CN108043700A - Kitchen garbage sorts crushing and screening all-in-one machine - Google Patents

Kitchen garbage sorts crushing and screening all-in-one machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108043700A
CN108043700A CN201711092707.XA CN201711092707A CN108043700A CN 108043700 A CN108043700 A CN 108043700A CN 201711092707 A CN201711092707 A CN 201711092707A CN 108043700 A CN108043700 A CN 108043700A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing
kitchen garbage
screening
separation tube
machine
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711092707.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
屈小平
姚继戈
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HUNAN PUHUI ENVIRONMENT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
HUNAN PUHUI ENVIRONMENT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HUNAN PUHUI ENVIRONMENT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical HUNAN PUHUI ENVIRONMENT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711092707.XA priority Critical patent/CN108043700A/en
Publication of CN108043700A publication Critical patent/CN108043700A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/02Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/28Shape or construction of beater elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/30Driving mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/18Drum screens
    • B07B1/22Revolving drums
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • B07B1/50Cleaning
    • B07B1/55Cleaning with fluid jets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/286Feeding or discharge
    • B02C2013/28618Feeding means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The present invention relates to field of solid waste treating technology, provide a kind of kitchen garbage sorting crushing and screening all-in-one machine.The all-in-one machine includes housing and is arranged on housing is interior and is from top to bottom sequentially communicated sorting unit, intermediate conveying device and crushing and screening device;The both sides of housing are respectively equipped with feed inlet and the outlet of thick slag, bottom are equipped with slurry outlet;Sorting unit is used to sieve the kitchen garbage for putting into feed inlet, and the kitchen garbage that will be greater than specified size is delivered to thick slag outlet, will be delivered to crushing and screening device by intermediate conveying device less than the kitchen garbage of specified size;Crushing and screening device is used to be delivered to slurry outlet after the kitchen garbage of intermediate conveying device conveying is crushed.The present invention ensure that the house refuse of the large-sizes such as bottle, porcelain dish or polybag cannot be introduced into crushing and screening device, avoid crushing and screening device and be damaged by setting sorting unit.In addition, also substantially reducing floor space, foul smell and sewage leakage are avoided.

Description

Kitchen garbage sorts crushing and screening all-in-one machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of solid waste treating technology, and in particular to a kind of kitchen garbage sorting crushing and screening one Machine.
Background technology
Kitchen garbage is the waste that resident is formed during personal consumption, since its moisture is high, content of organics It is abundant but perishable, it easily makes a very bad impression to environmental sanitation, therefore kitchen garbage has apparent resource characteristics and pollutant Characteristic.
Existing food waste treatment equipment is typically that kitchen garbage is sent directly into fragmentation cell first, passes through broken shaft Drive with the hammer knife high-speed rotation of broken axis connection, with using the impact force and shearing force for hammering knife into shape by the kitchen rubbish in fragmentation cell Rubbish is broken into little particle;Finally broken kitchen garbage is sieved by sieve again.
But some larger-size house refuses, such as polybag, bottle, porcelain dish can be adulterated toward contact in kitchen garbage It is directly entered Deng, these house refuses and can frequently result in crusher after crusher and break down, even damage.For example, polybag It can be usually directly wound on broken shaft Deng flexibility rubbish, and then block crusher chamber, and the hard rubbish such as bottle, porcelain dish not only holds It easily leads to stuck broken shaft or abrasion and is also easy to break hammer knife.
The content of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of compact-sized, simple operation kitchen garbages to sort crushing and screening all-in-one machine, To be sieved to the kitchen garbage before crushing, crushing and screening device avoided to be damaged.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a kind of kitchen garbages to sort crushing and screening all-in-one machine, the all-in-one machine bag It includes housing and is arranged on the housing is interior and is from top to bottom sequentially communicated sorting unit, intermediate conveying device and crushing and screening Device;
The both sides of the housing are respectively equipped with feed inlet and the outlet of thick slag, bottom are equipped with slurry outlet;
The sorting unit is used to sieve the kitchen garbage for putting into the feed inlet, will be greater than the meal of specified size Kitchen rubbish is delivered to thick slag outlet, will be delivered to crushing and screening dress by intermediate conveying device less than the kitchen garbage of specified size It puts;
The crushing and screening device be used for by the kitchen garbage that the intermediate conveying device conveys crush screening after it is defeated It send to slurry outlet.
