CN108056426A - A kind of preparation method of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber - Google Patents

A kind of preparation method of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber Download PDF

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CN108056426A
CN108056426A CN201711159795.0A CN201711159795A CN108056426A CN 108056426 A CN108056426 A CN 108056426A CN 201711159795 A CN201711159795 A CN 201711159795A CN 108056426 A CN108056426 A CN 108056426A
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potato
dietary fiber
food
drink
gained
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王永
张保华
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张保华
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L19/00Products from fruits or vegetables; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L19/10Products from fruits or vegetables; Preparation or treatment thereof of tuberous or like starch containing root crops
    • A23L19/12Products from fruits or vegetables; Preparation or treatment thereof of tuberous or like starch containing root crops of potatoes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23CDAIRY PRODUCTS, e.g. MILK, BUTTER, CHEESE; MILK OR CHEESE SUBSTITUTES; MAKING THEREOF
    • A23C11/00Milk substitutes, e.g. coffee whitener compositions
    • A23C11/02Milk substitutes, e.g. coffee whitener compositions containing at least one non-milk component as source of fats or proteins
    • A23C11/10Milk substitutes, e.g. coffee whitener compositions containing at least one non-milk component as source of fats or proteins containing or not lactose but no other milk components as source of fats, carbohydrates or proteins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23CDAIRY PRODUCTS, e.g. MILK, BUTTER, CHEESE; MILK OR CHEESE SUBSTITUTES; MAKING THEREOF
    • A23C9/00Milk preparations; Milk powder or milk powder preparations
    • A23C9/152Milk preparations; Milk powder or milk powder preparations containing additives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23FCOFFEE; TEA; THEIR SUBSTITUTES; MANUFACTURE, PREPARATION, OR INFUSION THEREOF
    • A23F5/00Coffee; Coffee substitutes; Preparations thereof
    • A23F5/10Treating roasted coffee; Preparations produced thereby
    • A23F5/14Treating roasted coffee; Preparations produced thereby using additives, e.g. milk, sugar; Coating, e.g. for preserving
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L11/00Pulses, i.e. fruits of leguminous plants, for production of food; Products from legumes; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L11/01Pulses or legumes in form of whole pieces or fragments thereof, without mashing or comminuting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L13/00Meat products; Meat meal; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L15/00Egg products; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L15/30Addition of substances other than those covered by A23L15/20 – A23L15/25
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L19/00Products from fruits or vegetables; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L19/03Products from fruits or vegetables; Preparation or treatment thereof consisting of whole pieces or fragments without mashing the original pieces
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L2/00Non-alcoholic beverages; Dry compositions or concentrates therefor; Their preparation
    • A23L2/02Non-alcoholic beverages; Dry compositions or concentrates therefor; Their preparation containing fruit or vegetable juices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L2/00Non-alcoholic beverages; Dry compositions or concentrates therefor; Their preparation
    • A23L2/38Other non-alcoholic beverages
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L25/00Food consisting mainly of nutmeat or seeds; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L25/20Food consisting mainly of nutmeat or seeds; Preparation or treatment thereof consisting of whole seeds or seed fragments
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L33/00Modifying nutritive qualities of foods; Dietetic products; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L33/20Reducing nutritive value; Dietetic products with reduced nutritive value
    • A23L33/21Addition of substantially indigestible substances, e.g. dietary fibres
    • A23L33/22Comminuted fibrous parts of plants, e.g. bagasse or pulp
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L7/00Cereal-derived products; Malt products; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L7/10Cereal-derived products
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23VINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO FOODS, FOODSTUFFS OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
    • A23V2002/00Food compositions, function of food ingredients or processes for food or foodstuffs

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of preparation methods of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber, preparation of the potato slag generated after starch as base feed progress food/drink of dietary fiber are extracted using potato, including following operation:The mixture A containing dietary fiber is made in the abundant mixing of potato juice generated after potato slag and water and/or potato extraction starch, mixture A of the gained containing dietary fiber is heated maturation paste processed, season homogeneous, then remaining major ingredient needed for food/drink to be prepared ripe with system, the abundant mixing of dispensing, after packaged sterile, food/drink of the ingredient containing potato dietary fiber is obtained.A kind of potato dietary fiber mixture based on paste forms proposed by the invention, it is a kind of new mode for developing and utilizing potato dietary fiber, cost is small, in good taste, easy to process, digestion, also easily by human body glycolysis, absorption and utilization, people is made to obtain the mode and approach of dietary fiber, become convenient, simple and direct.

Description

A kind of preparation method of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber
Technical field
The invention belongs to potato food processing technique fields, are related to a kind of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber The preparation method of product.
Background technology
A large amount of waste residues and waste water are generated after potato extraction starch, COD (COD) is usually in 8000- 30000mg/L, directly discharge not only causes environment seriously to pollute, and causes the wasting of resources.The comprehensive utilization of potato slag, potato juice An always global problem, for now, there are no the treating methods of relative ideal.Existing waste residue, wastewater treatment are set It applies, input is big mostly, operation cost is high, so that many potato starch enterprises take a passive attitude to environmental protection investments, even if some are thrown Money is built, and is also reluctant standardized operation or even potato slag, potato juice stealthily are done offal treatment, so that environmental protection halt production not up to standard or half It stops production.Not only increase business burden, generation environment pollution, and cause the wasting of resources, caused to enterprise, society and environment very big Pressure.
Potato residues aqueous 80% or so, are not possessed liquid fluidity, are presented with colloid property, containing accounting for butt proportion 30 The nutriments such as~40% starch, 30~40% cellulose, 10~20% pectin, 4% protein/amino acid;It is useless Water is containing albumen 1~1.5%, starch 0.2-0.5%.Potato slag main component is dietary fiber, also has residual starch and protein, therefore Further value of exploiting and utilizing is high.
Dietary fiber is the seventh-largest nutrient of human body, and main function is as follows:(1) anti-CaM antibody, such as natural gum and pectin Deng;(2) some cancers, such as intestinal cancer are prevented;(3) constipation is treated;(4) detoxify;(5) enteron aisle diverticulosis is prevented and treated;(6) control Treat cholelithiasis;(7) blood cholesterol levels and triglycerides are reduced;(8) control body weight;(9) blood glucose of maturity-onset diabetes patient is reduced. Long-term dietary fiber insufficiency of intake can cause a series of disease generations relevant with above-mentioned effect.
