CN107981385A - Melon and fruit dryer - Google Patents

Melon and fruit dryer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107981385A
CN107981385A CN201711045028.7A CN201711045028A CN107981385A CN 107981385 A CN107981385 A CN 107981385A CN 201711045028 A CN201711045028 A CN 201711045028A CN 107981385 A CN107981385 A CN 107981385A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
melon
fruit
shaft
air
drying baker
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201711045028.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN107981385B (en
Inventor
张中云
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHONGQING YUNSHENG FOOD BEVERAGE Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CHONGQING YUNSHENG FOOD BEVERAGE Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CHONGQING YUNSHENG FOOD BEVERAGE Co Ltd filed Critical CHONGQING YUNSHENG FOOD BEVERAGE Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711045028.7A priority Critical patent/CN107981385B/en
Publication of CN107981385A publication Critical patent/CN107981385A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107981385B publication Critical patent/CN107981385B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/08Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for drying or roasting
    • A23N12/083Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for drying or roasting with stirring, vibrating or grinding devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/08Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for drying or roasting
    • A23N12/10Rotary roasters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/08Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for drying or roasting
    • A23N12/12Auxiliary devices for roasting machines
    • A23N12/125Accessories or details

Abstract

The present invention relates to melon and fruit dryer, including rack, the drying baker of air-heater and top end opening is fixed with rack, melon and fruit box is rotatably connected in drying baker, some vertically disposed partition plates being parallel to each other are slidably connected in melon and fruit box, are connected between some partition plates by flexible connector;Partition plate positioned at the top is fixed with shaft, shaft stretches out in melon and fruit box and drying baker successively, shaft and drying baker clearance fit, there is spline tube in shaft upper end by spline engagement, supervisor is communicated with air-heater integrally formed with spline, shaft, supervisor connects with drying baker, branch pipe is communicated with supervisor, turbine is rotatably connected in supervisor, spline tube is coaxially connected with turbine;Backing plate is fixedly connected with shaft, cam is mutually had above backing plate;Compared with prior art, this programme overturns and shakes while drying dry by enabling the melon and fruit inside melon and fruit box, accelerates the rate of drying of melon and fruit, melon and fruit can be stirred freely, avoid clamping action, it is therefore prevented that melon and fruit damages.

