CN108053706A - A kind of electric locomotive maintenance comprehensive training method based on analog simulation - Google Patents

A kind of electric locomotive maintenance comprehensive training method based on analog simulation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108053706A
CN108053706A CN201711262280.3A CN201711262280A CN108053706A CN 108053706 A CN108053706 A CN 108053706A CN 201711262280 A CN201711262280 A CN 201711262280A CN 108053706 A CN108053706 A CN 108053706A
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locomotive
training
simulation
examination
failure
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谢成昆
甘朝友
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Zhuzhou Yixing Technology Co Ltd
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Zhuzhou Yixing Technology Co Ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B9/00Simulators for teaching or training purposes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F30/00Computer-aided design [CAD]
    • G06F30/20Design optimisation, verification or simulation
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B25/00Models for purposes not provided for in G09B23/00, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes
    • G09B25/02Models for purposes not provided for in G09B23/00, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes of industrial processes; of machinery

Abstract

A kind of electric locomotive maintenance comprehensive training method based on analog simulation, it is characterised in that:Using the method for analog simulation, the simulation locomotive fault detection system of electric locomotive and locomotive inspection and repair teaching training system are set up, utilizes the analog simulation teaching comprehensive training for simulating the maintenance of locomotive fault detection system and locomotive inspection and repair teaching training system to student's progress railway electric locomotive.The simulation locomotive fault detection system for setting up electric locomotive is fault characteristic of the analog simulator car according to electric locomotive, analogue simulation recurrence of failure, and shows analogue simulation failure by cutting mode, convenient for carrying out the real training of troubleshooting indoors.

Description

A kind of electric locomotive maintenance comprehensive training method based on analog simulation
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of on-site training teaching methods, refer in particular to a kind of teaching of the maintenance of railway electric locomotive Training Methodology is mainly used for more rapid and better elevator car crew, the breakdown judge of service personnel and processing capacity, is applicable in each Railway Bureau, rail yard check and correction belong to teaching, training method and teaching aid technical field in engineering professional skill training.
Background technology
With the all-round popularization of railway electrification, electric locomotive obtained in the whole country it is universal promote the use of, Especially after our the domestic high ferro technological direction worlds, in electric locomotive operation, repair and the maintenance of electric railway Etc. be badly in need of training the substantial amounts of talent, cultivate a large amount of qualified driver and conductors and service personnel be extremely urgent.However, through toning It grinds, currently for railway syntonic type electric locomotive crew emergency disposal and the skills practice training of service personnel, each Railway Bureau, junior college Universities and colleges, vocational-technical training school, locomotive depot are general lack of system intuitively real training facility, equipment, completely or by traditional Training and Learning is carried out with vehicle or site examining and repairing, training facilities, the equipment for not having systematic training means and modernization, so first The chance of training is very limited, when being only overhaul of the equipments could corresponding training and learning, be second such scene training Instruction can only carry out corresponding training and learning according to the live actual situation occurred, it is impossible to which system comprehensively gives training It practises, thus it is in urgent need to be improved to the breakdown judge and processing capacity of engine drivers in locomotive depot, service personnel.
By patent retrieval do not find have with the patent literature of same technique of the present invention, have certain relation with the present invention Patent mainly have it is following:
1st, Patent No. CN201510191287.5, the patent of invention of entitled " locomotive brake gear is simulated and Training Methodology ", should Patent discloses a kind of locomotive brake gear simulation and Training Methodology, it is intended to by the control mode of existing real vehicle locomotive complexity, pass through Electronic die draws up the action and display similar to real vehicle brake, achievees the purpose that trainee, all phenomena of the failure, row Enter in simulation system, student is made to learn and grasp normal operating, the analysis of failure, judgement and processing method conscientiously.Learning The management archives that student learns archives and teaching process are established in journey at random.
2nd, Patent No. CN201521068137.7, entitled " AC drive diesel locomotive training analog control system " Patent of invention, a kind of AC drive diesel locomotive training analog control system is which disclose, including console assembly (1), electrical control equipment (2), diesel engine analog machine (3), air damping equipment (4), auxiliary power unit (5) and air are auxiliary Equipment (6) is helped, console assembly (1) control electrical control equipment (2) and air damping equipment (4), auxiliary power unit (5) are Diesel engine analog machine (3) and air ancillary equipment (6) power supply, electrical control equipment (2) control diesel engine analog machine (3) and Air ancillary equipment (6);The equipment for employing original locomotive reduces development cost, while can more make close to real locomotive Crew on the spot in person, the shortcomings that overcoming traditional analog pilot instrument in training, engine drivers in locomotive depot is made to be not only able to contact Vehicle major part actual part carries out troubleshooting and is also true that component, and the simulation for improving the driving simulator is true Degree.
