CN108020450A - A kind of assembled integral subway station model structure and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of assembled integral subway station model structure and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108020450A
CN108020450A CN201711101501.9A CN201711101501A CN108020450A CN 108020450 A CN108020450 A CN 108020450A CN 201711101501 A CN201711101501 A CN 201711101501A CN 108020450 A CN108020450 A CN 108020450A
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manufactured
negative
layer
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CN108020450B (en
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许成顺
江志伟
杜修力
路德春
金浏
李政
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Beijing University of Technology
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Beijing University of Technology
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/28Preparing specimens for investigation including physical details of (bio-)chemical methods covered elsewhere, e.g. G01N33/50, C12Q

Abstract

A kind of assembled integral subway station model structure and preparation method thereof, belongs to underground structure antidetonation and geotechnical earthquake engineering model test field, including:Pre-manufactured model component, cast-in-place model component, model steel bar and equivalent connector;Placement model reinforcing bar;Equivalent connector is arranged on model steel bar;Make prefabricated components;Minus two layers of pre-manufactured model component is installed;Arrange minus two layers of supporting;Cast-in-place bottom plate;Central sill is installed;Arrange negative one layer supporting;Negative one layer pre-manufactured model component is installed;Cast-in-place middle plate;Top beam is installed;Casting top slab.The present invention can use in the scale (model) test of assembled integral subway station, have the advantages that to reflect prototype structure main structure, make economical convenient, have broad application prospects.

Description

A kind of assembled integral subway station model structure and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to underground structure antidetonation and geotechnical earthquake engineering model test field, more particularly to a kind of assembling are whole Body formula subway station model structure and preparation method thereof.
Background technology:
Prefabrication structure is fast with speed of application, and environmentally protective, labour demand is low, and good economy performance etc. is all More advantages are particularly suitable for house and the infrastructure construction of urban area.Complete large quantities of prefabricated assembled in all parts of the country Superstructure project;Assembled arthitecutral structure construction method was referenced in the construction of subway station in recent years, such as Changchun subway No. 2 Xian Yuanjia shops station.
From the Japanese big earthquake for opening subway station, can be threatened in the subway station in highlight lines area be subject to earthquake And serious destruction occurs.Some practical Aseismic Analytical Methods have been formd to common cast-in-place subway station at present, and have been had Excellent practical value;But for novel fabricated subway station, current Earthquake Analysis of Underground Structures method still has certain Limitation.
Model test can make up on assembled subway station aseismic theory and numerical analysis method to a certain extent Deficiency.However, due to current testing equipment size or bearing capacity it is limited, especially underground structure model test often need by Model structure is placed in model clay, therefore the reduced scale of model test is generally larger, the physical dimension of model structure generally compared with Small (being often grade).The less physical dimension of assembled model structure causes some detail structures of prefabricated components to be difficult to just Often reduced scale is carried out according to geometric similarity relation, it is therefore desirable to which one kind can reflect assembled Metro Station Structure characteristic again Simple and practicable model structure and preparation method thereof.
The content of the invention:
A kind of assembled integral subway station model structure, including:Pre-manufactured model component, cast-in-place model component, model steel Muscle and equivalent connector.
The pre-manufactured model component is simultaneously completely hard by likelihood ratio reduced scale, independent shaping on the basis of prototype structure The precast concrete model component of change.
The cast-in-place model component is to make scene in model structure by likelihood ratio reduced scale on the basis of prototype structure The concrete model component of pouring molding.
The model steel bar passes through the steel wire of likelihood ratio reduced scale on the basis of prototype reinforcing bar.
Shown equivalent connector is the equivalent stiffness component for passing through likelihood ratio reduced scale on the basis of prototype reinforcing bar connector.
A kind of assembled integral subway station model structure, is further characterized in that, lifting portion is disposed with model structure Part.
