CN108046679A - Light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials preparation process - Google Patents

Light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials preparation process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108046679A
CN108046679A CN201711247286.3A CN201711247286A CN108046679A CN 108046679 A CN108046679 A CN 108046679A CN 201711247286 A CN201711247286 A CN 201711247286A CN 108046679 A CN108046679 A CN 108046679A
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parts
powder
building materials
expanded perlite
light environment
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马宏
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Jieshou City Sen Wei Thermal Insulation Building Materials Co Ltd
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Jieshou City Sen Wei Thermal Insulation Building Materials Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00017Aspects relating to the protection of the environment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/28Fire resistance, i.e. materials resistant to accidental fires or high temperatures
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/34Non-shrinking or non-cracking materials
    • C04B2111/343Crack resistant materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/40Porous or lightweight materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/20Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the density
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/30Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for heat transfer properties such as thermal insulation values, e.g. R-values
    • C04B2201/32Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for heat transfer properties such as thermal insulation values, e.g. R-values for the thermal conductivity, e.g. K-factors
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength

Abstract

Light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials, are related to heat preservation construction material production and processing technical field, and the component including following mass fraction is prepared:60 80 parts of modified expanded perlite, 20 35 parts of cement, 20 28 parts of water, 10 16 parts of straw powder, 8 12 parts of blast furnace slag, 5 10 parts of sodium tripolyphosphate, 25 parts of calcium stearate, 5 10 parts of additive, 0.5 1 parts of polypropylene fibre, 15 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, 35 parts of hydroxylapatite powder, 23 parts of calcium formate.Expanded perlite thermal-nsulation plate fire protecting performance prepared by the present invention is superior; it is light, intensity is high, thermal conductivity factor is low; it is good with the adhesive layer and cracking resistance protective layer compatibility of heat-insulation system; integral processing is simple; convenient, significant effect can reduce processing cost; production capacity is promoted, reaches the high-quality requirement of environmental protection.

Description

Light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials preparation process
Technical field:
The present invention relates to heat preservation construction materials to produce and process technical field, and in particular to a kind of light environment-friendly energy-saving fire-proof and water-proof is protected Warm building materials preparation process.
Background technology:
Thermal insulation material generally refers to the material that thermal conductivity factor is less than or equal to 0.12.Thermal insulation material have developed rapidly, in industry With in building use good heat preservation technology and material, can often play a multiplier effect.
Traditional heat preserving and insulating material is to improve gas phase voidage, is reduced based on thermal conductivity factor and the coefficient of conductivity.Fiber In use environment convection current heat transfer and radiant heat transfer will raise class thermal insulation material, it is necessary to have thicker coating;And section bar class Inorganic heat insulation material will carry out assembling construction, there are seam it is more, damage the defects of beautiful, water proofing property is poor, service life is short.For This, people are seeking always with studying a kind of new material that can greatly improve thermal insulation material heat insulating reflecting performance.By material into Part classification:1st, organic heat-insulating heat-preserving material, 2, inorganic heat-insulating material, 3, metal class heat-insulating heat-preserving material;By material shape Classification:1st, loose heat-insulating heat-preserving material, 2, plate heat-insulating heat-preserving material, 3, integral heat insulation heat-barrier material;In inorganic heat insulation material For expanded perlite with its excellent fire retardancy energy, the advantages such as environmentally safe are just progressively becoming the head of inorganic external wall thermal-insulation material Choosing.
Expanded perlite as a kind of nonmetallic mineral material, be widely used in building, metallurgy, oil, chemical industry, light industry, The fields such as electric power, transport and agricultural.Expanded perlite is just widely used in the light bone material of external wall insulation.But due to each Kind reason, the application of expanded perlite thermal-nsulation plate also suffer from some limitations.
The content of the invention:
The invention reside in provide a kind of quality of light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials so that light environment-friendly energy-saving Fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials are more energy saving during processing, while so that light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials are whole The processing technology that body performance is utmostly played.
Light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials, the component including following mass fraction are prepared:It is modified expanded 60-80 parts of perlite, 20-35 parts of cement, 20-28 parts of water, 10-16 parts of straw powder, 8-12 parts of blast furnace slag, sodium tripolyphosphate 5-10 Part, 2-5 parts of calcium stearate, 5-10 parts of additive, 0.5-1 parts of polypropylene fibre, 1-5 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, hydroxylapatite powder 3-5 Part, 2-3 parts of calcium formate.
