CN108056001A - One Nutrition Soil and preparation method thereof for growing tobacco two-stages seeding - Google Patents

One Nutrition Soil and preparation method thereof for growing tobacco two-stages seeding Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108056001A
CN108056001A CN201711274211.4A CN201711274211A CN108056001A CN 108056001 A CN108056001 A CN 108056001A CN 201711274211 A CN201711274211 A CN 201711274211A CN 108056001 A CN108056001 A CN 108056001A
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soil
decomposed
parts
seed manure
disinfection
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CN201711274211.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周路阔
王建平
许清孝
周冀衡
李宏光
成军平
张扬
张一扬
谭军
陆超
丁梦娇
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CHENZHOU Co Ltd OF HUNAN TOBACCO Co Ltd
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CHENZHOU Co Ltd OF HUNAN TOBACCO Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201711274211.4A priority Critical patent/CN108056001A/en
Publication of CN108056001A publication Critical patent/CN108056001A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates

Abstract

Grow tobacco Nutrition Soil of two-stages seeding and preparation method thereof the present invention provides one.Nutrition Soil mentioned in the present invention is by 100 parts of disinfection soils, and 20~50 parts of decomposed stalks, 1~2 part of special seed manure is formulated, draws materials easy, simple for process, cheap, environmentally protective, is easy to mass produce.There are two types of preparation methods mentioned in the present invention, and wherein the first comprises the following steps:S1, decomposed stalk;S2, soil disinfection;S3, special seed manure are prepared;S4, nutritive soil preparation;Comprise the following steps for wherein second:S1, decomposed corn;S2, soil disinfection;S3, special seed manure are prepared;S4, nutritive soil preparation.The Nutrition Soil of the present invention provides nontoxic environment for tobacco root system from water root to drought conversion of taking root, and can effectively reduce tobacco seedlings incidence, can significantly improve tobacco root system vigor, promotes root system development, and seedling stage is gone back after shortening transplanting.In addition, the present invention also provides new application channel for agricultural wastes, meet green agriculture.

Description

One Nutrition Soil and preparation method thereof for growing tobacco two-stages seeding
Technical field
Grow tobacco the Nutrition Soil of two-stages seeding the present invention relates to tobacco cultivation and applied technical field more particularly to one And preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Nursery is an extremely important ring on tobacco leaf production, is the basis of entire cured tobacco production, be improve quality of tobacco, Produce the important step of sound tobacco.Therefore, nurturing staff be obtain flue-cured tobacco good quality and high output basis, be stablize quality of tobacco, Better-than-average tobacco leaf ratio, the important leverage for increasing tobacco grower's income are improved, is one of key technology of cured tobacco production.Tobacco is originally The raw crop of drought, but current each cigarette district tobacco seedling is mainly by the way of floating seedlings.
All kinds of corrupt practices creep in for tobacco seedling method tool in the prior art:
1st, in water, water oxygen concentration is insufficient for floating seedlings root system long term growth, hampers the cell differentiation of root system, Weaken the absorption function of root system, root hair lacks, and root activity is low.After transplanting, tobacco seedlings are dashed forward by the suitable greenhouse aquatic environment of environment So it is transformed into the changeable crop field nonirrigated farmland environment of environment, aquatic root system cannot play its physiological function.Adaptation new environment, The conversion of root system must be carried out, in the transition period, seedling quality becomes weaker on the basis of originally by force, causes also seedling stage Extend or even part tobacco seedlings are gradually dead.
The 2nd, although the seedling raising manners such as air-pruning seedling production, few matrix two-part floating seedlings overcome to a certain extent Floating seedlings there are the shortcomings that, but there are still many deficiencies.Air-pruning seedling production is easy to cause disease outburst;Few two sections of matrix Formula floating seedlings though reducing the dosage of matrix, but still are planted in floating disc, and the void volume that root system is grown is small and still It is grown in water, root system is long, and vigor is not high, and there are still the shortcomings that also seedling stage is long after transplanting.
