CN107983985B - Mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center - Google Patents

Mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107983985B
CN107983985B CN201711264770.7A CN201711264770A CN107983985B CN 107983985 B CN107983985 B CN 107983985B CN 201711264770 A CN201711264770 A CN 201711264770A CN 107983985 B CN107983985 B CN 107983985B
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China
Prior art keywords
workpiece
cylinder
feeding
working
rewinding
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CN201711264770.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107983985A (en
Inventor
余胜东
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Wenzhou Vocational and Technical College
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Wenzhou Vocational and Technical College
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Priority to CN201711264770.7A priority Critical patent/CN107983985B/en
Publication of CN107983985A publication Critical patent/CN107983985A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B39/00General-purpose boring or drilling machines or devices; Sets of boring and/or drilling machines
    • B23B39/16Drilling machines with a plurality of working-spindles; Drilling automatons
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/04Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of grippers
    • B23Q7/046Handling workpieces or tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2703/00Work clamping
    • B23Q2703/02Work clamping means
    • B23Q2703/04Work clamping means using fluid means or a vacuum

Abstract

The present invention relates to field of machining, a kind of mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center are provided, for carrying out drilling processing to workpiece, comprising: feeding machanism, feeding mechanism, clamping device, drilling sector and receiving mechanism;Feeding machanism is used to provide workpiece to feeding mechanism for discharge position;Feeding mechanism is for will be sent to Working position for the workpiece of discharge position, and feeding mechanism is also used to for the workpiece of Working position to be sent to rewinding position, and feeding mechanism is also used in Working position workpiece pressing;Clamping device is used to workpiece being fixed on Working position;Drilling sector is used to carry out drilling processing to the workpiece of Working position;Receiving mechanism is for collecting the workpiece that feed device is sent to rewinding position.The machinery Hand supplementary intelligent machining center is convenient to feeding, drilling and rewinding operation very simple is carried out to workpiece, can be improved operating efficiency, shortens the time-consuming of drilling process, promotes production capacity.

Description

Mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of field of machining more particularly to a kind of mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining centers.
Background technique
In the prior art, the feeding of drill unit and blanking are completed by different mechanisms, and operation is usually all relatively more multiple It is miscellaneous, and low efficiency, affect the production capacity of automated production.And its mechanism is complicated, and cost is also higher, and for different size Workpiece versatility it is also not high.In addition the stabilization row processed automatically is also to be improved.
Therefore, it is necessary in view of the above-mentioned problems, provide a kind of new mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of new mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center, the machinery Hand supplementary intelligent machining center It can satisfy the requirement that the efficient feeding of automated production, precision are high, stability is good, structure is simple, versatile.
The present invention provides a kind of mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining centers, for carrying out drilling processing to workpiece, comprising: Feeding machanism, feeding mechanism, clamping device, cutting fluid filter mechanism, drilling sector and receiving mechanism;Wherein, the feeding machine Structure is used to provide workpiece to the feeding mechanism for discharge position;The feeding mechanism is used to pass the workpiece for discharge position It send to Working position, the feeding mechanism is also used to for the workpiece of the Working position to be sent to rewinding position, the feeder Structure is also used in the Working position workpiece pressing;The drilling sector is used to add the workpiece progress drilling of the Working position Work;The receiving mechanism is for collecting the workpiece that the feeding mechanism is sent to the rewinding position;The feeding mechanism also wraps Include crossbeam, it is horizontal walk cylinder, feeding manipulator, binder manipulator and rewinding manipulator;The both ends of the crossbeam are respectively close to feed Mechanism and receiving mechanism, the midpoint of the crossbeam are located at the top of the Working position;It is described it is horizontal walk cylinder it is described for driving Feeding manipulator, binder manipulator and rewinding manipulator are moved along the lengthwise extending direction of crossbeam;The clamping device is used for will The workpiece is fixed on the Working position;
The cutting fluid filter mechanism includes water receiver, filter cartridge and water storage box, and table top sliding rail is located at the water receiver Top, the filter cartridge are located at the lower part of the water receiver, and the water storage box is located at the lower part of the filter cartridge;The water receiver Including water-receiving tray, the fence for being set to the water-receiving tray surrounding, the open channel being opened on the water-receiving tray, in institute The surrounding for stating open channel is provided with directing plate for guiding cutting fluid flow direction, and the directing plate is for preventing cutting fluid Fence is flowed to along the lower wall of water-receiving tray;Cutting fluid and iron filings are entered after the open channel in the filter cartridge, Iron filings stay in filter cartridge, and cutting fluid enters water storage box, and the cutting fluid in the water storage box is reached by the conveying of water pump Onto the table top;The filter cartridge include filtering bottom board, positioned at the filtering bottom board front filtering foreboard, be located at the mistake The filtering back plate of filter bottom postlaminar part, the filtering side plate positioned at the filter plate two sides, are provided on the filtering bottom board and are used for The filter hole for the cutting fluid that circulates, the location of described filter hole are the lowest part of the filtering bottom board;In the filtering foreboard Outside be provided with two handles;The filtering foreboard is at inclination arrangement;It is provided between filtering foreboard and the water storage box Observation panel, the filtering foreboard are located at the top of the observation panel;
The clamping device includes processing seat and grip slipper, and the processing seat includes several layers, and layer is removable to each other with layer Unload connection, the grip slipper is removably attached to the top of the processing seat, the grip slipper be in from the box-like of upper opening, Opening is provided on the side wall of the grip slipper, the Sidewall Height of the grip slipper is less than the height of the workpiece;Add described The hole to match with side pin, bottom pin is additionally provided on work seat, the side pin is located at the left side of the workpiece, The bottom pin is located at the lower end surface of the workpiece.It is provided at the right side of the workpiece for clamping the workpiece Middle part clamping device, the right side of the workpiece and the intersection of lower end surface are provided with the end for clamping the workpiece Clamping device.The end clamping device includes: the cylindrical pin and gripper cylinder, flexible connection being fixed on the processing seat In cylindrical pin grip block, be fixed on the gripper cylinder piston-rod end connecting rod.It is provided on the processing seat For accommodating the channel of the connecting rod, the connecting rod is connected to one end of grip block.It is arranged in one end of the grip block There are clamping ramps, when the gripper cylinder drive connection bar acts, the connecting rod drives the grip block to realize to the work The clamping of part, the clamping ramps can push workpiece while to the left side and upper surface direction to move.