Everyone daily dietary fiber intake 25g~35g suggests in the World Health Organization, and glycosuria is suggested by American Diabetes Association Patient can moderately be increased to 45~55g, the Food Science committee of European Economic Community proposed standard:30 grams for each person every day, in Daily dietary fiber intake appropriate amount is 25-35 grams as defined in Nutrition Society of state.2016《The intake of Chinese residents dietary fiber is white Pi Shu》Data show that daily dietary fiber intake is only 13g to China resident per capita, with《Chinese residents diet nutrient refers to Intake》Daily 25~35 grams of intakes of middle recommendation differ greatly, and can reach this suitable for the crowd of intake less than 5%.With It is corresponding be social development, the food processing degree that becomes more meticulous is higher and higher, is capable of providing the food rich in dietary fiber on the market Product are fewer and fewer, are especially capable of providing the soft drink of suitable dietary fiber, facilitate snack food or drink even more rare.
The content of the invention
It is of the invention to solve the problems, such as to be to provide a kind of preparation method of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber, it will Offer source of the potato slag and/or potato juice generated after potato extraction starch as dietary fiber, is prepared new with paste form Food/drink containing potato dietary fiber;Mashed sweet potato dietary fiber mixture is to develop and utilize potato meals A kind of new mode of fiber, cost is small, in good taste, easy to process, digestion, also easily by human body glycolysis, absorption and utilization.
The present invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of preparation method of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber, with what is generated after potato extraction starch Potato slag carries out the preparation of food/drink as the base feed of dietary fiber, including following operation:
A) the abundant mixing of potato juice generated after potato slag and water and/or potato extraction starch is made mixed containing dietary fiber Object A is closed, mixture A of the gained containing dietary fiber is heated maturation paste processed, homogeneous is seasoned, then with making ripe food to be prepared Remaining major ingredient needed for product/drink, dispensing are sufficiently mixed, packaged sterile, obtain food/drink of the ingredient containing potato dietary fiber Product;
Alternatively, b) by a) mixture A of the gained containing dietary fiber with needed for food/drink to be prepared remaining major ingredient, match somebody with somebody Material is sufficiently mixed, and grinding, slurrying obtain mixed slurry B, and gained mixed slurry B is heated maturation paste processed, seasons homogeneous, then Food/drink of the ingredient containing potato dietary fiber is obtained after sterilized encapsulation;
Alternatively, b) gained mixed slurry B c) is separated into slurry and juice through filtration, then to gained slurry and juice point It does not carry out obtaining food/drink of the ingredient containing potato dietary fiber after ripe, seasoning homogeneous, then sterilized encapsulation are made in heating;
Alternatively, d) potato slag is cleaned and filtered, the refined potato slag that the water content in terms of mass fraction is more than 90% is made, Gained is refined potato slag and heats maturation paste processed, then through seasoning homogeneous, obtained after packaged sterile containing potato dietary fiber into Food/the drink divided;
Alternatively, e) by d) the refined potato slag of gained with needed for food/drink to be prepared remaining major ingredient, dispensing be sufficiently mixed, Heating maturation paste processed after grinding, slurrying, then through seasoning homogeneous, the ingredient containing potato dietary fiber is obtained after packaged sterile Food/drink.
In terms of mass fraction, the mixture A containing dietary fiber, potato slag (wet basis) accounts for 10~50%, water and/or potato Juice accounts for 50~90%, and ripe gained paste is made by its heating, containing dietary fiber 2~30%, albumen 0.5~4%, starch 0.2~ 10%, per 100g paste in potato correlation biology total alkali content 0~4mg, < 1mg based on zero.
The potato slag is to stay surplus solid matter after potato extracts starch, is presented with colloid property, with mass fraction Meter, aqueous 80~90%;Its butt contain 30~40% cellulose, 30~40% starch, 10~20% pectin, 0.5 ~4% protein/amino acid;
The potato juice is that potato extracts the aqueous solution generated after starch, in terms of mass fraction, containing albumen 0.5~ 2.8%th, starch 0.2~1.0%.
It is one kind in optical wave heating, microwave heating, electromagnetic heating, gas heating, steam heating that described heating system is ripe Or a variety of carry out direct or indirect heating;
Described filtration is is separated by filtration, centrifuges, press filtration separation, the one or more in cyclonic separation;
The seasoning be using savory agent, sweetener, tasty agents, acid, pungent pastil, tea juice in flavoring agent etc. its In one or more be seasoned.
Food/the drink to be prepared, by d) or e) prepared by mode, in mass, food/drink obtained by per 100g In, potato correlation biology total alkali content < 1mg.
The major ingredient, dispensing include cereal, beans, greengrocery, fruits, nut fruits, Chinese medicine, drink class and/or The one or more therein such as meat eggs;
The cereal includes wheat kernel, rice, millet, black rice, glutinous rice, corn, corn, flour, corn flour, rice flour;
The beans includes soybean, mung bean, red bean, kidney bean, hyacinth bean, peanut, pea, sesame;
The greengrocery includes mushroom, newborn gill fungus, mushroom, konjaku, white fungus, capsicum, Chinese prickly ash, coriander, green onion, garlic, ginger, Hu Luo Fore-telling, tomato, fresh kidney beans, cauliflower, pumpkin, cucumber, wax gourd, sweet potato, beet, radish;
The fruits include raisins, strawberry, blueberry are done, mulberries, jujube, candied date, citrus, orange, plum, apple Fruit, banana;
The nut fruits includes walnut kernel, peanut, peach kernel, almond, Chinese chestnut, loose seed, cashew nut;
The Chinese medicine includes lotus seeds, longan, Chinese yam, adlay, lily, matrimony vine, Gorgon fruit, honey, orange peel;
The drink class includes teas, coffee-type, cocoa class, fruit juice, pulp, milk, goat milk, hunchbacked milk, Yoghourt, milk Powder;
The meat eggs include bacon, sausage, caviar, a kink of preserved egg, egg, duck's egg, quail egg.
Food/the drink to be prepared is the leisure containing potato dietary fiber or quick food, by potato residues (wet basis) and potato juice, is counted in mass ratio, with heating maturation paste processed after 1: 3~5 ratio mixing, through seasoning homogeneous, is passed through Pipeline, which is injected into be pre-filled with, makes ripe cereal, beans, greengrocery, fruits, nut fruits, Chinese medicine, drink class and/or meat In one or more major ingredients therein such as eggs, the packing jar of dispensing or Packaging Bottle, after sterilized encapsulation, it is configured to containing potato The leisure of dietary fiber or quick food;
In leisure or quick food of the gained containing potato dietary fiber, in mass, contain potato meals per 100g Fiber 45~95g of paste, is equivalent to containing 1~18g of potato dietary fiber.
