CN108065750A - Production method and the non-stick pan tool and its manufacturing method of a kind of tick marks - Google Patents

Production method and the non-stick pan tool and its manufacturing method of a kind of tick marks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108065750A
CN108065750A CN201610999262.2A CN201610999262A CN108065750A CN 108065750 A CN108065750 A CN 108065750A CN 201610999262 A CN201610999262 A CN 201610999262A CN 108065750 A CN108065750 A CN 108065750A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sticking lining
oil
laser
light source
condition
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Granted
Application number
CN201610999262.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108065750B (en
Inventor
李洪伟
曹达华
杨玲
李兴航
李康
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Foshan Shunde Midea Electrical Heating Appliances Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Foshan Shunde Midea Electrical Heating Appliances Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610999262.2A priority Critical patent/CN108065750B/en
Publication of CN108065750A publication Critical patent/CN108065750A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J27/00Cooking-vessels
    • A47J27/002Construction of cooking-vessels; Methods or processes of manufacturing specially adapted for cooking-vessels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J27/00Cooking-vessels
    • A47J27/08Pressure-cookers; Lids or locking devices specially adapted therefor
    • A47J27/086Pressure-cookers; Lids or locking devices specially adapted therefor with built-in heating means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J36/00Parts, details or accessories of cooking-vessels
    • A47J36/02Selection of specific materials, e.g. heavy bottoms with copper inlay or with insulating inlay
    • A47J36/025Vessels with non-stick features, e.g. coatings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J36/00Parts, details or accessories of cooking-vessels
    • A47J36/02Selection of specific materials, e.g. heavy bottoms with copper inlay or with insulating inlay
    • A47J36/04Selection of specific materials, e.g. heavy bottoms with copper inlay or with insulating inlay the materials being non-metallic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05DPROCESSES FOR APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05D5/00Processes for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces to obtain special surface effects, finishes or structures
    • B05D5/08Processes for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces to obtain special surface effects, finishes or structures to obtain an anti-friction or anti-adhesive surface
    • B05D5/083Processes for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces to obtain special surface effects, finishes or structures to obtain an anti-friction or anti-adhesive surface involving the use of fluoropolymers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/36Removing material
    • B23K26/361Removing material for deburring or mechanical trimming

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Optics & Photonics (AREA)
  • Plasma & Fusion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Other Surface Treatments For Metallic Materials (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to electric heating appliance technical fields, disclose a kind of production method of tick marks and non-stick pan has and its manufacturing method, wherein, the production method of tick marks includes:(1) base oil is sprayed in the inner surface of matrix, drying forms non-sticking lining bottom;(2) in the surface spraying face of non-sticking lining bottom oil, sintering curing forms non-sticking lining surface layer;Wherein, after non-sticking lining bottom is formed, before spray-coating surface oil or after non-sticking lining surface layer is formed, tick marks are formed on the surface of the non-sticking lining bottom by the way of laser laser carving.The production method of the tick marks of the present invention can ensure, in the case where tick marks are clearly intact, to form the non-sticking lining for possessing high-bond, high rigidity, high-wear resistance and high-corrosion resistance on matrix.

Description

Production method and the non-stick pan tool and its manufacturing method of a kind of tick marks
Technical field
The present invention relates to electric heating appliance technical fields, and in particular, to a kind of production method of tick marks and does not glue Cookware and its manufacturing method.
Background technology
At present, the water level line of electric cooker and pressure cooker is made by the way of bat printing mostly, this production method waste oil Ink, and often there is the problem of pad-transfer printing ink and incompatible coating, it is difficult to bat printing or bat printing adhesive force are low.Especially work as pre-ceramic Coating often occurs because that can not realize bat printing, and the situation for marking of having to, and marking is to be carried out on electric cooker with the method for punching press Marking, the coating in the place of marking rice waterline can occur being worn away in multiple scrubbing process, wipe off, non-sticking lining comes off Situation.
Therefore, a kind of tick marks are researched and developed and clearly possess good combination power between intact, non-sticking lining and matrix, and The production method of tick marks with the good performances such as corrosion-resistant, wear-resistant, has important practical significance.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the invention is to overcome the drawbacks described above of the prior art, a kind of production method of tick marks is provided With non-stick pan tool and its manufacturing method, the production method of the tick marks can ensure in the clear intact feelings of tick marks Under condition, the non-sticking lining for possessing high-bond, high rigidity, high-wear resistance and high-corrosion resistance is formed on matrix.
To achieve these goals, in a first aspect, the present invention provides a kind of production method of tick marks, this method Including:
(1) base oil is sprayed in the inner surface of matrix, drying forms non-sticking lining bottom;
(2) in the surface spraying face of non-sticking lining bottom oil, sintering curing forms non-sticking lining surface layer;
Wherein, after non-sticking lining bottom is formed, before spray-coating surface oil or after non-sticking lining surface layer is formed, adopt With the mode of laser laser carving tick marks are formed on the surface of the non-sticking lining bottom.
Second aspect, the present invention provides a kind of non-stick pan tool, the non-stick pan tool includes cookware matrix and is formed in institute State the non-sticking lining on cookware base inner surface, the non-sticking lining includes non-sticking lining bottom and non-sticking lining surface layer, and The surface of the non-sticking lining bottom is formed with the tick marks of laser laser carving.
