CN108056485B - Continuous ozone microbubble rhizome vegetable cleaning machine - Google Patents

Continuous ozone microbubble rhizome vegetable cleaning machine Download PDF

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CN108056485B
CN108056485B CN201710283685.9A CN201710283685A CN108056485B CN 108056485 B CN108056485 B CN 108056485B CN 201710283685 A CN201710283685 A CN 201710283685A CN 108056485 B CN108056485 B CN 108056485B
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cleaning
water
conveying
ozone
rotary
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CN108056485A (en
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邢康林
沙杰
邢晓晖
张勇
邢程明
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邢康林
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/06Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching, combined with subsequent drying

Abstract

The invention mainly relates to the technical field of vegetable cleaning, in particular to a continuous ozone microbubble rhizome vegetable cleaning machine. The cleaning machine comprises a frame, a conveying belt transmission device is arranged above the frame, a rotary cleaning device is arranged in front of the conveying belt transmission device, a high-pressure water cleaning device, an ozone micro-bubble cleaning device and an air cleaning device are arranged on the rotary cleaning device, the output end of the air cleaning device is connected with a rotating head device, and impurity and wastewater recovery devices are respectively arranged on the frame; the frame is provided with an electric control device and a micro-bubble generating device, one end of the micro-bubble generating device is connected with an ozone generator pipeline, the other end of the micro-bubble generating device is connected with an ozone micro-bubble cleaning device pipeline, the ozone generator and a water pump are respectively arranged below the frame, and the water pump is connected with a high-pressure water cleaning device pipeline. The vegetable washing and classifying device is simple and compact in structure and convenient to use, realizes continuous washing of vegetables and recycling of waste water, reduces impurities and pesticide residues on the surfaces of the vegetables, and improves the efficiency and quality of washing and classifying the vegetables.

Description

Continuous ozone microbubble rhizome vegetable cleaning machine
Technical Field
The invention mainly relates to the technical field of vegetable cleaning, in particular to a continuous ozone microbubble rhizome vegetable cleaning machine.
Background
In the current society, pesticides, growth hormone, antistaling agent and preservatives are widely used by vegetable production sellers, which causes more and more pesticide residues on vegetables in the market, and in the processing and using processes of the vegetables, the vegetables are usually cleaned and disinfected by a manual mode, which has the problems of low cleaning efficiency, small cleaning quantity of the vegetables, and incomplete removal of the pesticide residues.
At present, vegetable cleaning machines used in dining halls of domestic enterprises and public institutions mainly adopt the principles of bubbling vibration generated by high-pressure gas, a floating washing tank and high-pressure water flow impact to clean vegetables, and the mode can separate silt and impurities adhered to fruits and vegetables, but can not reduce pesticide residues on the fruits and vegetables; in addition, the water is used once during the washing process, resulting in a relatively low water utilization rate, so that it is necessary to increase the water utilization rate as much as possible.
Chinese patent publication No. CN205233404U discloses a chinese meal industrialization vegetable cleaner, adopts the abluent mode of stirring vegetables, separates vegetables and stirring vane's contact through setting up and separates the net, avoids stirring vane during operation to damage vegetables, and then realizes the target that vegetables sanitization, breakage rate are low.
Chinese patent publication No. CN204409532U discloses a vegetable cleaning machine, which adopts the mode of ozone sterilization and stirring vegetable cleaning, and is provided with a circulating water tank, so that the equipment structure is reasonable and standard, and the purposes of effectively cleaning vegetables, reducing pesticide residue on the surfaces of the vegetables and saving water resources are realized; however, the vegetable is cleaned by adopting a box-type container, and continuous vegetable cleaning cannot be realized.
Chinese patent publication No. CN204409532U discloses an all-directional cleaning and sterilizing apparatus for vegetable processing, which proposes a technical scheme of sterilizing by using a sterilizing lamp, and performs a sterilizing action on vegetables by using a cleaning tank and a sterilizing lamp, a gas sterilizing device, a cooling system, a cold wind head, etc. arranged above the sterilizing tank; the utility model is characterized in that: the working time is shortened, and the efficiency is high; thorough cleaning and comprehensive disinfection; the temperature is quickly reduced, the concentration of the sterilizing gas is controlled, and the device is environment-friendly and safe.
However, although the mode of cleaning the vegetables by using the sterilizing lamp and the high-pressure gas to generate bubbling vibration can achieve a certain sterilizing effect and a certain cleaning effect, the cleaning effect of pesticide residues is limited, and partial nutrient components in the vegetables can be destroyed and reduced under the irradiation of the sterilizing lamp, so that the pesticide residues in the vegetables cannot be decomposed and cleaned by the irradiation of the sterilizing lamp.