Food/the drink to be prepared is potato dietary fiber mixed congee, by potato residues (wet basis) and potato juice, It counts in mass ratio, with heating maturation paste processed after 1: 3~5 ratio mixing, with acesulfame potassium, xylitol, stabilizer, edible perfume One or more of essence and salt are seasoned homogeneous, are injected into be pre-filled with by pipeline and make ripe jujube, lotus seeds, flower In raw, big wheat kernel, mung bean, red bean, kidney bean, matrimony vine in one or more of packing jar/bottles, after sterilized encapsulation, horse is configured to Bell potato dietary fiber mixed congee;
In gained potato dietary fiber mixed congee, in mass, per tank 350~360g of net content, contain potato meals Fiber 150~160g of paste is eaten, is equivalent to 3~24g of every tank potato dietary fiber content.
Food/the drink to be prepared is potato dietary fiber coffee milk, and by quality ratio, major ingredient prepares ratio Example is potato residues (wet basis): water: ground coffee: raw milk=12~13: 24~40: 4~11: 20~55, potato residues are (wet Base) with water in 1: 2~3 ratio Hybrid Heating maturation paste, then gained paste and instant ground coffee, raw milk After mixing, then with one or more of cocoa power, sweetener, stabilizer, emulsifier, acidity regulator, food flavor, salt Mixing seasoning homogeneous, sterilized encapsulation are configured to potato dietary fiber coffee milk;
Gained potato dietary fiber coffee milk, in terms of mass fraction, containing potato dietary fiber 1~8%.
Food/the drink to be prepared is potato dietary fiber soya-bean milk, is soaked after first soybean is cleaned with clear water When bubble 4~10 is small, by quality ratio, major ingredient configuration proportion is soybean (after immersion): potato slag (wet basis): water=8~10: 16~ 20: 65~80, the abundant mixing of the major ingredient, grinding are obtained into mixed slurry, gained mixed slurry heating system is ripe, add in sweet taste One or more of agent, refining vegetable oil, stabilizer, food flavor, salt are seasoned homogeneous, and sterilized encapsulation is prepared Into potato dietary fiber soya-bean milk;
Gained potato dietary fiber soya-bean milk, in terms of mass fraction, containing potato dietary fiber 1~15%.
Food/the drink to be prepared is potato dietary fiber banana milk, is per 100g raw material main components: Potato residues (wet basis) 6~7g, 12~28g of water, 45~55g of banana Normal juice, 20~30g of raw milk, by potato residues (wet basis) With water, count in mass ratio, with 1: 2~4 ratio Hybrid Heating maturation paste, then gained paste and banana Normal juice, One kind in raw milk, cocoa power, cream, stabilizer, emulsifier, acidity regulator, food flavor, sweetener, edible salt or Several mixing seasoning homogeneous, sterilized encapsulation are configured to potato dietary fiber banana milk;
Gained potato dietary fiber banana milk, in terms of mass fraction, containing potato dietary fiber 1~5%.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has technique effect beneficial below:
The preparation method of food/drink provided by the invention based on potato dietary fiber, on the one hand in view of existing energy It is seldom enough to provide the product of dietary fiber, facilitates snack food, soft drink or drink several based on the high-quality dietary fiber of potato Do not have, and people's health life is highly desirable to dietary fiber;On the other hand in view of existing potato starch enterprise produces It is insufficient, unreasonable in the presence of being utilized to raw material in processing, waste the phenomenon that serious.A kind of Ma Ling based on paste proposed Potato dietary fiber mixture is a kind of new mode for developing and utilizing potato dietary fiber, and cost is small, in good taste, is convenient for Processing, digestion, also easily by human body glycolysis, absorption and utilization.Especially with this mashed sweet potato dietary fiber mixture system Make food, drink, soft drink and facilitate snack food, dietary fiber content is obviously improved in food, people is made to obtain meals fine The mode and approach of dimension become convenient, simple and direct, and favourable crowd improves dietary fiber intake, alleviate traditional food/drink addition The excessive adverse effect to health of sugar and starch, promotes current high-energy, high in fat, high protein, low fiber, " three high and one low " no Rational diet changes to Dietary Pattern in a healthy and balanced way, and national potato staple foodization is contributed to promote and implement.
The preparation method of food/drink provided by the invention based on potato dietary fiber, be by potato residue and/ Or potato juice and cereal, beans, greengrocery, fruits, nut fruits, Chinese medicine, drink class and/or meat eggs etc. it is therein a kind of or A variety of mixing, the sequence of operations such as heated, grinding, filtration, seasoning, homogeneous, disinfection, encapsulation, are fabricated to taste and mouthfeel not Food/drink of the same ingredient containing potato dietary fiber.The product produced in this way makes full use of meals contained by potato Fiber characteristics are eaten, improve food nutrient structure, increase food meal fiber content, are not only able to provide fine rich in high-quality meals Dimension, the balanced diet nutrition that Density of nutrient is relatively reasonable, balanced promote national nutrient health level to improve, also reduce enterprise Industry burden promotes increasing peasant income and potato staple food grain.
The country is less to the developmental research of potato residues dietary fiber, fresh potato slag aqueous 80% or so, wet basis (w/ W) cellulose 20~30% in, pectin 20~30%, it is starch 4~6%, lignin 1~2%, hemicellulose 0.3~1%, fine Dimension 0.9% or so, protein/amino acid 0.5% or so, ash content 0.5% or so are a kind of safety, cheap dietary fiber money Source.At present, relative complex from the technique of potato residues extraction dietary fiber, cost is also high, and marketing is not smooth.The present invention Potato dietary fiber is developed with paste forms, not only cost is small for the paste formed, and easy to process and digestion, is Develop and utilize a kind of new mode of potato dietary fiber.
Dietary fiber is divided into soluble dietary fiber and insoluble dietary fiber.Soluble dietary fiber in potato residues Mainly pectin, pectin energy is very low, and water imbibition is strong, there is reducing blood lipid and hypoglycemic and good defecating feces excretion;It is solvable Property fiber in gastrointestinal tract and the carbohydrate weave in such as starch, the absorption of the latter can be delayed, reduction can also be played The effect of postprandial blood sugar.Insoluble dietary fiber is mainly cellulose in potato residues, and insoluble dietary fiber is to human body Effect, first consist in promotion gastrointestinal motility, accelerate food by gastrointestinal tract, reduce and absorb, in addition insoluble fibers exist Moisture softening stool is absorbed in large intestine, can play the role of preventing treating constipation, and production of the dietary fiber in enteron aisle after glycolysis Object also has human body many benefits.
