CN108029379A - A kind of salt-soda soil crop rhizosphere soils oxygen automatic update system - Google Patents

A kind of salt-soda soil crop rhizosphere soils oxygen automatic update system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108029379A
CN108029379A CN201711148317.XA CN201711148317A CN108029379A CN 108029379 A CN108029379 A CN 108029379A CN 201711148317 A CN201711148317 A CN 201711148317A CN 108029379 A CN108029379 A CN 108029379A
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China
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wind direction
salt
stem
soda soil
direction venthole
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CN201711148317.XA
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CN108029379B (en
Inventor
王全九
张继红
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Xian University of Technology
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Xian University of Technology
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of salt-soda soil crop rhizosphere soils oxygen automatic update system, including wind direction venthole, stem wind direction venthole and underground rat hole passage, each stem wind direction venthole is corresponding in turn to multiple wind direction ventholes, wind direction venthole and stem wind direction venthole are angularly got through down in 45 degree, it is connected with underground rat hole passage, each underground rat hole channel end is communicated to gutter.Stem wind direction venthole, wind direction venthole are integrally connected with underground rat hole passage, it can realize and salt-soda soil elution salt discharge and crop rhizosphere soils oxygen are automatically updated, it is cheap, realize the comprehensive regulation to salt-soda soil, oxygenation effect is good, secondary pollution will not be caused, improves agroecological environment.