The preferred embodiment of said components is:65-75 parts of modified expanded perlite, 25-30 parts of cement, 22-26 parts of water, straw 12-14 parts of stalk powder, 8-10 parts of blast furnace slag, 6-9 parts of sodium tripolyphosphate, 3-4 parts of calcium stearate, 6-8 parts of additive, polypropylene fibre 0.5-0.8 parts, 2-4 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, 3-5 parts of hydroxylapatite powder, 2-3 parts of calcium formate;
The optimum proportion scheme of said components is:70 parts of modified expanded perlite, 28 parts of cement, 25 parts of water, straw powder 13 Part, 9 parts of blast furnace slag, 8 parts of sodium tripolyphosphate, 3.5 parts of calcium stearate, 7 parts of additive, 0.6 part of polypropylene fibre, 3 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, 4 parts of hydroxylapatite powder, 3 parts of calcium formate;
Expanded perlite wherein in said components is needed before use by modification:Specifically method of modifying is:
(1) perlite is preheated, perlite is preheated 10-15 minutes using 300-400 DEG C of temperature during preheating;
(2) perlite is directly heated, is heated to 1000-1300 DEG C of progress expanding treatment, makes perlite volume swollen Swollen 10-15 times, obtain expanded perlite;
(3) treat expanded perlite Temperature fall, when temperature is down to 100-200 DEG C, it is precious that expansion is sprayed to expanded perlite The methyltriethoxysilane of pearl rock total weight 8-15%;
(4) continue to be cooled to room temperature after the completion of spraying, then cross 20-30 mesh sieves to get modified expanded perlite.
Same above-mentioned blast furnace slag passes through modification before use:Specifically processing method is:
(1) 10-15 parts of blast furnace slags of mass fraction, 3-8 parts of inorganic bonding agents, 8-12 parts of water mixing are taken, and are stirred evenly;
(2) material stirred evenly is put into microwave equipment, with the condition microwave treatment 10- of microwave frequency 50-55GHz 15S;
(3) raw material after microwave treatment is entered in reaction kettle, stirred, then add in 0.5-0.6 parts of binding agents and 2-5 parts of silicon After diatomaceous earth crushing, stirring be warming up to 60-90 DEG C, be sealed 3-4 it is small when after both.
Above-mentioned straw powder is needed before use by processing, and when processing takes the wheat flour of 1/3 amount of straw powder quality, with stalk Powder is uniformly mixed, and the mica powder for then adding 1/4 amount of straw powder quality is uniformly mixed again, then enter in microwave equipment with After the frequency microwave processing 3-5S of 30-35GHz both;
The fineness of above-mentioned blast furnace slag be 20% (R45), loss on ignition 8%, sulfur trioxide content 2%.
The additive includes:Foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and bonding agent;Wherein foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant Mass ratio with bonding agent is 1:2:2:1;
Before use by pretreatment, specific preprocess method is the hydroxylapatite powder:
(1) hydroxylapatite powder of 10-15 mass parts is taken, 110 DEG C are warming up to it, then adds in 2-3 parts of quick limes, At the uniform velocity stir evenly;
(2) salt of 1-1.5 parts of mass fraction is taken, is added thereto after its thawing, 2-5 parts of diatomite is added in, after grinding It crosses after 300-400 mesh screens and both obtained;
It is above-mentioned that paste is formed after water is run by salt, diatomite and the processed hydroxylapatite powder of quick lime, and Increase the gap after raw material shaping after being combined with modified expanded perlite, the lighting for promoting material is horizontal;
The procedure of processing of light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials, specific method are prepared using above-mentioned raw materials ingredient For:
1) 5- will be stirred in modified expanded perlite, cement input mixing and blending machine under the stirring of 1500-2000rpm rotating speeds 30min;
2) rotating speed is adjusted to 1200-1500rpm rotating speeds, straw powder, blast furnace slag, tripolyphosphate is put into mixing and blending machine Sodium, calcium stearate, additive stir 5-30min;
3) after the completion of stirring, rotating speed is adjusted to 1500-1700rpm, input polypropylene fibre, powder of lacquer putty for use on, hydroxyapatite Powder, calcium formate and water, cement slurry is made in stirring 5-30min in mixing and blending machine;
4) cement slurry is added in blender and stirred evenly, after enter microwave frequency to handle under conditions of 100-110GHz Then 5-8min enters and stands 1-2h under isoperibol;
5) slurry finally is poured into continuous pressing mold in mold to be molded;
6) heating curing through being vented, suppress, after pressurize makes mixture reach dense state, the demoulding obtain blank;
7) blank obtained by step 6) is conserved, rear drying to blank moisture is less than 1%, so far expanded perlite Prepared by thermal insulation board completes.