Research shows potato dietary fiber, particularly soluble dietary fiber, and retention ability is above west with expansion rate The common standard wheat bran fibre analog value of country.Food/drink containing potato dietary fiber made of potato slag, product water holding Power, expansive force are high, have good physiological activity, and whether mouthfeel, taste or product after fermenting in enteron aisle, all compare wheat Bran fiber is of fine quality.
The meals element of our people is aided with vegetables fruit based on cereal, so lacking originally without dietary fiber Anxiety, but with social development, living standard improve, food becomes more meticulous, and degree is higher and higher, and animal food proportion is big To increase, dietary fiber intake is fewer and fewer.The heat production ratio of some big cities resident's dietary fat, by decades ago 20%~25%, current 40%~45% is increased to, and the intake of dietary fiber is substantially reduced.High-energy, it is high in fat, High protein, low fiber, " three high and one low " Dietary Pattern initially enter national daily life, and so-called " life is become better and better, and fiber is got over Come fewer ".Thus cause " modern civilization diseases ", such as obesity, hyperglycaemia, the progressively rejuvenation of hyperlipidemia disease, artery Atherosis, coronary heart disease, cerebrovas-cularaccident, Hypertension incidence raise year by year.Some take in very few related with dietary fiber Disease, such as intestinal cancer, constipation, polyposis intestinalis incidence are also obviously improved earlier above.
China is the country that the aged is most in the world, it is contemplated that will have more than 500,000,000 populations in this century more than 60 years old.Entirely State's census is shown, has been just aged few son society early in China in 2010, Chinese's meals get used to largely intake and form sediment Powder, this eating habit and consumption pattern are all extremely disadvantageous to old human body and health.In July, 2017, the General Office of the State Council It prints and distributes《National Nutrition Project (2017-2030)》, six significant actions are proposed to improve national nutrient health level.
Country promotes potato staple food grain, also horizontal to improve people's diet structure from State-level promotion Bring hope.Potato belongs to food transboundary, cereal, veterinary antibiotics, drug characteristic is had both, rich in high-quality dietary fiber, albumen Matter, multivitamin, trace element, electrolyte etc., Density of nutrient enrich, comprehensively more than cereal staple food grain, and trophic structure is more Beneficial to health.Since potato starch is mainly amylopectin, with respect to cereal staple food grain amylose, it is easier to be digested enzyme Hydrolysis, direct boiling eat, to quite a few people and are not suitable for.Therefore, the potato residues after starch, potato juice are moderately extracted more It is eaten suitable for most of compatriots.
Potato slag potato juice blend, contains water, protein, fat, carbohydrate, dietary fiber, vitamin, lot of trace Element and electrolyte etc..The paste formed after heating system is ripe, appearance is sparkling and crystal-clear, and be translucent shape, there is the distinctive perfume (or spice) of tuber crops food Taste, mouthfeel is clear and rich smooth, and taste is unique novel.
Using potato slag and potato juice blend as food adding ingredient, content of the dietary fiber in food can be made significantly to carry Rise, reduce in traditional food processing, soup stock adjustment mainly to add based on sugar and starch paste, the drawbacks of formation and caused by it is unfavorable It influences, gives the conventional food cooked mode based on addition sugar and starch paste and new option is provided.
The potato slag potato juice blend of other food materials, glycemic index (GI) only 2~17 or so are not added in.This low Energy, bibulous dietary fiber mixture and other food materials, such as cereal, beans, greengrocery, fruits, nut fruits, Chinese medicine The foods such as material, drink class and/or meat eggs mix, and are not only able to provide and enrich good dietary fiber, and can also be by Ma Ling Other nutriments are brought into food in potato.Potato slag potato juice blend is arranged in pairs or groups with dairy produce and/or meat eggs, can be provided excellent Double protein nutrition, Density of nutrient is more balanced.
The paste formed after potato slag mixing potato juice and/or water heating system are ripe is that a kind of brand-new meals containing potato are fine The food form of dimension and its nutriment.As long as Scientific application, reasonably combined, to improving fitness-for-all, control and delay glycosuria The relevant diseases such as disease, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, intestinal cancer, obesity occur, develop it is very useful.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the leisure containing potato dietary fiber of the present invention or the flow diagram of quick food making method;
Fig. 2 is the flow diagram of the potato dietary fiber mixed congee preparation method of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the flow diagram of the potato dietary fiber coffee milk preparation method of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the potato dietary fiber Tofu pudding life of the present invention and/or soya-bean milk, the flow diagram of juice preparation method;
Fig. 5 is the potato dietary fiber banana milk of the present invention and/or the flow diagram of juice preparation method;
Fig. 6 is the flow diagram that the sesame of the present invention and/or honey potato dietary fiber starch preparation method;
Fig. 7 is the flow diagram of the potato dietary fiber tea preparation method of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the flow diagram of the potato dietary fiber lime-preserved egg lean meat custard preparation method of the present invention;
The potato residues (wet basis) that Fig. 9 is the present invention are mixed with potato juice or water by different proportion, heat maturation paste processed Exemplary plot in kind afterwards;
The potato slag (wet basis) that Figure 10 is the present invention is mixed with water, coffee and/or milk, exemplary plot in kind after heating system is ripe;
Figure 11 is the potato dietary fiber mixed congee of the present invention and potato dietary fiber peanut paste material object exemplary plot.
Specific embodiment
With reference to specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, it is described be explanation of the invention and It is not to limit.
The present invention provides a kind of preparation method of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber, is extracted and formed sediment with potato The potato slag generated after powder carries out the preparation of food/drink as the base feed of dietary fiber, including following operation:
A) the abundant mixing of potato juice generated after potato slag and water and/or potato extraction starch is made mixed containing dietary fiber Object A is closed, mixture A of the gained containing dietary fiber is heated maturation paste processed, homogeneous is seasoned, then with making ripe food to be prepared Remaining major ingredient needed for product/drink, dispensing are sufficiently mixed, packaged sterile, obtain food/drink of the ingredient containing potato dietary fiber Product;
Alternatively, b) by a) mixture A of the gained containing dietary fiber with needed for food/drink to be prepared remaining major ingredient, match somebody with somebody Material is sufficiently mixed, and grinding, slurrying obtain mixed slurry B, and gained mixed slurry B is heated maturation paste processed, seasons homogeneous, then Food/drink of the ingredient containing potato dietary fiber is obtained after sterilized encapsulation;
Alternatively, b) gained mixed slurry B c) is separated into slurry and juice through filtration, then to gained slurry and juice point It does not carry out obtaining food/drink of the ingredient containing potato dietary fiber after ripe, seasoning homogeneous, then sterilized encapsulation are made in heating;
Alternatively, d) potato slag is cleaned and filtered, the refined potato slag that the water content in terms of mass fraction is more than 90% is made, Gained is refined potato slag and heats maturation paste processed, then through seasoning homogeneous, obtained after packaged sterile containing potato dietary fiber into Food/the drink divided;
Alternatively, e) by d) the refined potato slag of gained with needed for food/drink to be prepared remaining major ingredient, dispensing be sufficiently mixed, Heating maturation paste processed after grinding, slurrying, then through seasoning homogeneous, the ingredient containing potato dietary fiber is obtained after packaged sterile Food/drink.