S1:It is pre- to make minus two layers of pre-manufactured model column 3, minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4, pre-manufactured model central sill 7, negative one layer The template and arrangement of reinforcement of simulation column 10, negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 11 and pre-manufactured model top beam 14, the main reinforcement of each prefabricated components Length should be greater than the length of template, i.e. the length of main reinforcement should be continuously extended to outside prefabricated components;
S2:When having reinforcing bar connector inside prefabricated components, pass through binding in the corresponding position of each prefabricated components arrangement of reinforcement Or the form of welding fixes an equivalent connector 17;
S3:The arrangement of reinforcement of each prefabricated components is inserted in each prefab-form, pours prefabricated minus two layers of pre-manufactured model column 3, minus two Layer pre-manufactured model side wall 4, pre-manufactured model central sill 7, negative one layer pre-manufactured model column 10, negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 11 and prefabricated Model top beam 14, fully maintenance;
S4:The exterior supporting 1 of arrangement;
S5:Bottom plate model steel bar net 2 is inserted in exterior supporting 1 and positioned;
S6:The overhanging reinforcing bar of minus two layers of pre-manufactured model column 3 and minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4 is inserted into bottom plate model steel In muscle net 2;
S7:Arrange minus two layers of gib 5, and combine minus two layers of gib 5 and the exterior supporting 1 of arrangement by minus two layers Pre-manufactured model column 3 and minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4 position;
S8:Pour cast-in-place pattern board 8, this process is by the overhanging reinforcing bar of bottom plate model steel bar net 2, pre-manufactured model column 3 Pour to cast-in-place pattern board 8, formed overall with the overhanging reinforcing bar of minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4;Cast-in-place pattern board 8 It should be conserved;
S9:Remove minus two layers of gib and arrange minus two layers of supporting 6, minus two layers of supporting 6 should be sufficient filling with middle plate and bottom Space between plate;
S10:Prolong station and be longitudinally arranged pre-manufactured model central sill 7, pre-manufactured model central sill 7 should be overlapped on two neighboring minus two layers On the bracket of pre-manufactured model column 3;
S11:Minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4, minus two layers of supporting 6 and pre-manufactured model central sill 7 should be kept in same absolute altitude On;Slab bar-mat reinforcement 9 in being arranged with reference to above three, makes minus two layers of pre-manufactured model column 3,4 and of minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall The reinforcing bar that pre-manufactured model central sill 7 extends interts into middle Slab bar-mat reinforcement 9, and interspersed reinforcing bar is bound or weld Reason;
S12:By Slab in the overhanging reinforcing bar insertion of negative one layer pre-manufactured model column 10 and negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 11 In bar-mat reinforcement 9, interspersed reinforcing bar is bound or soldering;
S13:Arrange negative one layer gib 12, and combine exterior supporting 1 by negative one layer pre-manufactured model column 10 and negative one layer Pre-manufactured model side wall 11 positions;
S14:Plate 13 in cast-in-place model is poured, outside the overhanging reinforcing bar of minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4, pre-manufactured model central sill 7 Reinforcing bar, middle Slab bar-mat reinforcement 9, the negative one layer pre-manufactured model column 10 stretched overhanging reinforcing bar and negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 11 Overhanging reinforcing bar, which is poured, forms entirety into cast-in-place model in plate 13;Plate 13 should be conserved in cast-in-place model after pouring;
S15:Remove negative one layer gib 12 and arrange negative one layer supporting 15, negative one layer supporting 15 should be sufficient filling with pushing up Space between plate and middle plate;
S17:Prolong station and be longitudinally arranged pre-manufactured model top beam 14, pre-manufactured model top beam 14 should be overlapped on two neighboring negative one On the bracket of layer pre-manufactured model column 10;
S18:Negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 11, pre-manufactured model top beam 14 and negative one layer supporting 15 should be kept in same mark Gao Shang;Top plate model steel bar net is arranged in above three upper surface, makes negative one layer pre-manufactured model column 10, negative one layer pre-manufactured model The reinforcing bar that side wall 11 and pre-manufactured model top beam 14 extend interts into top plate model steel bar net, interspersed reinforcing bar bound or Person's soldering;
S19:Pour cast-in-place model top plate 16, the overhanging reinforcing bar in 11 upper ends of negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall, pre-manufactured model top The overhanging reinforcing bar in the overhanging reinforcing bar of beam 14, middle Slab bar-mat reinforcement 9,10 upper ends of negative one layer pre-manufactured model column and negative one layer are prefabricated The overhanging reinforcing bar in 11 upper end of model side wall, which is poured into cast-in-place model top plate 16, forms entirety;Cast-in-place model top plate after pouring 16 should be conserved;
S20:After block mold fully conserves, exterior supporting 1, minus two layers of internal supporting 6 and negative one layer supporting are removed 15.Minus two layers of pre-manufactured model center pillar 3, minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4, pre-manufactured model central sill 7, negative one layer pre-manufactured model center pillar 9th, it is complete to be both needed to the pre-production before block mold structure fabrication for negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 10 and pre-manufactured model top beam 14 Into, and conserve at least 28 days.
