CN108002756A - Environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials preparation method - Google Patents

Environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials preparation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108002756A
CN108002756A CN201711247289.7A CN201711247289A CN108002756A CN 108002756 A CN108002756 A CN 108002756A CN 201711247289 A CN201711247289 A CN 201711247289A CN 108002756 A CN108002756 A CN 108002756A
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parts
powder
expanded perlite
building materials
environmentally protective
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马宏
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Jieshou City Sen Wei Thermal Insulation Building Materials Co Ltd
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Jieshou City Sen Wei Thermal Insulation Building Materials Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201711247289.7A priority Critical patent/CN108002756A/en
Publication of CN108002756A publication Critical patent/CN108002756A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/52Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material specially adapted for producing articles from mixtures containing fibres, e.g. asbestos cement
    • B28B1/525Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material specially adapted for producing articles from mixtures containing fibres, e.g. asbestos cement containing organic fibres, e.g. wood fibres
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • B28B17/02Conditioning the material prior to shaping
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B3/00Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor
    • B28B3/02Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor wherein a ram exerts pressure on the material in a moulding space; Ram heads of special form
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B20/00Use of materials as fillers for mortars, concrete or artificial stone according to more than one of groups C04B14/00 - C04B18/00 and characterised by shape or grain distribution; Treatment of materials according to more than one of the groups C04B14/00 - C04B18/00 specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Expanding or defibrillating materials
    • C04B20/02Treatment
    • C04B20/023Chemical treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/27Water resistance, e.g. waterproof or water-repellant materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/28Fire resistance, i.e. materials resistant to accidental fires or high temperatures
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/40Porous or lightweight materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/20Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the density
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/30Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for heat transfer properties such as thermal insulation values, e.g. R-values
    • C04B2201/32Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for heat transfer properties such as thermal insulation values, e.g. R-values for the thermal conductivity, e.g. K-factors
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength

Abstract

Environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials, are related to heat preservation construction material production and processing technical field, including the component of following mass fraction is prepared:60 80 parts of modified expanded perlite, 20 35 parts of cement, 20 28 parts of water, 10 16 parts of bagasse powder, 8 12 parts of dry mud, 5 10 parts of prodan, 25 parts of calcium stearate, 5 10 parts of additive, 0.5 1 parts of polypropylene fibre, 15 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, 35 parts of wollastonite in powder, 23 parts of calcium formate.Expanded perlite thermal-nsulation plate fire protecting performance prepared by the present invention is superior; it is light, intensity is high, thermal conductivity factor is low; it is good with the tack coat and cracking resistance protective layer compatibility of heat-insulation system; integral processing is simple; convenient, significant effect, can reduce processing cost; production capacity is lifted, reaches the high-quality requirement of environmental protection.

Description

Environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials preparation method
Technical field:
The present invention relates to heat preservation construction material to produce and process technical field, and in particular to a kind of environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light is built Material preparation method.
Background technology:
Thermal insulation material generally refers to the material that thermal conductivity factor is less than or equal to 0.12.Thermal insulation material have developed rapidly, in industry With good heat preservation technology and material are used in building, can often play a multiplier effect.
Traditional heat preserving and insulating material is to improve gas phase voidage, is reduced based on thermal conductivity factor and the coefficient of conductivity.Fiber In use environment convection current heat transfer and radiant heat transfer will raise class thermal insulation material, it is necessary to have thicker coating;And section bar class Inorganic heat insulation material will carry out assembling construction, there are seam it is more, damage the defects of beautiful, water proofing property is poor, service life is short.For This, people are seeking with studying a kind of new material that can greatly improve thermal insulation material heat insulating reflecting performance always.By material into Part classification:1st, organic heat-insulating heat-preserving material, 2, inorganic heat-insulating material, 3, metal class heat-insulating heat-preserving material;By material shape Classification:1st, loose heat-insulating heat-preserving material, 2, tabular heat-insulating heat-preserving material, 3, integral heat insulation heat-barrier material;In inorganic heat insulation material For expanded perlite with its excellent fire retardancy energy, the advantage such as environmentally safe is just progressively becoming the head of inorganic external wall thermal-insulation material Choosing.