3rd, Patent No. CN201510627767.1, entitled " locomotive and orbit monitoring device simulation training system " Patent of invention which disclose a kind of locomotive and orbit monitoring device simulation training system, belong to railway vocational education training field. The system is operated the training test modules that equipment forms by monitoring device analogue simulation training, and independent training topic sets mould Block, monitoring device analogue simulation training operation linking of devices railway forward box real scene video playing module, monitoring device emulation Simulation training operation linking of devices rail yard 3D electronic sand tables synchronization control module composition.The patent solves current engineering system System in terms of engine monitoring apparatus analogue simulation training there are the problem of, flight crew by the operation and practice to the system, It can preferably learn, be familiar with and the various operation techniques and emergency situations in reply practical operation.
4th, Patent No. CN201320200031.2, entitled " simulation training examination device on engine drivers in locomotive depot vehicle " Patent of invention which disclose simulation training examination device on a kind of engine drivers in locomotive depot vehicle, provide one kind and be connected to locomotive Engine drivers in locomotive depot can be carried out on train pipe brake experiment, abnormal condition down train method and the training of LKJ devices and Examination, connection is simple, the teaching equipment that is conveniently operated, including detection device, data processing equipment, executing agency and man-machine right Plate and ground signal device are talked about, crew can pass through daily brake experiment or operation locomotive brake in not trailer row System by the air-bled time to train pipe, is accurately judged to the state of angle cock and the pressurize ability of train pipe, and can root According to the simulation of ground signal, locomotive operation operation is carried out, improves operation level and judgement of the engine drivers in locomotive depot to brake, The operational capability of the abnormal condition down train method of crew is improved, the operational capability of crew LKJ is improved, meets railway machine The demand of business system engine drivers in locomotive depot training
Although these above-mentioned patents are directed to some trainings in relation to locomotive affairs, but by carefully analyzing, still not on Electric locomotive Maintenance and Repair entirety comprehensive system training, all simply Training Methodology and system and device of the independent content of a certain item, These method and devices cannot all be used for the breakdown judge of engine drivers in locomotive depot, service personnel and the training of processing capacity, therefore Still need further to be improved.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to be directed to the breakdown judge of existing engine drivers in locomotive depot, service personnel and processing capacity nursery There are the problem of, propose the teaching comprehensive training method of maintenance of railway electric locomotive a kind of, the inspection of this kind of railway electric locomotive The teaching comprehensive training method repaiied can more rapid and better elevator car crew, the breakdown judge of service personnel and processing energy Power is applicable in each Railway Bureau, rail yard check and correction in engineering professional skill training.
In order to reach this purpose, the present invention provides a kind of electric locomotives based on analog simulation to overhaul comprehensive training side Method, using the method for analog simulation, it is established that the simulation locomotive fault detection system of electric locomotive and locomotive inspection and repair practice teaching System, using simulate locomotive fault detection system and locomotive inspection and repair teaching training system to student carry out railway electric locomotive inspection The analog simulation teaching comprehensive training repaiied.
Further, the simulation locomotive fault detection system for setting up electric locomotive is analog simulator car root According to the fault characteristic of electric locomotive, analogue simulation recurrence of failure, and analogue simulation failure is showed by cutting mode, convenient in room The interior real training for carrying out troubleshooting.
Further, the simulation locomotive fault detection system is that occur in analog simulator car analogue simulation locomotive All kinds of typical fault information, realize that locomotive most common failure reproduces on emulation car.
Further, the simulation locomotive failure includes rising bow failure, co-host break failure, traction is blocked, a certain frame is led Draw block, certain motor traction block, subsidiary loop ground connection, exchange 230V ground connection, control system earth fault, electric braking envelope Lock, voltage is low for control, primary current surpass jump after 50A it is main it is disconnected, parking brake does not apply, parking brake is not alleviated, emergency braking not Alleviate, emergency braking does not apply and train pipe does not fill wind.
