CN107981055A - The adult feed for sheep prepared using crop material - Google Patents

The adult feed for sheep prepared using crop material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107981055A
CN107981055A CN201711239874.2A CN201711239874A CN107981055A CN 107981055 A CN107981055 A CN 107981055A CN 201711239874 A CN201711239874 A CN 201711239874A CN 107981055 A CN107981055 A CN 107981055A
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China
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parts
sheep
chinese herbal
feed
herbal medicine
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CN201711239874.2A
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Inventor
曾俊
苏兴才
黄强
梁琼
黄世洋
黎庶凯
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Guangxi Wuming Green World Ecological Agriculture Investment Co Ltd
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Guangxi Wuming Green World Ecological Agriculture Investment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201711239874.2A priority Critical patent/CN107981055A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/10Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for ruminants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/12Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes by fermentation of natural products, e.g. of vegetable material, animal waste material or biomass
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • A23K10/26Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin from waste material, e.g. feathers, bones or skin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/142Amino acids; Derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/174Vitamins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/24Compounds of alkaline earth metals, e.g. magnesium
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/30Oligoelements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses the adult feed for sheep prepared using crop material, belong to technique for producing feed field, the feed is in units of parts by weight, including following raw material:65 75 parts of peanut straw, 35 45 parts of sweet potato vine, 70 90 parts of sugarcane caudal lobe, 60 70 parts of peanut straw, 35 45 parts of soybean bar, 45 65 parts of herbage, 70 90 parts of shrimp powder, 40 60 parts of dregs of beans, 20 30 parts of rice bran, 10 20 parts of Chinese medicine slag, 10 20 parts of compound bacteria, 10 14 parts of rice washing water, 5 10 parts of calcium carbonate, 10 20 parts of salt, 12 16 parts of antioxidant, 12 14 parts of compound amino acid, micro- 26 parts, 8 12 parts of Chinese herbal medicine extract;The Chinese herbal medicine extract added in present invention adult sheep feed can effectively improve the percentage of neutrophil in blood, you can to effectively improve the non-specific immunity of adult sheep, reduce sick rate.

Description

The adult feed for sheep prepared using crop material
Technical field
The present invention relates to technique for producing feed field, more particularly to the adult feed for sheep prepared using crop material.
Background technology
Agricultural crop straw is one of material enriched the most in the world, and according to statistics, the yield of the annual stalk in the whole world exceedes 30.25 hundred million tons, if can make full use of, all these annual stalk resources of the whole world can supply 16.74 hundred million goats and support Grow unit.Stalk belongs to low-quality forage grass, can be carried out fodder utilization, and raw material is provided for the development of animal husbandry;Straw feed Change using being a saving, environmental protection, environmental Land use systems, tangerine stalk is processed into the required high nutritive value of animal husbandry raises Material, improves crops tangerine stalk utilization rate.But stalk belongs to typical low-quality forage grass, its fermentation in ruminant tumor gastric is very Slowly, digestibility is low, and only handles technical finesse stalk using ensiling, ammonification, microbial etc., though its physicochemical character is changed, That prepared feed nutritive value is relatively low, and if processing it is bad, then easily occur various symptom after goat eats, it is therefore desirable to Further optimize preparation process on the basis of using processing feedstuff with stalks of crops, reduce goat risk.
Chinese herbal medicine comes from natural plants, and toxic side effect is small, the katabolism easily in animal body, good drug efficacy, livestock products medicine Thing residual quantity is low and some Chinese herbal medicines have the function that to promote growth of animal etc., in order to reduce the sick probability of livestock and poultry, improves body Immunity, generally improves immunity of organisms using antibiotic is added in feed, and improvement is grown, but antibiotic etc Long-time service can make microorganism produce drug resistance, cause livestock and poultry endogenous infection and two degree of infection, decline immunity of livestock, antibiosis The problems such as element residual, seriously affect animal health and health.At present, more and more antibiotic are prohibited from using;Therefore, Quote Chinese herbal medicine come develop the non-stimulated sick feed of new type of safe for alleviate the feed such as medicament residue and pathogenic bacteria resistance to drugs and Food-safety problem, ensures that human health has positive meaning.
The disclosure of background above technology contents is only used for inventive concept and the technical solution that auxiliary understands the present invention, it is not The prior art of present patent application is necessarily belonged to, shows the applying date of the above in present patent application in no tangible proof In the case of disclosed, above-mentioned background technology should not be taken to the novelty and creativeness of evaluation the application.
The content of the invention
Present invention aims at a kind of adult feed for sheep prepared using crop material is proposed, fitted with solving above-mentioned feed The technical problems such as mouth property is poor, disease resistance is low;The adult feed for sheep of the present invention can effectively realize adult sheep getting fat at the same time.
To solve the above problems, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
The adult feed for sheep prepared using crop material is in units of parts by weight, including following raw material:Peanut straw 65- 75 parts, 35-45 parts of sweet potato vine, 70-90 parts of sugarcane caudal lobe, 60-70 parts of peanut straw, 35-45 parts of soybean bar, 45-65 parts of herbage, 70-90 parts of shrimp powder, 40-60 parts of dregs of beans, 20-30 parts of rice bran, 10-20 parts of Chinese medicine slag, 10-20 parts of compound bacteria, rice washing water 10-14 Part, 5-10 parts of calcium carbonate, 10-20 parts of salt, 12-16 parts of antioxidant, 12-14 parts of compound amino acid, 2-6 parts of trace element, in 8-12 parts of herb extracts;
The Chinese herbal medicine extract is in units of parts by weight, including following raw material:5-7 parts of wrinkled giant hyssop, 6-8 parts of cordate houttuynia, Huang 2-4 parts of lotus, 8-10 parts of garlic, 2-4 parts of Semi-pinnated Brake Herb, 2-4 parts of Potentilla multifida, 6-8 parts of greater celandine, 1-3 parts of Radix Rubi obcordati, STEVIA REBAUDIANA 8-10 parts, 2-4 parts of Radix Codonopsis, 8-10 parts of radix glycyrrhizae, 7-9 parts of jujube.
