CN108015363A - A kind of gear machining apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of gear machining apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN108015363A
CN108015363A CN201711207537.5A CN201711207537A CN108015363A CN 108015363 A CN108015363 A CN 108015363A CN 201711207537 A CN201711207537 A CN 201711207537A CN 108015363 A CN108015363 A CN 108015363A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
filler strip
stent
magnet
fluted disc
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201711207537.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108015363B (en
Inventor
王健
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ningbo Jiangbei Keda Automobile Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Ningbo Jiangbei Keda Automobile Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ningbo Jiangbei Keda Automobile Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Ningbo Jiangbei Keda Automobile Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711207537.5A priority Critical patent/CN108015363B/en
Publication of CN108015363A publication Critical patent/CN108015363A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108015363B publication Critical patent/CN108015363B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23FMAKING GEARS OR TOOTHED RACKS
    • B23F23/00Accessories or equipment combined with or arranged in, or specially designed to form part of, gear-cutting machines
    • B23F23/02Loading, unloading or chucking arrangements for workpieces
    • B23F23/06Chucking arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23FMAKING GEARS OR TOOTHED RACKS
    • B23F23/00Accessories or equipment combined with or arranged in, or specially designed to form part of, gear-cutting machines
    • B23F23/08Index mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23FMAKING GEARS OR TOOTHED RACKS
    • B23F23/00Accessories or equipment combined with or arranged in, or specially designed to form part of, gear-cutting machines
    • B23F23/12Other devices, e.g. tool holders; Checking devices for controlling workpieces in machines for manufacturing gear teeth
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips
    • B23Q11/0053Devices for removing chips using the gravity force
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips
    • B23Q11/0064Devices for removing chips by using a magnetic or electric field

Abstract

A kind of gear machining apparatus, is related to gear tooth slot manufacture field, including stent and the driving motor below stent, is provided with vertical through hole on stent, drives the output shaft of motor to pass vertically through through hole;Supporting table is equipped with the upside of stent, the vertical holes passed through for output shaft is provided with supporting table.Fluted disc is coaxially provided with the upside of supporting table;Circular positioning disk is coaxially provided with above fluted disc, positioning disk and fluted disc are fixed on output shaft.The metal filler strip of two parallel no magnetic is engaged with the external tooth of fluted disc, filler strip material is slightly softer than iron, and the both sides of filler strip are equipped with two on exporting axisymmetric vertically oriented bar;Horizontal knife rest is slidably connected between locating rod;Two milling cutters are installed on knife rest.A pair of magnet is also equipped with below stent, magnet is respectively provided at the lower section of two engagement places of filler strip and fluted disc;Chip-removal hole is provided with stent between the magnet and locating rod.This programme can make Gear Processing part have support so as to improve the precision of Gear Processing.