Wherein, the sorting unit includes chassis, inner cover, separation tube and sorts driving unit, and the inner cover is arranged on institute It states on chassis, for accommodating the separation tube, the inlet end and an outlet end of the separation tube is respectively stuck in the inner cover The end face of both sides, the input end of the separation tube is connected with the feed inlet, the port of export is gone out by thick slag charge bucket and the thick slag Mouthful connection, the both ends of the chassis are equipped with support roller, the inlet end and an outlet end of the separation tube be equipped with for it is corresponding The rolling ring of the support roller CONTACT WITH FRICTION, the sorting driving unit for the separation tube to be driven to rotate, the separation tube it is interior Wall is equipped with helical baffle, and the wall surface that the separation tube is located in the inner cover is equipped with multiple sieve pores.
Wherein, the separation tube is tilted down by the input end of the port of export to the separation tube of the separation tube.
Wherein, further include air knife and the blower connected with the air knife, the air knife be arranged on the inner cover with it is described Between separation tube.
Wherein, flush pipe is further included and nozzle that multiple length directions along the flush pipe are set gradually, the flushing Pipe is arranged on the outside of the inner cover, and the top of the nozzle is plugged in the inner cover, for rinsing the outer of the separation tube Wall.
Wherein, the intermediate conveying device includes middle hopper, discharge nozzle, intermediate motor and in the middle hopper Shaftless screw, the middle hopper is arranged on the lower section of the chassis, for accepting the kitchen garbage that drops from the sieve pore, institute The one side for stating middle hopper is equipped with the intermediate motor by the discharge nozzle and crushing and screening device connection, opposite side, One end of the shaftless screw is closed on the discharge nozzle, the other end and the intermediate motor and is connected.
Wherein, the crushing and screening device includes semi-barrel shape upper cover, lower chamber, drawer chassis, broken driving unit, broken shaft With multiple cutterheads, the top of the lower chamber is tapered for opening, bottom, and the semi-barrel shape upper cover lid is located at the lower chamber Top, the side of the lower chamber are equipped with the drawer chassis in which can pull and push, the drawer chassis include side plate and with the side plate The semi-barrel shape sieve plate being detachably connected, the semi-barrel shape sieve plate can enclose jointly with semi-barrel shape upper cover to be set to form a tubular sky Between, the broken shaft is along the axially extending of the cylindrical spaces and is spindle rotationally arranged in the cylindrical spaces, described broken One end of axis is connected with the broken driving unit in the outside arranged on the lower chamber, axis of multiple cutterheads along the broken shaft To setting gradually, each cutterhead is respectively connected at least one hammer knife, and the hammer knife on the adjacent cutterhead is staggered, institute It states lid on semi-barrel shape and is equipped with the feed-crushing mouth connected with the intermediate conveying device, the bottom of the lower chamber is equipped with For the broken discharge port connected with the slurry outlet, the broken driving unit is used to that the broken shaft to be driven to rotate.
Wherein, the radial direction of the plane of disruption and the broken shaft of the hammer knife has angle.
Wherein, the one side of the semi-barrel shape sieve plate has notch, and the notch is connected by delivery tube and the thick slag outlet Logical, one end that the broken shaft closes on the notch is equipped with blade of slagging tap.
Wherein, the top surface of the semi-barrel shape upper cover is spliced by multiple washboards.