Equipment used in continuous mould pressing shaping is hydraulic press in step (5), and the pressure of hydraulic press is 50t;
Heat-cured temperature is 55-75 DEG C in step (5), time 5-8h.
Microwave step wherein in step 4) can cause the moisture content of cement slurry to reduce, the synergistic effect between each component More preferably, cement slurry can be made to form micropore during moisture is precipitated, so as to play the effect of lightweight;
The relatively common thermal insulation board of light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials being prepared into using the above method has bright Aobvious advantage is promoted apparent in following performance after testing:
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1st, fire protecting performance is superior.Light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials of the present invention mainly use inorganic non-ignitable Material can effectively improve the fire protecting performance of thermal insulation board, and the combustibility of modified expanded perlite insulation board of the present invention is up to A1 Grade.
2nd, it is light, intensity is high, thermal conductivity factor is low.Light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials of the present invention are made using cement For major gelled material, while PP fibers, blast furnace slag, straw powder, calcium stearate are mixed outside, the intensity of cementitious material can be improved, made Thermal insulation material ensureing resistance to compression, substantially reducing dry density on the basis of flexural strength, and plate is made to have higher intensity and relatively low Thermal conductivity factor, so as to ensure that heat preservation plate material and system have good heat-insulating property.
3rd, it is good with the adhesive layer of heat-insulation system and cracking resistance protective layer compatibility.Since light environment-friendly energy-saving of the present invention fire prevention is anti- Water heat preservation construction material as main cementitious material, not using sodium silicate and is contained sodium silicate or contains chlorine using high-mark cement Ionic cement additive ensure that system compatibility is good, and phenomena such as hollowing cracks will not occur, can be with the building same service life.
4th, integral processing is simple, convenient, and significant effect can reduce processing cost, promote production capacity, reaches environmentally friendly high The requirement of matter.
Specific embodiment:
In order to be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, tie below Specific example is closed, the present invention is further explained.
Embodiment 1:
Light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials, the component including following mass fraction are prepared:It is modified expanded 60 parts of perlite, 20 parts of cement, 10 parts of straw powder, 8 parts of blast furnace slag, 5 parts of sodium tripolyphosphate, 2 parts of calcium stearate, add 20 parts of water Add 5 parts of agent, 0.5 part of polypropylene fibre, 1 part of powder of lacquer putty for use on, 3 parts of hydroxylapatite powder, 2 parts of calcium formate.
Expanded perlite wherein in said components is needed before use by modification:Specifically method of modifying is:
(1) perlite is preheated, perlite is preheated 10 minutes using 300 DEG C of temperature during preheating;
(2) perlite is directly heated, is heated to 1000 DEG C of progress expanding treatments, makes perlite volume expansion 10- 15 times, obtain expanded perlite;
(3) treat expanded perlite Temperature fall, when temperature is down to 100 DEG C, expanded perlite is sprayed to expanded perlite The methyltriethoxysilane of total weight 8%;
(4) continue to be cooled to room temperature after the completion of spraying, then cross 20 mesh sieves to get modified expanded perlite.
Same above-mentioned blast furnace slag passes through modification before use:Specifically processing method is:
(1) 10 parts of blast furnace slags of mass fraction, 3 parts of inorganic bonding agents, 8 parts of water mixing are taken, and are stirred evenly;
(2) material stirred evenly is put into microwave equipment, with the condition microwave treatment 10S of microwave frequency 50GHz;
(3) raw material after microwave treatment is entered in reaction kettle, stirred, then add in 0.5 part of binding agent and 2-5 parts of diatomite Be warming up to 60 DEG C after crushing, stirring, be sealed 3 it is small when after both.
