CN108023058B - Full-automatic processing system for processing battery tab on battery cover plate - Google Patents

Full-automatic processing system for processing battery tab on battery cover plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108023058B
CN108023058B CN201711229866.XA CN201711229866A CN108023058B CN 108023058 B CN108023058 B CN 108023058B CN 201711229866 A CN201711229866 A CN 201711229866A CN 108023058 B CN108023058 B CN 108023058B
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China
Prior art keywords
battery
cylinder
cover plate
processing
rotary
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CN201711229866.XA
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CN108023058A (en
Inventor
叶祖福
韩小平
李斌
赵云
周善青
荣晶
吴苶
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Huagong Farley Cutting and Welding System Engineering Co Ltd
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Huagong Farley Cutting and Welding System Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201711229866.XA priority Critical patent/CN108023058B/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/02Electrodes composed of, or comprising, active material
    • H01M4/04Processes of manufacture in general
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M50/00Constructional details or processes of manufacture of the non-active parts of electrochemical cells other than fuel cells, e.g. hybrid cells
    • H01M50/50Current conducting connections for cells or batteries
    • H01M50/531Electrode connections inside a battery casing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries

Abstract

The invention provides a full-automatic processing system for processing a battery tab on a battery cover plate, which comprises a machine base, a battery cover plate feeding device, a battery tab feeding and assembling device, a rotary device, a welding device, a cleaning device, a detection device, a film pasting device and a discharging device, wherein the battery cover plate feeding device comprises a conveying belt and a feeding mechanism, the battery tab feeding and assembling device comprises two discharging piles, two pushing mechanisms and two cam shaft turning mechanisms, the rotary device comprises a rotary motor and a multi-index rotary cylinder, an output shaft of the rotary motor is connected with the rotary cylinder, each index of the rotary cylinder is provided with a concave platform, the welding device, the cleaning device, the detection device and the film pasting device are all positioned around the rotary cylinder, and the discharging device comprises a discharging belt and a discharging mechanism. The invention conveys materials and then assembles the materials, thereby ensuring the assembly quality; the structure is highly integrated, the processing is convenient, and the processing efficiency can be effectively improved.

Description

Full-automatic processing system for processing battery tab on battery cover plate
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of new energy battery processing and manufacturing, in particular to a full-automatic processing system for processing battery tabs on a battery cover plate.
Background
In order to improve the processing efficiency of new energy batteries such as large-batch lithium batteries, a large number of automatic battery welding production devices appear at the present stage, and the automatic battery welding production devices are mainly used for welding a battery pole piece or a pole lug on a battery cover plate. The battery welding equipment mainly solves the problems of low feeding efficiency and poor welding quality of traditional manual assembly, mainly structurally comprises a clamping device, a feeding device and a welding device, wherein the clamping device is used for fixing an electric core or a battery body. The prior art can solve the problems of low production efficiency and poor welding quality to a certain extent, however, the method of integrally assembling and then processing is adopted, and the electrode processing has a plurality of procedures of feeding, welding, cleaning, film pasting, blanking and the like, so that a plurality of independent functional mechanisms are arranged in the electrode processing, and the whole equipment is large; in addition, because each part of the battery is assembled firstly and then conveyed, the movement condition of the conveying device during conveying the battery easily influences the assembling quality, and then the quality of the battery cover plate is reduced, or the transportation cost is increased.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a full-automatic processing system for processing a battery tab on a battery cover plate, and aims to solve the problems that the existing battery welding equipment is assembled and then conveyed to affect the assembling quality, and functional mechanisms are dispersed and the whole structure is too bulky.
The invention is realized by the following steps:
the invention provides a full-automatic processing system for processing a battery tab on a battery cover plate, which comprises a machine base, wherein a battery cover plate feeding device, a battery tab feeding and assembling device, a rotating device, a welding device, a cleaning device, a detection device, a film sticking device and a discharging device are arranged on the machine base, the battery cover plate feeding device comprises a conveying belt and a feeding mechanism, the battery tab feeding and assembling device comprises two discharging piles, two pushing mechanisms respectively corresponding to the two discharging piles and two cam shaft material turning mechanisms respectively corresponding to the two discharging piles, the rotating device comprises a rotating motor and a multi-index rotating cylinder, an output shaft of the rotating motor is connected with the rotating cylinder, a concave platform is arranged on each index of the rotating cylinder, and the welding device, the cleaning device, the detection device and the film sticking device are all positioned around the rotating cylinder, the blanking device comprises a blanking belt and a blanking mechanism.
Further, feed mechanism includes revolving cylinder, sharp cylinder and material loading pressure head, sharp cylinder set up in revolving cylinder's expansion end, the material loading pressure head set up in sharp cylinder's expansion end, be provided with vacuum chuck on the material loading pressure head.
Furthermore, a slender discharge hole is formed in one side, facing the cam shaft material turning mechanism, of the bottom of the material discharging pile, and a graduated scale and a manual lifting plate are arranged on the material discharging pile.
Further, the camshaft stirring mechanism comprises a support, a propelling cylinder, a push rod, a pneumatic claw cylinder and a movable hinge rod, wherein the pushing head of the propelling cylinder faces the push rod, the push rod is connected with the pneumatic claw cylinder, a pneumatic claw is fixed on the pneumatic claw cylinder, the movable hinge rod is provided with two parts which are respectively fixed with two sides of the push rod, a sliding wheel is arranged on one side of the movable hinge rod, two cam track grooves are respectively arranged on two sides of the support, the sliding wheel is located in the cam track grooves, a fulcrum shaft fixed with the support is arranged below the cam track grooves, a sliding groove is formed in the center of the movable hinge rod, and the fulcrum shaft is located in the sliding groove.
Furthermore, the spring hook comprises a hook and a torsion spring, the hook is rotatably connected with the rotary cylinder through a rotating shaft, the torsion spring is sleeved on the rotating shaft, the tail end of the hook protrudes into the concave platform, and the top of the hook is provided with an inclined surface.
Further, welding set includes welding frame, triaxial module and laser welder head, the triaxial module is installed on the welding base, the laser welder head is installed on the triaxial module.
Further, the pad pasting device includes the pad pasting frame, draws the membrane module, cuts the membrane module and send the membrane module, draw the membrane module cut the membrane module and send the membrane module all to be located just set gradually along the motion path of diaphragm in the pad pasting frame, draw the membrane module to include at least a set of on-stick gyro wheel, every group on-stick gyro wheel has two and sets up relatively, the diaphragm clamp is located two between the on-stick gyro wheel, cut the membrane module including moving blade, many cylinders, fixed block and movable block, moving blade with many cylinders drive connection that moves, the fixed block with the movable block sets up relatively, the movable block orientation the one end of fixed block is equipped with the sucking disc, it includes curve track groove and drive to send the membrane module the movable block is followed the actuating mechanism of curve track groove motion.
Further, actuating mechanism is including promoting cylinder, bent arm connecting rod and pad pasting connecting rod, the pad pasting connecting rod with the movable block dorsad one side of sucking disc is connected, the straight line groove has been seted up at the middle part of pad pasting connecting rod, it is provided with a fixed roller to slide in the straight line groove, fixed roller with the pad pasting frame is fixed, the pad pasting connecting rod is close to the slip gyro wheel is installed to one side of movable block, the slip gyro wheel set up in curve orbit inslot, the one end of bent arm connecting rod articulate in on the pad pasting connecting rod, the other end install in promote cylinder's expansion end.
Further, unloading mechanism includes revolving cylinder, jacking and unloading top, the jacking set up in revolving cylinder's expansion end, the unloading top set up in the expansion end of jacking, the top both sides of unloading top are equipped with the projection.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
according to the full-automatic processing system for processing the battery tabs on the battery cover plate, the battery cover plate to be welded and two types of battery tabs are firstly conveyed to a station to be welded step by step for assembly, and then laser welding is carried out, so that the condition that after the assembly is finished, the conveying motion affects the assembly quality is avoided; the sunken platform of each graduation of revolving drum all can regard as the processing station, once only can process a large amount of battery apron, and each functional mechanism distributes around the revolving drum and all sets up on same frame, and overall structure is compact, and it is rotatory to drive the revolving drum through the motor, realizes the disposable continuous processing of processes such as material loading, assembly, welding, cleanness, quality detection, pad pasting, unloading, and the structure height is integrated, and processing is convenient, can effectively improve machining efficiency.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic overall structure diagram of a full-automatic processing system for processing a battery tab on a battery cover plate according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a discharging pile and a pushing mechanism provided in the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a camshaft upender provided in an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 4 is a side view of a reversing structure of a camshaft upender mechanism provided by an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a turning device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of a rotary drum according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic cross-sectional structural view of a rotary drum, a feeding mechanism and a discharging mechanism provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a film sticking device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals: 100-machine base, 200-battery cover plate feeding device, 201-feeding pressure head, 202-vacuum chuck, 300-battery tab feeding and assembling device, 301-discharging pile, 302-discharging hole, 303-manual lifting plate, 304-battery tab, 305-pushing block, 306-pushing cylinder, 307-pushing cylinder, 308-pushing rod, 309-air claw cylinder, 310-air claw, 311-movable hinge rod, 312-cam track groove, 313-fulcrum shaft, 400-rotary device, 401-fixing plate, 402-rotary motor, 403-rotary cylinder, 404-concave platform, 405-ejecting pin, 406-cylindrical hole, 407-ejecting spring, 408-screw sleeve, 409-spring hook, 410-torsion spring loading device, 409-spring hook, 411-clamping hook, 412-inclined plane, 413-battery cover plate, 500-welding device, 600-cleaning device, 700-detection device, 800-film pasting device, 801-film pasting rack, 802-film roll, 803-driving motor, 804-supporting round bar, 805-non-stick roller, 806-multi-displacement cylinder, 807-moving blade, 808-fixed block, 809-movable block, 810-sucking disc, 811-film pasting connecting rod, 812-fixed roller, 813-curve track groove, 814-sliding roller, 815-curved arm connecting rod, 816-pushing cylinder, 817-supporting rod, 818-roller, 900-blanking device, 901-blanking top head and 902-convex column.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1, an embodiment of the present invention provides a full-automatic processing system for processing a battery tab on a battery cover plate, including a machine base 100, where the machine base 100 is provided with a battery cover plate feeding device 200, a battery tab feeding and assembling device 300, a rotary device 400, a welding device 500, a cleaning device 600, a detection device 700, a film pasting device 800, and a discharging device 900, the battery cover plate feeding device 200 includes a conveying belt and a feeding mechanism, the battery tab feeding and assembling device 300 includes two discharging piles 301, two material pushing mechanisms respectively corresponding to the two discharging piles 301, and two camshaft material turning mechanisms respectively corresponding to the two discharging piles 301, the rotary device 400 includes a rotary motor 402 and a multi-index rotary drum 403, an output shaft of the rotary motor 402 is connected to the rotary drum 403, each index of the rotary drum 403 is provided with a concave platform 404, the welding device 500, the cleaning device 600, the detection device 700 and the film sticking device 800 are all located around the rotary drum 403, and the blanking device 900 comprises a blanking belt and a blanking mechanism. The system firstly conveys a battery cover plate to be welded and two battery lugs to a station to be welded step by step for splicing, and then carries out laser welding, so that the influence of conveying motion on the splicing quality after the splicing is avoided; the sunken platform 404 of each graduation of revolving drum 403 all can regard as the processing station, and each functional mechanism distributes around revolving drum 403, and overall structure is compact, drives revolving drum 403 through the motor and rotates, realizes the disposable continuous processing of processes such as material loading, assembly, welding, cleanness, quality testing, pad pasting, unloading, and the structure is highly integrated, and processing is convenient, can effectively improve machining efficiency.
As shown in fig. 7, the above embodiment is refined, the feeding mechanism includes a rotary cylinder, a linear cylinder and a feeding pressure head 201, the rotary cylinder is movably hinged in the brackets at two sides of the machine base 100, the linear cylinder is arranged at the movable end of the rotary cylinder, the feeding pressure head 201 is arranged at the movable end of the linear cylinder, and the feeding pressure head 201 is provided with a vacuum chuck 202. The conveyor belt width is set to just accommodate the passage of one battery cover 413. The work engineering of the feeding device is as follows: put into the conveyer belt with battery apron 413 in proper order on, when battery apron 413 was sensed to the sensor at the assigned position, the revolving cylinder started, and a piece of battery apron 413 was inhaled to vacuum chuck 202, and revolving cylinder drives the upset of sharp cylinder, carries battery apron 413 to the assigned position, and the original way returns and carries out the transport next time afterwards.
As shown in fig. 2 to 4, further, the battery tab feeding and assembling device 300 is used for feeding and installing the battery tab 304 on the battery cover plate 413, wherein the battery tab 304 comprises a copper sheet and an aluminum sheet, the copper sheet needs two sheets each time, the aluminum sheet needs one sheet each time, and one of the two discharging piles 301 is used for placing the copper sheet, and the other is used for placing the aluminum sheet. The bottom of the discharging pile 301 faces one side of the camshaft material turning mechanism and is provided with a slender discharging hole 302, and the discharging pile 301 is provided with a graduated scale and a manual lifting plate 303 for adjusting the aperture width of the discharging hole 302. The material pushing mechanism comprises a material pushing block 305 and a material pushing cylinder 306, and the material pushing cylinder 306 drives the material pushing block 305 to push out the battery tab 304 in the material discharging pile 301. Further, the camshaft material turning mechanism comprises a support, a propelling cylinder 307, a push rod 308, a pneumatic claw cylinder 309 and a movable hinge rod 311, wherein a pushing head of the propelling cylinder 307 faces the push rod 308, the push rod 308 is connected with the pneumatic claw cylinder 309, a pneumatic claw 310 is fixed on the pneumatic claw cylinder 309, the movable hinge rod 311 is provided with two parts which are respectively fixed with two sides of the push rod 308, a sliding wheel is arranged on one side of the movable hinge rod 311, two sides of the support are respectively provided with a cam track groove 312, the sliding wheel is located in the cam track groove 312, a fulcrum shaft 313 fixed with the support is arranged below the cam track groove 312, a sliding groove is formed in the center of the movable hinge rod 311, and the fulcrum shaft 313 is located in the sliding groove. Through the structure, the push rod 308 can be reversed by 180 degrees at the convex arc section in the cam track groove 312, and then the battery tab 304 can be turned, loaded and assembled in a narrow space. The working process of the battery tab feeding and assembling device 300 is as follows: initial position: the material pushing block 305 is started, the battery tab 304 is pushed into the corresponding gas claw 310, and the gas claw cylinder 309 drives the gas claw 310 to clamp the battery tab 304; the propulsion cylinder 307 is started to drive the push rod 308 to advance along the cam track motion groove and turn over until the battery tab 304 is placed at a designated position; the air claw 310 is released, and the air cylinder 307 is pushed to drive the push rod 308 to return.
As shown in fig. 5 and 6, the rotating device 400 further includes a fixing base, the fixing base includes two fixing plates 401 disposed oppositely, the rotating motor 402 is mounted on the outer side of one of the fixing plates 401, the rotating drum 403 is mounted between the two fixing plates 401, one end of the rotating drum 403 is provided with a fixing hole, the other end is provided with a protruding shaft, an output shaft of the rotating motor 402 passes through the corresponding fixing plate 401 and extends into the fixing hole of the rotating drum 403 and is fixed with the rotating drum 403, and the protruding shaft passes through the fixing plate 401 on the other side and is rotatably connected with the fixing plate 401. Each graduation of the rotary drum 403 is provided with a concave platform 404, the concave platform 404 is used for placing a battery cover plate 413 to be processed, and the length of the concave platform 404 is equal to that of the battery cover plate 413 to be processed, so that the positioning is convenient. Two cylindrical holes 406 are further concavely arranged in the center of the sunken platform 404, an ejection spring 407 is arranged at the bottom of each cylindrical hole 406, an ejection pin 405 is supported at the top of each ejection spring 407, the ejection pin 405 can protrude into the sunken platform 404 under the elastic force of the ejection spring 407 and is used for supporting a battery cover plate 413 to be processed, a threaded sleeve 408 for stopping the ejection pin 405 is arranged at the top of each cylindrical hole 406, the threaded sleeve 408 is used for preventing the ejection pin 405 from falling out of the cylindrical holes 406, two spring hooks 409 are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the sunken platform 404, the spring hooks 409 are used for hooking the end parts of the battery cover plate 413 to position the battery cover plate, and the battery cover plate 413 can be firmly fixed in the sunken platform 404 through the matching of the ejection pin 405 and the spring hooks 409. Eight indexing sunken platforms 404 of revolving drum 403 all can regard as the processing station, and each processing unit distributes around revolving drum 403, and overall structure is compact, drives revolving drum 403 through the motor and rotates, realizes the disposable continuous processing of processes such as material loading, assembly, welding, cleanness, quality testing, pad pasting, unloading, and the structure is highly integrated, and processing is convenient, can effectively improve machining efficiency.
As shown in fig. 6, in the above embodiment, the screw sleeve 408 is located at the top of the cylindrical hole 406, the periphery of the screw sleeve is attached to the inner wall of the cylindrical hole 406, a stop ring is extended from the top of the screw sleeve to the middle of the screw sleeve, a baffle is arranged at the bottom of the ejector pin 405, the ejector pin 405 passes through the stop ring, and the baffle is stopped by the stop ring. The baffle slides up and down in the screw sleeve 408, and is preferably circular and has a diameter equal to the diameter of the inner hole of the screw sleeve 408, so that the movement of the ejector pin 405 is more stable.
As shown in fig. 7, the structure of the spring hook 409 is further refined, the spring hook 409 includes a hook 411 and a torsion spring 410, the hook 411 is rotatably connected to the rotary drum 403 through a rotating shaft, the torsion spring 410 is sleeved on the rotating shaft, and the hook 411 can be conveniently spread under the elastic action of the torsion spring 410, so that the hook 411 can be automatically restored to a hook state. Preferably, the end of the hook 411 protrudes into the recessed platform 404, so as to conveniently hook the end of the battery cover 413 located in the recessed platform 404, the top of the hook 411 is provided with an inclined surface 412, and the hook 411 can be automatically opened by squeezing the inclined surface 412, so as to conveniently feed and discharge materials.
During feeding, the vacuum chuck 202 sucks the battery cover plate 413, the feeding cylinder presses down the feeding pressure head 201, two ends of the battery cover plate 413 contact the inclined surface 412 of the clamping hook 411, the clamping hooks 411 at two ends are spread while pressing down, and after the battery cover plate 413 enters the concave platform 404, the clamping hook 411 automatically resets under the action of the torsion spring 410, so that the top end of the battery cover plate 413 is hooked. Meanwhile, the ejecting pin 405 supports the battery cover 413 upward under the action of the ejecting spring 407, so that the battery cover 413 is fixed in the concave platform 404 of the rotary drum 403 under the combined action of the hook 411 and the ejecting pin 405.
Further, welding set 500 includes welding frame 100, triaxial module, laser welder head and pressure frame, the triaxial module is installed on the welding base, the laser welder head is installed on the Z axle of triaxial module, after battery cover plate 413 and battery utmost point ear 304 are assembled, compress tightly battery utmost point ear 304 on battery cover plate 413 through pressing the frame, the laser welder head light-emitting welds the work piece according to appointed route and orbit, and after the welding was accomplished, the pressure frame unclamped.
The sweeping device 600 includes a brush and a brush driving mechanism for driving the brush, and the brush driving mechanism adopts a linear cylinder or other driving forms. After welding, the rotary drum 403 rotates by an index, the cleaning device 600 is started, a group of brushes advance to the welded workpiece under the action of the driving mechanism, the brushes are started to quickly clean welding slag and the like on the workpiece, and then the brushes return to the original path.
The monitoring device comprises a CCD camera, after cleaning is completed, the rotary drum 403 rotates for one graduation again, the detection device 700 is started at the moment, the CCD camera shoots the workpiece, and the workpiece is compared with system data for analysis, and whether the workpiece is qualified is judged. If the workpiece is not qualified, the serial number of the unqualified workpiece is recorded and transmitted to the control system.
As shown in fig. 8, the structure of the film sticking device 800 is refined, the film sticking device 800 includes a film sticking frame 801, a film pulling assembly, a film cutting assembly and a film feeding assembly, and the film pulling assembly, the film cutting assembly and the film feeding assembly are all located on the film sticking frame 801 and are sequentially arranged along the movement path of the film.
The film pulling assembly comprises two groups of four non-stick rollers 805, the two non-stick rollers 805 in each group are arranged oppositely, the film is clamped between the two non-stick rollers 805 in each group and is transmitted through rolling of the non-stick rollers 805, the two groups of non-stick rollers 805 are arranged side by side along the moving direction of the film, and the film sequentially passes through the two groups of non-stick rollers 805, so that the film is transmitted more stably. The non-stick roller 805 is driven to rotate by a driving device, so that the film is conveyed. The driving device for the rollers is refined, a supporting round rod 804 is fixed in the center of each non-stick roller 805, a pair of meshing gears is arranged between every two adjacent supporting round rods 804, so that the four supporting round rods 804 can rotate synchronously, multi-rod transmission is achieved, when the driving device works, only one of the supporting round rods 804 needs to be driven to rotate, other supporting round rods 804 can be driven to rotate synchronously, and each non-stick roller 805 rotates along with the corresponding supporting round rod 804, so that film transmission is achieved. As one embodiment, the film drawing assembly further comprises a driving motor 803, an output shaft of the driving motor 803 is connected with one of the supporting round rods 804, and the driving motor 803 drives the supporting round rod 804 to rotate, so as to drive the other supporting round rods 804 to synchronously rotate, thereby realizing automatic film feeding. As another implementation mode, a hand lever is arranged on one of the supporting round rods 804, and the hand lever rotates to drive the supporting round rod 804 to rotate, so as to drive the other supporting round rods 804 to rotate synchronously.
The film cutting assembly comprises a moving blade 807, a multi-displacement air cylinder 806, a fixed block 808 and a movable block 809, wherein the moving blade 807 is in driving connection with the multi-displacement air cylinder 806, and the multi-displacement air cylinder 806 drives the moving blade 807 to move so as to cut the film. The fixed block 808 and the movable block 809 are arranged oppositely, and one end of the movable block 809 facing the fixed block 808 is provided with a suction cup 810. After the membrane is pulled out by the membrane pulling assembly, the tail end of the membrane is clamped between the fixed block 808 and the movable block 809, wherein the non-adhesive side of the membrane is adsorbed on the sucking disc 810, and then the moving blade 807 cuts the membrane according to a set length under the driving action of the multi-displacement cylinder 806, so that automatic membrane cutting is realized.
The film feeding assembly comprises a curved track groove 813 and a driving mechanism for driving the movable block 809 to move along the curved track groove 813, wherein the curved track groove 813 is designed according to the requirement of a film sticking path and can be adjusted according to the requirement of an actual path. The driving mechanism is further refined and comprises a pushing cylinder 816, a crank arm connecting rod 815 and a film sticking connecting rod 811, the film sticking connecting rod 811 is connected with one side, back to the sucker 810, of the movable block 809, a linear groove is formed in the middle of the film sticking connecting rod 811, a fixed roller 812 is arranged in the linear groove in a sliding mode, the fixed roller 812 is fixed with the film sticking rack 801, and a linear motion pair is formed by the fixed roller 812 and the linear groove of the film sticking connecting rod 811. One side of the film-sticking connecting rod 811 close to the movable block 809 is provided with a sliding roller 814, and the sliding roller 814 is arranged in the curved track groove 813. The crank arm connecting rod 815 is in an L shape, one end of the crank arm connecting rod 815 is hinged to the film sticking connecting rod 811, the other end of the crank arm connecting rod 815 is installed at the movable end of the pushing cylinder 816, and the pushing cylinder 816 pushes the crank arm connecting rod 815 to move so as to drive the film sticking connecting rod 811 and the movable block 809 to move. When pushing away actuating cylinder 816 and advancing to the right, the slip gyro wheel 814 will roll in curve orbit groove 813, because of the restriction of fixed gyro wheel 812, make pad pasting connecting rod 811 realize the change of gesture, and can overturn certain angle, make the sucking disc 810 of movable block 809 can advance and overturn until pasting the diaphragm on battery tab 304 according to predetermineeing the orbit, after the diaphragm pasted on battery tab 304, sucking disc 810 loosens, and under pushing away actuating cylinder 816 drives, the original way returns, get into the pad pasting process next time again, whole in-process only needs to control driving actuating cylinder, can realize automatic pad pasting action, and is simple in operation.
Further, the film sticking device 800 further comprises an unwinding mechanism, the unwinding mechanism comprises a roller 818 and a support rod 817, the support rod 817 is fixed on the film sticking machine frame 801, the roller 818 is arranged on the support rod 817, and the film roll 802 is placed on the roller and can rotate easily, so that automatic film feeding is facilitated.
By adopting the film sticking device 800 to stick the film, the whole process can be fully automatic, the efficiency is high, and the cost is low. This battery pad pasting device 800 can independently set up on the station in multiple battery manufacturing procedure, and is extremely strong to battery production line adaptability, when needs carry out the pad pasting to the battery utmost point ear 304 of unidimensional or specification, only need change the movable block 809 on the sucking disc 810 can, and this battery pad pasting device 800 is from becoming independent unit, simple to operate, simple structure, mainly relies on mechanical structure, stability is better.
As shown in fig. 7, the blanking mechanism is further refined, and the blanking mechanism includes a rotary cylinder, a jacking device and a blanking plug 901, the rotary cylinder is installed on the machine base 100, the jacking device is arranged at the movable end of the rotary cylinder, the blanking plug 901 is arranged at the movable end of the jacking device, and two sides of the top of the blanking plug 901 are provided with a convex column 902 matched with the inclined surface 412 of the hook 411. After the film is attached, the rotary cylinder 403 rotates by another index, and after the film enters the blanking mechanism, when blanking is performed, the battery tab 304 is downward, the jacking cylinder jacks up, the convex column 902 of the blanking plug 901 contacts the inclined plane 412 of the hook 411, the hooks 411 at two ends are propped open while jacking up, and meanwhile, under the action of the jacking pin 405, the battery tab 304 is slowly lowered along with the blanking plug 901, so that the battery tab 304 is taken down from the rotary cylinder 403. After the rotating cylinder drives the jacking cylinder to rotate for 90 degrees, the welded battery cover plates 413 are sequentially placed on the blanking belt, a clearing rocker arm is arranged on the blanking belt, and when the recorded unqualified products pass through, the control system moves the clearing rocker arm to pop out the unqualified products.
The method for processing the full-automatic processing system for processing the battery tab on the battery cover plate comprises the following steps:
(1) placing the positive and negative battery tabs 304 in the two discharging piles 301 respectively, and placing the battery cover plate 413 on the conveying belt;
(2) the battery cover plate feeding device 200 sucks the battery cover plate 413 and places the battery cover plate 413 in a concave platform 404 of the multi-index rotary drum 403, the concave surface of the concave platform 404 is vertical to the ground, and the rotary drum 403 rotates two indexes to drive the battery cover plate 413 to be placed horizontally;
(3) the battery tab feeding and assembling device 300 clamps corresponding battery tabs 304 with corresponding number and places the battery tabs on corresponding positions of the battery cover plate 413;
(4) the two pressing frames simultaneously press the battery tabs 304 and the battery cover plate 413, and the welding device 500 performs laser welding;
(5) after welding, the rotary drum 403 rotates for an index, and the cleaning device 600 is started to clean the workpiece;
(6) after cleaning, the rotary drum 403 rotates for another graduation, the detection device 700 is started, and the CCD technology is used for shooting and counting workpieces and judging quality;
(7) after the detection is finished, if the workpiece is qualified, the film sticking device 800 is started to stick and package the film on the battery cover plate 413; if the workpiece is not qualified, the film sticking device 800 is not started;
(8) after the film sticking process is finished, the rotary drum 403 rotates by another index, the blanking mechanism is started, and the processed battery cover plate 413 is taken out and placed on a blanking belt;
(9) the discharging belt is provided with a cleaning rocker arm, the rocker arm is started for technical unqualified products in the detection system, and the unqualified products are ejected out by the rocker arm when the unqualified products are near the rocker arm.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like that fall within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included therein.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a full automatic processing system of processing battery tab on battery apron, includes the frame, its characterized in that: the machine base is provided with a battery cover plate feeding device, a battery tab feeding and assembling device, a rotating device, a welding device, a cleaning device, a detection device, a film pasting device and a discharging device, the battery cover plate feeding device comprises a conveying belt and a feeding mechanism, the battery tab feeding and assembling device comprises two discharging piles, two pushing mechanisms respectively corresponding to the two discharging piles and two cam shaft material turning mechanisms respectively corresponding to the two discharging piles, the rotary device comprises a rotary motor and a multi-index rotary drum, an output shaft of the rotary motor is connected with the rotary drum, each graduation of the rotary drum is provided with a sunken platform, the welding device, the cleaning device, the detection device and the film sticking device are all positioned around the rotary drum, and the blanking device comprises a blanking belt and a blanking mechanism; the cam shaft material turning mechanism comprises a support, a propelling cylinder, a push rod, a pneumatic claw cylinder and a movable hinge rod, wherein the propelling head of the propelling cylinder faces the push rod, the push rod is connected with the pneumatic claw cylinder, a pneumatic claw is fixed on the pneumatic claw cylinder, the movable hinge rod is provided with two parts which are respectively fixed with two sides of the push rod, one side of the movable hinge rod is provided with a sliding wheel, two sides of the support are respectively provided with a cam track groove, the sliding wheel is located in the cam track groove, a fulcrum shaft fixed with the support is arranged below the cam track groove, the center of the movable hinge rod is provided with the sliding groove, and the fulcrum shaft is located in the sliding groove.
2. The fully automated system for processing battery tabs on battery lids as claimed in claim 1 wherein: feed mechanism includes revolving cylinder, sharp cylinder and material loading pressure head, sharp cylinder set up in revolving cylinder's expansion end, the material loading pressure head set up in sharp cylinder's expansion end, be provided with vacuum chuck on the material loading pressure head.
3. The fully automated system for processing battery tabs on battery lids as claimed in claim 1 wherein: the bottom of blowing stake is towards one side of camshaft stirring mechanism has seted up long and thin discharge gate, be equipped with scale and manual lifter plate on the blowing stake.
4. The fully automated system for processing battery tabs on battery lids as claimed in claim 1 wherein: the rotary drum is characterized in that at least one cylindrical hole is further concavely arranged on a sunken platform of the rotary drum, an ejection spring is placed at the bottom of the cylindrical hole, an ejection pin is supported at the top of the ejection spring, a threaded sleeve for blocking the ejection pin is arranged at the top of the cylindrical hole, and two spring hooks are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the sunken platform.
5. The fully automatic processing system for processing battery tabs on a battery cover plate of claim 4, wherein: the spring hook comprises a hook and a torsion spring, the hook is rotatably connected with the rotary cylinder through a rotating shaft, the torsion spring is sleeved on the rotating shaft, and the tail end of the hook protrudes into the concave platform and the top of the hook is provided with an inclined surface.
6. The fully automated system for processing battery tabs on battery lids as claimed in claim 1 wherein: the welding device comprises a welding base, a triaxial module and a laser welding head, wherein the triaxial module is installed on the welding base, and the laser welding head is installed on the triaxial module.
7. The fully automated system for processing battery tabs on battery lids as claimed in claim 1 wherein: the pad pasting device includes the pad pasting frame, draws the membrane module, cuts the membrane module and send the membrane module, draw the membrane module cut the membrane module and send the membrane module all to be located just set gradually along the motion path of diaphragm in the pad pasting frame, draw the membrane module to include at least a set of on-stick gyro wheel, every on-stick gyro wheel of group has two and sets up relatively, the diaphragm clamp is located two between the on-stick gyro wheel, it includes moving blade, many displacement cylinder, fixed block and movable block to cut the membrane module, moving blade with many displacement cylinder drives are connected, the fixed block with the movable block sets up relatively, the movable block orientation the one end of fixed block is equipped with the sucking disc, send the membrane module to include curve track groove and drive the movable block is followed the actuating mechanism of curve track groove motion.
8. The fully automated system for processing battery tabs on battery lids as claimed in claim 7 wherein: actuating mechanism is including promoting cylinder, bent arm connecting rod and pad pasting connecting rod, the pad pasting connecting rod with the movable block dorsad one side of sucking disc is connected, the straight line groove has been seted up at the middle part of pad pasting connecting rod, it is provided with a fixed roller to slide in the straight line groove, fixed roller with the pad pasting frame is fixed, the pad pasting connecting rod is close to the slip gyro wheel is installed to one side of movable block, the slip gyro wheel set up in curve orbit inslot, the one end of bent arm connecting rod articulate in on the pad pasting connecting rod, the other end install in promote cylinder's expansion end.
9. The fully automated system for processing battery tabs on battery lids as claimed in claim 1 wherein: the unloading mechanism includes revolving cylinder, jacking and unloading top, the jacking set up in revolving cylinder's expansion end, the unloading top set up in the expansion end of jacking, the top both sides of unloading top are equipped with the projection.
CN201711229866.XA 2017-11-29 2017-11-29 Full-automatic processing system for processing battery tab on battery cover plate Active CN108023058B (en)

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CN110293314B (en) * 2019-07-01 2020-01-31 苏州创轩激光科技有限公司 Automatic laser welding equipment
CN112658947A (en) * 2020-12-16 2021-04-16 金华市三鑫不织布制造有限公司 Polishing-based surface treatment equipment and process for bonded abrasive wheel
CN113333928B8 (en) * 2021-06-04 2022-08-09 国网湖北省电力有限公司孝感供电公司 Resistance welding equipment for battery tab

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CN102024986B (en) * 2010-09-28 2013-01-02 珠海华冠电子科技有限公司 Turnover mechanism for battery loading
CN105855688A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-08-17 广东利元亨智能装备有限公司 Electrode lug ultrasonic welding equipment
CN107150172A (en) * 2017-06-21 2017-09-12 深圳市联赢激光股份有限公司 A kind of electrokinetic cell laser welding apparatus

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