In terms of mass fraction, the mixture A containing dietary fiber, potato slag (wet basis) accounts for 10~50%, water and/or potato Juice accounts for 50~90%, and ripe gained paste is made by its heating, containing dietary fiber 2~30%, albumen 0.5~4%, starch 0.2~ 10%, per 100g paste in potato correlation biology total alkali content 0~4mg, < 1mg based on zero.
The potato slag is to stay surplus solid matter after potato extracts starch, is presented with colloid property, with mass fraction Meter, aqueous 80~90%;Its butt contain 30~40% cellulose, 30~40% starch, 10~20% pectin, 0.5 ~4% protein/amino acid;
The potato juice is that potato extracts the aqueous solution generated after starch, in terms of mass fraction, containing albumen 0.5~ 2.8%th, starch 0.2~1%, separately containing a small amount of cellulose, vitamin, trace element, electrolyte etc..
It is one kind in optical wave heating, microwave heating, electromagnetic heating, gas heating, steam heating that described heating system is ripe Or a variety of carry out direct or indirect heating;
Described filtration is is separated by filtration, centrifuges, press filtration separation, the one or more in cyclonic separation;
The seasoning be using savory agent, sweetener, tasty agents, acid, pungent pastil, tea juice in flavoring agent etc. its In one or more be seasoned.
Food/the drink to be prepared, by d) or e) prepared by mode, in mass, food/drink obtained by per 100g In, potato correlation biology total alkali content < 1mg.
Described remaining major ingredient, dispensing include cereal, beans, greengrocery, fruits, nut fruits, Chinese medicine, drink class And/or the one or more therein such as meat eggs;
The cereal includes wheat kernel, rice, millet, black rice, glutinous rice, corn, corn, flour, corn flour, rice flour;
The beans includes soybean, mung bean, red bean, kidney bean, hyacinth bean, peanut, pea, sesame;
The greengrocery includes mushroom, newborn gill fungus, mushroom, konjaku, white fungus, capsicum, Chinese prickly ash, coriander, green onion, garlic, ginger, Hu Luo Fore-telling, tomato, fresh kidney beans, cauliflower, pumpkin, cucumber, wax gourd, sweet potato, beet, radish;
The fruits include raisins, strawberry, blueberry are done, mulberries, jujube, candied date, citrus, orange, plum, apple Fruit, banana;
The nut fruits includes walnut kernel, peanut, peach kernel, almond, Chinese chestnut, loose seed, cashew nut;
The Chinese medicine includes lotus seeds, longan, Chinese yam, adlay, lily, matrimony vine, Gorgon fruit, honey, orange peel;
The drink class includes teas, coffee-type, cocoa class, fruit juice, pulp, milk, goat milk, hunchbacked milk, Yoghourt, milk Powder;
The meat eggs include bacon, sausage, caviar, a kink of preserved egg, egg, duck's egg, quail egg.
Food/the drink to be prepared is the leisure containing potato dietary fiber or quick food, by potato residues (wet basis) and potato juice, is counted in mass ratio, with heating maturation paste processed after 1: 3~5 ratio mixing, through seasoning homogeneous, is passed through Pipeline, which is injected into be pre-filled with, makes ripe cereal, beans, greengrocery, fruits, nut fruits, Chinese medicine, drink class and/or meat One or more major ingredients therein such as eggs, dispensing packing jar or bottle in, after sterilized encapsulation, be configured to meals containing potato The leisure of fiber or quick food;
In leisure or quick food of the gained containing potato dietary fiber, in mass, contain potato meals per 100g Fiber 45~95g of paste, is equivalent to containing 1~18g of potato dietary fiber.
Food/the drink to be prepared is potato dietary fiber mixed congee, by potato residues (wet basis) and potato juice, It counts in mass ratio, with heating maturation paste processed after 1: 3~5 ratio mixing, with acesulfame potassium, xylitol, stabilizer, edible perfume Essence and salt are seasoned homogeneous, are injected into be pre-filled with by pipeline and make ripe jujube, lotus seeds, peanut, big wheat kernel, green In beans, red bean, kidney bean, matrimony vine in one or more of packing jar/bottles, after sterilized encapsulation, potato dietary fiber is configured to Mixed congee;
In gained potato dietary fiber mixed congee, in mass, per tank 350~360g of net content, contain potato meals Fiber 150~160g of paste is eaten, is equivalent to 3~24g of every tank potato dietary fiber content.
Food/the drink to be prepared is potato dietary fiber coffee milk, and by quality ratio, major ingredient prepares ratio Example be:Potato residues (wet basis): water: ground coffee: raw milk=12~13: 24~40: 4~11: 20~55, by potato residues (wet basis) and water are in 1: 2~3 ratio Hybrid Heating maturation paste, then gained paste and instant ground coffee, life After cow's milk mixing, then mix and seasoned with cocoa power, sweetener, stabilizer, emulsifier, acidity regulator, food flavor, salt Matter, sterilized encapsulation are configured to potato dietary fiber coffee milk;
Gained potato dietary fiber coffee milk, in terms of mass fraction, containing potato dietary fiber 1~8%.
Food/the drink to be prepared is potato dietary fiber soya-bean milk, is soaked after first soybean is cleaned with clear water When bubble 4~10 is small, by quality ratio, major ingredient configuration proportion is:Soybean (after immersion): potato slag (wet basis): water=8~10: 16 ~20: 65~80, the abundant mixing of the major ingredient, grinding are obtained into mixed slurry, gained mixed slurry heating system is ripe, add in sweet tea Taste agent, refining vegetable oil, stabilizer, food flavor, salt are seasoned homogeneous, and sterilized encapsulation is configured to potato meals Fiber soya-bean milk;
Gained potato dietary fiber soya-bean milk, in terms of mass fraction, containing potato dietary fiber 1~15%.
