CN108006963A - A kind of integrated heat pump water heater - Google Patents

A kind of integrated heat pump water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108006963A
CN108006963A CN201610960839.9A CN201610960839A CN108006963A CN 108006963 A CN108006963 A CN 108006963A CN 201610960839 A CN201610960839 A CN 201610960839A CN 108006963 A CN108006963 A CN 108006963A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
flow fan
exchanging component
evaporator
housing
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610960839.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨青源
黄娟
闵令臣
杨磊
赵增奎
Original Assignee
青岛海尔新能源电器有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 青岛海尔新能源电器有限公司 filed Critical 青岛海尔新能源电器有限公司
Priority to CN201610960839.9A priority Critical patent/CN108006963A/en
Publication of CN108006963A publication Critical patent/CN108006963A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H4/00Fluid heaters using heat pumps
    • F24H4/02Liquid heaters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/0005Details for water heaters

Abstract

The invention belongs to Teat pump boiler field, disclose a kind of integrated heat pump water heater, including housing, and compressor, condenser, throttling arrangement and the evaporator being sequentially communicated along refrigerant circulating direction, the evaporator is installed on the side of housing, it includes heat-exchanging component and cross flow fan, and the cross flow fan is located at the side of heat-exchanging component and is arranged at the top of housing.The present invention uses above-mentioned evaporator, evaporator is arranged on to the side of housing, without using drip tray, condensed water can be expelled directly out, simple in structure.And cross flow fan is equipped with evaporator, noise during air-supply module operation can be reduced, cross flow fan and heat-exchanging component are become one, the arrangement space of Teat pump boiler miscellaneous part can be increased so that the installation and maintenance of Teat pump boiler miscellaneous part are more prone to.By cross flow fan to blowing air at heat-exchanging component or air being extracted at heat-exchanging component, windage can be reduced, improve the performance of cross flow fan.

Description

A kind of integrated heat pump water heater

Technical field

The present invention relates to Teat pump boiler association area, more particularly to a kind of integrated heat pump water heater.

Background technology

Current integrated heat pump water heater, since air-supply module and compressor and its pipeline are all arranged in inner water tank Top.Cause heat pump module arrangement space smaller, the insufficient space for module of blowing so that heat pump components are installed and maintenance is all compared It is difficult;And since air-supply module volume deficiency, wind field skewness then cause evaporator heat exchange performance to obtain fully Utilize.Again due to current integrated heat pump water heater wind turbine for axial flow blower or and centrifugal blower, cause blow module side make an uproar Sound is larger, and user's life can be influenced if indoors if user installation.Since the discharge of condensed water when evaporator is run needs individually Drip tray by outside condensed water elimination to heat pump module, otherwise can cause heat pump module intracavitary ponding, its structure is excessively complicated, It is higher to manufacture cost.And the evaporator of existing integrated heat pump water heater is three rows or two rows of finned evaporator, its wind Resistance increases, and influences fan performance.

The content of the invention

It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of integrated heat pump water heater, is deposited with solving existing integrated heat pump water heater The above problem.

For this purpose, the present invention uses following technical scheme:

A kind of integrated heat pump water heater, including housing, and be sequentially communicated along refrigerant circulating direction compressor, condensation Device, throttling arrangement and evaporator, the evaporator are installed on the side of housing, it includes heat-exchanging component and cross flow fan, institute State cross flow fan to be located at the side of heat-exchanging component and be arranged at the top of housing, for blowing air at heat-exchanging component or from changing Air is extracted at hot component.

Preferably, the housing includes upper chamber and lower chambers, the compressor be located in the upper chamber and with institute Heat-exchanging component connection is stated, the condenser is located at the bottom chamber.

Preferably, the top of the housing is equipped with the air passage for connecting the cross flow fan.

Preferably, the evaporator further includes evaporator shell, the heat-exchanging component and cross flow fan are placed in described The wind inlet channel being equipped with evaporator shell body, and in evaporator shell body between heat-exchanging component and cross flow fan, the evaporation One end of device housing is equipped with air inlet, and the other end is equipped with air outlet.

