CN107988851A - Soluble ceramic fiber plate and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Soluble ceramic fiber plate and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107988851A
CN107988851A CN201711041750.3A CN201711041750A CN107988851A CN 107988851 A CN107988851 A CN 107988851A CN 201711041750 A CN201711041750 A CN 201711041750A CN 107988851 A CN107988851 A CN 107988851A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ceramic fiber
soluble
fiber plate
soluble ceramic
fibre
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711041750.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李建华
于宝刚
王毅欣
白宗英
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
COLLEGE OF CHINESE PEOPLE'S ARMED POLICE FORCES
Chinese Peoples Armed Police Force Academy
Original Assignee
COLLEGE OF CHINESE PEOPLE'S ARMED POLICE FORCES
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Application filed by COLLEGE OF CHINESE PEOPLE'S ARMED POLICE FORCES filed Critical COLLEGE OF CHINESE PEOPLE'S ARMED POLICE FORCES
Priority to CN201711041750.3A priority Critical patent/CN107988851A/en
Publication of CN107988851A publication Critical patent/CN107988851A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21JFIBREBOARD; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM CELLULOSIC FIBROUS SUSPENSIONS OR FROM PAPIER-MACHE
    • D21J3/00Manufacture of articles by pressing wet fibre pulp, or papier-mâché, between moulds
    • D21J3/12Manufacture of articles by pressing wet fibre pulp, or papier-mâché, between moulds of sheets; of diaphragms
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21JFIBREBOARD; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM CELLULOSIC FIBROUS SUSPENSIONS OR FROM PAPIER-MACHE
    • D21J1/00Fibreboard
    • D21J1/02Cutting, e.g. using wet saws
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21JFIBREBOARD; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM CELLULOSIC FIBROUS SUSPENSIONS OR FROM PAPIER-MACHE
    • D21J1/00Fibreboard
    • D21J1/06Drying

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Building Environments (AREA)
  • Special Wing (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of soluble ceramic fiber plate and preparation method thereof, the plate is formed by tapetum fibrosum compacting, and the tapetum fibrosum includes 85 90wt% of soluble fibre, 2 4wt% of thermal insulating filling, 3 5wt% of fire resistant infilling, 3 5wt% of inorganic binder, 0.5 1.5wt% of organic bond.Soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention is harmless, unit weight is small, low thermal conductivity, fire-protection rating are high, and can realize embossing, simple production process.

Description

Soluble ceramic fiber plate and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fire-proof board, more particularly to a kind of environmental-friendly soluble ceramic fiber plate and its Preparation method.
Background technology
Not only chemical inertness is strong but also belongs to cause for the conventional vacuum heat-barrier materials such as mineral wool, mineral wool, alumina-silicate ceramic fibre Cancer fibrous material.With China's industrial expansion, heat preserving and insulating material dosage is increasing, it is necessary to considers its shadow to environment Ring.New edition fire resistant doorsets standard GB/T 12955-2008 proposes anti-fire door core board tightened up requirement:First, core material will Reach the A1 levels of 8624 combustibilities of GB, after making fire resistant doorsets, fire endurance time of fire resistant doorsets lengthens, for up to 3 it is small when; It is required that using environment-friendly materials, reach ZA2 grades of the smoke toxicity classification of risks of production of GB/T20285 regulations.If packing material in door leaf, Ying Cai With to the nontoxic fire-proof heat-insulating material of human body, forbid, using resinous materials such as rock wool, alumina silicate, reducing to health of human body Influence.The heavy plate of the present most selection non-fiber classes of domestic enterprise, such as expanded pearlite rock beam, magnesia pearlite slab Do core plate, such core plate unit weight is big, property it is crisp it is frangible, corrosion steel plate, material is harder, plate can not be embossed and can only texturing, add Work complex process and production scene dust pollution is serious, the feature of environmental protection is poor.
As domestic fire resistant doorsets enterprise is to the increasingly urgent of flexible core plate demand, and new nation's standard requirement increasingly carries Height, develops flexible, low unit weight, high fire-protection rate, the environment-protection fiber class anti-fire door core board that can be embossed, becomes urgent and important class Topic.
