CN108019929A - A kind of boiler heating system and its method based on heat medium water - Google Patents

A kind of boiler heating system and its method based on heat medium water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108019929A
CN108019929A CN201711212937.5A CN201711212937A CN108019929A CN 108019929 A CN108019929 A CN 108019929A CN 201711212937 A CN201711212937 A CN 201711212937A CN 108019929 A CN108019929 A CN 108019929A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
pipe
heating
straight tube
heat exchange
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CN201711212937.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
崔秀萍
Original Assignee
崔秀萍
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Priority to CN201711212937.5A priority Critical patent/CN108019929A/en
Publication of CN108019929A publication Critical patent/CN108019929A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B1/00Methods of steam generation characterised by form of heating method
    • F22B1/02Methods of steam generation characterised by form of heating method by exploitation of the heat content of hot heat carriers
    • F22B1/18Methods of steam generation characterised by form of heating method by exploitation of the heat content of hot heat carriers the heat carrier being a hot gas, e.g. waste gas such as exhaust gas of internal-combustion engines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B21/00Water-tube boilers of vertical or steeply-inclined type, i.e. the water-tube sets being arranged vertically or substantially vertically
    • F22B21/02Water-tube boilers of vertical or steeply-inclined type, i.e. the water-tube sets being arranged vertically or substantially vertically built-up from substantially straight water tubes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B33/00Steam-generation plants, e.g. comprising steam boilers of different types in mutual association
    • F22B33/18Combinations of steam boilers with other apparatus
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H1/00Water heaters having heat generating means, e.g. boiler, flow- heater, water-storage heater
    • F24H1/22Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating
    • F24H1/40Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating with water tube or tubes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/0005Details for water heaters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/18Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements
    • F24H9/1809Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements for water heaters
    • F24H9/1836Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements for water heaters fluid combustible heating means

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of boiler heating system based on heat medium water, including cooling cylinder, the cooling cylinder is vacuum chamber inside cooling cylinder to keep the temperature closed box structure;Heating agent water tank is connected with the downside of the cooling cylinder, is heating agent water cavity inside the heating agent water tank, heat medium water is filled with the heating agent water cavity;The vacuum chamber is separated with the heating agent water cavity by horizontal baffle, and hollow out is provided with some via holes on the partition plate, and some via holes form mesh group in array distribution, and each via hole is by the vacuum chamber and the heating agent water cavity mutual conduction;The structure of the present invention is simple, and the smoke pipe that will exchange heat makes full use of fume afterheat that the water that condensation is dripped gasifies again, improves energy utilization rate.

Description

A kind of boiler heating system and its method based on heat medium water

Technical field

The invention belongs to boiler heating art, more particularly to a kind of boiler heating system and its method based on heat medium water.

Background technology

The boiler of heat medium water is widely used in the occasions such as hotel, residential quarters, commercial location and carries out heating, sanitary hot Water heats;Its cardinal principle is the filling small part heat medium water in the vacuum tank of a negative pressure, passes through burning or other means Heat heat medium water, then by heating agent water evaporation, condensation on heat exchanger, then the water for needing to heat is heated by heat exchanger;It is existing General of the boiler of heat medium water has heat medium water heating slowly, and fume afterheat is not utilized effectively.

The content of the invention

Goal of the invention:In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention provides one kind and makes full use of fume afterheat A kind of boiler heating system based on heat medium water.

Technical solution:To achieve the above object, a kind of boiler heating system based on heat medium water of the invention, including condensation Case, the cooling cylinder are vacuum chamber inside cooling cylinder to keep the temperature closed box structure;Heat medium water is connected with the downside of the cooling cylinder Case, the heating agent water tank inside is heating agent water cavity, and heat medium water is filled with the heating agent water cavity;

The vacuum chamber is separated with the heating agent water cavity by horizontal baffle, and hollow out is provided with some conductings on the partition plate Hole, some via holes form mesh group in array distribution, and each via hole is by the vacuum chamber and the heating agent water cavity mutual conduction;

Burner block is further included, the heat release position of the burner block is arranged in the heating agent water cavity;It is cold to further include U-shaped Solidifying pipe, some U-shaped condenser pipes are stretched into the vacuum chamber;The U-shaped condenser pipe can be by the water vapor condensation in cooling cylinder Liquefaction.