Preferably, when the feeding manipulator is close to the receiving mechanism, the workpiece for discharge position can be clamped, When the feeding manipulator is close to the Working position, the workpiece can be placed on the Working position;When the pressure When material manipulator is located above Working position, the binder manipulator can compress or unclamp the workpiece on the Working position; When the rewinding manipulator is close to the Working position, the workpiece of the Working position can be clamped, when the rewinding is mechanical When hand is close to the receiving mechanism, the workpiece can be placed on to the rewinding position.
The machinery Hand supplementary intelligent machining center carries out feeding, drilling and rewinding operation very simple just to workpiece Victory can be improved operating efficiency, shorten the time-consuming of drilling process, promote production capacity.
Preferably, the feeding manipulator includes the first cylinder, the second cylinder and feeding claw, and first cylinder is used for It drives second cylinder and the feeding claw to move along vertical direction, keeps the feeding claw close along vertical direction Or it is separate described for discharge position, and make the feeding claw along vertical direction close to or far from the Working position, it is described Second cylinder is fixedly connected with the piston rod of first cylinder, and second cylinder is for making the feeding claw clamping or pine Open the workpiece.
Preferably, the binder machinery hand includes third cylinder and workpiece briquetting, and the third cylinder is described for driving Workpiece briquetting moves along vertical direction, to make the workpiece briquetting compression or unclamp the workpiece of the Working position.
Preferably, the rewinding manipulator further includes the 4th cylinder, the 5th cylinder, the 6th cylinder and rewinding claw, wherein 4th cylinder makes the receipts for driving the 5th cylinder, the 6th cylinder and rewinding claw to move along vertical direction Expect claw along vertical direction close to or far from Working position, and make the rewinding claw along vertical direction close to or far from Rewinding position, the 5th cylinder are fixedly connected with the piston rod of the 4th cylinder, and the 5th cylinder is described for driving 6th cylinder and the rewinding claw are moved along the direction for being horizontally and perpendicularly to the crossbeam, to make rewinding claw edge The direction is fixedly connected close to or far from Working position, the 6th cylinder with the piston rod of the 5th cylinder, and the described 6th Cylinder is for making workpiece described in the rewinding claw clamp or release.
It preferably, further include device pedestal, the feeding machanism, feeding mechanism, clamping device, drilling sector and collecting machine Structure is arranged on described device pedestal, and described device pedestal includes pedestal, table top, table top sliding rail and bracket, and the table top is logical It crosses the table top sliding rail to be slidably disposed on the pedestal, is arranged and can horizontally slide to the table-surface level, institute Bracket is stated to be fixedly connected with the pedestal.
Preferably, the feeding machanism includes supply base, and the supply base is fixedly connected with the table top, the confession Expect that mechanism further includes the feed sliding rail being fixed on the supply base, the feed sliding rail and the angled setting of the table top.
Preferably, the bottom end of the feed sliding rail is provided with stock stop, and the stock stop includes backgauge bracket and backgauge gas Cylinder, the backgauge piston rod of the backgauge cylinder when stretching out state can be used for that the workpiece is stopped to skid off from the feed sliding rail.
Preferably, the two sides below the feed sliding rail are respectively arranged with feed mechanism and feeding sliding slot, the feeding Mechanism includes feeding cylinder and feeding bracket, and the feeding bracket is fixedly connected with the feed sliding rail, for stopping from described The workpiece that skids off in feed sliding rail, the feeding cylinder are used to pushing the workpiece entrance stopped by the feeding bracket, it is described on The side of material sliding slot is additionally provided with iron filings blocking mechanism.Such setting can stop the scrap iron from splashing generated when drilling workpiece to influence Block feeding sliding slot.
Preferably, the drilling sector includes four drill units, and the drill unit is removably secured by bolt On to the table top, the drill unit includes pedestal, and multiple adjustment holes are provided on the pedestal, and the drill unit includes Drilling motor and drilling head, the drilling motor is for driving the drilling head high speed rotation and feeding forward.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram at the mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center of one embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is that mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center shown in FIG. 1 hides the stereoscopic schematic diagram after bracket;
Fig. 3,7 be mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center shown in FIG. 1 feeding machanism stereoscopic schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of the feeding mechanism at mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center shown in FIG. 1;
Fig. 5 is that mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center shown in FIG. 1 hides the top view after bracket;
Fig. 6 is that mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center shown in FIG. 1 hides top view after bracket and feeding mechanism;
Fig. 8 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of the clamping device at the mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center of one embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the top view of the clamping device at the mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center of one embodiment of the present invention Structural schematic diagram;
Figure 10 is the cross-sectional view of the clamping device at the mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center of one embodiment of the present invention Structural schematic diagram;
Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram of the device pedestal at the mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center of one embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of the filter cartridge at the mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center of one embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 13 is the structural schematic diagram of the water receiver at the mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center of one embodiment of the present invention.