Further, the rising bow failure includes danger button action, rising bow indigo plant key not to upper, pantograph wind path Cock is closed, control loop wind pressure deficiency;
The co-host break failure includes without net pressure, the closing of control air cylinder cock, cloth conspicuous protection, pressure release guard, low pressure Air switch disconnects on cabinet;
The traction block includes parking brake application, BCU tractions block, total wind pressure is less than 500Kpa, the main device that breaks breaks It opens, all bogie air dampings isolation;
The a certain frame traction block includes current transformer excision, current transformer temperature protection, current transformer hydraulic pressure are protected, it is inverse to aid in Become device isolation, traction electric machine isolation, traction wind turbine isolation;
Certain the motor traction block includes motor isolation, traction wind turbine isolation;The subsidiary loop ground connection includes There is auxiliary transformer to be grounded, load equipment ground connection, earthing detection relay are bad on subsidiary loop 1/2;
Described exchange 230V ground connection includes that earthing detection relay is bad, exchange 230V loop load equipment grounds;
The control system earth fault includes bad earthing detection relay, 110V loop loads equipment or cable ground connection;
The electric braking block includes main circuit breaker disconnection, locomotive speed>Brake-cylinder pressure is more than 40Kpa during 5Km/h;
Low locomotive storage batteries damage, locomotive storage batteries power shortage, the charge switch of including of the control voltage be not in " normal position ";
Main break of jump includes the virtual connection of reflux ground pin, major loop ground after the primary current surpasses 50A;
The parking brake do not apply include parking brake cock excision park apply button it is bad;
The parking brake, which is not alleviated, includes the excision of parking brake cock, the disconnection of parking brake power supply, parking brake alleviation Button is bad;
The emergency braking do not alleviate include danger button action, BCU outputs are urgent, monitoring output is urgent;
The emergency braking, which does not apply, includes that danger button is bad, the excision of emergency braking cock, monitoring control for brake switch are cut It removes;
The train pipe does not fill wind and includes bad danger button, the excision of emergency braking cock, monitoring excision.
Further, the locomotive inspection and repair teaching training system includes tutoring system, examination system, examination pool, religion System, examination system, examination pool are stored entirely in the computer of System Control Center, and with simulating locomotive fault detect System support imparts knowledge to students to student and is taken an examination.
Further, the tutoring system, examination system, examination pool include locomotive using training on operation and examination, Structure of locomotive, operating principle training and examination and common troubleshooting training and examination.
Further, the locomotive is using operation manual, in emulation car according to locomotive using training on operation and examination Practical operation is carried out, during examination, the operation order according to operator and the order of standard are subjected to comparison marking;
Structure of locomotive, operating principle training and examination are structures according to locomotive, to EEF bogie, car body, roof, trailer system, Braking system etc., the training integraded theory with practice, system are provided with exam pool(Exam pool may be updated), to the knot of locomotive Structure, operation principle, member principle, regular maintenance etc. are examined;
Common troubleshooting training and examination are according to simulation locomotive fault detection system, and physical fault is set on emulation car, Mode and time according to solving the problems, such as examine operator.
Further, the tutoring system be by analogue simulation locomotive as reference, on analogue simulation locomotive again Existing stored various failures, simulation on-the-spot teaching is carried out using failure is reproduced.
Further, hardware body of the analogue simulation locomotive as the system, emulation car are designed using formula of splitting, It emulates locomotive car body and retains 1/3 original shape, 2/3 implementation is half-sectional transparent;It can intuitively see intra-locomotive structure by splitting structure; Such as roof high voltage device, low-voltage electrical apparatus and ancillary apparatus, air pipe line and braking system, convenient for student to the inside of locomotive Structure, mounting means etc. have more deep understanding.
The advantage of the invention is that:
The present invention is by way of analog simulation and recurrence of failure, with an emulation locomotive, and realizes failure on emulation locomotive It reproduces, has really degree high to carry out the training and teaching at simulation scene to student with this, can concentrate various recurrence of failure, Advantageously account for many problems in current on-the-spot teaching;Mainly there are following some advantages:
1st, the various fault simulations that are likely to occur can be reproduced on an emulation locomotive, convenient for student fully understand it is various can The failure problems that can occur grasp the various fault conditions of locomotive comprehensively;
2nd, the emulation car designed by splitting formula, can intuitively see intra-locomotive structure, such as roof high voltage device, low tension Device and ancillary apparatus, air pipe line and braking system etc. have more internal structure, mounting means of locomotive etc. convenient for student Deep understanding;
3rd, emulation locomotive is arranged on Classroom, convenient for carrying out the real training of troubleshooting indoors;
4th, training system is designed with tutoring system, examination system, examination pool etc., and teacher can be facilitated to be imparted knowledge to students and examined, done The connection between theory and practice is arrived.