Compact-sized, simple operation of the invention, by setting sorting unit, ensure that bottle, porcelain dish or polybag etc. compared with Large-sized house refuse cannot be introduced into crushing and screening device, and then also avoids crushing and screening device and be damaged.In addition, by In sorting unit, intermediate conveying device and crushing and screening device are from top to bottom set gradually in housing, therefore are not only subtracted significantly Small floor space, and foul smell and sewage leakage are also avoided, significantly improve surrounding enviroment.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of front view of kitchen garbage sorting crushing and screening all-in-one machine in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of left view of kitchen garbage sorting crushing and screening all-in-one machine in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a kind of isometric side view of kitchen garbage sorting crushing and screening all-in-one machine in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the isometric side view of sorting unit in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the sectional view of separation tube in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the isometric side view of separation tube in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the isometric side view of intermediate conveying device in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the isometric side view of inner cover in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the isometric side view of crushing and screening device in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the isometric side view equipped with hammer disk and the broken shaft for hammering knife into shape in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the front view for hammering knife in the embodiment of the present invention into shape;
Figure 12 is the isometric side view of washboard in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 13 is the isometric side view of drawer chassis in the embodiment of the present invention.
Reference numeral:
1st, sorting unit;1.1st, separation tube;1.2nd, chain;1.3rd, sprocket wheel;
1.4th, speed reducer;1.5th, chassis;1.5.1, support roller;1.6th, inner cover;1.1.1, key way;
1.1.2, rolling ring;1.1.3, sieve pore;1.1.4, serration type shovelling plate;
2nd, intermediate conveying device;2.1st, middle hopper;2.2nd, shaftless screw;
2.3rd, discharge nozzle;2.4th, intermediate motor;3rd, crushing and screening device;
3.1st, semi-barrel shape upper cover;3.1.1, feed-crushing mouth;3.1.2, washboard;
3.2nd, lower chamber;3.3.1, blade of slagging tap;3.3.2, hammer knife;3.3.3, axis pin;
3.3.4, broken shaft;3.4th, drawer chassis;3.4.1, side plate;3.4.2, semi-barrel shape sieve plate;
3.4.3, notch;3.5th, motor is crushed;3.6th, belt;3.7th, the first belt pulley;
3.8th, the second belt pulley;4th, slag tap spiral;5th, feed inlet;6th, housing;
6.1st, warning lamp;6.2nd, touch-screen;6.3rd, maintenance door;7th, slurry outlet;
8th, thick slag outlet;9th, exhaust column;10th, blower;11st, air knife;
12nd, flush pipe.
Specific embodiment
To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of invention clearer, below in conjunction with the attached drawing in invention, in invention Technical solution be explicitly described, it is clear that described embodiment be invention part of the embodiment rather than whole reality Apply example.Based on the embodiment in invention, what those of ordinary skill in the art were obtained without making creative work Every other embodiment belongs to the scope of invention protection.
In the description of the present invention, unless otherwise indicated, the orientation or position of the instructions such as term " on ", " under ", " top ", " bottom " Put relation be based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, be for only for ease of the description present invention and simplify description rather than Indicate or imply that signified mechanism or element there must be specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore cannot It is interpreted as limitation of the present invention.
It should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, can To be to be fixedly connected or be detachably connected or be integrally connected;It can be directly connected, intermediate matchmaker can also be passed through Jie is indirectly connected.For the ordinary skill in the art, tool of the above-mentioned term in invention can be understood with concrete condition Body meaning.
With reference to shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, the present invention provides a kind of kitchen garbages to sort crushing and screening all-in-one machine, the all-in-one machine Including housing 6 and it is arranged on the sorting unit 1 being sequentially communicated in housing 6 and from top to bottom, intermediate conveying device 2 and broken sieve Separating device 3;
The both sides of housing 6 are respectively equipped with feed inlet 5 and thick slag outlet 8, bottom are equipped with slurry outlet 7;
Sorting unit 1 is used to sieve the kitchen garbage for putting into feed inlet 5, will be greater than the kitchen garbage of specified size It is delivered to thick slag outlet 8, crushing and screening device 3 will be delivered to by intermediate conveying device 2 less than the kitchen garbage of specified size;
Crushing and screening device 3 is used to be delivered to slurry after the kitchen garbage that intermediate conveying device 2 conveys is crushed screening Material outlet 7.