3rd, in view of the above problems, have some patents of invention, but such invention mainly using turf, peat, perlite, The raw materials such as fertilizer special for organic.Turf, peat are non-renewable resources, and such matrix cost is higher, are not appropriate for advising greatly Mould uses.At present also without easy, simple for process, cheap Nutrition Soil of drawing materials.
4th, forefathers propose " flue-cured tobacco floods and droughts two-part strong seedling cultivation skill in being CN103385106A at open (bulletin) number Art ", but the invention pertains only to plantation and way to manage, does not solve this core of Nutrition Soil used in tobacco two-stages seeding Problem.The problem cannot be solved effectively, and tobacco two-stages seeding technology can not still promote and apply.
In view of this, it is special to propose the present invention.
The content of the invention
Technical problems based on background technology, the present invention propose one grow tobacco two-stages seeding Nutrition Soil and Its preparation method not only can provide nontoxic environment from water root to drought conversion of taking root for tobacco root system, can effectively reduce Tobacco seedlings incidence can significantly improve tobacco root system vigor, promote root system development, and seedling stage is gone back after shortening transplanting, can also be agricultural Discarded object provides a kind of new application channel, that is, meets the green agriculture slogan currently advocated in China.
The first object of the present invention is to provide a Nutrition Soil and preparation method thereof for growing tobacco two-stages seeding.It is described Nutrition Soil be prepared by disinfection soil, decomposed stalk and special seed manure, have and improve root activity, drought is promoted to take root and is The function in the also seedling stage after transplanting is shortened in development.
The second object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method of the tobacco two-stages seeding Nutrition Soil, be somebody's turn to do It is easy, cheap, simple for process that method is not only drawn materials, suitable for mass producing, and also it is environmentally protective, nuisanceless, meeting has Machine agricultural development.
In order to realize the above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, spy uses following technical scheme:
One grows tobacco two-stages seeding Nutrition Soil, and the tobacco two-stages seeding Nutrition Soil is mainly by following mass fraction Raw material be prepared:100 parts of disinfection soil, decomposed 20~50 parts of stalk, special 1~2 part of seed manure.
The disinfection soil method is:It chooses arbitrary in soil sterilants fenaminosulf, carbendazim, fludioxonil, hymexazol A kind of 800~1000 times of dilutions, pour the soil through 2mm sieves, and sealer sterilizes 10 days or so, then take off the film soil that scatters and lead to Wind 4~5 days.
The physical features of the disinfection soil are;Dry density is (g/cm3) 1.0~1.23;Wet density:(g/cm3)1.50 ~1.70;Maximum water-holding capacity is:30%~46%;Total porosity:45%~53%;Ventilation voidage:7.0%~17.0%.
The special seed manure nutrients structure is:N:14%~17%, P:7%~10%;K:12%~17%,
Ca:0.8%~1.8%, Mg:0.4%~0.8%, Cu:0.050%~0.070%, Zn:0.050%~ 0.075%, Mo:0.030%~0.050%.
The special seed manure is supported middle N elements and is formulated by nitrate nitrogen and ammonium nitrogen, wherein nitrate nitrogen:Ammonium nitrogen is 8:2~ 6:4。
The decomposed stalk preparation method is:Select rice straw, maize straw, cut up with a hay cutter into or crushed 3cm~ The segment of 10cm, per 1000kg Straw Amendment HB 1~2kg of decomposing microbial inoculum, urea 5kg, wheat bran 5kg, calcium superphosphate 5kg.It adjusts Then stalk moisture plays heap, heap wide 1.5~2.0m, high 1.5~1.6m to 60% or so.Banking up 10~15 days can translate into 1 time and appropriate moisturizing play 30~40 days composts of heap and terminate.Then water content is adjusted to 25%~30%.
The physical features of Nutrition Soil prepared by the scheme of the invention are:Dry density (g/cm3) 0.63~0.89;Wet density: (g/cm3) 1.20~1.40;Maximum water-holding capacity is:35%~55%;Total porosity:55%~65%;Ventilation voidage: 25%~35%.
Optionally, the tobacco two-stages seeding Nutrition Soil is mainly prepared by the raw material of following mass fraction:Disinfection 100 parts of soil, decomposed 25~30 parts of stalk, special 1.2 parts of seed manure.
One preparation method for growing tobacco two-stages seeding Nutrition Soil, which is characterized in that walked including following two preparation methods Suddenly:
Wherein the first preparation method step:
S1, decomposed stalk:Rice straw is crushed to 3~6cm, and adjusts its water content to 60% or so, per 1000kg Stalk adds HB decomposing microbial inoculum 2kg, each 5kg of urea, wheat bran, calcium superphosphate, stalk is uniformly mixed with each material, Ran Houqi Heap.Heap wide 1.5m, high 1.6m, and covered tightly with plastic film.Turning 1 time and appropriate moisturizing after banking up 15 days, play 35 days heaps of heap Corruption terminates.Then the rice straw after will be decomposed is spread out, adjusting water content to 25%~30%, for use.
S2, soil disinfection:Arable layer Arid Red Soil is chosen, 2mm mesh screens are crossed after air-drying, is diluted with 800 times of fenaminosulf of dilution Liquid irrigates soil, and sealer sterilizes 11 days, then takes off film and scatters soil ventilation 4 days, for use.
S3, special seed manure are prepared:N:15%, P:8%;K:12%, Ca:1.0%, Mg:0.5%, Cu:0.050%, Zn: 0.060%, Mo:0.041%
S4, nutritive soil preparation:100 parts of disinfection soil, decomposed 25 parts of rice straw, special 1 part of seed manure, by its mixing, dress Disk.
Wherein second of preparation method step:
S1, decomposed corn:By crush maize to 5~7cm, and its water content is adjusted to 60% or so, per 1000kg stalks HB decomposing microbial inoculum 1.5kg, each 5kg of urea, wheat bran, calcium superphosphate are added, stalk with each material is uniformly mixed, then plays heap. Heap wide 2.0m, high 1.8m, and covered tightly with plastic film.Turning 1 time and appropriate moisturizing after banking up 12 days, play 40 days compost knots of heap Beam.Then the maize straw after will be decomposed is spread out, adjusting water content to 25%~30%, for use.
S2, soil disinfection:Plough horizon Arid Red Soil crosses 2mm mesh screens after air-drying, and is diluted with 1000 times of carbendazim of dilution Liquid irrigates soil, and sealer sterilizes 10 days, then takes off film and scatters soil ventilation 5 days, for use.
S3, special seed manure are prepared:N:16%, P:10%;K:15%, Ca:1.2%, Mg:0.6%, Cu:0.060%, Zn:0.0450%, Mo:0.045%
S4, nutritive soil preparation:100 parts of disinfection soil, decomposed 50 parts of maize straw, special 1.5 parts of seed manure, by its mixing, Sabot.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are:
The present invention has not only expanded agricultural wastes innoxious use channel using rice, maize straw as raw material, and And production process and Product Green are environmentally friendly.Tobacco two-stages seeding Nutrition Soil physical arrangement of the present invention is loose, and nutrient is high, water conservation Fertilizer conservation is conducive to tobacco root system growth and development, is that tobacco root system is taken root the good place of conversion from water root to drought.The present invention The tobacco seedlings resistance of cultivation is strong, and crop field also seedling stage is short.Preparation method of the present invention is simple to operation, suitable for mass producing and pushing away Extensively.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 does experiment the sample photo of middle heeled-in seedling (T1) for the present invention;
Fig. 2 does experiment the sample photo of middle Floating seedling (T2) for the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Technical scheme is clearly and completely described below in conjunction with specific embodiment, but ability Field technique personnel will be understood that following described embodiment is the implementation of part of the embodiment of the present invention rather than whole Example, is merely to illustrate the present invention, and is not construed as limiting the scope of the invention.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, this field is general Logical technical staff all other embodiments obtained without making creative work, belong to protection of the present invention Scope.The person that is not specified actual conditions in embodiment, the condition suggested according to normal condition or manufacturer carry out.Agents useful for same Or production firm person is not specified in instrument, is the conventional products that can be obtained by commercially available purchase.