The third aspect, the present invention provides a kind of manufacturing method of non-stick pan tool, this method includes:In cookware matrix Non-sticking lining is formed on surface, the forming method of the non-sticking lining is according to the method for the present invention for making tick marks It carries out.
The present invention forms tick marks (in laser by the way of laser laser carving in non-sticking lining bottom surface for the first time It during laser carving, being not in contact with substrate material surface, is influenced from mechanical movement, matrix surface will not be scratched, deform, and From elastic, the flexible influence of basis material, soft material, while high precision machining are applicable to, speed is fast), it can ensure On the premise of tick marks are clearly intact, formed on matrix and possess high-bond (test of hundred lattice is 0 grade), high rigidity (ceramic coating may be up to 9H, and fluor resin coating is up to 1H), high abrasion (2.5kg load, 3M scouring pads, abrasion up to 1.5 ten thousand times More than) and high-corrosion resistance (salt water resistance is up to 4 more than the cycle) non-sticking lining, wherein, according to a kind of preferred embodiment, Nano silver ion antibiotic agent is added in the oil of face so that non-sticking lining has excellent antibacterial functions, can cater to consumer to cooking a meal Have the serial demand such as product coating health, health, and can ensure that the coating of entire cookware matrix surface has longer use Service life.
Other features and advantages of the present invention will be described in detail in subsequent specific embodiment part.
Specific embodiment
The specific embodiment of the present invention is described in detail below.It is it should be appreciated that described herein specific Embodiment is merely to illustrate and explain the present invention, and is not intended to limit the invention.
The endpoint of disclosed scope and any value are not limited to the accurate scope or value herein, these scopes or Value should be understood to comprising the value close to these scopes or value.For numberical range, between the endpoint value of each scope, respectively It between the endpoint value of a scope and individual point value and can be individually combined with each other between point value and obtain one or more New numberical range, these numberical ranges should be considered as specific open herein.
In a first aspect, the present invention provides a kind of production method of tick marks, this method includes:
(1) base oil is sprayed in the inner surface of matrix, drying forms non-sticking lining bottom;
(2) in the surface spraying face of non-sticking lining bottom oil, sintering curing forms non-sticking lining surface layer;
Wherein, after non-sticking lining bottom is formed, before spray-coating surface oil or after non-sticking lining surface layer is formed, adopt With the mode of laser laser carving tick marks are formed on the surface of the non-sticking lining bottom.
In the method for the present invention, in order to improve the adhesive force of non-sticking lining and matrix, under preferable case, this method is also wrapped It includes:Before step (1), first matrix is pre-processed.
For the specific method of pretreatment, there is no particular limitation, can be it is commonly used in the art it is various before spraying to base The method that body is pre-processed, wherein, when non-sticking lining is ceramic coating, the method for pretreatment can include:By matrix successively Carry out oil removal treatment, the first washing process, the first drying and processing, blasting treatment, alkali cleaning processing, neutralisation treatment, at the second washing Reason and the second drying and processing;When non-sticking lining is fluor resin coating, the method for pretreatment can include:Matrix is removed successively Oil processing, the first washing process, the first drying and processing, blasting treatment, alkali cleaning processing, neutralisation treatment, the second washing process, anode Oxidation processes, sealing pores and the second drying and processing.
Specifically, the condition of oil removal treatment can include:Temperature is 50-60 DEG C, and the time is 5-10 minutes.At oil removing There is no particular limitation for reason degreaser used, can be various degreasers commonly used in the art, such as can be taken off for alkalescent Fat agent (surfactant, phosphate etc.) or organic solvent etc., can be commercially available.
The condition of first washing process can include:It is cleaned up using tap water or deionized water dirty.
The condition of first drying and processing can include:Temperature is 60-120 DEG C, time 3-10min.People in the art Member can regard the big minor adjustment drying temperature of workpiece and time.
For the method for blasting treatment, there is no particular limitation, can be various methods commonly used in the art, as long as can By carrying out blasting treatment to base inner surface its inner surface is made to obtain certain surface roughness, such as 60- can be used The sand grains (such as glass sand, brown steel sand, black brown jade, white fused alumina, diamond dust) of 150 mesh, it is 0.2- to control Jet Stream pressure 0.9MPa, obtained roughness are about 2.0-5.0 μm.It, need to be by the remaining subtle powder of base inner surface after blasting treatment The removings such as last particle, for the method for removing, there is no particular limitation, and can be blown clean with high pressure draught can also pass through washing It removes, this is well known to the skilled person, and details are not described herein.
The condition of alkali cleaning processing can include:Temperature is 80-110 DEG C, and the time is -2 minutes 15 seconds.Do not have for alkali wash water It is special to limit, it can be various alkali wash waters commonly used in the art, such as can be the NaOH of 30-50 weight %, aforementioned temperature Al in alkali wash water can be controlled with the time3+Content is 10-60g/L.
The purpose of neutralisation treatment is to stay in the residue on workpiece after removing alkaline etching, and the condition of neutralisation treatment can include: It is handled 1-3 minutes using neutralizer under room temperature, neutralizer is the salpeter solution of 20-40 weight %.
The condition of second washing process can include:It carries out cleaning up lye and neutralization using tap water or deionized water Liquid.
The condition of anodized can include:Sulfuric acid concentration is 100-300g/L, Al in electrolyte3+Concentration is 8- 28g/L, temperature be 15-30 DEG C, oxidation voltage 12-22V, chain speed 2600-4000mm/min, control obtained by thickness of oxidation film be 2-5μm。
Boiling water sealing hole may be employed in sealing pores.