Expanded perlite as a kind of nonmetallic mineral material, be widely used in building, metallurgy, oil, chemical industry, light industry, The fields such as electric power, transport and agricultural.Expanded perlite is just widely used in the light bone material of external wall insulation.But due to each Kind reason, the application of expanded perlite thermal-nsulation plate also suffer from some limitations.
The content of the invention:
The invention reside in provide a kind of quality of environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials so that environmentally protective fire-proof and water-proof Light building material is more energy saving during processing, while environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials overall performance is obtained most The processing method that big degree plays.
Environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials, including the component of following mass fraction are prepared:Modified expanded pearl 60-80 parts of rock, 20-35 parts of cement, 20-28 parts of water, 10-16 parts of bagasse powder, 8-12 parts of dry mud, 5-10 parts of prodan, 2-5 parts of calcium stearate, 5-10 parts of additive, 0.5-1 parts of polypropylene fibre, 1-5 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, 3-5 parts of wollastonite in powder, calcium formate 2-3 parts.
The preferred solution of said components is:65-75 parts of modified expanded perlite, 25-30 parts of cement, 22-26 parts of water, sugarcane 12-14 parts of ground-slag, 8-10 parts of dry mud, 6-9 parts of prodan, 3-4 parts of calcium stearate, 6-8 parts of additive, polypropylene fibre 0.5-0.8 parts, 2-4 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, 3-5 parts of wollastonite in powder, 2-3 parts of calcium formate;
The optimum proportion scheme of said components is:70 parts of modified expanded perlite, 28 parts of cement, 25 parts of water, bagasse powder 13 parts, 9 parts of dry mud, 8 parts of prodan, 3.5 parts of calcium stearate, 7 parts of additive, 0.6 part of polypropylene fibre, 3 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, 4 parts of wollastonite in powder, 3 parts of calcium formate;
Expanded perlite wherein in said components is needed by modification before use:Specifically method of modifying is:
(1) perlite is preheated, perlite is preheated 10-15 minutes using 300-400 DEG C of temperature during preheating;
(2) perlite is directly heated, is heated to 1000-1300 DEG C of progress expanding treatment, makes perlite volume swollen Swollen 10-15 times, obtain expanded perlite;
(3) treat expanded perlite Temperature fall, when temperature is down to 100-200 DEG C, it is precious that expansion is sprayed to expanded perlite The methyltriethoxysilane of pearl rock gross weight 8-15%;
(4) continue to be cooled to room temperature after the completion of spraying, 20-30 mesh sieves are then crossed, up to modified expanded perlite.
Same above-mentioned dry mud passes through modification before use:Specifically processing method is:
(1) 10-15 parts of dry muds of mass fraction, 3-8 parts of inorganic bonding agents, 8-12 parts of water mixing are taken, and are stirred evenly;
(2) material stirred evenly is put into microwave equipment, with the condition microwave treatment 10- of microwave frequency 50-55GHz 15S;
(3) raw material after microwave treatment is entered in reaction kettle, stirred, then add 0.5-0.6 parts of binding agents and 2-5 parts of silicon After hydrochlorate crushing, stirring be warming up to 60-90 DEG C, be sealed 3-4 it is small when after both.