Chinese patent publication No. CN204907858U discloses a vegetable cleaning and disinfecting machine, which is provided with three parts, namely an air compressor, a disinfecting chamber and a cleaning chamber, wherein vegetables on a conveying chain are cleaned and disinfected by ozone mist spray nozzles arranged above or at two sides of the conveying chain, so that pesticide residues on the vegetables can be reduced, and physical stains on the surfaces of the vegetables can be cleaned on the premise of not damaging nutritional ingredients of the vegetables.
Chinese patent publication No. CN104351922A discloses a micro-nano ozone bubble fruit and vegetable cleaning device and a cleaning method thereof, which uses an ozone microbubble technology to replace traditional disinfection technologies such as ozone and a disinfection lamp, and uses a micro-foam technology to realize non-detergent cleaning, thereby reducing the pollution links of products and cleaning the fine parts of vegetables. Two cleaning tanks are technically arranged, and the conveying belt is utilized to drive the cleaning tanks to move and complete the whole cleaning process.
Chinese patent publication No. CN106490647A discloses a vegetable washing and drying system, which mainly comprises a washing tank, a rotary transfer shaft, a mesh conveyor belt, a rotary transfer shaft and a mesh conveyor belt, a spray water device, a compressed air blowing pipe, an ultrasonic generator, an ozone generator, and an external sterilizing lamp; the vegetables finish the cleaning operation in the cleaning tank, the sterilized vegetables are conveyed to the conveyor belt through the rotary transfer shaft, and the conveyed vegetables are combined with the air blowing pipe for water removal operation, so that the water-insoluble impurities such as scrap iron and the like in the vegetables are effectively removed, and the vegetables are sterilized.
Chinese patent publication No. CN102284447A discloses a cleaning method and a cleaning apparatus, discussing an embodiment and related apparatus for cleaning with a large and small microbubble aqueous solution (containing oxygen or ozone), which is firstly cleaned with the microbubble aqueous solution, then treated with a slightly larger bubble aqueous solution, and finally water is removed by high pressure air; in addition, a cleaning flow chart of the semiconductor wafer substrate (object to be cleaned) is proposed.
The above patent mainly focuses on three subjects of vegetable cleaning, vegetable pesticide residue reduction and water saving, and is realized by adopting ozone sterilization, a disinfection lamp or an ozone microbubble in the aspect of reducing pesticide residue; in the aspect of saving water, the technical scheme of recycling water is mainly adopted; the method has the problems that the surface of the vegetable is easy to damage by adopting a stirring type vegetable cleaning mode, and the continuous cleaning and classification of the vegetable needs to be researched urgently; in addition, a vegetable cleaning device which is targeted according to different vegetable types such as root vegetables, stem vegetables, leaf vegetables and the like is lacked; the degree of automation is to be further improved.
The invention content is as follows:
the invention aims to solve the technical problem of providing a continuous ozone microbubble rhizome vegetable cleaning machine, which adopts a conveying belt to convey vegetables, pushes the vegetables into a front rotary cleaning device through a rotating head to finish the removal of impurities on the surfaces of the vegetables, then utilizes the technical scheme of 'three-step cleaning and one-step air drying' to finish the continuous cleaning of a large batch of rhizome vegetables by combining an adjustable parameter control scheme and an ozone microbubble generator, and utilizes a grading device to finish the size classification of the vegetables.
In order to solve the technical problem, the technical scheme of the invention is realized as follows:
a continuous ozone microbubble rhizome vegetable cleaning machine comprises a machine frame, wherein the machine frame is formed by processing angle iron and square steel, a conveying belt transmission device is arranged above the machine frame, a rotary cleaning device is arranged in front of the input end of the conveying belt transmission device, a high-pressure water cleaning device, an ozone microbubble cleaning device and a wind cleaning device are sequentially arranged above the conveying belt transmission device along the conveying direction of the conveying belt transmission device, the output end of the conveying belt transmission device is connected with a rotating head device, and impurity and wastewater recovery devices are respectively arranged at the middle positions on the machine frame below the rotary cleaning device and the conveying belt transmission device; an electric control device is installed on one side of the side part of the rack, a micro-bubble generating device is fixedly placed on the other side of the side part of the rack, one end of the micro-bubble generating device is connected with an ozone generator pipeline, the other end of the micro-bubble generating device is connected with an ozone micro-bubble cleaning device pipeline, and the ozone generator is installed below the rack; the water pump is arranged below the rack and is connected with the high-pressure water cleaning device through a pipeline.