As a result, when needing to handle kitchen garbage, kitchen garbage can be direct plungeed into feed inlet 5 by user, be connected with feed inlet 5 Logical sorting unit 1 will sieve kitchen garbage, wherein more than specified size kitchen garbage such as bottle, porcelain dish or Polybag etc. can be fed directly to thick slag discharge port, and the kitchen garbage less than specified size will pass through middle transport unit It is delivered to crushing and screening device 3 to be crushed, the broken slurry generated can directly go out from the slurry connected with crushing and screening device 3 Mouth 7 flows out.As it can be seen that by setting sorting unit 1, the house refuses of the large-sizes such as bottle, porcelain dish or polybag just can not be into Enter crushing and screening device 3, and then also avoid crushing and screening device 3 and be damaged.Further, since sorting unit 1, intermediate defeated Device 2 and crushing and screening device 3 is sent from top to bottom to be set gradually in housing 6, therefore not only substantially reduces floor space, and And foul smell and sewage leakage are also avoided, significantly improve surrounding enviroment.
In addition, further including the exhaust column 9 connected with the top of housing 6, one end of the exhaust column 9 connects with housing 6, is another It holds to connect with odor collection system.It, not only can be constantly by shell as a result, when exhaust column 9 is connected with odor collection system Foul smell in body 6 is taken away, but also can make to keep tiny structure in housing 6, avoids the foul smell in housing 6 excessive.
Preferably, with reference to shown in Fig. 4 to Fig. 6, sorting unit 1 includes chassis 1.5, inner cover 1.6, separation tube 1.1 and sorting Driving unit, inner cover 1.6 are arranged on chassis 1.5, for accommodating separation tube 1.1, and the inlet end and an outlet end of separation tube 1.1 is equal It is stuck in the end face of the both sides of inner cover 1.6 respectively, the input end of separation tube 1.1 is connected with feed inlet 5, the port of export passes through thick slag charge Bucket is connected with thick slag outlet 8, and the both ends of chassis 1.5 are equipped with support roller 1.5.1, and the inlet end and an outlet end of separation tube 1.1 is all provided with The rolling ring 1.1.2 with corresponding support roller 1.5.1 CONTACT WITH FRICTIONs is useful for, sorting driving unit is used to that separation tube 1.1 to be driven to rotate, The inner wall of separation tube 1.1 is equipped with helical baffle, and the wall surface that separation tube 1.1 is located in inner cover 1.6 is equipped with multiple sieve pores 1.1.3, i.e., the wall surface between the end face for the both sides that separation tube 1.1 is located at inner cover 1.6 is equipped with multiple sieve pore 1.1.3.
As a result, when needing to handle kitchen garbage, user can first start sorting driving unit, and separation tube 1.1 will divide It selects and is rotated under the drive of driving unit, and the kitchen garbage for putting into feed inlet 5 will be as the rotation of separation tube 1.1 be from separation tube The port of export of 1.1 input end towards separation tube 1.1 gradually rolls.In the rotation process of separation tube 1.1, size is less than sieve pore 1.1.3 the kitchen garbage of diameter directly can fall into intermediate conveying device 2 by sieve pore 1.1.3, and size is straight more than sieve pore 1.1.3 The kitchen garbage in footpath can constantly roll in separation tube 1.1, when these kitchen garbages roll at the inner wall of separation tube 1.1 i.e. most , can be under the influence of centrifugal force with certain speed impacts on helical baffle during eminence, and throw down under the effect of gravity Fall.So as to which with the rotation of separation tube 1.1, the soft rubbish in these kitchen garbages will be crashed constantly, left, until most After can fall into intermediate conveying device 2 by sieve pore 1.1.3, and the rubbish of remaining large-size will be overturn to separation tube 1.1 The port of export, and discharged eventually by thick slag charge bucket from thick slag outlet 8.
