CN108069482A - A kind of waste water treatment process and system - Google Patents

A kind of waste water treatment process and system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN108069482A
CN108069482A CN201610991599.9A CN201610991599A CN108069482A CN 108069482 A CN108069482 A CN 108069482A CN 201610991599 A CN201610991599 A CN 201610991599A CN 108069482 A CN108069482 A CN 108069482A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
waste water
characterised
evaporator
according
lead channel
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610991599.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108069482B (en
Inventor
王晶
廖昌建
王海波
赵利民
朴勇
李经伟
Original Assignee
中国石油化工股份有限公司抚顺石油化工研究院
中国石油化工股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中国石油化工股份有限公司抚顺石油化工研究院, 中国石油化工股份有限公司 filed Critical 中国石油化工股份有限公司抚顺石油化工研究院
Priority to CN201610991599.9A priority Critical patent/CN108069482B/en
Publication of CN108069482A publication Critical patent/CN108069482A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108069482B publication Critical patent/CN108069482B/en

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/02Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating
    • C02F1/04Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating by distillation or evaporation
    • C02F1/041Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating by distillation or evaporation by means of vapour compression
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/02Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating
    • C02F1/04Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating by distillation or evaporation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/02Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating
    • C02F1/04Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating by distillation or evaporation
    • C02F1/10Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating by distillation or evaporation by direct contact with a particulate solid or with a fluid, as a heat transfer medium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/10Inorganic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/10Inorganic compounds
    • C02F2101/101Sulfur compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/18Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated from the purification of gaseous effluents

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of waste water treatment process and system, and the system comprises waste water preheater, waste water heater, evaporator, stripper, vapour compression machine, heat exchanger, fixed gas compressor and apparatus for collecting condensed water.The present invention also provides a kind of waste water treatment process using above system, waste water treatment process of the present invention and system have many advantages, such as that safe and reliable, equipment is simple, operating cost is low, energy-saving effect is apparent, it can be achieved that 50%~95% water resource recycles.

Description

A kind of waste water treatment process and system

Technical field

The present invention relates to environmental protection and field of energy-saving technology, specifically concentration saliferous, pbz polymer is organic The method and apparatus of object waste water.

Background technology

High slat-containing wastewater refers to the waste water of total saliferous mass fraction TDS >=1%, typically belongs to used water difficult to degradate.Common High salinity waste water is mainly derived from waste water and industrial production wastewater of seawater substitute discharge etc..The desalting processing work of high slat-containing wastewater Skill mainly has electroosmose process, hyperfiltration, ion-exchange and evaporation.Organic wastewater be mainly derived from chemical industry, road deicing, The fields such as food processing further include dyeing waste water, oil exploitation and processing waste water, paper waste and pesticide industry waste water etc..It is high The total amount of salt organic waste water is huge and increases year by year.If do not handled before discharge it, Coal Gas Washing Cycling Water can Soluble inorganic salt and the toxic organic compound of difficult degradation can cause serious environmental pollution, and soil and surface water, underground water are caused It destroys.Therefore, in today of water scarcity, effectively Technologies for Organic Wastewater Treatment with high salt is very necessary for research and development.

In recent years, foreign countries propose handles recycling waste water with function of mechanical steam recompression evaporation technique.Function of mechanical steam recompression Technology is a Technolqgy for Energy Economizing reduced to extraneous energy demand.Its energy-saving principle is:It is secondary by what is generated in system Steam passes through compressor compresses, its pressure and temperature is made to increase, enthalpy increase, instead of the external heat that must be used in original system Source, and the latent heat of indirect steam is fully used, so as to achieve the purpose that technical process is energy saving.At present, mechanical vapour is again Compressibility mainly has application in terms of the waste water recycling devices such as saline sewage, oil field reinjection water, pharmacy waste water.

The content of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of waste water treatment process and system, waste water treatment process of the present invention and it is System has many advantages, such as that safe and reliable, equipment is simple, operating cost is low, energy-saving effect is apparent.

The present invention provides a kind of waste water treatment system, the waste water treatment system includes waste water preheater, waste water heats Device, evaporator, stripper, vapour compression machine, heat exchanger, fixed gas compressor and apparatus for collecting condensed water;Wherein wastewater feed pipe Line is connected through the waterwater entrance of waste water preheater and waste water heater, and the wastewater outlet of waste water heater and the waste water of evaporator enter Mouth connection, the gas vent of waste water heater are connected through fixed gas compressor with the fixed gas entrance of heat exchanger, the steaming of evaporator Vapor outlet is connected with the entrance of vapour compression machine, and the outlet of vapour compression machine divides two-way, and the heat source stream with evaporator enters all the way Mouth connection, another way are connected with the heat source stream entrance of heat exchanger, and the concentrate floss hole of base of evaporator is through pipeline and stripping Tower waterwater entrance connection, heat exchanger fixed gas outlet is connected with the gas phase entrance of stripper, the gaseous phase outlet of stripper and The heat source gas entrance connection of waste water heater, the concentrate floss hole of stripper bottom are connected through pipeline with waste water preheater, The condensation water outlet of the condensation water out of evaporator, the condensation water out of heat exchanger and waste water heater is respectively through pipeline with coagulating The condensation water inlet connection of collector is born water, the floss hole of apparatus for collecting condensed water is connected with waste water preheater.