Straw powder is needed before use by processing, and when processing takes the wheat flour of 1/3 amount of straw powder quality, is mixed with straw powder It closes uniformly, the mica powder for then adding 1/4 amount of straw powder quality is uniformly mixed again, is then entered in microwave equipment with 30GHz Frequency microwave processing 3-5S after both;
Additive includes:Foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and bonding agent;Wherein foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and viscous The mass ratio for connecing agent is 1:2:2:1;
Before use by pretreatment, specific preprocess method is hydroxylapatite powder:
(1) hydroxylapatite powder of 10 mass parts is taken, 110 DEG C are warming up to it, 2 parts of quick limes is then added in, at the uniform velocity stirs It mixes uniformly;
(2) salt of 1 part of mass fraction is taken, is added thereto after its thawing, adds in 2 parts of diatomite, 300 mesh are crossed after grinding After sieve both;
Utilization more than material composition prepares the procedure of processing of light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials, specific method For:
1) 5min will be stirred in modified expanded perlite, cement input mixing and blending machine under the stirring of 1500rpm rotating speeds;
2) rotating speed is adjusted to 1200rpm rotating speeds, straw powder, blast furnace slag, sodium tripolyphosphate, hard is put into mixing and blending machine Resin acid calcium, additive stir 5min;
3) after the completion of stirring, rotating speed is adjusted to 1500rpm, input polypropylene fibre, powder of lacquer putty for use on, hydroxylapatite powder, first Sour calcium and water, cement slurry is made in stirring 5min in mixing and blending machine;
4) cement slurry is added in blender and stirred evenly, after enter microwave frequency to handle under conditions of 100GHz Then 5min enters and stands 1h under isoperibol;
5) slurry finally is poured into continuous pressing mold in mold to be molded;
6) heating curing through being vented, suppress, after pressurize makes mixture reach dense state, the demoulding obtain blank;
7) blank obtained by step 6) is conserved, rear drying to blank moisture is less than 1%, so far expanded perlite Prepared by thermal insulation board completes.
Equipment used in continuous mould pressing shaping is hydraulic press in step (5), and the pressure of hydraulic press is 50t;
Heat-cured temperature is 55 DEG C in step (5), time 5h.
Embodiment 2:
Light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials, the component including following mass fraction are prepared:It is modified expanded 70 parts of perlite, 28 parts of cement, 25 parts of water, 13 parts of straw powder, 9 parts of blast furnace slag, 8 parts of sodium tripolyphosphate, 3.5 parts of calcium stearate, 7 parts of additive, 0.6 part of polypropylene fibre, 3 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, 4 parts of hydroxylapatite powder, 3 parts of calcium formate;
Expanded perlite wherein in said components is needed before use by modification:Specifically method of modifying is:
(1) perlite is preheated, perlite is preheated 13 minutes using 350 DEG C of temperature during preheating;
(2) perlite is directly heated, is heated to 1200 DEG C of progress expanding treatments, makes perlite volume expansion 13 Times, obtain expanded perlite;
(3) treat expanded perlite Temperature fall, when temperature is down to 150 DEG C, expanded perlite is sprayed to expanded perlite The methyltriethoxysilane of total weight 10%;
(4) continue to be cooled to room temperature after the completion of spraying, then cross 20 mesh sieves to get modified expanded perlite.
Same above-mentioned blast furnace slag passes through modification before use:Specifically processing method is:
(1) 13 parts of blast furnace slags of mass fraction, 5 parts of inorganic bonding agents, 10 parts of water mixing are taken, and are stirred evenly;
(2) material stirred evenly is put into microwave equipment, with the condition microwave treatment 13S of microwave frequency 50GHz;
(3) raw material after microwave treatment is entered in reaction kettle, stirred, then add in 0.5 part of binding agent and 4 parts of diatomites in powder Be warming up to 75 DEG C after broken stirring, be sealed 3.5 it is small when after both.