Further, sorting driving unit includes speed reducer 1.4, chain 1.2 and sprocket wheel 1.3, and retarder is arranged on chassis 1.5 close on the one side of the port of export of separation tube 1.1, and the output shaft of speed reducer 1.4 is connected with sprocket wheel 1.3, and sprocket wheel 1.3 passes through chain 1.2 are sequentially connected with the port of export of separation tube 1.1.Wherein, the port of export of separation tube 1.1 is equipped with what is engaged with chain 1.2 Key way 1.1.1.Speed reducer 1.4, sprocket wheel 1.3, chain 1.2 and separation tube 1.1 is are synchronized with the movement as a result, when startup speed reducer 1.4 When, the meeting of sprocket wheel 1.3 high-speed rotation under the drive of speed reducer 1.4, and then sprocket wheel 1.3 will pass through chain 1.2 and drive separation tube 1.1 It rotates simultaneously.
Preferably, baffle is serration type shovelling plate 1.1.4, that is to say, that baffle is equipped with the shovelling plate of multiple sawtooth for one side.This Sample setting is advantageous in that during the flexible rubbish such as polybag leaves downwards, meeting is constantly by serration type shovelling plate 1.1.4 On sawtooth puncture, so as to can both realize broken bag, the flexible rubbish such as polybag is avoided to block screen holes, but also can be by plastics Rubbish in bag pours completely.
Preferably, separation tube 1.1 is tilted down by the input end of the port of export to the separation tube 1.1 of separation tube 1.1.As a result, In the case where the length of inner cover 1.6 is constant, by the way that separation tube 1.1 is obliquely installed, kitchen garbage can be extended in separation tube 1.1 The time of middle rolling, so as to improve the efficiency of separation, ensure that all sizes can pass through sieve less than the rubbish of sieve pore 1.1.3 diameters Hole 1.1.3 falls into intermediate conveying device 2.It is highly preferred that the angle between the axis and horizontal plane of separation tube 1.1 is 3~5 °.
In addition, as shown in figure 8, further including air knife 11 and the blower 10 connected with air knife 11, air knife 11 is arranged on inner cover Between 1.6 and separation tube 1.1.When the sieve pore 1.1.3 on separation tube 1.1 is turned near air knife 11, sieve pore 1.1.3 is attached to On rubbish will be blown off by the high pressure draught blown out in air knife 11, so that sieve pore 1.1.3 can be avoided to be blocked.More preferably Ground, further includes circulating fan and air supply pipe, and one end of air supply pipe is plugged in housing 6, the import of the other end and circulating fan connects Logical, the outlet of circulating fan is connected by blower 10 with air knife 11.
In addition, further include flush pipe 12 and nozzle that multiple length directions along flush pipe 12 are set gradually, flush pipe 12 It is arranged on the outside of inner cover 1.6, the top of nozzle is plugged in inner cover 1.6, the outer wall for rinsing separation tube 1.1.More preferably Ground, the bottom that flush pipe 12 closes on inner cover 1.6 is set, also flushable to being arranged on point during to rinse the outer wall of separation tube 1.1 Select the intermediate conveying device 2 of 1.1 lower section of cylinder.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 7, intermediate conveying device 2 includes middle hopper 2.1, discharge nozzle 2.3,2.4 and of intermediate motor Shaftless screw 2.2 in middle hopper 2.1, middle hopper 2.1 are arranged on the lower section of chassis 1.5, for accepting from sieve pore 1.1.3 the kitchen garbage to drop, the one side of middle hopper 2.1 is connected by discharge nozzle 2.3 with crushing and screening device 3, opposite side Arranged on intermediate motor 2.4, discharge nozzle 2.3 is closed in one end of shaftless screw 2.2, the other end is connected with intermediate motor 2.4.As a result, Among starting after motor 2.4, with the rotation of shaftless screw 2.2, the kitchen garbage in middle hopper 2.1 will be brought into discharging Pipe 2.3, and finally fall under gravity into crushing and screening device 3.