Description

Melon and fruit dryer
Technical field
The invention belongs to food processing equipment technical field, more particularly to a kind of it can overturn dry melon and fruit dryer.
Background technology
In food-processing industry, the drying drying to raw-food material is generally involved, such as vegetables and fruits, the depth drying of dry fruit Deng above-mentioned dry processing carries out generally on drying machine.Existing drying machine is generally mesh-belt drier, raw material to be dried Via foraminous conveyer conveying forward, complete to dry by hot wind region.There are following defect for the drying machine of said structure:In raw material Stir effect due to lacking in mobile process and cause dry insufficient, would have to carry out when needing depth drying processing Repeated drying, it reduce the efficiency and more consuming energy of processing.
Chinese patent CN104351929B discloses a kind of open for the defeated convertible drying machine for crossing drying, including top Babinet, be connected with air-heater on its side wall, its hot-blast outlet is connected to the inner cavity of babinet;In cabinet front wall and rear wall Top edge be respectively equipped with the driving gear of multiple spaced sets and the support beaming roller of spaced set, in the side wall of babinet It is equipped with the gear reducer for driving each driving gear to rotate;The clamping sieve for clamping raw material is further included, clamping sieve includes two Block sieve plate, both are connected in one side edge using hinge connection, opposite side using lock, wherein a sieve plate front side edge Shaft is equipped with the middle part of edge and posterior edges, the roller end of side is equipped with driven gear wherein;Further include and be located in case Lifting cover on body, the chimney with the first axial flow blower is equipped with the top of lifting cover;Further include returning with humidity-discharging device Wind pipeline, the upper end is connected to chimney using hose, lower end is connected to the return air inlet being opened on wall box.
The raw materials such as vegetables and fruits that above-mentioned patent formula is clamped by clamping sieve, dry fruit uniform speed slow under the driving of gear reducer turns Dynamic, the lifting cover and the babinet of lower section that are fastened on above babinet form the space of a drying, by the hot wind that air-heater produces into Enter cabinets cavity and be upward through clamping sieve again and raw material is dried, then discharged by chimney, the clamping sieve persistently overturn makes The drying effect of raw material is more abundant, and rate of drying faster, therefore more saves the energy, and the setting of humidity-discharging device and return air duct makes heat Wind participates in circulating and takes out the moisture in hot wind in time, improves energy-saving effect.But vegetables and fruits both sides and clamping sieve tightly press from both sides Together, easily vegetables and fruits are caused to damage, causes the finished product condition after drying bad.
The content of the invention
The invention is intended to provide a kind of melon and fruit dryer, to solve in the prior art because clamping the clamping force of sieve and to vegetable The problem of being damaged caused by fruit.
Melon and fruit dryer in this programme, including rack, the drying baker of air-heater and top end opening is fixed with rack, is dried Melon and fruit box is rotatably connected in dry case, slidably connects some vertically disposed partition plates being parallel to each other in melon and fruit box, it is some every Connected between plate by flexible connector;Partition plate positioned at the top is fixed with shaft, and shaft stretches out in melon and fruit box and baking successively There are spline tube in dry case, shaft and drying baker clearance fit, shaft upper end integrally formed with spline, shaft by spline engagement, heat Supervisor is communicated with wind turbine, supervisor connects with drying baker, branch pipe is communicated with supervisor, turbine, spline are rotatably connected in supervisor Cylinder is coaxially connected with turbine;Backing plate is fixedly connected with shaft, mutually has cam above backing plate, cam rotation is connected to rack On.
Technical principle:Needs are carried out the dry fruit of drying to put into partition plate;Air-heater is opened, hot wind is sent into from supervisor In drying baker, while hot wind also leads to turbine, Wind power propelling turbine rotation, so as to drive shaft to rotate into branch pipe;Shaft turns Dynamic to drive spline tube to rotate, spline tube drives shaft to rotate, and shaft will drive several partition plates to rotate together, rotation cam, and Backing plate in cam and drying baker offsets, and backing plate is fixedly connected with shaft, and elastic component is connected between partition plate, so as to drive melon Several partition plates in compartmentalized box for holding assorted fruits and candies vibrate up and down, the setting of spline tube, it is ensured that shaft rotate while can be upper and lower it is sliding Dynamic, each partition plate is shaken while rotation so that melon and fruit can be stirred constantly, and make each position of melon and fruit can be with heat Wind contacts so that melon and fruit is dried more uniform, and drying effect is more preferable, improves the drying efficiency of melon and fruit.
Beneficial effect:The wind of air-heater blowout, which is acted on turbine, rotates shaft, and gear drive drive is convex Wheel rotation makes the melon and fruit inside melon and fruit box while drying is dried so as to drive the backing plate being fixedly connected with shaft to shake It can overturn and shake, accelerate the rate of drying of melon and fruit, the effect clamped to melon and fruit is avoided in melon and fruit box, is added The integrity degree of the dry finished product of melon and fruit, ensure that melon and fruit does effect of high quality.
Further, first bevel gear is fixedly connected with shaft, first bevel gear is engaged with second bevel gear, the second cone tooth Wheel is engaged with third hand tap gear;The cam is fixedly and coaxially connected with third hand tap gear.Shaft, which rotates, drives first bevel gear to turn Dynamic, first bevel gear drives second bevel gear to rotate, and second bevel gear drives third hand tap gear to rotate, and third hand tap gear drives convex Wheel rotates.
Further, the air-heater includes air blower and heating plate, and heating plate is arranged on blower outlet.Open heating plate Heating, restarts air blower, air blower provides the heat for taking away heating plate to hot gas to Drying.
Further, air exhaust box is equipped between air-heater and drying baker sidewall opening, being provided with a row on air exhaust box is vertically arranged Through hole, air-heater supervisor be connected with air exhaust box.Hot wind is entered inside drying baker by the through hole of air exhaust box and melon and fruit is carried out Dry drying, the setting for the through hole that a row is vertically arranged, enables hot wind to be uniformly dispersed in drying baker, make melon and fruit uniformly by Heat, the effect of drying is more preferable, and finished product is more high-quality.