The content of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned problems, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of soluble ceramic fiber plate and preparation method thereof, with Solve the above-mentioned problems of the prior art, the soluble ceramic fiber plate is harmless, unit weight is small, low thermal conductivity, anti- Fiery grade is high, and can realize embossing, is polluted in simple production process, production process small.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following scheme:A kind of soluble ceramic fiber plate, the plate by Tapetum fibrosum compacting forms, and the tapetum fibrosum includes soluble fibre 85-90wt%, thermal insulating filling 2-4wt%, fire resistant infilling 3- 5wt%, inorganic binder 3-5wt%, organic bond 0.5-1.5wt%.
Soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention, wherein, the soluble fibre uses calcium magnesium silicate ceramic fibre or silicic acid Magnesium ceramic fibre or ca silicate fibre.
Soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention, wherein, the thermal insulating filling is light heat-insulating material.
Soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention, wherein, the light heat-insulating material is expanded perlite or expanded vermiculite Or expanded graphite.
Soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention, wherein, the fire resistant infilling is basalt or basalt fibre or dioxy Change zirconium.
Soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention, wherein, the inorganic adhesive is Ludox.
Soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention, wherein, the organic bond is organic-silicon-modified resin.
A kind of preparation method of soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention, comprises the following steps:(1) by soluble fibre 85- 90wt%, thermal insulating filling 2-4wt%, fire resistant infilling 3-5wt%, inorganic binder 3-5wt%, organic bond 0.5- Slurries are made by mixing in 1.5wt%, and (2) make above-mentioned slurries be molded and dry tapetum fibrosum is made, and (3) are cut as needed Above-mentioned tapetum fibrosum.
The preparation method of soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention, wherein, silk is got rid of using melting in the step (2) Tapetum fibrosum is made in method.
Soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention, wherein, fourdrinier wire wet-process moulding is used in the step (2), is used Disc type continuous drier or microwave type continuous drier complete drying.
The present invention achieves following technique effect relative to the prior art:
Suppressed and formed by tapetum fibrosum due to soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention, the main component of tapetum fibrosum is solubility Fiber, Soluble Fiber have excellent fire resistance, mechanical mechanics property and good biodegradability, endanger to human body Evil is minimum, while is also added into thermal insulating filling, fire resistant infilling, therefore manufactured soluble ceramic fiber plate has well resistance to Fire screen hot property, combustibility reach A1 grades, and fire resistant doorsets compression strength >=0.10MPa of 50 ㎜ plates filling, reaches A1.5 first Level door standard, when burning is formaldehydeless to wait toxic gas release, and production smoke toxicity reaches more than ZA2 grades, safer, and processes work Skill is simple, by embossing product can be made more attractive, various, be polluted in process small.
Soluble fibre in soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention uses calcium magnesium silicate ceramic fibre, calcium magnesium silicate ceramics Fiber not only has excellent fire resistance, mechanical mechanics property and good biodegradability, is Conventional insulation Potential substitute, and the raw material very abundant of calcium magnesium silicate ceramic fibre is prepared, possess a large amount of manufacture calcium magnesium silicate potteries The prerequisite of porcelain fiber, makes soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention to be widely popularized, be widely used in industrial heat preservation, disappear The fields such as anti-, civilian exterior-wall heat insulation, have significant economic benefit and social benefit.
Embodiment
The technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described below, it is clear that described embodiment Only part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, the common skill in this area Art personnel all other embodiments obtained without making creative work, belong to the model that the present invention protects Enclose.
Embodiment one
A kind of soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention, is formed by tapetum fibrosum compacting, and tapetum fibrosum includes calcium magnesium silicate ceramics Fiber 88wt%, lightweight heat-proof filler expanded perlite 4wt%, fire resistant infilling basalt 4wt%, inorganic binder Ludox The organic-silicon-modified resin 1wt% of 3wt%, organic bond, wherein basalt are natural inorganic mineral matter, play the work of porcelain agent With raising refractory temperature simultaneously strengthens the mechanical property of tapetum fibrosum.