The condition of second drying and processing can include:Temperature is 60-120 DEG C, and the time is 3-10 minutes.People in the art Member can regard the big minor adjustment drying temperature of workpiece and time.
In the case of process of the present invention it is preferred, this method further includes:Before spraying, base oil knead dough oil is carried out respectively Maturation process.For the method for maturation process, there is no particular limitation, can be various methods commonly used in the art, such as can be with Including:According to the respective component of base oil knead dough oil, respective components are mixed, then carry out rolling curing under stiring.Tool The constituent species of body, the mixed proportion of component, rolling time and mixing speed can by using base oil knead dough oil carry out It determines and (can be operated by the commercially available respective operation instruction of base oil knead dough oil), this is ripe for those skilled in the art Know, details are not described herein.
In the method for the present invention, for base oil, there is no particular limitation, common each when can be pot in the spraying of this field Kind base oil, such as can be aqueous base oil or oiliness base oil, or organic fluorine base oil or ceramic coating base oil, it is foregoing Each base oil can be commercially available.Wherein, aqueous base oil can be inorganic SiO for ingredient after sintering commonly used in the art2With The various aqueous base oils of a small amount of resin, such as aqueous base oil can contain Ludox, filler, silicon fluoride, resin and water, specifically Ground, in terms of the weight of aqueous base oil, aqueous base oil can the Ludox containing 50-70wt%, the filler of 4-8wt%, 4- The water of the silicon fluoride of 8wt%, the resin of 4-8wt% and 6-38wt%.
In the method for the present invention, for face oil, there is no particular limitation, common each when can be pot in the spraying of this field Kind can forming the face oil of non-sticking lining surface layer, (wherein, when carrying out laser laser carving again after forming non-sticking lining surface layer, face is oily For the common various faces that can form transparent non-sticking lining surface layer are oily during pot in the spraying of this field), such as can be aqueous face Oil or oiliness face oil, or organic fluorine face oil or ceramic coating face oil, foregoing each face oil can be commercially available. Wherein, aqueous face oil can be mainly inorganic SiO for ingredient after sintering commonly used in the art2Various aqueous faces oil, such as water Property face oil can contain Ludox, filler, pearl powder and water, specifically, in terms of the weight of aqueous base oil, aqueous face oil can be with The water of the filler of Ludox, 4-8wt%, the pearl powder of 4-8wt% and 10-44wt% containing 40-60wt%.
In the case of process of the present invention it is preferred, face oil contains antiseptic, and the antiseptic is more preferably nano silver The complex antimicrobials that ion antibacterial agent, nano zine oxide or nano silver ion antibiotic agent are formed with nano zine oxide, further Preferably nano-silver ionic.On the basis of the weight of face oil, the content of the nano silver ion antibiotic agent in terms of silver ion is 0.5-5 weight %, further preferably 0.8-1.5 weight %.
In the method for the present invention, to ensure quality of forming film, can the pre-heat treatment first be carried out to matrix, to ensure to spray base oil When substrate temperature in the range of 30-60 DEG C.Under preferable case, in step (1), the condition of spraying includes:Substrate temperature is 30-60 DEG C, spray gun pressure 0.15-0.6MPa, spray gun bore is 0.8-1.5mm, spray distance 200-300mm, and it is 8- to control film thickness 25μm。
In the case of process of the present invention it is preferred, in step (1), the condition of drying includes:Temperature is 50-120 DEG C, when Between be 3-15min.The operation of drying can carry out in infra-red furnace, wherein, the temperature and time of drying should be controlled to cause base oil It can fully dry, otherwise easily generate pin hole, adhesive force can also decline, and base oil fully drying verifies as people in the art Known to member, details are not described herein.
In the case of process of the present invention it is preferred, in step (2), when face oil is slurry, the condition of spraying includes:Matrix Temperature is 30-60 DEG C, spray gun pressure 0.2-0.35MPa, and spray gun bore is 1-1.5mm, spray distance 200-300mm, is controlled It is 8-30 μm to be film-made thickness;Or
When face oil is powder, the condition of spraying includes:It is sprayed using electrostatic spraying mode, electrostatic gun voltage is 20-50kV, it is 30-80 μm to control film thickness.
In the case of process of the present invention it is preferred, in step (2), the condition of sintering curing includes:First at 60-100 DEG C 10-15min is managed, then handles 5-20min at 260-430 DEG C.Wherein, coat inside solvent is mainly completed in the processing of low-temperature zone And the volatilization of auxiliary agent, in the processing of high temperature section non-sticking lining is mainly made fully to cure.
In the case of process of the present invention it is preferred, in step (2), cool down to reduce crystallization after sintering curing Degree.Air-cooled mode wherein may be employed to cool down, this is well known to those skilled in the art, and details are not described herein.
In the method for the present invention, laser laser carving can carry out before spray-coating surface oil, in spray-coating surface oil and can also be formed It is carried out after non-sticking lining surface layer, under preferable case, the condition of laser laser carving includes:Mark frequency is 500-4000Hz, is emitted Time is 0.001-20 μ s, line-spacing 0.005-0.05mm, sweep speed 500-1500mm/s.Wherein, laser laser carving is filled out The mode of filling can be any one or a few in the modes such as single line filling, cross spider, stippled filling.Sweep speed can be according to tool Body situation is adjusted, if laser carving edge flash phenomenon occurs and sweep speed can be turned down a bit.
