CN107969188A - A kind of salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa plants raw structure and planting and establishing method - Google Patents

A kind of salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa plants raw structure and planting and establishing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107969188A
CN107969188A CN201711282820.4A CN201711282820A CN107969188A CN 107969188 A CN107969188 A CN 107969188A CN 201711282820 A CN201711282820 A CN 201711282820A CN 107969188 A CN107969188 A CN 107969188A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
salt
side slope
irrigation canals
soda soil
planting
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Pending
Application number
CN201711282820.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈为峰
李贤红
陈思萌
姜慧新
宋希亮
罗延峰
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201711282820.4A priority Critical patent/CN107969188A/en
Publication of CN107969188A publication Critical patent/CN107969188A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa to plant raw structure, including the tape planting being fixed in salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope (7), the tape planting is followed successively by upper strata non-woven fabrics (5) from top to bottom, composite bed and bottom non-woven fabrics (1), the composite bed is to pass through the compound fertilizer of adhesive (2), water-retaining agent (3), saline-alkali tolerant grass seeds (4) and Straw manures addition host material (8), the upper strata non-woven fabrics (5), composite bed and bottom non-woven fabrics (1) are sutured by acupuncture line (9), also disclose the planting and establishing method that salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa plants raw structure;The present invention can realize the herbosa planting of salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope using 12 supplemental irrigations or natural precipitation water resource in the short time, effectively prevent erosion, improve saline and alkaline farmland ecological environment;It is easy to operate at the same time, it is of low cost, large-scale industrial production can be carried out, is the optimal selection of the quick planting of salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope.

Description

A kind of salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa plants raw structure and planting and establishing method
Technical field
The invention belongs to ecology of alkali saline land protection technology field, more particularly to a kind of salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa to plant Raw structure and planting and establishing method.
Background technology
There are 3000km coastlines in Shandong within the border, predominantly alluvial plain of Huanghe.The area is in the majority with fine grained soil, and soil body pine Dissipate, easily being invaded stain and tide invasion by seawater plus coastal region is influenced, and salt accumulation in soil is more obvious.The particularly Huanghe delta Area, is the most abundant area of China's reserved resources, have in following 10 years more than 200 ten thousand mu do not have using salt-soda soil it is to be developed.It is saline and alkaline In ground exploitation, ditch canal irrigation row's engineering measure is basic engineering.Delta Region of The Yellow River soil property is soft, and concreteness is poor, and irrigation canals and ditches The side slope herbosa clear-cutting forestland time is slow, at least needs the time of 5-6, during which irrigation canals and ditches side slope is in Rainfall simulator erosion and freeze thawing Under effect, easily cave in, therefore irrigation canals and ditches cave in always influences the key factor that persistently plays of land development projects benefit, draining Irrigation canals and ditches slope failure prevention and restoration of the ecosystem are always the great difficult problem in the Yellow River middle and lower reaches region of no relief salt marsh land development and utilization.
At present, bulkhead tech be mainly the following including:Mortar flag stone skeleton grass planting bank protection, geotechnical grid grass planting shield Slope, Planting Grass bank protection, tiling grassed slope, hydraulic sprinkle grass planting bank protection, soil moved in improve the original plant growing protection slope, tape planting bank protection.Traditional Slope tr eatment, bank protection is carried out frequently with engineering measure, but project post-evaluation landscape, environment and ecology can be caused it is serious negative Influence, the low return of high cost;Ecological draft slope vegetation protection has the sustainability of bigger.Wherein tape planting bank protection cost is minimum, Ecological benefits are best.And substantial amounts of research shows that plant influences the stabilization of side slope surface and the soil body in a manner of notable and is important.
The common bank protection tape planting in market at present, is mostly the tape planting of non-saline-alkali environment plantation, planting cost is higher, growth Cycle is longer, it is impossible to is resistant to saline and alkaline environment.But saline-alkali soil area, soil salinity is high, and soil depletion, freshwater resources lack Weary, common bank protection tape planting faces huge challenge.
The content of the invention
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa plants raw structure and planting Method, in order to can be in the quick planting of salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope, environment that can be drought-resistant, saline and alkaline can improve side slope It is saline and alkaline, conserve water and soil.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions, and one aspect of the present invention provides a kind of salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope draft Vegetation plants raw structure, including the tape planting being fixed in the irrigation canals and ditches side slope of salt-soda soil, the tape planting are followed successively by upper strata from top to bottom Non-woven fabrics, composite bed and bottom non-woven fabrics, the composite bed are to pass through the compound fertilizer of adhesive, water-retaining agent, saline-alkali tolerant grass seeds Host material is added with Straw manures, the upper strata non-woven fabrics, composite bed and bottom non-woven fabrics are closed by acupuncture linear slit.
Preferably, the tape planting is fixed in the irrigation canals and ditches side slope of salt-soda soil by U-shaped nail.
Preferably, described adhesive selects polyacrylamide, binder dosage is determined as 10g/m2.Invention is selected viscous Mixture, can promote the good crumb structure of Zinc fractions, form antiscour, the carrier of antiseep.Above-mentioned binder dosage can be Under conditions of ensureing bonding effect, cost optimization.
Preferably, the fertilizer is controlled-release compound fertilizer, Controlled Release Fertilizer composite fertilizer's consumption is 30g/m2.Select Controlled Release Fertilizer can be with The default release mode of setting, makes fertilizer nutrient release rule consistent with crop nutrition content absorption, single fertilization meets that grass seeds is whole The needs of a Growing season.
Preferably, the water-retaining agent selection polyacrylate and polyacrylamide amine copolymer, water-retaining agent dosage are determined as 15g/m2.The water-retaining agent that the present invention selects can absorb water rapidly, while improve soil texture.Above-mentioned water-retaining agent dosage can ensure Under conditions of Water-saving effect, cost is reduced.
Preferably, the saline-alkali tolerant grass seeds amount of broadcasting consider process loss and salt-soda soil fresh water lack Environment, using what is handled through gibberellin:Alta fascue 15g/m2, lyme grass 18g/m2, alkali thatch 9g/m2.The grass that the present invention is screened Kind has preferable salt tolerance, this proportioning ensures the richness of bank protection tape planting.
Preferably, decomposed wheat or maize straw are passed through in stalk selection in the Straw manures addition host material Decomposed animal waste organic fertilizer is passed through in (2-3cm), organic fertilizer selection;Stalk dosage is 71g/m2, Rate of Organic Fertilizer 400g/ m2.The stalk, organic fertilizer have water conservation, fertilizer conservation effect.
The bottom non-woven fabrics and upper strata non-woven fabrics selection are green, degradation material.Green non-woven fabrics can be in planting Initial stage and non-growing period play landscaping effect, and degradable nonwoven fabrics will not damage environment.
A kind of planting and establishing method of the raw structure of salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa plant of another aspect of the present invention offer, including with Lower step:
1) fertilizer, water-retaining agent, saline-alkali tolerant grass seeds and Straw manures addition host material are compound in the bottom of by by adhesive Between layer non-woven fabrics and upper strata non-woven fabrics, sutured using acupuncture line, tape planting is made;
2) sodded in rainy season, remove debris, smooth slope surface, by tape planting nature, is smoothly layered on salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches In side slope, fixed with U-shaped nail.
Preferably, when sodding, tape planting and the junction of tape planting need to have that 2-3cm's is overlapping.
Preferably, the saline-alkali tolerant grass seeds needs gibberellin seed soaking, the saline-alkali tolerant grass seeds needs are in concentration The gibberellin immersion 24h of 20mg/L.Gibberellin processing can improve the salt tolerance of seed, and 20mg/L gibberellin is proved by testing Concentration salt tolerant best results.
Acupuncture line options 5mm is degradable while has the package line of certain toughness, has certain toughness, while will not produce Pollution, non-woven fabrics, i.e., is stitched into the square of 30cm*30cm by needling density 30cm*30cm by needlework, artificial through simulating Rain test, planting effect is optimal, is resistant to certain rainwash.The U-shaped nail used when sodding is the commercially available gold in market Belong to iron wire, diameter is advisable with 3mm, and U-shaped nail length, width 5cm are advisable, and are adjusted according to actual tape planting area and the gradient It is whole.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:
(1) the technology of the present invention can realize the herbosa planting of salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope in the short time, effectively prevent water and soil It is lost in, improves ecology of alkali saline land environment.
(2) present invention is easy to operate, of low cost, can carry out large-scale industrial production, be salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope The optimal selection of quick planting.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing There is attached drawing needed in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only this Some embodiments of invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, can be with Other attached drawings are obtained according to these attached drawings.
Fig. 1 plants raw structure diagram for the present invention;
Fig. 2 is tape planting acupuncture layout of the present invention;
In figure, 1, bottom non-woven fabrics, 2, fertilizer, 3, water-retaining agent, 4, saline-alkali tolerant grass seeds, 5, upper strata non-woven fabrics, 6, U-shaped nail, 7th, salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope, 8, Straw manures addition host material, 9, acupuncture line.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, with reference to embodiments, to the present invention It is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, it is not used to Limit the present invention.
The application principle of the present invention is further described with reference to specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1, such as Fig. 1-2, a kind of salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa plants raw structure, including is fixed on saline and alkaline trench Tape planting in canal side slope 7, the tape planting are followed successively by upper strata non-woven fabrics 5, composite bed and bottom non-woven fabrics 1, institute from top to bottom It is to add host material 8 by the compound fertilizer 2 of adhesive, water-retaining agent 3, saline-alkali tolerant grass seeds 4 and Straw manures to state composite bed, The upper strata non-woven fabrics 5, composite bed and bottom non-woven fabrics 1 are sutured by acupuncture line 9.
The tape planting is fixed in salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope 7 by U-shaped nail 6.
Described adhesive selects polyacrylamide, and binder dosage is determined as 10g/m2.The adhesive selected is invented, can be promoted Make the crumb structure that Zinc fractions are good, form antiscour, the carrier of antiseep.Above-mentioned binder dosage can ensure bonding effect Under conditions of fruit, cost optimization.
The fertilizer 2 is controlled-release compound fertilizer, and Controlled Release Fertilizer composite fertilizer's consumption is 30g/m2.Controlled Release Fertilizer is selected to set default Release mode, makes fertilizer nutrient release rule consistent with crop nutrition content absorption, single fertilization meets the whole Growing season of grass seeds Needs.
The water-retaining agent 3 selects polyacrylate and polyacrylamide amine copolymer, 3 dosage of water-retaining agent to be determined as 15g/m2。 The water-retaining agent that the present invention selects can absorb water rapidly, while improve soil texture.Above-mentioned water-retaining agent dosage can ensure water conservation effect Under conditions of fruit, cost is reduced.
The environment that 4 amount of broadcasting of saline-alkali tolerant grass seeds considers the loss of process and salt-soda soil fresh water lacks, is adopted With what is handled through gibberellin:Alta fascue 15g/m2, lyme grass 18g/m2, alkali thatch 9g/m2.The grass seeds that the present invention is screened has Preferable salt tolerance, this proportioning ensure the richness of bank protection tape planting.
Decomposed wheat or maize straw 2-3cm are passed through in stalk selection in the Straw manures addition host material 8, have Decomposed animal waste organic fertilizer is passed through in machine fertilizer selection;Stalk dosage is 71g/m2, Rate of Organic Fertilizer 400g/m2.The straw Stalk, organic fertilizer have water conservation, fertilizer conservation effect.
5 selection of the bottom non-woven fabrics 1 and upper strata non-woven fabrics is green, degradation material.Green non-woven fabrics can built Plant initial stage and non-growing period play landscaping effect, and degradable nonwoven fabrics will not damage environment.
A kind of salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa plants the planting and establishing method of raw structure, comprises the following steps:
1) it is by adhesive that fertilizer 2, water-retaining agent 3, saline-alkali tolerant grass seeds 4 and Straw manures addition host material 8 is compound Between bottom non-woven fabrics 1 and upper strata non-woven fabrics 5, sutured using acupuncture line 9, tape planting is made;
2) sodded in rainy season, broken face debris is removed before planting, smooth slope surface, by tape planting nature, is smoothly layered on In the irrigation canals and ditches side slope of salt-soda soil;Tape planting and the junction of tape planting have that 2-3cm's is overlapping, avoid caused by the gradient and gravity Soil erosion;Tape planting interval 30cm is fixed with U-shaped nail 8, and tape planting is rolled after laying.