Embodiment two
A kind of soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention, is formed, it is fine that tapetum fibrosum includes magnesium silicate ceramic by tapetum fibrosum compacting Tie up 85.5wt%, lightweight heat-proof filler expanded vermiculite 3wt%, fire resistant infilling basalt fibre 5wt%, inorganic binder Ludox The organic-silicon-modified resin 1.5wt% of 5wt%, organic bond, wherein basalt fibre are the inorganic mineral through artificial treatment, Play the role of porcelain agent, improve refractory temperature and strengthen the mechanical property of tapetum fibrosum.
Embodiment three
A kind of soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention, is formed, it is fine that tapetum fibrosum includes magnesium silicate ceramic by tapetum fibrosum compacting Tie up 90wt%, lightweight heat-proof filler expanded vermiculite 2wt%, fire resistant infilling basalt fibre 3wt%, inorganic binder Ludox The organic-silicon-modified resin 0.5wt% of 4.5wt%, organic bond.
Soluble fibre is with SiO2, CaO, MgO be component refractory fibre, the Half-life in human body is short (12 days), With good bio-soluble, the Soluble Fiber in soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention, which can also use, removes calcium magnesium silicate Ca silicate fibre outside ceramic fibre, magnesium silicate ceramic fiber, lightweight heat-proof filler may be used also in addition to expanded vermiculite, expanded perlite Using expanded graphite, fire resistant infilling can also use zirconium dioxide in addition to basalt, basalt fibre, using made of above-mentioned material Its unit weight of soluble ceramic fiber plate is no more than 220kg/m, has good refractory heat-insulating performance, and combustibility reaches A1 Level, the fire resistant doorsets of 50 ㎜ plates filling, compression strength >=0.10MPa reach A1.5 first class door standards, and when burning is formaldehydeless etc. to be had Poisonous gas discharge, and production smoke toxicity reaches more than ZA2 grades, safer.Meanwhile soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention not only may be used It is used as anti-fire door core board, it may also be used for the core plate of other fireproofing installations.
The preparation method of soluble ceramic fiber plate of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
(1) by Soluble Fiber 85-90wt%, thermal insulating filling 2-4wt%, fire resistant infilling 3-5wt%, inorganic binder 3- Slurries are made by mixing in 5wt%, organic bond 0.5-1.5wt%,
(2) above-mentioned slurries are made continuously to be done using fourdrinier wire wet-process moulding and using disc type continuous drier or microwave type Dry machine completes drying and plate is made, and can specifically use the outstanding objective disc type continuous drying equipment of wheat or suddenly be set up to microwave continuous drying It is standby.
(3) the stand-by plate by above-mentioned plate cutting into required size as needed;
(4) it is after quality inspection, above-mentioned stand-by plate storage is stand-by.
220kg/m is no more than using its unit weight of soluble ceramic fiber plate made of the above method, there is well resistance to Fire screen hot property, combustibility reach A1 grades, and the fire resistant doorsets of 50 ㎜ plates filling, compression strength >=0.10MPa, reaches A1.5 first Level door standard, when burning is formaldehydeless to wait toxic gas release, and production smoke toxicity reaches more than ZA2 grades, safer, and can press in advance Floral designs are made, can arbitrarily be cut as needed, not halogen efficient and convenient with fireproof door frame or the assembling of other fireproofing installations Change, not only can be used as anti-fire door core board, it may also be used for other fireproofing installations.
Specific case is applied in the present invention to be set forth the principle of the present invention and embodiment, above example Illustrate to be only intended to help the method and its core concept for understanding the present invention;Meanwhile for those of ordinary skill in the art, according to According to the thought of the present invention, in specific embodiments and applications there will be changes.In conclusion this specification content It should not be construed as limiting the invention.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. soluble ceramic fiber plate, it is characterised in that:The plate is formed by tapetum fibrosum compacting, the tapetum fibrosum bag Include soluble fibre 85-90wt%, thermal insulating filling 2-4wt%, fire resistant infilling 3-5wt%, inorganic binder 3-5wt%, You Jijie Mixture 0.5-1.5wt%.