Wherein, the condition of laser laser carving further includes:Laser is carried out after non-sticking lining bottom is formed, before spray-coating surface oil Light source used is any light source during laser carving, such as can be red light source or cold light source, and cold light source is preferably green-light source or purple Radiant;When carrying out laser laser carving after forming non-sticking lining surface layer, light source used is cold light source, and the non-sticking lining Surface layer is transparent non-sticking lining surface layer, and the cold light source is more preferably green-light source or purple light light source.Wherein, this field skill Art personnel should be understood that laser laser carving can with direct etching non-sticking lining bottom (i.e. after non-sticking lining bottom is formed, The situation of laser laser carving is carried out before spray-coating surface oil) or non-sticking lining can be etched through transparent non-sticking lining surface layer Bottom (situation that laser laser carving is carried out i.e. after non-sticking lining surface layer is formed), two ways enables to non-sticking lining face Layer keeps excellent non-stick.When carrying out laser laser carving after forming non-sticking lining surface layer, green light or purple light etc need to be used Cold light source carved, red light source is not used as far as possible, because green light laser engraving machine (wavelength is about 532nm), purple light laser engraving machine are (about For wavelength 266nm) energy it is relatively low, feux rouges (wavelength is about 1064nm) energy is larger, may have burning to non-sticking lining surface layer Erosion is it is possible to influence the structure of non-sticking lining surface layer.
In the case of process of the present invention it is preferred, described matrix is aluminum pot matrix or aluminium-stainless steel complex matrix.According to The method of the present invention can complete the preparation of the non-sticking lining containing tick marks (logo) on pot matrix.Wherein, this hair Tick marks in bright include level scale line, number and explanatory note etc..
Second aspect, the present invention provides a kind of non-stick pan tool, the non-stick pan tool includes cookware matrix and is formed in institute State the non-sticking lining on cookware base inner surface, the non-sticking lining includes non-sticking lining bottom and non-sticking lining surface layer, and The surface of the non-sticking lining bottom is formed with the tick marks of laser laser carving.
In the non-stick pan tool of the present invention, under preferable case, the non-stick pan tool is not viscous aluminum pot or does not glue aluminium-stainless steel double Close pot.Wherein, the non-stick pan tool can be electric cooker or electric pressure cooking saucepan.
The present invention non-stick pan tool in, under preferable case, the non-sticking lining for water-based fluororesin coating, ceramic coating or PFA powder coatings.
Non-stick pan tool according to the present invention, non-sticking lining can be according to the production methods of the foregoing tick marks of the present invention It is formed, is not repeated to describe herein.
The third aspect, the present invention provides a kind of manufacturing method of non-stick pan tool, this method includes:In cookware matrix Form non-sticking lining on surface, the forming method of the non-sticking lining according to tick marks of the present invention production method It carries out.
Embodiment
The present invention will be described in detail by way of examples below.It is unless otherwise instructed, used in following embodiment Each material is commercially available, and each method used is the common method of this field.
Nano silver ion antibiotic agent is purchased from day this stone MoundXiao subsidiary, trade mark IONPURE.
For the aqueous base oil of ceramics purchased from Xin Xier Chemical Co., Ltd.s of Zhongshan city, the trade mark is SSG-9338MO-1717P (bottoms Oil), including component A, B component, component C.
For the aqueous face oil of ceramics purchased from Xin Xier Chemical Co., Ltd.s of Zhongshan city, the trade mark is SSG-9338MO-1717T (faces Oil), including component A, B component, component C.
Wherein, the method for the aqueous base oil of curing ceramics includes:(1) component A, B component are pressed 1.2:1 weight ratio is mixed It closes, the curing rolling 6h under 100 revs/min of rotating speed;(2) component C is individually rolled into 6h under 100 revs/min of rotating speed;(3) will The A+B blending ingredients for curing 6h and component C are rolled respectively according to 1.5:1 weight ratio is mixed, in 100 revs/min of rotating speed Lower rolling 50min, then with the strainer filtering of 400 mesh.
The method of the aqueous face oil of curing ceramics includes:(1) component A, B component are pressed 1.25:1 weight ratio is mixed, Curing rolls 6h under 100 revs/min of rotating speed;(2) component C is individually rolled into 6h under 100 revs/min of rotating speed;It (3) will be respectively The A+B blending ingredients for curing 6h and component C are rolled according to 9:1 weight ratio is mixed, and adds in nanometer to aforementioned mixture Silver ion antimicrobial agent rolls 50min under 100 revs/min of rotating speed, then with the strainer filtering of 150 mesh.