Dry mud after processing can increase viscosity, and the silicate added can effectively improve the intensity of Material synthesis And fire resistance property;
Above-mentioned bagasse powder is needed by processing before use, and when processing takes the wheat flour of 1/3 amount of bagasse powder quality, with Bagasse powder is uniformly mixed, and the mica powder for then adding 1/4 amount of bagasse powder quality is uniformly mixed again, is then entered microwave and is set Both obtained after handling 3-5S in standby with the frequency microwave of 30-35GHz;
Fiber content in raw material is added by the use of bagasse, improves tensile strength, and due in bagasse Containing sugar, mutual caking ability can be lifted after being used in mixed way with wheat flour, so that the tightness degree between lifting raw material;
The additive includes:Foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and bonding agent;Wherein foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant Mass ratio with bonding agent is 1:2:2:1;
Before use by pre-processing, specific preprocess method is the wollastonite in powder:
(1) wollastonite in powder of 10-15 mass parts is taken, 110 DEG C are warming up to it, 2-3 parts of quick limes is then added, at the uniform velocity stirs Mix uniformly;
(2) salt of 1-1.5 parts of mass fraction is taken, is added thereto after its thawing, 2-5 parts of silicates is added, after grinding Cross after 300-400 mesh sieve nets and both obtained;
It is above-mentioned that paste is formed after water is run into by salt, silicate and the processed wollastonite in powder of quick lime, and with changing Property expanded perlite combine after increase the gap after raw material shaping, the lighting for lifting material is horizontal;
The procedure of processing of environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials is prepared using above-mentioned raw materials component, specific method is:
1) 5- will be stirred in modified expanded perlite, cement input mixing and blending machine under the stirring of 1500-2000rpm rotating speeds 30min;
2) rotating speed is adjusted to 1200-1500rpm rotating speeds, bagasse powder, dry mud, fluosilicic acid is put into mixing and blending machine Sodium, calcium stearate, additive, stir 5-30min;
3) after the completion of stirring, rotating speed is adjusted to 1500-1700rpm, input polypropylene fibre, powder of lacquer putty for use on, wollastonite in powder, first Sour calcium and water, cement slurry is made in stirring 5-30min in mixing and blending machine;
4) cement slurry is added in blender and stirred evenly, after enter microwave frequency to handle under conditions of 100-110GHz 5-8min, then enters and stands 1-2h under isoperibol;
5) slurry finally is poured into continuous pressing mold in mould to be molded;
6) heating curing through being vented, suppress, after pressurize makes mixture reach dense state, the demoulding, obtains blank;
7) blank obtained by step 6) is conserved, rear drying to blank moisture is less than 1%, so far expanded perlite Prepared by thermal insulation board completes.
Equipment used in continuous mould pressing shaping is hydraulic press in step (5), and the pressure of hydraulic press is 50t;
Heat-cured temperature is 55-75 DEG C in step (5), time 5-8h.
Microwave step wherein in step 4) can cause the moisture content of cement slurry to reduce, the synergistic effect between each component More preferably, cement slurry can be made to form micropore during moisture separates out, so as to play the effect of lightweight;
The environmentally protective relatively common thermal insulation board of fireproof and waterproof light building materials being prepared into using the above method has obvious excellent Gesture, is lifted obvious in following performance after testing:
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1st, fire protecting performance is superior.The environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials of the present invention mainly use inorganic not fuel wood Material, can effectively improve the fire protecting performance of thermal insulation board, the combustibility of modified expanded perlite insulation board of the present invention is up to A1 grades.
2nd, it is light, intensity is high, thermal conductivity factor is low.The environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials of the present invention are using cement as master Cementitious material is wanted, while mixes PP fibers, dry mud, bagasse powder, calcium stearate outside, the intensity of cementitious material can be improved, make guarantor Adiabator ensureing resistance to compression, substantially reducing dry density on the basis of flexural strength, plate is had higher intensity and relatively low Thermal conductivity factor, so as to ensure that heat preservation plate material and system have good heat-insulating property.
3rd, it is good with the tack coat and cracking resistance protective layer compatibility of heat-insulation system.Since the environmentally protective fire-proof and water-proof of the present invention is light Matter building materials as main cementitious material, not using sodium silicate and are contained sodium silicate or contain chlorion using high-mark cement Cement additire, ensure that system compatibility is good, and phenomena such as hollowing cracks will not occur, can be with the building same service life.
4th, integral processing is simple, convenient, and significant effect, can reduce processing cost, lifts production capacity, reaches environmentally friendly high The requirement of matter.
Embodiment:
In order to make the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention easy to understand, tie below Specific example is closed, the present invention is further explained.