In waste water treatment system of the present invention, the steam (vapor) outlet of the evaporator and the entrance connecting tube of vapour compression machine On line steam is set to make up line.

In waste water treatment system of the present invention, the gas vent of the waste water heater and the entrance of fixed gas compressor In connecting pipeline fixed gas is set to make up line.

In waste water treatment system of the present invention, the fixed gas compressor can be displacement type compressor, turbine type Compressor or heating power type compressor.

In waste water treatment system of the present invention, shell-and-tube heat exchanger, heat may be employed in the waste water preheater, heat exchanger Pipe heat exchanger, plate heat exchanger or lamella heat exchanger, it is preferred to use plate heat exchanger.

In waste water treatment system of the present invention, shell-and-tube heat exchanger may be employed in the waste water heater or shell-and-plate changes Hot device, it is preferred to use lamella heat exchanger.The waste water heater sets gas-water separation bag, realize in heater condensed water with not Separation between solidifying gas.

In waste water treatment system of the present invention, packed tower and spray column, preferably spray column can be used in the stripper.

In waste water treatment system of the present invention, climbing film evaporator, falling film evaporator, level can be used in the evaporator Any one of pipe evaporator and plate-type evaporator.

In waste water treatment system of the present invention, the evaporator uses falling film evaporator, the falling film evaporator bag It includes:Housing, tube sheet, evaporation tube, fluid Supplying apparatus, the tube sheet are arranged on the top of the housing;The evaporation tube is more A, multiple evaporation tubes are vertically arranged in the housing, and the upper end of the evaporation tube passes through the tube sheet;The evaporation The upper end of pipe is equipped with guiding device;The fluid Supplying apparatus includes lead channel and divides feed pipe, and the lead channel is vertically arranged On the outer wall top of the housing, and around the entire housing, the lead channel is uniformly provided with multiple points of feed inlets, described point Feed inlet is arranged on the upper side wall of the lead channel, and the lower end for dividing feed pipe passes vertically through that described that feed inlet is divided to stretch into is described In lead channel, and the lower end for dividing feed pipe is close to the bottom of the lead channel;The housing is equipped with the multiple and feed liquor The overflow ducts of slot connection.

Wherein, it is described that feed pipe is divided to be removably mounted in the lead channel.

Wherein, multiple impingement baffles are equipped in the lead channel, multiple impingement baffles are evenly arranged in the lead channel Bottom.

Wherein, the impingement baffle is equipped with via hole.

Wherein, the depth ratio of the height of the impingement baffle and the lead channel is 1/3~3/5.

Wherein, the inner wall of the housing is set there are one overflow baffle, and the overflow baffle is fixed on the inner wall of the housing, The overflow baffle forms cloth liquid passage with the inner walls and tube sheet.

Wherein, the overflow baffle is cylinder, and section is in class inverted " L " font.

Wherein, the evaporation tube is evenly arranged in the housing.

In waste water treatment system of the present invention, centrifugal compressor, screw may be employed in the vapour compression machine Compressor, reciprocating compressor and centrifugal high pressure fan;The selection of compression ratio one 1.3~2.0, preferably 1.4 of the compressor ~1.7.

The present invention also provides a kind of waste water treatment process, and using above-mentioned waste water treatment system, the technique is included in following Hold:

Using waste water preheater, be used to handling raw material waste water, condensation water and stripper concentrate, raw material waste water, condensation water and Stripper concentrate exchanges heat in waste water preheater, obtain it is preheated after raw material waste water, cooling condensation water and cooling Concentrate;

Using waste water heater, the raw material waste water and the stripping gas of stripper overhead being used for after processing preheating, the original after preheating The stripping gas of material waste water and stripper overhead exchanges heat in waste water heater, raw material waste water, condensation water after being heated And fixed gas;

Using evaporator, the raw material waste water after the waste water heater heating that is used to handling hanging oneself obtains the 1st of gas phase after processing Stream, the 2nd stream of liquid phase and condensation water;

Using vapour compression machine, it is used to handle the 1st stream for carrying out flash-pot, the 3rd stream of gas phase is obtained after processing, it is described 3rd stream is divided into the 31st sub-stream and the 32nd sub-stream, wherein the 31st sub-stream Returning evaporimeter;

Using fixed gas compressor, it is used to handle the fixed gas from waste water heater, obtains the 4th stream of gas phase;

Using heat exchanger, it is used to handle the 32nd sub-stream from vapour compression machine and the 4th material from fixed gas compressor Stream, the 5th stream and condensation water of the gas phase obtained after processing;

Using stripper, it is used to handle and comes the 2nd stream of flash-pot and the 5th stream of heat exchanger, stripped after processing Column overhead gas and stripper concentrate, the stripper overhead gas enter waste water heater as heat source;

Using apparatus for collecting condensed water, it is used to receive and comes the condensation water of flash-pot, the condensation water of waste water heater and from changing The condensation water of hot device.

