A kind of milling machine with dedusting function
The present invention relates to milling machine mechanical equipment technical fields, and in particular to a kind of milling machine with dedusting function.
Milling machine is the lathe for carrying out Milling Process to workpiece with milling cutter.Milling machine is except energy milling plane, groove, the gear teeth, screw thread
Outside splined shaft, moreover it is possible to process more complicated type face, efficiency is answered compared with planer height in machine-building and repairing department extensively
Milling machine can often generate more scrap useless dirt during processing to workpiece, on board, these scrap are useless
Dirt persistently accumulates on board, is easy to block the movement for hindering workpiece or milling cutter, to bring inconvenience to work pieces process, no
Conducive to the normal process of workpiece, it is therefore desirable to handled in time the useless dirt of scrap on milling machine.
Summary of the invention
The invention is intended to provide a kind of milling machine with dedusting function, to give up dirt progress in time to the scrap accumulated on milling machine
In order to achieve the above objectives, basic technology scheme of the invention is as follows: a kind of milling machine with dedusting function, including machine
Platform, board are equipped with groove, and the slot bottom of groove is connected with sewage pipe, and opening and closing plate is rotatably connected in sewage pipe, open and close and connect on plate
It is connected to spring, spring is connected on the side wall of sewage pipe far from one end of opening and closing plate, is opened and closed and is communicated on the sewage pipe on the downside of plate
Negative-pressure air fan, the interior flabellum for being equipped with rotation connection of negative-pressure air fan；The shaft of bellows and rotation connection is additionally provided on board, bellows connect
It is connected to tee tube, tee tube includes that first end, second end and third end, first end are connected to bellows, second end and negative-pressure air fan
Connection, third end extends in groove；Shaft is connected with power mechanism, and swing rod is fixedly connected in shaft, hinged on board
There is the first bar, and be fixedly connected with recessed disk on the first bar, the second bar is equipped between the first bar and swing rod, the both ends of the second bar are distinguished
It being hinged on the first bar and swing rod, water tank is additionally provided on board, water tank is communicated with water pipe, and water pipe extends to the surface of recessed disk,
Third end is located at the underface of recessed disk.
The principle of this programme is: after milling cutter is to the work pieces process on board, the useless dirt of the scrap of generation is deposited on board
In groove.When power mechanism drives shaft rotation, shaft drives swing rod rotation, and swing rod is pulled and the by the second hinged bar
The first hinged bar of two bars follows swing, so that the recessed disk being fixedly connected on the first bar be promoted to rotate.Recessed disk is first
It is intermittent in balance and heeling condition under the drive of bar.When recessed disk balance, water tank is intake from water pipe into recessed disk, and recessed disk continues
Ponding；When recessed disk is changed into heeling condition, water is poured onto groove by recessed disk, to rush to the useless dirt of scrap in groove
It washes.Since water is put aside by recessed disk to being poured onto groove after a certain amount of again, continues to flow into compared to water to groove, enhance
The momentum effect of water enhances the flushing effect to useless dirt scrap.Upper surface that groove is lower than, thus be placed in and processed on board
Workpiece will not be contacted with the water that lower section is flowed through, to keep workpiece surface drying and the following process convenient for workpiece.
Meanwhile the wind in bellows is blown into negative-pressure air fan and groove respectively via tee tube.When recessed disk is in equilibrium state
When, it is less to be blown to the throughput in negative-pressure air fan by second end for the outlet air simultaneously of second end and third end, thus to the impulse force of flabellum
Smaller, air-flow pushes the speed of flabellum rotation slower, therefore negative-pressure air fan is weaker to the suction function of sewage pipe, opens and closes plate at this time
It is not influenced by negative pressure and is closed sewage pipe.When recessed disk run-off the straight, the lower part of recessed disk will extend into the third in groove
End resistance gear, makes third end by temporary closure, so that being increased from the throughput that second end is blowed into negative-pressure air fan, air-flow
Push flabellum quickly to rotate so that negative-pressure air fan works normally and generates stronger negative pressure to sewage pipe, negative pressure promote to open and close plate to
It rotates in sewage pipe and opens sewage pipe, spring is compressed, the useless dirt of scrap after sewage pipe is connected to groove, in groove
It is poured by water to sewage pipe, and is quickly discharged by sewage pipe, to realize that effective flushing to groove is cleared up.Pass through recessed disk
Reciprocating rotation intermittently opens and closes second end, so that negative-pressure air fan can be controlled when recessed disk is to groove water-filling
Opening and closing plate rotates and opens sewage pipe, and when recessed disk balance, opening and closing plate resets under the action of the spring again and closes sewage pipe
It closes, so that scrap is given up dirt by the intermittent orderly discharge of sewage pipe by the impulse force using water, sewage pipe is avoided to continue discharge and cause
The problem of blowdown blockage.