Food/the drink to be prepared is potato dietary fiber banana milk, in mass, per 100g raw material masters The ingredient is wanted to be:Potato residues (wet basis) 6~7g, 12~28g of water, 45~55g of banana Normal juice, 20~30g of raw milk, by potato Slag (wet basis) and water, are counted in mass ratio, with 1: 2~4 ratio Hybrid Heating maturation paste, then gained paste and perfume Any of several broadleaf plants Normal juice, raw milk, cocoa power, cream, stabilizer, emulsifier, acidity regulator, food flavor, sweetener, edible salt etc. are mixed Seasoning homogeneous is closed, sterilized encapsulation is configured to potato dietary fiber banana milk;
Gained potato dietary fiber banana milk, in terms of mass fraction, containing potato dietary fiber 1~5%.
Specific embodiment is given below.
Referring to Fig. 1, the preparation method of leisure or quick food containing potato dietary fiber, including following operation:
Potato juice and/or water are added in potato slag, is counted in mass ratio, potato residues (wet basis): potato juice and/or water=1: 3~ 5, by the potato slag, potato juice and/or water mixing composition mixture, gained potato slag potato juice blend is heated maturation paste processed, Then homogeneous is seasoned, adds in and makes ripe cereal, beans, greengrocery, fruits, nut fruits, Chinese medicine, drink class and/or meat egg Class etc. or using therein one or more of as major ingredient and/or dispensing, after sterilized encapsulation, is made different taste and contains potato The leisure of dietary fiber or quick food.
Referring to Fig. 2, the preparation method of potato dietary fiber mixed congee, including following operation:
By quality ratio, potato residues (wet basis) and potato juice are matched in 1: 3 ratio Hybrid Heating maturation paste with peace Honey, xylitol, stabilizer, food flavor, edible salt etc. season homogeneous, are injected into be pre-filled with and make ripe jujube, lotus seeds, flower In the pop cans of food materials such as raw, big wheat kernel, mung bean, red bean, kidney bean, matrimony vine, after sterilized encapsulation, potato dietary fiber is made Mixed congee;Gained potato dietary fiber mixed congee, per tank net content 360g, dispensing is formed:One piece of jujube, one piece of lotus seeds, flower 4~5 raw, big wheat kernel, mung bean, red bean, kidney bean, matrimony vine etc. are several, count 200g, make ripe potato dietary fiber paste 160g。
Referring to Fig. 3, the production method of potato dietary fiber coffee milk, including following operation:
1) potato residues are cleaned and filtered, to reduce and reduce alkaloid and redox materials contained therein, Refined potato slag is made;By quality ratio, by refined potato slag (wet basis) and water in 1: 3 ratio Hybrid Heating maturation paste;
2) gained paste and instant coffee powder, raw milk, cocoa power, sweetener, stabilizer, emulsifier, acidity tune The mixings such as agent, food flavor, edible salt seasoning homogeneous is saved, after sterilized encapsulation, potato dietary fiber coffee milk is made;Gained Potato dietary fiber coffee milk, by quality ratio, main material configuration proportion is:Potato residues (wet basis): water: ground coffee: Raw milk=5: 15: 4: 20, be per 100g raw material main components:Potato slag (wet basis) 12~13g, 35~40g of water, ground coffee 8 ~11g, 45~55g of raw milk.
Referring to Fig. 4, the production method of potato dietary fiber soya-bean milk, peanut paste and peanut juice, including following operation:
1) after first soybean is cleaned with clear water impregnate 4~10 it is small when, by quality ratio, major ingredient configuration proportion is:Greatly Beans (after immersion): potato slag (wet basis): water=8~10: 16~20: 65~80, the abundant mixing of the major ingredient, grinding are mixed Slurry, gained mixed slurry heating system is ripe, it adds in sweetener, refining vegetable oil, stabilizer, food flavor, salt and is adjusted After sterilized encapsulation, potato dietary fiber soya-bean milk is made in taste homogeneous.
2) first peanut is cleaned after with clear water impregnate 4~10 it is small when, by quality ratio, major ingredient configuration proportion is:Flower Life is (after immersion): potato slag (wet basis): water=1: 2: 8, the abundant mixing of the major ingredient, grinding are obtained into mixed slurry, gained is mixed It closes slurry and filters separation, obtain slurry and juice, gained slurry and juice are heated respectively and make ripe, addition sweetener, refining plant Object oil, stabilizer, food flavor, edible salt etc. season homogeneous, sterilized encapsulation, be configured to potato dietary fiber peanut paste and Potato dietary fiber peanut juice.
Referring to Fig. 5, the production method of potato dietary fiber banana milk, including following operation:
By quality ratio, the mixing that potato slag is formed with water is made in 1: 3 ratio mixing in potato residues (wet basis) and water Gained mixture is heated maturation paste processed, then gained paste and banana Normal juice, raw milk, cocoa power, milk by object The mixings such as oil, stabilizer, emulsifier, acidity regulator, food flavor, sweetener, edible salt seasoning homogeneous, sterilized encapsulation, It is configured to potato dietary fiber banana milk, gained potato dietary fiber banana milk, by quality ratio, major ingredient configuration proportion For:Potato residues (wet basis): water: banana Normal juice: raw milk=5: 15: 40: 20, be per 100g raw material main components:Ma Ling Potato slag (wet basis) 6~7g, 18~20g of water, 45~55g of banana Normal juice, 20~30g of raw milk.
Referring to Fig. 6, the preparation method of potato dietary fiber sesame and/or honey slurry, including following operation:
By quality ratio, potato residues (wet basis) and water are made potato slag and are mixed with what water formed in 1: 2~5 ratio mixings And object, gained mixture is heated into maturation paste processed, sesame and/or honey are then added in, through seasoning, homogeneous, disinfection, envelope Dress is modulated into sesame and/or honey potato slurry.
Referring to Fig. 7, the preparation method of potato dietary fiber tea, including following operation:
1) potato residues are cleaned and filtered, with less and reduce alkaloid contained therein and redox materials, Refined potato slag is made;
2) by quality ratio, major ingredient configuration proportion is:Tealeaves (dry matter): refined potato slag (wet basis): water=1: 4: 16, After adding in tealeaves (dry matter) and water in refined potato slag, the mixture of potato slag, tealeaves and water composition is fully uniformly mixed so as to obtain, institute Mixture grinding slurrying, heating maturation paste processed are obtained, through operations such as seasoning, homogeneous, disinfection, encapsulation, potato meals are made Fiber tea.