Embodiment 1:
Environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials, including the component of following mass fraction are prepared:Modified expanded pearl 60 parts of rock, 20 parts of cement, 20 parts of water, 10 parts of bagasse powder, 8 parts of dry mud, 5 parts of prodan, 2 parts of calcium stearate, additive 5 Part, 0.5 part of polypropylene fibre, 1 part of powder of lacquer putty for use on, 3 parts of wollastonite in powder, 2 parts of calcium formate.
Expanded perlite wherein in said components is needed by modification before use:Specifically method of modifying is:
(1) perlite is preheated, perlite is preheated 10 minutes using 300 DEG C of temperature during preheating;
(2) perlite is directly heated, is heated to 1000 DEG C of progress expanding treatments, makes perlite volumetric expansion 10- 15 times, obtain expanded perlite;
(3) treat expanded perlite Temperature fall, when temperature is down to 100 DEG C, expanded perlite is sprayed to expanded perlite The methyltriethoxysilane of gross weight 8%;
(4) continue to be cooled to room temperature after the completion of spraying, 20 mesh sieves are then crossed, up to modified expanded perlite.
Same above-mentioned dry mud passes through modification before use:Specifically processing method is:
(1) 10 parts of dry muds of mass fraction, 3 parts of inorganic bonding agents, 8 parts of water mixing are taken, and are stirred evenly;
(2) material stirred evenly is put into microwave equipment, with the condition microwave treatment 10S of microwave frequency 50GHz;
(3) raw material after microwave treatment is entered in reaction kettle, stirred, then add 0.5 part of binding agent and 2-5 parts of silicates Be warming up to 60 DEG C after crushing, stirring, be sealed 3 it is small when after both.
Bagasse powder is needed by processing before use, and when processing takes the wheat flour of 1/3 amount of bagasse powder quality, with sugarcane Ground-slag is uniformly mixed, and the mica powder for then adding 1/4 amount of bagasse powder quality is uniformly mixed again, is then entered in microwave equipment Both to be obtained after the frequency microwave processing 3-5S of 30GHz;
Additive includes:Foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and bonding agent;Wherein foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and viscous The mass ratio for connecing agent is 1:2:2:1;
Before use by pre-processing, specific preprocess method is wollastonite in powder:
(1) wollastonite in powder of 10 mass parts is taken, 110 DEG C are warming up to it, then adds 2 parts of quick limes, at the uniform velocity stirring is equal It is even;
(2) salt of 1 part of mass fraction is taken, is added thereto after its thawing, adds 2 parts of silicates, 300 mesh are crossed after grinding After sieve both;
The procedure of processing of environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials is prepared using above material composition, specific method is:
1) 5min will be stirred in modified expanded perlite, cement input mixing and blending machine under the stirring of 1500rpm rotating speeds;
2) rotating speed is adjusted to 1200rpm rotating speeds, bagasse powder, dry mud, prodan, hard is put into mixing and blending machine Resin acid calcium, additive, stir 5min;
3) after the completion of stirring, rotating speed is adjusted to 1500rpm, input polypropylene fibre, powder of lacquer putty for use on, wollastonite in powder, calcium formate And water, cement slurry is made in stirring 5min in mixing and blending machine;
4) cement slurry is added in blender and stirred evenly, after enter microwave frequency to handle under conditions of 100GHz 5min, then enters and stands 1h under isoperibol;
5) slurry finally is poured into continuous pressing mold in mould to be molded;
6) heating curing through being vented, suppress, after pressurize makes mixture reach dense state, the demoulding, obtains blank;
7) blank obtained by step 6) is conserved, rear drying to blank moisture is less than 1%, so far expanded perlite Prepared by thermal insulation board completes.
Equipment used in continuous mould pressing shaping is hydraulic press in step (5), and the pressure of hydraulic press is 50t;
Heat-cured temperature is 55 DEG C in step (5), time 5h.