Preferably, the evaporator shell is internally provided with demarcation strip, evaporator shell is divided into two by the demarcation strip Chamber, the heat-exchanging component are located in one of in chamber, and cross flow fan is located in another chamber, and the wind inlet channel is set On the demarcation strip, two chambers are connected.

Preferably, the air inlet includes some square holes, some square holes side by side be arranged on evaporator shell At one end, the air outlet are rectangular hole, it is opened in the at one end that evaporator shell is not provided with air inlet.

Preferably, the heat-exchanging component is obliquely installed relative to the bottom plate of evaporator shell and angle of inclination is 0 ° -5 °.

Preferably, the heat-exchanging component includes wing pipe type structure/tube-sheet type structure/flat box type structure/microchannel structure Heat exchanger tube and be connected to the collector at the heat exchanger tube both ends, one of collector is equipped with refrigerant inlet, another collector It is equipped with refrigerant exit.

Preferably, the heat-exchanging component includes the heat exchanger tube of wing pipe type structure or the heat exchanger tube of fin structure, institute State heat exchanger tube one end and be equipped with refrigerant inlet, the other end is equipped with refrigerant exit.

Preferably, the cross flow fan is speed-changing draught fan or constant speed wind turbine, length and evaporator shell are provided with The axial-flow fan that width is adapted.

The integrated heat pump water heater of the present invention uses above-mentioned evaporator, and evaporator is arranged on to the side of housing, without Using drip tray, condensed water can be expelled directly out, simple in structure.And cross flow fan is equipped with evaporator, air-supply can be reduced Noise when module is run, cross flow fan and heat-exchanging component are become one, can increase Teat pump boiler miscellaneous part Arrangement space so that the installation and maintenance of Teat pump boiler miscellaneous part are more prone to.By cross flow fan at heat-exchanging component Blow air or air is extracted at heat-exchanging component, windage can be reduced, improve the performance of cross flow fan.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of integrated heat pump water heater of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the cut-away view of integrated heat pump water heater of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the dimensional structure diagram for the evaporator that the present invention has wing pipe type structure heat exchanger tube and collector;

Fig. 4 is the top view for the evaporator that the present invention has wing pipe type structure heat exchanger tube and collector;

Fig. 5 is the sectional view along A-A of Fig. 4 of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the dimensional structure diagram for the evaporator that the present invention has microchannel structure heat exchanger tube and collector;

Fig. 7 is the dimensional structure diagram for the evaporator that the present invention has wing pipe type structure heat exchanger tube;

Fig. 8 is the dimensional structure diagram for the evaporator that the present invention has fin structure heat exchanger tube.

In figure:

1st, evaporator shell;11st, air inlet;12nd, air outlet;13rd, demarcation strip;14th, side wall;15th, bottom plate;

2nd, heat-exchanging component;21st, heat exchanger tube;22nd, collector;23rd, refrigerant inlet;24th, refrigerant exit;

3rd, cross flow fan;31st, axial-flow fan;

4th, wind inlet channel;

10th, housing;20th, compressor;30th, condenser;40th, evaporator;101st, upper chamber;102nd, lower chambers;103rd, air passage.

Embodiment

Further illustrate technical scheme below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.

The present invention provides a kind of integrated heat pump water heater, and as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, which includes Housing 10, and be sequentially communicated along refrigerant circulating direction compressor 20, condenser 30, throttling arrangement (not shown) and Evaporator 40, four-way valve (not shown) and electric expansion valve (not shown), in the present embodiment, refrigerant is water, its In:

Above-mentioned housing 10 includes upper chamber 101 and lower chambers 102, wherein compressor 20, four-way valve, throttling arrangement and its pipe Road (compressor module) is located in upper chamber 101 and compressor 20 is connected with evaporator 40, and condenser 30 and water tank are (in figure not Show) it is respectively positioned in lower chambers 102, and condenser 30 is used to heat the water in water tank.Above-mentioned compressor 20 can be Frequency-changeable compressor or invariable frequency compressor.