Description

A kind of gear machining apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to the processing of irony gear, more particularly to a kind of gear machining apparatus.
Background technology
Gear is applied widely, especially in high-precision instrument and equipment in machinery.Therefore, to the processing of gear Required precision is very high, especially in the processing to tooth.Gear plus man-hour requirement it is first that gear is horizontal positioned and carry out week To being fixedly clamped.Due to being to need to carry out tooth processing to gear, if gear bottom surface is entirely disposed in supporting table in processing, Milling cutter can collide after machining with supporting table, and the hardness of the material of supporting table is bigger than the hardness of gear material, therefore Usually by blade damage.For this reason, usually make the toothed portion of gear vacantly process, although will not so damage cutter, at the same time by Support is lost in processing part, error range during Gear Processing is become larger, influences the quality of gear.
The content of the invention
The invention is intended to provide a kind of gear machining apparatus, to improve the machining accuracy of gear.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, base case of the invention is as follows:
A kind of gear machining apparatus, including stent and the driving motor below stent, are provided with the stent perpendicular Clear opening, drives the output shaft of motor to pass vertically through through hole;Supporting table is equipped with the upside of stent, is provided with the supporting table for output The vertical holes that axis passes through;Fluted disc is coaxially provided with the upside of supporting table;Circular positioning disk, the positioning are coaxially provided with above fluted disc Disk and fluted disc are fixed on output shaft;
The metal filler strip of two parallel no magnetic is engaged with the external tooth of the fluted disc, the filler strip material hardness is smaller than iron, The both sides of filler strip are equipped with two on exporting axisymmetric vertically oriented bar;Horizontal knife is slidably connected between the locating rod Frame;Two milling cutters for being used to process gear are installed on the knife rest;
A pair of magnet is also equipped with below stent, the magnet is respectively provided at the lower section of the engagement place of filler strip and fluted disc; Chip-removal hole is provided with stent between the magnet and locating rod.
The principle of this programme is:Gear is circumferentially fixed in the outside of positioning disk, due to the effect of magnet, gear it is vertical Also fixed;Slide downward is processed gear to two milling cutters at the same time, and the iron filings produced during processing are fallen from chip-removal hole, then It is convenient to collect iron filings by magnet adsorption;When milling cutter is worked on the downside of gear, milling cutter at the same time cuts gear and filler strip, produces Two kinds it is different it is broken cut, since filler strip is nonmagnetic, will not be influenced by magnet so as to be fallen always along chip-removal hole, and iron filings can quilt Magnet adsorption, makes filler strip chip be separated with iron filings, easy to separate the chip of iron filings and filler strip;After a teeth groove machines, Milling cutter withdrawing, driving motor rotate a unit, so that with active toothed disk, positioning disk and the gear rotation one being fixed on positioning disk A unit, since filler strip is engaged with fluted disc so that filler strip also moves a unit, so that the filler strip of intact part adds to tooth Wheel lower section, easy to process again.
The advantages of this programme, is:(1) compared with the hanging processing method of gear edge, due to the gear teeth processing department of gear There is filler strip in the downside divided, can play a supporting role to gear, increases the accuracy of gear, simultaneously because filler strip is that quality is softer than iron Metal, drill bit processes will not damage drill bit when being contacted with filler strip after gear because filler strip hardness is excessive;(2) with gear with Monoblock backing plate is set to compare between supporting table, since filler strip is engaged with fluted disc, when single teeth groove rotates after machining, fluted disc meeting Filler strip movement is driven, so that the not impaired part supplement of filler strip gets on, it is easy to operate, reduce artificial running cost;(3) it is electric On the one hand magnet can vertically be fixed gear, on the other hand can also separate filler strip chip and iron filings, reduce the later stage The separated time, makes cleaning more convenient, reduces disposal costs.
Further, the filler strip material is copper, and compared with other metal materials, the hardness of copper and iron is closer to, milling cutter The continuity of processing is more preferable, improves machining accuracy, reduces burr.