Embodiment 2:
Environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials, including the component of following mass fraction are prepared:Modified expanded pearl 70 parts of rock, 28 parts of cement, 25 parts of water, 13 parts of bagasse powder, 9 parts of dry mud, 8 parts of prodan, 3.5 parts of calcium stearate, addition 7 parts of agent, 0.6 part of polypropylene fibre, 3 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, 4 parts of wollastonite in powder, 3 parts of calcium formate;
Expanded perlite wherein in said components is needed by modification before use:Specifically method of modifying is:
(1) perlite is preheated, perlite is preheated 13 minutes using 350 DEG C of temperature during preheating;
(2) perlite is directly heated, is heated to 1200 DEG C of progress expanding treatments, makes perlite volumetric expansion 13 Times, obtain expanded perlite;
(3) treat expanded perlite Temperature fall, when temperature is down to 150 DEG C, expanded perlite is sprayed to expanded perlite The methyltriethoxysilane of gross weight 10%;
(4) continue to be cooled to room temperature after the completion of spraying, 20 mesh sieves are then crossed, up to modified expanded perlite.
Same above-mentioned dry mud passes through modification before use:Specifically processing method is:
(1) 13 parts of dry muds of mass fraction, 5 parts of inorganic bonding agents, 10 parts of water mixing are taken, and are stirred evenly;
(2) material stirred evenly is put into microwave equipment, with the condition microwave treatment 13S of microwave frequency 50GHz;
(3) raw material after microwave treatment is entered in reaction kettle, stirred, then add 0.5 part of binding agent and 4 parts of silicate powders Be warming up to 75 DEG C after broken stirring, be sealed 3.5 it is small when after both.
Above-mentioned bagasse powder is needed by processing before use, and when processing takes the wheat flour of 1/3 amount of bagasse powder quality, with Bagasse powder is uniformly mixed, and the mica powder for then adding 1/4 amount of bagasse powder quality is uniformly mixed again, is then entered microwave and is set Both obtained after handling 4S in standby with the frequency microwave of 35GHz;
Additive includes:Foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and bonding agent;Wherein foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and viscous The mass ratio for connecing agent is 1:2:2:1;
Before use by pre-processing, specific preprocess method is wollastonite in powder:
(1) wollastonite in powder of 13 mass parts is taken, 110 DEG C are warming up to it, then adds 3 parts of quick limes, at the uniform velocity stirring is equal It is even;
(2) salt of 1.5 parts of mass fraction is taken, is added thereto after its thawing, adds 4 parts of silicates, 350 are crossed after grinding After mesh sieve net both;
The procedure of processing of environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials is prepared using above material composition, specific method is:
1) 20min will be stirred in modified expanded perlite, cement input mixing and blending machine under the stirring of 1800rpm rotating speeds;
2) rotating speed is adjusted to 1400rpm rotating speeds, bagasse powder, dry mud, prodan, hard is put into mixing and blending machine Resin acid calcium, additive, stir 20min;
3) after the completion of stirring, rotating speed is adjusted to 1600rpm, input polypropylene fibre, powder of lacquer putty for use on, wollastonite in powder, calcium formate And water, cement slurry is made in stirring 20min in mixing and blending machine;
4) cement slurry is added in blender and stirred evenly, after enter microwave frequency to handle under conditions of 105GHz 6min, then enters and stands 1.5h under isoperibol;
5) slurry finally is poured into continuous pressing mold in mould to be molded;
6) heating curing through being vented, suppress, after pressurize makes mixture reach dense state, the demoulding, obtains blank;
7) blank obtained by step 6) is conserved, rear drying to blank moisture is less than 1%, so far expanded perlite Prepared by thermal insulation board completes.
Equipment used in continuous mould pressing shaping is hydraulic press in step (5), and the pressure of hydraulic press is 50t;
Heat-cured temperature is 60 DEG C in step (5), time 6h.
Embodiment 3:
Environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials, including the component of following mass fraction are prepared:Modified expanded pearl 80 parts of rock, 35 parts of cement, 28 parts of water, 16 parts of bagasse powder, 12 parts of dry mud, 10 parts of prodan, 5 parts of calcium stearate, addition 10 parts of agent, 1 part of polypropylene fibre, 5 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, 5 parts of wollastonite in powder, 3 parts of calcium formate.