The saline-alkali tolerant grass seeds 4 needs gibberellin seed soaking, and it is 20mg/L's that the saline-alkali tolerant grass seeds 4, which is needed in concentration, Gibberellin soaks 24h.Gibberellin processing can improve the salt tolerance of seed, and 20mg/L gibberellin concentration salt tolerants are proved by testing Best results.
Acupuncture line 9 selects 5mm degradable while has the package line of certain toughness, has certain toughness, while will not produce Life is polluted, needling density 30cm*30cm, i.e., non-woven fabrics is stitched into the square of 30cm*30cm by needlework, through simulating people Work rain test, planting effect is optimal, is resistant to certain rainwash.
The U-shaped nail 6 used when sodding is the commercially available metal iron wire in market, and diameter is advisable with 3mm, 6 length of U-shaped nail, width 5cm is advisable, and is adjusted according to actual tape planting area and the gradient.
Certainly, described above is also not limited to the example above, the technical characteristic of the invention without description can by or Realized using the prior art, details are not described herein;Above example and attached drawing are merely to illustrate technical scheme It is limitation of the present invention, the present invention is described in detail with reference to preferred embodiment, the ordinary skill people of this area Member is it should be appreciated that change, remodeling, the addition that those skilled in the art are made in the essential scope of the present invention Or replace the claims that without departure from spirit of the invention, should also belong to the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa plants raw structure, it is characterised in that:Including being fixed on salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope (7) tape planting on, the tape planting are followed successively by upper strata non-woven fabrics (5), composite bed and bottom non-woven fabrics (1), institute from top to bottom It is to add matrix by the compound fertilizer of adhesive (2), water-retaining agent (3), saline-alkali tolerant grass seeds (4) and Straw manures to state composite bed Material (8), the upper strata non-woven fabrics (5), composite bed and bottom non-woven fabrics (1) are sutured by acupuncture line (9).
2. salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa according to claim 1 plants raw structure, it is characterised in that:The tape planting It is fixed on by U-shaped nail (6) in salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope (7).
3. salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa according to claim 1 plants raw structure, it is characterised in that:Described adhesive Polyacrylamide is selected, binder dosage is determined as 10g/m2
4. salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa according to claim 1 plants raw structure, it is characterised in that:The fertilizer (2) it is controlled-release compound fertilizer, Controlled Release Fertilizer composite fertilizer's consumption is 30g/m2
5. salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa according to claim 1 plants raw structure, it is characterised in that:The water-retaining agent (3) polyacrylate and polyacrylamide amine copolymer, water-retaining agent (3) dosage is selected to be determined as 15g/m2
6. salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa according to claim 1 plants raw structure, it is characterised in that:The saline-alkali tolerant Grass seeds (4) is using through gibberellin processing:Alta fascue 15g/m2, lyme grass 18g/m2, alkali thatch 9g/m2
7. salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa according to claim 1 plants raw structure, it is characterised in that:The stalk has Decomposed wheat or maize straw are passed through in stalk selection in machine fertilizer addition host material (8), and decomposed family is passed through in organic fertilizer selection Raise dejection organic fertilizer;Stalk dosage is 71g/m2, Rate of Organic Fertilizer 400g/m2
A kind of 8. planting side that raw structure is planted according to claim 1~7 any one of them salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa Method, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
1) fertilizer (2), water-retaining agent (3), saline-alkali tolerant grass seeds (4) and Straw manures are added by host material (8) by adhesive It is compound between bottom non-woven fabrics (1) and upper strata non-woven fabrics (5), is sutured using acupuncture line (9), tape planting is made;
2) sodded in rainy season, remove debris, smooth slope surface, by tape planting nature, is smoothly layered on salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope On, it is fixed with U-shaped nail (6).
9. salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa according to claim 8 plants the planting and establishing method of raw structure, it is characterised in that: When sodding, tape planting and the junction of tape planting need to have that 2-3cm's is overlapping.
10. salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa according to claim 8 plants the planting and establishing method of raw structure, its feature exists In:The saline-alkali tolerant grass seeds (4) soaks 24h in the gibberellin that concentration is 20mg/L.
CN201711282820.4A 2017-12-07 2017-12-07 A kind of salt-soda soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope herbosa plants raw structure and planting and establishing method Pending CN107969188A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113330995A (en) * 2021-06-08 2021-09-03 北京市园林科学研究院 Method for planting Yuxue carex latissimus greenbelt
CN114402954A (en) * 2022-01-14 2022-04-29 深圳大学 Slope protection vegetation and manufacturing method thereof

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2750921Y (en) * 2004-12-29 2006-01-11 北京林枫园林绿化工程有限公司 Ecologic vegetation blanket
CN202603172U (en) * 2012-06-26 2012-12-19 重庆大学 Side slope afforestation plant growing blanket
CN103340114A (en) * 2013-07-15 2013-10-09 新疆大学 Multilayer plant-cultivating bag made of linen

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2750921Y (en) * 2004-12-29 2006-01-11 北京林枫园林绿化工程有限公司 Ecologic vegetation blanket
CN202603172U (en) * 2012-06-26 2012-12-19 重庆大学 Side slope afforestation plant growing blanket
CN103340114A (en) * 2013-07-15 2013-10-09 新疆大学 Multilayer plant-cultivating bag made of linen

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113330995A (en) * 2021-06-08 2021-09-03 北京市园林科学研究院 Method for planting Yuxue carex latissimus greenbelt
CN114402954A (en) * 2022-01-14 2022-04-29 深圳大学 Slope protection vegetation and manufacturing method thereof

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