Embodiment 1
(1) aluminum pot matrix is pre-processed, wherein the method pre-processed includes:A) oil removing 8 minutes at a temperature of 55 DEG C; B) cleaned with deionized water;C) 100 DEG C of drying 5min;D) the brown steel sand of 60-80 mesh is used, in the Jet Stream pressure of 0.6MPa Under blasting treatment is carried out to aluminum pot base inner surface, then the remaining powder particle of pot base inner surface is dried up with air-flow Only;E) with the NaOH solution of 40 weight % at a temperature of 80 DEG C alkali cleaning 1 minute;F) in the salpeter solution of 20 weight % and 3 points Clock;G) after being cleaned with deionized water, dried 8 minutes at 80 DEG C;
(2) aluminum pot inner surface is preheated to 55 DEG C, in the aqueous base oil of ceramics of aluminum pot inner surface spraying curing, wherein, spray The condition of painting includes:Temperature is 55 DEG C, spray gun pressure 0.45MPa, and spray gun bore is 1.0mm, spray distance 25cm, is controlled Film thickness is 22 μm;
(3) pot for being coated with the aqueous base oil of ceramics is put into infra-red furnace, dry 10min, forms thickness at 55 DEG C For 22 μm of non-sticking lining bottom;
(4) the aqueous face oil of ceramics cured in the surface spraying of non-sticking lining bottom, wherein, with the weight of the aqueous face oil of ceramics On the basis of amount, the content for the nano silver ion antibiotic agent counted in the aqueous face oil of ceramics using silver ion is 1 weight %, the condition of spraying Including:Temperature is 45 DEG C, spray gun pressure 0.35MPa, and spray gun bore is 1.2mm, spray distance 25cm, and it is 10 to control film thickness μm;
(5) the first dry 12min in 70 DEG C of infra-red furnace, then 15min, shape are sintered in 280 DEG C of electric furnace by pot It is then air-cooled to 25 DEG C into the non-sticking lining surface layer that thickness is 10 μm;
(6) using green light laser engraving machine by the way of laser laser carving graduation mark mark is formed on the surface of non-sticking lining bottom Note, wherein, the condition of laser laser carving includes:Mark frequency is 2000Hz, and launch time is 5 μ s, line-spacing 0.025mm, is scanned Speed is 1100mm/s;Non-stick pan tool A1 is obtained, wherein, tick marks understand intact.
Embodiment 2
According to the method for embodiment 1, the difference is that, step (2)-(6) are as follows:
(2) aluminum pot inner surface is preheated to 40 DEG C, in the aqueous base oil of ceramics of aluminum pot inner surface spraying curing, wherein, spray The condition of painting includes:Temperature is 40 DEG C, spray gun pressure 0.3MPa, and spray gun bore is 0.8mm, spray distance 20cm, is controlled Film thickness is 20 μm;
(3) pot for being coated with the aqueous base oil of ceramics is put into infra-red furnace, dry 15min, forms thickness at 50 DEG C For 20 μm of non-sticking lining bottom;
(4) the aqueous face oil of ceramics cured in the surface spraying of non-sticking lining bottom, wherein, with the weight of the aqueous face oil of ceramics On the basis of amount, the content for the nano silver ion antibiotic agent counted in the aqueous face oil of ceramics using silver ion is 1.5 weight %, the item of spraying Part includes:Temperature is 40 DEG C, spray gun pressure 0.3MPa, and spray gun bore is 1.5mm, spray distance 30cm, and it is 8 to control film thickness μm;
(5) the first dry 15min in 60 DEG C of infra-red furnace, then 20min, shape are sintered in 260 DEG C of electric furnace by pot It is then air-cooled to 25 DEG C into the non-sticking lining surface layer that thickness is 8 μm;
(6) using purple light laser engraving machine by the way of laser laser carving graduation mark mark is formed on the surface of non-sticking lining bottom Note, wherein, the condition of laser laser carving includes:Mark frequency is 1000Hz, and launch time is 10 μ s, line-spacing 0.035mm, is scanned Speed is 800mm/s;Non-stick pan tool A2 is obtained, wherein, tick marks understand intact.
Embodiment 3
According to the method for embodiment 1, the difference is that, step (2)-(6) are as follows:
(2) aluminum pot inner surface is preheated to 60 DEG C, in the aqueous base oil of ceramics of aluminum pot inner surface spraying curing, wherein, spray The condition of painting includes:Temperature is 60 DEG C, spray gun pressure 0.6MPa, and spray gun bore is 1.2mm, spray distance 30cm, is controlled Film thickness is 25 μm;
(3) pot for being coated with the aqueous base oil of ceramics is put into infra-red furnace, the dry 6min at 80 DEG C, forming thickness is 25 μm of non-sticking lining bottom;
(4) using green light laser engraving machine by the way of laser laser carving graduation mark mark is formed on the surface of non-sticking lining bottom Note, wherein, the condition of laser laser carving includes:Mark frequency is 2500Hz, and launch time is 15 μ s, line-spacing 0.01mm, is scanned Speed is 1200mm/s;
(5) the aqueous face oil of ceramics cured in the surface spraying of the non-sticking lining bottom after laser laser carving, wherein, with On the basis of the weight of the aqueous face oil of ceramics, the content of the nano silver ion antibiotic agent in the aqueous face oil of ceramics in terms of silver ion is 0.8 weight %, the condition of spraying include:Temperature be 60 DEG C, spray gun pressure 0.3MPa, spray gun bore be 1.0mm, spray distance For 20cm, it is 12 μm to control film thickness;
(6) the first dry 10min in 90 DEG C of infra-red furnace, then be sintered 8min in 350 DEG C of electric furnace by pot, forms Thickness is 12 μm of non-sticking lining surface layer, then air-cooled to 25 DEG C;Non-stick pan tool A3 is obtained, wherein, tick marks have understood It is good.
Embodiment 4
According to the method for embodiment 3, the difference is that, in step (4), using feux rouges laser engraving machine by the way of laser laser carving Tick marks are formed on the surface of non-sticking lining bottom, wherein, the condition of laser laser carving includes:Mark frequency is 4000Hz, Launch time is 20 μ s, line-spacing 0.01mm, sweep speed 500mm/s.