Above-mentioned straw powder is needed before use by processing, and when processing takes the wheat flour of 1/3 amount of straw powder quality, with stalk Powder is uniformly mixed, and the mica powder for then adding 1/4 amount of straw powder quality is uniformly mixed again, then enter in microwave equipment with After the frequency microwave processing 4S of 35GHz both;
Additive includes:Foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and bonding agent;Wherein foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and viscous The mass ratio for connecing agent is 1:2:2:1;
Before use by pretreatment, specific preprocess method is hydroxylapatite powder:
(1) hydroxylapatite powder of 13 mass parts is taken, 110 DEG C are warming up to it, 3 parts of quick limes is then added in, at the uniform velocity stirs It mixes uniformly;
(2) salt of 1.5 parts of mass fraction is taken, is added thereto after its thawing, adds in 4 parts of diatomite, 350 are crossed after grinding After mesh screen both;
Utilization more than material composition prepares the procedure of processing of light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials, specific method For:
1) 20min will be stirred in modified expanded perlite, cement input mixing and blending machine under the stirring of 1800rpm rotating speeds;
2) rotating speed is adjusted to 1400rpm rotating speeds, straw powder, blast furnace slag, sodium tripolyphosphate, hard is put into mixing and blending machine Resin acid calcium, additive stir 20min;
3) after the completion of stirring, rotating speed is adjusted to 1600rpm, input polypropylene fibre, powder of lacquer putty for use on, hydroxylapatite powder, first Sour calcium and water, cement slurry is made in stirring 20min in mixing and blending machine;
4) cement slurry is added in blender and stirred evenly, after enter microwave frequency to handle under conditions of 105GHz Then 6min enters and stands 1.5h under isoperibol;
5) slurry finally is poured into continuous pressing mold in mold to be molded;
6) heating curing through being vented, suppress, after pressurize makes mixture reach dense state, the demoulding obtain blank;
7) blank obtained by step 6) is conserved, rear drying to blank moisture is less than 1%, so far expanded perlite Prepared by thermal insulation board completes.
Equipment used in continuous mould pressing shaping is hydraulic press in step (5), and the pressure of hydraulic press is 50t;
Heat-cured temperature is 60 DEG C in step (5), time 6h.
Embodiment 3:
Light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials, the component including following mass fraction are prepared:It is modified expanded 80 parts of perlite, 35 parts of cement, 28 parts of water, 16 parts of straw powder, 12 parts of blast furnace slag, 10 parts of sodium tripolyphosphate, 5 parts of calcium stearate, 10 parts of additive, 1 part of polypropylene fibre, 5 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, 5 parts of hydroxylapatite powder, 3 parts of calcium formate.
Expanded perlite wherein in said components is needed before use by modification:Specifically method of modifying is:
(1) perlite is preheated, perlite is preheated 15 minutes using 400 DEG C of temperature during preheating;
(2) perlite is directly heated, is heated to 1300 DEG C of progress expanding treatments, makes perlite volume expansion 15 Times, obtain expanded perlite;
(3) treat expanded perlite Temperature fall, when temperature is down to 200 DEG C, expanded perlite is sprayed to expanded perlite The methyltriethoxysilane of total weight 15%;
(4) continue to be cooled to room temperature after the completion of spraying, then cross 30 mesh sieves to get modified expanded perlite.
Same above-mentioned blast furnace slag passes through modification before use:Specifically processing method is:
(1) 15 parts of blast furnace slags of mass fraction, 8 parts of inorganic bonding agents, 12 parts of water mixing are taken, and are stirred evenly;
(2) material stirred evenly is put into microwave equipment, with the condition microwave treatment 15S of microwave frequency 55GHz;
(3) raw material after microwave treatment is entered in reaction kettle, stirred, then add in 0.6 part of binding agent and 2-5 parts of diatomite Be warming up to 90 DEG C after crushing, stirring, be sealed 4 it is small when after both.