In treatment process of the present invention, raw material waste water is in waste water preheater by exchanging heat with condensation water, stripper concentrate To close to after saturation temperature, reach saturation temperature into waste water heater and the heat exchange of stripper stripping gas and enter in evaporator, It is evaporated in evaporator, after vapour compression machine compresses, latent heat of the steam improves obtained steam, then is divided with compressed steam Not as evaporator and the heat source of heat exchanger, the concentrate of base of evaporator, which enters, carries out stripping evaporation in stripper, with heating Fixed gas afterwards enters stripping in stripper as carrier gas and is concentrated by evaporation waste water, and introducing fixed gas in stripper improves stripper Mass-and heat-transfer efficiency, can effectively avoid fouling and clogging of the waste water in stripper.The steam of evaporation is stripped in stripper and is drawn The fixed gas entered is mixed into waste water heater, and as the heat source of waste water heater, steam is condensed into condensation water, no Solidifying gas is exported into fixed gas compressor by the fixed gas of heater and is compressed, and compressed fixed gas is heated to be recycled into In stripper.The concentrate of stripper bottom enters carries out heat exchange recycling heat with waste water in waste water preheater.

In treatment process of the present invention, raw material waste water is in waste water preheater by exchanging heat with condensation water, stripper concentrate Into in waste water heater after to 80 DEG C~98 DEG C, preferably 85 DEG C~95 DEG C, then in waste water heater with stripper overhead Stripping gas exchange heat to after 85 DEG C~100 DEG C, preferably 90 DEG C~100 DEG C into evaporator.

In treatment process of the present invention, the logarithm heat transfer temperature difference in the evaporator between steam and waste water is 3 DEG C~10 DEG C, It is preferred that 4 DEG C~8 DEG C, meanwhile, the vaporization rate that waste water evaporates in the evaporator is 5%~50%, preferably 10%~40%.

In treatment process of the present invention, fixed gas in heat exchanger with exchanging heat through the compressed steam of vapour compression machine, Fixed gas temperature after heat exchange is 110 DEG C~115 DEG C.

In treatment process of the present invention, the fixed gas can be any one of air, nitrogen, oxygen or several.

In treatment process of the present invention, when system goes into operation, it is necessary to go into operation heat source by the use of the steam in the system external world as system, institute Stating steam can be made up line in introducing system by steam;If the steam that system generates in the process of running cannot maintain system hot During amount consumption quantity of steam, it can be made up line by steam and introduce steam;If the steam that system generates in the process of running is more than dimension When holding system thermal consumption quantity of steam, extra steam can be by supplement steam pipe line discharge system.

In treatment process of the present invention, do not coagulated when device goes into operation, it is necessary to make up line to introduce into stripper from fixed gas Gas.

In treatment process of the present invention, climbing film evaporator, falling film evaporator, horizontal tube evaporator can be used in the evaporator Any one of with plate-type evaporator.

In treatment process of the present invention, the falling film evaporator includes:Housing, tube sheet, evaporation tube, fluid Supplying apparatus, The tube sheet is arranged on the top of the housing;The evaporation tube is multiple, and multiple evaporation tubes are vertically arranged in the shell In body, and the upper end of the evaporation tube passes through the tube sheet;The upper end of the evaporation tube is equipped with guiding device;The liquid supply Device includes lead channel and divides feed pipe, and the lead channel is vertically arranged in the outer wall top of the housing, and around entire institute Housing is stated, the lead channel is uniformly provided with multiple points of feed inlets, the upper side wall that feed inlet is divided to be arranged on the lead channel, institute State point feed pipe lower end pass vertically through it is described feed inlet is divided to stretch into the lead channel, and it is described divide feed pipe lower end it is close The bottom of the lead channel;The housing is equipped with multiple overflow ducts connected with the lead channel.

Wherein, it is described that feed pipe is divided to be removably mounted in the lead channel.

Wherein, multiple impingement baffles are equipped in the lead channel, multiple impingement baffles are evenly arranged in the lead channel Bottom.

Wherein, the impingement baffle is equipped with via hole.

Wherein, the depth ratio of the height of the impingement baffle and the lead channel is 1/3~3/5.

Wherein, the inner wall of the housing is set there are one overflow baffle, and the overflow baffle is fixed on the inner wall of the housing, The overflow baffle forms cloth liquid passage with the inner walls and tube sheet.

Wherein, the overflow baffle is cylinder, and section is in class inverted " L " font.

Wherein, the evaporation tube is evenly arranged in the housing.

Other technologies in treatment process of the present invention, such as the heat exchange of water pump, heat, condensate water collecting are this professional technique people Content known to member.

Compared with prior art, waste water treatment process of the present invention has the following advantages that with system:

1st, in waste water treatment process of the present invention, waste water is concentrated by evaporation recycling using steam mechanical recompression and fixed gas stripping combination Technique is, it can be achieved that 50%~95% water resource recycles.By controlling cocnentration factor of the waste water in evaporator, waste water is avoided to exist Fouling occurs in evaporator, concentrate is made further to be concentrated in stripper.

2nd, by introducing compression fixed gas, the heat needed in stripper into stripper in waste water treatment process of the present invention It is brought by fixed gas in tower so that fixed gas and waste water direct heat transfer improve system thermal efficiency, efficiently avoid evaporation knot The problem of dirt blocks.