  2. 2. soluble ceramic fiber plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The soluble fibre uses calcium silicates Magnesium ceramic fibre or magnesium silicate ceramic fiber or ca silicate fibre.
  3. 3. soluble ceramic fiber plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The thermal insulating filling is lightweight heat-proof Material.
  4. 4. soluble ceramic fiber plate according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The light heat-insulating material is expansion Perlite or expanded vermiculite or expanded graphite.
  5. 5. soluble ceramic fiber plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fire resistant infilling for basalt or Basalt fibre or zirconium dioxide.
  6. 6. soluble ceramic fiber plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The inorganic adhesive is molten for silicon Glue.
  7. 7. soluble ceramic fiber plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The organic bond is organosilicon Modified resin.
  8. 8. the preparation method of any soluble ceramic fiber plates of the claims 1-7, it is characterised in that including under State step:
    (1) by soluble fibre 85-90wt%, thermal insulating filling 2-4wt%, fire resistant infilling 3-5wt%, inorganic binder 3-5wt%, Slurries are made by mixing in organic bond 0.5-1.5wt%,
    (2) above-mentioned slurries is molded and is dried and tapetum fibrosum be made,
    (3) above-mentioned tapetum fibrosum is cut as needed.
  9. 9. the preparation method of soluble ceramic fiber plate according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:In the step (2) tapetum fibrosum is made in the method for getting rid of silk in using melting.
  10. 10. the preparation method of soluble ceramic fiber plate according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:In the step (2) fourdrinier wire wet-process moulding is used in, drying is completed using disc type continuous drier or microwave type continuous drier.
CN201711041750.3A 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 Soluble ceramic fiber plate and preparation method thereof Pending CN107988851A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111662067A (en) * 2020-06-05 2020-09-15 深圳市达鸿新材料科技有限公司 Aluminum silicate high-temperature-resistant cotton for fireproof coiled material and preparation method thereof
CN111763062A (en) * 2020-05-18 2020-10-13 唐山华纤科技有限公司 Inorganic fiber insulation board and preparation method and application thereof
CN112608123A (en) * 2020-12-16 2021-04-06 山东鲁阳节能材料股份有限公司 Biological environment-friendly inorganic board and preparation method thereof
CN112624722A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-09 山东鲁阳节能材料股份有限公司 High-density board with expanded vermiculite as base material and preparation method thereof
WO2023000250A1 (en) * 2021-07-22 2023-01-26 3M创新有限公司 Fireproof composite board and fireproof structure
CN116334957A (en) * 2021-12-15 2023-06-27 山东鲁阳节能材料股份有限公司 Soluble fiber paper and preparation method thereof

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111763062A (en) * 2020-05-18 2020-10-13 唐山华纤科技有限公司 Inorganic fiber insulation board and preparation method and application thereof
CN111763062B (en) * 2020-05-18 2022-02-18 唐山华纤科技有限公司 Inorganic fiber insulation board and preparation method and application thereof
CN111662067A (en) * 2020-06-05 2020-09-15 深圳市达鸿新材料科技有限公司 Aluminum silicate high-temperature-resistant cotton for fireproof coiled material and preparation method thereof
CN112608123A (en) * 2020-12-16 2021-04-06 山东鲁阳节能材料股份有限公司 Biological environment-friendly inorganic board and preparation method thereof
CN112624722A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-09 山东鲁阳节能材料股份有限公司 High-density board with expanded vermiculite as base material and preparation method thereof
WO2023000250A1 (en) * 2021-07-22 2023-01-26 3M创新有限公司 Fireproof composite board and fireproof structure
CN116334957A (en) * 2021-12-15 2023-06-27 山东鲁阳节能材料股份有限公司 Soluble fiber paper and preparation method thereof

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