Preferably, with reference to shown in Fig. 9 to Figure 13, crushing and screening device 3 includes semi-barrel shape upper cover 3.1, lower chamber 3.2, takes out Drawer seat 3.4, broken driving unit, broken shaft 3.3.4 and multiple cutterheads, the top of lower chamber 3.2 is tapered for opening, bottom, Semi-barrel shape upper cover 3.1 covers the top for being located at lower chamber 3.2, and the side of lower chamber 3.2 is equipped with drawer chassis 3.4, drawer with can pulling and pushing Seat 3.4 includes side plate 3.4.1 and the semi-barrel shape sieve plate 3.4.2, semi-barrel shape sieve plate 3.4.2 that are detachably connected with side plate 3.4.1 Can be enclosed jointly with semi-barrel shape upper cover 3.1 and set to form a cylindrical spaces, broken shaft 3.3.4 along cylindrical spaces it is axially extending simultaneously It is spindle rotationally arranged in cylindrical spaces, one end of broken shaft 3.3.4 and the broken driving unit arranged on the outside of lower chamber 3.2 Connection, multiple cutterheads are set gradually along the axial direction of broken shaft 3.3.4, and each cutterhead is respectively connected at least one hammer knife 3.3.2, phase Hammer knife 3.3.2 on adjacent cutterhead is staggered, and semi-barrel shape upper cover 3.1 is equipped with to connect with intermediate conveying device 2 broken Broken feed inlet 3.1.1, the bottom of lower chamber 3.2 are equipped with the broken discharge port connected with slurry outlet 7, crush driving unit For broken shaft 3.3.4 to be driven to rotate.
As a result, after broken driving unit starts, broken shaft 3.3.4 will at a high speed turn under the drive of broken driving unit It is dynamic, and then the kitchen garbage fallen from feed-crushing mouth 3.1.1 will constantly be hammered by the hammer knife 3.3.2 of high-speed rotation, directly It is discharged to finally slurry is broken by the sieve pore on semi-barrel shape sieve plate 3.4.2 from slurry outlet 7.When all-in-one machine operation is longer After time, drawer chassis 3.4 can be extracted out, semi-barrel shape sieve plate 3.4.2 from side plate 3.4.1 is disassembled, is directly cleaned Or it replaces.In addition, for the ease of pull drawer chassis 3.4, handle can be equipped on side plate 3.4.1.
Further, the radial direction of the plane of disruption and broken shaft 3.3.4 of hammering knife 3.3.2 into shape has angle.It is highly preferred that hammer The plane of disruption of knife 3.3.2 and the angle of the radial direction of broken shaft 3.3.4 are 5~10 °.
Preferably, there is notch 3.4.3, notch 3.4.3 to be gone out by delivery tube and thick slag for the one side of semi-barrel shape sieve plate 3.4.2 Mouth 8 connects, and one end that broken shaft 3.3.4 closes on notch 3.4.3 is equipped with the blade 3.3.1 that slags tap.Since hammer knife 3.3.2 revolves at a high speed When turning, Directional perturbation can be generated to the air in cylindrical spaces, i.e., the air in cylindrical spaces can be made to generate towards notch 3.4.3 The thrust in direction, therefore with the continuous rotation of broken shaft 3.3.4, the kitchen garbage for not becoming slurries in cylindrical spaces will be by It is pushed at notch 3.4.3, and passes through delivery tube from 8 discharge of thick slag outlet.It is highly preferred that it is equipped with and spiral of slagging tap in delivery tube 4, place's spiral 4 of slagging tap is connected with the transport motor outside the delivery tube.
Preferably, the top surface of semi-barrel shape upper cover 3.1 is spliced by multiple washboard 3.1.2.
Preferably, crushing driving unit includes broken motor 3.5, the first belt pulley 3.7, the second belt pulley 3.8 and belt 3.6, broken motor 3.5 is arranged on the outside of lower chamber 3.2, and the output shaft of broken motor 3.5 is connected with the first belt pulley 3.7, Broken shaft 3.3.4 is connected with the second belt pulley 3.8, and the first belt pulley 3.7 is driven by 3.6 and second belt pulley 3.8 of belt to be connected It connects.Motor 3.5, the first belt pulley 3.7, the second belt pulley 3.8 and broken shaft 3.3.4 are crushed as a result, to be synchronized with the movement, and work as startup During broken motor 3.5, the first belt pulley 3.7 meeting high-speed rotation under the drive of broken motor 3.5, and then the first belt pulley 3.7 By belt 3.6 the broken shaft 3.3.4 being connected with the second belt pulley 3.8 will be driven to rotate simultaneously.