Further, conveyer belt transmission device be chain drive mechanism, this mechanism passes through bearing frame movable mounting in the frame, installs the otter board backup pad on the chain of mechanism, is provided with the otter board in the otter board backup pad, the otter board adopts plastics or stainless steel to make and forms, has seted up the square hole on the otter board, the specification in square hole is no longer than the minimum specification of rhizome class vegetables, the stopper is installed respectively along conveyer belt direction of delivery to the otter board both sides, the erection space of otter board both sides stopper is unanimous with conveyer belt transmission device's transport width.
Further, rotatory cleaning device include the box, the box is built-in two-layer, the equipartition activity is provided with overhead rotatory brush in the upper strata, overhead rotatory brush installation direction is perpendicular with conveyer belt direction of delivery, the equipartition activity is provided with down and puts rotatory brush in the lower floor, it is perpendicular with conveyer belt direction of delivery to put rotatory brush installation direction down, it is less than overhead rotatory brush diameter to put rotatory brush diameter down, it adopts soft brush hair to put rotatory brush from top to bottom, overhead rotatory brush is connected with overhead buncher, it is connected with lower motor to put rotatory brush down through the belt, the observation window has been seted up at the box top, its bottom and impurity recovery device intercommunication, impurity recovery device includes the air exhauster.
Furthermore, the high-pressure water cleaning device comprises a first water divider, the first water divider is communicated with the high-pressure water spray heads through first water pipes, the high-pressure water spray heads are installed on the first cover plate and are uniformly distributed along the length direction of the first cover plate, the included angle between every two adjacent high-pressure water spray head groups is 45-60 degrees, the width of the high-pressure water sprayed by the high-pressure water spray heads is not smaller than the conveying width of the conveying belt conveying device, and the first water divider is communicated with the water pump through a first pipeline.
Further, ozone microbubble belt cleaning device include the second water knockout drum, the second water knockout drum passes through second water pipe and ozone microbubble water shower nozzle intercommunication, ozone microbubble water shower nozzle is installed on the second apron, ozone microbubble water shower nozzle is along the setting of second apron length direction equipartition, adjacent ozone microbubble water shower nozzle group contained angle is between 45-60, ozone microbubble water shower nozzle sprays high pressure water width and is not less than conveyer belt transmission device's transport width, the second water knockout drum passes through second pipeline and water pump intercommunication, the second pipeline facial make-up is equipped with microbubble generating device, microbubble generating device passes through trachea and ozone generator intercommunication.
Furthermore, the air washing device comprises a fan shell, the fan shell is fixed on the conveying belt conveying device through a support, the fan blade motor and the fan blades are installed in the fan shell, the main shaft of the fan blades is perpendicular to the belt surface of the conveying belt conveying device, and the diameter of the fan blades is not smaller than the conveying width of the conveying belt conveying device.
Furthermore, the rotating head device comprises a rotating head cover plate, a rotating head shaft, a rotating head swing blade and a rotating head motor, wherein rotating head brackets are respectively arranged on two sides of the rotating head cover plate, the rotating head shaft is arranged in the middle of each rotating head bracket, the rotating head swing blade is movably arranged on the rotating head shaft, the swinging limit position of the rotating head swing blade is positioned in each rotating head bracket, and when the rotating head swing blade is vertical to the rotating head brackets, the effective length of the rotating head swing blade is equal to the conveying width of the conveying belt conveying device; the rotary head cover plate rear portion is provided with the classifier, has seted up the unequal opening of a plurality of diameters on the classifier, installs the baffle under the classifier.
Furthermore, the microbubble generator comprises a self-suction high-pressure water pump, a water inlet of the water pump is connected with a steam-liquid mixed joint pipeline, a water inlet of a high-pressure cylinder is connected with a water outlet pipeline of the self-suction high-pressure water pump, a water outlet of the high-pressure cylinder is connected with a micro-sieve, the aperture of the micro-sieve is 0.1mm-0.5mm, the steam-liquid mixed joint is connected with an air inlet pipe, and the air inlet pipe is communicated with an ozone generator.