In order to realize the above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, spy uses following technical scheme:
One grows tobacco two-stages seeding Nutrition Soil, and the tobacco two-stages seeding Nutrition Soil is mainly by following mass fraction Raw material be prepared:100 parts of disinfection soil, decomposed 20~30 parts of stalk, special 1 part of seed manure.
The disinfection soil uses 800 times of dilutions of fenaminosulf.
The decomposed stalk for 5cm rice straw it is decomposed come.
The special seed manure nutrient is:N:14%, P:7%, K:12%, Ca:1.0%, Mg:0.4%,
Cu:0.060%, Zn:0.050%, Mo:0.03%.
N elements are by nitrate nitrogen in the special seed manure:Ammonium nitrogen=8:2 are formulated.
In a kind of preferred embodiment of the present invention, the flue-cured tobacco transplanting root dipping liquid is mainly by following mass fraction Raw material be prepared:100 parts of disinfection soil, decomposed 30~45 parts of stalk, special 1.5 parts of seed manure.
The disinfection soil uses 1000 times of dilutions of carbendazim.
The decomposed stalk is the maize straw of 3~5cm.
Nitrogen is by nitrate nitrogen in the special seed manure:Ammonium nitrogen=7:3 are formulated.
Embodiment 1
One preparation method for growing tobacco two-stages seeding Nutrition Soil, includes the following steps:
S1, decomposed stalk:Rice straw is crushed to 3~6cm, and adjusts its water content to 60% or so, per 1000kg Stalk adds HB decomposing microbial inoculum 2kg, each 5kg of urea, wheat bran, calcium superphosphate, stalk is uniformly mixed with each material, Ran Houqi Heap.Heap wide 1.5m, high 1.6m, and covered tightly with plastic film.Turning 1 time and appropriate moisturizing after banking up 15 days, play 35 days heaps of heap Corruption terminates.Then the rice straw after will be decomposed is spread out, adjusting water content to 25%~30%, for use.
S2, soil disinfection:Arable layer Arid Red Soil is chosen, 2mm mesh screens are crossed after air-drying, is diluted with 800 times of fenaminosulf of dilution Liquid irrigates soil, and sealer sterilizes 11 days, then takes off film and scatters soil ventilation 4 days, for use.
S3, special seed manure are prepared:N:15%, P:8%;K:12%, Ca:1.0%, Mg:0.5%,
Cu:0.050%, Zn:0.060%, Mo:0.041%
S3, nutritive soil preparation:100 parts of disinfection soil, decomposed 25 parts of rice straw, special 1 part of seed manure, by its mixing, dress Disk.
Embodiment 2
One preparation method for growing tobacco two-stages seeding Nutrition Soil, includes the following steps:
S1, decomposed corn:By crush maize to 5~7cm, and its water content is adjusted to 60% or so, per 1000kg stalks HB decomposing microbial inoculum 1.5kg, each 5kg of urea, wheat bran, calcium superphosphate are added, stalk with each material is uniformly mixed, then plays heap. Heap wide 2.0m, high 1.8m, and covered tightly with plastic film.Turning 1 time and appropriate moisturizing after banking up 12 days, play 40 days compost knots of heap Beam.Then the maize straw after will be decomposed is spread out, adjusting water content to 25%~30%, for use.
S2, soil disinfection:Plough horizon Arid Red Soil crosses 2mm mesh screens after air-drying, and is diluted with 1000 times of carbendazim of dilution Liquid irrigates soil, and sealer sterilizes 10 days, then takes off film and scatters soil ventilation 5 days, for use.
S3, special seed manure are prepared:N:16%, P:10%;K:15%, Ca:1.2%, Mg:0.6%,
Cu:0.060%, Zn:0.0450%, Mo:0.045%
S4, nutritive soil preparation:100 parts of disinfection soil, decomposed 50 parts of maize straw, special 1.5 parts of seed manure, by its mixing, Sabot.
The present invention not only can provide nontoxic environment for tobacco root system from water root to drought conversion of taking root, and can effectively drop Low tobacco seedlings incidence can significantly improve tobacco root system vigor, promote root system development, go back seedling stage after shortening transplanting, can also be agriculture Industry discarded object provides a kind of new application channel, that is, meets the green agriculture slogan currently advocated in China.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention be not limited to This, any one skilled in the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, technique according to the invention scheme And its inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should be covered by the protection scope of the present invention.
In order to verify and examine proposed by the invention one to grow tobacco the Nutrition Soil and preparation method thereof of two-stages seeding Authenticity and reliability have specially done following two groups of specific aims experiment:
Tobacco seedlings are planted and field-transplanting experiment 1:
This experiment is implemented in Chenzhou City Guiyang County stream peak cigarette station, and 2 processing of setting are:Floating seedlings unified first, wait to float When the tobacco seedlings of floating nursery reach four leaves wholeheartedly, choose tobacco seedlings of the same size and be planted into plastic pallet (56 holes, the dress battalion per hole Support soil 60-64g), with product of the present invention -- the seedling that the Nutrition Soil that decomposed rice straw is prepared is cultivated is processing T1.Whole process is adopted The seedling cultivated with conventional floating seedlings is processing T2.It is transplanted respectively after seedling to crop field, carries out randomized block experiment, everywhere 3 repetitions are managed, amount to 6 cells, each 0.5 mu of cell.Measure the agriculture of physical property and 2 processing seedlings with nutrition The seedling time is gone back behind skill character, root system development situation and transplanting crop field.
The 1 nutrition soil physical property of table
The influence of seedling time is gone back after the paired tobacco seedlings economical character of 2 different disposal of table and transplanting
Influence of 3 different disposal of table to seedling Root morphology
Tobacco seedlings are planted and field-transplanting experiment 2:
This experiment is implemented in Chenzhou City Yizhang yellow sand cigarette station, and 2 processing of setting are:Floating seedlings unified first, wait to float When the tobacco seedlings of nursery reach four leaves wholeheartedly, choose tobacco seedlings of the same size and be planted into plastic pallet (56 holes, the dress nutrition per hole 60~64g of soil), the seedling cultivated with the Nutrition Soil prepared with the decomposed stalk of product of the present invention~~corn is processing T1.It is whole The seedling that conventional floating seedlings are cultivated is used to handle T2.It is transplanted respectively after seedling to crop field, carries out randomized block experiment, respectively 3 repetitions are handled, amount to 6 cells, each 0.5 mu of cell.It measures the physical property with nutrition and 2 handles seedling The seedling time is gone back behind economical character, root system development situation and transplanting crop field.
The 4 nutrition soil physical property of table
The influence of seedling time is gone back after the paired tobacco seedlings economical character of 5 different disposal of table and transplanting
Influence of 6 different disposal of table to seedling Root morphology
Therefore, from testing above:Product physical arrangement of the present invention is reasonable, full of nutrition, is conducive to tobacco root system Conversion and growth and development.The tobacco root system vigor cultivated with product of the present invention is high, and root system root system development is good, total root long, total root body Product root average diameter and tip of a root number are significantly better than control.Tobacco seedlings stem height, the stem cultivated with product of the present invention are high, on the ground, The economical characters such as fresh weight, the dry weight of lower part and chlorophyll content are significantly better than control.In addition, behind tobacco seedlings transplanting crop field also Seedling stage is also considerably shorter than and compares.

Claims (4)

  1. A 1. Nutrition Soil for growing tobacco two-stages seeding, which is characterized in that the Nutrition Soil by following mass fraction raw material system It is standby to obtain:100 parts of disinfection soil, decomposed 20~50 parts of stalk, special 1~2 part of seed manure;The decomposed stalk is:Decomposed corn Stalk, the one or more in decomposed rice straw;The special seed manure nutrients structure is N:14%~17%, P:7%~ 10%;K:12%~17%, Ca:0.8%~1.8%, Mg:0.4%~0.8%, Cu:0.050%~0.070%, Zn: 0.050%~0.075%, Mo:0.030%~0.050%;The special seed manure is supported middle N elements and is prepared by nitrate nitrogen and ammonium nitrogen It forms, wherein nitrate nitrogen:Ammonium nitrogen is 8:2~6:4.
  2. 2. according to claim 1 one Nutrition Soil for growing tobacco two-stages seeding, it is characterised in that:The Nutrition Soil by with The raw material of lower mass fraction is prepared:100 parts of disinfection soil, decomposed 20~50 parts of stalk, special 1~2 part of seed manure.
  3. 3. according to claim 2 one Nutrition Soil for growing tobacco two-stages seeding, it is characterised in that:The Nutrition Soil by with The raw material of lower mass fraction is prepared:100 parts of disinfection soil, decomposed 25~30 parts of stalk, special 1~2 part of seed manure.
  4. A 4. preparation method for growing tobacco two-stages seeding Nutrition Soil, which is characterized in that including following two preparation method steps:
    Wherein the first preparation method step:
    S1, decomposed stalk:Rice straw is crushed to 3~6cm, and adjusts its water content to 60% or so, per 1000kg stalks HB decomposing microbial inoculum 2kg, each 5kg of urea, wheat bran, calcium superphosphate are added, stalk with each material is uniformly mixed, then plays heap.Heap Wide 1.5m, high 1.6m, and covered tightly with plastic film.Turning 1 time and appropriate moisturizing after banking up 15 days play 35 days composts of heap and terminate. Then the rice straw after will be decomposed is spread out, adjusting water content to 25%~30%, for use.
    S2, soil disinfection:Arable layer Arid Red Soil is chosen, 2mm mesh screens are crossed after air-drying, is poured with 800 times of fenaminosulf dilutions of dilution Through soil earth, sealer sterilize 11 days, then take off film and scatter soil ventilation 4 days, for use.
    S3, special seed manure are prepared:N:15%, P:8%;K:12%, Ca:1.0%, Mg:0.5%, Cu:0.050%, Zn: 0.060%, Mo:0.041%
    S4, nutritive soil preparation:100 parts of disinfection soil, decomposed 25 parts of rice straw, special 1 part of seed manure, by its mixing, sabot.
    Wherein second of preparation method step:
    S1, decomposed corn:By crush maize to 5~7cm, and its water content is adjusted to 60% or so, per the addition of 1000kg stalks Stalk with each material is uniformly mixed, then plays heap by HB decomposing microbial inoculum 1.5kg, each 5kg of urea, wheat bran, calcium superphosphate.Heap is wide 2.0m, high 1.8m, and covered tightly with plastic film.Turning 1 time and appropriate moisturizing after banking up 12 days play 40 days composts of heap and terminate.So Maize straw after afterwards will be decomposed is spread out, adjusting water content to 25%~30%, for use.
    S2, soil disinfection:Plough horizon Arid Red Soil crosses 2mm mesh screens after air-drying, and is poured with 1000 times of carbendazim dilutions of dilution Through soil earth, sealer sterilize 10 days, then take off film and scatter soil ventilation 5 days, for use.
    S3, special seed manure are prepared:N:16%, P:10%;K:15%, Ca:1.2%, Mg:0.6%, Cu:0.060%, Zn: 0.0450%, Mo:0.045%
    S4, nutritive soil preparation:100 parts of disinfection soil, decomposed 50 parts of maize straw, special 1.5 parts of seed manure, by its mixing, sabot.
CN201711274211.4A 2017-12-06 2017-12-06 One Nutrition Soil and preparation method thereof for growing tobacco two-stages seeding Pending CN108056001A (en)

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CN111280017A (en) * 2020-04-10 2020-06-16 湖南省烟草公司长沙市公司宁乡市分公司 Tobacco seedling cultivation nutrient soil, preparation method and application

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CN108575669A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-09-28 云南硕农农业科技有限公司 A kind of plant cigarette of clean environment firendly is lived soil and preparation method thereof
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Application publication date: 20180522