Wherein;
1. 10. workpiece of mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center, 20. device pedestal
30. 40. feeding mechanism of feeding machanism, 50. clamping device
60. 70. receiving mechanism of drilling sector, 201. pedestal
203. table top, 205. table top sliding rail, 207. bracket
301. supply bases 303. are fed 305. loading chute of sliding rail
307. stock stop, 309. backgauge bracket, 311. backgauge cylinder
313. feeding bracket, 315. feeding cylinder, 317. feed mechanism
319. feeding sliding slot, 321. iron filings blocking mechanism, 401. stock support
405. crossbeam 407. of 403a, b. stabilizer blade it is horizontal walk cylinder
409. feeding manipulator, 411. binder manipulator, 413. rewinding manipulator
415. dovetail groove slide unit, 417. first cylinder, 419. second cylinder
421. feeding claw, 423. third cylinder, 425. workpiece briquetting
The 6th cylinder of 427. the 4th the 5th cylinder 431. of cylinder 429.
433. rewinding claws 501. process 503. grip slipper of seat
505. opening 601. drill unit, 603. pedestals
605. adjustment hole, 607. drilling motor, 609. drilling head
Specific embodiment
Below with reference to specific embodiment shown in Figure of description, the present invention will be described in detail.But these are implemented Mode is not intended to limit the present invention, and the simple transformation that those skilled in the art are made according to these embodiments includes Within the scope of the present invention.
It is the mandrel machinery Hand supplementary intelligent machining center 1 of one embodiment of the present invention shown in Fig. 1 to Figure 13.Tool Body, referring to fig. 1 and fig. 2, mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center 1 is used to carry out drilling processing to workpiece 10.It is mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center 1 includes device pedestal 20, feeding machanism 30, feeding mechanism 40, clamping device 50, cutting fluid mistake Filter structure, drilling sector 60 and receiving mechanism 70.Wherein, feeding machanism 30, feeding mechanism 40, clamping device 50, cutting fluid mistake Filter structure, drilling sector 60 and receiving mechanism 70 are arranged on device pedestal 20, and device pedestal 20 is for providing support and preventing Shield.Feeding machanism 30 is used to provide workpiece 10 to feeding mechanism 40 for discharge position.Feeding mechanism 40 is used for will be for discharge position Workpiece 10 is sent to Working position.Feeding mechanism 40 is also used to the workpiece 10 of Working position being sent to rewinding position.Feeder Structure 40 is also used in Working position workpiece pressing.Clamping device 50 is used to workpiece 10 being fixed on Working position.Drilling sector 60 Drilling processing is carried out for the workpiece 10 to Working position.Receiving mechanism 70 is sent to rewinding position for collecting feeding mechanism 40 Workpiece.Iron filings for being collected and being filtered cutting fluid by cutting fluid filter mechanism.
Shown in continuing to refer to figure 1, device pedestal 20 includes pedestal 201, table top 203, table top sliding rail 205 and bracket 207.Bottom Seat 201 is for providing support.Table top 203 is rough rectangle tabular structure.Table top 203 passes through table top sliding rail 205 slidably Ground is arranged on pedestal 201.Table top 203 is arranged generally horizontally and can horizontally slide.Bracket 207 and pedestal 201 are solid Fixed connection.Feeding machanism 30, feeding mechanism 40, clamping device 50, drilling sector 60 and receiving mechanism 70 are fixed at platform On face 203.
It Fig. 3, shown in 7 is feeding machanism 30.Feeding machanism 30 includes supply base 301.Supply base 301 and table top 203 It is fixedly connected.Feeding machanism 30 further includes the feed sliding rail 303 being fixed on supply base 301.It is fed sliding rail 303 and table top 203 angled settings.Sliding rail 303 and table top 203 is fed substantially to be arranged at 30 ° to 45 ° of angle tilt.In order to workpiece 10 slide automatically along feed sliding rail.In the present embodiment, feed sliding rail 303 is in rough rectangle tabular, is extended along its lengthwise Direction be provided with several loading chutes 305.Loading chute 305 is recessed downwards to be formed from the upper surface of feed sliding rail 303.It is excellent Choosing, loading chute 305 is set parallel to each other.In the present embodiment, loading chute 305 there are three setting is fed on sliding rail 303.For The bottom end of material sliding rail 303 is provided with stock stop 307.Stock stop 307 includes backgauge bracket 309 and backgauge cylinder 311.Backgauge Bracket 309 is laterally fixed above the bottom end of feed sliding rail 303.Backgauge cylinder 311 is arranged on backgauge bracket 309.Gear The backgauge piston rod 311a of material cylinder 311 when stretching out state can be used for that workpiece 10 is stopped to skid off from loading chute 305.It is supplying The two sides of 303 lower section of material sliding rail are respectively arranged with feed mechanism 317 and feeding sliding slot 319, wherein feed mechanism 317 includes upper Expect cylinder 315 and feeding bracket 313.Feeding bracket 313 is fixedly connected with feed sliding rail 303, for stopping from feed sliding rail 303 In the workpiece 10 that skids off.Feeding cylinder 315 is fixed on feeding bracket 313.The feeding piston rod of feeding cylinder 315 along Perpendicular to the direction movement that the lengthwise of feed sliding rail 303 extends, for pushing the workpiece 10 stopped by feeding bracket 313 to enter position Feeding sliding slot 319 in feed 303 other side of sliding rail.Feeding sliding slot 319 and the angled setting of table top 203.Feeding cylinder Workpiece 10 is pushed into feeding sliding slot 319 from the side on the top of feeding sliding slot 319 by 315 feeding piston rod.It is sliding to be pushed into feeding The workpiece 10 of slot 319 can be slided down to along feeding sliding slot 319 from its top under the promotion of mini pusher cylinder 322 The bottom end of feeding sliding slot 319.The bottom end of feeding sliding slot 319 is for discharge position.Feeding sliding slot 319 and feed sliding rail 303 are opposite The other side be additionally provided with iron filings blocking mechanism 321, the scrap iron from splashing that generates when for stopping drilling workpiece influences blocking feeding Sliding slot 319.Iron filings blocking mechanism 321 is the baffle for being horizontally installed on 319 side of feeding sliding slot.