Description

A kind of salt-soda soil crop rhizosphere soils oxygen automatic update system
Technical field
The invention belongs to alkaline land improving field, is related to a kind of salt-soda soil crop rhizosphere soils oxygen automatic update system.
Background technology
Salinization of soil problem has become the important content under global change research due frame.Newest research shows, not Come global soil salinization of soil show as regionality highlight aggravate with globalization and deposit, moisten subhumid Secondary Saline with it is arid Area semiarid region salt-soda soil and deposit, local salinization of soil slows down and aggravates and deposits, New technical use is promoted and old field management system And the feature such as deposit.China, using substantial amounts of research has been carried out, has gradually formed 8 big systems 40 to Saline-alkali Field Control and agricultural high-effiency The multinomial practical technique utilized suitable for Saline-alkali Field Control with agricultural high-effiency.However, in numerous systems and practical technique, for Improve salt-soda soil aeration, improve salt-soda soil crop rhizosphere soils dissolved oxygen amount, do not obtain the enough attention of people.
Soil aeration is most important to the normal growth and development of crop, due to containing substantial amounts of salinity in alkaline land soil Ion, the concentration of the soil liquid is higher, is easy to cause the oxyty of soil and reduces, oxygen in soil concentration can cause root when reducing Area's Hypoxia Stress, and then influence the normal physiological metabolism of crop and growth and development.
Current improvement salt-soda soil aeration, increases the method for soil dissolved oxygen amount, and the main reinforcement cultivation management that includes is ploughed deeply Improve the soil and irrigated with oxygenation.Strengthen farming, ploughing deeply to improve the soil needs to put into substantial amounts of man power and material, and occurs mainly in crop and broadcast Before kind, for the aeration of breeding time salt-soda soil crop root, tend not to effectively play a role.It is mainly machine that oxygenation, which is irrigated, Tool ventilation oxygenation, chemical enhancement mechanical ventilation oxygenation are to be ventilated using air compressor to irrigation soils, high energy consumption, investment Cost is big, and post facility maintenance and maintenance cost are high;Chemical enhancement is to carry out oxygenation using chemical reagent such as hydrogen peroxide, often Oxygenation effect is not notable, and certain pollution can be caused to water source and soil.
The content of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of salt-soda soil crop rhizosphere soils oxygen automatic update system, solves existing skill Chemical enhancement effect is not notable in art, and the problem of can be polluted to water source and soil.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is a kind of salt-soda soil crop rhizosphere soils oxygen automatic update system, including Wind direction venthole, stem wind direction venthole and underground rat hole passage, each stem wind direction venthole are corresponding in turn to multiple wind directions and lead to Stomata, wind direction venthole and stem wind direction venthole are angularly got through down in 45 degree, are connected with underground rat hole passage, each Lower rat hole channel end is communicated to gutter.
The features of the present invention also resides in,
The depth of underground rat hole passage is 70-85cm.
The aperture of wind direction venthole is 8-12cm, at intervals of 15-25m between adjacent wind direction venthole.
Stem wind direction venthole aperture is 15-25cm.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structure diagram of salt-soda soil crop rhizosphere soils oxygen automatic update system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of field Butut of salt-soda soil crop rhizosphere soils oxygen automatic update system of the present invention.
In figure, 1. Irrigation Channels, 2. gutters, 3. control doors, 4. underground rat hole passages, 5. wind direction ventholes, 6. stems Ventilation pipe, 7. stem wind direction ventholes, 8. ventilation fans.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
A kind of salt-soda soil crop rhizosphere soils oxygen automatic update system structure of the present invention is as shown in Figure 1, including wind direction Venthole 5, stem wind direction venthole 7 and underground rat hole passage 4, each stem wind direction venthole 7 are corresponding in turn to multiple wind directions and lead to Stomata 5, wind direction venthole 5 and stem wind direction venthole 7 are angularly got through down in 45 degree, are connected with underground rat hole passage 4, often A 4 end of underground rat hole passage is communicated to gutter 2.
The depth of underground rat hole passage 4 is 70-85cm.
The aperture of wind direction venthole 5 is 8-12cm, at intervals of 15-25m between adjacent wind direction venthole.
The aperture of stem wind direction venthole 7 is 15-25cm.
The top of stem wind direction venthole 7 is also associated with stem ventilation pipe 6, and 6 opening of stem ventilation pipe is also associated with Ventilation fan 8.
A kind of salt-soda soil crop rhizosphere soils oxygen automatic update system provided by the invention, it is as follows specifically to apply mode:
Step 1, in the intermembranous of field crop, the underground rat hole passage 4 that a depth is 70-85cm is got through, is allowed to and arranges Ditch 2 is connected;
Step 2, wind direction ventilation is got through in 45 degree of angles obliquely in the position directly above of underground rat hole passage 4 using card punch Hole 5, until being connected with underground rat hole passage 4;
Step 3, stem wind direction is beaten in 45 degree of angles in the stem of each underground rat hole passage 4 obliquely using card punch and led to Stomata 7, and stem ventilation pipe 6 is installed above stem wind direction venthole 7;
Step 4, ventilation fan 8 is installed in 7 opening of stem ventilation pipe.
As shown in Fig. 2, when irrigation or rainy day, irrigation water enters crop field from irrigation canal 1, to salt-soda soil root zone salinity Carry out entering Fossorial rodents hole passage 4 after sufficiently eluting, gutter 2 is flowed into along 4 direction of underground rat hole passage, finally from row The control door 4 in ditch 2 flows into next stage drainage system, smoothly takes away salinity from the root zone of salt-soda soil.
When not draining, air flows into underground rat hole passage 4 from wind direction venthole 5, with salt-soda soil lower soil into promoting the circulation of qi Body exchanges, and crop root is transported to from crop field depths by fresh oxygen, and the oxygen of abundance is provided for crop root, is there is wind In the case of, stem ventilation fan 8 rotates rapidly, negative pressure is internally formed in rat hole, by large quantity of air from stem ventilation pipe 6 and wind Sucked to venthole 5 in underground rat hole passage 4, strengthen salt-soda soil lower soil oxygen automatically updates speed.
From the above mentioned, the present invention, which can realize, automatically updates salt-soda soil elution salt discharge and crop rhizosphere soils oxygen, Construction is simple, it is cheap, realize the comprehensive regulation to salt-soda soil, improve agroecological environment.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of salt-soda soil crop rhizosphere soils oxygen automatic update system, it is characterised in that including wind direction venthole (5), head Portion's wind direction venthole (7) and underground rat hole passage (4), each stem wind direction venthole (7) are corresponding in turn to multiple wind directions and lead to Stomata (5), the wind direction venthole (5) and stem wind direction venthole (7) are angularly got through down and are led to underground rat hole in 45 degree Road (4) is connected, and each underground rat hole passage (4) end is communicated to gutter (2).
A kind of 2. salt-soda soil crop rhizosphere soils oxygen automatic update system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that institute It is 70-85cm to state underground rat hole passage (4) depth.
A kind of 3. salt-soda soil crop rhizosphere soils oxygen automatic update system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that institute It is 8-12cm to state wind direction venthole (5) aperture, at intervals of 15-25m between adjacent wind direction venthole (5).
A kind of 4. salt-soda soil crop rhizosphere soils oxygen automatic update system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that institute It is 15-25cm to state stem wind direction venthole (5) aperture.
A kind of 5. salt-soda soil crop rhizosphere soils oxygen automatic update system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that institute State and be also associated with stem ventilation pipe (6) above stem wind direction venthole (7), stem ventilation pipe (6) opening also connects It is connected to ventilation fan (8).
CN201711148317.XA 2017-11-17 2017-11-17 Automatic oxygen updating system for rhizosphere soil of crops in saline-alkali soil Active CN108029379B (en)