This programme the utility model has the advantages that the 1, present invention drives the first bar reciprocally swinging using shaft and realizes the reciprocating rotary of recessed disk
It is dynamic, so that recessed disk intermittence in balance and heeling condition, to realize intermittence effectively bath of the recessed disk to groove, utilizes water
Impulse force promotes the useless dirt of scrap effectively to be rinsed, and enhances debris removal dust removing effects；2, it using the reciprocating motion of recessed disk, realizes to negative pressure wind
The control of the power of suction function caused by machine, so that opening and closing plate automatically opens under stronger suction function, and the row of realization
The intermittent discharge of dirty pipe prevents sewage pipe from continuing discharge and being given up dirt blocking by scrap.
Preferably, as an improvement, board is equipped with support plate, and support plate is located at the surface of board, in support plate
Equipped with baffle plate, for baffle plate between support plate and board, baffle plate includes the baffle that multi-panel is hinged, and is connected between adjacent screen
Have a spring, baffle plate far from one end of recessed disk be fixedly connected on the supporting plate, the other end is slidably connected on the supporting plate, and on baffle plate
It is equipped with slide bar, sliding bar connects on the supporting plate, and slide bar sequentially passes through multi-panel baffle, and push rod, recessed disk are hinged on slide bar
On be connected with bracket, bracket is located on the inside of recessed disk, and push rod is hinged on bracket.When recessed disk is changed into heeling condition by equilibrium state
When, bracket follows recessed disk mobile and pushes slide bar by push rod, and slide bar slides on baffle plate.Since one end of baffle plate is solid
Determine on the supporting plate, and the other end is to be slidably connected on the supporting plate, thus slide bar will slide baffle plate during sliding
The one end of dynamic connection on the supporting plate, which is formed, to be squeezed, so that the multi-panel baffle of baffle plate folds, is connected between adjacent screen
Spring contraction, water to will not stop the banking motion of recessed disk is poured onto ditch convenient for recessed disk in rounding state by baffle plate at this time
In slot；When recessed disk is changed into equilibrium state by heeling condition, bracket follows mobile and pulls slide bar by push rod, and slide bar is reversed
Mobile, the spring elongation between adjacent screen promotes baffle plate to stretch, and baffle plate is blocked in the outside at third end, so that third end is to ditch
It effectively dries in slot and air-dries groove, prevent the useless dirt of subsequent scrap to be adhered on moist trenched side-wall, the blocking of baffle plate
On the one hand it can prevent air-flow from air, causing groove can not far from the one end at third end by rapid dispersion after the blowout of third end
Effectively air-dried；On the other hand can anti-antipriming pipe when pouring water into recessed disk, water splashes in surrounding.
Preferably, as an improvement, lever is rotatably connected in support plate, lever is located at slide bar close to one end of baffle plate
Downside, and the end of lever and slide bar offsets, and the other end of lever is hinged with pull rod, and pull rod is connected with the piston of heavy, machine
The side of platform is equipped with filter pocket, filter pocket and trench intersection and is located at the underface of piston, is equipped with filter screen in filter pocket.Portion in groove
After dividing the useless dirt of scrap to pour filter pocket by water, when sliding bar, which squeezes baffle plate, to be collapsed, the end of slide bar causes to squeeze to lever,
So that the one end to offset on lever with slide bar sinks, the other end of lever is lifted, to pass through pull rod for the piston of connection
Pull-up；After slide bar return, the abutting for losing slide bar on lever with one end that slide bar offsets is acted on and upper lift, the other end of lever
Sink under the gravity of piston, so that piston be made to fall in filter pocket and compress the useless dirt of scrap in filter pocket, and will give up
The water considered to be worth doing in useless dirt squeezes discharge, the independent processing of dirt and recycling for water consequently facilitating scrap gives up.
Preferably, as an improvement, sewage pipe has multiple, and multiple sewage pipes are connected with Rose Box jointly, filter pocket also with
Rose Box connection.The blowdown simultaneously of multiple sewage pipes enhances the cleaning effect to groove conducive to the rapid pollution discharging of groove.In groove
Dirt and the water that filters out of filter pocket be discharged into Rose Box after filtering, water is separated again and is able to carry out repeating benefit
With economizing on resources, while being conducive to the independent processing of dirt of giving up to scrap.
Preferably, as an improvement, the one end to offset on slide bar with lever, which is equipped with, pushes against block.It pushes against block and is capable of increasing cunning
Contact area between bar and lever is skidded when slide bar being prevented to be pushed against on lever and is detached from.
Preferably, as an improvement, baffle plate is slidably connected on board close to one end of board.Gear can so be utilized
Screen effectively blocks board progress comprehensively, avoids causing water to be sputtered by gap there are gap between baffle plate and board.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structure chart of the milling machine embodiment with dedusting function of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged view of A0 in Fig. 1.
Below by specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
Appended drawing reference in Figure of description includes: board 1, groove 2, sewage pipe 3, opening and closing plate 4, negative-pressure air fan 5, bellows
6, tee tube 7, second end 8, third end 9, shaft 10, swing rod 11, the second bar 12, the first bar 13, recessed disk 14, bracket 15, water tank
16, support plate 17, baffle plate 18, slide bar 19, abutting block 20, push rod 21, lever 22, piston 23, filter pocket 24, Rose Box 25.
A kind of embodiment milling machine with dedusting function, including board 1 as shown in Figure 1: substantially, board 1 are equipped with groove
2, the slot bottom of groove 2 is connected with four sewage pipes 3, and four sewage pipes 3 are connected with Rose Box 25 jointly.It is equipped with and opens in sewage pipe 3
Closing plate 4, opening and closing plate 4 are equipped with shaft, and shaft both ends are connected on the side wall of sewage pipe 3.Spring, bullet are welded on opening and closing plate 4
Spring is welded on the side wall of sewage pipe 3 far from one end of opening and closing plate 4, is communicated with negative-pressure air fan on the sewage pipe 3 of 4 downside of opening and closing plate
5, negative-pressure air fan 5 is interior to be rotatably connected to flabellum by bearing.1 left part of board is additionally provided with bellows 6 and by bearing rotation connection
Shaft 10, bellows 6 are connected with tee tube 7, and tee tube 7 includes first end, second end 8 and third end 9, and first end and bellows 6 connect
Logical, second end 8 is connected to negative-pressure air fan 5, and third end 9 extends in groove 2.As shown in Fig. 2, shaft 10 is connected with motor, and
It is welded with swing rod 11 in shaft 10, the first bar 13 is hinged on board 1, and be welded with recessed disk 14 on the first bar 13, first
The second bar 12 is equipped between bar 13 and swing rod 11, the both ends of the second bar 12 are respectively hinged on the first bar 13 and swing rod 11.Such as Fig. 1
It is shown, water tank 16 is additionally provided on board 1, water tank 16 is communicated with water pipe, and water pipe extends to the surface of recessed disk 14,9, third end
In the underface of recessed disk 14.
Board 1 is equipped with support plate 17, and support plate 17 is located at the surface of board 1, and support plate 17 is equipped with baffle plate 18, gear
For screen 18 between support plate 17 and board 1, baffle plate 18 includes the baffle that multi-panel is hinged, and is welded with bullet between adjacent screen
Spring, 18 right end of baffle plate is screwed in support plate 17, left end is slidably connected in support plate 17, and the lower end of baffle plate 18 is also slided
It is dynamic to be connected on board 1.18 top of baffle plate is equipped with slide bar 19, and slide bar 19 is slidably connected in support plate 17, and slide bar 19 is successively
Across multi-panel baffle, 19 left end of slide bar is hinged with push rod 21, and bracket 15 is welded on recessed disk 14, and bracket 15 is located at the interior of recessed disk 14
Side, 21 left end of push rod are hinged on bracket 15.Lever 22,22 left end of lever position are rotatably connected to by positioning pin in support plate 17
In the downside of slide bar 19, and 22 left part of lever offsets with the abutting block 20 on the right part of slide bar 19.22 right end of lever is hinged with
Pull rod, pull rod lower end are welded with the piston 23 of irony.The right side of board 1 is equipped with filter pocket 24,2 phase of groove of filter pocket 24 and left side
The underface of piston 23 is connect and be located at, is equipped with filter screen in filter pocket 24, filter pocket 24 is connected to the Rose Box 25 of lower section.