Refering to what is shown in Fig. 4, feeding mechanism 40 includes the stock support 401 being fixedly connected on table top 203.Stock support 401 include two stabilizer blades 403a, 403b.The lower end of stabilizer blade 403a, 403b are fixed on table top 203.One of stabilizer blade 403a is positioned close to the position of feeding machanism 30, another stabilizer blade 403b is positioned close to the position of receiving mechanism 70.Feeding Bracket 401 further includes the crossbeam 405 for connecting two upper ends stabilizer blade 403a, 403b.The both ends of crossbeam 405 are respectively close to feeding machanism 30 and receiving mechanism 70.The midpoint of crossbeam 405 is located at the top of Working position.
With continued reference to shown in Fig. 4, feeding mechanism 40 further include it is horizontal walk cylinder 407, feeding manipulator 409, binder manipulator 411 and rewinding manipulator 413.Wherein, it is horizontal walk cylinder 407 be arranged on crossbeam 405, for driving feeding manipulator 409, binder Manipulator 411 and rewinding manipulator 413 are moved along the lengthwise extending direction of crossbeam 405.When feeding manipulator 409 is close to feed When mechanism 30, the workpiece 10 for discharge position can be clamped, it, can be by workpiece 10 when feeding manipulator 409 is close to Working position It is placed on Working position;When binder manipulator 411 is located above Working position, binder manipulator 411 can be compressed or be unclamped Workpiece 10 on Working position;When rewinding manipulator 413 is close to Working position, the workpiece 10 of Working position can be clamped, when When rewinding manipulator 413 is close to receiving mechanism 70, workpiece 10 can be placed on rewinding position.Specifically, the lower section of crossbeam 405 It is provided with dovetail groove slide unit 415.The lengthwise extending direction of dovetail groove slide unit 415 and the lengthwise extending direction of crossbeam 405 are parallel.On Material manipulator 409, binder manipulator 411 and rewinding manipulator 413 are arranged on dovetail groove slide unit 415, and can it is horizontal walk It is moved under the drive of cylinder 407 along dovetail groove slide unit 415.
With continued reference to shown in Fig. 4, feeding manipulator 409 includes the first cylinder 417, the second cylinder 419 and feeding claw 421.Wherein the first cylinder 417 is hung on dovetail groove slide unit 415, and for driving the second cylinder 419 and 421 edge of feeding claw Moved perpendicular to the direction of table top 203, make feeding claw 421 along vertical direction close to or far from for discharge position, and make Feeding claw 421 is along vertical direction close to or far from Working position.The piston rod of second cylinder 419 and the first cylinder 417 is solid Fixed connection.Second cylinder 419 is for making 421 clamp or release workpiece 10 of feeding claw.Specifically, it is horizontal walk cylinder 407 drive the To close to the place for discharge position, the first cylinder 417 drives 419 vertical motion of the second cylinder to leaning on for one cylinder, 417 transverse movement Closely for the place of discharge position, the second cylinder 419 drives feeding claw 421 to clamp the workpiece 10 for being located at feed position.Then first Cylinder 417 drives 419 vertical motion of the second cylinder far from for discharge position, it is horizontal walk cylinder 407 drive the first cylinder cross 417 far from supplying Discharge position and close Working position, then the first cylinder 417 drives 419 vertical motion of the second cylinder close to Working position, then Second cylinder 419 controls feeding claw 421 and unclamps workpiece 10, and workpiece 10 is placed on Working position.
With continued reference to shown in Fig. 4, binder manipulator 411 includes third cylinder 423 and workpiece briquetting 425.Third cylinder 423 It hangs on dovetail groove slide unit 415, and for driving workpiece briquetting 425 to move along the direction perpendicular to table top 203, to make Workpiece briquetting 425 compresses or unclamps the workpiece 10 of Working position.Specifically, when feeding manipulator 409 send workpiece 10 to processing Behind position, it is horizontal walk cylinder 407 drive 423 transverse movement of third cylinder to workpiece briquetting 425 close to Working position.Then, third Cylinder 423 drives workpiece briquetting 425 along vertical direction close to Working position, so that compressing workpiece briquetting 425 is located at processing The workpiece 10 of position.When Working position workpiece 10 complete drilling processing after, third cylinder 423 drive workpiece briquetting 425 along Vertical direction is far from Working position, so that workpiece briquetting 425 be made to unclamp workpiece 10.