3rd, heat exchanger is provided in waste water treatment process of the present invention, the excessive latent heat for realizing compressed steam passes through heat exchange To fixed gas, heat is directly entered in waste water, improves the utilization ratio of vapor compression heat energy.

4th, in waste water treatment process of the present invention and system, by using with the falling film evaporator laterally fed, structure letter It is single compact, effectively reduce the height of equipment;Liquid flow flux is big, operates, is easy to maintain;Use the equipment liquid distribution rate Height, cloth film are uniform, are not easy to plug, are readily cleaned, and can increase the arrangement quantity of evaporation tube, increase the heat exchange area of evaporator.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is waste water treatment process of the present invention and system schematic.

Fig. 2 is the half-sectional structure front view of falling film evaporator used in the present invention.

Fig. 3 is the top view that the part of falling film evaporator used in the present invention is cutd open.

Fig. 4 is the impingement baffle schematic diagram of falling film evaporator used in the present invention.

Specific embodiment

The concrete condition further illustrated the present invention below by specific embodiment, but it is not limited to following embodiments.

As shown in Figure 1, the present invention provides a kind of waste water treatment system, the waste water treatment system includes waste water preheater 2nd, waste water heater 4, evaporator 5, stripper 11, vapour compression machine 8, heat exchanger 24, fixed gas compressor 14 and condensation water are received Storage 20;Wherein wastewater feed pipeline is connected through waste water preheater 2 with the waterwater entrance of waste water heater 4, waste water heater 4 Wastewater outlet is connected with the waterwater entrance of evaporator 5, and the gas vent of waste water heater 4 is through fixed gas compressor 14 and heat exchanger 24 fixed gas entrance is connected, on the gas vent of the waste water heater 4 and the entrance connecting pipeline of fixed gas compressor 14 Fixed gas is set to make up line 23, the steam (vapor) outlet of evaporator 5 is connected with the entrance of vapour compression machine 8, the steaming of the evaporator 5 Steam is set to make up line 7 in the entrance connecting pipeline of vapor outlet and vapour compression machine 8, the outlet of vapour compression machine 8 divides two-way, It is connected all the way with the heat source stream entrance of evaporator 5, another way is connected with the heat source stream entrance of heat exchanger 24,5 bottom of evaporator The concentrate floss hole in portion is connected through pipeline with the waterwater entrance of stripper 11, fixed gas outlet and the stripper 11 of heat exchanger 24 The connection of gas phase entrance, the gaseous phase outlet of stripper 11 is connected with the heat source gas entrance of waste water heater 4,11 bottom of stripper Concentrate floss hole be connected through pipeline with waste water preheater 2, condensation water out, the condensation water of heat exchanger 24 of evaporator 5 go out The condensation water outlet of mouth and waste water heater 4 is connected respectively through pipeline with the condensation water inlet of apparatus for collecting condensed water 20, is condensed The floss hole of water collector 20 is connected with waste water preheater 2.

The present invention also provides a kind of waste water treatment process, and using above system, the technique includes:

Using waste water preheater 2, it is used to receive and process raw material waste water 1, condensation water 21 and stripper concentrate 16, raw material gives up Water 1, condensation water 21 and stripper concentrate 16 exchange heat in waste water preheater 2, and the raw material after being preheated after processing gives up The concentrate 17 of water 3, the condensation water 22 of cooling and cooling;

Using waste water heater 4, it is used to handle the raw material waste water 3 after preheating and the stripping gas 12 from stripper overhead, in advance Raw material waste water 3 and stripping gas 12 after heat exchange heat in waste water heater 4, raw material waste water 27, condensation after being heated Water 25 and fixed gas 13;

Using evaporator 5, the raw material waste water 27 after the waste water heater heating that is used to handling hanging oneself obtains gas phase after processing 1st stream 6, the 2nd stream 10 of liquid phase and condensation water 18;

Using vapour compression machine 8, it is used to handle the 1st stream 6 of the gas phase for carrying out flash-pot, the 3rd of gas phase is obtained after processing Stream, the 3rd stream of gas phase are divided into the 31st sub-stream 9 and the 32nd sub-stream 26;

It using fixed gas compressor 14, is used to handle the fixed gas 13 from waste water heater 4, the of gas phase is obtained after processing 4 streams 28;

Using heat exchanger 24, it is used to handle the gas phase of the 32nd sub-stream 26 and fixed gas compressor from vapour compression machine 4th stream 28, the 5th stream 15 and condensation water 19 of the gas phase obtained after processing;

Using stripper 11, it is used to handle and comes the 2nd stream 10 of flash-pot and the 5th stream 15 of heat exchanger, after processing To stripper overhead gas 12 and stripper concentrate 18, the stripping gas 12 of the stripper overhead enters waste water as heat source and adds Hot device;

Using apparatus for collecting condensed water, it is used to receiving the condensation water 18 of evaporator, the condensation water 25 of waste water heater 4 and from changing The condensation water 19 of hot device.