In addition, further including control unit and the touch-screen 6.2 being arranged on housing 6, control unit drives respectively with sorting Unit, intermediate motor 2.4, broken driving unit and touch-screen 6.2 connect.User is just controllable by point touching screen 6.2 as a result, The start and stop of system sorting driving unit, intermediate motor 2.4, broken driving unit.In addition, 6 top of housing can be also equipped with and control list The warning lamp 6.1 of member connection.
It is highly preferred that for the ease of later period maintenance, housing 6 is equipped with the maintenance door 6.3 that can be pushed and pulled.
Finally it should be noted that:Above example is only to illustrate the technical solution of invention, rather than its limitations;Although ginseng Invention is described in detail according to previous embodiment, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that:It still can be right Technical solution recorded in foregoing embodiments modifies or carries out equivalent substitution to which part technical characteristic;And this A little modifications are replaced, and the essence of appropriate technical solution is not made to depart from the spirit and scope for inventing each embodiment technical solution.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of kitchen garbage sorts crushing and screening all-in-one machine, which is characterized in that including housing and is arranged in the housing And sorting unit, intermediate conveying device and the crushing and screening device being from top to bottom sequentially communicated;
The both sides of the housing are respectively equipped with feed inlet and the outlet of thick slag, bottom are equipped with slurry outlet;
The sorting unit is used to sieve the kitchen garbage for putting into the feed inlet, will be greater than the kitchen rubbish of specified size Rubbish is delivered to thick slag outlet, will be delivered to crushing and screening device by intermediate conveying device less than the kitchen garbage of specified size;
The crushing and screening device is used to after the kitchen garbage that the intermediate conveying device conveys is crushed screening be delivered to Slurry outlet.
2. kitchen garbage according to claim 1 sorts crushing and screening all-in-one machine, which is characterized in that the sorting unit bag Chassis, inner cover, separation tube and sorting driving unit, the inner cover is included to be arranged on the chassis, for accommodating the separation tube, The inlet end and an outlet end of the separation tube is respectively stuck in the end face of the both sides of the inner cover, the input end of the separation tube Connected with the feed inlet, the port of export is by thick slag charge bucket and the thick slag outlet, the both ends of the chassis are equipped with support Wheel, the inlet end and an outlet end of the separation tube are equipped with for the rolling ring with the corresponding support roller CONTACT WITH FRICTION, described point Driving unit is selected for the separation tube to be driven to rotate, the inner wall of the separation tube is equipped with helical baffle, the separation tube position Wall surface in the inner cover is equipped with multiple sieve pores.
3. kitchen garbage according to claim 2 sorts crushing and screening all-in-one machine, which is characterized in that the separation tube is by institute The input end for stating the port of export to the separation tube of separation tube tilts down.
4. kitchen garbage according to claim 2 sorts crushing and screening all-in-one machine, which is characterized in that further include air knife and The blower connected with the air knife, the air knife are arranged between the inner cover and the separation tube.
5. kitchen garbage according to claim 2 sorts crushing and screening all-in-one machine, which is characterized in that further include flush pipe and The nozzle that multiple length directions along the flush pipe are set gradually, the flush pipe is arranged on the outside of the inner cover, described The top of nozzle is plugged in the inner cover, the outer wall for rinsing the separation tube.
6. crushing and screening all-in-one machine is sorted according to claim 2 to 5 any one of them kitchen garbage, which is characterized in that described Intermediate conveying device includes middle hopper, discharge nozzle, intermediate motor and the shaftless screw in the middle hopper, in described Between hopper be arranged on the lower section of the chassis, for accepting the kitchen garbage that drops from the sieve pore, the one side of the middle hopper Connected by the discharge nozzle and the crushing and screening device, opposite side is equipped with the intermediate motor, the one of the shaftless screw End is closed on the discharge nozzle, the other end and the intermediate motor and is connected.