Above-mentioned evaporator 40 is installed on the side of housing 10, and machine is integrated with water heater.Fig. 3-5 are can refer to, the evaporator 40 include evaporator shell 1, heat-exchanging component 2 and cross flow fan 3 in evaporator shell 1, and positioned at heat-exchanging component 2 Wind inlet channel 4 between cross flow fan 3, wherein:

Evaporator shell 1 is rectangular parallelepiped structure and it is in flat setting, specifically, the height H of evaporator shell 1 is it The 1/5-1/3 of width W.Pass through above-mentioned setting so that whole evaporator occupied space is less, is that heat pump miscellaneous part is for example above-mentioned Compressor 20, four-way valve, throttling arrangement and its pipeline (compressor module) bigger installation space is provided.

Demarcation strip 13 is internally provided with evaporator shell 1, which is divided to evaporator shell 1 for small one and large one two Chamber, wherein being provided with above-mentioned heat-exchanging component 2 in larger chamber, sets cross flow fan 3 in less chamber.Above-mentioned two chamber The big I of room is configured according to the requirement of heat exchange amount, specifically, when heat exchange amount is larger, can be set larger chamber It is big, to place sufficiently large heat-exchanging component 2, when heat exchange amount is smaller, larger chamber can be set smaller.But It need to ensure the installation space of cross flow fan 3.In the present embodiment, the volume of larger chamber is the 3-5 of the volume of less chamber Times.

Above-mentioned wind inlet channel 4 is arranged on demarcation strip 13, it can be specifically a rectangular hole, for by above-mentioned two A chamber, so that cross flow fan 3 can be by wind inlet channel 4 to blowing air at heat-exchanging component 2 or from heat exchange group Air is extracted at part 2.

In the present embodiment, air inlet 11 is equipped with the side wall 14 parallel with demarcation strip 13 of evaporator shell 1, is being evaporated Be provided with air outlet 12 on the bottom plate 15 of device housing 1 and close to the side of cross flow fan 3, the output terminal of above-mentioned cross flow fan 3 with Air outlet 12 is connected.Cross flow fan 3 can extract air by air inlet 11 and wind inlet channel 4 at heat-exchanging component 2, So that the air circulation in evaporator shell 1, in order to exchange heat with heat-exchanging component 2.It is appreciated that above-mentioned air outlet 12 Position can also be positioned close on top or the side wall of the evaporator shell 1 of the side of cross flow fan 3.

Specifically, can refer to Fig. 3, above-mentioned air inlet 11 includes some square holes, some square holes side by side be arranged on steaming Send out on device housing 1 side wall 14 parallel with demarcation strip 13, air outlet 12 is rectangular hole, it is opened in evaporator shell 1 Bottom plate 15 on.Set by the position of above-mentioned air outlet 12 and air inlet 11, enable to the air stream in evaporator shell 1 It is logical more smooth, windage is efficiently reduced, improves the performance and efficiency of cross flow fan 3.

Circulation has coolant media in above-mentioned heat-exchanging component 2, extraneous when cross flow fan 3 extracts air at heat-exchanging component 2 Air can exchange heat with coolant media so that coolant media absorbs heat.

In the present embodiment, above-mentioned heat-exchanging component 2 is obliquely installed relative to the bottom plate 15 of evaporator shell 1 and angle of inclination is 0 ° -5 °, by above-mentioned setting, when cross flow fan 3 works, the front face area of heat-exchanging component 2 is enabled to increase, and then can Improve the heat exchange efficiency of heat-exchanging component 2.