Further, waste water recovery unit be equipped with two cabins, first cabin is located high pressure water cleaning device under, the second cabin is located ozone microbubble belt cleaning device and wind washing device under, waste water recovery unit's recovery area is not less than conveyer belt transmission device's conveying area.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
the vegetable washing machine has a simple and compact structure, is convenient to use, realizes continuous washing of a large number of vegetables and recycling of wastewater in the washing process, reduces impurity residues and pesticide residues on the surfaces of the vegetables, improves the efficiency and quality of washing and classifying the vegetables, and reduces the labor cost in washing the vegetables. Specifically, the method comprises the following steps:
1. the invention has simple structure, high integration level and convenient operation and installation, adopts the technical scheme of 'three-step cleaning and one-step air drying', namely, the technical scheme of rotationally cleaning dust and miscellaneous soil on the surface of the root vegetables, spraying water by a micro-spray nozzle to preliminarily clean the surfaces of the vegetables, cleaning and sterilizing by using the ozone microbubble solution and cleaning and sterilizing the residual water solution of the vegetables by using wind power, and carries out full-flow cleaning on the root vegetables transported by using a conveyor belt, thereby realizing continuous cleaning of a large number of vegetables on one hand and remarkably reducing the impurity residues and pesticide residues on the surfaces of the vegetables on the other hand.
2. The rotary cleaning device is adopted, the rotary cleaning device is composed of a large rotary brush and a small rotary brush, the large rotary brush and the small rotary brush are soft brushes, and the large rotary brush and the small rotary brush have a speed difference during rotation, so that the root vegetables entering the rotary cleaning device can be cleaned in a contact mode, and sand and soil impurities on the surfaces of the vegetables are obviously removed.
3. The tubular ozone generator is adopted to ionize air to form ozone, the ozone is fused into aqueous solution through the micro-bubble generating device to form micro-bubble ozone aqueous solution, the micro-bubble ozone aqueous solution is sprayed onto vegetables through the spraying system to sterilize and disinfect the vegetables, and compared with a sterilization mode of a sterilization lamp, the tubular ozone generator can avoid damage of sterilization lamp irradiation on nutrient components of the vegetables.
4. The invention adopts a micro-bubble generating device, which utilizes a self-suction water pump to form negative pressure in a pipeline while pumping water, so as to suck ozone further compressed by a throttling device; the ozone and the aqueous solution with certain pressure are mixed in the high-pressure cylinder, the pressure of the high-pressure cylinder is actively adjusted by the throttle valve, the generation quantity and the bubble size of ozone microbubbles are adjusted, and finally the aqueous solution containing a large amount of ozone microbubbles is formed.
5. The air washing device adopted by the invention is arranged at the rear side of the micro-bubble cleaning chamber, the fan surface is parallel to the belt surface of the conveying belt, the air washing device can rotate at high speed, and large air pressure is formed to carry out air washing operation on the ozone micro-bubble solution remained on the surface of the root vegetables passing through, so that the removal of a large amount of moisture on the surface of the vegetables is completed.
6. The invention adopts the conveying belt to convey the root vegetables for cleaning operation, and can meet the continuous cleaning requirement of a large batch of vegetables; meanwhile, the speed of the conveyor belt, the pressure of the spray head, the ozone generation amount and the concentration of ozone microbubbles are adjustable, so that the cleaning requirements of different types of root vegetables can be met, and the application range of the root vegetable cleaning machine is further effectively enlarged.
7. The invention has an active impurity and waste water recovery device, and can collect pollutants and waste water generated in the cleaning process in time.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a first schematic structural diagram of the rotary cleaning apparatus of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a second schematic structural view of the rotary cleaning apparatus of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing the structure of the high-pressure water cleaning apparatus according to the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the ozone microbubble cleaning device according to the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the wind washing device of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a first schematic structural diagram of the rotating head device according to the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a second schematic structural view of the rotating head device of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view of the structure of the conveyor belt transfer device of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a schematic view of the structure of the microbubble generator according to the present invention.
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the structure of the ozone generator of the present invention.