7. crushing and screening all-in-one machine is sorted according to claim 2 to 5 any one of them kitchen garbage, which is characterized in that described Crushing and screening device includes semi-barrel shape upper cover, lower chamber, drawer chassis, broken driving unit, broken shaft and multiple cutterheads, under described The top of cavity is tapered for opening, bottom, and the semi-barrel shape upper cover lid is located at the top of the lower chamber, the lower chamber Side is equipped with the drawer chassis in which can pull and push, and the drawer chassis includes side plate and the semi-barrel shape being detachably connected with the side plate Sieve plate, the semi-barrel shape sieve plate can enclose jointly with semi-barrel shape upper cover to be set to form a cylindrical spaces, and the broken shaft is described in Cylindrical spaces axially extending is simultaneously spindle rotationally arranged in the cylindrical spaces, one end of the broken shaft under described The broken driving unit connection in the outside of cavity, multiple cutterheads are set gradually along the axial direction of the broken shaft, each described Cutterhead is respectively connected at least one hammer knife, and the hammer knife on the adjacent cutterhead is staggered, and lid is equipped on the semi-barrel shape For the feed-crushing mouth connected with the intermediate conveying device, the bottom of the lower chamber be equipped with for the slurry outlet The broken discharge port of connection, the broken driving unit are used to that the broken shaft to be driven to rotate.
8. kitchen garbage according to claim 7 sorts crushing and screening all-in-one machine, which is characterized in that the hammer knife crushes Face and the radial direction of the broken shaft have angle.
9. kitchen garbage according to claim 7 sorts crushing and screening all-in-one machine, which is characterized in that the semi-barrel shape sieve plate One side there is notch, the notch closes on the notch by delivery tube and the thick slag outlet, the broken shaft One end is equipped with blade of slagging tap.
10. kitchen garbage according to claim 7 sorts crushing and screening all-in-one machine, which is characterized in that on the semi-barrel shape The top surface of lid is spliced by multiple washboards.
CN201711092707.XA 2017-11-08 2017-11-08 Kitchen garbage sorts crushing and screening all-in-one machine Pending CN108043700A (en)

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CN109394791A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-03-01 福建绅蓝生物科技有限公司 A kind of fining separating and producing of hippocampus fine powder
CN109499839A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-03-22 株洲鼎端装备股份有限公司 A kind of waste and old lithium ion battery is crushed the sorting unit of positive and negative anodes powder in rear particle
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CN113083660A (en) * 2021-04-12 2021-07-09 江油市光红再生资源回收有限公司 Step-by-step sorting machine
CN113695022A (en) * 2021-06-07 2021-11-26 广州奥克林餐厨降解设备有限公司 Automatic broken bag crushing sorting machine

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CN205887395U (en) * 2016-08-09 2017-01-18 湖南联合餐厨垃圾处理有限公司 A sorting machine and trench oil processing equipment for kitchen garbage
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CN109569823A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-04-05 嘉善县范泾小学 A kind of rubbish apparatus for crushing and treating
CN109499839A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-03-22 株洲鼎端装备股份有限公司 A kind of waste and old lithium ion battery is crushed the sorting unit of positive and negative anodes powder in rear particle
CN109290344A (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-02-01 福建美天环保科技有限公司 A kind of organic waste biological treating equipment
CN109394791A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-03-01 福建绅蓝生物科技有限公司 A kind of fining separating and producing of hippocampus fine powder
CN109394791B (en) * 2018-12-11 2021-07-30 福建绅蓝生物科技有限公司 Fine separation production process of sea horse fine powder
CN113083660A (en) * 2021-04-12 2021-07-09 江油市光红再生资源回收有限公司 Step-by-step sorting machine
CN113695022A (en) * 2021-06-07 2021-11-26 广州奥克林餐厨降解设备有限公司 Automatic broken bag crushing sorting machine

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