With continued reference to shown in Fig. 4, rewinding manipulator 413 further includes the 4th cylinder 427, the 5th cylinder 429, the 6th cylinder 431 and rewinding claw 433.Wherein the 4th cylinder 427 is hung on dovetail groove slide unit 415, and for drive the 5th cylinder 429, 6th cylinder 431 and rewinding claw 433 are moved along the direction perpendicular to table top 203, make rewinding claw 433 along vertical direction Close to or far from Working position, and make rewinding claw 433 along vertical direction close to or far from rewinding position.5th cylinder 429 are fixedly connected with the piston rod of the 4th cylinder 427.5th cylinder 429 is for driving the 6th cylinder 431 and rewinding claw 433 Along being parallel to table top 203 and being moved perpendicular to the direction of crossbeam 405, to keep rewinding claw 433 close or remote in the direction From rewinding position.6th cylinder 431 is fixedly connected with the piston rod of the 5th cylinder 429.6th cylinder 431 is for making rewinding claw 433 clamp or release workpiece 10.Specifically, when workpiece briquetting 425 unclamp Working position workpiece 10 after, it is horizontal walk cylinder 407 Drive 427 transverse movement of the 4th cylinder to the place close to Working position, the 4th cylinder 427 drives the 5th cylinder 429 fortune vertically It moves to the place close to Working position, the 5th cylinder 429 drives the 6th cylinder 431 along being parallel to table top and perpendicular to crossbeam 405 Direction move to the place close to Working position, the 6th cylinder 431 drives rewinding claw 433 to clamp the work for being located at Working position Part 10.Then the 4th cylinder 427 drives 429 vertical motion of the 5th cylinder far from for discharge position, it is horizontal walk cylinder 407 drive the 4th gas Cylinder cross 427 is far from Working position and close to rewinding position, and then the 4th cylinder 427 drives 429 vertical motion of the 5th cylinder close Rewinding position, the 5th cylinder 429 drive the 6th cylinder 431 along being parallel to table top and move perpendicular to the direction of crossbeam 405 close Rewinding position, the 6th cylinder 431 drive rewinding claw 433 to unclamp workpiece 10, workpiece 10 are placed on rewinding position.Using above-mentioned It is convenient to workpiece progress feeding, rewinding operation very simple that structure is enabled to, and can be improved operating efficiency, shortens drilling process Time-consuming, promoted production capacity.
Refering to what is shown in Fig. 2, clamping device 50 includes processing seat 501 and grip slipper 503.Wherein processing seat 501 includes several Layer, the bottom are removably attached on table top 203.Layer is detachably connected to each other with layer, can be adjusted by adjusting the number of plies The height of Working position, so as to adjust the height of workpiece to be processed.Clamping device is set in this way, i.e., using it is low at This simple structure realizes the flexible modulation of the location of workpiece, adapts to a variety of different operating conditions.Grip slipper 503 is removably secured In the top of processing seat 501.For grip slipper 503 in rough from the box-like of upper opening, workpiece 10 can be from the top of grip slipper 503 It is placed on inside grip slipper 503.And opening 505 is provided on the side wall of grip slipper 503.Drilling sector 60,421 and of feeding claw Rewinding claw 433 can enter 503 drilling workpiece 10 of grip slipper or clamping workpiece 10 from opening 505.The side wall of grip slipper 503 Height is less than the height of workpiece 10.Grip slipper 503 can be substituted for other grip slippers 503 according to different workpiece 10.
With reference to shown in Fig. 8 to Figure 10, the bottom of workpiece 10 is located at the top of processing seat 501,521 He of upper surface of workpiece 10 The partial region of left side 520 is affixed on grip slipper 503.It is additionally provided with and side pin 507, base pins on processing seat 501 The hole that nail 508 matches, side pin 507 are located at the left side 520 of workpiece 10, and bottom pin 508 is located at the lower end of workpiece 10 At face 523.The middle part clamping device 510 for clamping workpiece 10 is provided at the right side of workpiece 10 522, in workpiece 10 The intersection of right side 522 and lower end surface 523 is provided with the end clamping device 511 for clamping workpiece 10.End clamping machine Structure 511 includes: the cylindrical pin 514 being fixed on processing seat 501 and gripper cylinder 515, is movably connected on cylindrical pin 514 Grip block 513, be fixed on gripper cylinder 515 piston-rod end connecting rod 516.It is provided on processing seat 501 for accommodating The channel 517 of connecting rod 516, connecting rod 516 are connected to one end of grip block 513.One end of grip block 513 is provided with clamping Inclined-plane 512, when 515 drive connection bar 516 of gripper cylinder acts, connecting rod 516 drives grip block 513 to realize the folder to workpiece 10 It holds, at this point, clamping ramps 512 can push workpiece 10 while to the left side 520 and 521 direction of upper surface to move, to make work Part 10 obtains accurate positioning, guarantees the precision of processing.Middle part clamping device 510 has and end clamping device 511 is similar Structure setting, since middle part clamping device 510 realizes clamping to workpiece 10 from the right side of workpiece 10 522, so as to Further increase the stability clamped to workpiece 10.
The channel 517 for accommodating connecting rod 516 is provided on processing seat 501, channel 517 is set to processing seat 501 Lower part, this setting is beneficial to prevent interference of the iron filings to executing agency, and structure is compact to design.Due to matching with workpiece 10 The organization volume of conjunction is small and exquisite, such as the contact area of clamping ramps 512 and workpiece 10 is all smaller, is conducive to the discharge of iron filings.
With reference to shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, drilling sector 60 includes four drill units 601.Drill unit 601 can by bolt It is removedly fixed to table top 203.Specifically, drill unit 601 includes pedestal 603, multiple adjustment holes are provided on pedestal 603 605.The position that can adjust drill unit 601 is coupled with table top 203 with adjustment hole 605 several different.And it adjusts Knothole 605 is flat hole, and the bolt of fixed drill unit and the relative position in hole are also adjustable, so as to adjust drill unit 601 position.Further, four drill units 601 are evenly arranged on table top 203.Adjacent drill unit 601 is set at an angle of 90 It sets.More specifically, the rear end in two of them drill unit 601 is arranged on opposite two angle of table top 203, front end direction The center setting of table top 203.The side at other two opposite angle of table top 203 is arranged in other two drill unit 601.Into one Step, feeding machanism and receiving mechanism be separately positioned on positioned at table top 203 it is diagonal on drill unit 601 side.So Setting is capable of providing enough space installation feeding mechanisms 40, and provides the space of 40 operation of feeding mechanism.Further, drilling Device 601 includes drilling motor 607 and drilling head 609.Drilling motor 607 is for driving 609 high speed rotation of drilling head and forward Feeding.
With reference to shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, receiving mechanism 70 is in rough elongated sliding slot shape.And receiving mechanism 70 and table top 203 angled settings.The upper end is close to feeding mechanism 40, and upper end is rewinding position, for receiving rewinding manipulator 413 from processing The workpiece 10 that position is put away.After workpiece 10 is placed into rewinding position by rewinding manipulator 413, workpiece 10 can be along receiving mechanism 70 It slides off table top 203 and carries out storage or the next step.
Refering to what is shown in Fig. 6, glide direction of the workpiece 10 on feed sliding rail 303 and receiving mechanism 70 is on table top 203 The extending direction X1 base of extending direction X2, X3 of projection and the drill unit 601 adjacent with feed sliding rail 303 and receiving mechanism 70 This is parallel.And the extending direction X4 of the crossbeam 405 of feeding mechanism 40 and the extending direction X1 of drill unit 601 are substantially at 45 ° Angle.And the center of crossbeam 405 is located at the surface of Working position.Using above-mentioned layout type, can guarantee sufficiently large The working space of drilling avoids iron filings from blocking in small space, also provides the working space of enough feeding mechanisms.
Shown in complex chart 1- Fig. 6, the operation process at mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center 1 is as follows: workpiece 10 is from feed The upper end of sliding rail 303 is slided to stock stop 307, after backgauge cylinder 311 drives its backgauge piston rod 311a to retract, workpiece 10 Continue to slide to leave feed sliding rail 303.The workpiece 10 that feeding cylinder 315 pushes off enters feeding sliding slot 319 and along upper Material sliding slot 319 slides into for discharge position.Then, it is horizontal walk cylinder 407 drive 417 transverse movement of the first cylinder to close to for discharge position Place, the first cylinder 417 drive 419 vertical motion of the second cylinder to close to for discharge position place, the second cylinder 419 drive Feeding claw 421 clamps the workpiece 10 for being located at feed position.Then the first cylinder 417 drives 419 vertical motion of the second cylinder remote From for discharge position, it is horizontal walk cylinder 407 drive the first cylinder cross 417 far from for discharge position and close to Working position, then the first gas Cylinder 417 drives 419 vertical motion of the second cylinder close to Working position, and then the second cylinder 419 control feeding claw 421 unclamps work Workpiece 10 is placed on Working position by part 10.Then, it is horizontal walk cylinder 407 drive 423 transverse movement of third cylinder to workpiece briquetting 425 close to Working position.Then, third cylinder 423 drives workpiece briquetting 425 along vertical direction close to Working position, thus Workpiece briquetting 425 is set to compress the workpiece 10 for being located at Working position.Then, drill unit 601 carries out drilling processing to workpiece 10.When After the workpiece 10 of Working position completes drilling processing, third cylinder 423 drives workpiece briquetting 425 along vertical direction far from processing Position, so that workpiece briquetting 425 be made to unclamp workpiece 10.Then, it is horizontal walk cylinder 407 drive 427 transverse movement of the 4th cylinder to leaning on The place of nearly Working position, the 4th cylinder 427 drive 429 vertical motion of the 5th cylinder to the place close to Working position, the 5th Cylinder 429 drives the 6th cylinder 431 along being parallel to table top and move to the ground close to Working position perpendicular to the direction of crossbeam 405 Side, the 6th cylinder 431 drive rewinding claw 433 to clamp the workpiece 10 for being located at Working position.Then the 4th cylinder 427 drives the 5th 429 vertical motion of cylinder far from for discharge position, it is horizontal walk cylinder 407 drive the 4th cylinder cross 427 far from Working position and close to receiving Discharge position, then the 4th cylinder 427 drives 429 vertical motion of the 5th cylinder close to rewinding position, and the 5th cylinder 429 drives the 6th For cylinder 431 along being parallel to table top and moving perpendicular to the direction of crossbeam 405 close to rewinding position, the 6th cylinder 431 drives rewinding Claw 433 unclamps workpiece 10, and workpiece 10 is placed on rewinding position.Then, workpiece 10 can slide off platform along receiving mechanism 70 Face 203 carries out storage or the next step.The above is the working principle and work at mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center Industry process.It is convenient that feeding, drilling and rewinding operation very simple are carried out to workpiece 10 using aforesaid way.Work can be greatly improved Industry efficiency shortens the time-consuming of drilling process, promotes production capacity.