Further, the feed is in units of parts by weight, including following raw material:70 parts of peanut straw, 40 parts of sweet potato vine, 80 parts of sugarcane caudal lobe, 65 parts of peanut straw, 40 parts of soybean bar, 55 parts of herbage, 80 parts of shrimp powder, 50 parts of dregs of beans, 25 parts of rice bran, in 15 parts of the dregs of a decoction, 15 parts of compound bacteria, 12 parts of rice washing water, 8 parts of calcium carbonate, 15 parts of salt, 14 parts of antioxidant, 13 parts of compound amino acid, Micro- 4 parts, 10 parts of Chinese herbal medicine extract;
The Chinese herbal medicine extract is in units of parts by weight, including following raw material:6 parts of wrinkled giant hyssop, 7 parts of cordate houttuynia, coptis root 3 Part, 9 parts of garlic, 3 parts of Semi-pinnated Brake Herb, 3 parts of Potentilla multifida, 7 parts of greater celandine, 2 parts of Radix Rubi obcordati, 9 parts of STEVIA REBAUDIANA, 3 parts of Radix Codonopsis, radix glycyrrhizae 9 parts, 8 parts of jujube.
Further, the component composition of the compound amino acid by weight percentage, including tryptophan 45%, lysine 20%th, threonine 20%, methionine 15%.
Further, the antioxidant is ginger extract, vitamin C, the ginger extract and ascorbic ratio For 1-1.5:0.5-1.
Further, the Chinese medicine slag is filter residue of the Chinese herbal medicine extract raw material after decocting, filtering.
Above-mentioned adult feed for sheep by pretreatment of raw material, prepare compound bacteria, prepare Chinese herbal medicine extract, fermenting raw materials, Drying and other steps are prepared;The preparation process specifically includes:
S1:Pretreatment of raw material:By peanut straw, sweet potato vine, sugarcane caudal lobe, peanut straw, soybean bar, herbage, Chinese medicine slag It is 65-80% etc. drying to water content, then is crushed to 3-5cm respectively, then mixes, mixed-powder and shrimp powder, the beans of gained The dregs of rice, rice bran, calcium carbonate are uniformly mixed, while are sprayed and added rice washing water, and mixture D is made;
S2:Prepare compound bacteria:
S21:Culture medium:By Sucus Caulis et Folium Brassicae capitatae 0.5g/l-1g/l, peptone 2.5g/l-5g/l, glucose 0.7g/l-1.2g/ L, sodium chloride 0.4g/l-0.9g/l, potassium phosphate 0.8g/l-1.3g/l are uniformly mixed, and sterilizing, obtains culture medium;
S22:Inoculation:Trametes versicolor after purification, microbacterium, saccharomycete are linked into the culture medium of step S21, each bacterium The ratio of kind is 0.5:0.5:1, often in 100g culture mediums, inoculum concentration 0.5-1.0ml;
S23:Prepare compound bacteria:It is under 28-30 DEG C of environment that the culture medium of access Trametes versicolor, microbacterium, saccharomycete is quiet Culture 6-9d is put, is during which shaken up manually once every 2d;Compound bacteria is made.
S3:Prepare extracts of Chinese herbal medicine:
S31:All raw materials of Chinese herbal medicine extract are cleaned, mixing, which is put into, to decoct in container and add clear water, and clear water surpasses Go out raw material surface 2-3cm, decocted 1 time at a temperature of 70-90 DEG C, filtered, filter residue is again with the water of 2-3 times of parts by weight at 50-80 DEG C At a temperature of decoct 1-2 times, filter, merging filtrate is spare;Gained filter residue is Chinese medicine slag;
S32:It is the mixed of 1.20-1.30 that the filtrate that step S31 merges is concentrated into relative density under cryogenic high pressure environment Close liquid A;
S33:Additional proportion is 0.5-0.7 in the mixed liquor A of step S32:The water of 1.0-1.2 and the mixed liquid B of ethanol, The ratio of the mixed liquor A and mixed liquid B is 1-2:0.8;20-30min is stirred under Ultrasonic Conditions;Obtain mixed liquor C;
S34:Mixed liquor C is centrifuged under the conditions of temperature is 30-40 DEG C, rotating speed is 1200-2400r/min, Take supernatant;
S35:The supernatant of step S34 is spray-dried, obtains Chinese herbal medicine extract.
S4:Fermenting raw materials:By mixture D and Chinese herbal medicine extract, antioxygen under the conditions of 28-30 DEG C, 600-800r/min Agent, compound amino acid, salt, trace element, compound bacteria are uniformly mixed, then uniformly mixed material is fermented with diaphragm seal 10-20d;
S3:It is dry:It is 30-40% to air-dry or dry in the shade the material fermented to water content, that is, obtains adult feed for sheep.
Further, the step S32 cryogenic high pressures condition is 10-15 DEG C of temperature, pressure 1.02-1.5MPa.
Further, the step S33 ultrasonic technique conditions are:40-55 DEG C of temperature, power 35-45W, frequency 20- 25KHz。
Further, the process conditions of the step S35 spray drying are:Speed 1000-1500ml/h, feeding temperature 65-70 DEG C, 30-40 DEG C of drop temperature, atomizing pressure 1.5-2.15MPa.
Further, the step S4 antioxidant additive amount is the 1.5% of mixture D mass percents.
The beneficial effect that the present invention is compared with the prior art includes:
1st, the adult sheep feed prepared using technical solution of the present invention, palatability is preferable, and full of nutrition, grows up after edible Sheep weightening is obvious, and without sick phenomenon, illustrates Chinese herbal medicine treatment process using the present invention, by concentrated medicine juice by active principle Concentration is collected, then extracts supernatant through extraction, centrifugal treating, and each processing step is closely coupled, can be very good Chinese herbal medicine In active ingredient concentration extraction come out, greatly improve the utilization rate of active principle;Pass through compound bacteria-fermented at the same time so that The active ingredient and amino acid of Chinese herbal medicine extract, trace element spread or penetrate into feed well, improve the battalion of feed Support value and disease resistance.