In the method for the present invention, raw material waste water 1 is in waste water preheater 2 by being changed with condensation water 21, stripper concentrate 16 Heat is to close to after saturation temperature, then reaches saturation temperature with the heat exchange of stripper stripping gas 12 and enter in evaporator 5, in evaporator Be evaporated in 5, obtained steam through vapour compression machine 8 compression after, latent heat of the steam improve, then with compressed steam respectively as The heat source of evaporator 5 and heat exchanger 24, the concentrate of 5 bottom of evaporator, which enters, carries out stripping evaporation in stripper 11, with heating Fixed gas afterwards enters stripping in stripper 11 as carrier gas and is concentrated by evaporation waste water, and introducing fixed gas in stripper 11 improves vapour The mass-and heat-transfer efficiency of stripper 11 can effectively avoid fouling and clogging of the waste water in stripper 11.Evaporation is stripped in stripper 11 Steam and the fixed gas that is introduced into be mixed into waste water heater 4, as the heat source of waste water heater 4, steam quilt Be condensed into condensed water, fixed gas is exported into fixed gas compressor 14 by the fixed gas of heater 4 and is compressed, it is compressed not It is solidifying that gas is heated is recycled into stripper 11.The concentrate of 11 bottom of stripper enters in waste water preheater 2 to carry out with waste water Heat exchange recycling heat.

As shown in Fig. 2,3 and 4, the falling film evaporator laterally fed of the invention, including:Housing 11, tube sheet 1, evaporation tube 3rd, fluid Supplying apparatus 20.Housing 11 is cylindrical shape, and tube sheet 1 is arranged on the top of housing 11, and 1 upper surface of tube sheet is pushed up with housing 11 The part at end forms cloth film room.Evaporation tube 3 is multiple, and multiple evaporation tubes 3 are vertically arranged in housing 11, and preferably evaporation tube is uniform Arrangement.The upper end of evaporation tube 3 passes through tube sheet 1, sets multiple evaporation pores on tube sheet 1, and the upper end of evaporation tube 3 is from evaporation pore Middle stretching, and using welding or the methods of connecing of rising is tightly connected with tube sheet 1.Guiding device 2 is equipped in the upper end of evaporation tube 3.Liquid Body feeding 20 includes lead channel 6 and multiple points of feed pipes 7, in the present embodiment, lead channel 6 for an interior side opening annular Enclosure slot, the internal diameter of toroidal shell slot is identical with the outer diameter of housing 11, and lead channel 6 is vertically arranged in the outer of housing 11 by welding Wall top, and around entire housing 11, the one side that lead channel 6 is open is using the lateral wall of housing 11 as shared side wall.Feed liquor Slot 6 is uniformly provided with multiple points of feed inlets 13, and the quantity for dividing feed inlet 13 is identical with dividing feed pipe 7, divides feed pipe 7 for installing, Specific to the present embodiment, the quantity for dividing feed inlet is 8.Feed inlet 13 is divided to be arranged on the upper side wall of lead channel 6, divides feed pipe 7 Lower end pass vertically through point feed inlet 13 and stretch into lead channel 6, and the lower end of feed pipe 7 is divided to export close to the bottom of lead channel 6. Feed pipe 7 is divided to be used to connect with charging manifold 10, material is provided into feed well 6 by dividing feed pipe 7 from charging manifold 10.Shell Body 11 is equipped with multiple overflow ducts 5 connected with lead channel 6, and overflow ducts 5 are the crest of weir close to 6 upper side wall of lead channel, are commonly used Structure have rectangular weir, V-type weir and round bottom rectangular weir.

Further, feed pipe 7 is divided to be removably mounted on by flange in lead channel 6.Specifically, divide feed pipe 7 One ring flange 71 of lateral wall welded and installed, ring flange 71 and the upper side wall of lead channel 6 are linked together by bolt assembly, can To be dismantled as needed.

Further, multiple impingement baffles 8 are equipped in lead channel 6, multiple impingement baffles 8 are evenly arranged in the bottom of lead channel 6, In the present embodiment, the quantity of impingement baffle 8 is 16.Preferably, the upper edge of impingement baffle 8, which is higher than, divides the lower end of feed pipe 7 to export.Ginseng According to shown in Fig. 4, impingement baffle 8 is equipped with via hole 81, and the section of via hole 81 is preferably circular, 5-30 millimeters a diameter of, excellent Select 10-20 millimeters.Preferably, the depth ratio of the height of impingement baffle 8 and lead channel 6 is 1/3~3/5, such as the height of impingement baffle 8 1/3,3/7,1/2 and 3/5 for feed liquor groove depth 6.

Further, the inner wall of housing 11 is set there are one overflow baffle 4, and overflow baffle 4 is cylinder, and overflow baffle 4 Outer diameter is less than the internal diameter of housing 11.Overflow baffle 4 is fixed on the inner wall of housing 11, and overflow by multiple rectangle support plates 12 The lower edge of baffle 4 is higher than the upper surface of tube sheet 1, and overflow baffle 4 forms cloth liquid passage with 11 inner wall of housing and tube sheet 1.Cloth liquid leads to The cross-sectional width in road is less than the minimum range of 11 inner wall of housing and evaporation tube 3.

Embodiment 1

Using the system described in Fig. 1, the evaporator is using the device described in Fig. 2, and waste water used is FCC desulfurization wastewaters, waste water In mainly containing sodium sulfite, sodium sulphate and polcarb, raw material waste water salt concentration is 6wt%, and raw material wastewater treatment capacity is 20t/ H, room temperature waste water is preheated by preheater 2, heater 4 is heated to 100 DEG C, into evaporator 5.The compression of vapour compression machine 8 Than for 1.4, employing nitrogen as to supplement fixed gas.The concentrate 10 of 5 bottom of evaporator discharge is 15wt%, which passes through After the stripping of stripper 11 is concentrated by evaporation, the concentrate 17 of discharge is 24wt%.The temperature after heat recovery of condensation water 21 is 45 DEG C of left sides The right side, condensate-water polishing amount are 11.1 t/h.

Claims (32)

1. a kind of waste water treatment system, the waste water treatment system includes waste water preheater, waste water heater, evaporator, stripping Tower, vapour compression machine, heat exchanger, fixed gas compressor and apparatus for collecting condensed water;Wherein wastewater feed pipeline is through waste water preheater It is connected with the waterwater entrance of waste water heater, the wastewater outlet of waste water heater and the waterwater entrance of evaporator connect, and waste water adds The gas vent of hot device is connected through fixed gas compressor with the fixed gas entrance of heat exchanger, the steam (vapor) outlet and vapour pressure of evaporator The entrance of contracting machine is connected, and the outlet of vapour compression machine divides two-way, is connected all the way with the heat source stream entrance of evaporator, another way and The heat source stream entrance connection of heat exchanger, the concentrate floss hole of base of evaporator connect through the waterwater entrance of pipeline and stripper It connects, the fixed gas outlet of heat exchanger is connected with the gas phase entrance of stripper, the gaseous phase outlet of stripper and the heat of waste water heater Source gas access connects, and the concentrate floss hole of stripper bottom is connected through pipeline with waste water preheater, the condensation water of evaporator The condensation water outlet of outlet, the condensation water out of heat exchanger and waste water heater coagulating through pipeline and apparatus for collecting condensed water respectively Entrance connection is born water, the floss hole of apparatus for collecting condensed water is connected with waste water preheater.
2. according to waste water treatment system described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The steam (vapor) outlet and both vapor compression of the evaporator In the entrance connecting pipeline of machine steam is set to make up line.
3. according to waste water treatment system described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The gas vent of the waste water heater is not with coagulating In the entrance connecting pipeline of air compressor fixed gas is set to make up line.
4. according to waste water treatment system described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fixed gas compressor compresses for displacement type Machine, turbo type compressor or heating power type compressor.
5. according to waste water treatment system described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The waste water preheater, heat exchanger use shell Formula heat exchanger, heat-pipe heat exchanger, plate heat exchanger or lamella heat exchanger, it is preferred to use plate heat exchanger.
6. according to waste water treatment system described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The waste water heater may be employed shell-and-tube and change Hot device or lamella heat exchanger, it is preferred to use lamella heat exchanger.
7. according to waste water treatment system described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The stripper uses packed tower and spray Tower, preferably spray column.
8. according to waste water treatment system described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The evaporator is using climbing film evaporator, drop Any one of film evaporator, horizontal tube evaporator and plate-type evaporator.
9. according to the system described in claim 8, it is characterised in that:The falling film evaporator includes:Housing, tube sheet, evaporation Pipe, fluid Supplying apparatus, the tube sheet are arranged on the top of the housing;The evaporation tube is multiple, multiple evaporation tubes It is vertically arranged in the housing, and the upper end of the evaporation tube passes through the tube sheet;The upper end of the evaporation tube is equipped with water conservancy diversion Device;The fluid Supplying apparatus includes lead channel and divides feed pipe, and the lead channel is vertically arranged in the outer wall of the housing Top, and around the entire housing, the lead channel are uniformly provided with multiple points of feed inlets, and described that feed inlet is divided to be arranged on is described The upper side wall of lead channel, the lower end for dividing feed pipe pass vertically through it is described feed inlet is divided to stretch into the lead channel, it is and described Divide the lower end of feed pipe close to the bottom of the lead channel;The housing leads to equipped with multiple overflows connected with the lead channel Road.
10. according to the system described in claim 9, it is characterised in that:Described point of feed pipe is removably mounted on the feed liquor On slot.
11. according to the system described in claim 9, it is characterised in that:Multiple impingement baffles are equipped in the lead channel, it is multiple described Impingement baffle is evenly arranged in the bottom of the lead channel.
12. according to the system described in claim 11, it is characterised in that:The impingement baffle is equipped with via hole.
13. according to the system described in claim 12, it is characterised in that:The depth of the height of the impingement baffle and the lead channel Than for 1/3~3/5.
14. according to the system described in claim 9, it is characterised in that:The inner wall of the housing is set there are one overflow baffle, described Overflow baffle is fixed on the inner wall of the housing, and the overflow baffle forms cloth liquid passage with the inner walls and tube sheet.
15. system according to claim 14, it is characterised in that:The overflow baffle is cylinder, and section is in class inverted " L " Font.
16. according to the system described in claim 9, it is characterised in that:The evaporation tube is evenly arranged in the housing.
17. according to the system described in claim 9, it is characterised in that:The vapour compression machine is using centrifugal compressor, spiral shell Rod-type compressor, reciprocating compressor and centrifugal high pressure fan;The compression ratio selection 1.3~2.0 of the compressor, preferably 1.4~1.7.
18. a kind of waste water treatment process, using waste water treatment system described in any claim, the work in claim 1-17 Skill includes following content:
Using waste water preheater, be used to handling raw material waste water, condensation water and stripper concentrate, raw material waste water, condensation water and Stripper concentrate exchanges heat in waste water preheater, obtain it is preheated after raw material waste water, cooling condensation water and cooling Concentrate;
Using waste water heater, the raw material waste water and the stripping gas of stripper overhead being used for after processing preheating, the original after preheating The stripping gas of material waste water and stripper overhead exchanges heat in waste water heater, raw material waste water, condensation water after being heated And fixed gas;
Using evaporator, the raw material waste water after the waste water heater heating that is used to handling hanging oneself obtains the 1st of gas phase after processing Stream, the 2nd stream of liquid phase and condensation water;
Using vapour compression machine, it is used to handle the 1st stream for carrying out flash-pot, the 3rd stream of gas phase is obtained after processing, it is described 3rd stream is divided into the 31st sub-stream and the 32nd sub-stream, wherein the 31st sub-stream Returning evaporimeter;
Using fixed gas compressor, it is used to handle the fixed gas from waste water heater, obtains the 4th stream of gas phase;
Using heat exchanger, it is used to handle the 32nd sub-stream from vapour compression machine and the 4th material from fixed gas compressor Stream, the 5th stream and condensation water of the gas phase obtained after processing;
Using stripper, it is used to handle and comes the 2nd stream of flash-pot and the 5th stream of heat exchanger, stripped after processing Column overhead gas and stripper concentrate, the stripper overhead gas enter waste water heater as heat source;
Using apparatus for collecting condensed water, it is used to receive and comes the condensation water of flash-pot, the condensation water of waste water heater and from changing The condensation water of hot device.
19. according to the treatment process described in claim 18, it is characterised in that:Raw material waste water is in waste water preheater by with coagulating It bears water, stripper concentrate exchanges heat to after 80 DEG C~98 DEG C, preferably 85 DEG C~95 DEG C and adds into waste water heater, then in waste water Exchange heat in hot device with the stripping gas of stripper overhead to after 85 DEG C~100 DEG C, preferably 90 DEG C~100 DEG C into evaporator.
20. according to the treatment process described in claim 18, it is characterised in that:Pair in the evaporator between steam and waste water Number heat transfer temperature differences are 3 DEG C~10 DEG C, preferably 4 DEG C~8 DEG C, meanwhile, the vaporization rate that waste water evaporates in the evaporator for 5%~ 50%, preferably 10%~40%.
21. according to the treatment process described in claim 18, it is characterised in that:Fixed gas in heat exchanger with through vapour compression machine Compressed steam exchanges heat, and the fixed gas temperature after heat exchange is 110 DEG C~115 DEG C.
22. according to the treatment process described in claim 18, it is characterised in that:The fixed gas can be air, nitrogen, oxygen Any one of or it is several.
23. according to the treatment process described in claim 18, it is characterised in that:The evaporator can be used climbing film evaporator, Any one of falling film evaporator, horizontal tube evaporator and plate-type evaporator.
24. according to the treatment process described in claim 23, it is characterised in that:The falling film evaporator includes:Housing, pipe Plate, evaporation tube, fluid Supplying apparatus, the tube sheet are arranged on the top of the housing;The evaporation tube is multiple described to be multiple Evaporation tube is vertically arranged in the housing, and the upper end of the evaporation tube passes through the tube sheet;The upper end of the evaporation tube is set There is guiding device;The fluid Supplying apparatus includes lead channel and divides feed pipe, and the lead channel is vertically arranged in the housing Outer wall top, and around the entire housing, the lead channel is uniformly provided with multiple points of feed inlets, described that feed inlet is divided to set In the upper side wall of the lead channel, the lower end for dividing feed pipe pass vertically through it is described feed inlet is divided to stretch into the lead channel, And the lower end for dividing feed pipe is close to the bottom of the lead channel;The housing be equipped with it is multiple connected with the lead channel it is excessive Circulation road.
25. according to the treatment process described in claim 24, it is characterised in that:Described point of feed pipe is removably mounted on described In lead channel.
26. according to the treatment process described in claim 25, it is characterised in that:Multiple impingement baffles are equipped in the lead channel, it is more A impingement baffle is evenly arranged in the bottom of the lead channel.
27. according to the treatment process described in claim 26, it is characterised in that:The impingement baffle is equipped with via hole.
28. according to the treatment process described in claim 26, it is characterised in that:The height of the impingement baffle and the lead channel Depth ratio is 1/3~3/5.
29. according to the treatment process described in claim 24, it is characterised in that:The inner wall of the housing set there are one overflow keep off Plate, the overflow baffle are fixed on the inner wall of the housing, and the overflow baffle forms cloth liquid with the inner walls and tube sheet Passage.
30. according to the treatment process described in claim 29, it is characterised in that:The overflow baffle is cylinder, and section is in class Inverted " L " font.
31. according to the treatment process described in claim 24, it is characterised in that:The evaporation tube is evenly arranged in the housing In.
32. according to the treatment process described in claim 24, it is characterised in that:The vapour compression machine uses centrifugal compressor Machine, screw compressor, reciprocating compressor and centrifugal high pressure fan;The compression ratio 1.3~2.0 of the compressor, preferably 1.4~1.7.
CN201610991599.9A 2016-11-11 2016-11-11 Wastewater treatment process and system CN108069482B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610991599.9A CN108069482B (en) 2016-11-11 2016-11-11 Wastewater treatment process and system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610991599.9A CN108069482B (en) 2016-11-11 2016-11-11 Wastewater treatment process and system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108069482A true CN108069482A (en) 2018-05-25
CN108069482B CN108069482B (en) 2020-01-10