Embodiment 5
(1) aluminum pot matrix is pre-processed, wherein the method pre-processed includes:A) oil removing 8 minutes at a temperature of 55 DEG C; B) cleaned with deionized water;C) dry 5 minutes for 100 DEG C;D) the brown steel sand of 60-80 mesh is used, in the Jet Stream pressure of 0.6MPa Blasting treatment is carried out to aluminum pot base inner surface under power, is then dried up the remaining powder particle of pot base inner surface with air-flow Only;E) with the NaOH solution of 40 weight % at a temperature of 80 DEG C alkali cleaning 1 minute;F) in the salpeter solution of 20 weight % and 3 points Clock;G) after being cleaned with deionized water;H) anodized is carried out, wherein, the condition of anodized includes:Sulfuric acid concentration For 200g/L, Al in electrolyte3+Concentration is 18g/L, and temperature is 25 DEG C, oxidation voltage 18V, chain speed 3000mm/min, control System gained thickness of oxidation film is 4 μm;I) boiling water sealing hole is used;J) dry 8 minutes at 80 DEG C.
(2) aluminum pot inner surface is preheated to 55 DEG C, (is purchased from big in the organic fluorine base oil of aluminum pot inner surface spraying curing Golden fluoro coatings (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., trade mark EK-1909S-670L, the method for curing organic fluorine base oil include:It uses Ball mill disperses 50min under the rotating speed of 50rpm, and is filtered with 200 mesh filter screens), wherein, the condition of spraying includes:Temperature is 55 DEG C, spray gun pressure 0.35MPa, spray gun bore is 1.0mm, spray distance 25cm, and it is 10 μm to control film thickness;
(3) pot for being coated with organic fluorine base oil is put into infra-red furnace, the dry 15min at 85 DEG C is formed thick Spend the non-sticking lining bottom for 10 μm;
(4) the organic fluorine face oil cured in the surface spraying of non-sticking lining bottom (is purchased from great Jin fluoro coatings (Shanghai) Co., Ltd, trade mark EK-3793M-608L, the method for curing organic fluorine face oil include:Nano silver is added in into face oil Ion antibacterial agent disperses 50min using ball mill under the rotating speed of 50rpm, and is filtered with 150 mesh filter screens), wherein, with organic On the basis of the weight of fluororesin face oil, the content for the nano silver ion antibiotic agent counted in the oil of organic fluorine face using silver ion is 1 Weight %, the condition of spraying include:Temperature is 35 DEG C, spray gun pressure 0.35MPa, and spray gun bore is 1.2mm, and spray distance is 25cm, it is 25 μm to control film thickness;
(5) the first dry 15min in 100 DEG C of infra-red furnace, then 20min, shape are sintered in 380 DEG C of electric furnace by pot It is then air-cooled to 25 DEG C into the non-sticking lining surface layer that thickness is 25 μm;
(6) using green light laser engraving machine by the way of laser laser carving graduation mark mark is formed on the surface of non-sticking lining bottom Note, wherein, the condition of laser laser carving includes:Mark frequency is 2000Hz, and launch time is 5 μ s, line-spacing 0.025mm, is scanned Speed is 1100mm/s;Non-stick pan tool A5 is obtained, wherein, tick marks understand intact.
Embodiment 6
According to the method for embodiment 5, the difference is that, step (4)-(6) are:
(4) using feux rouges laser engraving machine by the way of laser laser carving graduation mark mark is formed on the surface of non-sticking lining bottom Note, wherein, the condition of laser laser carving includes:Mark frequency is 3500Hz, and launch time is 18 μ s, line-spacing 0.01mm, is scanned Speed is 1000mm/s;
(5) the organic fluorine face oil cured in the surface spraying of the non-sticking lining bottom after laser laser carving (is purchased from Dajin Fluorine Coating (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., trade mark EK-3793M-608L, the method for curing organic fluorine face oil include:To Nano silver ion antibiotic agent is added in the oil of face, disperses 50min under the rotating speed of 50rpm using ball mill, and with 150 mesh filter screen mistakes Filter), wherein, on the basis of the weight of organic fluorine face oil, the nano-silver ionic in the oil of organic fluorine face in terms of silver ion The content of antiseptic is 1 weight %, and the condition of spraying includes:Temperature is 35 DEG C, spray gun pressure 0.35MPa, and spray gun bore is 1.2mm, spray distance 25cm, it is 25 μm to control film thickness;
(6) the first dry 10min in 90 DEG C of infra-red furnace, then 20min, shape are sintered in 350 DEG C of electric furnace by pot It is then air-cooled to 25 DEG C into the non-sticking lining surface layer that thickness is 25 μm;Non-stick pan tool A6 is obtained, wherein, tick marks understand It is intact.