2nd, this wrinkled giant hyssop, cordate houttuynia, coptis root, garlic, Semi-pinnated Brake Herb, Potentilla multifida, greater celandine, Radix Rubi obcordati, STEVIA REBAUDIANA, party Ginseng, radix glycyrrhizae, jujube play synergistic effect;Wrinkled giant hyssop is used cooperatively with cordate houttuynia, garlic, coptis root, has change turbid with, purging intense heat solution The effect of poison, sterilization stomach invigorating, Semi-pinnated Brake Herb, Potentilla multifida, greater celandine, Radix Rubi obcordati pass through reasonable compatibility, can prevent influenza, sense Metachromia dysentery and more inflammation, with wrinkled giant hyssop coptis root etc. with the use of the immunity that can further enhance sheep, Radix Codonopsis, jujube are used cooperatively With tonifying middle-Jiao and Qi, the effect of strengthen immunity, STEVIA REBAUDIANA contains abundant synanthrin glycosides, its sugariness is the 150~300 of sucrose Times, it is a kind of fabulous natural sweetener, seasoning effect is primarily served in Traditional medicine infusion, avoids the Chinese herbal medicine that boils excessively bitter It is puckery;Radix glycyrrhizae primarily serves the effect of coordinating the drug actions of a prescription so that the ten more rational compatibilities of taste Chinese herbal medicine, it is respective the effect of reach maximum Change, therefore, 12 taste Chinese herbal medicines of the invention pass through reasonable compatibility so that each the effective elements of the medicine is fully used, and increases The 12 taste Chinese herbal medicines of disease-resistant, tonifying middle-Jiao and Qi the effect present invention of antibacterial of strong adult feed for sheep pass through reasonable compatibility so that Each the effective elements of the medicine is fully used, and the antibacterial of enhancing adult feed for sheep is disease-resistant, effect of tonifying middle-Jiao and Qi.
3rd, the Chinese herbal medicine extract added in present invention adult sheep feed can effectively improve neutrophil in blood Percentage, you can with effectively improve adult sheep non-specific immunity, reduce sick rate.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail with reference to embodiment.It is emphasized that the description below is only Only it is exemplary, the scope being not intended to be limiting of the invention and its application.
Embodiment 1:
The adult feed for sheep prepared using crop material is in units of parts by weight, including following raw material:Peanut straw 65 Part, 35 parts of sweet potato vine, 70 parts of sugarcane caudal lobe, 60 parts of peanut straw, 35 parts of soybean bar, 45 parts of herbage, 70 parts of shrimp powder, dregs of beans 40 Part, 20 parts of rice bran, 10 parts of Chinese medicine slag, 10 parts of compound bacteria, 10 parts of rice washing water, 5 parts of calcium carbonate, 10 parts of salt, 12 parts of antioxidant, answer Close 2 parts of amino acid/11, micro- 2 parts, 8 parts of Chinese herbal medicine extract;
The Chinese herbal medicine extract is in units of parts by weight, including following raw material:5 parts of wrinkled giant hyssop, 6 parts of cordate houttuynia, coptis root 2 Part, 8 parts of garlic, 2 parts of Semi-pinnated Brake Herb, 2 parts of Potentilla multifida, 6 parts of greater celandine, 1 part of Radix Rubi obcordati, 8 parts of STEVIA REBAUDIANA, 2 parts of Radix Codonopsis, radix glycyrrhizae 8 parts, 7 parts of jujube;
The component composition of the compound amino acid by weight percentage, including tryptophan 45%, lysine 20%, Soviet Union's ammonia Acid 20%, methionine 15%;
The antioxidant is ginger extract, vitamin C, and the ginger extract and ascorbic ratio are 1:0.5;
The Chinese medicine slag is filter residue of the Chinese herbal medicine extract raw material after decocting, filtering;
Above-mentioned adult feed for sheep by pretreatment of raw material, prepare compound bacteria, prepare Chinese herbal medicine extract, fermenting raw materials, Drying and other steps are prepared;Specific preparation process includes:
S1:Pretreatment of raw material:By peanut straw, sweet potato vine, sugarcane caudal lobe, peanut straw, soybean bar, herbage, Chinese medicine slag It is 65% etc. drying to water content, then is crushed to 3cm respectively, then mixes, mixed-powder and shrimp powder, dregs of beans, the rice of gained Chaff, calcium carbonate are uniformly mixed, while are sprayed and added rice washing water, and mixture D is made;
S2:Prepare compound bacteria:
S21:Culture medium:By Sucus Caulis et Folium Brassicae capitatae 0.5g/l, peptone 2.5g/l, glucose 0.7g/l, sodium chloride 0.4g/l, phosphorus Sour potassium 0.8g/l is uniformly mixed, and sterilizing, obtains culture medium;
S22:Inoculation:Trametes versicolor after purification, microbacterium, saccharomycete are linked into the culture medium of step S21, each bacterium The ratio of kind is 0.5:0.5:1, often in 100g culture mediums, inoculum concentration 0.5ml;
S23:Prepare compound bacteria:The culture medium standing training of Trametes versicolor, microbacterium, saccharomycete will be accessed under 28 DEG C of environment 6d is supported, is during which shaken up manually once every 2d;Compound bacteria is made.
S3:Prepare extracts of Chinese herbal medicine:
S31:All raw materials of Chinese herbal medicine extract are cleaned, mixing, which is put into, to decoct in container and add clear water, and clear water surpasses Go out raw material surface 2cm, decocted 1 time at a temperature of 70 DEG C, filtered, filter residue decocts 1 with the water of 2 times of parts by weight at a temperature of 50 DEG C again It is secondary, filter, merging filtrate is spare;Gained filter residue is Chinese medicine slag;
S32:By the filtrate that step S31 merges 10 DEG C of temperature, pressure 1.02MPa cryogenic high pressure environment under be concentrated into phase To the mixed liquor A that density is 1.20;
S33:Additional proportion is 0.5 in the mixed liquor A of step S32:1.0 water and the mixed liquid B of ethanol, the mixing The ratio of liquid A and mixed liquid B is 1:0.8;40 DEG C of temperature, power 35W, frequency 20KHz Ultrasonic Conditions under stir 20min;Obtain mixed liquor C;
S34:Mixed liquor C is centrifuged under the conditions of temperature is 30 DEG C, rotating speed is 1200r/min, takes supernatant;
S35:Will step under the conditions of speed 1000ml/h, 65 DEG C of feeding temperature, 30 DEG C of drop temperature, atomizing pressure 1.5MPa The supernatant of rapid S34 is spray-dried, and obtains Chinese herbal medicine extract;
S4:Fermenting raw materials:By mixture D and Chinese herbal medicine extract, antioxidant, compound under the conditions of 28 DEG C, 600r/min Amino acid, salt, trace element, compound bacteria are uniformly mixed, then uniformly mixed material is fermented 10d with diaphragm seal;
Preferable antioxidant additive amount is the 1.5% of mixture D mass percents;
S3:It is dry:It is 30% to air-dry or dry in the shade the material fermented to water content, that is, obtains adult feed for sheep.