The service object of whole system is divided into following four classes:
Teams and groups:Main use cost is low, the Practical training equipment of the intelligence software control of miniaturization.By locomotive inspection and repair technique, locomotive is normal See in fault-injection Practical training equipment, live employee is giveed training and checked and rated.
Locomotive depot:Using big component experience system and locomotive failure simulation training system, to improve the practical operation of service personnel Ability and driver and conductor quickly have found the ability of failure and emergency processing failure.
Vocational training for the workers and staff base:Using big component experience system and locomotive failure simulation training system, real training is carried out to student And examination.
Railway universities and colleges:Comprehensive training system is overhauled using electric locomotive, real training and examination and net are carried out to student Network is imparted knowledge to students.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a system block diagram of the invention.
Specific embodiment
It is next in the following with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments that the present invention is further explained.
Embodiment one
By attached drawing 1 as can be seen that the present invention relates to a kind of electric locomotives based on analog simulation to overhaul comprehensive training method, adopt With the method for analog simulation, it is established that the simulation locomotive fault detection system of electric locomotive and locomotive inspection and repair teaching training system, Utilize the maintenance for simulating locomotive fault detection system and locomotive inspection and repair teaching training system and being carried out to student railway electric locomotive Analog simulation teaching comprehensive training.In training venue, it is established that with analog simulation electric locomotive 1 be core, including various kinds of vehicles System 2, and simulation locomotive fault detection system and locomotive inspection and repair practice teaching are set up by the training platform 3 related with system System.Analog simulation electric locomotive is included with lower part:
1st, drivers' cab:It is configured using real drivers' cab, including console, side wall arrangement, air-conditioning, front window, rear wall, signalling arrangement Arrangement etc.;
2nd, between machinery:Using being arranged symmetrically on locomotive, emulation car design is in kind using 1 set, charges including traction wind turbine, accumulator Cabinet, low-voltage electrical cabinet, toilet, ballast iron, II braking systems of CCB, cab radio, signal cabinet, auxiliary transformation Cabinet, Tool Cabinet, cooling tower, main convertor, onboard wireless communication apparatus(A vehicle OCU and CPM equipment, B vehicle CIR equipment)Model;
3rd, vent external:Mainly include car body, foot-operated and handrail, hitch, pilot, rear end identification light, wherein car body is used and cutd open Open type, i.e., 2/3 does not seal, and is designed to railing, can understand and intuitively see intra-locomotive arrangement.Other are using in kind;
4th, locomotive lower part:Include bogie 1/2(Include framework, braking system, transmission device, transverse damper, stop, Secondary suspension, antenna, auxiliary device, pipeline etc.), main transformer, accumulator tank, soft air duct, monitoring system, left and right external electrical Source, filter, wherein using 1 bogie model, other parts are using in kind;
5th, roof apparatus:By high and low sound loudspeaker, pantograph, roof disconnecting switch, roof high-tension connector, 25kV insulators, vehicle Push up wall bushing, high-voltage circuitbreaker(Including earthing switch), arrester, high-voltage mutual inductor, air grid, antenna;All using 1 Set is in kind, 1 set of model.
Analog simulation electric locomotive simultaneously has collected all kinds of typical fault information of locomotive appearance, and is realized on emulation car Locomotive most common failure reproduces, convenient for carrying out the real training of troubleshooting indoors.
The simulation locomotive fault detection system for setting up electric locomotive is analog simulator car according to electric power machine The fault characteristic of vehicle, analogue simulation recurrence of failure, and analogue simulation failure is showed by cutting mode, convenient for carrying out event indoors Hinder the real training of processing.
The simulation locomotive fault detection system is each special dictionary occurred in analog simulator car analogue simulation locomotive Type fault message realizes that locomotive most common failure reproduces on emulation car.