In the present embodiment, when practical application, workpiece is processed on board 1, and the scrap of the generation dirt that gives up is fallen on board 1
Groove 2 in.When initial, recessed disk 14 is in a horizontal state, and the water in water tank 16 is by water pipe stream recesses 14, the quilt in recessed disk 14
It collects.Bellows 6 are by second end 8 and the air draft simultaneously of third end 9 at this time, thus the exhaust air rate of second end 8 is smaller, in negative-pressure air fan 5
Flabellum low speed rotation and smaller negative pressure is generated in sewage pipe 3, opening and closing plate 4 do not rotate under smaller suction function, from
And close sewage pipe 3, scrap gives up dirt without falling into sewage pipe 3.
Start motor, motor drives shaft 10 to rotate, and shaft 10 drives swing rod 11 to rotate around shaft 10, and swing rod 11 passes through
Second bar 12 drives the left end of the first bar 13 to swing above and below.First bar 13 drives recessed disk 14 around the hinge of the first bar 13 and board 1
Contact rotates clockwise and tilts recessed disk 14.The water collected in recessed disk 14 is poured onto groove 2, in groove 2
The useless dirt of scrap is rinsed.The lower end of recessed disk 14 blocks third end 9 simultaneously, and third end 9 stops blowing.At this time bellows 6 only by
Second end 8 is dried, thus the air output of second end 8 becomes larger.Second end 8 makes negative-pressure air fan in a large amount of winds to negative-pressure air fan 5
Flabellum high speed rotation in 5 and stronger negative pressure is generated to sewage pipe 3.Opening and closing plate 4 is influenced by negative pressure and is rotated down, and plate is opened and closed
The spring of 4 connections is compressed.Sewage pipe 3 is opened at this time, and water is rinsed the scrap dirt that gives up, and makes the scrap dirt that gives up that water flow be followed to transport
It moves and is discharged into time to Rose Box 25 by four sewage pipes 3.Water in recessed disk 14 is that intermittence is flow in groove 2, is compared
It persistently washes by water to groove 2, water can be made to generate stronger impulse force to the scrap dirt that gives up, thus cleaning effect of the enhancing to groove 2, portion
Divide the useless dirt of scrap to flow to the right in filter pocket 24 with water to be collected.
Recessed disk 14 pushes push rod 21 to move to right while rotating clockwise, through bracket 15, and push rod 21 pushes slide bar 19 right
It moves, slide bar 19 pushes to the right the left end of baffle plate 18, collapses baffle plate 18 to right folding, and the spring between adjacent screen is pressed
Contracting.The abutting block 20 of 19 right end of slide bar pushes up to the right the left part of lever 22 simultaneously, and slides on lever 22, so that lever
22 left end persistently sinks, and the right end of lever 22 is lifted.When recessed disk 14 rotates counterclockwise, recessed disk 14 once more carries out water
It collects, while third end 9 is opened and dries again, the blowing amount of second end 8 is reduced, and negative-pressure air fan 5 reduces again to blowdown
The suction function of pipe 3, the opening and closing connected spring top of plate 4 are returned in situ and close sewage pipe 3 again.Bracket 15 is by pushing away simultaneously
Bar 21 pulls slide bar 19 to move to left, and compressed spring extends and the stretching, extension automatically to the left by baffle plate 18 on baffle plate 18, and makes baffle plate 18
It is blocked in the outside at third end 9, the air-flow loss everywhere for avoiding third end 9 from being discharged, so that third end 9 is blown to the right end of groove 2
Wind and groove 2 is air-dried, baffle plate 18 simultaneously prevent water tank 16 be discharged water splash to outside.The lower end of baffle plate 18 is slidably connected at
It on board 1, can prevent from that there is gap between baffle plate 18 and board 1 and water is splashed out.Slide bar 19 is in the process being moved to the left
In, drive abutting block 20 to move to left, gradually upper lift, right end sink under the gravity of piston 23 for the left end of lever 22, piston 23
It falls in filter pocket 24 and squeezes out the moisture in the useless dirt of scrap in filter pocket 24, the water being extruded is through the filter screen in filter pocket 24
It is flowed into Rose Box 25 after filtering, after 25 filtration treatment of Rose Box, and can be used again to rinse groove 2.Filtering is existed
The useless dirt of scrap in filter pocket 24 and Rose Box 25 collects, and can focus on to it.
What has been described above is only an embodiment of the present invention, the common sense such as well known specific technical solution and/or characteristic in scheme
It does not describe excessively herein.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, before not departing from technical solution of the present invention
It puts, several modifications and improvements can also be made, these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these all will not influence this
Invent the effect and patent practicability implemented.The scope of protection required by this application should be based on the content of the claims,
The records such as the specific embodiment in specification can be used for explaining the content of claim.