Specifically, heat-exchanging component 2 includes the heat exchange of wing pipe type structure/tube-sheet type structure/flat box type structure/microchannel structure Pipe 21 and the collector 22 for being connected to 21 both ends of heat exchanger tube, one of collector 22 are equipped with refrigerant inlet 23, another Collector 22 is equipped with refrigerant exit 24, and above-mentioned refrigerant inlet 23 and refrigerant exit 24 are respectively positioned on the outside of housing 1.By setting collector 22 and the heat exchanger tube 21 of above-mentioned wing pipe type structure/tube-sheet type structure/flat box type structure/microchannel structure, coolant media passes through Refrigerant inlet 23 enter connected collector 22 in, then branched to by collector 22 in above-mentioned heat exchanger tube 21, and with the external world After air heat-exchange, the collector 22 connected with refrigerant exit 24 is flowed into, is finally flowed out through refrigerant exit 24.Fig. 1 is wherein can refer to, is changed Hot component 2 is made of the heat exchanger tube 21 of wing pipe type structure with collector 22;With reference to Fig. 4, heat-exchanging component 2 by microchannel structure heat exchange Pipe 21 is formed with collector 22.

It is understood that above-mentioned heat-exchanging component 2 can also include wing pipe type structure heat exchanger tube 21 (shown in Fig. 7) or The heat exchanger tube 21 (shown in Fig. 8) of fin structure, 21 one end of heat exchanger tube are equipped with refrigerant inlet 23, and the other end is equipped with refrigerant exit 24, likewise, above-mentioned refrigerant inlet 23 and refrigerant exit 24 are respectively positioned on the outside of housing 1.Coolant media is straight by refrigerant inlet 23 Tap into heat exchanger tube 21, and after exchanging heat with outside air, directly flowed out by refrigerant exit 24.

The circulating direction of above-mentioned coolant media can be horizontal or longitudinal, with specific reference to heat exchanger tube 21 Depending on arragement direction.And the shunting of above-mentioned coolant media can be shunted with single channel or multichannel, can be specifically arranged as required to.

Above-mentioned cross flow fan 3 is located at the side of heat-exchanging component 2, its size is adapted with 1 less chamber of evaporator shell, The axial-flow fan 31 that length is adapted with 1 width of evaporator shell is equipped with it, at more preferable heat exchanging component 2 Air is extracted, and improves the performance of cross flow fan 3.Above-mentioned cross flow fan 3 can be speed-changing draught fan or constant speed wind turbine, have Body is arranged as required to.The setting of above-mentioned cross flow fan 3, can reduce the noise of integrated heat pump water heater operation.

Preferably, Fig. 2 is can refer to, the air passage 103 of connection cross flow fan 3 is equipped with the top of housing 10, passes through air passage 103 Setting, enable to the operation of cross flow fan 3 more smooth, windage smaller.

In the present embodiment, cover board (not shown) can also be set on evaporator shell 1, it can be by heat-exchanging component 2 and cross flow fan 3 cover and protect, to avoid falling into for dust and damaging for heat-exchanging component 2 and cross flow fan 3.

The integrated heat pump water heater of the present invention uses above-mentioned evaporator 40, and evaporator 40 is arranged on to the side of housing 10 Face, without using drip tray, condensed water can be expelled directly out, simple in structure.And it is equipped with cross flow fan 3, energy in evaporator 40 Enough noises reduced when air-supply module is run, cross flow fan 3 and heat-exchanging component 2 are become one, can increase heat-pump hot-water The arrangement space of device miscellaneous part so that the installation and maintenance of Teat pump boiler miscellaneous part are more prone to.Pass through cross flow fan 3 Air is blowed to heat-exchanging component 2 or air is extracted at heat-exchanging component, windage can be reduced, improve the property of cross flow fan 3 Energy.