Above-mentioned straw powder is needed before use by processing, and when processing takes the wheat flour of 1/3 amount of straw powder quality, with stalk Powder is uniformly mixed, and the mica powder for then adding 1/4 amount of straw powder quality is uniformly mixed again, then enter in microwave equipment with After the frequency microwave processing 5S of 35GHz both;
Additive includes:Foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and bonding agent;Wherein foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and viscous The mass ratio for connecing agent is 1:2:2:1;
Before use by pretreatment, specific preprocess method is hydroxylapatite powder:
(1) hydroxylapatite powder of 15 mass parts is taken, 110 DEG C are warming up to it, 3 parts of quick limes is then added in, at the uniform velocity stirs It mixes uniformly;
(2) salt of 1.5 parts of mass fraction is taken, is added thereto after its thawing, adds in 5 parts of diatomite, 400 are crossed after grinding After mesh screen both;
Utilization more than material composition prepares the procedure of processing of light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials, specific method For:
1) 30min will be stirred in modified expanded perlite, cement input mixing and blending machine under the stirring of 2000rpm rotating speeds;
2) rotating speed is adjusted to 1500rpm rotating speeds, straw powder, blast furnace slag, sodium tripolyphosphate, hard is put into mixing and blending machine Resin acid calcium, additive stir 30min;
3) after the completion of stirring, rotating speed is adjusted to 1700rpm, input polypropylene fibre, powder of lacquer putty for use on, hydroxylapatite powder, first Sour calcium and water, cement slurry is made in stirring 30min in mixing and blending machine;
4) cement slurry is added in blender and stirred evenly, after enter microwave frequency to handle under conditions of 110GHz Then 8min enters and stands 2h under isoperibol;
5) slurry finally is poured into continuous pressing mold in mold to be molded;
6) heating curing through being vented, suppress, after pressurize makes mixture reach dense state, the demoulding obtain blank;
7) blank obtained by step 6) is conserved, rear drying to blank moisture is less than 1%, so far expanded perlite Prepared by thermal insulation board completes.
Equipment used in continuous mould pressing shaping is hydraulic press in step (5), and the pressure of hydraulic press is 50t;
Heat-cured temperature is 75 DEG C in step (5), time 8h.
Comparative example 1:
A kind of fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials, the component including following mass fraction are prepared:Expanded perlite 60-80 Part, 20-35 parts of cement, 20-28 parts of water, 8-12 parts of blast furnace slag, 5-10 parts of sodium tripolyphosphate, 2-5 parts of calcium stearate, additive 5- 10 parts, 0.5-1 parts of polypropylene fibre, 1-5 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on.
Blast furnace slag passes through modification before use:Specifically processing method is:
(1) 10-15 parts of blast furnace slags of mass fraction, 3-8 parts of inorganic bonding agents, 8-12 parts of water mixing are taken, and are stirred evenly;
(2) material stirred evenly is put into microwave equipment, with the condition microwave treatment 10- of microwave frequency 50-55GHz 15S;
(3) raw material after microwave treatment is entered in reaction kettle, stirred, then add in 0.5-0.6 parts of binding agents and 2-5 parts After diatomite crushing, stirring be warming up to 60-90 DEG C, be sealed 3-4 it is small when after both.
Additive includes:Foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and bonding agent;Wherein foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and viscous The mass ratio for connecing agent is 1:2:2:1;
The procedure of processing of fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials is prepared using above-mentioned raw materials ingredient, specific method is:
1) 5min will be stirred in expanded perlite, cement input mixing and blending machine under the stirring of 1000rpm rotating speeds;
2) rotating speed is adjusted to 8000rpm rotating speeds, in mixing and blending machine put into blast furnace slag, sodium tripolyphosphate, calcium stearate, Additive stirs 10min;
3) after the completion of stirring, rotating speed is adjusted to 1100rpm, input polypropylene fibre, powder of lacquer putty for use on and water, in mixing and blending machine Cement slurry is made in middle stirring 20min;
4) cement slurry is poured into continuous pressing mold in mold to be molded;
5) heating curing through being vented, suppress, after pressurize makes mixture reach dense state, the demoulding obtain blank, drying, until Prepared by this expanded perlite thermal-nsulation plate completes.
Comparative example 2:
A kind of fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials, the component including following mass fraction are prepared:70 parts of expanded perlite, water 28 parts of mud, 25 parts of water, 8 parts of sodium tripolyphosphate, 3.5 parts of calcium stearate, 7 parts of additive, 0.6 part of polypropylene fibre, powder of lacquer putty for use on 3 Part, 3 parts of calcium formate;
The additive includes:Foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and bonding agent;Wherein foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant Mass ratio with bonding agent is 1:2:2:1;
The procedure of processing of fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials is prepared using above-mentioned raw materials ingredient, specific method is:
1) 10min will be stirred in expanded perlite, cement input mixing and blending machine under the stirring of 500rpm rotating speeds;
2) rotating speed is adjusted to 600rpm rotating speeds, sodium tripolyphosphate, calcium stearate, additive is put into mixing and blending machine, Stir 10min;
3) after the completion of stirring, rotating speed is adjusted to 800rpm, input polypropylene fibre, powder of lacquer putty for use on, calcium formate and water are mixing 10min is stirred in mixer, cement slurry is made;
4) cement slurry is poured into continuous pressing mold in mold to be molded;
5) heating curing through being vented, suppress, after pressurize makes mixture reach dense state, the demoulding, obtain it is dry after blank, until Prepared by this expanded perlite thermal-nsulation plate completes.