Family

ID=62153519

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610991599.9A CN108069482B (en) 2016-11-11 2016-11-11 Wastewater treatment process and system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108069482B (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1176761A (en) * 1997-09-05 1999-03-23 Jgc Corp Treatment of ammonia-containing waste water
CN101811743A (en) * 2010-04-09 2010-08-25 兰州节能环保工程有限责任公司 Circulation evaporator
CN203613059U (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-05-28 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Multiple-effect evaporation treatment device for alkali-contained waste water with high COD (chemical oxygen demand)
CN204522328U (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-08-05 河北乐恒化工设备制造有限公司 Three grades with function of mechanical steam recompression continuous falling liquid film circulating and evaporating concentration systems
CN104986816A (en) * 2015-02-16 2015-10-21 吴大川 Process and apparatus for carrying out wastewater desorption and falling film evaporation on coking sewage
CN205061601U (en) * 2015-08-25 2016-03-02 兰州节能环保工程有限责任公司 Energy -efficient sewage treatment plant

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1176761A (en) * 1997-09-05 1999-03-23 Jgc Corp Treatment of ammonia-containing waste water
CN101811743A (en) * 2010-04-09 2010-08-25 兰州节能环保工程有限责任公司 Circulation evaporator
CN203613059U (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-05-28 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Multiple-effect evaporation treatment device for alkali-contained waste water with high COD (chemical oxygen demand)
CN104986816A (en) * 2015-02-16 2015-10-21 吴大川 Process and apparatus for carrying out wastewater desorption and falling film evaporation on coking sewage
CN204522328U (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-08-05 河北乐恒化工设备制造有限公司 Three grades with function of mechanical steam recompression continuous falling liquid film circulating and evaporating concentration systems
CN205061601U (en) * 2015-08-25 2016-03-02 兰州节能环保工程有限责任公司 Energy -efficient sewage treatment plant

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN108069482B (en) 2020-01-10

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
RU2543873C1 (en) Moistening-drying system containing steam mixing condenser with bubble column
CN104058538B (en) A kind of processing method of wastewater stripping depickling deamination
ES2347262T3 (en) Procedure and installation of sea water desalation by distillation of multiple effects and thermocompression of vapor that works with different pressures of motor steam.
CN103265089B (en) High temperature high efficiency multi-effect seawater distillation desalination apparatus and method
CN203428934U (en) Concentrating and crystallizing system of copper sulfate solution
CN103241887A (en) Method and device for treating and recycling high salinity wastewater
CN102557168B (en) Heat-pipe low-temperature multi-effect sea water desalinating system and process flow
CN102531256B (en) Process method and device for desalting seawater at low temperature
CN104266170A (en) Comprehensive utilization method of thermal power plant boiler wastewater
CA3024138A1 (en) Humidification-dehumidification systems and methods at low top brine temperatures
CN101811743A (en) Circulation evaporator
CN204417276U (en) A kind of Coal Chemical Industry strong brine evaporative crystallization divides salt device
CN105130080B (en) A kind of supercritical water oxidation handles the System and method for of high volatile organic wastewater
CN205099538U (en) High concentration contains salt waste water MVR evaporation crystallization process system
CN101476825A (en) Phase-change heat-exchange type secondary steam heat recovery utilization method, apparatus and use thereof
CN203715317U (en) Low-temperature circulation evaporative crystallization device for heavy salt water
CN104083981A (en) Direct-contact-type deep cooling device for recycling volatile organic compound waste gas and recycling method
CN102765769A (en) Low-temperature multiple-effect heat pipe type evaporator
CN101830529A (en) Method for preparing clean water by using oil field sewage and for utilizing waste heat
WO2006094437A1 (en) A method and an multi-effect evaporation for waste water of alkylene oxides
CN204727630U (en) A kind of economic benefits and social benefits pressure steam distillation sea water desalinating plant
CN201587871U (en) Multi-stage vacuum distillation sea water desalinating device
CN106369866A (en) Waste steam directly absorbed type double-effect lithium bromide heat pump system and working method thereof
CN103387270A (en) A vacuum vapor compression distillation sea water desalination device
CN103127736A (en) Evaporation and concentration device utilizing heat pump technique

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant