CN107965178B - A kind of solar recharging stake - Google Patents

A kind of solar recharging stake Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107965178B
CN107965178B CN201711093398.8A CN201711093398A CN107965178B CN 107965178 B CN107965178 B CN 107965178B CN 201711093398 A CN201711093398 A CN 201711093398A CN 107965178 B CN107965178 B CN 107965178B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sunshade
litter
spinning
prop
layer
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CN201711093398.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107965178A (en
Inventor
景悦林
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威海职业学院
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Priority to CN201711093398.8A priority Critical patent/CN107965178B/en
Publication of CN107965178A publication Critical patent/CN107965178A/en
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Publication of CN107965178B publication Critical patent/CN107965178B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/02Small garages, e.g. for one or two cars
    • E04H6/04Small garages, e.g. for one or two cars wheeled, hinged, foldable, telescopic, swinging or otherwise movable
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • B60L53/31Charging columns specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/50Charging stations characterised by energy-storage or power-generation means
    • B60L53/51Photovoltaic means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B82NANOTECHNOLOGY
    • B82YSPECIFIC USES OR APPLICATIONS OF NANOSTRUCTURES; MEASUREMENT OR ANALYSIS OF NANOSTRUCTURES; MANUFACTURE OR TREATMENT OF NANOSTRUCTURES
    • B82Y30/00Nanotechnology for materials or surface science, e.g. nanocomposites
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B82NANOTECHNOLOGY
    • B82YSPECIFIC USES OR APPLICATIONS OF NANOSTRUCTURES; MEASUREMENT OR ANALYSIS OF NANOSTRUCTURES; MANUFACTURE OR TREATMENT OF NANOSTRUCTURES
    • B82Y40/00Manufacture or treatment of nanostructures
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L51/00Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof
    • H01L51/42Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof specially adapted for sensing infra-red radiation, light, electro-magnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other material as the active part; Multistep processes for their manufacture
    • H01L51/4253Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof specially adapted for sensing infra-red radiation, light, electro-magnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other material as the active part; Multistep processes for their manufacture comprising bulk hetero-junctions, e.g. interpenetrating networks
    • H01L51/426Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof specially adapted for sensing infra-red radiation, light, electro-magnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other material as the active part; Multistep processes for their manufacture comprising bulk hetero-junctions, e.g. interpenetrating networks comprising inorganic nanostructures, e.g. CdSe nanoparticles
    • H01L51/4266Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof specially adapted for sensing infra-red radiation, light, electro-magnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other material as the active part; Multistep processes for their manufacture comprising bulk hetero-junctions, e.g. interpenetrating networks comprising inorganic nanostructures, e.g. CdSe nanoparticles the inorganic nanostructures being nanotubes or nanowires, e.g. CdTe nanotubes in P3HT
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/549Organic PV cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of solar recharging stakes, bicycle shed and charging pile body including being provided with solar panel, bicycle shed includes the sunshade body and bicycle shed bracket of organ folded structure, each tabs upper surface of sunshade body is mounted on solar panel, the bicycle shed bracket includes the preceding litter and rear litter of horizontally-parallel setting, the right-hand end of the sunshade body is fixedly connected by connecting plate A with preceding litter and rear litter, before upper folding rib between two tabs of sunshade body, back edge is mounted on connection ring, before the right-hand end of sunshade body, back edge is also equipped with connection ring, the connection on front side of sunshade body is installed on to be located on advancing slip pole, the connection on rear side of sunshade body is installed on to be located on rear litter, connection ring can be slided on the preceding litter or rear litter where it.The solar recharging stake can improve the sorption enhanced efficiency of luminous energy according to sunniness direction flexibly adjustment angle of solar cell panel, reinforce the power supply capacity of solar recharging stake.

Description

A kind of solar recharging stake

Technical field

The invention belongs to photovoltaic charging fields, and in particular to a kind of solar recharging stake.

Background technique

Electric car refers to using vehicle power supply as power, with motor driven wheels travel, meets road traffic, security legislation The vehicle of requirements.The exhaust gas that electric car generates when working without internal-combustion engines vehicle, does not generate exhaust pollution, to environmental protection Cleaning with air be it is highly beneficial, almost " no pollution ".Electric car studies have shown that its energy efficiency has been more than vapour Gasoline automobile.Especially in city operations, automobile loiters, and travel speed is not high, and electric car is more suitable for.Electric car Electricity is not consumed when stopping, in braking process, motor can be automatically converted to generator, and energy is again when realizing braking deceleration It utilizes.Currently, the positive accelerated development of China's new-energy automobile industry, and the deficiency of downstream charging pile quantity then become and restrict it The main bottleneck of development.The function of charging pile is similar to the fuel charger inside gas station, can be fixed on ground or wall, installs It, can be according to difference in public building (public building, market, Public Parking etc.) and residential area parking lot or charging station Voltage class be various models electric car charge.Currently used charging pile uses cable power transmission completely, using the sun Power supply more energy conservation and environmental protection of the energy battery as charging pile, and do not limited by cable run, also can under power failure Enough normal uses.But the solar battery Board position for being used to absorb solar energy and angle of existing solar recharging stake are more For fixed setting, and the irradiating angle of sunlight can change over time in one day, the solar panel of fixed angle without The sufficient sorption enhanced solar energy of method, electric energy collection efficiency are low.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is providing a kind of solar recharging stake, which has bicycle shed, More convenient storage automobile, and the adjustable angle of the solar panel of the charging pile, can be flexible according to sunniness direction Adjustment angle of solar cell panel, improve the sorption enhanced efficiency of luminous energy, reinforce the power supply capacity of solar recharging stake.

To achieve the goals above, the present invention provides a kind of solar recharging stakes, including are provided with solar panel Bicycle shed and charging pile body, the bicycle shed includes sunshade body and bicycle shed bracket, and the sunshade body is by multiple squares The telescopic organ folded structure of shape tabs composition, each tabs upper surface is mounted on solar panel, the bicycle shed Bracket includes the preceding litter and rear litter of horizontally-parallel setting, and the left and right end of preceding litter is separately connected be vertically arranged first The top of front standing pillar and the second front standing pillar, the left and right end of rear litter are separately connected the first back prop and second being vertically arranged The right-hand end at the top of back prop, the sunshade body is fixedly connected by connecting plate A with preceding litter and rear litter, described Connecting plate A is arranged close to the right part of preceding litter and rear litter, and the forward and backward edge of the upper folding rib between two tabs of sunshade body is equal Connection ring is installed, the forward and backward edge of the right-hand end of sunshade body is also equipped with connection ring, the connection being installed on front side of sunshade body Before being located on litter, it is installed on the connection on rear side of sunshade body and is located on rear litter, the connection ring can be where it Preceding litter or rear litter on slide.

Solar recharging stake converts light energy into electric energy by solar panel, and solar panel connects control circuit To be set to the intrinsic battery charging of charging pile, as the power supply of charging pile, solar recharging stake of the invention is set It is equipped with bicycle shed, can be keeped out wind and rain for the automobile in charging, more convenient storage automobile, and the solar battery for the pile body that charges Plate is arranged on the tabs of sunshade body, and sunshade body is telescopic organ folded structure, and two on two adjacent tabs Solar panel is in the shape of the letter V arrangement, the angle of the solar panel on the adjustable sunshade body tabs of extendible awning body Degree is to adapt to the angle of sunlight, so that sunlight is enable more sufficiently to be radiated on the solar panel of V-shaped side, and by The solar panel of light direct irradiation and its opposite side that the side solar panel reflects absorbs, and reflection is inhaled repeatedly Receive, can more fully absorb solar energy, improve the sorption enhanced efficiency of luminous energy, reinforce solar recharging stake for electric energy Power.

Further, the left-hand end of the sunshade body extends downward with connecting plate B, and the connecting plate B is logical It crosses shaft and is connected and fixed bar, the fixed link can be in the rotation in surface where the first back prop and with the second back prop, institute Vertical array is provided with multiple jacks on the first back prop stated, and the free end of the fixed link can be inserted into jack.

Bar is connected and fixed by shaft on the connecting plate B being arranged on the left of sunshade body, can be pulled below sunshade body Fixed link makes fixed link that sunshade body be driven to move, the stroke of adjustment sunshade body, on more convenient adjustment sunshade body too It is positive can angle on solar panel, adjust behind the position of sunshade body and inserting on the first back prop be inserted into the free end of fixed link Kong Zhong can be such that the position of fixed link and angle fixes, so that fixation is that the position of sunshade body and angle are fixed, in wind and rain day The middle angle stabilization for keeping solar panel on sunshade body, fully ensures that the absorption of solar energy.

Further, the fixed link is the telescopic rod with spring catch, and the free end of the fixed link is equipped with Plug, the plug can be inserted into jack, be provided with anti-skid structure on the surface of plug and jack contact.

Fixed link is set as the telescopic rod with spring catch, can adjust the length of fixed link according to the needs of use, more just Just it uses, and anti-skid structure is set on plug, the frictional force of plug and jack can be enhanced, so that the company between fixed link and jack Connect more firm, the position of better fixed fixed link and sunshade body.

Further, the solar recharging stake further includes cleaning mechanism, and the cleaning mechanism includes water supply mechanism And water spraying mechanism, the water supply mechanism include water tank and water pump, the water supply mechanism connects water spraying mechanism, institute by hose The water spraying mechanism stated includes water-supply-pipe, and the water-supply-pipe is rear litter, and the rear litter is closed at one end, other end setting There is water inlet, the water inlet connects the hose of water supply mechanism, uniformly gathered before being provided with direction just on the rear litter The water jet of side.

Cleaning mechanism setting so that cleaning sunshade body and sunshade body on solar panel it is more convenient, supply water Mechanism sprays spray towards the water jet that front is arranged from rear litter by hose litter supply cleaning solution (water) backward, cleaning solution It is mapped on the sunshade body in front of rear litter, cleans sunshade body and solar panel, the use of more convenient charging pile.

Further, the bottom of first back prop and the second back prop is provided with straight line driving mechanism, described Straight line driving mechanism can raise the height of the first back prop and the second back prop, and the cleaning mechanism is additionally provided with sewage recycling Mechanism, the sewage recovering mechanism includes sink, before the sink is fixedly mounted on the first front standing pillar and the second front standing pillar Side, the sink are set to the lower section of sunshade body, and the bottom of gullet is provided with discharge outlet, and the discharge outlet passes through Drainpipe connects foul water tank, is provided with the water outlet with lid in the foul water tank.

The straight line driving mechanism being arranged below first back prop and the second back prop can raise the first back prop and second Back prop, so that sunshade body rolls forward tiltedly, during cleaning, cleaned screening so that the rear side of sunshade body be made to tilt The cleaning solution of positive canopy body flows into sink along the groove of sunshade body organ folded structure, connected from the discharge outlet of bottom of gullet Drainpipe is discharged into foul water tank, facilitates collection sewage, and more convenient cleaning uses.

Further, the straight line driving mechanism is the first back prop and the second respectively arranged push rod in back prop bottom Motor, the push-rod electric machine are fixed on ground, and the push rod of push-rod electric machine is vertically arranged, and the top of push rod is respectively and above it The first back prop, the second back prop is connected.

Further, the bottom of the sink is set as to concavity curved bottom, and the discharge outlet is set to Bottom of gullet center.

Bottom of gullet be set as making to concavity curved bottom the silt in the water and sewage in sink be easier to Bottom of gullet center is gathered, and is discharged from the discharge outlet of sink, is not easy to remain the dirts such as silt in bottom of gullet.

Further, the solar panel is thin-film solar cell panel, the solar panel adherency In on the tabs of sunshade body.

Thin-film solar cell panel quality is frivolous, is set to the matter that can reduce sunshade body on the tabs of sunshade body Amount facilitates extendible awning body, adjusts the angles and positions of the solar panel on canopy body, more convenient to use.

Further, the structure of the solar panel includes transparent conductive substrate layer, electron transfer layer, light absorption Layer, hole transmission layer and electrode;The transparent conductive substrate layer is ITO electro-conductive glass, and the electron transfer layer is TiO2 Compacted zone, the light absorbing layer are electrospinning composite nanofiber membrane, and the electrospinning composite nanofiber membrane is by Static Spinning Perovskite/graphene oxide/polycaprolactone composite nanometer fiber membrane made from silk method, the hole transmission layer are by Static Spinning P3HT nano fibrous membrane made from silk method.

The light absorbing layer of solar panel used in the present invention is the perovskite as made from method of electrostatic spinning/oxidation stone Black alkene/polycaprolactone composite nanometer fiber membrane, compared to the light absorbing layer of simple this composite material of perovskite light absorbing layer In be doped with graphene the electric conductivity of material enhanced, be more conducive to the transmission of electronics, improve the conversion ratio of luminous energy, together When polycaprolactone addition but also the material is more easier to process, the light absorbing layer of nanostructure has biggish specific surface Product, tool mutually interspersed on the contact surface with the hole transmission layer of the same P3HT nano fibrous membrane as made from method of electrostatic spinning There are more contact sites, contact is even closer, is more conducive to the transmission of conducting particles, is conducive to improve solar battery Incident photon-to-electron conversion efficiency.

Further, the solar panel preparation method the following steps are included:

1) the ITO electro-conductive glass of appropriate size is cut as transparent conductive substrate layer, is steamed in transparent conductive substrate layer surface Plate the TiO that a layer thickness is 200nm2Compacted zone is as electron transfer layer;

2) ultrasonic graphene oxide dispersion in n,N-Dimethylformamide is added in graphene oxide powder, it is described The content of graphene oxide powder is 4wt% in graphene oxide dispersion, is added and gathers in oneself into graphene oxide dispersion Ester stirs evenly to obtain solution A, and the content of polycaprolactone is 22wt% in solution A, N will be added in methylpyridinium iodide ammonium and lead chloride, Clear solution B is uniformly mixing to obtain in dinethylformamide solution, methylpyridinium iodide ammonium and lead chloride in the solution B Molar ratio is 1:1, and the total content of methylpyridinium iodide ammonium and lead chloride in solution B is 30wt%, by solution A and solution B according to Spinning precursor liquid is mixed evenly to obtain in the ratio of mass ratio 1:1;

3) the resulting spinning precursor liquid of step 2) is added in the storing liquid mechanism of electrostatic spinning apparatus, with electrostatic spinning Method electron transfer layer (32) surface obtained one layer of perovskite/graphene oxide/polycaprolactone of electrospinning in step 1) is compound Nano fibrous membrane is as light absorbing layer (33), the spinning parameter of electrostatic spinning process are as follows: spinning voltage 12kV, spinning distance 8cm, Spinning time 20min;

4) P3HT is dissolved in chloroform and is configured to spinning precursor liquid C, the content of P3HT is in the spinning precursor liquid C 12wt% spinning precursor liquid C is added in the storing liquid mechanism of electrostatic spinning apparatus, with the method for electrostatic spinning in step 3) Light absorbing layer (33) surface one layer of P3HT nano fibrous membrane of electrospinning obtained as hole transmission layer (34), electrostatic spinning process Spinning parameter are as follows: spinning voltage 15kV, spinning distance 10cm, spinning time 30min;

5) one layer of gold thin film is deposited respectively in hole transmission layer (34) and transparent conductive substrate layer (31) with plasma sputtering As electrode (35) to get solar panel (11).

The beneficial effects of the present invention are: the solar recharging stake has vehicle the present invention provides a kind of solar recharging stake Canopy, more convenient storage automobile, and the adjustable angle of the solar panel of the charging pile, can be according to sunniness direction spirit Adjustment angle of solar cell panel living improves the sorption enhanced efficiency of luminous energy, reinforces the power supply capacity of solar recharging stake.Tool For body:

(1) the solar recharging stake is provided with bicycle shed, can keep out wind and rain for the automobile in charging, more convenient storage vapour Vehicle, and the solar panel for the pile body that charges is arranged on the tabs of sunshade body, sunshade body is telescopic organ folding Structure, two solar panels on two adjacent tabs are in the shape of the letter V arrangement, the adjustable sunshade of extendible awning body The angle of solar panel on body tabs is to adapt to the angle of sunlight, so that sunlight be enable more sufficiently to be radiated at V word On the solar panel of shape side, and the sun of the light direct irradiation and its opposite side reflected by the side solar panel Energy solar panel absorbs, and can more fully absorb solar energy, improves the sorption enhanced efficiency of luminous energy, reinforces solar recharging stake Power supply capacity.

(2) in preferred embodiment, bar is connected and fixed by shaft on the connecting plate B of setting on the left of sunshade body, can hidden Fixed link is pulled below positive canopy body, so that fixed link is driven the movement of sunshade body, is adjusted the stroke of sunshade body, more convenient tune Angle on whole sunshade body on solar panel is adjusted the free end insertion of fixed link the behind the position of sunshade body In jack on one back prop, the position of fixed link and angle can be made to fix, so that fixation is the position and angle of sunshade body Degree is fixed, and the angle stabilization of solar panel on sunshade body is kept in wind and rain day, fully ensures that the absorption of solar energy.Gu Fixed pole is set as the telescopic rod with spring catch, can adjust the length of fixed link according to the needs of use, more convenient to use, and inserts Anti-skid structure is arranged on head can be enhanced the frictional force of plug and jack, so that the connection between fixed link and jack is more firm, The preferably position of fixed fixed link and sunshade body.

(3) in preferred embodiment, the setting of cleaning mechanism is so that clean the solar battery on sunshade body and sunshade body Plate is more convenient, and by hose, litter supply cleaning solution (water), cleaning solution are set from rear litter towards front water supply mechanism backward The water jet set is ejected on the sunshade body in front of rear litter, cleans sunshade body and solar panel, more just Just the use of charging pile.The straight line driving mechanism being arranged below first back prop and the second back prop can raise the first back prop With the second back prop, to make the rear side of sunshade body tilt, so that sunshade body rolls forward tiltedly, during cleaning, clearly The cleaning solution for washing sunshade body flows into sink along the groove of sunshade body organ folded structure, from the discharge outlet of bottom of gullet Connected drainpipe is discharged into foul water tank, facilitates collection sewage, and more convenient cleaning uses.

(4) in preferred embodiment, the light absorbing layer of solar panel used in the present invention is to be made by method of electrostatic spinning Perovskite/graphene oxide/polycaprolactone composite nanometer fiber membrane, it is this compound compared to simple perovskite light absorbing layer Graphene is doped in the light absorbing layer of material enhances the electric conductivity of material, is more conducive to the transmission of electronics, improves The conversion ratio of luminous energy, while the addition of polycaprolactone, but also the material is more easier to process, the light absorbing layer of nanostructure has There is biggish specific surface area, the hole transmission layer with the same P3HT nano fibrous membrane as made from method of electrostatic spinning is in contact surface It is upper mutual interspersed, there are more contact sites, contact is even closer, is more conducive to the transmission of conducting particles, is conducive to mention The incident photon-to-electron conversion efficiency of high solar battery.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of solar recharging stake of the invention;

Fig. 2 is the effect structure schematic diagram of the cleaning state of solar recharging stake of the invention;

Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing in the portion A in Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of sunshade body of the invention;

Fig. 5 is the structural scheme of mechanism of sink of the invention;

Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of solar panel of the invention;

In figure: 1- charges pile body, 2- bicycle shed, the first front standing pillar of 3-, the second front standing pillar of 4-, the second back prop of 5-, 6- the One back prop, litter before 7-, litter after 8-, 9- sunshade body, 10- tabs, 11- solar panel, 12- connecting plate A, 13- Connection ring, 14- connecting plate B, 15- fixed link, 16- plug, 17- jack, 18- push rod, 19- push-rod electric machine, 20- water supply mechanism, 21- hose, 22- water inlet, 23- water jet, 24- sink, 25- drainpipe, 26- foul water tank, 27- water outlet roll over rib on 28-, 29- shaft, 30- discharge outlet, 31- transparent conductive substrate layer, 32- electron transfer layer, 33- light absorbing layer, 34- hole transmission layer, 35- electrode.

Specific embodiment

In order to clarify the technical characteristics of the invention, below by a specific embodiment, and its attached drawing is combined, it is right This programme is illustrated.

As shown in Figures 1 to 6, a kind of solar recharging stake, bicycle shed 2 and charging pile including being provided with solar panel 11 Ontology 1, the bicycle shed 2 include sunshade body 9 and bicycle shed bracket, and the sunshade body 9 is by 10 groups of multiple rectangle tabs At telescopic organ folded structure, each 10 upper surface of tabs is mounted on solar panel 11, the bicycle shed bracket Preceding litter 7 and rear litter 8 including horizontally-parallel setting, before the left and right end of preceding litter 7 is separately connected first be vertically arranged The top of pillar 3 and the second front standing pillar 4, the left and right end of rear litter 8 are separately connected the first back prop 6 being vertically arranged and The right-hand end at the top of two back props 5, the sunshade body 9 connects by the way that connecting plate A12 and preceding litter 7 and rear litter 8 are fixed It connects, the connecting plate A12 is arranged close to the right part of preceding litter 7 and rear litter 8, upper between two tabs 10 of sunshade body 9 The forward and backward edge of folding rib 28 is mounted on connection ring 13, and the forward and backward edge of the right-hand end of sunshade body 9 is also equipped with connection ring 13, The connection ring 13 for being installed on 9 front side of sunshade body is placed on preceding litter 7, and the connection ring 13 for being installed on 9 rear side of sunshade body is placed on Afterwards on litter 8.

Specifically, the left-hand end of the sunshade body 9 extends downward with connecting plate B14, the connecting plate B14 is connected and fixed bar 15 by shaft 29, and the fixed link 15 can be where the first back prop 6 and with the second back prop 5 Rotation in surface, vertical array is provided with multiple jacks 17, the free end of the fixed link 15 on first back prop 6 It can be inserted into jack 17;The fixed link 15 is the telescopic rod with spring catch, and the free end of the fixed link is equipped with Plug 16, the plug 16 can be inserted into jack 17, be provided with anti-skid structure on the surface that plug 16 is contacted with jack 17;Institute The solar recharging stake stated further includes cleaning mechanism, and the cleaning mechanism includes water supply mechanism 20 and water spraying mechanism, the confession Water dispenser structure 20 includes water tank and water pump, and the water supply mechanism 20 connects water spraying mechanism, the sprinkler by hose 21 Structure includes water-supply-pipe, and the water-supply-pipe is rear litter 8, and the rear litter 8 is closed at one end, and the other end is provided with water inlet 22, the water inlet 22 connects the hose 21 of water supply mechanism 20, is uniformly gathered before being provided with direction just on the rear litter 8 The water jet 23 of side;The bottom of first back prop 6 and the second back prop 5 is provided with straight line driving mechanism, and described is straight Line driving mechanism can raise the height of the first back prop 6 and the second back prop 5, and the cleaning mechanism is additionally provided with sewage recycling Mechanism, the sewage recovering mechanism include sink 24, and the sink 24 props up before being fixedly mounted on the first front standing pillar 3 and second 4 front side of column, the sink 24 are set to the lower section of sunshade body 9, and 24 bottom of sink is provided with discharge outlet 30, described Discharge outlet 30 foul water tank 26 is connected by drainpipe 25, be provided with the water outlet 27 with lid in the foul water tank 26; The straight line driving mechanism is the respectively arranged push-rod electric machine 19 of the first back prop 6 and 5 bottom of the second back prop, and described pushes away Bar motor 19 is fixed on ground, and the push rod 18 of push-rod electric machine 19 is vertically arranged, and the top of push rod (18) is respectively and above it First back prop 6, the second back prop 5 are connected;The bottom of the sink 24 is set as to concavity curved bottom, described Discharge outlet 30 be set to 24 bottom center of sink;The solar panel 11 is thin-film solar cell panel, described Solar panel is adhered on the tabs 10 of sunshade body 9;The structure of the solar panel 11 includes electrically conducting transparent Substrate layer 31, electron transfer layer 32, light absorbing layer 33, hole transmission layer 34 and electrode 35;The transparent conductive substrate layer 31 For ITO electro-conductive glass, the electron transfer layer 32 is TiO2Compacted zone, the light absorbing layer 33 are that electrospinning composite Nano is fine Film is tieed up, the electrospinning composite nanofiber membrane is that perovskite/graphene oxide/polycaprolactone as made from method of electrostatic spinning is multiple Nano fibrous membrane is closed, the hole transmission layer 34 is the P3HT nano fibrous membrane as made from method of electrostatic spinning;The sun Can solar panel 11 preparation method the following steps are included:

1) the ITO electro-conductive glass of appropriate size is cut as transparent conductive substrate layer 31, in 31 table of transparent conductive substrate layer The TiO that a layer thickness is 200nm is deposited in face2Compacted zone is as electron transfer layer 32;

2) ultrasonic graphene oxide dispersion in n,N-Dimethylformamide is added in graphene oxide powder, it is described The content of graphene oxide powder is 4wt% in graphene oxide dispersion, is added and gathers in oneself into graphene oxide dispersion Ester (PCL, molecular weight 50000) stirs evenly to obtain solution A, and the content of polycaprolactone is 22wt% in solution A, by methylpyridinium iodide ammonium Clear solution B, methyl in the solution B are uniformly mixing to obtain with being added in n,N-Dimethylformamide solution in lead chloride The molar ratio of ammonium iodide and lead chloride is 1:1, and the total content of methylpyridinium iodide ammonium and lead chloride in solution B is 30wt%, will Spinning precursor liquid is mixed evenly to obtain according to the ratio of mass ratio 1:1 in solution A and solution B;

3) the resulting spinning precursor liquid of step 2) is added in the storing liquid mechanism of electrostatic spinning apparatus, with electrostatic spinning Method 32 surface electrospinning of electron transfer layer, one layer of perovskite obtained/graphene oxide/polycaprolactone is compound in step 1) is received Rice tunica fibrosa is as light absorbing layer 33, the spinning parameter of electrostatic spinning process are as follows: spinning voltage 12kV, spinning distance 8cm, spinning Time 20min;

4) P3HT is dissolved in chloroform and is configured to spinning precursor liquid C, the content of P3HT is in the spinning precursor liquid C 12wt% spinning precursor liquid C is added in the storing liquid mechanism of electrostatic spinning apparatus, with the method for electrostatic spinning in step 3) 33 surface electrospinning of light absorbing layer obtained, one layer of P3HT nano fibrous membrane is as hole transmission layer 34, the spinning of electrostatic spinning process Parameter are as follows: spinning voltage 15kV, spinning distance 10cm, spinning time 30min;

5) use plasma sputtering hole transmission layer 34 and transparent conductive substrate layer 31 be deposited respectively one layer of gold thin film as Electrode 35 is to get solar panel 11.

Battery performance test is carried out to solar panel obtained by this method: using 100mW/cm2Solar energy simulation It is carried out under device (Newport) AM1.5G illumination, measuring optoelectronic transformation efficiency is 18.1%;At 20 DEG C of temperature, ring that humidity is 55% After being kept for 20 days in border, testing its conversion ratio is 17.6%.

The above is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, for those skilled in the art, Without departing from the principles of the invention, several improvements and modifications can also be made and these improvements and modifications are also regarded as Protection scope of the present invention, the not detailed disclosed technical solution of the present invention is well-known technique.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of solar recharging stake, which is characterized in that bicycle shed (2) and charging pile including being provided with solar panel (11) Ontology (1), the bicycle shed (2) include sunshade body (9) and bicycle shed bracket, and the sunshade body (9) is by multiple rectangles The telescopic organ folded structure of tabs (10) composition, each tabs (10) upper surface are mounted on solar panel (11), The bicycle shed bracket includes the preceding litter (7) and rear litter (8) of horizontally-parallel setting, the left and right end difference of preceding litter (7) The top of the first front standing pillar (3) and the second front standing pillar (4) that are vertically arranged is connected, the left and right end of rear litter (8) is separately connected The right-hand end at the top of the first back prop (6) and the second back prop (5) that are vertically arranged, the sunshade body (9) passes through company Fishplate bar A(12) be fixedly connected with preceding litter (7) and rear litter (8), the connecting plate A(12) close to preceding litter (7) and rear sliding The right part of pole (8) is arranged, and the forward and backward edge of the upper folding rib (28) between two tabs (10) of sunshade body (9) is mounted on company It connects ring (13), the forward and backward edge of right-hand end of sunshade body (9) is also equipped with connection ring (13), is installed on front side of sunshade body (9) Connection ring (13) be placed on preceding litter (7), be installed on the connection ring (13) on rear side of sunshade body (9) and be placed on rear litter (8).
2. a kind of solar recharging stake as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the left-hand end of the sunshade body (9) Extend downward with connecting plate B(14), the connecting plate B(14) it is connected and fixed bar (15) by shaft (29), it is described Fixed link (15) can be in the rotation in surface where the first back prop (6) and the second back prop (5), first back prop (6) vertical array is provided with multiple jacks (17) on, and the free end of the fixed link (15) can be inserted into jack (17).
3. a kind of solar recharging stake as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the fixed link (15) is with spring The telescopic rod of pin, the free end of the fixed link are equipped with plug (16), and the plug (16) can be inserted into jack (17), Anti-skid structure is provided on the surface that plug (16) is contacted with jack (17).
4. a kind of solar recharging stake as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the solar recharging stake further includes clear Clean mechanism, the cleaning mechanism include water supply mechanism (20) and water spraying mechanism, the water supply mechanism (20) include water tank and Water pump, the water supply mechanism (20) connect water spraying mechanism by hose (21), and the water spraying mechanism includes water-supply-pipe, described Water-supply-pipe be after litter (8), the rear litter (8) is closed at one end, and the other end is provided with water inlet (22), it is described into The mouth of a river (22) connects the hose (21) of water supply mechanism (20), uniformly gathers and is provided with towards front on the rear litter (8) Water jet (23).
5. a kind of solar recharging stake as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that first back prop (6) and second The bottom of back prop (5) is provided with straight line driving mechanism, and the straight line driving mechanism can raise the first back prop (6) and second The height of back prop (5), the cleaning mechanism are additionally provided with sewage recovering mechanism, and the sewage recovering mechanism includes sink (24), the sink (24) is fixedly mounted on front side of the first front standing pillar (3) and the second front standing pillar (4), the sink (24) It is set to the lower section of sunshade body (9), the sink (24) bottom is provided with discharge outlet (30), and the discharge outlet (30) is logical Drainpipe (25) connection foul water tank (26) is crossed, is provided with the water outlet (27) with lid in the foul water tank (26).
6. a kind of solar recharging stake as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that after the straight line driving mechanism is first Pillar (6) and the respectively arranged push-rod electric machine in the second back prop (5) bottom (19), the push-rod electric machine (19) are fixed on ground On, the push rod (18) of push-rod electric machine (19) is vertically arranged, the top of push rod (18) respectively with above it the first back prop (6), Second back prop (5) is connected.
7. a kind of solar recharging stake as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that the bottom of the sink (24) is set as To concavity curved bottom, the discharge outlet (30) is set to sink (24) bottom center.
8. a kind of solar recharging stake as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the solar panel (11) is thin Film solar cell plate, the solar panel are adhered on the tabs (10) of sunshade body (9).
9. a kind of solar recharging stake as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that the knot of the solar panel (11) Structure includes transparent conductive substrate layer (31), electron transfer layer (32), light absorbing layer (33), hole transmission layer (34) and electrode (35);The transparent conductive substrate layer (31) is ITO electro-conductive glass, and the electron transfer layer (32) is TiO2Compacted zone, The light absorbing layer (33) is electrospinning composite nanofiber membrane, and the electrospinning composite nanofiber membrane is by method of electrostatic spinning Perovskite, graphene oxide and polycaprolactone composite nanometer fiber membrane obtained, the hole transmission layer (34) are by electrostatic P3HT nano fibrous membrane made from spin processes.
10. a kind of solar recharging stake as claimed in claim 9, which is characterized in that the solar panel (11) Preparation method the following steps are included:
1) the ITO electro-conductive glass of appropriate size is cut as transparent conductive substrate layer (31), in transparent conductive substrate layer (31) table The TiO that a layer thickness is 200nm is deposited in face2Compacted zone is as electron transfer layer (32);
2) graphene oxide dispersion, the oxidation are obtained by ultrasonic in graphene oxide powder addition n,N-Dimethylformamide The content of graphene oxide powder is 4wt% in graphene dispersing solution, and polycaprolactone stirring is added into graphene oxide dispersion Uniform to obtain solution A, the content of polycaprolactone is 22wt% in solution A, and N, N- dimethyl will be added in methylpyridinium iodide ammonium and lead chloride Clear solution B is uniformly mixing to obtain in formamide solution, the molar ratio of methylpyridinium iodide ammonium and lead chloride in the solution B For 1:1, the total content of methylpyridinium iodide ammonium and lead chloride in solution B is 30wt%, by solution A and solution B according to mass ratio 1:1 Ratio spinning precursor liquid is mixed evenly to obtain;
3) the resulting spinning precursor liquid of step 2 is added in the storing liquid mechanism of electrostatic spinning apparatus, with the method for electrostatic spinning Electron transfer layer (32) surface one layer of perovskite of electrospinning, graphene oxide and polycaprolactone composite Nano obtained in step 1) Tunica fibrosa is as light absorbing layer (33), the spinning parameter of electrostatic spinning process are as follows: spinning voltage 12kV, spinning distance 8cm, spinning Time 20min;
4) P3HT is dissolved in chloroform and is configured to spinning precursor liquid C, the content of P3HT is 12wt% in the spinning precursor liquid C, will Spinning precursor liquid C be added electrostatic spinning apparatus storing liquid mechanism in, with the method for electrostatic spinning in step 3) light obtained Absorbed layer (33) surface one layer of P3HT nano fibrous membrane of electrospinning is as hole transmission layer (34), the spinning parameter of electrostatic spinning process Are as follows: spinning voltage 15kV, spinning distance 10cm, spinning time 30min;
5) use plasma sputtering hole transmission layer (34) and transparent conductive substrate layer (31) be deposited respectively one layer of gold thin film as Electrode (35) is to get solar panel (11).
CN201711093398.8A 2017-11-08 2017-11-08 A kind of solar recharging stake CN107965178B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108798099B (en) * 2018-07-10 2020-07-14 合肥市神雕起重机械有限公司 A flexible sunshade mechanism for outdoor parking area of intelligence
CN109177797A (en) * 2018-10-09 2019-01-11 江门市云码智能设计院有限公司 A kind of charging pile with sunshade booth structure

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CN205829274U (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-12-21 连江圆明工业设计有限公司 A kind of solar recharging stake being automatically adjusted angle
CN205883139U (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-11 温州海蓝工业设计有限公司 Solar cell bicycle shed
CN206091419U (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-04-12 天津津地信联网络科技有限公司 Bicycle shed for solar charging

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CN204139671U (en) * 2014-08-15 2015-02-04 王贵缺 A kind of movable garage
CN205829274U (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-12-21 连江圆明工业设计有限公司 A kind of solar recharging stake being automatically adjusted angle
CN106130446A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-11-16 盐城工学院 Solar panels support for charging pile
CN205883139U (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-11 温州海蓝工业设计有限公司 Solar cell bicycle shed
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