Light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials are prepared according to the scheme of embodiment 1-3 respectively, then to building materials Following performance is test, and test result and the comparative example 1-2 thermal insulation boards being prepared is compared, specific statistics As shown in following:
By above-mentioned comparison, it can be seen that the light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials that prepare of this law in every respect All have compared with mill run in performance and be obviously improved, have effects that improve total quality, fire protecting performance is superior, matter Gently, intensity is high, thermal conductivity factor is low, good with the adhesive layer and cracking resistance protective layer compatibility of heat-insulation system, and integral processing Simply, it is convenient.
The basic principles, main features and the advantages of the invention have been shown and described above.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe this The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and modifications of the present invention are possible, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (6)

1. light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials, it is characterised in that:Component including following mass fraction is prepared: 60-80 parts of modified expanded perlite, 20-35 parts of cement, 20-28 parts of water, 10-16 parts of straw powder, 8-12 parts of blast furnace slag, trimerization phosphorus Sour sodium 5-10 parts, 2-5 parts of calcium stearate, 5-10 parts of additive, 0.5-1 parts of polypropylene fibre, 1-5 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, hydroxy-apatite 3-5 parts of mountain flour, 2-3 parts of calcium formate.
2. light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Each component it is preferred Scheme is:65-75 parts of modified expanded perlite, 25-30 parts of cement, 22-26 parts of water, 12-14 parts of straw powder, blast furnace slag 8-10 Part, 6-9 parts of sodium tripolyphosphate, 3-4 parts of calcium stearate, 6-8 parts of additive, 0.5-0.8 parts of polypropylene fibre, 2-4 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, 3-5 parts of hydroxylapatite powder, 2-3 parts of calcium formate.
3. light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Each component it is optimal Mix proportion scheme is:70 parts of modified expanded perlite, 28 parts of cement, 25 parts of water, 13 parts of straw powder, 9 parts of blast furnace slag, sodium tripolyphosphate 8 parts, 3.5 parts of calcium stearate, 7 parts of additive, 0.6 part of polypropylene fibre, 3 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, 4 parts of hydroxylapatite powder, calcium formate 3 Part.
4. the processing technology of light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials, it is characterised in that:Specific method is:
1) 5- will be stirred in modified expanded perlite, cement input mixing and blending machine under the stirring of 1500-2000rpm rotating speeds 30min;
2) rotating speed is adjusted to 1200-1500rpm rotating speeds, in mixing and blending machine put into straw powder, blast furnace slag, sodium tripolyphosphate, Calcium stearate, additive stir 5-30min;
3) after the completion of stirring, rotating speed is adjusted to 1500-1700rpm, input polypropylene fibre, powder of lacquer putty for use on, hydroxylapatite powder, first Sour calcium and water, cement slurry is made in stirring 5-30min in mixing and blending machine;
4) cement slurry is added in blender and stirred evenly, after enter microwave frequency to handle 5- under conditions of 100-110GHz Then 8min enters and stands 1-2h under isoperibol;
5) slurry finally is poured into continuous pressing mold in mold to be molded;
6) heating curing through being vented, suppress, after pressurize makes mixture reach dense state, the demoulding obtain blank;
7) blank obtained by step 6) is conserved, rear drying to blank moisture is less than 1%, so far expanded perlite thermal-nsulation Prepared by plate completes.
5. the processing technology of light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials, it is characterised in that:Continuous mould pressing is molded in step (5) Used equipment is hydraulic press, and the pressure of hydraulic press is 50t.
6. the processing technology of light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials, it is characterised in that:Heat-cured temperature in step (5) It spends for 55-75 DEG C, time 5-8h.
CN201711247286.3A 2017-12-01 2017-12-01 Light environment-friendly energy-saving fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials preparation process Withdrawn CN108046679A (en)

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CN109650826A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-04-19 吉林省大河智能科技有限公司 A kind of heat preservation construction material and preparation method thereof
CN110372277A (en) * 2019-08-02 2019-10-25 乔刚 A kind of light body environment-friendly insulating building panel and preparation method thereof

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