Further, the linkage interface of prefabricated components carries out coarse processing.
The present invention has the beneficial effect that:
The present invention provides a kind of assembled integral subway station model structure production method, can be assembled subway The large vibration table stood, centrifugation making machine vibration table, push away cover, the model test such as Quintic system and pseudo is used.The present invention's Production method remains the linkage interface or seam of the primary structural members such as dry wall, column and beam, can preferably reflect prototype The articulated constuction feature of structure;Meanwhile structure of the grout sleeve as reinforcing bar connector is used for prototype structure, consider The rigidity mutation problems that major diameter connector may be brought.A kind of assembled integral subway station model knot of the present invention Structure production method is simple and practicable, economic and reliable, has preferable application prospect.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 be a kind of S4 of assembled integral subway station model structure of the present invention and preparation method thereof walk to S7 walks structure diagram;
Fig. 2 be a kind of S8 of assembled integral subway station model structure of the present invention and preparation method thereof walk to S10 walks structure diagram;
Fig. 3 be a kind of S11 of assembled integral subway station model structure of the present invention and preparation method thereof walk to S12 walks structure diagram;
Fig. 4 be a kind of S14 of assembled integral subway station model structure of the present invention and preparation method thereof walk to S17 walks structure diagram;
Fig. 5 be a kind of S18 of assembled integral subway station model structure of the present invention and preparation method thereof walk to S19 walks structure diagram;
Fig. 6 is the schematic cross-sectional view that modelling finishes;
Fig. 7 is the A-A profiles of Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is minus two layers of column connection diagram.
Description of reference numerals:
Supporting outside 1-;2- bottom plate model steel bar nets;The minus two layers of pre-manufactured model columns of 3-;The minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side walls of 4-; The minus two layers of gibs of 5-;The minus two layers of supportings of 6-;7- pre-manufactured model central sills;The cast-in-place pattern boards of 8-;Template die steel bar in 9- Net;10- negative one layer pre-manufactured model columns;11- negative one layer pre-manufactured model side walls;12- negative one layer gibs;In the cast-in-place models of 13- Plate;14- pre-manufactured model top beams;15- negative one layer supportings;The cast-in-place model top plates of 16-;17- equivalent connectors.
Embodiment:
New assembled integral Metro Station Structure includes the prefabricated components such as discrete dry wall, prefabricated post, precast beam, The site concretes such as plate are poured after and.Discrete dry wall, prefabricated post, precast beam are connected by reinforcing bar connector, pass through cast-in-place structure Part forms entirety.
Model test is to study or evaluate the architectural characteristic or certain mechanical property of building structure in field of civil engineering Conventional method.If prototype structure is assembled integral Metro Station Structure, and during the demand with model test, be can be used A kind of assembled integral subway station model structure of the present invention and preparation method thereof.
Model structure is the core and key of model test.Model structure, must be according to certain similar pass when making System, the architectural characteristic such as the physical dimension of model, material properties is redesigned on the basis of prototype structure, to meet to try Test demand.Common reduced scale design considerations is Bukingham Buckingham theorems, refers to table 1.S is similarity relation in table 1, a certain physics The similarity relation of amount is determined jointly by the ability of prototype structure, experiment demand and testing equipment;Such as the earthquake that the whole nation at present is maximum Simulating vibration table separate unit size is 6m × 6m, if experiment prototype is that length is 30m, the geometric similarity ratio of this shaketalle test Less than 1:5 (i.e.:6/30).
The system similarity relation of 1 model structure of table
To certain large-scale shaking table proportional model test, the geometric similarity ratio as determined by the similarity relation in table 1 is 1:30, knot The thickness only about 2.3cm of model side wall can be obtained by closing the size of prototype structure.In this range scale, model structure is usual It is difficult to complete to make fully according to the construction technology of prototype structure, reason is as follows:(1) the prefabricated center pillar of prototype and prefabricated side wall make Connected with grout sleeve, but the diameter of the grout sleeve after moment equivalence principle reduced scale is only 1.86mm, and grout sleeve is deposited Difficulty on processing is made, and be difficult to carry out without supporting grouting equipment, grouting connection;(2) prototype subway station is C40 Concrete material, the microconcrete elasticity modulus after reduced scale are less than 10MPa, if to the prefabricated structure that thickness is 2~3cm Part presses prototype mode precast assembly, and model component easily damages;(3) required precision to construction is high, and error is preferably limited in In 1mm, this error range is difficult to meet;Even if can meet, economy is also poor.In addition, existing modelling technology is difficult To overcome the above difficult;And the making of cast-in-place model is confined to mostly, it is difficult to embody the construction such as contact interface between prefabricated components Feature.
A kind of assembled integral subway station of the invention model structure and preparation method thereof can overcome the above difficult, and The main construction features of assembled integral Metro Station Structure are considered, i.e.,:(1) linkage interface of prefabricated components;(2) reinforcing bar Connector, i.e. grout sleeve.
Assembled integral subway station model structure and preparation method thereof as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7 Shown in Fig. 8, Fig. 1 is a kind of S4 steps of assembled integral subway station model structure of the present invention and preparation method thereof Structure diagram is walked to S7;Fig. 2 is a kind of assembled integral subway station model structure of the present invention and preparation method thereof S8 walk to S10 walk structure diagram;Fig. 3 for a kind of assembled integral subway station model structure of the present invention and The S11 of its production method is walked to S12 and is walked structure diagram;Fig. 4 is a kind of assembled integral subway station of the present invention The S14 of model structure and preparation method thereof is walked to S17 and is walked structure diagram;Fig. 5 is overall for a kind of assembling of the present invention The S18 of formula subway station model structure and preparation method thereof is walked to S19 and is walked structure diagram.Pre-manufactured model station includes: Exterior supporting 1;Bottom plate model steel bar net 2;Minus two layers of pre-manufactured model column 3;Minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4;Minus two layers interim branch Shield 5;Minus two layers of supporting 6;Pre-manufactured model central sill 7;Cast-in-place pattern board 8;Middle Slab bar-mat reinforcement 9;Negative one layer pre-manufactured model column 10;Negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 11;Negative one layer gib 12;Plate 13 in cast-in-place model;Pre-manufactured model top beam 14;Negative one Layer supporting 15;Cast-in-place model top plate 16;Equivalent connector 17.
A kind of production method of assembled integral subway station model structure, comprises the following steps:
S1:It is pre- to make minus two layers of pre-manufactured model column 3, minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4, pre-manufactured model central sill 7, negative one layer The template and arrangement of reinforcement of simulation column 10, negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 11 and pre-manufactured model top beam 14, the main reinforcement of each prefabricated components Length should be greater than the length of template, i.e. the length of main reinforcement should be continuously extended to outside prefabricated components;
S2:There is grout sleeve inside prefabricated components when reinforcing bar connector, can be in the correspondence position of each prefabricated components arrangement of reinforcement An equivalent connector 17 (Fig. 8) is fixed by the form for binding or welding by the place of putting, to solve prototype structure in bar connecting The ratio of reinforcement excessive the problem of being mutated with rigidity at device cross section;
S3:The arrangement of reinforcement of each prefabricated components is inserted in each prefab-form, pours prefabricated minus two layers of pre-manufactured model column 3, minus two Layer pre-manufactured model side wall 4, pre-manufactured model central sill 7, negative one layer pre-manufactured model column 10, negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 11 and prefabricated Model top beam 14, fully maintenance;
S4:The exterior supporting 1 (Fig. 1) of arrangement;
S5:Bottom plate model steel bar net 2 is inserted into the interior simultaneously Reasonable Orientation (Fig. 1) of exterior supporting 1;
S6:The overhanging reinforcing bar of minus two layers of pre-manufactured model column 3 and minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4 is inserted into bottom plate model steel In muscle net 2 (Fig. 1);
S7:Arrange minus two layers of gib 5, and combine minus two layers of gib 5 and the exterior supporting 1 of arrangement by minus two layers Pre-manufactured model column 3 and minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4 position (Fig. 1);
S8:Cooperation equipment of vibrating pours cast-in-place pattern board 8, this process is by bottom plate model steel bar net 2, pre-manufactured model The overhanging reinforcing bar of column 3 and the overhanging reinforcing bar of minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4 are poured to cast-in-place pattern board 8, are formed overall; Cast-in-place pattern board 8 should be conserved;(Fig. 2)