Further, backing plate is quenched steel plate.Quenched steel plate hardness and heat resistance ratio it is general backing plate it is more preferable, The condition of high temperature is in throughout the year in drying baker, so its service life is longer, and the frictional force that offsets of cam is to the damage of backing plate Evil smaller.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the top view of melon and fruit dryer embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1 middle gear transmission devices.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
Reference numeral in Figure of description 1-2 includes:Air-heater 1, supervisor 2, branch pipe 3, turbine 4, first bevel gear 5, Second bevel gear 6, spline 7, third hand tap gear 8, steel plate 9, cam 10, shaft 11, melon and fruit box 12, partition plate 13, spring 14, support Axis 15, drying baker 16, air exhaust box 17, through hole 18.
Embodiment is basic as shown in attached drawing 1-2:
Melon and fruit dryer, including rack, are fixed with air-heater 1 and drying baker 16 in rack, air-heater 1 include air blower and Heating plate, heating plate are detachably connected at blower outlet, and air exhaust box 17, air exhaust box are welded with 16 left side wall of drying baker The through hole 18 that a row is vertically arranged is provided with 17, supervisor 2 is connected with blower outlet, supervisor 2 connects with air exhaust box 17, heat Wind is entered by through hole 18 and drying drying is carried out inside drying baker 16;16 inner rotation of drying baker is connected with support shaft 15, branch Support axis 15 is welded with melon and fruit box 12, slidably connects four parallel partition plates 13 in melon and fruit box 12, with the first bullet between partition plate 13 Spring 14 connects, and the lowermost partition plate 13 is connected with melon and fruit box 12 with second spring, and shaft 11 is welded with the partition plate 13 of the top, 11 gap of shaft passes through melon and fruit box 12 and drying baker 16, and 11 upper end of shaft passes through spline integrally formed with spline tooth, shaft 11 Tooth is engaged with spline tube, and spline tube top is welded with turbine 4, is responsible on 2 side walls and is communicated with branch pipe 3, turbine 4 is rotatably connected on branch In pipe 3;Quenched steel plate 9 is welded with shaft 11 between melon and fruit box 12 and drying baker 16, is rotatably connected in shaft 11 First bevel gear 5;First bevel gear 5 is engaged with second bevel gear 6, and second bevel gear 6 is engaged with third hand tap gear 8, third hand tap Gear 8 is coaxially connected with cam 10, and cam 10 offsets with quenched steel plate.
Using this melon and fruit dryer, partition plate 13 is pulled out relative to melon and fruit box 12 from 12 left side wall of melon and fruit box, treating The vegetable and fruit of drying is put between partition plate 13, and then partition plate 13 is pushed in relative to melon and fruit box 12, opens air-heater 1, heat A wind part passes sequentially through supervisor 2 and the through hole 18 of air exhaust box 17 is entered inside drying baker 16, and it is right in melon and fruit box 12 to enter back into Gourd, fruit and vegetable to be dried carries out drying drying;Another part hot wind enters turbine 4 by branch pipe 3, drives the blade on turbine 4 Rotate, so as to drive the shaft 11 being fixedly connected with blade to rotate, shaft is further continued for driving first bevel gear 5, spline 7 and quenched The steel plate 9 of fire rotates, and first bevel gear 5 drives second bevel gear 6 to rotate, and second bevel gear 6 drives 8 turns of third hand tap gear Dynamic, third hand tap gear 8 is rotated with moving cam 10, and cam 10 and the steel plate 9 of lower section offset, and makes 9 upper and lower movement of steel plate, 9 band of steel plate The also upper and lower movement of turn axis 11, so that 12 internal partition of melon and fruit box vibrates up and down, passes through the first spring 14 and second spring Effect, transmits movement, is vibrated up and down with the gourd, fruit and vegetable between dynamic dividing plate successively;Shaft 11 drives the melon inside melon and fruit box 12 Fruit vegetable can not only rotate, and can vibrate up and down, make vegetable melon and fruit be heated when drying evenly, drying it is dry after into Quality is best.
Above-described is only the embodiment of the present invention, and the general knowledge such as known concrete structure and characteristic is not made herein in scheme Excessive description., without departing from the structure of the invention, can be with it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art Several modifications and improvements are made, these should also be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these are implemented all without the influence present invention Effect and practical applicability.The scope of protection required by this application should be based on the content of the claims, in specification The records such as embodiment can be used for the content for explaining claim.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of melon and fruit dryer, including rack, the drying baker of air-heater and top end opening is fixed with rack, its feature exists In:Melon and fruit box is rotatably connected in drying baker, some vertically disposed partition plates being parallel to each other are slidably connected in melon and fruit box, if Connected between dry partition plate by flexible connector;Partition plate positioned at the top is fixed with shaft, and shaft stretches out in melon and fruit box successively And drying baker, shaft and drying baker clearance fit, there is spline in shaft upper end integrally formed with spline, shaft by spline engagement Tin, supervisor is communicated with air-heater, supervisor connects with drying baker, branch pipe is communicated with supervisor, turbine is rotatably connected in supervisor, Spline tube is coaxially connected with turbine;Backing plate is fixedly connected with shaft, mutually has cam above backing plate, cam rotation is connected to machine On frame.
2. melon and fruit dryer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The first cone tooth is fixedly connected with the shaft Wheel, first bevel gear are engaged with second bevel gear, and second bevel gear is engaged with third hand tap gear;The cam and third hand tap gear It is fixedly and coaxially connected.
3. melon and fruit dryer according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The air-heater includes air blower and heating plate, Heating plate is arranged on blower outlet.
4. melon and fruit dryer according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Between air-heater and the drying baker sidewall opening Equipped with air exhaust box, the through hole that a row is vertically arranged is provided with air exhaust box, air-heater supervisor is connected with air exhaust box.
5. melon and fruit dryer according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The backing plate is quenched steel plate.
CN201711045028.7A 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 Melon and fruit drying machine Active CN107981385B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711045028.7A CN107981385B (en) 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 Melon and fruit drying machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711045028.7A CN107981385B (en) 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 Melon and fruit drying machine

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CN107981385A true CN107981385A (en) 2018-05-04
CN107981385B CN107981385B (en) 2020-11-24

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110712448A (en) * 2019-10-21 2020-01-21 重庆市开州区三中印务有限公司 Method for manufacturing myopia-preventing exercise book
CN111264889A (en) * 2020-03-26 2020-06-12 安徽顺科生产力促进中心有限公司 Food sauce production is with raw and other materials water trap

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9386798B2 (en) * 2012-02-10 2016-07-12 Gourmet Coffee Roasters Inc. Fluidized bed coffee roaster
CN205695566U (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-11-23 南安市龙潭农业综合开发有限公司 A kind of dewatered drying device for vegetable
CN205860704U (en) * 2016-06-03 2017-01-04 开县书香种植专业合作社 A kind of fresh pepper dries screening machine
CN206227655U (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-06-09 曾仲明 A kind of mushroom drying unit
CN206289459U (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-06-30 湛江市汉成科技有限公司 One kind can make speciality paper drying unit in uniform thickness

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9386798B2 (en) * 2012-02-10 2016-07-12 Gourmet Coffee Roasters Inc. Fluidized bed coffee roaster
CN205695566U (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-11-23 南安市龙潭农业综合开发有限公司 A kind of dewatered drying device for vegetable
CN205860704U (en) * 2016-06-03 2017-01-04 开县书香种植专业合作社 A kind of fresh pepper dries screening machine
CN206227655U (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-06-09 曾仲明 A kind of mushroom drying unit
CN206289459U (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-06-30 湛江市汉成科技有限公司 One kind can make speciality paper drying unit in uniform thickness

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110712448A (en) * 2019-10-21 2020-01-21 重庆市开州区三中印务有限公司 Method for manufacturing myopia-preventing exercise book
CN111264889A (en) * 2020-03-26 2020-06-12 安徽顺科生产力促进中心有限公司 Food sauce production is with raw and other materials water trap

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
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