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CN201711148317.XA CN108029379B (en) 2017-11-17 2017-11-17 Automatic oxygen updating system for rhizosphere soil of crops in saline-alkali soil

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711148317.XA CN108029379B (en) 2017-11-17 2017-11-17 Automatic oxygen updating system for rhizosphere soil of crops in saline-alkali soil

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CN108029379A true CN108029379A (en) 2018-05-15
CN108029379B CN108029379B (en) 2020-06-26

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110214611A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-09-10 西安理工大学 A kind of salt marsh irrigated area accelerates the device of farmland aqueous vapor thermal cycle using hidden pipe
CN110295584A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-10-01 西安理工大学 A kind of device for promoting the exchange of Water in Shallow Groundwater Areas soil gas and updating
CN111937641A (en) * 2020-08-14 2020-11-17 福建省欣硕景观绿化有限公司 Composite building house

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CN203327636U (en) * 2013-06-17 2013-12-11 刘立功 Green house air circulation device capable of preventing water and soil pollution
CN205611333U (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-10-05 童杨益 Flowers basin with oxygen suppliment function
CN205681963U (en) * 2016-06-04 2016-11-16 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 The salt-soda soil arbor antibacterial pattern of farming of ventilation
CN106342656A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-01-25 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Film mulching and drip irrigation method for saline-alkali land in Yellow-river irrigated region
CN106818416A (en) * 2016-10-18 2017-06-13 梁彦云 A kind of monitoring system of the liquid manure one drip irrigation technique based on Internet of Things
CN107173094A (en) * 2017-05-14 2017-09-19 甘肃省农业工程技术研究院 A kind of warmhouse booth yellow sand substrate grooves and cultural method
CN107311755A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-11-03 山东农业大学 A kind of long-acting special fertilizer of raising salt-soda soil salt tolerance of crop and preparation method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201567556U (en) * 2009-11-27 2010-09-01 宁夏农林科学院 Daylight greenhouse concealed pipe salt discharge device
CN102550159A (en) * 2011-10-21 2012-07-11 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 Method and system for controlling salt of saline-alkali soil
CN102550159B (en) * 2011-10-21 2014-06-11 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 Method and system for controlling salt of saline-alkali soil
CN103098661A (en) * 2013-01-31 2013-05-15 河海大学 Automatic oxygen therapy crop waterlogging reduction device based on farmland water level
CN103098661B (en) * 2013-01-31 2015-07-29 河海大学 A kind of automatic oxygen based on farmland water level alleviates the device of crop stain evil
CN203327636U (en) * 2013-06-17 2013-12-11 刘立功 Green house air circulation device capable of preventing water and soil pollution
CN205611333U (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-10-05 童杨益 Flowers basin with oxygen suppliment function
CN205681963U (en) * 2016-06-04 2016-11-16 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 The salt-soda soil arbor antibacterial pattern of farming of ventilation
CN106342656A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-01-25 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Film mulching and drip irrigation method for saline-alkali land in Yellow-river irrigated region
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CN107173094A (en) * 2017-05-14 2017-09-19 甘肃省农业工程技术研究院 A kind of warmhouse booth yellow sand substrate grooves and cultural method
CN107311755A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-11-03 山东农业大学 A kind of long-acting special fertilizer of raising salt-soda soil salt tolerance of crop and preparation method thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110214611A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-09-10 西安理工大学 A kind of salt marsh irrigated area accelerates the device of farmland aqueous vapor thermal cycle using hidden pipe
CN110295584A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-10-01 西安理工大学 A kind of device for promoting the exchange of Water in Shallow Groundwater Areas soil gas and updating
CN110214611B (en) * 2019-06-25 2021-08-06 西安理工大学 Device for accelerating water-gas thermal cycle of farmland by utilizing concealed pipe in salinized irrigation area
CN111937641A (en) * 2020-08-14 2020-11-17 福建省欣硕景观绿化有限公司 Composite building house

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