Referring to Fig. 8, the preparation method of potato dietary fiber lime-preserved egg lean meat custard, including following operation:
By quality ratio, potato residues (wet basis) and potato juice are made potato slag and are formed with potato juice in 1: 2~4 ratio mixings Mixture, by gained potato slag and the mixture of potato juice composition, heat maturation paste processed, after seasoning homogeneous, noted by pipeline Enter into the bottle or tank of the food materials such as the ripe lime-preserved egg fragment of the system of having placed, lean meat silk, mushroom, peanut, loose seed, matrimony vine, it is fully mixed It is even, after sterilized encapsulation, potato dietary fiber lime-preserved egg lean meat custard is made.
Referring to Fig. 9, potato residues (wet basis) are mixed with potato juice or water by different proportion, gained paste mixing after heating system is ripe Beyond the region of objective existence is seen:(left figure) when potato residues (wet basis) and potato juice ratio are 1: 3, after heating system is ripe outside gained potato slag potato juice blend It sees in gelatin;(middle) is when potato residues (wet basis) are 1: 3 with water ratio, potato slag potato juice blend obtained by after heating system is ripe Appearance is in grume;(right figure) when potato residues (wet basis) and water ratio are 1: 4, gained potato slag potato juice mixing after heating system is ripe Beyond the region of objective existence is seen in scattered paste shape.
Referring to Figure 10, potato residues (wet basis) are mixed with water, coffee and/or milk by different proportion, institute after heating system is ripe Potato dietary fiber drink appearance must be contained:By quality ratio, (left figure) potato residues (wet basis): water: coffee=10: 30: 3; (right figure) potato residues (wet basis): water: coffee: milk=5: 15: 4: 20.
Referring to Figure 11, (left figure) is potato dietary fiber mixed congee appearance, and by quality ratio, potato slag prepares ratio with potato juice Example be:Potato slag (wet basis): potato juice=1: 2~5, the potato slag, potato juice blend are heated into maturation paste processed, addition system is ripe Big wheat kernel, lotus seeds, jujube, peanut, mung bean, red bean, kidney bean, matrimony vine, acesulfame potassium, xylitol, edible salt etc. are modulated;It is (right Figure) it is potato dietary fiber peanut paste appearance, it is potato slag addition water and peanut, grinds slurrying, heating system is ripe, modulates, In raw material, by quality ratio, peanut: potato slag: water=1: 2: 8.
In above-mentioned example, potato slag adds the mixture of potato juice and/or water composition, main nutrient composition table (table 1) and life Alkaloids and glycemic index table (table 2) are as follows:
1 main nutrient composition table of table
2 alkaloid of table and glycemic index table (AGI)
《Chinese residents dietary guidelines (2016 editions)》It is required that full cereal and miscellaneous beans 50-150g, potato should be taken in for each person every day The dietary fiber that class 50-100g, wherein potato are provided plays important balanced action in resident's diet balance.Potato extracts starch Potato slag, the potato juice dietary fiber content generated afterwards is very high, and pectin contained therein is soluble dietary fiber, there is reducing blood lipid, drop blood Sugared and good defecating feces excretion.Pectin does not influence absorption of the human body to the trace element such as calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, can adsorb in food The heavy metal ion such as lead, nickel, cobalt, and liquid digestion cannot be digested, so vivotoxin can be discharged effectively.Cellulose and wooden Element is non-soluble dietary fiber, has defaecation, promotes bifidobacterium fermentation effect, beneficial bacteria of intestinal tract can be promoted to grow, adsorbs With discharge intestinal toxic substance, raising and strengthen immunity.Set specification is fed daily, appropriate amount is eaten containing potato dietary fiber Product to health care, are promoted longevity, prevent and control intestinal cancer, diabetes, obesity, cholelithiasis and other diseases occurrence and development, reinforcement It is of great advantage to improve health for matter.
Example given above is to realize the present invention preferably example, and the invention is not restricted to above-described embodiments.This field Technical staff's technical solution according to the present invention technical characteristic any nonessential addition, the replacement made, belong to this The protection domain of invention.

Claims (11)

1. a kind of preparation method of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber, which is characterized in that starch is extracted with potato The potato slag generated afterwards carries out the preparation of food/drink as the base feed of dietary fiber, including following operation:
A) mixture containing dietary fiber is made in the abundant mixing of potato juice generated after potato slag and water and/or potato extraction starch Mixture A of the gained containing dietary fiber is heated maturation paste processed, seasons homogeneous by A, then with make ripe food to be prepared/ Remaining major ingredient needed for drink, dispensing are sufficiently mixed, packaged sterile, obtain food/drink of the ingredient containing potato dietary fiber;
Alternatively, b) by a) mixture A of the gained containing dietary fiber with needed for food/drink to be prepared remaining major ingredient, dispensing fills Dividing mixing, grinding, slurrying obtain mixed slurry B, and gained mixed slurry B is heated maturation paste processed, seasons homogeneous, then through disappearing Food/drink of the ingredient containing potato dietary fiber is obtained after poison encapsulation;
Alternatively, c) by b) gained mixed slurry B through filtration be separated into slurry and juice, then to gained slurry and juice respectively into Row heating system is ripe, obtains food/drink of the ingredient containing potato dietary fiber after seasoning homogeneous, then sterilized encapsulation;
Alternatively, d) potato slag is cleaned and filtered, the refined potato slag that the water content in terms of mass fraction is more than 90% is made, institute Potato slag must be refined and heat maturation paste processed, then through seasoning homogeneous, the ingredient containing potato dietary fiber is obtained after packaged sterile Food/drink;
Alternatively, e) by d) the refined potato slag of gained with needed for food/drink to be prepared remaining major ingredient, dispensing be sufficiently mixed, grind, Heat maturation paste processed after slurrying, then through seasoning homogeneous, obtained after packaged sterile the food of the ingredient containing potato dietary fiber/ Drink.
2. a kind of preparation method of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber as described in claim 1, feature exist In in terms of mass fraction, the mixture A containing dietary fiber, potato slag (wet basis) accounts for 10~50%, and water and/or potato juice account for 50~90%, ripe gained paste is made by its heating, containing dietary fiber 2~30%, albumen 0.5~4%, starch 0.2~10%, Potato correlation biology 0~4mg of total alkali content in per 100g paste,<1mg is based on zero.
3. a kind of preparation method of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber as described in claim 1, feature exist In the potato slag is to stay surplus solid matter after potato extracts starch, is presented with colloid property, in terms of mass fraction, contained Water 80~90%;Its butt contain 30~40% cellulose, 30~40% starch, 10~20% pectin, 0.5~4% Protein/amino acid;
The potato juice is the aqueous solution that generates after potato extraction starch, in terms of mass fraction, containing albumen 0.5~2.8%, Starch 0.2~1.0%.
