CN108061460A - dryer - Google Patents

dryer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108061460A
CN108061460A CN201711020907.4A CN201711020907A CN108061460A CN 108061460 A CN108061460 A CN 108061460A CN 201711020907 A CN201711020907 A CN 201711020907A CN 108061460 A CN108061460 A CN 108061460A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
working medium
pump
heat
gas
temperature
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711020907.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
于伶
张浩雷
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sanhe Refrigeration Ltd By Share Ltd
Original Assignee
Sanhe Refrigeration Ltd By Share Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sanhe Refrigeration Ltd By Share Ltd filed Critical Sanhe Refrigeration Ltd By Share Ltd
Priority to CN201711020907.4A priority Critical patent/CN108061460A/en
Publication of CN108061460A publication Critical patent/CN108061460A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B23/00Heating arrangements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B41/00Fluid-circulation arrangements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B41/00Fluid-circulation arrangements
    • F25B41/30Expansion means; Dispositions thereof
    • F25B41/37Capillary tubes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/70Efficient control or regulation technologies, e.g. for control of refrigerant flow, motor or heating

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of dryer, including:Cold pump is used to absorb the heat and moisture of fabric, and the working medium through supercooling pump has the first humidity and the first temperature;Heat pump is used to receive the working medium by the cold pump, and heat is discharged into air, and working medium has the second humidity and second temperature after the heat pump;First temperature is more than the second temperature, and first humidity is more than second humidity;Compressor is used to receive the working medium of the cold pump, and working medium is compressed into the refrigerant vapor of high temperature and pressure, and the working medium of compression is fed in the heat pump, increases heat for fabric.The present invention carries out dehumidifying heat absorption using the principle of heat pump, so as to be dried for fabric, is dried compared to using electrically heated mode, cost is relatively low.Condensation efficiency is improved, with few electric energy with regard to higher heat can be obtained.And constant temperature can be controlled always, it is ensured that fabric fibre is indeformable, ensures that fabric is injury-free.The energy can be saved, than commonly drying energy saving 66%, while the discharge capacity of the pollutants such as CO2 is reduced, meets environmental requirement, realize the effect of energy-saving and emission-reduction.

Description

Dryer
Technical field
The present invention relates to thermodynamic cycle technical field more particularly to a kind of dryers.
Background technology
Traditional fabric drying machine is widely used in the objects such as all kinds of clothings (clothes, bedding, bed, cushion) textile Material drying, is heated mostly using electrical heating or steam, and drying cost is high;It can not ensure that drying temperature is constant, the pollutants such as CO2 Discharge capacity it is high, can not large-scale promotion application on the market.
The content of the invention
For the above-mentioned technical problems in the prior art, the embodiment provides a kind of dryers.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the embodiment of the present invention the technical solution adopted is that:
A kind of dryer, including:
Cold pump is used to absorb the heat and moisture of fabric, and the working medium through supercooling pump has the first humidity and the first temperature;
Heat pump is used to receive the working medium by the cold pump, and working medium has the second humidity and the after the heat pump Two temperature;First temperature is more than the second temperature, and first humidity is more than second humidity;
Compressor, is used to receive the working medium of the cold pump, and working medium is compressed, and the working medium of compression is fed the heat pump In.
Preferably, it is additionally provided with air-cooled condenser between the heat pump and the cold pump;The air-cooled condenser is used to connect The working medium of the heat pump is received, and the cold pump is fed after working medium is cooled down.
Preferably, filter is additionally provided between the cold pump and air-cooled condenser, the filter is used to receive institute The working medium of air-cooled condenser is stated, and for filtering the working medium.
Preferably, the dryer further includes gas-liquid separator, the gas-liquid separator be arranged at the cold pump with it is described Between filter, the gas-liquid separator is for the steam in separation working medium to a certain extent.
Preferably, the gas-liquid separator is connected with the import of the cold pump, and the cold pump passes through the gas for receiving The working medium of liquid/gas separator.
Preferably, the outlet of the cold pump is connected with the gas-liquid separator, working medium and filter point through cold pump cooling From working medium carry out heat exchange so that the steam of the working medium after being filtered liquefies in gas-liquid separator.
Preferably, it is provided with first pressure gauge on the pipeline between the cold pump and the compressor.
Preferably, the pipeline between the cold pump and the compressor, with the pipe between the compressor and the heat pump Pressure controller is provided between road.
Preferably, it is provided with second pressure gauge on the pipeline between the compressor and the heat pump.
Preferably, the gas-liquid separator is heat exchanger.
Compared with prior art, the advantageous effect for the dryer that the embodiment of the present invention is provided is:The present invention utilizes heat The principle of pump carries out dehumidifying heat absorption, so as to being dried for fabric, is dried compared to using electrically heated mode, cost compared with It is low.And constant temperature can be controlled always, it is ensured that fabric fibre is indeformable, while also reduces the discharge capacity of the pollutants such as CO2, realizes The effect of energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram for the dryer that the embodiment of the present invention provides.
Fig. 2 is that the master of the heat exchanger for the dryer that the embodiment of the present invention provides cuts open structure diagram.
Fig. 3 is the sectional view along A-A of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the enlarged view of the local B of Fig. 3.
In figure:
1- first pressure gauges;2- pressure controllers;3- second pressure gauges;4- air-cooled condensers;5- heat pumps;6- gas-liquid separations Device;The cold pumps of 7-;8- capillaries;9- switch valves;10- filters;11- fans;12- compressors;100- housings;200- partition plates; 300- laths;400- first flows;500- second flow channels;601- spoilers;602- springs;The first diversion belts of 700-.
Specific embodiment
For those skilled in the art is made to be better understood from technical scheme, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiment party Formula elaborates to the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, embodiment of the invention discloses that a kind of dryer, the dryer include:Heat pump 5, it is cold pump 7 and Compressor 12.Cold pump 7 for absorbing the heat and moisture of fabric, (including gas, with gas made below by the working medium through supercooling pump 7 To be introduced exemplified by working medium) there is the first humidity and the first temperature, the humidity value of the first humidity is higher, the temperature of the first temperature Value is higher, i.e. gas becomes the gas of low-temp low-pressure after the heat and moisture of fabric are absorbed after supercooling pump 7;Heat pump 5 is used In receiving the gas through supercooling pump 7, gas has the second humidity and second temperature after heat pump 5;First temperature is more than second Temperature, the first humidity are more than the second humidity;The temperature value of second temperature is smaller, and the humidity value of the second humidity is also smaller, that is, It says, after supercooling pump 7, the gas as working medium is the gas of low-temp low-pressure.Compressor 12 is used to receive the gas of cold pump 7, and By gas compression, the gas of compression is fed in heat pump 5 to heat to fabric again, makes full use of the heat of heat pump 5.
The present invention carries out dehumidifying heat absorption using the principle of heat pump 5, electrically heated compared to utilizing so as to be dried for fabric Mode is dried, and cost is relatively low.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, it is additionally provided with air-cooled condenser 4 between heat pump 5 and cold pump 7;It is air-cooled cold Condenser 4 is used to receive the gas of heat pump 5, and cold pump 7 is fed after gas is cooled down.In the present embodiment, air-cooled condenser 4 is used for To once it be cooled down first into the gas before cold pump 7.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, it (is cooled down) by fan 11 with air-cooled condenser 4 in cold pump 7 Between be additionally provided with filter 10, filter 10 is used to receive the gas of air-cooled condenser 4, and for filtering the gas.The filtering Device 10 is used to filter the impurity in gas, to prevent impurity from blocking pipeline.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, dryer further includes gas-liquid separator 6, and gas-liquid separator 6 is arranged at Between cold pump 7 and filter 10, gas-liquid separator 6 is for the steam in separation working medium to a certain extent.Make the humidity of gas It is reduced to certain humidity value.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, gas-liquid separator 6 is connected with the import of cold pump 7, and cold pump 7 is used to receive By the gas of gas-liquid separator 6.The outlet of cold pump 7 is connected with gas-liquid separator 6, is also set between cold pump 7 and gas-liquid separator 6 Capillary 8 is equipped with, the gas through cold 7 cooling of pump carries out heat exchange so as to be filtered by filter 10 with 10 separated working medium of filter The steam of gas afterwards liquefies in gas-liquid separator 6.In the present embodiment, using the gas of cold 7 cooling of pump with passing through filter 10 separated gases carry out heat exchange, and make to be cooled down by 10 separated gas of filter, have saved and have been individually for by filter The 10 separated required energy of gas, capacity usage ratio are high.Preferably, the outlet of filter 10 and gas-liquid separator 6 it Between be additionally provided with switch valve 9, when switch valve 9 is opened, from filter 10 come out gas it is direct without gas-liquid separator 6 Into cold pump 7.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, it is provided with first pressure on the pipeline between cold pump 7 and compressor 12 Table 1.The first pressure gauge 1 is low-pressure meter, for monitoring the pressure of the gas before being compressed through compressor 12.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the pipeline between cold pump 7 and compressor 12, with compressor 12 and heat pump Pressure controller 2 is provided between pipeline between 5.The pressure controller 2 for compare gas before compression with after compression it Between pressure differential, to control the operation power of compressor 12.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, it is provided with second pressure on the pipeline between compressor 12 and heat pump 5 Table 3.Second pressure gauge 3 is high pressure gauge, which is used to monitor the pressure of gas after compression.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, as shown in Figures 2 to 4, heat exchanger is selected as gas-liquid separator 6, The heat exchanger be used to making from the relatively low liquid of temperature of cold pump outflow and the temperature that is flowed out from filter it is higher be mixed with steam Gaseous working medium carry out heat exchange, after the gaseous working medium and liquid carry out heat exchange, the vapor liquefaction in gaseous working medium, so as to The relatively low humidity of gaseous working medium, so as to be conducive to the follow-up heat exchange of working medium.
Heat exchanger of the prior art usually has there are two runner, and cryogen to be flowed through from one of runner, high temperature Fluid is flowed through from another runner, the heat exchange of so achievable high temperature fluid and cryogen.However, wherein, two runners Inner wall smooth, what this runner with smooth inner wall caused the low temperature flowed wherein and high temperature be all liquid fluid with Identical flow velocity so that heat exchange is more abundant.
And the fluid of heat exchange to be used in the present invention as fluid liquid (low temperature) and gas working medium (gaseous fluid).If respectively Make two fluids respectively by smooth runner, since the runner of gas working medium is much larger than the mobility of liquid fluid so that Flow velocity of the gas working medium in runner is more than flow velocity of the fluid liquid in runner, so that gas working medium is in time for not yet It is just flowed out with fluid liquid heat exchange from heat exchanger, causes heat exchange efficiency poor, it is impossible to fully by the vapor in gaseous working medium Liquefaction.
To solve the above problems, in a preferred embodiment of the invention, providing a kind of new heat exchanger, such as scheme Shown in 2 to 4, which includes housing 100, is arranged in housing 100 and by the inside division of housing 100 into two chambers Partition plate 200 is arranged at intervals multiple laths 300 in one of chamber, first flow 400 is formed between adjacent slat 300, at it In multiple laths 300 are also arranged at intervals in another chamber, form second flow channel 500 between adjacent slat 300, filter and the One runner 400 connects to flow through the gaseous working medium of filter with formed each first flow 400 by the first diversion belt 700 (containing vapor) flows through first flow 400, cold pump by the second diversion belt connected with each second flow channel 500 formed with The liquid from cold pump outflow is made to flow through second flow channel 500.Wherein, reducing-flow structure is set in first flow 400, the reducing-flow structure For limiting the gaseous working medium for flowing through first flow 400, so that the reduced velocity flow of gaseous working medium, flows through so as to extend gaseous working medium Time in first flow 400, so as to extend and flow through the liquid heat exchange time of second flow channel 500, raising is changed with the liquid The thermal efficiency so that more vapor liquefaction in gaseous working medium.Specifically, which includes a spoiler 601, should Spoiler 601 is articulated on the lath 300 of first flow 400, and spring 602 is set between lath 300 and spoiler 601, The leaf spring so that the inclined direction of spoiler 601 is consistent with the flow direction of gaseous working medium.In this way, when gaseous working medium is first-class In road 400 during runner, spoiler 601 generates obstruction to air-flow, which refers specifically to:In each of the section of first flow 400 After the plate face of directive spoiler 601 and reflection, gaseous working medium is cut the identical gaseous working medium of position flow velocity first flow 400 The flow velocity of each position in face changes, this to change so that gaseous working medium mean flow rate slows down, and accelerates to be located at first-class Heat transfer between the gaseous working medium of the different position in 400 section of road, so that the temperature in gaseous working medium is quickly average It reduces.To increase the impact to spoiler 601, to increase the obstruction to air-flow, lath 300 is made to be arranged to wave bending, Spoiler 601 is arranged at the wave crest and/or trough of lath 300.The impact that spoiler 601 is subject at wave crest and trough is more It is more, the current difference bigger of the gaseous working medium of each position where can more making it on section.In addition, the mesh of spring 602 is set Be:When air-flow is excessive, spoiler 601 is pivoted with pressuring spring 602, so that spoiler 601 can be according to gaseous working medium The overflow section of flow control first flow 400 prevents that gaseous working medium is excessively hindered to flow.Preferably, partition plate 200 is by heat conduction material Material is made, and the gaseous working medium that can so increase in first flow 400 exchanges heat with the liquid in second flow channel 500.
Above example is only exemplary embodiment of the present invention, is not used in the limitation present invention, protection scope of the present invention It is defined by the claims.Those skilled in the art can make the present invention respectively in the essence and protection domain of the present invention Kind modification or equivalent substitution, this modification or equivalent substitution also should be regarded as being within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of dryer, which is characterized in that including:
Cold pump is used to absorb the heat and moisture of fabric, and the working medium through supercooling pump has the first humidity and the first temperature;
Heat pump is used to receive the working medium by the cold pump, and working medium has the second humidity and the second temperature after the heat pump Degree;First temperature is more than the second temperature, and first humidity is more than second humidity;
Compressor, is used to receive the working medium of the cold pump, and working medium is compressed, and the working medium of compression is fed in the heat pump.
2. dryer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be additionally provided between the heat pump and the cold pump air-cooled Condenser;The air-cooled condenser is used to receive the working medium of the heat pump, and the cold pump is fed after working medium is cooled down.
3. dryer according to claim 2, which is characterized in that be additionally provided between the cold pump and air-cooled condenser Filter, the filter are used to receive the working medium of the air-cooled condenser, and for filtering the working medium.
4. dryer according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the dryer further includes gas-liquid separator, the gas Liquid/gas separator be arranged at it is described it is cold pump the filter between, the gas-liquid separator for separate to a certain extent via Steam in the working medium of filter.
5. dryer according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the import of the gas-liquid separator and the cold pump connects It connects, the cold pump passes through the working medium of the gas-liquid separator for receiving.
6. dryer according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the outlet of the cold pump connects with the gas-liquid separator It is logical, the steam of the working medium after the working medium working medium separated with filter of cold pump cooling carries out heat exchange so as to be filtered It liquefies in gas-liquid separator.
7. dryer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that set on the pipeline between the cold pump and the compressor It is equipped with first pressure gauge.
8. dryer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the pipeline between the cold pump and the compressor, with Pressure controller is provided between pipeline between the compressor and the heat pump.
9. dryer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that set on the pipeline between the compressor and the heat pump It is equipped with second pressure gauge.
10. dryer according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the gas-liquid separator is heat exchanger.
CN201711020907.4A 2017-10-27 2017-10-27 dryer Pending CN108061460A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711020907.4A CN108061460A (en) 2017-10-27 2017-10-27 dryer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711020907.4A CN108061460A (en) 2017-10-27 2017-10-27 dryer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108061460A true CN108061460A (en) 2018-05-22