Expanded perlite wherein in said components is needed by modification before use:Specifically method of modifying is:
(1) perlite is preheated, perlite is preheated 15 minutes using 400 DEG C of temperature during preheating;
(2) perlite is directly heated, is heated to 1300 DEG C of progress expanding treatments, makes perlite volumetric expansion 15 Times, obtain expanded perlite;
(3) treat expanded perlite Temperature fall, when temperature is down to 200 DEG C, expanded perlite is sprayed to expanded perlite The methyltriethoxysilane of gross weight 15%;
(4) continue to be cooled to room temperature after the completion of spraying, 30 mesh sieves are then crossed, up to modified expanded perlite.
Same above-mentioned dry mud passes through modification before use:Specifically processing method is:
(1) 15 parts of dry muds of mass fraction, 8 parts of inorganic bonding agents, 12 parts of water mixing are taken, and are stirred evenly;
(2) material stirred evenly is put into microwave equipment, with the condition microwave treatment 15S of microwave frequency 55GHz;
(3) raw material after microwave treatment is entered in reaction kettle, stirred, then add 0.6 part of binding agent and 2-5 parts of silicates Be warming up to 90 DEG C after crushing, stirring, be sealed 4 it is small when after both.
Above-mentioned bagasse powder is needed by processing before use, and when processing takes the wheat flour of 1/3 amount of bagasse powder quality, with Bagasse powder is uniformly mixed, and the mica powder for then adding 1/4 amount of bagasse powder quality is uniformly mixed again, is then entered microwave and is set Both obtained after handling 5S in standby with the frequency microwave of 35GHz;
Additive includes:Foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and bonding agent;Wherein foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and viscous The mass ratio for connecing agent is 1:2:2:1;
Before use by pre-processing, specific preprocess method is wollastonite in powder:
(1) wollastonite in powder of 15 mass parts is taken, 110 DEG C are warming up to it, then adds 3 parts of quick limes, at the uniform velocity stirring is equal It is even;
(2) salt of 1.5 parts of mass fraction is taken, is added thereto after its thawing, adds 5 parts of silicates, 400 are crossed after grinding After mesh sieve net both;
The procedure of processing of environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials is prepared using above material composition, specific method is:
1) 30min will be stirred in modified expanded perlite, cement input mixing and blending machine under the stirring of 2000rpm rotating speeds;
2) rotating speed is adjusted to 1500rpm rotating speeds, bagasse powder, dry mud, prodan, hard is put into mixing and blending machine Resin acid calcium, additive, stir 30min;
3) after the completion of stirring, rotating speed is adjusted to 1700rpm, input polypropylene fibre, powder of lacquer putty for use on, wollastonite in powder, calcium formate And water, cement slurry is made in stirring 30min in mixing and blending machine;
4) cement slurry is added in blender and stirred evenly, after enter microwave frequency to handle under conditions of 110GHz 8min, then enters and stands 2h under isoperibol;
5) slurry finally is poured into continuous pressing mold in mould to be molded;
6) heating curing through being vented, suppress, after pressurize makes mixture reach dense state, the demoulding, obtains blank;
7) blank obtained by step 6) is conserved, rear drying to blank moisture is less than 1%, so far expanded perlite Prepared by thermal insulation board completes.
Equipment used in continuous mould pressing shaping is hydraulic press in step (5), and the pressure of hydraulic press is 50t;
Heat-cured temperature is 75 DEG C in step (5), time 8h.
Comparative example 1:
A kind of fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials, including the component of following mass fraction are prepared:Expanded perlite 60-80 Part, 20-35 parts of cement, 20-28 parts of water, 8-12 parts of dry mud, 5-10 parts of prodan, 2-5 parts of calcium stearate, additive 5-10 Part, 0.5-1 parts of polypropylene fibre, 1-5 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on.