Further, some U-shaped condenser pipes horizontal spaced set in the vacuum chamber;

The single U-shaped condenser pipe is made of water inlet straight tube, bend pipe and water outlet straight tube;The water inlet straight tube and the water outlet The end of straight tube is turned on by the bend pipe;Simultaneously column distribution, the water inlet are straight up and down for the water inlet straight tube and the water outlet straight tube Pipe and the water outlet straight tube relative level are obliquely installed, wherein water inlet straight tube and the water outlet straight tube are close to the side of bend pipe Short end is tilted, the water inlet straight tube and water outlet straight tube range of tilt angles are 15 ° to 30 °;

Heat exchange smoke pipe is further included, some heat exchange smoke pipes are worn in the vacuum chamber, and each heat exchange smoke pipe is distributed in Immediately below the U-shaped condenser pipe, and some heat exchange smoke pipes are laterally set up in parallel, and are close to set between adjacent two heat exchange smoke pipe Put;The heat exchange smoke pipe is obliquely installed with horizontal plane, and the inclined high-end of the heat exchange smoke pipe is located at immediately below the bend pipe;From The water flowed down on the bend pipe just drops in the inclined high-end of some heat exchange smoke pipes;The angle of inclination model of the heat exchange smoke pipe Enclose for 10 ° to 15 °.

Further, cold water ingress pipe, hot water delivery line, cooled water diversion case and hot water manifold are further included;

The cooled water diversion case and hot water manifold are fixedly installed on the cooling cylinder lateral wall;The cold water ingress pipe is led Lead to the water inlet end for connecing the cooled water diversion case;The high side of some water inlet straight tubes turns on the cooled water diversion case jointly; The high side of some water outlet straight tubes turns on the hot water manifold jointly, described in the water outlet conducting of the hot water manifold Hot water delivery line, the hot water delivery line connect heating equipment.

Further, deflector is further included;The deflector is long plate structure, the deflector be arranged in parallel in it is described into Between water straight tube and the water outlet straight tube;The high side of inclination of the deflector is fixedly connected with the cooling cylinder side wall, described to lead Flowing plate downside end extends to the bend pipe position, and the water to leak down on straight tube of intaking is just dropped on the deflector.

Further, the smoke end conducting connection flue gas shunting case of the burner block;Further include it is some lead cigarette bend pipe, if Dry described one end for leading cigarette bend pipe turns on the connection flue gas shunting case jointly, and some other ends for leading cigarette bend pipe are led respectively The bending tubes end of logical some heat exchange smoke pipes;Collection smoke box is additionally provided with the outside of the cooling cylinder, some heat exchange smoke pipes go out Cigarette end turns on the collection smoke box jointly;The smoke end of the collection smoke box turns on total smoke exhaust pipe jointly.

Further, the burner block is elongated metal furnace structure, and the burner block is horizontally through the heat Heating agent water cavity in matchmaker's water tank, and burner block both ends are stretched out from heating agent water tank both sides;

The Inner elongate degree of the burner block is extended with burning gallery, and one end of the burning gallery is provided with gas injection Mouth, the flame direction of the flame jet of the gas nozzle are parallel with the extending direction of the burning gallery;The burning gallery The other end conducting flue gas shunting case;The other end of the burning gallery is flue gas outlet side;

Further include heating tube;Some heating tubes are the metal pipe structure of up/down perforation, and each heating tube is vertically worn The burning gallery is crossed, and each heating tube upper and lower side is stretched out from lower wall on the burner block, each heating tube upper end is less than Hot coal water level in the heating agent water cavity, lower end are set with the heating agent water cavity bottom of chamber spacing;Some heating tubes are in the combustion Into two column distribution of left and right in burn through road, and some heating tubes of each row are distributed along burning gallery extending direction linear array.

Further include gas supply pipe and combustion air supply pipe;The combustion gas of gas supply pipe and the combustion air supply pipe Export end connects the gas nozzle with air export end.