4. a kind of preparation method of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber as described in claim 1, feature exist Ripe in, described heating system is one or more in optical wave heating, microwave heating, electromagnetic heating, gas heating, steam heating Carry out direct or indirect heating;
Described filtration is is separated by filtration, centrifuges, press filtration separation, the one or more in cyclonic separation;
The seasoning is therein using savory agent, sweetener, tasty agents, acid, pungent pastil, the tea juice in flavoring agent etc. One or more are seasoned.
5. a kind of preparation method of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber as described in claim 1, feature exist In, the food/drink to be prepared, by d) or e) prepared by mode, in mass, and in food/drink obtained by per 100g, horse Bell potato correlation biology total alkali content<1mg.
6. a kind of preparation method of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber as described in claim 1, feature exist In the major ingredient, dispensing include cereal, beans, greengrocery, fruits, nut fruits, Chinese medicine, drink class and/or meat eggs Etc. one or more therein;
The cereal includes wheat kernel, rice, millet, black rice, glutinous rice, corn, corn, flour, corn flour, rice flour;
The beans includes soybean, mung bean, red bean, kidney bean, hyacinth bean, peanut, pea, sesame;
The greengrocery includes mushroom, newborn gill fungus, mushroom, konjaku, white fungus, capsicum, Chinese prickly ash, coriander, green onion, garlic, ginger, carrot, west Red persimmon, fresh kidney beans, cauliflower, pumpkin, cucumber, wax gourd, sweet potato, beet, radish;
The fruits include raisins, strawberry, blueberry are done, mulberries, jujube, candied date, citrus, orange, plum, apple, perfume (or spice) Any of several broadleaf plants;
The nut fruits includes walnut kernel, peanut, peach kernel, almond, Chinese chestnut, loose seed, cashew nut;
The Chinese medicine includes lotus seeds, longan, Chinese yam, adlay, lily, matrimony vine, Gorgon fruit, honey, orange peel;
The drink class includes teas, coffee-type, cocoa class, fruit juice, pulp, milk, goat milk, hunchbacked milk, Yoghourt, milk powder;
The meat eggs include bacon, sausage, caviar, a kink of preserved egg, egg, duck's egg, quail egg.
7. a kind of preparation method of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber as described in claim 1, feature exist In the food/drink to be prepared is the leisure containing potato dietary fiber or quick food, by potato residues (wet basis) It with potato juice, counts, with heating maturation paste processed after 1: 3~5 ratio mixing, through seasoning homogeneous, is noted by pipeline in mass ratio Enter to being pre-filled with and make ripe cereal, beans, greengrocery, fruits, nut fruits, Chinese medicine, drink class and/or meat eggs etc. In one or more major ingredient therein, the packing jar of dispensing or Packaging Bottle, after sterilized encapsulation, it is fine to be configured to meals containing potato The leisure of dimension or quick food;
In leisure or quick food of the gained containing potato dietary fiber, in mass, contain potato dietary fiber per 100g 45~95g of paste is equivalent to containing 1~18g of potato dietary fiber.
8. a kind of preparation method of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber as described in claim 1, feature exist In, the food/drink to be prepared be potato dietary fiber mixed congee, by potato residues (wet basis) and potato juice, by matter Amount is than meter, with heating maturation paste processed after 1: 3~5 ratio mixing, with acesulfame potassium, xylitol, stabilizer, food flavor and One or more of salt is seasoned homogeneous, be injected by pipeline be pre-filled with make ripe jujube, lotus seeds, peanut, In big wheat kernel, mung bean, red bean, kidney bean, matrimony vine in one or more of packing jar/bottles, after sterilized encapsulation, potato is configured to Dietary fiber mixed congee;
It is in mass, fine containing potato meals per tank 350~360g of net content in gained potato dietary fiber mixed congee 150~160g of paste is tieed up, is equivalent to 3~24g of every tank potato dietary fiber content.
9. a kind of preparation method of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber as described in claim 1, feature exist In the food/drink to be prepared is potato dietary fiber coffee milk, and by quality ratio, major ingredient configuration proportion is Potato residues (wet basis): water: ground coffee: raw milk=12~13: 24~40: 4~11: 20~55, by potato residues (wet basis) With water in 1: 2~3 ratio Hybrid Heating maturation paste, then gained paste and instant ground coffee, raw milk are mixed After conjunction, then it is mixed with one or more of cocoa power, sweetener, stabilizer, emulsifier, acidity regulator, food flavor, salt Seasoning homogeneous is closed, sterilized encapsulation is configured to potato dietary fiber coffee milk;
Gained potato dietary fiber coffee milk, in terms of mass fraction, containing potato dietary fiber 1~8%.
10. a kind of preparation method of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber as described in claim 1, feature exist It is potato dietary fiber soya-bean milk in, the food/drink to be prepared, 4 are impregnated with clear water after first soybean is cleaned~ 10 it is small when, by quality ratio, major ingredient configuration proportion be soybean (after immersion): potato slag (wet basis): water=8~10: 16~20: 65 ~80, the abundant mixing of the major ingredient, grinding are obtained into mixed slurry, gained mixed slurry heating system is ripe, add in sweetener, essence One or more of refining vegetable oil, stabilizer, food flavor, salt are seasoned homogeneous, and sterilized encapsulation is configured to Ma Ling Potato dietary fiber soybean milk;
Gained potato dietary fiber soya-bean milk, in terms of mass fraction, containing potato dietary fiber 1~15%.
11. a kind of preparation method of food/drink based on potato dietary fiber as described in claim 1, feature exist In the food/drink to be prepared is potato dietary fiber banana milk, is per 100g raw material main components:Ma Ling Potato slag (wet basis) 6~7g, 12~28g of water, 45~55g of banana Normal juice, 20~30g of raw milk, by potato residues (wet basis) and water, It counts in mass ratio, with 1: 2~4 ratio Hybrid Heating maturation paste, then gained paste and banana Normal juice, raw ox One or more of breast, cocoa power, cream, stabilizer, emulsifier, acidity regulator, food flavor, sweetener, edible salt Mixing seasoning homogeneous, sterilized encapsulation are configured to potato dietary fiber banana milk;
Gained potato dietary fiber banana milk, in terms of mass fraction, containing potato dietary fiber 1~5%.
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CN108935667A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-12-07 哈工大机器人(山东)智能装备研究院 A kind of probiotic beverage of the dietary fiber containing shallot and preparation method thereof
CN109479973A (en) * 2018-11-08 2019-03-19 李正华 A kind of formula of nutrition potato dairy products

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