S9:Remove minus two layers of gib 5 and arrange minus two layers of supporting 6, minus two layers of supporting 6 should be sufficient filling with middle plate with Space between bottom plate, can be flexible material, such as foamed plastics (Fig. 2);
S10:Prolong station and be longitudinally arranged pre-manufactured model central sill 7, pre-manufactured model central sill 7 should be overlapped on two neighboring minus two layers On the bracket of pre-manufactured model column 3 (Fig. 2 and Fig. 7);
S11:Minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4, minus two layers of supporting 6 and pre-manufactured model central sill 7 should be kept in same absolute altitude On;Slab bar-mat reinforcement 9 in being arranged with reference to above three, makes minus two layers of pre-manufactured model column 3,4 and of minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall The reinforcing bar that pre-manufactured model central sill 7 extends interts into middle Slab bar-mat reinforcement 9, and interspersed reinforcing bar also can be bound or be welded Processing is connect, to strengthen connection function (Fig. 3);
S12:By Slab in the overhanging reinforcing bar insertion of negative one layer pre-manufactured model column 10 and negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 11 In bar-mat reinforcement 9, interspersed reinforcing bar can also be bound or soldering, to strengthen connection function (Fig. 3);
S13:Arrange negative one layer gib 12, and combine exterior supporting 1 by negative one layer pre-manufactured model column 10 and negative one layer Pre-manufactured model side wall 11 positions;
S14:Plate 13 in cast-in-place model is poured with reference to equipment of vibrating, it is the overhanging reinforcing bar of minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4, pre- The overhanging reinforcing bar of the overhanging reinforcing bar of simulation central sill 7, middle Slab bar-mat reinforcement 9, negative one layer pre-manufactured model column 10 and negative one layer are pre- The overhanging reinforcing bar of simulation side wall 11, which is poured, forms entirety into cast-in-place model in plate 13;Plate 13 in cast-in-place model after pouring It should be conserved (Fig. 4);
S15:Remove negative one layer gib 12 and arrange negative one layer supporting 15, negative one layer supporting 15 should be sufficient filling with pushing up Space between plate and middle plate, can be flexible material, such as foamed plastics (Fig. 4);
S17:Prolong station and be longitudinally arranged pre-manufactured model top beam 14, pre-manufactured model top beam 14 should be overlapped on two neighboring negative one On the bracket of layer pre-manufactured model column 10 (Fig. 4 and Fig. 7);
S18:Negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 11, pre-manufactured model top beam 14 and negative one layer supporting 15 should be kept in same mark Gao Shang;Top plate model steel bar net is arranged in above three upper surface, makes negative one layer pre-manufactured model column 10, negative one layer pre-manufactured model The reinforcing bar that side wall 11 and pre-manufactured model top beam 14 extend interts into top plate model steel bar net, and interspersed reinforcing bar can also be tied up Bundle or soldering, to strengthen connection function (Fig. 5);
S19:Cast-in-place model top plate 16, the overhanging steel in 11 upper ends of negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall are poured with reference to equipment of vibrating The overhanging reinforcing bar in the overhanging reinforcing bar of muscle, pre-manufactured model top beam 14, middle Slab bar-mat reinforcement 9,10 upper ends of negative one layer pre-manufactured model column Overhanging reinforcing bar, which is poured into cast-in-place model top plate 16, with 11 upper ends of negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall forms entirety;After pouring Cast-in-place model top plate 16 should be conserved (Fig. 5);
S20:After block mold fully conserves, exterior supporting 1, minus two layers of internal supporting 6 and negative one layer supporting 15 are removed (Fig. 6).
Minus two layers of pre-manufactured model center pillar 3, minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4, pre-manufactured model central sill 7, negative one layer pre-manufactured model Center pillar 9, negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 10 and pre-manufactured model top beam 14 are both needed to the pre-production before block mold structure fabrication Complete, and conserve at least 28 days.