In the figure: 1-rotating cleaning device; 101-an exhaust fan; 102-lower motor, 103-lower rotating wheel, 104-belt, 105-upper speed regulating motor, 106-box, 107-observation window, 108-upper rotating brush and 109-lower rotating brush;
2-a high-pressure water cleaning device; 201-high pressure water spray head; 202-a first water pipe; 203-a first cover plate; 204-a first water separator; 205-a first conduit;
3-an ozone microbubble cleaning device; 301-a second cover plate; 302-a second water pipe, 303-an ozone microbubble water spray head, 304-a second water divider, 305-a second pipeline, 306-an air pipe;
4-air washing device; 401-support; 402-fan shell; 403-fan motor; 404-fan blades;
5-an electric control device;
6-rotating the head device; 601-rotating head cover plate, 602-rotating head shaft, 603-rotating head swinging blade, 604-classifier, 605-rotating head motor, 606-guide plate;
7-a conveyor belt conveyor; 701-a bearing seat; 702-a gear shaft; 703-a gear; 704-a chain; 705-a limiting block; 706-screen plate; 707-a reduction motor; 708-a support frame; 709-a bracket; 710-a motor mount; 711-mesh plate support plate; 712-a belt tensioner;
8-a microbubble generator; 801-water inlet, 802-vapor-liquid mixing joint, 803-self-suction high-pressure water pump, 804-high-pressure cylinder, 805-micro-pore sieve and 806-air inlet pipe;
9-an ozone generator; 901-body, 902-cooling fan, 903-air inlet, 904-tubular ozone generating element, 905-indicator light; 906-an ozone outlet;
10-a water pump; 11-a frame;
12-an impurity recovery unit; 13-waste water recovery device.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1, a continuous ozone microbubble rhizome vegetable cleaning machine comprises a frame 11, wherein the frame 11 is formed by processing angle iron and square steel, a conveying belt transmission device 7 is arranged above the frame 11, a rotary cleaning device 1 is arranged in front of the input end of the conveying belt transmission device 7, a high-pressure water cleaning device 2, an ozone microbubble cleaning device 3 and an air cleaning device 4 are sequentially arranged above the conveying belt transmission device 7 along the conveying direction, the output end of the conveying belt transmission device 7 is connected with a rotating head device 6, and impurity and wastewater recovery devices 12 and 13 are respectively arranged at the middle positions on the frame 11 below the rotary cleaning device 1 and the conveying belt transmission device 7; an electric control device 5 is installed on one side of the side part of the rack 11, a micro-bubble generating device 8 is fixedly placed on the other side of the side part of the rack 11, one end of the micro-bubble generating device 8 is connected with an ozone generator 9 through a pipeline, the other end of the micro-bubble generating device 8 is connected with an ozone micro-bubble cleaning device 3 through a pipeline, and the ozone generator 9 is installed below the rack 11; the water pump 10 is arranged below the frame 11, and the water pump 10 is connected with the high-pressure water cleaning device 2 through a pipeline.
As shown in fig. 2 and 3, the rotary cleaning device 1 is installed in front of the conveying belt transmission device 7, the rotary cleaning device 1 comprises a box body 106, two layers are arranged in the box body 106, an upper rotary brush 108 is uniformly and movably arranged in the upper layer, the installation direction of the upper rotary brush 108 is vertical to the conveying direction of the conveying belt, a lower rotary brush 109 is uniformly and movably arranged in the lower layer, the installation direction of the lower rotary brush 109 is vertical to the conveying direction of the conveying belt, the diameter of the lower rotary brush 109 is smaller than that of the upper rotary brush 108, the upper and lower rotary brushes 108 and 109 adopt soft bristles, the upper rotary brush 108 and the lower rotary brush 108 are controlled by an upper speed regulating motor 105, the lower rotary brush 109 is driven by a lower motor 102 through a belt 104 and a lower rotary wheel 103, the top of the box body 106 is provided with an observation window 107, the bottom of the box body is communicated with the, the impurities generated in the cleaning process are extracted, and the dust pollution is reduced.
As shown in fig. 4, the high pressure water cleaning device 2 is installed above the conveyor belt conveying device 7, is located behind the rotary cleaning device 1, and comprises first water dividers 204, the first water dividers 204 are communicated with the high pressure water spray heads 201 through first water pipes 202, the high pressure water spray heads 201 are installed on the first cover plate 203, the high pressure water spray heads 201 are uniformly distributed along the length direction of the first cover plate 203, the included angle between adjacent high pressure water spray head groups is 45-60 degrees, the width of the high pressure water sprayed by the high pressure water spray heads 201 is not less than the conveying width of the conveyor belt conveying device 7, the first water dividers 204 are communicated with the water pump 10 through first pipes 205, and the high pressure water loop is controlled through valves.
As shown in fig. 5, the ozone microbubble cleaning device 3 is installed above the conveyor belt transmission device 7, is located behind the high-pressure water cleaning device 2, and includes a second water splitter 304, the second water splitter 304 is communicated with the ozone microbubble water spray heads 303 through a second water pipe 302, the ozone microbubble water spray heads 303 are installed on the second cover plate 301, the ozone microbubble water spray heads 303 are uniformly distributed along the length direction of the second cover plate 301, the included angle between adjacent ozone microbubble water spray heads is 45-60 °, the width of the high-pressure water sprayed by the ozone microbubble water spray heads 303 is not less than the conveying width of the conveyor belt transmission device, the second water splitter 304 is communicated with the water pump 10 through a second pipe 305, a microbubble generation device 8 is installed on the second pipe 305, and the microbubble generation device 8 is communicated with the ozone generator 9 through an air pipe 306.
As shown in fig. 6, the air washing device 4 is mounted on the conveyor belt conveying device 7, located behind the ozone microbubble cleaning device 3, and includes a fan housing 402, the fan housing 402 is fixed on the conveyor belt conveying device 7 through a support 401, a fan motor 403 and fan blades 404 are mounted in the fan housing 402, the rotation speed of the fan motor 403 is adjustable, the main shaft of the fan blades is perpendicular to the belt surface of the conveyor belt conveying device 7, and the diameter of the fan blades 404 is not less than the conveying width of the conveyor belt conveying device 7.
And the electric control device 5 is connected with each execution motor, a switch, an indicator lamp, an electric control valve and a speed and pressure regulating device by adopting a PLC and a touch screen, and sends out all control instructions through the touch screen.
As shown in fig. 7 and 8, the rotating head device 6 is installed behind the air washing device 4, and mainly provides a driving force for the subsequent sorting movement of vegetables, so as to reduce the labor cost in the vegetable cleaning process, and includes a rotating head cover plate 601, a rotating head shaft 602, a rotating head swinging vane 603, and a rotating head motor 605, wherein two sides of the rotating head cover plate 601 are respectively provided with a rotating head bracket, the rotating head shaft 602 is installed in the middle of the rotating head bracket, the rotating head swinging vane 603 is movably installed on the rotating head shaft 602, the swinging limit position of the rotating head swinging vane 603 is located in the rotating head bracket, and when the rotating head swinging vane 603 is perpendicular to the rotating head bracket, the effective length of the rotating head swinging vane 603 is equal to the conveying width; the rear portion of the rotating head cover plate 601 is provided with a classifier 604, the classifier 604 is provided with a plurality of openings with different diameters, the openings are arranged on the classifier 604 from small to large or from large to small, and a guide plate 606 is arranged right below the classifier 604 and used for distinguishing vegetables classified at intervals.
As shown in fig. 9, the conveyor belt transmission device 7 is mounted on the frame 11, and carries the rotary cleaning device 1, the high-pressure water cleaning device 2, the ozone microbubble cleaning device 3, the air cleaning device 4, the electric control device 5, the rotating head device 6, and provides power for moving vegetables for cleaning operation, and the conveyor belt transmission device 7 includes a bearing seat 701, a gear shaft 702, a gear 703, a chain 704, a limiting block 705, a screen 706, a reduction motor 707, a support frame 708, a support 709, a motor seat 710, a screen support plate 711, and a conveyor belt tensioning device 712; the screen plate 706 is made of plastic, small square holes are formed in the screen plate, the size of each hole is larger than the minimum width of vegetables, the screen plate is installed on a chain 704, and the chain 704 is connected through two chain wheels; the chain wheel is arranged on a gear shaft 702, the gear shaft 702 is fixed on a bracket 709 through a bearing seat 701 and is connected with a speed reducing motor 707; the belt conveyor 7 adjusts the tightness of the belt by means of the belt tensioning device 712; the limiting blocks 705 are arranged above the screen plate 706, the limiting blocks 705 are arranged on two sides of the screen plate 706 respectively along the conveying direction of the conveying belt, the installation distance between the limiting blocks 705 on the two sides of the screen plate 706 is consistent with the conveying width of the conveying belt conveying device 7, and the screen plate supporting plate 711 is arranged below the screen plate 706 so as to provide bearing capacity for the conveying belt conveying device 7.
As shown in fig. 10, the micro-bubble generating device 8 includes a self-priming high-pressure water pump 803, a water inlet 801 of the water pump is connected with a pipeline of a vapor-liquid mixing joint 802, a water inlet of a high-pressure cylinder 804 is connected with a pipeline of a water outlet of the self-priming high-pressure water pump 803, a water outlet of the high-pressure cylinder 804 is connected with a micro-sieve 805, a pore diameter of the micro-sieve 805 is between 0.1mm and 0.5mm, air bubbles dissolved in an aqueous solution can be further cut, and a micro-bubble aqueous solution is further formed, the vapor-liquid mixing joint 802 is connected with a gas inlet pipe 806, and the.
As shown in fig. 11, the ozone generator 9 includes a body 901, a cooling fan 902, an air inlet 903, a tubular ozone generating element 904, an indicator lamp 905, and an ozone outlet 906; the device uses the tubular ozone generating element 904 to generate ozone, and the cooling fan 902 is used for cooling the tubular ozone generating element 904; the air inlet 903 and the tubular ozone generating element 904 are installed in the body 901, the cooling fan 902 is installed on the side wall of the body 901, and the ozone outlet 906 is communicated with the air inlet pipe 806 of the microbubble generator 8.
A fixing plate with holes is installed below the rack 11 and is installed on a foundation, and the cleaning machine is guaranteed to stably and stably run.
The wastewater recovery device 13 is provided with two cabins, the first cabin is positioned under the high-pressure water cleaning device 2, the second cabin is positioned under the ozone microbubble cleaning device 3 and the air cleaning device 4, and the recovery area of the wastewater recovery device 13 is not smaller than the conveying area of the conveying belt conveying device 7.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and all equivalent changes and modifications made according to the present invention should fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a continuous type ozone microbubble rhizome class vegetable washing machine which characterized in that: the device comprises a rack (11), wherein the rack (11) is formed by processing angle iron and square steel, a conveyer belt transmission device (7) is arranged above the rack (11), a rotary cleaning device (1) is arranged in front of the input end of the conveyer belt transmission device (7), a high-pressure water cleaning device (2), an ozone microbubble cleaning device (3) and an air cleaning device (4) are sequentially arranged above the conveyer belt transmission device (7) along the conveying direction of the conveyer belt transmission device, the output end of the conveyer belt transmission device (7) is connected with a rotating head device (6), and impurity and wastewater recovery devices (12 and 13) are respectively arranged at the middle positions on the rack (11) below the rotary cleaning device (1) and the conveyer belt transmission device (7); an electric control device (5) is installed on one side of the side part of the rack (11), a micro-bubble generating device (8) is fixedly placed on the other side of the side part of the rack (11), one end of the micro-bubble generating device (8) is connected with an ozone generator (9) through a pipeline, the other end of the micro-bubble generating device is connected with an ozone micro-bubble cleaning device (3) through a pipeline, and the ozone generator (9) is installed below the rack (11; the water pump (10) is arranged below the rack (11), and the water pump (10) is connected with the high-pressure water cleaning device (2) through a pipeline; the microbubble generator (8) comprises a self-suction high-pressure water pump (803), a water inlet (801) of the water pump is connected with a steam-liquid mixed joint (802) through a pipeline, a water inlet of a high-pressure cylinder (804) is connected with a water outlet pipeline of the self-suction high-pressure water pump (803), a water outlet of the high-pressure cylinder (804) is connected with a micro-pore sieve (805), the aperture of the micro-pore sieve (805) is 0.1mm-0.5mm, the steam-liquid mixed joint (802) is connected with a gas inlet pipe (806), and the gas inlet pipe (806) is communicated with an ozone generator (9); the rotary head device (6) comprises a rotary head cover plate (601), a rotary head shaft (602), rotary head swing blades (603) and a rotary head motor (605), rotary head brackets are respectively arranged on two sides of the rotary head cover plate (601), the rotary head shaft (602) is arranged in the middle of each rotary head bracket, the rotary head swing blades (603) are movably mounted on the rotary head shaft (602), the swinging limit position of each rotary head swing blade (603) is positioned in each rotary head bracket, and when the rotary head swing blades (603) are perpendicular to the rotary head brackets, the effective length of each rotary head swing blade (603) is equal to the conveying width of the conveying belt conveying device (7); the rear part of the rotary head cover plate (601) is provided with a classifier (604), the classifier (604) is provided with a plurality of openings with different diameters, and a guide plate (606) is arranged right below the classifier (604).
2. The continuous ozone microbubble root vegetable cleaning machine of claim 1, characterized in that: conveyer belt transmission device (7) be chain drive mechanism, this mechanism passes through bearing frame (701) movable mounting on frame (11), install otter board backup pad (711) on chain (704) of mechanism, be provided with otter board (706) on otter board backup pad (711), otter board (706) adopt plastics or stainless steel to make and form, the square hole has been seted up on otter board (706), the minimum specification of root class vegetables is not exceeded to the specification of square hole, stopper (705) are installed respectively along conveyer belt direction of delivery to otter board (706) both sides, the installation interval of otter board (706) both sides stopper (705) is unanimous with the width of delivery of conveyer belt transmission device (7).