Further, a kind of method of the boiler heating system based on heat medium water, is specially:

Gas supply pipe and combustion air supply pipe are continuously being fired to gas nozzle importing combustion gas and air, combustion gas and air Sprayed after being mixed in gas jets from flame jet, start the electronic lighter at flame jet, and then flame jet is to burning Passage jets out flames, and the flame in burning gallery fully heats each heating tube of both sides, and then the hot coal inside each heating tube Water continuously floats after being heated, and into heating tube, so circulation, makes in heating agent water cavity the coal heating and water continuous supplementation in heat medium water bottom of chamber portion Coal heating and water quickly heat, the coal heating and water after being heated produces a large amount of high-temperature vapors, and the high-temperature vapor of generation passes through on partition plate Each via hole diffuse in vacuum chamber;

At the same time, cold water is continuously continuously introduced into the cooled water diversion case by cold water ingress pipe, in cooled water diversion case Water into each U-shaped condenser pipe, due to temperature difference when high-temperature vapor touches each U-shaped condensation pipe outer wall, produces cooled water diversion Liquefaction, the amount of heat released in vapor liquefaction process is to each U-shaped condenser pipe continuous heating, and then in each U-shaped condenser pipe Water heating, the water after heating continuously exported into hot water manifold, the hot water in hot water manifold under the action of circulating pump Into in hot water delivery line, and continuously the hot water in hot water delivery line is exported into heating equipment;

In the above process, water droplet that the water inlet straight tube outer surface on U-shaped condenser pipe is condensed into, a part is along water inlet straight tube Pipe bent position is drained to, and is dripped after bend pipe accumulation, since the water temperature in water inlet straight tube is higher than the water temperature in water outlet straight tube, because Condensation intensity on this water inlet straight tube is larger, and partly liquefied water does not have enough time also flowing to pipe bent position and will drip on water inlet straight tube Under, due to being provided with deflector below water inlet straight tube, the water dropped on deflector continues to be drained to pipe bent position along deflector, effectively Avoid water directly to drop on the water outlet straight tube of lower section, and then influence the condensation effect on the surface of water outlet straight tube;On U-shaped condenser pipe The water droplet that can also be condensed into of water outlet straight tube outer surface, due to the temperature drift of water outlet straight tube, the water condensed is relatively It is few, it is drained to pipe bent position naturally enough, and drip after pipe bent position accumulation;

The water to drip from pipe bent position concentrates the inclined high-end for dropping in some heat exchange smoke pipes, then inclines along heat exchange smoke pipe Tilted direction, in defluent process, since the flue-gas temperature in heat exchange fume pipe is higher, under conduction of heat, is made to flowing down It is also very high into heat exchange fume pipe temperature, and then the water to flow down on the fume pipe that exchanges heat is instantly heated and is gasified again, if drip Water droplet is excessive, and heat exchange fume pipe has little time to gasify, and current do not come and gasification continue lower leakage to cooling cylinder bottom, final reflux Into heating agent water cavity, so circulation, reaches continuously to the effect of condensation tube bank heating.

Beneficial effect:The structure of the present invention is simple, and the smoke pipe that will exchange heat makes full use of fume afterheat to condense the water that drips again Once gasify, improve energy utilization rate;During heat medium water is added, each heating tube follows the upper and lower water of formation in heating agent water cavity Ring, makes heating more fully and rapid, while the distribution of two column of each heating tube is not all right to the flame between two row heating tubes into resistance Gear, reduces flame injection resistance, while the high temperature flame envelope for realizing flame heats heating tube everywhere, further carries High firing rate.

Brief description of the drawings

Attached drawing 1 is overall structure diagram of the present invention;

Attached drawing 2 is the first schematic diagram of cooling cylinder internal structure;

Attached drawing 3 is the second schematic diagram of cooling cylinder internal structure;

Attached drawing 4 is hot coal water tank internal structure schematic diagram;

Attached drawing 5 is burning gallery partial structural diagram.

Embodiment

The present invention is further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

As shown in attached drawing 1 to 5, a kind of boiler heating system based on heat medium water, including cooling cylinder 13 is cold in the present embodiment Solidifying case 13 is insulation sealed angular box structure, and the inside of cooling cylinder 13 be vacuum chamber 15, in the vacuum chamber of the present embodiment for without The vacuum chamber of air;The downside of cooling cylinder 13 is connected with heating agent water tank 6, and the inside of heating agent water tank 6 is heating agent water cavity 20, Heat medium water is filled with the heating agent water cavity 20;The vacuum chamber 15 is separated with the heating agent water cavity 20 by horizontal baffle 28, Hollow out is provided with some via holes 21 on the partition plate 28, and some via holes 21 form mesh group, each via hole in array distribution 21 by the vacuum chamber 15 and 20 mutual conduction of heating agent water cavity, its mesh group structure water in heating agent water cavity 20 in order to prevent Acutely boiling causes a large amount of liquid waters to be splashed to air pocket in vacuum chamber, water in heating agent water cavity 20 is tailed off, causes to form matchmaker The consequence of local dry burning damage equipment in water cavity 20;

Burner block 18 is further included, the heat release position of the burner block 18 is arranged in the heating agent water cavity 20;Also wrap U-shaped condenser pipe 14 is included, in order to improve heat conduction efficiency, U-shaped condenser pipe 14 is supported by copper metal tube in the present embodiment, Ruo Gansuo U-shaped condenser pipe is stated to stretch into the vacuum chamber 15;The U-shaped condenser pipe can liquefy the water vapor condensation in cooling cylinder 13;If The U-shaped condenser pipe 14 horizontal spaced set, the vapor for making to be formed in vacuum chamber in the vacuum chamber 15 is done fully to connect U-shaped condenser pipe 14 is touched, improves condensation efficiency;Explain:Due to temperature when high-temperature vapor touches each 14 outer wall of U-shaped condenser pipe Difference, produces liquefaction, and the amount of heat released in vapor liquefaction process is to each 14 continuous heating of U-shaped condenser pipe, and then to each U-shaped Water heating in condenser pipe 14, the water after heating are continuously exported into hot water manifold 41, the hot water collection under the action of circulating pump The hot water flowed in case 41 enters in hot water delivery line 12, and continuously exports the hot water in hot water delivery line 12 to heating equipment In;

In the present embodiment, the single U-shaped condenser pipe 14 is made of water inlet straight tube 45, bend pipe 46 and water outlet straight tube 43;Institute State and turned on into water straight tube 45 and the end of the water outlet straight tube 43 by the bend pipe 46;The water inlet straight tube 45 and the water outlet Straight tube is about 43 and column distribution, and the water inlet straight tube 45 and 43 relative level of water outlet straight tube are obliquely installed, wherein intaking Close to the side of bend pipe 46 to tilt short end, the water inlet straight tube 45 and water outlet straight tube 43 incline for straight tube 45 and the water outlet straight tube 43 Rake angle scope is 15 ° to 30 °, and the water which can enable to condense on water straight tube 45 and water outlet straight tube 43 overcomes The viscosity of water and while be smoothly drained to bend pipe 46, moreover it is possible to ensure its straight tube 45 and water outlet straight tube 43 in the vacuum chamber 6 of intaking In length.

Process interpretations, the water droplet that 45 outer surface of water inlet straight tube on U-shaped condenser pipe 14 is condensed into, a part are straight along water inlet Pipe 45 is drained at bend pipe 46, and is dripped after the accumulation of bend pipe 46, since the water temperature in water inlet straight tube 45 is than water outlet straight tube 43 In water temperature it is high, therefore the condensation intensity intake on straight tube 45 is larger, and partly liquefied water is also on water inlet straight tube 45 And flow at bend pipe 45 and will drip, since water inlet straight tube 45 lower section is provided with deflector 44, drop in water on deflector 44 after It is continuous to be drained to pipe bent position along deflector, it effectively prevent water and directly drop on the water outlet straight tube 43 of lower section, and then it is straight to influence water outlet The condensation effect on the surface of pipe 43;The water droplet that 43 outer surface of water outlet straight tube on U-shaped condenser pipe 14 can be also condensed into, due to water outlet The temperature drift of straight tube 43, the water condensed is relatively fewer, is drained to naturally at bend pipe 46 enough, and tire out at bend pipe 46 Drip after product;

Heat exchange smoke pipe 9 is further included, some heat exchange smoke pipes 9 are worn in the vacuum chamber 15, and each heat exchange smoke pipe 9 divides Be distributed in immediately below the U-shaped condenser pipe 14, and some heat exchange smoke pipes 9 are laterally set up in parallel, adjacent two heat exchange smoke pipe 9 it Between be close to set;The heat exchange smoke pipe 9 is obliquely installed with horizontal plane, and the inclined high-end of the heat exchange smoke pipe 9 is positioned at described curved Immediately below pipe 46;The water flowed down from the bend pipe 46 just drops in the inclined high-end of some heat exchange smoke pipes 9;The heat exchange The range of tilt angles of smoke pipe 9 slowly flows downward for 10 ° to the 15 ° water for enabling to drip on heat exchange smoke pipe 9, ensures to inhale enough Receive heat;

Principle of Process is explained:The water to drip from pipe bent position concentrates the inclined high-end for dropping in some heat exchange smoke pipes 9, then Along heat exchange 9 incline direction of smoke pipe to flowing down, in defluent process, since the flue-gas temperature in heat exchange fume pipe 9 is higher, Under conduction of heat, cause heat exchange 9 temperature of fume pipe also very high, and then the water to flow down on the fume pipe 9 that exchanges heat is instantly heated weight Newly gasified, if the water droplet to drip is excessive, heat exchange fume pipe 9 has little time to gasify, and current do not come and gasification continue lower leakage extremely 13 bottom of cooling cylinder, is finally back in heating agent water cavity 20, so circulation, reaches continuously to the effect of 14 heating of condensation tube bank.

Further include cold water ingress pipe 10, hot water delivery line 12, cooled water diversion case 42 and hot water manifold 41;The cold water point Stream case 42 and hot water manifold 41 are fixedly installed on 13 lateral wall of cooling cylinder;Described in the conducting of cold water ingress pipe 10 connection The water inlet end of cooled water diversion case 42;The high side of some water inlet straight tubes 45 turns on the cooled water diversion case 42 jointly;It is some The high side of the water outlet straight tube 43 turns on the hot water manifold 41, the water outlet conducting institute of the hot water manifold 41 jointly Hot water delivery line 12 is stated, the hot water delivery line 12 connects heating equipment.

Further include deflector 44;The deflector is long plate structure, and it is straight that the deflector 44 is arranged in parallel in the water inlet Between pipe 45 and the water outlet straight tube 43;The high side of inclination of the deflector 44 is fixedly connected with 13 side wall of cooling cylinder, institute State 44 downside end of deflector and extend to 46 position of bend pipe, the water to leak down on straight tube 45 of intaking just drops in the water conservancy diversion On plate 44.

The smoke end conducting connection flue gas shunting case 7 of the burner block 18;Further include and some lead cigarette bend pipe 8, Ruo Gansuo State and lead one end of cigarette bend pipe 8 and turn on the connection flue gas shunting case 7 jointly, some other ends for leading cigarette bend pipe 8 are led respectively The bending tubes end of logical some heat exchange smoke pipes 9;The outside of cooling cylinder 13 is additionally provided with collection smoke box 3, some heat exchange smoke pipes 9 Smoke end turn on jointly it is described collection smoke box 3;The smoke end of the collection smoke box 3 turns on total smoke exhaust pipe 11 jointly.

The burner block 18 is elongated metal furnace structure, and the burner block 18 is horizontally through the heating agent water tank Heating agent water cavity 20 in 6, and 18 both ends of burner block are stretched out from 6 both sides of heating agent water tank;

The Inner elongate degree of the burner block 18 is extended with burning gallery 22, and one end of the burning gallery 22 is provided with Gas nozzle 2, the flame direction of the flame jet 23 of the gas nozzle 2 are parallel with the extending direction of the burning gallery 22; The other end conducting flue gas shunting case 7 of the burning gallery 22;The other end of the burning gallery 22 is flue gas outlet side;

Further include heating tube 17;Some heating tubes 17 be up/down perforation metal pipe structure, each heating tube 17 Vertically pass through the burning gallery 22, and 17 upper and lower side of each heating tube is stretched out from lower wall on the burner block 18, it is each described plus 17 upper end of heat pipe is less than the hot coal water level in the heating agent water cavity 20, and lower end is set with the 20 bottom of chamber spacing of heating agent water cavity; Some heating tubes 17 are into two column distribution of left and right in the burning gallery 22, and some heating tubes 17 of each row are along burning gallery 22 extending direction linear arrays are distributed, and the flame in burning gallery directly heats each heating tube 17, and then each heating tube Coal heating and water inside 17 continuously floats after being heated, and the coal heating and water continuous supplementation of 20 bottom of heating agent water cavity is into heating tube 17, so Circulation, makes the coal heating and water in heating agent water cavity 20 quickly heat, and each heating tube 17 makes shape in heating agent water cavity 20 during the heating Circulated into upper and lower water, make heating more fully and rapid, while the 17 liang of column distributions of each heating tube are between two row heating tubes 17 Flame it is not all right into stop, reduce flame injection resistance, at the same realize the high temperature flame envelope of flame to heating tube 17 everywhere into Row heating, further improves firing rate.

Further include gas supply pipe 1 and combustion air supply pipe 4;The gas supply pipe 1 and combustion air supply pipe 4 Combustion gas exports end and connects the gas nozzle 2 with air export end.

The procedure and principle of this programme, arrange as follows:

Gas supply pipe 1 and combustion air supply pipe 4 continuously import combustion gas and air, combustion gas and air to gas nozzle 2 Sprayed after being mixed in gas nozzle 2 from flame jet 23, start the electronic lighter at flame jet 23, and then flame sprays Mouth 23 jets out flames to burning gallery 22, and the flame in burning gallery 22 fully heats each heating tube 17 of both sides, and then respectively Coal heating and water inside heating tube 17 continuously floats after being heated, the coal heating and water continuous supplementation of 20 bottom of heating agent water cavity to heating tube 17 In, so circulation, makes the coal heating and water in heating agent water cavity 20 quickly heat, and the coal heating and water after being heated produces a large amount of high-temperature vapors, The high-temperature vapor of generation is diffused in vacuum chamber 15 by each via hole 21 on partition plate 28;

At the same time, cold water is continuously continuously introduced into the cooled water diversion case 42 by cold water ingress pipe 10, cooled water diversion case Water in 42 by cooled water diversion into each U-shaped condenser pipe 14, due to temperature when high-temperature vapor touches each 14 outer wall of U-shaped condenser pipe Degree is poor, produces and liquefies, and the amount of heat released in vapor liquefaction process is to each 14 continuous heating of U-shaped condenser pipe, and then to each U Water heating in shape condenser pipe 14, the water after heating are continuously exported into hot water manifold 41, the hot water under the action of circulating pump Hot water in manifold 41 enters in hot water delivery line 12, and continuously exports the hot water in hot water delivery line 12 to heating equipment In;

In the above process, water droplet that 45 outer surface of water inlet straight tube on U-shaped condenser pipe 14 is condensed into, a part is along water inlet Straight tube 45 is drained at bend pipe 46, and is dripped after the accumulation of bend pipe 46, since the water temperature in water inlet straight tube 45 is than water outlet straight tube Water temperature in 43 is high, therefore the condensation intensity intake on straight tube 45 is larger, and partly liquefied water does not come also on water inlet straight tube 45 Obtain and flow at bend pipe 45 and will drip, since 45 lower section of water inlet straight tube is provided with deflector 44, drop in the water on deflector 44 Continue to be drained to pipe bent position along deflector, effectively prevent water and directly drop on the water outlet straight tube 43 of lower section, and then influence water outlet The condensation effect on the surface of straight tube 43;The water droplet that 43 outer surface of water outlet straight tube on U-shaped condenser pipe 14 can be also condensed into, due to going out The temperature drift of water straight tube 43, the water condensed is relatively fewer, is drained to naturally at bend pipe 46 enough, and at bend pipe 46 Drip after accumulation;

The water to drip from pipe bent position concentrates the inclined high-end for dropping in some heat exchange smoke pipes 9, then along heat exchange smoke pipe 9 Incline direction is to flowing down, in defluent process, since the flue-gas temperature in heat exchange fume pipe 9 is higher, and under conduction of heat, Cause heat exchange 9 temperature of fume pipe also very high, and then the water to flow down on the fume pipe 9 that exchanges heat is instantly heated and is gasified again, if drop Under water droplet it is excessive, heat exchange fume pipe 9 has little time to gasify, and current do not come and gasification continue lower leakage to 13 bottom of cooling cylinder, Finally it is back in heating agent water cavity 20, so circulation, reaches continuously to the effect of 14 heating of condensation tube bank.

The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be pointed out that:For the ordinary skill people of the art For member, various improvements and modifications may be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, these improvements and modifications also should It is considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

  1. A kind of 1. boiler heating system based on heat medium water, it is characterised in that:Including cooling cylinder (13), the cooling cylinder (13) is Closed box structure is kept the temperature, it is vacuum chamber (15) that cooling cylinder (13) is internal;Heating agent water tank is connected with the downside of the cooling cylinder (13) (6), it is heating agent water cavity (20) that the heating agent water tank (6) is internal, and heat medium water is filled with the heating agent water cavity (20);
    The vacuum chamber (15) is separated with the heating agent water cavity (20) by horizontal baffle (28), and hollow out is set on the partition plate (28) It is equipped with some via holes (21), some via holes (21) form mesh group in array distribution, and each via hole (21) is by the vacuum Chamber (15) and heating agent water cavity (20) mutual conduction;
    Burner block (18) is further included, the heat release position of the burner block (18) is arranged in the heating agent water cavity (20);Also Including U-shaped condenser pipe (14), some U-shaped condenser pipes are stretched into the vacuum chamber (15);The U-shaped condenser pipe will can condense Water vapor condensation liquefaction in case (13).
  2. A kind of 2. boiler heating system based on heat medium water according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Some U-shapeds Condenser pipe (14) horizontal spaced set in the vacuum chamber (15);
    The single U-shaped condenser pipe (14) is made of water inlet straight tube (45), bend pipe (46) and water outlet straight tube (43);The water inlet is straight Manage (45) and the end of the water outlet straight tube (43) is turned on by the bend pipe (46);The water inlet straight tube (45) and the water outlet Straight tube (43) is up and down and column distribution, described water inlet straight tube (45) and the water outlet straight tube (43) relative level are obliquely installed, its The side of middle water inlet straight tube (45) and the close bend pipe (46) of the water outlet straight tube (43) is to tilt short end, the water inlet straight tube (45) It it is 15 ° to 30 ° with water outlet straight tube (43) range of tilt angles;
    Heat exchange smoke pipe (9) is further included, some heat exchange smoke pipes (9) are worn in the vacuum chamber (15), and each heat exchange smoke pipe (9) it is distributed in immediately below the U-shaped condenser pipe (14), and some heat exchange smoke pipes (9) are laterally set up in parallel, adjacent two are changed It is close to set between hot smoke pipe (9);The heat exchange smoke pipe (9) is obliquely installed with horizontal plane, and the inclination of the heat exchange smoke pipe (9) It is high-end to be located at immediately below the bend pipe (46);The water flowed down from the bend pipe (46) just drops in some heat exchange smoke pipes (9) inclined high-end;The range of tilt angles of the heat exchange smoke pipe (9) is 10 ° to 15 °.
  3. A kind of 3. boiler heating system based on heat medium water according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Further include cold Water ingress pipe (10), hot water delivery line (12), cooled water diversion case (42) and hot water manifold (41);
    The cooled water diversion case (42) and hot water manifold (41) are fixedly installed on the cooling cylinder (13) lateral wall;The cold water Ingress pipe (10) conducting connects the water inlet end of the cooled water diversion case (42);The high side of some water inlet straight tubes (45) is common Turn on the cooled water diversion case (42);The high side of some water outlet straight tubes (43) turns on the hot water manifold jointly (41), the water outlet of the hot water manifold (41) turns on the hot water delivery line (12), hot water delivery line (12) connection Heating equipment.
  4. A kind of 4. boiler heating system based on heat medium water according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Further include and lead Flowing plate (44);The deflector is long plate structure, and the deflector (44) is arranged in parallel in the water inlet straight tube (45) and described Between water outlet straight tube (43);The high side of inclination of the deflector (44) is fixedly connected with the cooling cylinder (13) side wall, described to lead Flowing plate (44) downside end extends to the bend pipe (46) position, and the water to leak down on water inlet straight tube (45) just drops in described lead In flowing plate (44).
  5. A kind of 5. boiler heating system based on heat medium water according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that;The burning The smoke end conducting connection flue gas shunting case (7) of furnace body (18);Further include it is some lead cigarette bend pipe (8), it is some described to lead cigarette bend pipe (8) one end turns on the connection flue gas shunting case (7) jointly, it is some it is described lead cigarette bend pipe (8) if the other end be respectively turned on The bending tubes end of the dry heat exchange smoke pipe (9);Collection smoke box (3), some heat exchange cigarettes are additionally provided with the outside of the cooling cylinder (13) The smoke end of pipe (9) turns on the collection smoke box (3) jointly;The smoke end of the collection smoke box (3) turns on total smoke exhaust pipe (11) jointly.
  6. A kind of 6. boiler heating system based on heat medium water according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:The burning Furnace body (18) is elongated metal furnace structure, and the burner block (18) is horizontally through the heating agent in the heating agent water tank (6) Water cavity (20), and burner block (18) both ends are stretched out from heating agent water tank (6) both sides;
    The Inner elongate degree of the burner block (18) is extended with burning gallery (22), and one end of the burning gallery (22) is set There are gas nozzle (2), the flame direction of the flame jet (23) of the gas nozzle (2) and the extension of the burning gallery (22) Direction is parallel;The other end conducting flue gas shunting case (7) of the burning gallery (22);The other end of the burning gallery (22) is Flue gas outlet side;
    Further include heating tube (17);Some heating tubes (17) be up/down perforation metal pipe structure, each heating tube (17) burning gallery (22) is vertically passed through, and each heating tube (17) upper and lower side is stretched from lower wall on the burner block (18) Go out, each heating tube (17) upper end is less than the hot coal water level in the heating agent water cavity (20), lower end and the heating agent water cavity (20) bottom of chamber spacing is set;Some heating tubes (17) in the burning gallery (22) into two column distribution of left and right, and each row Some heating tubes (17) are distributed along burning gallery (22) extending direction linear array.
    Further include gas supply pipe (1) and combustion air supply pipe (4);The gas supply pipe (1) and combustion air supply pipe (4) combustion gas export end connects the gas nozzle (2) with air export end.
  7. A kind of 7. method of the boiler heating system based on heat medium water, it is characterised in that:
    Gas supply pipe (1) and combustion air supply pipe (4) continuously import combustion gas and air, combustion gas and sky to gas nozzle (2) Gas sprays in gas nozzle (2) after mixing from flame jet (23), starts the electronic lighter at flame jet (23) place, into And flame jet (23) jets out flames to burning gallery (22), each heating tube (17) of flame in burning gallery (22) to both sides Fully heating, so the internal coal heating and water of each heating tube (17) be heated after continuously float, the coal heating and water of heating agent water cavity (20) bottom For continuous supplementation into heating tube (17), so circulation, makes the coal heating and water in heating agent water cavity (20) quickly heat, the hot coal after being heated Water produces a large amount of high-temperature vapors, and the high-temperature vapor of generation diffuses to vacuum chamber by each via hole (21) on partition plate (28) (15) in;
    At the same time, cold water is continuously continuously introduced into the cooled water diversion case (42) by cold water ingress pipe (10), cooled water diversion case (42) water in by cooled water diversion into each U-shaped condenser pipe (14), when high-temperature vapor touches each U-shaped condenser pipe (14) outer wall Due to temperature difference, produce liquefaction, the amount of heat released in vapor liquefaction process to each U-shaped condenser pipe (14) continuous heating, And then the water in each U-shaped condenser pipe (14) is heated, the water after heating is continuously exported into hot water manifold (41), in circulating pump Under the action of hot water in hot water manifold (41) enter in hot water delivery line (12), and continuously by hot water delivery line (12) Hot water is exported into heating equipment;
    In the above process, water droplet that water inlet straight tube (45) outer surface on U-shaped condenser pipe (14) is condensed into, a part is along water inlet Straight tube (45) is drained to bend pipe (46) place, and drips after bend pipe (46) accumulation, due to the water temperature in water inlet straight tube (45) than Water temperature in water outlet straight tube (43) is high, therefore the condensation intensity intake on straight tube (45) is larger, partly on water inlet straight tube (45) Liquefied water does not have enough time also flowing to bend pipe (45) place and will drip, due to being provided with deflector below water inlet straight tube (45) (44), the water dropped on deflector (44) continues to be drained to pipe bent position along deflector, effectively prevent water and directly drops in lower section On water outlet straight tube (43), and then influence the condensation effect on the surface of water outlet straight tube (43);Water outlet straight tube on U-shaped condenser pipe (14) (43) water droplet that outer surface can be also condensed into, due to the temperature drift of water outlet straight tube (43), the water condensed is relatively fewer, It is drained to bend pipe (46) place naturally enough, and drips after being accumulated from bend pipe (46);
    The water to drip from pipe bent position concentrates the inclined high-end for dropping in some heat exchange smoke pipes (9), then along heat exchange smoke pipe (9) Incline direction is to flowing down, in defluent process, since the flue-gas temperature in heat exchange fume pipe (9) is higher, in conduction of heat Under, cause heat exchange fume pipe (9) temperature also very high, and then the water to flow down on the fume pipe (9) that exchanges heat is instantly heated again by gas Change, if the water droplet to drip is excessive, heat exchange fume pipe (9) has little time to gasify, and current do not come and gasification continue lower leakage and extremely condense Case (13) bottom, is finally back in heating agent water cavity (20), so circulation, reaches continuously to the effect of condensation tube bank (14) heating Fruit.
CN201711212937.5A 2017-11-28 2017-11-28 A kind of boiler heating system and its method based on heat medium water CN108019929A (en)

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