The simulation locomotive failure includes rising bow failure, co-host break failure, traction is blocked, the traction of a certain frame is blocked, certain Platform motor traction block, subsidiary loop ground connection, exchange 230V ground connection, the block of control system earth fault, electric braking, control voltage Low, primary current surpass jump after 50A it is main it is disconnected, parking brake does not apply, parking brake is not alleviated, emergency braking is not alleviated, promptly makes Dynamic do not apply does not fill wind with train pipe.
The rising bow failure includes danger button action, rising bow indigo plant key is not closed to upper, pantograph wind path cock, Control loop wind pressure deficiency;Wherein:
The co-host break failure includes without net pressure, the closing of control air cylinder cock, cloth conspicuous protection, pressure release guard, low pressure Air switch disconnects on cabinet;
The traction block includes parking brake application, BCU tractions block, total wind pressure is less than 500Kpa, the main device that breaks breaks It opens, all bogie air dampings isolation;
The a certain frame traction block includes current transformer excision, current transformer temperature protection, current transformer hydraulic pressure are protected, it is inverse to aid in Become device isolation, traction electric machine isolation, traction wind turbine isolation;
Certain the motor traction block includes motor isolation, traction wind turbine isolation;The subsidiary loop ground connection includes There is auxiliary transformer to be grounded, load equipment ground connection, earthing detection relay are bad on subsidiary loop 1/2;
Described exchange 230V ground connection includes that earthing detection relay is bad, exchange 230V loop load equipment grounds;
The control system earth fault includes bad earthing detection relay, 110V loop loads equipment or cable ground connection;
The electric braking block includes main circuit breaker disconnection, locomotive speed>Brake-cylinder pressure is more than 40Kpa during 5Km/h;
Low locomotive storage batteries damage, locomotive storage batteries power shortage, the charge switch of including of the control voltage be not in " normal position ";
Main break of jump includes the virtual connection of reflux ground pin, major loop ground after the primary current surpasses 50A;
The parking brake do not apply include parking brake cock excision park apply button it is bad;
The parking brake, which is not alleviated, includes the excision of parking brake cock, the disconnection of parking brake power supply, parking brake alleviation Button is bad;
The emergency braking do not alleviate include danger button action, BCU outputs are urgent, monitoring output is urgent;
The emergency braking, which does not apply, includes that danger button is bad, the excision of emergency braking cock, monitoring control for brake switch are cut It removes;
The train pipe does not fill wind and includes bad danger button, the excision of emergency braking cock, monitoring excision.
The locomotive inspection and repair teaching training system includes tutoring system, examination system, examination pool, and tutoring system is examined Test system, examination pool are stored entirely in the computer of System Control Center, and mating with simulation locomotive fault detection system, It is imparted knowledge to students and is taken an examination to student.
The tutoring system, examination system, examination pool include locomotive using training on operation and examination, structure of locomotive, Operating principle training and examination and common troubleshooting training and examination.
The locomotive is to carry out actual behaviour in emulation car using operation manual according to locomotive using training on operation and examination Make, during examination, the operation order according to operator and the order of standard are subjected to comparison marking;
Structure of locomotive, operating principle training and examination are structures according to locomotive, to EEF bogie, car body, roof, trailer system, Braking system etc., the training integraded theory with practice, system are provided with exam pool(Exam pool may be updated), to the knot of locomotive Structure, operation principle, member principle, regular maintenance etc. are examined;
Common troubleshooting training and examination are according to simulation locomotive fault detection system, and physical fault is set on emulation car, Mode and time according to solving the problems, such as examine operator.
The tutoring system be by analogue simulation locomotive as reference, reproduced on analogue simulation locomotive stored Various failures carry out simulation on-the-spot teaching using failure is reproduced.
Hardware body of the analogue simulation locomotive as the system, emulation car emulate locomotive using formula design is splitted Car body retains 1/3 original shape, and 2/3 implementation is half-sectional transparent;It can intuitively see HXD1 intra-locomotive structures, such as roof high voltage Device, low-voltage electrical apparatus and ancillary apparatus, air pipe line and braking system etc., convenient for internal structure of the student to locomotive, installation side Formula etc. has more deep understanding.
The technical parameter of the analogue simulation locomotive is as follows:
1st, the installation of energy simulator service motor supply shop is standby(Such as LKJ devices, 6A systems, LBJ train protection warning devices).
2nd, can on hardware and display screen simultaneously true reappearance locomotive simulated failure.
3rd, the locomotive failure information being collected at present mainly have electric information, it is mechanical, braking class, up to hundreds of.It is related to The comparison typical fault of crew's emergency disposal can be realized substantially, and the also scalable update of database.
4th, system has semi-intelligent adjudicatory function, and energy objective judgement substantially is by the ability of examination person.
5th, examination system can carry out practical operation skills tests by training standard requirement to real training personnel.
6th, emulate locomotive car body and retain 1/3 original shape, 2/3 implementation is half-sectional transparent.
7th, the ratio of emulation locomotive is:1:1.
8th, demand three-dimensional dimension in place is:Length × width × height 50000 × 20000 × 9000(mm)
Above-mentioned listed embodiment, simply carries out technical scheme clear, complete description with reference to attached drawing;Obviously, institute The embodiment of description is only the part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the implementation in the present invention Example, all other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained without making creative work belong to The scope of protection of the invention.
The advantage of the invention is that:
The present invention is by way of analog simulation and recurrence of failure, with an emulation locomotive, and realizes failure on emulation locomotive It reproduces, has really degree high to carry out the training and teaching at simulation scene to student with this, can concentrate various recurrence of failure, Advantageously account for many problems in current on-the-spot teaching;Mainly there are following some advantages:
1st, the various fault simulations that are likely to occur can be reproduced on an emulation locomotive, convenient for student fully understand it is various can The failure problems that can occur grasp the various fault conditions of locomotive comprehensively;
2nd, the emulation car designed by splitting formula, can intuitively see intra-locomotive structure, such as roof high voltage device, low tension Device and ancillary apparatus, air pipe line and braking system etc. have more internal structure, mounting means of locomotive etc. convenient for student Deep understanding;
3rd, emulation locomotive is arranged on Classroom, convenient for carrying out the real training of troubleshooting indoors;
4th, training system is designed with tutoring system, examination system, examination pool etc., and teacher can be facilitated to be imparted knowledge to students and examined, done The connection between theory and practice is arrived.
The service object of whole system is divided into following four classes:
Teams and groups:Main use cost is low, the Practical training equipment of the intelligence software control of miniaturization.By locomotive inspection and repair technique, locomotive is normal See in fault-injection Practical training equipment, live employee is giveed training and checked and rated.
Locomotive depot:Using big component experience system and locomotive failure simulation training system, to improve the practical operation of service personnel Ability and driver and conductor quickly have found the ability of failure and emergency processing failure.
Vocational training for the workers and staff base:Using big component experience system and locomotive failure simulation training system, real training is carried out to student And examination.
Railway universities and colleges:Comprehensive training system is overhauled using electric locomotive, real training and examination and net are carried out to student Network is imparted knowledge to students.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. electric locomotive maintenance comprehensive training method based on analog simulation, it is characterised in that:Using the side of analog simulation Method, it is established that the simulation locomotive fault detection system of electric locomotive and locomotive inspection and repair teaching training system, it is former using locomotive is simulated The analog simulation teaching for hindering the maintenance that detecting system and locomotive inspection and repair teaching training system carry out student railway electric locomotive is comprehensive Close training.
  2. 2. the electric locomotive maintenance comprehensive training method based on analog simulation as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute It is that analog simulator car is special according to the failure of electric locomotive that states, which sets up the simulation locomotive fault detection system of electric locomotive, Point, analogue simulation recurrence of failure, and analogue simulation failure is showed by cutting mode, convenient for carrying out the reality of troubleshooting indoors Instruction.
  3. 3. the electric locomotive maintenance comprehensive training method based on analog simulation as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is described Simulation locomotive fault detection system be analog simulator car analogue simulation locomotive occur all kinds of typical fault information, Realize that locomotive most common failure reproduces on emulation car.
  4. 4. the electric locomotive maintenance comprehensive training method based on analog simulation as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:It is described Simulation locomotive failure include rising bow failure, co-host break failure, traction block, a certain frame traction block, certain motor traction envelope Lock, subsidiary loop are grounded, exchange 230V ground connection, control system earth fault, electric braking block, control voltage is low, primary current Jump master is disconnected after super 50A, parking brake does not apply, parking brake is not alleviated, emergency braking is not alleviated, emergency braking does not apply and arranges Vehicle pipe does not fill wind.