Dry mud passes through modification before use:Specifically processing method is:
(1) 10-15 parts of dry muds of mass fraction, 3-8 parts of inorganic bonding agents, 8-12 parts of water mixing are taken, and are stirred evenly;
(2) material stirred evenly is put into microwave equipment, with the condition microwave treatment 10- of microwave frequency 50-55GHz 15S;
(3) raw material after microwave treatment is entered in reaction kettle, stirred, then add 0.5-0.6 parts of binding agents and 2-5 parts of silicon After hydrochlorate crushing, stirring be warming up to 60-90 DEG C, be sealed 3-4 it is small when after both.
Additive includes:Foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and bonding agent;Wherein foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and viscous The mass ratio for connecing agent is 1:2:2:1;
The procedure of processing of fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials is prepared using above-mentioned raw materials component, specific method is:
1) 5min will be stirred in expanded perlite, cement input mixing and blending machine under the stirring of 1000rpm rotating speeds;
2) rotating speed is adjusted to 8000rpm rotating speeds, dry mud, prodan is put into mixing and blending machine, calcium stearate, is added Add agent, stir 10min;
3) after the completion of stirring, rotating speed is adjusted to 1100rpm, input polypropylene fibre, powder of lacquer putty for use on and water, in mixing and blending machine Cement slurry is made in middle stirring 20min;
4) cement slurry is poured into continuous pressing mold in mould to be molded;
5) heating curing through being vented, suppress, after pressurize makes mixture reach dense state, the demoulding, obtains blank, drying, extremely Prepared by this expanded perlite thermal-nsulation plate completes.
Comparative example 2:
A kind of fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials, including the component of following mass fraction are prepared:70 parts of expanded perlite, water 28 parts of mud, 25 parts of water, 8 parts of prodan, 3.5 parts of calcium stearate, 7 parts of additive, 0.6 part of polypropylene fibre, 3 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, 3 parts of calcium formate;
The additive includes:Foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant and bonding agent;Wherein foaming agent, water-reducing agent, fire retardant Mass ratio with bonding agent is 1:2:2:1;
The procedure of processing of fireproof waterproof heat-preservation building materials is prepared using above-mentioned raw materials component, specific method is:
1) 10min will be stirred in expanded perlite, cement input mixing and blending machine under the stirring of 500rpm rotating speeds;
2) rotating speed is adjusted to 600rpm rotating speeds, prodan, calcium stearate, additive is put into mixing and blending machine, is stirred Mix 10min;
3) after the completion of stirring, rotating speed is adjusted to 800rpm, input polypropylene fibre, powder of lacquer putty for use on, calcium formate and water, are mixing 10min is stirred in mixer cement slurry is made;
4) cement slurry is poured into continuous pressing mold in mould to be molded;
5) heating curing through being vented, suppress, after pressurize makes mixture reach dense state, the demoulding, obtain it is dry after blank, extremely Prepared by this expanded perlite thermal-nsulation plate completes.
Environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials are prepared according to the scheme of embodiment 1-3 respectively, then to the following of building materials Performance is test, and test result and the comparative example 1-2 thermal insulation boards being prepared are contrasted, and specific statistics is as follows Shown in side:
By above-mentioned contrast, it can be seen that the performance of the environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials of this law preparation in every respect On relative to mill run all have be obviously improved, have effects that raising total quality, fire protecting performance is superior, light, strong Degree is high, thermal conductivity factor is low, good with the tack coat and cracking resistance protective layer compatibility of heat-insulation system, and integral processing is simple, It is convenient.
The basic principles, main features and the advantages of the invention have been shown and described above.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe this The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and modifications of the present invention are possible, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (6)

1. environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials, it is characterised in that:Component including following mass fraction is prepared:It is modified 60-80 parts of expanded perlite, 20-35 parts of cement, 20-28 parts of water, 10-16 parts of bagasse powder, 8-12 parts of dry mud, prodan 5-10 parts, 2-5 parts of calcium stearate, 5-10 parts of additive, 0.5-1 parts of polypropylene fibre, 1-5 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, wollastonite in powder 3-5 Part, 2-3 parts of calcium formate.
2. environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The preferred solution of each component For:65-75 parts of modified expanded perlite, 25-30 parts of cement, 22-26 parts of water, 12-14 parts of bagasse powder, 8-10 parts of dry mud, 6-9 parts of prodan, 3-4 parts of calcium stearate, 6-8 parts of additive, 0.5-0.8 parts of polypropylene fibre, 2-4 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, silicon ash 3-5 parts of mountain flour, 2-3 parts of calcium formate.
3. environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The optimum proportioning of each component Scheme is:70 parts of modified expanded perlite, 28 parts of cement, 25 parts of water, 13 parts of bagasse powder, 9 parts of dry mud, 8 parts of prodan, 3.5 parts of calcium stearate, 7 parts of additive, 0.6 part of polypropylene fibre, 3 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on, 4 parts of wollastonite in powder, 3 parts of calcium formate.
4. the processing technology of environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials, it is characterised in that:Specific method is:
1) 5- will be stirred in modified expanded perlite, cement input mixing and blending machine under the stirring of 1500-2000rpm rotating speeds 30min;
2) rotating speed is adjusted to 1200-1500rpm rotating speeds, in mixing and blending machine put into bagasse powder, dry mud, prodan, Calcium stearate, additive, stir 5-30min;
3) after the completion of stirring, rotating speed is adjusted to 1500-1700rpm, input polypropylene fibre, powder of lacquer putty for use on, wollastonite in powder, calcium formate And water, cement slurry is made in stirring 5-30min in mixing and blending machine;
4) cement slurry is added in blender and stirred evenly, after enter microwave frequency to handle 5- under conditions of 100-110GHz 8min, then enters and stands 1-2h under isoperibol;
5) slurry finally is poured into continuous pressing mold in mould to be molded;
6) heating curing through being vented, suppress, after pressurize makes mixture reach dense state, the demoulding, obtains blank;
7) blank obtained by step 6) is conserved, rear drying to blank moisture is less than 1%, so far expanded perlite thermal-nsulation Prepared by plate completes.
5. the processing technology of environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials, it is characterised in that:Continuous mould pressing shaping is made in step (5) Equipment is hydraulic press, and the pressure of hydraulic press is 50t.
6. the processing technology of environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials, it is characterised in that:Heat-cured temperature is in step (5) 55-75 DEG C, time 5-8h.
CN201711247289.7A 2017-12-01 2017-12-01 Environmentally protective fireproof and waterproof light building materials preparation method Pending CN108002756A (en)

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CN102329115A (en) * 2011-06-21 2012-01-25 东莞市保源达房地产开发有限公司 Lightweight wallboard manufactured by utilizing sugar mill sludge and manufacturing method thereof
CN102329116A (en) * 2011-06-21 2012-01-25 东莞市保源达房地产开发有限公司 Light-weight wallboard manufactured by utilizing sludge from pond and manufacturing method thereof
CN102336544A (en) * 2011-06-21 2012-02-01 东莞市保源达房地产开发有限公司 Lightweight wallboard manufactured by using urban sludge and manufacturing method for lightweight wallboard
CN105924122A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-09-07 中晶工程材料(信阳)有限公司 Lightweight waterproof modified expanded perlite insulation board and production method thereof
CN106365679A (en) * 2016-09-19 2017-02-01 河南四海建材设备有限公司 Light partition board and preparation method thereof

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CN102329115A (en) * 2011-06-21 2012-01-25 东莞市保源达房地产开发有限公司 Lightweight wallboard manufactured by utilizing sugar mill sludge and manufacturing method thereof
CN102329116A (en) * 2011-06-21 2012-01-25 东莞市保源达房地产开发有限公司 Light-weight wallboard manufactured by utilizing sludge from pond and manufacturing method thereof
CN102336544A (en) * 2011-06-21 2012-02-01 东莞市保源达房地产开发有限公司 Lightweight wallboard manufactured by using urban sludge and manufacturing method for lightweight wallboard
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CN108975861A (en) * 2018-09-17 2018-12-11 淄博正邦知识产权企划有限公司 A kind of high-strength light environmental-friendly construction material and preparation method thereof

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