Embodiment 2:
The adult feed for sheep prepared using crop material is in units of parts by weight, including following raw material:Including following original Material:70 parts of peanut straw, 40 parts of sweet potato vine, 80 parts of sugarcane caudal lobe, 65 parts of peanut straw, 40 parts of soybean bar, 55 parts of herbage, dried small shrimp 80 parts of powder, 50 parts of dregs of beans, 25 parts of rice bran, 15 parts of Chinese medicine slag, 15 parts of compound bacteria, 12 parts of rice washing water, 8 parts of calcium carbonate, 15 parts of salt, 14 parts of antioxidant, 13 parts of compound amino acid, micro- 4 parts, 10 parts of Chinese herbal medicine extract;
The Chinese herbal medicine extract is in units of parts by weight, including following raw material:6 parts of wrinkled giant hyssop, 7 parts of cordate houttuynia, coptis root 3 Part, 9 parts of garlic, 3 parts of Semi-pinnated Brake Herb, 3 parts of Potentilla multifida, 7 parts of greater celandine, 2 parts of Radix Rubi obcordati, 9 parts of STEVIA REBAUDIANA, 3 parts of Radix Codonopsis, radix glycyrrhizae 9 parts, 8 parts of jujube;
The component composition of the compound amino acid by weight percentage, including tryptophan 45%, lysine 20%, Soviet Union's ammonia Acid 20%, methionine 15%;
The antioxidant is ginger extract, vitamin C, and the ginger extract and ascorbic ratio are 1.2: 0.7;
The Chinese medicine slag is filter residue of the Chinese herbal medicine extract raw material after decocting, filtering;
Above-mentioned adult feed for sheep by pretreatment of raw material, prepare compound bacteria, prepare Chinese herbal medicine extract, fermenting raw materials, Drying and other steps are prepared;Specific preparation process includes:
S1:Pretreatment of raw material:By peanut straw, sweet potato vine, sugarcane caudal lobe, peanut straw, soybean bar, herbage, Chinese medicine slag It is 75% etc. drying to water content, then is crushed to 4cm respectively, then mixes, mixed-powder and shrimp powder, dregs of beans, the rice of gained Chaff, calcium carbonate are uniformly mixed, while are sprayed and added rice washing water, and mixture D is made;
S2:Prepare compound bacteria:
S21:Culture medium:By Sucus Caulis et Folium Brassicae capitatae 0.8g/l, peptone 3.5g/l, glucose 0.9g/l, sodium chloride 0.6g/l, phosphorus Sour potassium 0.9g/l is uniformly mixed, and sterilizing, obtains culture medium;
S22:Inoculation:Trametes versicolor after purification, microbacterium, saccharomycete are linked into the culture medium of step S21, each bacterium The ratio of kind is 0.5:0.5:1, often in 100g culture mediums, inoculum concentration 0.7ml;
S23:Prepare compound bacteria:The culture medium standing training of Trametes versicolor, microbacterium, saccharomycete will be accessed under 29 DEG C of environment 7d is supported, is during which shaken up manually once every 2d;Compound bacteria is made.
S3:Prepare extracts of Chinese herbal medicine:
S31:All raw materials of Chinese herbal medicine extract are cleaned, mixing, which is put into, to decoct in container and add clear water, and clear water surpasses Go out raw material surface 3cm, decocted 1 time at a temperature of 80 DEG C, filtered, filter residue decocts 2 with the water of 3 times of parts by weight at a temperature of 65 DEG C again It is secondary, filter, merging filtrate is spare;Gained filter residue is Chinese medicine slag;
S32:By the filtrate that step S31 merges 13 DEG C of temperature, pressure 1.25MPa cryogenic high pressure environment under be concentrated into phase To the mixed liquor A that density is 1.25;
S33:Additional proportion is 0.6 in the mixed liquor A of step S32:1.1 water and the mixed liquid B of ethanol, the mixing The ratio of liquid A and mixed liquid B is 1.5:0.8;Temperature 45 C, power 40W, frequency 23KHz Ultrasonic Conditions under stir 25min;Obtain mixed liquor C;
S34:Mixed liquor C is centrifuged under the conditions of temperature is 35 DEG C, rotating speed is 1800r/min, takes supernatant;
S35:Will under the conditions of speed 1300ml/h, 68 DEG C of feeding temperature, 35 DEG C of drop temperature, atomizing pressure 1.95MPa The supernatant of step S34 is spray-dried, and obtains Chinese herbal medicine extract.
S4:Fermenting raw materials:By mixture D and Chinese herbal medicine extract, antioxidant, compound under the conditions of 29 DEG C, 700r/min Amino acid, salt, trace element, compound bacteria are uniformly mixed, then uniformly mixed material is fermented 15d with diaphragm seal;
Preferable antioxidant additive amount is the 1.5% of mixture D mass percents;
S3:It is dry:It is 35% to air-dry or dry in the shade the material fermented to water content, that is, obtains adult feed for sheep.
Embodiment 3:
The adult feed for sheep prepared using crop material is in units of parts by weight, including following raw material:Peanut straw 75 Part, 45 parts of sweet potato vine, 90 parts of sugarcane caudal lobe, 70 parts of peanut straw, 45 parts of soybean bar, 65 parts of herbage, 90 parts of shrimp powder, dregs of beans 60 Part, 30 parts of rice bran, 20 parts of Chinese medicine slag, 20 parts of compound bacteria, 14 parts of rice washing water, 10 parts of calcium carbonate, 20 parts of salt, 16 parts of antioxidant, 14 parts of compound amino acid, micro- 6 parts, 12 parts of Chinese herbal medicine extract;
The Chinese herbal medicine extract is in units of parts by weight, including following raw material:7 parts of wrinkled giant hyssop, 8 parts of cordate houttuynia, coptis root 4 It is part, 10 parts of garlic, 4 parts of Semi-pinnated Brake Herb, 4 parts of Potentilla multifida, 8 parts of greater celandine, 3 parts of Radix Rubi obcordati, 10 parts of STEVIA REBAUDIANA, 4 parts of Radix Codonopsis, sweet Careless 10 parts, 9 parts of jujube;
The component composition of the compound amino acid by weight percentage, including tryptophan 45%, lysine 20%, Soviet Union's ammonia Acid 20%, methionine 15%;
The antioxidant is ginger extract, vitamin C, and the ginger extract and ascorbic ratio are 1.5:1;
The Chinese medicine slag is filter residue of the Chinese herbal medicine extract raw material after decocting, filtering;
Above-mentioned adult feed for sheep by pretreatment of raw material, prepare compound bacteria, prepare Chinese herbal medicine extract, fermenting raw materials, Drying and other steps are prepared;Specific preparation process includes:
S1:Pretreatment of raw material:By peanut straw, sweet potato vine, sugarcane caudal lobe, peanut straw, soybean bar, herbage, Chinese medicine slag It is 80% etc. drying to water content, then is crushed to 5cm respectively, then mixes, mixed-powder and shrimp powder, dregs of beans, the rice of gained Chaff, calcium carbonate are uniformly mixed, while are sprayed and added rice washing water, and mixture D is made;
S2:Prepare compound bacteria:
S21:Culture medium:By Sucus Caulis et Folium Brassicae capitatae 1g/l, peptone 5g/l, glucose 1.2g/l, sodium chloride 0.9g/l, potassium phosphate 1.3g/l is uniformly mixed, and sterilizing, obtains culture medium;
S22:Inoculation:Trametes versicolor after purification, microbacterium, saccharomycete are linked into the culture medium of step S21, each bacterium The ratio of kind is 0.5:0.5:1, often in 100g culture mediums, inoculum concentration 1.0ml;
S23:Prepare compound bacteria:The culture medium standing training of Trametes versicolor, microbacterium, saccharomycete will be accessed under 30 DEG C of environment 9d is supported, is during which shaken up manually once every 2d;Compound bacteria is made.
S3:Prepare extracts of Chinese herbal medicine:
S31:All raw materials of Chinese herbal medicine extract are cleaned, mixing, which is put into, to decoct in container and add clear water, and clear water surpasses Go out raw material surface 3cm, decocted 1 time at a temperature of 90 DEG C, filtered, filter residue decocts 2 with the water of 3 times of parts by weight at a temperature of 80 DEG C again It is secondary, filter, merging filtrate is spare;Gained filter residue is Chinese medicine slag;
S32:By the filtrate that step S31 merges 15 DEG C of temperature, pressure 1.5MPa cryogenic high pressure environment under be concentrated into phase To the mixed liquor A that density is 1.30;
S33:Additional proportion is 0.7 in the mixed liquor A of step S32:1.2 water and the mixed liquid B of ethanol, the mixing The ratio of liquid A and mixed liquid B is 2:0.8;55 DEG C of temperature, power 45W, frequency 25KHz Ultrasonic Conditions under stir 30min;Obtain mixed liquor C;
S34:Mixed liquor C is centrifuged under the conditions of temperature is 40 DEG C, rotating speed is 2400r/min, takes supernatant;
S35:Will under the conditions of speed 1500ml/h, 70 DEG C of feeding temperature, 40 DEG C of drop temperature, atomizing pressure 2.15MPa The supernatant of step S34 is spray-dried, and obtains Chinese herbal medicine extract.
S4:Fermenting raw materials:By mixture D and Chinese herbal medicine extract, antioxidant, compound under the conditions of 30 DEG C, 800r/min Amino acid, salt, trace element, compound bacteria are uniformly mixed, then uniformly mixed material is fermented 20d with diaphragm seal;
Preferable antioxidant additive amount is the 1.5% of mixture D mass percents;
S3:It is dry:It is 40% to air-dry or dry in the shade the material fermented to water content, that is, obtains adult feed for sheep.
Comparative example 1:
The adult feed for sheep prepared using crop material is in units of parts by weight, including following raw material:Including following original Material:70 parts of peanut straw, 40 parts of sweet potato vine, 80 parts of sugarcane caudal lobe, 65 parts of peanut straw, 40 parts of soybean bar, 55 parts of herbage, dried small shrimp 80 parts of powder, 50 parts of dregs of beans, 25 parts of rice bran, 15 parts of Chinese medicine slag, 15 parts of saccharomycete, 12 parts of rice washing water, 8 parts of calcium carbonate, 15 parts of salt, 14 parts of antioxidant, 13 parts of compound amino acid, micro- 4 parts, 10 parts of Chinese herbal medicine extract;
The Chinese herbal medicine extract is in units of parts by weight, including following raw material:6 parts of wrinkled giant hyssop, 7 parts of cordate houttuynia, coptis root 3 Part, 9 parts of garlic, 3 parts of Semi-pinnated Brake Herb, 3 parts of Potentilla multifida, 7 parts of greater celandine, 2 parts of Radix Rubi obcordati, 9 parts of STEVIA REBAUDIANA, 3 parts of Radix Codonopsis, radix glycyrrhizae 9 parts, 8 parts of jujube;
The component composition of the compound amino acid by weight percentage, including tryptophan 45%, lysine 20%, Soviet Union's ammonia Acid 20%, methionine 15%;
The antioxidant is ginger extract, vitamin C, and the ginger extract and ascorbic ratio are 1.2: 0.7;
The Chinese medicine slag is filter residue of the Chinese herbal medicine extract raw material after decocting, filtering;
Above-mentioned adult feed for sheep by pretreatment of raw material, prepare Chinese herbal medicine extract, fermenting raw materials, drying and other steps system It is standby to obtain;Specific preparation process includes:
S1:Pretreatment of raw material:By peanut straw, sweet potato vine, sugarcane caudal lobe, peanut straw, soybean bar, herbage, Chinese medicine slag It is 80% etc. drying to water content, then is crushed to 5cm respectively, then mixes, mixed-powder and shrimp powder, dregs of beans, the rice of gained Chaff, calcium carbonate are uniformly mixed, while are sprayed and added rice washing water, and mixture D is made;
S2:Prepare extracts of Chinese herbal medicine:
S21:All raw materials of Chinese herbal medicine extract are cleaned, mixing, which is put into, to decoct in container and add clear water, and clear water surpasses Go out raw material surface 3cm, decocted 1 time at a temperature of 90 DEG C, filtered, filter residue decocts 2 with the water of 3 times of parts by weight at a temperature of 80 DEG C again It is secondary, filter, merging filtrate is spare;Gained filter residue is Chinese medicine slag;
S22:By the filtrate that step S21 merges 15 DEG C of temperature, pressure 1.5MPa cryogenic high pressure environment under be concentrated into phase To the mixed liquor A that density is 1.30;
S23:Additional proportion is 0.7 in the mixed liquor A of step S22:1.2 water and the mixed liquid B of ethanol, the mixing The ratio of liquid A and mixed liquid B is 2:0.8;55 DEG C of temperature, power 45W, frequency 25KHz Ultrasonic Conditions under stir 30min;Obtain mixed liquor C;
S24:Mixed liquor C is centrifuged under the conditions of temperature is 40 DEG C, rotating speed is 2400r/min, takes supernatant;
S25:Will under the conditions of speed 1500ml/h, 70 DEG C of feeding temperature, 40 DEG C of drop temperature, atomizing pressure 2.15MPa The supernatant of step S24 is spray-dried, and obtains Chinese herbal medicine extract.
S3:Fermenting raw materials:By mixture D and Chinese herbal medicine extract, antioxidant, compound under the conditions of 30 DEG C, 800r/min Amino acid, salt, trace element, saccharomycete are uniformly mixed, then uniformly mixed material is fermented 20d with diaphragm seal;
Preferable antioxidant additive amount is the 1.5% of mixture D mass percents;
S4:It is dry:It is 40% to air-dry or dry in the shade the material fermented to water content, that is, obtains adult feed for sheep.
Comparative example 2
The technical solution of comparative example 2 and the technical solution of embodiment 2 are essentially identical, difference lies in:
The Chinese herbal medicine extract obtains by the following method:
S2:Prepare extracts of Chinese herbal medicine:
S21:All raw materials of Chinese herbal medicine extract are cleaned, mixing, which is put into, to decoct in container and add clear water, and clear water surpasses Go out raw material surface 3cm, decocted 1 time at a temperature of 90 DEG C, filtered, filter residue decocts 2 with the water of 3 times of parts by weight at a temperature of 80 DEG C again It is secondary, filter, merging filtrate is spare;Gained filter residue is Chinese medicine slag;
S25:Will under the conditions of speed 1500ml/h, 70 DEG C of feeding temperature, 40 DEG C of drop temperature, atomizing pressure 2.15MPa The merging filtrate of step S21 is spray-dried, and obtains Chinese herbal medicine extract.
Other preparation processes are identical with the preparation process of embodiment 2.
Comparative example 3:
The technical solution of comparative example 3 and the technical solution of embodiment 2 are essentially identical, difference lies in:
The Chinese herbal medicine extract is in units of parts by weight, including following raw material:3 parts of Semi-pinnated Brake Herb, 3 parts of Potentilla multifida, 7 parts of greater celandine, 2 parts of Radix Rubi obcordati, 9 parts of STEVIA REBAUDIANA, 3 parts of Radix Codonopsis, 9 parts of radix glycyrrhizae, 8 parts of jujube;
Other preparation processes are identical with the preparation process of embodiment 2.
Comparative example 4:
The technical solution of comparative example 4 and the technical solution of embodiment 2 are essentially identical, difference lies in:
The Chinese herbal medicine extract is in units of parts by weight, including following raw material:9 parts of STEVIA REBAUDIANA, 3 parts of Radix Codonopsis, radix glycyrrhizae 9 Part, 8 parts of jujube;
Other preparation processes are identical with the preparation process of embodiment 2.
Comparative example 5:
The technical solution of comparative example 5 and the technical solution of embodiment 2 are essentially identical, difference lies in:
The Chinese herbal medicine extract is in units of parts by weight, including following raw material:3 parts of Semi-pinnated Brake Herb, 3 parts of Potentilla multifida, 7 parts of greater celandine, 2 parts of Radix Rubi obcordati;
Other preparation processes are identical with the preparation process of embodiment 2.
Effect example:
Prepare adult feed for sheep respectively using the technical solution of embodiment 1-3 and comparative example 1-5, while using selection 80 Head is 14 ± 1kg adult sheep (30 age in days) without illness record and weight;It is divided into 8 groups, every group 10, using above-mentioned technical side Feed prepared by case carries out nursing experiment, and daily sooner or later each feeding is once;Experimental period is 40 days, and every 10 day morning weighs on an empty stomach Once, take a blood sample once at the jugular vein of adult sheep on the day of off-test, blood volume 5ml.The weightening of adult sheep after the test The palatability of rate, sick rate result and feed is as shown in table 1;Leucocyte investigation result is as shown in table 2 in adult sheep blood.
Table 1:
Table 2:
It was found from the embodiment 2 of table 1 and comparative example 1-2, if individually using saccharomycetes to make fermentation raw material or Chinese herbal juice not Concentrated, extraction, centrifuging and taking supernatant but directly utilize Chinese herbal medicine filtrate, then the feed palatability produced is poor, grows up Sheep increase weight unobvious and adult sheep immunity it is low easily it is sick;This is because Trametes versicolor in the compound bacteria that uses of the present invention and Microbacterium, which has, destroys cell membrane, the degraded effect such as crude fibre and pectin, and is used cooperatively to produce with saccharomycete and cooperates with work With while fermentation the cell membrane in sugarcane caudal lobe and stalk can be destroyed, crude fibre of degrading so that the feed prepared Nutrition is more abundant, and is easier to be digested and assimilated by adult sheep.In addition, it can be seen that use from embodiment 2 and comparative example 1-4 Adult sheep feed prepared by technical solution of the present invention, palatability is preferable, and full of nutrition, and sheep weightening of growing up after eating is obvious, and Without sick phenomenon, illustrate Chinese herbal medicine treatment process using the present invention, i.e., active principle is concentrated by concentrated medicine juice and collected, then Through extraction, centrifugal treating extraction supernatant, each processing step is closely coupled, preferably can concentrate active ingredient in Chinese herbal medicine Extraction, greatly improves the utilization rate of active principle;Pass through compound bacteria-fermented at the same time so that the active ingredient of Chinese herbal medicine extract And amino acid, trace element spread or penetrate into feed well, improve the nutritive value of feed.
Neutrophil percentage in adult sheep blood is related to the nospecific immunity for the sheep that grows up;In a certain range Interior, neutrophil percentage is higher, then the non-specific immunity for the sheep that grows up is stronger.Can from the embodiment 1-3 of table 2 Know, the percentage difference unobvious of neutrophil between embodiment 1-3, but compared with comparative example 1-5,3 will be higher by More than percentage point, illustrate that the percentage of neutrophil in blood can be effectively improved by adding Chinese herbal medicine extract, you can with The non-specific immunity of adult sheep is effectively improved, reduces sick rate.In addition, understand the leaves of pulse plants from embodiment 2 and comparative example 3-4 Perfume, cordate houttuynia, coptis root, garlic, Semi-pinnated Brake Herb, Potentilla multifida, greater celandine, Radix Rubi obcordati, STEVIA REBAUDIANA, Radix Codonopsis, radix glycyrrhizae, jujube play Synergistic effect.Wrinkled giant hyssop is high calcium, high carotene integration of drinking and medicinal herbs food, rich in protein, fat, carbohydrate, carrotene, The nutriments such as vitamin A, vitamin B, niacin, vitamin C, calcium, phosphorus, iron, and it is the main estragole contained in its oil, right Cymene, I- cloves alkene etc., to a variety of pathogenic funguses, there is certain inhibitory action;Cordate houttuynia is Saururaceae, its master contains The multiple components such as volatile oil, decanoyl acetaldehyde, decanoy acetaldehyde, to various Xenorhabduses, coccus, influenza virus, Leptospira etc. There is suppression antibacterial action, and Organism immunoregulation function increase leukocytes phagocytic ability can be improved;Garlic is big for liliaceous plant The bulb of garlic, containing protein, fat, carbohydrate, crude fibre, calcium, phosphorus, iron, thiamine, riboflavin, volatile oil etc., is used as medicine Acted on row stagnant gas, warming spleen and stomach, eliminating mass disease, Pesticidal and sterilizing etc.;Coptis root bitter, mild-natured, clearing heat and detoxicating, the clearing and activating the channels and collaterals of energy, is used Have a toothache in damp and hot feeling of fullness, vomiting acid regurgitation dysentery, unconsciousness due to high fever, heart-fire hyperactivity, hot eyes, the symptoms such as duct is suppurated;So wrinkled giant hyssop and fish Raw meat grass, garlic, coptis root are used cooperatively, having effects that it is turbid and in, purging intense heat and detonicating, sterilization stomach invigorating;Semi-pinnated Brake Herb bitter, pungent, property It is cool.With clearing heat and detoxicating, swelling and pain relieving effect, for bacillary dysentery, chordapsus, icteric hepatitis, conjunctivitis;Split committee more Mound dish is sweet in flavor, slight bitter, cold in nature, has clearing heat and promoting diuresis, and stop blooding disinsection efficiency, is mainly used for hepatitis, enterobiasis;Radix Rubi obcordati is sour, It is puckery, it is warm-natured, there is swelling and pain relieving, astringing to arrest diarrhea effect, is mainly used for tonsillitis, and toothache, muscles and bones is ached, acute and chronic dysentery; Dish bitter is bent, it is cool in nature, have clearing heat and detoxicating, relieve pain cough-relieving effect, be mainly used for gastritis, gastric ulcer, abdominal pain, enteritis, dysentery is yellow The symptoms such as subcutaneous ulcer, chronic bronchitis;So Semi-pinnated Brake Herb, Potentilla multifida, greater celandine, Radix Rubi obcordati pass through reasonable compatibility, can prevent Influenza, infectious dysentery and more inflammation, with wrinkled giant hyssop coptis root etc. with the use of the immunity that can further enhance sheep;In addition, Radix Codonopsis, Jujube is with the use of having tonifying middle-Jiao and Qi, the effect of strengthen immunity, and STEVIA REBAUDIANA contains abundant synanthrin glycosides, its sugariness is sucrose 150~300 times, be a kind of fabulous natural sweetener, primarily served in Traditional medicine infusion seasoning effect, avoid in boiling Herbal medicine is excessively bitter;Radix glycyrrhizae primarily serves the effect of coordinating the drug actions of a prescription so that the more rational compatibility of Chinese herbal medicine, it is respective the effect of reach To maximization.
Above content is to combine preferred embodiment further description made for the present invention, it is impossible to assert this hair Bright specific implementation is confined to these explanations.For general technical staff of the technical field of the invention, do not taking off On the premise of present inventive concept, it can also make some replacements or modification to the embodiment that these have been described, and these are replaced Generation or variant should all be considered as belonging to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. using crop material prepare adult feed for sheep, it is characterised in that the feed in units of parts by weight, including with Lower raw material:65-75 parts of peanut straw, 35-45 parts of sweet potato vine, 70-90 parts of sugarcane caudal lobe, 60-70 parts of peanut straw, soybean bar 35-45 parts, it is 45-65 parts of herbage, 70-90 parts of shrimp powder, 40-60 parts of dregs of beans, 20-30 parts of rice bran, 10-20 parts of Chinese medicine slag, compound 10-20 parts of bacterium, 10-14 parts of rice washing water, 5-10 parts of calcium carbonate, 10-20 parts of salt, 12-16 parts of antioxidant, compound amino acid 12- 14 parts, 2-6 parts of trace element, 8-12 parts of Chinese herbal medicine extract;
The Chinese herbal medicine extract is in units of parts by weight, including following raw material:5-7 parts of wrinkled giant hyssop, 6-8 parts of cordate houttuynia, coptis root 2-4 Part, 8-10 parts of garlic, 2-4 parts of Semi-pinnated Brake Herb, 2-4 parts of Potentilla multifida, 6-8 parts of greater celandine, 1-3 parts of Radix Rubi obcordati, STEVIA REBAUDIANA 8-10 Part, 2-4 parts of Radix Codonopsis, 8-10 parts of radix glycyrrhizae, 7-9 parts of jujube.
2. the adult feed for sheep prepared as claimed in claim 1 using crop material, it is characterised in that the feed is with weight Part it is unit, including following raw material:70 parts of peanut straw, 40 parts of sweet potato vine, 80 parts of sugarcane caudal lobe, 65 parts of peanut straw, soybean 40 parts of bar, 55 parts of herbage, 80 parts of shrimp powder, 50 parts of dregs of beans, 25 parts of rice bran, 15 parts of Chinese medicine slag, 15 parts of compound bacteria, rice washing water 12 Part, 8 parts of calcium carbonate, 15 parts of salt, 14 parts of antioxidant, 13 parts of compound amino acid, micro- 4 parts, 10 parts of Chinese herbal medicine extract;
The Chinese herbal medicine extract is in units of parts by weight, including following raw material:It is 6 parts of wrinkled giant hyssop, 7 parts of cordate houttuynia, 3 parts of coptis root, big 9 parts of garlic, 3 parts of Semi-pinnated Brake Herb, 3 parts of Potentilla multifida, 7 parts of greater celandine, 2 parts of Radix Rubi obcordati, 9 parts of STEVIA REBAUDIANA, 3 parts of Radix Codonopsis, 9 parts of radix glycyrrhizae, 8 parts of jujube.
3. the adult feed for sheep prepared as described in claim 1-2 is any using crop material, it is characterised in that described compound The component composition of amino acid by weight percentage, including tryptophan 45%, lysine 20%, threonine 20%, methionine 15%.
4. the adult feed for sheep prepared as described in claim 1-2 is any using crop material, it is characterised in that the antioxygen Agent is ginger extract, vitamin C, and the ginger extract and ascorbic ratio are 1-1.5:0.5-1.
5. the adult feed for sheep prepared as described in claim 1-2 is any using crop material, it is characterised in that the Chinese medicine Slag is filter residue of the Chinese herbal medicine extract raw material after decocting, filtering.
6. stated as described in claim 1-2 is any using crop material prepare adult feed for sheep, it is characterised in that it is described into Year feed for sheep by pretreatment of raw material, prepare compound bacteria, prepare Chinese herbal medicine extract, fermenting raw materials, drying and other steps and prepare Obtain;The preparation process specifically includes:
S1:Pretreatment of raw material:Peanut straw, sweet potato vine, sugarcane caudal lobe, peanut straw, soybean bar, herbage, Chinese medicine slag etc. are dried in the air It is 65-80% to do to water content, then is crushed to 3-5cm respectively, is then mixed, mixed-powder and shrimp powder, dregs of beans, the rice of gained Chaff, calcium carbonate are uniformly mixed, while are sprayed and added rice washing water, and mixture D is made;
S2:Prepare compound bacteria:
S21:Culture medium:By Sucus Caulis et Folium Brassicae capitatae 0.5g/l-1g/l, peptone 2.5g/l-5g/l, glucose 0.7g/l-1.2g/l, chlorine Change sodium 0.4g/l-0.9g/l, potassium phosphate 0.8g/l-1.3g/l is uniformly mixed, sterilizing, acquisition culture medium;
S22:Inoculation:Trametes versicolor after purification, microbacterium, saccharomycete are linked into the culture medium of step S21, each strain Ratio is 0.5:0.5:1, often in 100g culture mediums, inoculum concentration 0.5-1.0ml;
S23:Prepare compound bacteria:The culture medium standing training of Trametes versicolor, microbacterium, saccharomycete will be accessed under 28-30 DEG C of environment 6-9d is supported, is during which shaken up manually once every 2d;Compound bacteria is made.
S3:Prepare extracts of Chinese herbal medicine:
S31:All raw materials of Chinese herbal medicine extract are cleaned, mixing, which is put into, decocts in container and add clear water, and clear water is beyond original Expect surface 2-3cm, decocted 1 time at a temperature of 70-90 DEG C, filtered, filter residue is again with the water of 2-3 times of parts by weight in 50-80 DEG C of temperature It is lower to decoct 1-2 times, filter, merging filtrate is spare;Gained filter residue is Chinese medicine slag;
S32:The filtrate that step S31 merges is concentrated into the mixed liquor that relative density is 1.20-1.30 under cryogenic high pressure environment A;
S33:Additional proportion is 0.5-0.7 in the mixed liquor A of step S32:The water of 1.0-1.2 and the mixed liquid B of ethanol, it is described The ratio of mixed liquor A and mixed liquid B is 1-2:0.8;20-30min is stirred under Ultrasonic Conditions;Obtain mixed liquor C;
S34:Mixed liquor C is centrifuged under the conditions of temperature is 30-40 DEG C, rotating speed is 1200-2400r/min, is taken Clear liquid;
S35:The supernatant of step S34 is spray-dried, obtains Chinese herbal medicine extract.
S4:Fermenting raw materials:By mixture D and Chinese herbal medicine extract, antioxidant, multiple under the conditions of 28-30 DEG C, 600-800r/min Close amino acid, salt, trace element, compound bacteria are uniformly mixed, then uniformly mixed material is fermented 10-20d with diaphragm seal;
S3:It is dry:It is 30-40% to air-dry or dry in the shade the material fermented to water content, that is, obtains adult feed for sheep.
7. the adult feed for sheep prepared using crop material is stated as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that the step S32 Cryogenic high pressure condition is 10-15 DEG C of temperature, pressure 1.02-1.5MPa.
8. the adult feed for sheep prepared using crop material is stated as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that the step S33 Ultrasonic technique condition is:40-55 DEG C of temperature, power 35-45W, frequency 20-25KHz.
9. the adult feed for sheep prepared using crop material is stated as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that the step S35 The process conditions of spray drying are:Speed 1000-1500ml/h, 65-70 DEG C of feeding temperature, 30-40 DEG C of drop temperature, atomization pressure Power 1.5-2.15MPa.
10. the adult feed for sheep prepared using crop material is stated as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that the step S4 Antioxidant additive amount is the 1.5% of mixture D mass percents.
CN201711239874.2A 2017-11-30 2017-11-30 The adult feed for sheep prepared using crop material Pending CN107981055A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108740330A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-11-06 广西山水牛畜牧业有限责任公司 A kind of functional feed and preparation method thereof rich in jujube

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CN104222628A (en) * 2014-08-26 2014-12-24 陈文文 Composite Chinese herb medicine feed additive
CN105325710A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-02-17 陈琳 Goat feed and preparation method thereof
CN107232409A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-10-10 合肥合丰牧业有限公司 A kind of high-quality meat sheep feed

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CN103229896A (en) * 2013-03-29 2013-08-07 蚌埠大成食品有限公司 Mutton sheep forage and preparation method thereof
CN104222628A (en) * 2014-08-26 2014-12-24 陈文文 Composite Chinese herb medicine feed additive
CN105325710A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-02-17 陈琳 Goat feed and preparation method thereof
CN107232409A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-10-10 合肥合丰牧业有限公司 A kind of high-quality meat sheep feed

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108740330A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-11-06 广西山水牛畜牧业有限责任公司 A kind of functional feed and preparation method thereof rich in jujube

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