  5. 5. the electric locomotive maintenance comprehensive training method based on analog simulation as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:It is described Rising bow failure include danger button action, rising bow indigo plant key is not closed to upper, pantograph wind path cock, control loop wind pressure Deficiency;
    The co-host break failure includes without net pressure, the closing of control air cylinder cock, cloth conspicuous protection, pressure release guard, low pressure Air switch disconnects on cabinet;
    The traction block includes parking brake application, BCU tractions block, total wind pressure is less than 500Kpa, the main device that breaks breaks It opens, all bogie air dampings isolation;
    The a certain frame traction block includes current transformer excision, current transformer temperature protection, current transformer hydraulic pressure are protected, it is inverse to aid in Become device isolation, traction electric machine isolation, traction wind turbine isolation;
    Certain the motor traction block includes motor isolation, traction wind turbine isolation;The subsidiary loop ground connection includes There is auxiliary transformer to be grounded, load equipment ground connection, earthing detection relay are bad on subsidiary loop 1/2;
    Described exchange 230V ground connection includes that earthing detection relay is bad, exchange 230V loop load equipment grounds;
    The control system earth fault includes bad earthing detection relay, 110V loop loads equipment or cable ground connection;
    The electric braking block includes main circuit breaker disconnection, locomotive speed>Brake-cylinder pressure is more than 40Kpa during 5Km/h;
    Low locomotive storage batteries damage, locomotive storage batteries power shortage, the charge switch of including of the control voltage be not in " normal position ";
    Main break of jump includes the virtual connection of reflux ground pin, major loop ground after the primary current surpasses 50A;
    The parking brake do not apply include parking brake cock excision park apply button it is bad;
    The parking brake, which is not alleviated, includes the excision of parking brake cock, the disconnection of parking brake power supply, parking brake alleviation Button is bad;
    The emergency braking do not alleviate include danger button action, BCU outputs are urgent, monitoring output is urgent;
    The emergency braking, which does not apply, includes that danger button is bad, the excision of emergency braking cock, monitoring control for brake switch are cut It removes;
    The train pipe does not fill wind and includes bad danger button, the excision of emergency braking cock, monitoring excision.
  6. 6. the electric locomotive maintenance comprehensive training method based on analog simulation as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is described Locomotive inspection and repair teaching training system include tutoring system, examination system, examination pool, tutoring system, examination system, examination Exam pool is stored entirely in the computer of System Control Center, and mating with simulation locomotive fault detection system, and student is carried out Teaching and examination.
  7. 7. the electric locomotive maintenance comprehensive training method based on analog simulation as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that:It is described Tutoring system, examination system, examination pool include locomotive use training on operation and examination, structure of locomotive, operating principle training And examination and common troubleshooting training and examination.
  8. 8. the electric locomotive maintenance comprehensive training method based on analog simulation as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that:It is described Locomotive the use of training on operation and examination is using operation manual according to locomotive, carry out practical operation in emulation car, will during examination Comparison marking is carried out according to the order of the operation order of operator and standard;
    Structure of locomotive, operating principle training and examination are structures according to locomotive, to EEF bogie, car body, roof, trailer system, Braking system etc., the training integraded theory with practice, system are provided with exam pool(Exam pool may be updated), to the knot of locomotive Structure, operation principle, member principle, regular maintenance etc. are examined;
    Common troubleshooting training and examination are according to simulation locomotive fault detection system, and physical fault is set on emulation car, Mode and time according to solving the problems, such as examine operator.
  9. 9. the electric locomotive maintenance comprehensive training method based on analog simulation as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that:It is described Tutoring system be by analogue simulation locomotive as reference, stored various failures, profit are reproduced on analogue simulation locomotive Simulation on-the-spot teaching is carried out with reproduction failure.
  10. 10. the electric locomotive maintenance comprehensive training method based on analog simulation as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute Hardware body of the analogue simulation locomotive stated as the system, emulation car retain 1/3 using formula design, emulation locomotive car body is splitted Original shape, 2/3 implementation are half-sectional transparent;It can intuitively see intra-locomotive structure by splitting structure.
CN201711262280.3A 2017-12-04 2017-12-04 A kind of electric locomotive maintenance comprehensive training method based on analog simulation Pending CN108053706A (en)

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CN109243236A (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-01-18 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 A kind of bogie maintenance training system and its Training Methodology based on analog simulation
CN109461341A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-03-12 株洲壹星科技股份有限公司 A kind of practical training method of rolling stock brake comprehensive training teaching

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Application publication date: 20180518