Equivalent connector 17 is to be constructed relative to the larger reinforcement of the main reinforcement lateral rigidity of model steel bar 1, and as simulation fills Starch the strengthening segment of the reinforcing bar connectors such as sleeve.To the reinforcing bar connector in prototype structure, connector cross dimension is generally more than Reinforcing bar is connected, mechanically connecting performance in current specifications to it also has mandatory requirement, i.e. the performance of connector is not less than and is connected Connect the performance of reinforcing bar;In extreme circumstances, the reinforcing bar at connector both ends should be destroyed prior to reinforcing bar connector.Therefore waiting The main reinforcement of model steel bar 1 at effect connector 17 need not block, and can be continuous;Equivalent connector 17 can bind or weld It is fixed to etc. mode in the main reinforcement of model steel bar 1.In this way, the arrangement of model connector can both meet the " steel at connector both ends Muscle is destroyed prior to reinforcing bar connector " and can meet the construction of " connector cross dimension is larger, and anti-side rigidity is larger " Demand, can in Approximate Equivalent prototype structure reinforcing bar connector construction.
Exterior supporting 1 is mainly the positioner and suspension device of wall and plate, can there is multiple structural forms;When model system When making to minus two layers, the height of exterior supporting 1 should highly maintain an equal level with middle plate;When modelling to negative one layer, exterior supporting 1 Height should maintain an equal level with ceiling height.
Preferably in the oil surface of minus two layers of supporting 6 and negative one layer supporting 15, to hinder supporting and bonding for site concrete to make With, it is convenient that supporting is removed after the completion of modelling, reduce the risk of damage model in demolishing process;
Model steel bar in the model of station is according to shell force equivalence principle or moment equivalence principle, in the base of prototype reinforcing bar The steel wire or iron wire of reduced scale are carried out on plinth;
Since model structure may need, in experiment indoor hoisting, lifting structure can also be arranged in model component Make.
After each model component makes and finishes, each model component may need to also make coarse place in contact surface position Reason, to strengthen the frictional force between interface.
Since the making of model structure is there are a variety of structural forms and production method, a kind of assembling of the present invention is integrally Formula subway station model structure and preparation method thereof also can construct to make part-structure or make according to different types of station to flow The change of journey, if these change or deformation still the present invention claim in, the present invention also automatically comprising those change or Deformation.

Claims (5)

  1. A kind of 1. assembled integral subway station model structure, it is characterised in that including:Prefabricated post, precast beam, prefabricated side wall, Cast-in-place bottom plate, casting top slab, cast-in-place middle plate, model steel bar;When having reinforcing bar connector inside prefabricated components, in each prefabricated components An equivalent connector is fixed in the corresponding position of arrangement of reinforcement by the form for binding or welding;
    The prefabricated post, precast beam and prefabricated side wall, are the precast concretes for passing through likelihood ratio reduced scale on the basis of prototype structure Or cement mortar model component;
    The cast-in-place bottom plate, casting top slab and cast-in-place middle plate, are in model on the basis of prototype structure by likelihood ratio reduced scale Make the molding concrete of cast in situs or cement mortar model component;
    The model steel bar, passes through the reinforcing bar or steel wire of likelihood ratio reduced scale on the basis of prototype reinforcing bar;
    Shown equivalent connector, is the equivalent unit for passing through likelihood ratio reduced scale on the basis of prototype reinforcing bar connector.
  2. 2. a kind of assembled integral subway station as claimed in claim 1 model structure, it is characterised in that arranged in model structure There is lifting part.
  3. 3. a kind of assembled integral subway station as claimed in claim 1 model structure, is further characterized in that, element joints are set It is equipped with model water proof structure or model flashing member.