Embodiment 7
According to the method for embodiment 5, the difference is that, step (2)-(6) are:
(2) aluminum pot inner surface is preheated to 55 DEG C, (is purchased from big in the organic fluorine base oil of aluminum pot inner surface spraying curing Golden fluoro coatings (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., trade mark EK-1209M8L, the method for curing organic fluorine base oil include:Use ball milling Machine disperses 50min under the rotating speed of 50rpm, and is filtered with 200 mesh filter screens), wherein, the condition of spraying includes:Temperature is 55 DEG C, Spray gun pressure is 0.35MPa, and spray gun bore is 1.0mm, spray distance 25cm, and it is 10 μm to control film thickness;
(3) pot for being coated with organic fluorine base oil is put into infra-red furnace, the dry 15min at 85 DEG C is formed thick Spend the non-sticking lining bottom for 10 μm;
(4) mode of electrostatic spraying is used to spray organic fluorine face oil on the surface of non-sticking lining bottom (for powder, to purchase From Dajin Fluorine Coating (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., trade mark ACX-34), wherein, on the basis of the weight of organic fluorine face oil, have As 1 weight %, the condition of spraying includes the content for the nano silver ion antibiotic agent counted in the oil of machine fluororesin face using silver ion:Cooling To room temperature, electrostatic gun voltage is 30kV, and it is 50 μm to control film thickness;
(5) the first dry 15min in 100 DEG C of infra-red furnace, then 20min, shape are sintered in 380 DEG C of electric furnace by pot It is then air-cooled to 25 DEG C into the non-sticking lining surface layer that thickness is 50 μm;
(6) using green light laser engraving machine by the way of laser laser carving graduation mark mark is formed on the surface of non-sticking lining bottom Note, wherein, the condition of laser laser carving includes:Mark frequency is 2000Hz, and launch time is 5 μ s, line-spacing 0.025mm, is scanned Speed is 1100mm/s;Non-stick pan tool A7 is obtained, wherein, tick marks understand intact.
Embodiment 8
According to the method for embodiment 7, the difference is that, step (4)-(6) are:
(4) using feux rouges laser engraving machine by the way of laser laser carving graduation mark mark is formed on the surface of non-sticking lining bottom Note, wherein, the condition of laser laser carving includes:Mark frequency is 3500Hz, and launch time is 18 μ s, line-spacing 0.01mm, is scanned Speed is 1000mm/s;
(5) Organic fluoride tree is sprayed by the way of electrostatic spraying on the surface of the non-sticking lining bottom after laser laser carving Fat face oil (for powder, purchased from Dajin Fluorine Coating (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., trade mark ACX-34), wherein, with organic fluorine face On the basis of the weight of oil, the content for the nano silver ion antibiotic agent counted in the oil of organic fluorine face using silver ion is 1 weight %, spray The condition of painting includes:It is cooled to room temperature, electrostatic gun voltage is 30kV, and it is 50 μm to control film thickness;
(6) the first dry 10min in 90 DEG C of infra-red furnace, then 20min, shape are sintered in 350 DEG C of electric furnace by pot It is then air-cooled to 25 DEG C into the non-sticking lining surface layer that thickness is 50 μm;Non-stick pan tool A8 is obtained, wherein, tick marks understand It is intact.
Embodiment 9
According to the method for embodiment 1, unlike, in the aqueous face oil of ceramics and it is added without nano silver ion antibiotic agent. Have A9 to non-stick pan, wherein, tick marks understand intact.
Test example
The non-stick pan tool A1-A9 (pot in i.e.) that embodiment 1-9 is obtained, is tested as follows.
1st, acid and alkali resistance, salt:
(1) it is acidproof:The acetum that concentration is 5 weight % is added in into interior pot until interior pot inner wall maximum scale water level Interior pot is put into energization closing lid laser heating in corresponding stew and boils (holding fluidized state) 10 minutes by place, then 100 DEG C of heat preservation leachings Steep 24 it is small when, interior pot is cleaned up after the test, visually inspect coating surface changing condition, the results are shown in Table 1.
(2) it is alkaline-resisting:The sodium hydroxide solution that concentration is 0.5 weight % is added in into interior pot until interior pot inner wall maximum quarter It spends at water level, interior pot, which is put into energization closing lid laser heating in corresponding stew, boils (holding fluidized state) 10 minutes, then 100 DEG C When heat-insulation soaking 24 is small, interior pot is cleaned up after the test, coating surface changing condition is visually inspected, the results are shown in Table 1.
(3) salt tolerant:The sodium chloride solution that concentration is 5 weight % is added in into interior pot until interior pot inner wall maximum scale water Position place, interior pot be put into energization closing lid laser heating in corresponding pot boil 8 it is small when (it is every 2 it is small when amount of makeup water 1 time, liquid level is protected Hold the position in on-test), it is a cycle when 80 DEG C of heat preservations 16 are small, visually inspecting coating surface after each cycle experiment becomes There is the periodicity of the bad phenomenons such as blistering, salient point, the results are shown in Table 1 in change situation, record coating.
2nd, scratch-resistant:According to GB/T 6739-1996 gently, hardness-testing device is put down to the coating surface in A1-A9 respectively, use Hand catches pulley both sides, and with the speed of 10cm/s to 10mm is pushed forward, whether observation coating surface is scraped off, according to Mitsubishi's pencil hardness Order, by soft to progressively testing firmly, the maximum hardness for the pencil that record coating surface will not be scratched completely, as coating Scratch resistance scratch hardness, the results are shown in Table 1.
3rd, with reference to power:According to GB/T 9286-1998,1mm is drawn on the coating of A1-A9 respectively with blade2Square it is small 100 lattice of lattice cling coating in same 45 ° of diagonal positions with " 3M610 test tapes ", then with the quick pull-up adhesive plaster in 90 ° of angles, weight It is 3 times multiple, according to the grade scale of table 1 in GB/T 9286-1998, grade is recorded, the results are shown in Table 1.