Further, side of the magnet away from output shaft is intilted inclined-plane, compared with the magnet of cuboid, this Magnet in scheme on iron adsorption to inclined-plane, will can avoid blocking below chip-removal hole, influence chip removal effect;It can also incite somebody to action Avoid iron filings from stopping the chip of filler strip, influence chip separating effect.
Further, the magnet is electromagnet, is influenced when can be installed using electromagnet to avoid gear be subject to magnetic force, is improved Installation effectiveness and installation accuracy.
Further, the chip-removal hole is infundibulate chip-removal hole wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, easy to by the scrap collecting of iron filings and filler strip Concentrate.
Further, the milling cutter is no magnetic or micro- magnetic material, makes milling cutter will not be magnetically influenced when processing, and improves processing Precision.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structure diagram of gear machining apparatus of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.
Embodiment
Below by the further details of explanation of embodiment:
Reference numeral in Figure of description includes:Stent 1, driving motor 2, supporting table 3, fluted disc 4, positioning disk 5, filler strip 6th, locating rod 7, knife rest 8, milling cutter 9, electromagnet 10, chip-removal hole 11, convex block 12, gear 13, spacing collar 14, turntable 15, mandril 16.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of gear machining apparatus, including stent 1, are provided with vertical through hole on stent 1, under stent 1 Square thread is connected with vertical driving motor 2, and stent 1 is sequentially coaxially provided with supporting table 3, fluted disc 4 and positioning disk 5 upwards.Branch Support platform 3 is threaded on stent 1, and the vertical holes coaxial with through hole is provided with the axle center of supporting table 3, drives the output shaft of motor Through through hole and vertical holes.4 coaxial threaded of fluted disc is connected on output shaft.Positioning disk 5 includes the chassis of cylinder, rotation connection Turntable 15, the circumferential convex block 12 for being welded on the outside of turntable 15, the spacing collar 14 being welded on chassis and the company of slip on chassis The mandril 16 being connected on spacing collar 14.Chassis bottom is provided with fixing groove, and the free end of output shaft is threaded in fixing groove.It is convex The edge of block 12 is gradually wide arc line shaped;Spacing collar 14 is circumferential to be uniformly provided with the limit hole for being horizontally directed to axis, and mandril 16 slides It is connected in limit hole.Resetting spring is cased with mandril 16, resetting spring one end is fixed on mandril 16, the resetting spring other end It is fixed on the side wall of limit hole.
Fluted disc 4 is each side engaged with a filler strip 6 made of copper, and filler strip 6 is identical with 4 thickness of fluted disc.6 both sides of filler strip Be fixed with a pair of on exporting axial symmetry locating rod 7, locating rod 7 is welded on stent 1, on the opposite face of locating rod 7 integrally into Type has vertical sliding slot.Horizontal knife rest 8 is slidably connected in sliding slot, two are threaded with knife rest 8 and is used to process gear 13 vertical milling cutter 9, the material of milling cutter 9 is magnetic weaker alloy.Milling cutter 9 drives by cutting blade motor, is set on cutting blade motor There is controlling switch.
There are two electromagnet 10 in the lower section of filler strip 6, and electromagnet 10 is threaded in 1 bottom of stent, left side electromagnet 10 There are inclined inclined-plane to the right, the 10 inclined inclined-plane in oriented lower left of electromagnet on right side in left side.The closure of electromagnet 10 and Disconnect and being controlled by the controlling switch of cutting blade motor.Two are provided with stent 1 on the symmetrical funnel shaped chip-removal hole 11 of shaft, it is left Side chip-removal hole 11 is located between locating rod 7 and the electromagnet 10 in left side, and right side chip-removal hole 11 is located at the locating rod 7 and electromagnetism on right side Between iron 10.
