure is 1:2:4:8.
16. total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 4, which is characterized in that each pixel unit further includes screening Light pattern is configured on the first substrate or the second substrate, second dot structure of covering part it is described anti- Penetrate pixel electrode, and first dot structure, second dot structure, the 3rd dot structure and the 4th pixel The reflective surface area ratio of structure is 2:1:4:8.
17. the total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 15 or 16, which is characterized in that the first pixel knot Structure, second dot structure, the 3rd dot structure and the 4th dot structure the reflective pixel electrode face Product is than being 1:1:2:4.
18. total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 17, which is characterized in that the light-shielding pattern, described The reflective pixel electrode of one dot structure, the reflective pixel electrode of second dot structure, the 3rd pixel The area ratio of the reflective pixel electrode of the reflective pixel electrode of structure and the 4th dot structure is 0.5:1:1: 2:4.
19. total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first scan line and described The scan frequency that second scan line receives scanning signal is 0.5Hz between 15Hz.
20. total reflection liquid crystal display panel according to claim 19, which is characterized in that the driving component includes passage Layer, the material of the channel layer is oxide semiconductor material.
CN201710177124.0A 2016-11-18 2017-03-23 It is totally reflected liquid crystal display panel CN108072991A (en)

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US5235448A (en) * 1990-07-09 1993-08-10 International Business Machines Corporation Liquid crystal display having proportional tft channel width
EP0471460A2 (en) * 1990-08-16 1992-02-19 International Business Machines Corporation Liquid crystal display device
US6072555A (en) * 1996-02-01 2000-06-06 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Display apparatus capable of gradational display
CN1351323A (en) * 2000-10-31 2002-05-29 松下电器产业株式会社 Display device and driving method thereof, and display pattern evaluation for sub-element of picture
CN102628971A (en) * 2011-05-03 2012-08-08 京东方科技集团股份有限公司 Color filter and method and apparatus for manufacturing the same

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