4th, it is wear-resisting:With liquid detergent compound concentration be 5 weight % washings, 3M (7447C) scouring pad, heavy burden 2.5kgf, The one way that swings is 1 time, and whether every 250 replacements scouring pad, every 250 inspections coating has exposing base material (to expose >=10 Lines are termination test), and abrasion resistance is recorded, it the results are shown in Table 1.
5th, antibiotic property:A1-A9 is measured to staphylococcus aureus and escherichia coli according to GB/T21866-2008 Antibiotic rate the results are shown in Table 2.
Table 1
As it can be seen from table 1 the method for the present invention can ensure on the premise of tick marks are clearly intact, in matrix Upper formation possesses the non-sticking lining of high-bond, high rigidity, high-wear resistance and high-corrosion resistance.
Table 2
Escherichia coli antibiotic rate Staphylococcus aureus antibiotic rate
A1 98.68% 97.35%
A2 99.99% 99.99%
A3 91.53% 93.46%
A4 91.46% 93.58%
A5 98.54% 97.23%
A6 98.45% 97.15%
A7 98.65% 97.25%
A8 98.24% 97.30%
A9 15.98% 13.15%
From table 2 it can be seen that face oil of the spraying containing nano silver ion antibiotic agent, thus obtained pot on pot matrix Body has excellent antibiotic property.
The preferred embodiment of the present invention has been described above in detail, still, during present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above Detail, within the scope of the technical concept of the present invention, a variety of simple variants can be carried out to technical scheme, this A little simple variants all belong to the scope of protection of the present invention.
It is further to note that the specific technical features described in the above specific embodiments, in not lance In the case of shield, can be combined by any suitable means, in order to avoid unnecessary repetition, the present invention to it is various can The combination of energy no longer separately illustrates.
In addition, various embodiments of the present invention can be combined randomly, as long as it is without prejudice to originally The thought of invention, it should also be regarded as the disclosure of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of production method of tick marks, which is characterized in that this method includes:
(1) base oil is sprayed in the inner surface of matrix, drying forms non-sticking lining bottom;
(2) in the surface spraying face of non-sticking lining bottom oil, sintering curing forms non-sticking lining surface layer;
Wherein, after non-sticking lining bottom is formed, before spray-coating surface oil or after non-sticking lining surface layer is formed, using sharp The mode of light laser carving forms tick marks on the surface of the non-sticking lining bottom.
2. according to the method described in claim 1, wherein, in step (1), the condition of spraying includes:Substrate temperature is 30-60 DEG C, spray gun pressure 0.15-0.6MPa, spray gun bore is 0.8-1.5mm, spray distance 200-300mm, and it is 8- to control film thickness 25μm。
3. method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein, in step (1), the condition of drying includes:Temperature is 50-120 DEG C, time 3-15min.
4. according to the method described in any one in claim 1-3, wherein, in step (2), the condition of spraying includes:Matrix Temperature is 30-60 DEG C, spray pressure 0.2-0.35MPa, and spray gun bore is 1-1.5mm, spray distance 200-300mm, is controlled It is 8-30 μm to be film-made thickness;Or
The condition of spraying includes:It is sprayed using electrostatic spraying mode, electrostatic gun voltage is 20-50kV, controls the film thickness to be 30-80μm。
5. according to the method described in any one in claim 1-4, wherein, in step (2), the condition of sintering curing includes: 10-15min first is handled at 60-100 DEG C, then handles 5-20min at 260-430 DEG C.
6. according to the method described in any one in claim 1-5, wherein, the condition of laser laser carving includes:Mark frequency is 500-4000Hz, launch time are 0.001-20 μ s, line-spacing 0.005-0.05mm, sweep speed 500-1500mm/s;
Preferably, the condition of laser laser carving further includes:After non-sticking lining bottom is formed, laser radium is carried out before spray-coating surface oil Light source used is red light source or cold light source during carving, and the cold light source is more preferably green-light source or purple light light source;In shape Be cold light source into light source used when laser laser carving is carried out after non-sticking lining surface layer, and the non-sticking lining surface layer for it is transparent not Adhesive coating layer surface layer, the cold light source are more preferably green-light source or purple light light source.
7. according to the method described in any one in claim 1-6, wherein, this method further includes:Before step (1), first Matrix is pre-processed;
Preferably, the method for the pretreatment includes:Matrix is carried out to oil removal treatment, the first washing process, the first drying successively Processing, blasting treatment, alkali cleaning processing, neutralisation treatment, the second washing process, optional anodized, at optional sealing of hole Reason and the second drying and processing.
8. according to the method described in any one in claim 1-7, wherein, the face oil contains nano silver ion antibiotic agent, On the basis of the weight of face oil, the content for the nano silver ion antibiotic agent counted using silver ion is preferably as 0.5-5 weight % 0.8-1.5 weight %.
9. a kind of non-stick pan tool, which is characterized in that the non-stick pan tool includes cookware matrix and is formed in the cookware matrix Non-sticking lining on surface, the non-sticking lining include non-sticking lining bottom and non-sticking lining surface layer, and in the non-sticking lining The surface of bottom is formed with the tick marks of laser laser carving;
Preferably, the non-sticking lining is water-based fluororesin coating, ceramic coating or PFA powder coatings.
10. a kind of manufacturing method of non-stick pan tool, which is characterized in that this method includes:It is formed on the inner surface of cookware matrix Non-sticking lining, the forming method of the non-sticking lining are carried out according to the method described in any one in claim 1-8.
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