Obviously, the above embodiment of the present invention is just for the sake of clear explanation example of the present invention, and it is pair to be not The restriction of embodiments of the present invention.For those of ordinary skill in the field, may be used also on the basis of the above description To make other variations or changes in different ways.There is no necessity and possibility to exhaust all the enbodiments.It is all this All any modification, equivalent and improvement made within the spirit and principle of invention etc., should be included in the claims in the present invention Protection domain within.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of integrated heat pump water heater, including housing (10), and the compressor being sequentially communicated along refrigerant circulating direction (20), condenser (30), throttling arrangement and evaporator (40), it is characterised in that the evaporator (40) is installed on housing (10) side, it includes heat-exchanging component (2) and cross flow fan (3), and the cross flow fan (3) is located at the one of heat-exchanging component (2) Side and the top for being arranged at housing (10), for blowing air to heat-exchanging component (2) place or being extracted from heat-exchanging component (2) empty Gas.
2. integrated heat pump water heater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the housing (10) includes upper chamber (101) it is located in the upper chamber (101) and connects with the heat-exchanging component (2) with lower chambers (102), the compressor (20) Logical, the condenser (30) is located in the lower chambers (102).
3. integrated heat pump water heater according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the top of the housing (10), which is equipped with, to be connected Lead to the air passage (103) of the cross flow fan (3).
4. integrated heat pump water heater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the evaporator (40) further includes evaporation Device housing (1), the heat-exchanging component (2) and cross flow fan (3) are placed in the evaporator shell (1), and evaporator shell (1) wind inlet channel (4) being equipped between heat-exchanging component (2) and cross flow fan (3), the one of the evaporator shell (1) End is equipped with air inlet (11), and the other end is equipped with air outlet (12).
5. integrated heat pump water heater according to claim 4, it is characterised in that set inside the evaporator shell (1) There is demarcation strip (13), evaporator shell (1) is divided into two chambers by the demarcation strip (13), and the heat-exchanging component (2) is located at it In in a chamber, cross flow fan (3) is located in another chamber, and the wind inlet channel (4) is arranged on the demarcation strip (13) On, two chambers are connected.
6. integrated heat pump water heater according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the air inlet (11) includes some sides Hole, the at one end for being arranged on evaporator shell (1) of some square holes side by side, the air outlet (12) are rectangular hole, It is opened in the at one end that evaporator shell (1) is not provided with air inlet (11).
7. integrated heat pump water heater according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the heat-exchanging component (2) is relative to steaming The bottom plate (15) of hair device housing (1) is obliquely installed and angle of inclination is 0 ° -5 °.
8. according to any integrated heat pump water heaters of claim 1-7, it is characterised in that heat-exchanging component (2) bag Include the heat exchanger tube (21) of wing pipe type structure/tube-sheet type structure/flat box type structure/microchannel structure and be connected to the heat exchanger tube (21) collector (22) at both ends, one of collector (22) are equipped with refrigerant inlet (23), another collector (22) is equipped with cold Matchmaker exports (24).
9. according to any integrated heat pump water heaters of claim 1-7, it is characterised in that heat-exchanging component (2) bag The heat exchanger tube (21) of wing pipe type structure or the heat exchanger tube (21) of fin structure are included, described heat exchanger tube (21) one end is equipped with refrigerant Import (23), the other end are equipped with refrigerant exit (24).
10. integrated heat pump water heater according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the cross flow fan (3) is speed change wind Machine or constant speed wind turbine, are provided with the axial-flow fan (31) that length is adapted with evaporator shell (1) width.
CN201610960839.9A 2016-10-28 2016-10-28 A kind of integrated heat pump water heater CN108006963A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610960839.9A CN108006963A (en) 2016-10-28 2016-10-28 A kind of integrated heat pump water heater

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610960839.9A CN108006963A (en) 2016-10-28 2016-10-28 A kind of integrated heat pump water heater

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108006963A true CN108006963A (en) 2018-05-08

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ID=62048226

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610960839.9A CN108006963A (en) 2016-10-28 2016-10-28 A kind of integrated heat pump water heater

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108006963A (en)

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN200955879Y (en) * 2006-06-19 2007-10-03 江陵机电股份有限公司 Dual heat source type heat pump water heater
CN204084946U (en) * 2014-09-04 2015-01-07 清华大学 A kind of single evaporator type solar air source combined heat-pump

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN200955879Y (en) * 2006-06-19 2007-10-03 江陵机电股份有限公司 Dual heat source type heat pump water heater
CN204084946U (en) * 2014-09-04 2015-01-07 清华大学 A kind of single evaporator type solar air source combined heat-pump

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