CN108040778A - A kind of floc sedimentation cycles floating bed cultivation selenium-rich celery cultural method - Google Patents

A kind of floc sedimentation cycles floating bed cultivation selenium-rich celery cultural method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108040778A
CN108040778A CN201711137424.2A CN201711137424A CN108040778A CN 108040778 A CN108040778 A CN 108040778A CN 201711137424 A CN201711137424 A CN 201711137424A CN 108040778 A CN108040778 A CN 108040778A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
selenium
floating bed
rich
celery
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CN201711137424.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
任瑞良
Original Assignee
凤台诺恒农业发展有限公司
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Priority to CN201711137424.2A priority Critical patent/CN108040778A/en
Publication of CN108040778A publication Critical patent/CN108040778A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of floc sedimentations to cycle floating bed cultivation selenium-rich celery cultural method, selects mao bamboon as floating bed carrier, installation plantation basket, it is inoculated with cyanobacteria, starch and strain are added in, carries out manufacture biological flocculation, ultrasonic wave vernalization after seed selection, it is seeded into after showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally in seedlings nursing plate, it carries out being transplanted in plantation basket when growing 56 true leaves, be managed after field planting, appropriate top dressing and selenium-supply, manage the water surface, harvesting listing.The present invention passes through infrastructure construction, seed selection vernalization, seeding and seedling raising, transplant planting, fertilising and management, harvesting so that the celery no disease and pests harm of plantation can carry out selenium-supply after edible.

Description

A kind of floc sedimentation cycles floating bed cultivation selenium-rich celery cultural method
Technical field
The invention belongs to the field of planting of vegetables, and in particular to a kind of floc sedimentation Xun Huan floating bed cultivation selenium-rich celery cultivation side Method.
Background technology
Celery is umbellate form flower section is annual or biennial herb plant.It was found from Chinese celery item:" celery has Chinese celery, early celery, Chinese celery Chinese celery and morning celery described in raw rivers and lakes, the margin in broken pool, early celery life ... " are belonging respectively to Umbelliferae Chinese celery platymiscium and umbrella shape Section morning apium plant.We are divided into this celery and celery, either Chinese celery, this celery or celery by common early celery, all rich in human body Required various nutrients, and with good medical value.Crude fibre, crude protein, reduced sugar and Wei Sheng are rich in celery The nutritional ingredient and various trace elements that the human bodies such as plain C need, are a kind of vegetables of high nutritive value.
The content of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of floc sedimentation Xun Huan floating bed cultivation selenium-rich celery cultural method, and the present invention passes through infrastructure construction If, seed selection vernalization, seeding and seedling raising, transplant planting, fertilising and management, harvesting so that the celery no disease and pests harm of plantation, can after eating Carry out selenium-supply.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of floc sedimentation cycles floating bed cultivation selenium-rich celery cultural method, which is characterized in that is urged including infrastructure construction, seed selection Bud, seeding and seedling raising, transplant planting, fertilising and management, harvesting.
The infrastructure construction:Mao bamboon is selected as floating bed carrier, the installation plantation basket on carrier, and plant wherein Plant is planted, is placed on the water surface, discharge outlet and water inlet are set, the bottom is laid with soil and organic matter, cyanobacteria is inoculated with, in 22-38 After being aerated 2-5 days at DEG C, by water inlet water filling, suitable element fertilizer progress rich water is added in after filling water, is added in afterwards suitable When starch and strain, the dissolved oxygen of the water body water body total solid suspended matter in 6-8mg/L, unit to be cultivated is maintained to reach 100- During 500mg/L, you can.
The seed selection vernalization is to select that disease-resistant, heat resistanceheat resistant, petiole be white, heart yellow-white, the kind that quality is tender and crisp, fiber is few, will Seed is immersed in 40-50 DEG C of hot warm water, adds in suitable selenium-supply product, and ultrasonication is soaked seed 20-30 minutes, and taking-up is placed on When seed soaking 24 is small in cold water, washes by rubbing with the hands 2-3 times, after pulling draining out, puddled uniformly with fine sand, wrapped with gauze or wet towel, is placed on The seed of vernalization to 30-50% show money or valuables one carries unintentionally under the conditions of 15-20 DEG C.
The seeding and seedling raising is to be seeded into the seed to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally to pour water of revealing the exact details in advance, the filler materials such as filling haydite, vermiculite Seedlings nursing plate in, cover fine earth 0.5-1.0cm, be placed on seedbed and cover sunshade net or straw, remove covering after emergence immediately Object.
To be transplanted when the celery seedling that seedlings nursing plate tires out grows 5-6 piece true leaves, 3-4 days before transplanting stop the transplant planting It only waters, is put into togerther together with seedlings nursing plate in the plantation basket in water surface floating bed, keep line-spacing and spacing in the rows, it is removal weak seedling, sick seedling, dead Seedling ensures that seedlings nursing plate is contacted with the water surface, and contact depth should be identical with the embedded depth of seedling, exposes lobus cardiacus.
The fertilising is with managing to impose suitable urea to the water surface in fine day within 10-15 days after transplant planting, between later Element fertilizer and organic fertilizer were imposed to the water surface every 10-30 days, selenium-supply product was added suitable water in 10-15 days after field planting, fully stirred Mix uniformly, the choosing cloudy day and during fine day afternoon 4 after be sprayed onto on the water surface, interval imposes selenium-supply to the water surface in 10-30 days and produces later Product keep water surface daily cleaning, stop top dressing within 20 days before harvesting, maintain temperature at 15-20 DEG C.
The harvesting selects to harvest listing successively when morning or at dusk cool place fully to expand when petiole.
It is an advantage of the invention that:
The present invention selects mao bamboon, and as floating bed carrier, installation plantation basket is inoculated with cyanobacteria, adds in starch and strain, carry out manufacture life Object floc sedimentation, ultrasonic wave vernalization after seed selection, is seeded into after showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally in seedlings nursing plate, carries out being transplanted to plantation basket when growing 5-6 piece true leaves In, it is managed after field planting, appropriate top dressing and selenium-supply, manages the water surface, harvesting listing.Mao bamboon is at low cost as floating bed carrier, And mao bamboon can be used as adsorbing fiber, adsorb organic matter, place plantation basket, be placed on afterwards together with seedlings nursing plate in basket, root system of plant On the solid filler in seedlings nursing plate of disk, then water body is stretched into, effect can be fixed, it is therefore prevented that the lodging of plant, while filler material It is microorganism carrier, the nitrogen and organic matter that can be adsorbed in degradation water provide nutrient for plant, and cyanobacteria is converted into biological wadding Condensate can promote the harmless treatment and utilization of water body nitrogen, the biological flocculation of formation, ultrasonication seed so that seed Softened, wash by rubbing with the hands and absorbed water with profit, spray selenium-supply product, by the biochemical reactions of plant itself, inorganic selenium sucked and is planted Strain conversion in the body is organic Se accumulation.The present invention passes through infrastructure construction, seed selection vernalization, seeding and seedling raising, transplant planting, fertilising With management, harvesting so that the celery no disease and pests harm of plantation can carry out selenium-supply after edible.
Specific embodiment
A kind of floc sedimentation cycles floating bed cultivation selenium-rich celery cultural method, which is characterized in that including infrastructure construction, seed selection Vernalization, seeding and seedling raising, transplant planting, fertilising and management, harvesting.
The infrastructure construction:Mao bamboon is selected as floating bed carrier, the installation plantation basket on carrier, and plant wherein Plant is planted, is placed on the water surface, discharge outlet and water inlet are set, the bottom is laid with soil and organic matter, cyanobacteria is inoculated with, in 22-38 After being aerated 2-5 days at DEG C, by water inlet water filling, suitable element fertilizer progress rich water is added in after filling water, is added in afterwards suitable When starch and strain, the dissolved oxygen of the water body water body total solid suspended matter in 6-8mg/L, unit to be cultivated is maintained to reach 100- During 500mg/L, you can.
The seed selection vernalization is to select that disease-resistant, heat resistanceheat resistant, petiole be white, heart yellow-white, the kind that quality is tender and crisp, fiber is few, will Seed is immersed in 40-50 DEG C of hot warm water, adds in suitable selenium-supply product, and ultrasonication is soaked seed 20-30 minutes, and taking-up is placed on When seed soaking 24 is small in cold water, washes by rubbing with the hands 2-3 times, after pulling draining out, puddled uniformly with fine sand, wrapped with gauze or wet towel, is placed on The seed of vernalization to 30-50% show money or valuables one carries unintentionally under the conditions of 15-20 DEG C.
The seeding and seedling raising is to be seeded into the seed to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally to pour water of revealing the exact details in advance, the filler materials such as filling haydite, vermiculite Seedlings nursing plate in, cover fine earth 0.5-1.0cm, be placed on seedbed and cover sunshade net or straw, remove covering after emergence immediately Object.
To be transplanted when the celery seedling that seedlings nursing plate tires out grows 5-6 piece true leaves, 3-4 days before transplanting stop the transplant planting It only waters, is put into togerther together with seedlings nursing plate in the plantation basket in water surface floating bed, keep line-spacing and spacing in the rows, it is removal weak seedling, sick seedling, dead Seedling ensures that seedlings nursing plate is contacted with the water surface, and contact depth should be identical with the embedded depth of seedling, exposes lobus cardiacus.
The fertilising is with managing to impose suitable urea to the water surface in fine day within 10-15 days after transplant planting, between later Element fertilizer and organic fertilizer were imposed to the water surface every 10-30 days, selenium-supply product was added suitable water in 10-15 days after field planting, fully stirred Mix uniformly, the choosing cloudy day and during fine day afternoon 4 after be sprayed onto on the water surface, interval imposes selenium-supply to the water surface in 10-30 days and produces later Product keep water surface daily cleaning, stop top dressing within 20 days before harvesting, maintain temperature at 15-20 DEG C.
The harvesting selects to harvest listing successively when morning or at dusk cool place fully to expand when petiole.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of floc sedimentation cycles floating bed cultivation selenium-rich celery cultural method, which is characterized in that is urged including infrastructure construction, seed selection Bud, seeding and seedling raising, transplant planting, fertilising and management, harvesting.
2. a kind of floc sedimentation Xun Huan floating bed cultivation selenium-rich celery cultural method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described Infrastructure construction:Mao bamboon is selected as floating bed carrier, the installation plantation basket on carrier, and planting plants wherein, it places On the water surface, discharge outlet and water inlet are set, the bottom is laid with soil and organic matter, is inoculated with cyanobacteria, 2-5 is aerated at 22-38 DEG C After it, by water inlet water filling, suitable element fertilizer progress rich water is added in after filling water, adds in appropriate starch and bacterium afterwards Kind, the dissolved oxygen of water body is maintained in 6-8mg/L, when cultivating that water body total solid suspended matter reaches 100-500mg/L in unit, i.e., It can.
3. a kind of floc sedimentation Xun Huan floating bed cultivation selenium-rich celery cultural method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described Seed selection vernalization be to select that disease-resistant, heat resistanceheat resistant, petiole be white, heart yellow-white, the kind that quality is tender and crisp, fiber is few, seed is immersed in 40- In 50 DEG C of hot warm water, suitable selenium-supply product is added in, ultrasonication is soaked seed 20-30 minute, is taken out to be placed in cold water and is soaked seed 24 Hour, it washes by rubbing with the hands 2-3 times, after pulling draining out, is puddled uniformly with fine sand, wrapped with gauze or wet towel, is placed under the conditions of 15-20 DEG C The seed of vernalization to 30-50% show money or valuables one carries unintentionally.
4. a kind of floc sedimentation Xun Huan floating bed cultivation selenium-rich celery cultural method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described Seeding and seedling raising be to be seeded into the seed to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally to pour water of revealing the exact details in advance, in the seedlings nursing plate of filler materials such as filling haydite, vermiculite, cover Lid fine earth 0.5-1.0cm is placed on seedbed and covers sunshade net or straw, removes covering after emergence immediately.
5. a kind of floc sedimentation Xun Huan floating bed cultivation selenium-rich celery cultural method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described Transplant planting to be transplanted when the celery seedling that seedlings nursing plate tires out grows 5-6 piece true leaves, stop watering within 3-4 days before transplanting, together with Seedlings nursing plate is put into togerther in the plantation basket in water surface floating bed, keeps line-spacing and spacing in the rows, and removal weak seedling, sick seedling, dead seedling ensure nursery Disk is contacted with the water surface, and contact depth should be identical with the embedded depth of seedling, exposes lobus cardiacus.
6. a kind of floc sedimentation Xun Huan floating bed cultivation selenium-rich celery cultural method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described Fertilising with management to impose suitable urea to the water surface in fine day within 10-15 days after transplant planting, be spaced 10-30 days later to water Face imposes element fertilizer and organic fertilizer, selenium-supply product was added suitable water in 10-15 days after field planting, stirred, the choosing cloudy day With during fine day afternoon 4 after be sprayed onto on the water surface, interval imposes selenium-supply product in 10-30 days to the water surface later, holding water surface day Often cleaning stops top dressing in 20 days before harvesting, maintains temperature at 15-20 DEG C.
7. a kind of floc sedimentation Xun Huan floating bed cultivation selenium-rich celery cultural method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described Harvesting be fully to expand when petiole, select morning or it is shady and cool at dusk when harvest listing successively.
CN201711137424.2A 2017-11-16 2017-11-16 A kind of floc sedimentation cycles floating bed cultivation selenium-rich celery cultural method CN108040778A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110178658A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-08-30 南京大学 A kind of method of Chinese celery floating bed over summering

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101084720A (en) * 2007-07-13 2007-12-12 浙江大学 Method for cultivating celery containing iodine
CN101148292A (en) * 2007-09-06 2008-03-26 浙江大学 Method for treating eutrophication water body by waterborne cultivated plant
CN104926431A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-09-23 马鞍山市怡和园农业发展有限公司 Special fertilizer and method for cultivating environment-friendly selenium-rich celery
CN106233954A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-21 桐城市牯牛背农业开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Herba Oenanthes Javanicae
CN107197689A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-09-26 合肥仙之峰农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method of selenium-rich okra

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101084720A (en) * 2007-07-13 2007-12-12 浙江大学 Method for cultivating celery containing iodine
CN101148292A (en) * 2007-09-06 2008-03-26 浙江大学 Method for treating eutrophication water body by waterborne cultivated plant
CN104926431A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-09-23 马鞍山市怡和园农业发展有限公司 Special fertilizer and method for cultivating environment-friendly selenium-rich celery
CN106233954A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-21 桐城市牯牛背农业开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Herba Oenanthes Javanicae
CN107197689A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-09-26 合肥仙之峰农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method of selenium-rich okra

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110178658A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-08-30 南京大学 A kind of method of Chinese celery floating bed over summering

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