With reference to shown in Figure 11-13, cutting fluid filter mechanism includes water receiver 212, filter cartridge 211 and water storage box 210, table top Sliding rail 205 is located at the top of water receiver 212, and filter cartridge 211 is located at the lower part of water receiver 212, and water storage box 210 is located at filter cartridge 211 lower part.Water receiver 212 include water-receiving tray 221, be set to 221 surrounding of water-receiving tray fence 220, be opened in water receiving Open channel 222 on chassis 221 is provided with the guidance for guiding cutting fluid flow direction in the surrounding of open channel 222 Plate 223, directing plate 223 is for preventing cutting fluid from flowing to fence 220 along the lower wall of water-receiving tray 221.Cutting fluid and iron filings warp It is entered in filter cartridge 211 after crossing open channel 222, iron filings stay in filter cartridge 211, and cutting fluid enters water storage box 210, position Cutting fluid in water storage box 210 reaches on table top 203 by the conveying of water pump.Filter cartridge 211 includes filtering bottom board 214, position Filtering foreboard 213 in 214 front of filtering bottom board, is located at filter plate 214 at the filtering back plate 215 positioned at 214 rear portion of filtering bottom board The filtering side plate 217 of two sides is provided with the filter hole 216 for the cutting fluid that circulates, 216 institute of filter hole on filtering bottom board 214 The position at place is the lowest part of filtering bottom board 214.The outside of plate 213 is provided with two handles 218 before filtration.Filter foreboard 213 at inclination arrangement.Observation panel 219 is provided between plate 213 and water storage box 210 before filtration, filtering foreboard 213 is located at observation The top of mouth 219.
The embodiments described above only express several embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but simultaneously Limitations on the scope of the patent of the present invention therefore cannot be interpreted as.It should be pointed out that for those of ordinary skill in the art For, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to guarantor of the invention Protect range.Therefore, the scope of protection of the patent of the present invention should be subject to claim.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of machinery Hand supplementary intelligent machining center, for carrying out drilling processing to workpiece characterized by comprising supply Expect mechanism, feeding mechanism, clamping device, cutting fluid filter mechanism, drilling sector and receiving mechanism;Wherein, the feeding machanism For providing workpiece to the feeding mechanism for discharge position;The feeding mechanism is used to transmit the workpiece for discharge position To Working position, the feeding mechanism is also used to for the workpiece of the Working position to be sent to rewinding position, the feeding mechanism It is also used in the Working position workpiece pressing;The clamping device is used to the workpiece being fixed on the Working position;Institute It states drilling sector and carries out drilling processing for the workpiece to the Working position;The receiving mechanism is for collecting the feeder Structure is sent to the workpiece of the rewinding position;The cutting fluid filter mechanism is for filtering cutting fluid and collecting iron filings;It is described to send Material mechanism further include crossbeam, it is horizontal walk cylinder, feeding manipulator, binder manipulator and rewinding manipulator;The both ends of the crossbeam point Not close to feeding machanism and receiving mechanism, the midpoint of the crossbeam is located at the top of the Working position;It is described it is horizontal walk cylinder use It is moved in the driving feeding manipulator, binder manipulator and rewinding manipulator along the lengthwise extending direction of crossbeam;The clamping Mechanism includes processing seat and grip slipper, and the processing seat includes several layers, and layer is detachably connected to each other with layer, the grip slipper It is removably attached to the top of the processing seat, the grip slipper is in from the box-like of upper opening, the side wall of the grip slipper On be provided with opening, the Sidewall Height of the grip slipper is less than the height of the workpiece;
It further include device pedestal, the feeding machanism, feeding mechanism, clamping device, drilling sector and receiving mechanism are arranged at On described device pedestal, described device pedestal includes pedestal, table top, table top sliding rail and bracket, and the table top passes through the table top Sliding rail is slidably disposed on the pedestal, is arranged and can horizontally be slided to the table-surface level, the bracket and institute Pedestal is stated to be fixedly connected;
The cutting fluid filter mechanism includes water receiver, filter cartridge and water storage box, and table top sliding rail is located at the top of the water receiver, The filter cartridge is located at the lower part of the water receiver, and the water storage box is located at the lower part of the filter cartridge;The water receiver includes Water-receiving tray, the fence for being set to the water-receiving tray surrounding, the open channel being opened on the water-receiving tray, are opened described The surrounding in mouthful channel is provided with the directing plate for guiding cutting fluid flow direction, the directing plate for prevent cutting fluid along The lower wall of water-receiving tray flows to fence;Cutting fluid and iron filings are entered after the open channel in the filter cartridge, iron filings It stays in filter cartridge, cutting fluid enters water storage box, and the cutting fluid in the water storage box reaches platform by the conveying of water pump On face;The filter cartridge include filtering bottom board, positioned at the filtering bottom board front filtering foreboard, be located at the filtering bottom board after The filtering back plate in portion, the filtering side plate positioned at filtering bottom board two sides, are provided on the filtering bottom board for the cutting fluid that circulates Filter hole, the location of described filter hole be the filtering bottom board lowest part;It is arranged in the outside of the filtering foreboard There are two handles;The filtering foreboard is at inclination arrangement;It is provided with observation panel between filtering foreboard and the water storage box, it is described Filtering foreboard is located at the top of the observation panel;
The hole to match with side pin, bottom pin is additionally provided on the processing seat, the side pin is located at described The left side of workpiece, the bottom pin are located at the lower end surface of the workpiece;It is arranged at the right side of the workpiece useful In the middle part clamping device for clamping the workpiece, it is provided in the right side of the workpiece and the intersection of lower end surface for clamping The end clamping device of the workpiece;The end clamping device includes: the cylindrical pin and folder being fixed on the processing seat Hold cylinder, the grip block for being movably connected on cylindrical pin, be fixed on the gripper cylinder piston-rod end connecting rod;It is described The channel for accommodating the connecting rod is provided on processing seat, the connecting rod is connected to one end of grip block;In the folder The one end for holding block is provided with clamping ramps, and when the gripper cylinder drive connection bar acts, the connecting rod drives the clamping Block realizes the clamping to the workpiece, and the clamping ramps can push workpiece simultaneously to the left side and upper surface direction of workpiece Movement.
2. machinery Hand supplementary intelligent machining center as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that when the feeding manipulator leans on When the nearly feeding machanism, the workpiece for discharge position can be clamped, when the feeding manipulator is close to the Working position When, the workpiece can be placed on the Working position;When the binder manipulator is located above Working position, the pressure Material manipulator can compress or unclamp the workpiece on the Working position;When the rewinding manipulator is close to the Working position When, the workpiece of the Working position can be clamped, it, can be by the work when the rewinding manipulator is close to the receiving mechanism Part is placed on the rewinding position.
3. machinery Hand supplementary intelligent machining center as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the feeding manipulator includes First cylinder, the second cylinder and feeding claw, first cylinder is for driving second cylinder and feeding claw edge Vertical direction movement, make the feeding claw along vertical direction close to or far from described for discharge position, and make on described Claw is expected along vertical direction close to or far from the Working position, and the piston rod of second cylinder and first cylinder is solid Fixed connection, second cylinder is for making workpiece described in the feeding claw clamp or release.
4. machinery Hand supplementary intelligent machining center as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the binder machinery hand includes Third cylinder and workpiece briquetting, the third cylinder is for driving the workpiece briquetting to move along vertical direction, to make institute State the workpiece that workpiece briquetting compressed or unclamped the Working position.
5. machinery Hand supplementary intelligent machining center as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the rewinding manipulator also wraps Include the 4th cylinder, the 5th cylinder, the 6th cylinder and rewinding claw, wherein the 4th cylinder for drive the 5th cylinder, 6th cylinder and rewinding claw move along vertical direction, make the rewinding claw along vertical direction close to or far from machining position It sets, and makes the rewinding claw along vertical direction close to or far from rewinding position, the 5th cylinder and the 4th gas The piston rod of cylinder is fixedly connected, and the 5th cylinder is for driving the 6th cylinder and the rewinding claw along horizontal and vertical It is directly moved in the direction of the crossbeam, to make the rewinding claw in the direction close to or far from Working position, and makes to receive Material claw is close in the direction or far from rewinding position, the fixed company of the piston rod of the 6th cylinder and the 5th cylinder It connects, the 6th cylinder is for making workpiece described in the rewinding claw clamp or release.
6. machinery Hand supplementary intelligent machining center as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the feeding machanism includes supplying Expect that pedestal, the supply base are fixedly connected with the table top, the feeding machanism further includes being fixed on the supply base Feed sliding rail, the feed sliding rail and the angled setting of the table top.
7. machinery Hand supplementary intelligent machining center as claimed in claim 6, which is characterized in that the bottom end of the feed sliding rail It is provided with stock stop, the stock stop includes backgauge bracket and backgauge cylinder, and the backgauge piston rod of the backgauge cylinder is stretched Can be used for that the workpiece is stopped to skid off from the feed sliding rail when doing well.
8. machinery Hand supplementary intelligent machining center as claimed in claim 7, which is characterized in that below the feed sliding rail Two sides be respectively arranged with feed mechanism and feeding sliding slot, the feed mechanism includes feeding cylinder and feeding bracket, it is described on Material bracket is fixedly connected with the feed sliding rail, the workpiece for stopping to skid off from the feed sliding rail, the feeding cylinder For pushing the workpiece stopped by the feeding bracket to enter the feeding sliding slot, the side of the feeding sliding slot is additionally provided with iron Consider blocking mechanism to be worth doing.
9. machinery Hand supplementary intelligent machining center as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the drilling sector includes four A drill unit, the drill unit are removably fixed on table top (203) by bolt, and the drill unit includes base , multiple adjustment holes are provided on the pedestal, the drill unit includes drilling motor and drilling head, and the drilling motor is used It feeds in the driving drilling head high speed rotation and forward.
CN201711264770.7A 2017-11-22 2017-11-22 Mechanical Hand supplementary intelligent machining center Active CN107983985B (en)

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CN110509167A (en) * 2019-09-05 2019-11-29 杭州富舟汽车配件有限公司 A kind of full-automatic multistation porous perforating machine
CN111633239A (en) * 2020-05-13 2020-09-08 南京工业职业技术学院 Novel punching positioning equipment

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