  4. 4. preparing a kind of method of assembled integral subway station model structure as described in claim 1-3 any one, it is special Sign is, comprises the following steps:
    S1:Make minus two layers of pre-manufactured model column 3, minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4, pre-manufactured model central sill 7, negative one layer pre-manufactured model The template and arrangement of reinforcement of column 10, negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 11 and pre-manufactured model top beam 14, the length of the main reinforcement of each prefabricated components The length of template is should be greater than, i.e. the length of main reinforcement should be continuously extended to outside prefabricated components;
    S2:When having reinforcing bar connector inside prefabricated components, the corresponding position of each prefabricated components arrangement of reinforcement by binding or The form of welding fixes an equivalent connector 17;
    S3:The arrangement of reinforcement of each prefabricated components is inserted in each prefab-form, pour prefabricated minus two layers of pre-manufactured model column 3, minus two layers it is pre- Simulation side wall 4, pre-manufactured model central sill 7, negative one layer pre-manufactured model column 10, negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 11 and pre-manufactured model top Beam 14, fully maintenance;
    S4:The exterior supporting 1 of arrangement;
    S5:Bottom plate model steel bar net 2 is inserted in exterior supporting 1 and positioned;
    S6:By the overhanging reinforcing bar insertion bottom plate model steel bar net 2 of minus two layers of pre-manufactured model column 3 and minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4 In;
    S7:Arrange minus two layers of gib 5, and combine minus two layers of gib 5 and the exterior supporting 1 of arrangement by minus two layers of prefabricated molds Type column 3 and minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4 position;
    S8:Cast-in-place pattern board 8 is poured, this process is by the overhanging reinforcing bar of bottom plate model steel bar net 2, pre-manufactured model column 3 and bears Two layers of overhanging reinforcing bar of pre-manufactured model side wall 4 are poured to cast-in-place pattern board 8, are formed overall;Cast-in-place pattern board 8 should carry out Maintenance;
    S9:Remove minus two layers of gib and arrange minus two layers of supporting 6, minus two layers of supporting 6 should be sufficient filling with middle plate and bottom plate it Between space;
    S10:Prolong station and be longitudinally arranged pre-manufactured model central sill 7, pre-manufactured model central sill 7 should be overlapped on two neighboring minus two layers of prefabricated molds On the bracket of type column 3;
    S11:Minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4, minus two layers of supporting 6 and pre-manufactured model central sill 7 should be kept on same absolute altitude;With reference to Slab bar-mat reinforcement 9 in above three arrangement, makes minus two layers of pre-manufactured model column 3, minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4 and pre-manufactured model The reinforcing bar that central sill 7 extends interts into middle Slab bar-mat reinforcement 9, and interspersed reinforcing bar is bound or soldering;
    S12:By template die steel bar in the overhanging reinforcing bar insertion of negative one layer pre-manufactured model column 10 and negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 11 In net 9, interspersed reinforcing bar is bound or soldering,;
    S13:Arrange negative one layer gib 12, and it is prefabricated by negative one layer pre-manufactured model column 10 and negative one layer to combine exterior supporting 1 Model side wall 11 positions;
    S14:Plate 13 in cast-in-place model is poured, the overhanging reinforcing bar of minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4, pre-manufactured model central sill 7 are overhanging The overhanging reinforcing bar of reinforcing bar, middle Slab bar-mat reinforcement 9, negative one layer pre-manufactured model column 10 and negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 11 are overhanging Reinforcing bar, which is poured, forms entirety into cast-in-place model in plate 13;Plate 13 should be conserved in cast-in-place model after pouring;
    S15:Remove negative one layer gib 12 and arrange negative one layer supporting 15, negative one layer supporting 15 should be sufficient filling with top plate with Space between plate;
    S17:Prolong station and be longitudinally arranged pre-manufactured model top beam 14, it is prefabricated that pre-manufactured model top beam 14 should be overlapped on two neighboring negative one layer On the bracket of model column 10;
    S18:Negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 11, pre-manufactured model top beam 14 and negative one layer supporting 15 should be kept on same absolute altitude; Top plate model steel bar net is arranged in above three upper surface, makes negative one layer pre-manufactured model column 10, negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 11 The reinforcing bar extended with pre-manufactured model top beam 14 interts into top plate model steel bar net, and interspersed reinforcing bar is bound or weld Reason;
    S19:Pour cast-in-place model top plate 16, the overhanging reinforcing bar in 11 upper ends of negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall, pre-manufactured model top beam 14 The overhanging reinforcing bar in overhanging reinforcing bar, middle Slab bar-mat reinforcement 9,10 upper ends of negative one layer pre-manufactured model column and negative one layer pre-manufactured model side The overhanging reinforcing bar in 11 upper end of wall, which is poured into cast-in-place model top plate 16, forms entirety;Cast-in-place model top plate 16 after pouring should carry out Maintenance;
    S20:After block mold fully conserves, exterior supporting 1, minus two layers of internal supporting 6 and negative one layer supporting 15 are removed;
    Minus two layers of pre-manufactured model center pillar 3, minus two layers of pre-manufactured model side wall 4, pre-manufactured model central sill 7, negative one layer pre-manufactured model center pillar 9th, negative one layer pre-manufactured model side wall 10 and pre-manufactured model top beam 14 are both needed to the pre-production completion before block mold structure fabrication, And conserve at least 28 days.
  5. 5. according to the method described in claim 1, it is further characterized in that:The linkage interface of prefabricated components carries out coarse processing.
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