Gear 13 is fixed on positioning disk 5 during use, rotating turntable 15 makes convex block 12 that mandril 16 is pushed against gear 13 On.Controlling switch is opened, electromagnet 10, which adsorbs 13 vertical direction of gear, to be fixed;Knife rest 8, which moves down, makes milling cutter 9 to gear 13 or so Both ends are carried out at the same time machining.The iron filings produced in working angles are dropped out along chip-removal hole 11 and adsorbed by electromagnet 10.When Milling cutter 9 by gear 13 machine downwards continue cut gasket when, the chip of filler strip 6 can also be flowed out along chip-removal hole 11, due to Gasket does not have ferromagnetism for copper product, so can be separated with iron filings, so as to fulfill the separation of iron filings and copper scale.When a teeth groove When machining, knife rest 8 drives milling cutter 9 to move up, and electromagnet 10 powers off, and collects the iron filings to come off, and driving motor 2, which starts to drive, to be determined Position disk 5 and fluted disc 4 rotate a unit, so that filler strip 6 also moves a unit, the intact part of filler strip 6 is added to tooth The lower section of wheel 13.Above step is repeated, realizes the tooth processing of gear 13.
Above-described is only the embodiment of the present invention, and the general knowledge such as known concrete structure and/or characteristic is herein in scheme Do not describe excessively.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, also Several modifications and improvements can be made, these should also be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these are real all without the present invention is influenced The effect and practical applicability applied.The scope of protection required by this application should be based on the content of the claims, specification In the record such as embodiment can be used for the content for explaining claim.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of gear machining apparatus, including stent and the driving motor below stent, it is characterised in that:The stent On be provided with vertical through hole, drive the output shaft of motor to pass vertically through through hole;Supporting table is equipped with the upside of stent, is opened in the supporting table There is the vertical holes passed through for output shaft;Fluted disc is coaxially provided with the upside of supporting table;Circular positioning disk is coaxially provided with above fluted disc, The positioning disk and fluted disc are fixed on output shaft;
The metal filler strip of two parallel no magnetic is engaged with the external tooth of the fluted disc, the filler strip material hardness is smaller than iron, filler strip Both sides be equipped with two on exporting axisymmetric vertically oriented bar;Horizontal knife rest is slidably connected between the locating rod; Two milling cutters for being used to process gear are installed on the knife rest;
A pair of magnet is also equipped with below stent, the magnet is respectively provided at the lower section of the engagement place of filler strip and fluted disc;It is described Chip-removal hole is provided with stent between magnet and locating rod.
The principle of this programme is:Gear is circumferentially fixed in the outside of positioning disk, due to the effect of magnet, gear it is vertical also by It is fixed;Slide downward is processed gear to two milling cutters at the same time, and the iron filings produced during processing are fallen from chip-removal hole, then by magnetic Iron adsorbs, convenient to collect iron filings;When milling cutter is worked on the downside of gear, milling cutter at the same time cuts gear and filler strip, produces two kinds It is different it is broken cut, since filler strip is nonmagnetic, will not be influenced by magnet so as to be fallen always along chip-removal hole, and iron filings can be by magnet Absorption, makes filler strip chip be separated with iron filings, easy to separate the chip of iron filings and filler strip;After a teeth groove machines, milling cutter Withdrawing, driving motor rotate a unit, so that with active toothed disk, positioning disk and gear one list of rotation being fixed on positioning disk Position, since filler strip is engaged with fluted disc so that a filler strip also mobile unit, so that the filler strip of intact part is added under gear Side, easy to process again.
A kind of 2. gear machining apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The filler strip material is copper.
A kind of 3. gear machining apparatus according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Side of the magnet away from output shaft For intilted inclined-plane.
A kind of 4. gear machining apparatus according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The magnet is electromagnet.
A kind of 5. gear machining apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The chip-removal hole is leakage wide at the top and narrow at the bottom Bucket shape chip-removal hole.
6. according to a kind of gear machining apparatus of claim 1-5 any one of them, it is characterised in that:The milling cutter for no magnetic or Micro- magnetic material.
CN201711207537.5A 2017-11-27 2017-11-27 A kind of gear machining apparatus Active CN108015363B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711207537.5A CN108015363B (en) 2017-11-27 2017-11-27 A kind of gear machining apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711207537.5A CN108015363B (en) 2017-11-27 2017-11-27 A kind of gear machining apparatus