3. The continuous ozone microbubble root vegetable cleaning machine of claim 1, characterized in that: the rotary cleaning device (1) comprises a box body (106), two layers are arranged in the box body (106), an upper rotary brush (108) is uniformly and movably arranged in the upper layer, the mounting direction of the upper rotary brush (108) is vertical to the conveying direction of a conveying belt, a lower rotary brush (109) is uniformly and movably arranged in the lower layer, the mounting direction of the lower rotary brush (109) is vertical to the conveying direction of the conveying belt, the diameter of the lower rotary brush (109) is smaller than that of the upper rotary brush (108), soft bristles are adopted in the upper rotary brush (108) and the lower rotary brush (109), the upper rotary brush (108) is connected with an upper speed regulating motor (105), the lower rotary brush (109) is connected with a lower motor (102) through a belt (104), an observation window (107) is arranged at the top of the box body (106), the bottom of the device is communicated with an impurity recovery device (12), and the impurity recovery device (12) comprises an exhaust fan (101).
4. The continuous ozone microbubble root vegetable cleaning machine of claim 1, characterized in that: the high-pressure water cleaning device (2)) The water distributor comprises a first water distributor (204), wherein the first water distributor (204) is communicated with a high-pressure water spray head (201) through a first water pipe (202), the high-pressure water spray head (201) is arranged on a first cover plate (203), the high-pressure water spray head (201) is uniformly distributed along the length direction of the first cover plate (203), and the included angle of adjacent high-pressure water spray head groups is 45 degrees0-600The width of the high-pressure water sprayed by the high-pressure water spray head (201) is not less than the conveying width of the conveying belt conveying device (7), and the first water divider (204) is communicated with the water pump (10) through a first pipeline (205).
5. The continuous ozone microbubble root vegetable cleaning machine of claim 1, characterized in that: ozone microbubble belt cleaning device include second water knockout drum (304), second water knockout drum (304) are through second water pipe (302) and ozone microbubble water shower nozzle (303) intercommunication, install on second apron (301) ozone microbubble water shower nozzle (303), ozone microbubble water shower nozzle (303) are followed second apron (301) length direction equipartition and are set up, adjacent ozone microbubble water shower nozzle group contained angle is at 45 microbubble water shower nozzle group contained angles0-600Meanwhile, the width of the ozone microbubble water spray head (303) for spraying high-pressure water is not less than the conveying width of the conveying belt conveying device, the second water divider (304) is communicated with the water pump (10) through a second pipeline (305), the second pipeline (305) is provided with a microbubble generating device (8), and the microbubble generating device (8) is communicated with the ozone generator (9) through an air pipe (306).
6. The continuous ozone microbubble root vegetable cleaning machine of claim 1, characterized in that: the air washing device comprises a fan shell (402), the fan shell (402) is fixed on the conveying belt conveying device (7) through a support (401), a fan blade motor (403) and fan blades (404) are installed in the fan shell (402), a fan blade main shaft is perpendicular to a belt surface of the conveying belt conveying device (7), and the diameter of the fan blades (404) is not smaller than the conveying width of the conveying belt conveying device (7).
7. The continuous ozone microbubble root vegetable cleaning machine of claim 1, characterized in that: waste water recovery unit (13) be equipped with two cabins, first cabin is located under high pressure water cleaning device (2), and the second cabin is located ozone microbubble belt cleaning device (3) and air washing device (4) under, the recovery area of waste water recovery unit (13) is not less than the conveying area of conveyer belt transmission device (7).
CN201710283685.9A 2017-04-26 2017-04-26 Continuous ozone microbubble rhizome vegetable cleaning machine Active CN108056485B (en)

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CN109602301B (en) * 2018-12-29 2020-12-11 陕西师范大学 Microbubble ozone water vegetable and fruit cleaning device and cleaning method
CN109907347B (en) * 2019-04-26 2021-05-11 山东农业工程学院 Potato cleaning device

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US5858435A (en) * 1996-04-10 1999-01-12 Gallo; John B. Method of cleaning and preparing a quantity of produce for sale
ITRM20060118A1 (en) * 2006-03-08 2007-09-09 Turatti Srl Process of washing and sterilizing food products, in particular vegetables and related equipment
KR101470449B1 (en) * 2014-07-29 2014-12-08 주식회사 케이엠티알 Fruit and vegetable washer
CN205321108U (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-06-22 杭州中兵环保股份有限公司 Degassing unit that disinfects on garlic rice surface
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