Family

ID=62137907

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711020907.4A Pending CN108061460A (en) 2017-10-27 2017-10-27 dryer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108061460A (en)

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101259362A (en) * 2007-03-07 2008-09-10 三洋电机株式会社 Dry air-supplying apparatus and dryer
CN103673719A (en) * 2012-09-26 2014-03-26 杭州三花研究院有限公司 Fin of heat exchanger and heat exchanger
CN204902532U (en) * 2015-08-14 2015-12-23 广东行峰冷热设备有限公司 Novel high temperature heat pump drying -machine
CN105683696A (en) * 2013-10-17 2016-06-15 韩国原子力研究院 Heat exchanger for steam generator and steam generator comprising same
CN205482280U (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-08-17 郑州欧纳尔冷暖科技有限公司 Tertiary hot recovery type heat pump drying unit
CN106152766A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-11-23 苏州海派特热能设备有限公司 A kind of dehumidification type heats thermal source
CN205825486U (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-12-21 广州能之原科技股份有限公司 One grows tobacco drying heat pump
CN106767100A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-05-31 重庆超力高科技股份有限公司 Heat exchanger fin and heat exchanger
CN206310795U (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-07-07 冯海英 The efficient dehumidifying drying all-in-one of novel heat pump runner

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101259362A (en) * 2007-03-07 2008-09-10 三洋电机株式会社 Dry air-supplying apparatus and dryer
CN103673719A (en) * 2012-09-26 2014-03-26 杭州三花研究院有限公司 Fin of heat exchanger and heat exchanger
CN105683696A (en) * 2013-10-17 2016-06-15 韩国原子力研究院 Heat exchanger for steam generator and steam generator comprising same
CN204902532U (en) * 2015-08-14 2015-12-23 广东行峰冷热设备有限公司 Novel high temperature heat pump drying -machine
CN205482280U (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-08-17 郑州欧纳尔冷暖科技有限公司 Tertiary hot recovery type heat pump drying unit
CN205825486U (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-12-21 广州能之原科技股份有限公司 One grows tobacco drying heat pump
CN106152766A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-11-23 苏州海派特热能设备有限公司 A kind of dehumidification type heats thermal source
CN206310795U (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-07-07 冯海英 The efficient dehumidifying drying all-in-one of novel heat pump runner
CN106767100A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-05-31 重庆超力高科技股份有限公司 Heat exchanger fin and heat exchanger

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Application publication date: 20180522