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108015363A true CN108015363A (en) 2018-05-11
CN108015363B CN108015363B (en) 2019-03-15

Family

ID=62077412

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711207537.5A Active CN108015363B (en) 2017-11-27 2017-11-27 A kind of gear machining apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108015363B (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109571045A (en) * 2019-01-07 2019-04-05 湖南坤鼎数控科技有限公司 A kind of heavy duty machine tools table slide
CN110076391A (en) * 2019-04-23 2019-08-02 田锦海 A kind of bevel gear inner hole port chamfering device that anti-iron filings mutually melt

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19526439C2 (en) * 1995-07-20 1997-09-11 W & W Bisplinghoff Gmbh & Co K Chip catcher
CN201077010Y (en) * 2007-05-15 2008-06-25 许晓华 Improved structure of gear side automatic burr remover
CN204504413U (en) * 2015-01-20 2015-07-29 营口机床厂有限公司 A kind of clamping fixed mechanism of vertical gear hobber
CN204818327U (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-02 西安法士特汽车传动有限公司 Big ring gear high -efficient gear shaping anchor clamps of formula that rise outward
CN105458419A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-04-06 宁国市嘉翔机械有限公司 Gear machining equipment with automatic positioning function
CN106513868A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-03-22 重庆速腾机械制造有限公司 Gear clamping tool for gear shaping
CN206425596U (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-08-22 芜湖三顺机械制造有限公司 Milling face device
CN107378135A (en) * 2017-09-15 2017-11-24 王艳 A kind of ratchet-gear wheel cutting apparatus with safeguard function
CN107378623A (en) * 2017-09-06 2017-11-24 吕志雪 A kind of debris removal parts processing unit (plant)

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19526439C2 (en) * 1995-07-20 1997-09-11 W & W Bisplinghoff Gmbh & Co K Chip catcher
CN201077010Y (en) * 2007-05-15 2008-06-25 许晓华 Improved structure of gear side automatic burr remover
CN204504413U (en) * 2015-01-20 2015-07-29 营口机床厂有限公司 A kind of clamping fixed mechanism of vertical gear hobber
CN204818327U (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-02 西安法士特汽车传动有限公司 Big ring gear high -efficient gear shaping anchor clamps of formula that rise outward
CN105458419A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-04-06 宁国市嘉翔机械有限公司 Gear machining equipment with automatic positioning function
CN106513868A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-03-22 重庆速腾机械制造有限公司 Gear clamping tool for gear shaping
CN206425596U (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-08-22 芜湖三顺机械制造有限公司 Milling face device
CN107378623A (en) * 2017-09-06 2017-11-24 吕志雪 A kind of debris removal parts processing unit (plant)
CN107378135A (en) * 2017-09-15 2017-11-24 王艳 A kind of ratchet-gear wheel cutting apparatus with safeguard function

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109571045A (en) * 2019-01-07 2019-04-05 湖南坤鼎数控科技有限公司 A kind of heavy duty machine tools table slide
CN110076391A (en) * 2019-04-23 2019-08-02 田锦海 A kind of bevel gear inner hole port chamfering device that anti-iron filings mutually melt
CN110076391B (en) * 2019-04-23 2020-06-05 江苏康恒环保科技有限公司 Bevel gear inner hole port chamfering device capable of preventing scrap iron from being fused

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN108015363B (en) 2019-03-15

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN108015363B (en) A kind of gear machining apparatus
CN108500375B (en) Device for cutting pipe
CN103394744A (en) Cylinder burr removal equipment
CN104511779B (en) Cutter changing device
KR101864926B1 (en) Tap-working apparatus for a long shaft with solid section
JP2005118909A (en) Deburring method and deburring device
CN111687642A (en) Equipment for drilling and multi-groove machining of synchronous pulleys in batches
JP2008126291A (en) Casting residual part cutting device
CN202498269U (en) Automatic small bitting machine
CN211072270U (en) Laser cutting machine fixture
CN211219198U (en) Limiting device for cutting diamond sheets in batches
CN207127309U (en) A kind of automatic chamfering machine
CN109175461B (en) Avoid remaining drilling equipment for hardware and tools processing of piece
KR20120118724A (en) Self-regulation means for tool processing power of cutting goods deburring device
CN211680118U (en) Drilling equipment for machining speed reducer
CN211590774U (en) Hole drilling machine
CN213729419U (en) Three-jaw fixed disk for machining machine tool
CN107322061A (en) A kind of automatic chamfering machine
CN107470910A (en) Knuckle process equipment
CN210412624U (en) Drilling machine convenient to scrap iron waste material is handled
CN104440091B (en) Three-in-one punching and milling machine for adapter
CN214557929U (en) Double-station tool for machining outer edge of brake
CN212443784U (en) Metal cutting flying chip collecting device
CN211331680U (en) Electric spark machining tool with rotary worktable
CN203141314U (en) Protective mechanism for welded pipe head grinder

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant