CN107963814B - Composite glaze, composite glaze slip and 4-8 degree soft surface wear-resistant porcelain archaized brick - Google Patents

Composite glaze, composite glaze slip and 4-8 degree soft surface wear-resistant porcelain archaized brick Download PDF

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CN107963814B
CN107963814B CN201711137713.2A CN201711137713A CN107963814B CN 107963814 B CN107963814 B CN 107963814B CN 201711137713 A CN201711137713 A CN 201711137713A CN 107963814 B CN107963814 B CN 107963814B
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wear
glaze
resistant
composite
parts
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CN107963814A (en
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萧礼标
赵存河
吴耀驹
武艳芳
刘荣勇
黄玲艳
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Monalisa Group Co Ltd
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Monalisa Group Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/22Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions containing two or more distinct frits having different compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/02Frit compositions, i.e. in a powdered or comminuted form
    • C03C8/04Frit compositions, i.e. in a powdered or comminuted form containing zinc
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/14Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions
    • C03C8/16Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions with vehicle or suspending agents, e.g. slip
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/14Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions
    • C03C8/20Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions containing titanium compounds; containing zirconium compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/52Multiple coating or impregnating multiple coating or impregnating with the same composition or with compositions only differing in the concentration of the constituents, is classified as single coating or impregnation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/89Coating or impregnation for obtaining at least two superposed coatings having different compositions

Abstract

The invention relates to a composite glaze material, composite glaze slip and a 4-8 degree soft surface wear-resistant porcelain archaized brick. The composite glaze comprises: the high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit comprises the following components in parts by mass: 51-55 parts of sub-surface transparent component glaze 35-39 parts of sub-surface transparent component glaze and 7-11 parts of wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles. After the composite glaze is fired, a soft-surface wear-resistant glaze layer with the glossiness of 4-8 degrees can be formed.

Description

Composite glaze, composite glaze slip and 4-8 degree soft surface wear-resistant porcelain archaized brick
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of ceramic building materials, and particularly relates to a 4-8-degree soft-surface wear-resistant composite glaze, composite glaze slip and a 4-8-degree soft-surface wear-resistant porcelain archaized brick.
Background
Along with the development of the demands and markets of people, the types of building decoration materials are more and more, the requirements are higher and higher, and the building decoration materials are novel, and the requirements on the material of a brick body, the level and the color of patterns are higher.
At present, a plurality of tile products with wear-resistant effect are prepared in the market, for example, a patent with application number 201710246555.8 entitled "a low-temperature high-hardness high-wear-resistant fully-polished glaze and a preparation method thereof" discloses a low-temperature high-hardness high-wear-resistant fully-polished glaze and a low-temperature polished glaze brick prepared from the fully-polished glaze, but the tile products do not have the weak-gloss effect of 4-8 degrees and have poor skid resistance.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention aims to provide a 4-8-degree soft-surface wear-resistant composite glaze material, a 4-8-degree soft-surface wear-resistant composite glaze slip and a 4-8-degree soft-surface wear-resistant porcelain archaized brick.
One aspect of the present application provides a composite glaze, comprising: the high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit comprises the following components in parts by mass: 51-55 parts of sub-surface transparent component glaze 35-39 parts of sub-surface transparent component glaze and 7-11 parts of wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles.
In the composite glaze, the high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit with a large proportion can improve the surface effect of a product, reduce the defects of a glaze surface, reduce air holes, improve the antifouling performance and enhance the leveling effect of the glaze surface; the sub-surface transparent component glaze can adjust the gloss range of the composite glaze; the wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles can improve the wear resistance of the glaze, are easily melted in the high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit and the matte transparent component glaze, keep the smoothness of the glaze, increase the anti-skid force and improve the problem of smoothness in the matte glaze in the current market. Therefore, the composite glaze material can effectively combine weak gloss, transparency, wear resistance, smooth and fine texture and anti-skid force. After the composite glaze is fired, a soft-surface wear-resistant glaze layer with the glossiness of 4-8 degrees can be formed.
Preferably, the fineness of the wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles is 220-250 meshes.
Preferably, the chemical components of the high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit are as follows: loss on ignition by mass: 0 to 0.06 percent; SiO 22:46~49%;Al2O3:17~21%;CaO:5.0~7.5%;MgO:1.6~2.1%;K2O:5.7~6.2%;Na2O:2.7~3.6%;ZnO:4.9~6.1%;SrO:3.12~4.27%。
Preferably, the chemical components of the sub-surface transparent component glaze are as follows: loss on ignition by mass: 11.2-12.7%; SiO 22:45~48.2%;Al2O3:14.3~17.9%;CaO:9.0~11.5%;MgO:4.5~5.1%;K2O:0.6~1.1%;Na2O:2.0~3.0%;ZnO:4.0~6.15%;ZrO2:0~0.2%。
Preferably, the wear-resistant anti-skid dry granules comprise the following chemical components: loss on ignition by mass: 0.4-0.95%; SiO 22:47.2~51.05%;Al2O3:29~33%;CaO:5.0~7.5%;MgO:2.5~3.11%;K2O:5.42~5.93%;Na2O:0.6~1.7%;ZnO:3.0~4.5%;ZrO2:0.2~0.6%。
The second aspect of the application provides a stranguria-treating agent, which comprises the following components in percentage by weight: by mass: 55-65% of water; 2.0-3.0% of sodium carboxymethylcellulose; ethylene glycol: 15-20%; acrylic acid copolymer: 3.5-4.5%; polyurethane: 3-5%; isothiazolinone: 2-4%; sodium polycarboxylate: 3-5%.
Another aspect of the present application provides a composite glaze slip, which comprises the following components in parts by mass:
the composite glaze material comprises the following components: high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit: 51-55 parts of sub-surface transparent component glaze 35-39 parts of sub-surface transparent component glaze and 7-11 parts of wear-resistant and anti-skid dry particles;
water: 40 to 42;
sodium carboxymethylcellulose: 0.1 to 0.2;
sodium tripolyphosphate: 0.2 to 0.3; and
the stranguria-treating agent comprises: 80-100 parts.
The composite glaze slip has the same advantages as the composite glaze, and can keep good flowing property of the glaze slip even at low glazing amount. Can keep the weak gloss and the transparent chromaticity of the product and reduce the production and use cost at the same time.
The third aspect of the present application provides a soft-surface wear-resistant porcelain archaized tile having a cover glaze layer formed by firing any one of the above composite glaze slips.
The soft-surface wear-resistant porcelain archaized brick effectively combines weak gloss, transparency, wear resistance, smooth and fine texture and skid resistance together, and is suitable for various application occasions. Compared with the common glazed brick, the soft-surface wear-resistant porcelain archaized brick has the following characteristics: the surface glossiness is 4-8 degrees, the glass has soft glossiness under the side light, and the front view basically has no glossiness; the touch feeling is smooth and fine, and the surface has no obvious defects of pinholes, glaze bubbles and the like; the wear resistance reaches 4-5 grades; the color development is bright and the color is strong.
Preferably, the composite glaze slip is applied to the surface of the brick by a slip pouring process, and the glazing amount is preferably 330-360 g/m2
Preferably, the flexible surface wear-resistant porcelain archaized brick comprises from bottom to top in sequence: a blank body, a high white ground glaze layer, an ink jet printing layer and the surface glaze layer.
Preferably, the glossiness of the high white ground glaze layer is 2-3 degrees; preferably, the high white ground glaze layer is formed by firing a high white ground glaze with the following chemical composition: loss on ignition by mass: 7.0-8.5%; SiO 22:45~49%;Al2O3:22~26%;Fe2O3:0.1~0.5%;TiO2:0.05~0.3%;CaO:6.3~8.8%;MgO:3.3~3.8%;K2O:2.3~2.8%;Na2O:0.2~0.5%;ZnO:0.7~1.10%;ZrO2:4~5.11%。
Detailed Description
The present invention is further illustrated by the following examples, which are to be understood as merely illustrative and not restrictive. The following contents are all by mass unless otherwise specified.
One embodiment of the invention provides a soft-surface wear-resistant porcelain archaized brick. The preparation steps of the soft-surface wear-resistant porcelain archaized brick can comprise: applying high white base coat on the green body; ink-jet printing; applying a wear-resistant composite glaze on the soft surface; and (5) firing.
The green body can be prepared from known ceramic raw materials by a conventional method, such as sequentially carrying out blank ball milling, powder spraying granulation and green body drying to obtain a dried green body. After drying, the brick surface can be cleaned, so that the follow-up process can be facilitated.
The high white base glaze is beneficial to the bright color development. For example, the whiteness can be from 80 to 90. The high-white base glaze preferably has a low-light effect, for example, the glossiness of the high-white base glaze is 2-3 degrees after firing, so that the influence on the glossiness and texture of the surface wear-resistant glaze can be avoidedAnd (4) changing. The high white base coat preferably has a certain degree of meltability (meltability). The term "slightly fusible" means that it is slightly fusible, not rough, smooth in surface and has a certain antifouling property after being fired alone at a high temperature. In one example, the high white ground coat contains a higher amount of aluminum and potassium, which helps to broaden the firing temperature range. In a preferred example, the chemical composition of the high white ground coat is: IL (loss on ignition): 7.0-8.5%; SiO 22:45~49%;Al2O3:22~26%;Fe2O3:0.1~0.5%;TiO2:0.05~0.3%;CaO:6.3~8.8%;MgO:3.3~3.8%;K2O:2.3~2.8%;Na2O:0.2~0.5%;ZnO:0.7~1.10%;ZrO2: 4 to 5.11 percent. The high-white ground glaze with the chemical components has certain micro-melting property, wide sintering temperature range (for example 1190-1220 ℃), smooth surface after sintering, certain antifouling property and glossiness of 2-3 ℃, and can avoid influencing the glossiness and texture change of the surface wear-resistant glaze.
The specific gravity of the high white ground coat can be 1.42-1.46. The high white ground coat can be applied to the green body by glaze spraying. The glazing amount can be 660-720 g/m2. A high-pressure glaze spraying cabinet can be adopted to achieve a better glaze spraying effect. For example, the injection pressure may be 10 to 15 MPa. The thickness of the high white base glaze layer formed after the high white base glaze is fired can be 0.2-0.35 mm.
After the high white base coat is applied, ink jet printing is performed, whereby an ink jet printed layer can be formed on the high white base coat layer. For example, multicolor ink jet printing of pattern colors is performed by a multichannel ink jet. After inkjet printing, drying, e.g. electro-drying, may be performed. The drying temperature can be 200-240 ℃. The drying time may be 60 to 100 seconds.
Then, the soft-surface wear-resistant composite glaze is uniformly applied to the surface of the color pattern brick. The soft-surface wear-resistant composite glaze can be transparent, and can protect the transparency of colors.
The soft-faced wear-resistant composite glaze may include three portions: high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit A, matte transparent component glaze B and wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles C.
In the high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit AThe high temperature of (2) means a high melting point and a high melting temperature. For example, the onset point may be 750-. The fired glossiness of the high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit A can be 8-10 degrees. The high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit A can improve the surface smoothing effect of a product, reduce hair pores, improve antifouling performance and enhance the glaze leveling effect. In a preferred example, the chemical composition of the high-temperature matte transparent abrasion-resistant frit a is as follows: by mass, IL: 0 to 0.06 percent; SiO 22:46~49%;Al2O3:17~21%;CaO:5.0~7.5%;MgO:1.6~2.1%;K2O:5.7~6.2%;Na2O:2.7~3.6%;ZnO:4.9~6.1%;SrO:3.12~4.27%。
The proportion of the high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit A in the soft-surface wear-resistant composite glaze is preferably higher, for example, the mass sum of the high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit A, the matte transparent component glaze B and the wear-resistant anti-slip dry particles C is 100, and the mass of the high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit A in the soft-surface wear-resistant composite glaze can be 51-55.
The glossiness of the sub-surface transparent component glaze B can be 3-5 degrees, and the glossiness range of the composite glaze can be adjusted. The sum of the mass of the high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit A, the mass of the matte transparent component glaze B and the mass of the wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles C is 100, and the mass of the matte transparent component glaze B can be 35-39. In a preferred example, the chemical composition of the sub-surface transparent component glaze B is as follows: by mass, IL: 11.2-12.7%; SiO 22:45~48.2%;Al2O3:14.3~17.9%;CaO:9.0~11.5%;MgO:4.5~5.1%;K2O:0.6~1.1%;Na2O:2.0~3.0%;ZnO:4.0~6.15%;ZrO2:0~0.2%。
The wear-resistant and anti-skid dry particles C can improve the wear-resistant capability of the glaze. The fineness of the wear-resistant and anti-skid dry particles C is preferably 220-250 meshes, so that the wear-resistant and anti-skid dry particles C are easier to melt in the high-temperature matt transparent wear-resistant frit A and the matt transparent component glaze B, the smoothness of the glaze surface is kept, the anti-skid force is increased, and the problem that the existing matt glaze is smooth is solved. In a preferred example, the chemical composition of the wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles C is as follows: by mass, the amount of the solvent to be added,IL:0.4~0.95%;SiO2:47.2~51.05%;Al2O3:29~33%;CaO:5.0~7.5%;MgO:2.5~3.11%;K2O:5.42~5.93%;Na2O:0.6~1.7%;ZnO:3.0~4.5%;ZrO2:0.2~0.6%。
the flexible surface wear-resistant composite glaze preferably forms an ultrathin layer on the surface of the brick, and the thickness of the ultrathin layer is 0.08-0.1 mm. Therefore, the low gloss and the transparent chromaticity of the product can be kept, and the production and use cost is reduced. Therefore, the flexible-surface wear-resistant composite glaze can be applied by adopting the process of ultrathin slurry spraying composite glaze. In order to keep good flowing property of glaze slip at low glazing amount, a spray aid D can be added into the composite glaze to increase the adhesion and the fluidity among dry grains of the glaze. The composite glaze slip of one embodiment of the invention may contain the above-described soft-surface wear-resistant composite glaze (i.e., containing high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit a, matte transparent component glaze B, and wear-resistant anti-slip dry particles C); a stranguria-treating agent D; water; and other auxiliary materials and the like. The formula ratio of the stranguria-treating adjuvant D can be shown in Table 1. Other adjuvants include sodium carboxymethylcellulose (methyl for short), sodium tripolyphosphate, etc.;
TABLE 1 formula proportion of stranguria-treating agent
Water (W) Sodium carboxymethylcellulose Ethylene glycol Acrylic acid copolymer Polyurethane Isothiazolinone Polycarboxylic acid sodium salt
55~65 2.0~3.0 15~20 3.5~4.5 3~5 2~4 3~5
The contents in the table refer to parts by mass.
In one example, the composite glaze slip is formulated as follows. Firstly, preparing W glaze slip, wherein the proportioning range is as follows: high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit A: 57-61%; and (3) sub-surface transparent glaze B: 39-43%; water: 40-42% (relative to the percentage of the sum of the mass of the high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit A and the mass of the matte transparent glaze B); sodium carboxymethylcellulose: 0.2-0.3% (percentage relative to the sum of the high-temperature matt transparent wear-resistant frit A and the matt transparent glaze B); sodium tripolyphosphate: 0.3-0.38% (percentage relative to the sum of the high-temperature matt transparent wear-resistant frit A and the matt transparent glaze B). The processing fineness of the W glaze slip can be 0.2-0.6% of the residue of a 325-mesh sieve.
Then W glaze slip is used to prepare ultrathin slurry L glaze material (composite glaze slip). In the embodiment, the high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit A and the matte transparent component glaze B are prepared into the glaze slip, and then the glaze slip, the wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles C and the leaching aid D are mixed to prepare the composite glaze slip, and the main reasons are as follows: because the high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit A and the matte transparent component glaze B are raw materials with different particle sizes and have poor uniformity, the frit A and the matte transparent component glaze B are preferably ball-milled into uniform glaze slip with certain specific gravity, flow rate and fineness, for example, the ball-milling time is about 8-10 hours, but the leaching aid D is not suitable for ball-milling for a long time, the structure of a high polymer material is damaged, the leaching aid performance is influenced, the antiskid dry particles C need to be kept in a certain particle range and cannot be ball-milled, and therefore the ultrathin leaching paste L is preferably processed by two steps. L frit formulation ratio can be as shown in table 2. The preparation method can be that the components are stirred evenly. The specific gravity of the composite glaze slip can be 1.42-1.46. The flow rate of the composite glaze slip can be 40-50 seconds per cup.
TABLE 2 composite slip composition ratio
W glaze slip Wear-resistant anti-skid dry particle C Stranguria-treating medicine D
130~150 8~12 80~100
The contents in the table refer to parts by mass.
The glazing amount of the composite glaze slip can be 330-360 g/m2. By such a low glazing amount, an ultrathin soft-surface wear-resistant composite glaze layer can be formed.
After application of the composite glaze slip, drying, e.g. electro-drying, may be carried out. The drying temperature can be 200-240 ℃. The drying time may be 60 to 100 seconds. Then, the mixture is put into a kiln to be sintered. The sintering temperature can be 1190-1210 ℃. The firing time can be 60 to 65 minutes. The water absorption after firing can be within 0.5%. And finally, grinding edges and packaging in a grading manner.
The flexible surface wear-resistant porcelain archaized brick sequentially comprises the following components from bottom to top: a blank body, a high white ground glaze layer, an ink jet printing layer and a surface glaze layer.
The high white ground coat layer is beneficial to the bright color development and does not influence the change of the luster and the texture of the overglaze layer. The overglaze layer is formed by the wear-resisting compound frit of gentle face for the wear-resisting porcelain matter archaize brick surface gloss degree of gentle face can be 4 ~ 8 degrees, and the wearability can reach 4 ~ 5 grades, and is level and smooth exquisite, and antifouling effect is good, and the non-skid property is strong, and makes the inkjet printing layer look bright, and it is strong to be the look.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the ultra-thin slurry spraying process effectively combines weak gloss, transparency, wear resistance, smoothness, fineness and texture together, and is suitable for various application occasions;
2. the decoration effect is good: compared with the common glazed brick, the soft-surface wear-resistant porcelain archaized brick has the following characteristics: the surface glossiness is 4-8 degrees, the glass has soft glossiness under the side light, and the front view basically has no glossiness; the touch feeling is smooth and fine, and the surface has no obvious defects of pinholes, glaze bubbles and the like; in order to increase the durability of the product, the wear resistance reaches 4 grades; the ultrathin drenched pulp is bright in color development and strong in color development;
3. the application range is wide: the invention is not influenced by environmental factors, and can be widely applied to various interior and exterior walls and ground decoration;
4. easy cleaning: the stone-like ceramic brick is completely sintered, the water absorption is controlled within 0.5 percent, and through the use of high-proportion pre-sintering frits, the sintered exhaust holes are reduced, the surface antifouling effect is good, and the cleaning is easy;
5. durable: the invention has stable performance, less time and environment influence factors, high wear resistance, long service life and wide market economic benefit, and can keep new feeling for a long time.
The present invention will be described in detail by way of examples. It is also to be understood that the following examples are illustrative of the present invention and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the invention, and that certain insubstantial modifications and adaptations of the invention by those skilled in the art may be made in light of the above teachings. The specific process parameters and the like of the following examples are also only one example of suitable ranges, i.e., those skilled in the art can select the appropriate ranges through the description herein, and are not limited to the specific values exemplified below.
Example 1 (example of 600X 600mm production)
1. Preparing a brick surface effect requirement according to a 4-8-degree soft surface wear-resistant brick, and micro-glimmering and micro-melting high-white ground glazeThe formula comprises the following components: IL: 8.32 percent; SiO 22:46.45%;Al2O3:24.96%;CaO:7.49%;MgO:3.67%;K2O:2.59%;Na2O:0.29%;ZnO:0.89%;ZrO2:4.56%。
The 4-8-degree soft surface wear-resistant composite glaze is formed by mixing three materials, namely high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit A (frit A for short), matte transparent component glaze B and wear-resistant anti-skidding dry particles C in proportion, wherein the formula components of the high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit A are as follows: IL: 0.02 percent; SiO 22:47.12%;Al2O3:19.7%;CaO:6.5%;MgO:1.97%;K2O:5.87%;Na2O:3.15%;ZnO:5.21%;SrO:3.77%;
The sub-surface transparent component glaze B comprises the following components: IL: 12.05 percent; SiO 22:46.7%;Al2O3:16.83%;CaO:10.29%;MgO:4.99%;K2O:0.9%;Na2O:2.5%;ZnO:5.13%;ZrO2:0.06%;
The formula of the wear-resistant anti-skid dry particle C comprises the following components: IL: 0.7 percent; SiO 22:49.22%;Al2O3:30.23%;CaO:5.8%;MgO:2.76%;K2O:5.63%;Na2O:0.79%;ZnO:3.99%;ZrO2:0.28%。
2. Preparing ultrathin glaze slurry:
the W glaze slip comprises the following components in percentage by weight:
frit A Sub-surface transparent glaze B Water (W) Methyl radical Sodium tripolyphosphate Ball milling fineness 325 mesh sieve residue
59 41 40 0.25 0.35 0.2~0.4
Then preparing ultrathin slurry L glaze by using the W glaze, wherein the mixture ratio of the L glaze is as follows:
w glaze slip Dried granules C Stranguria-treating medicine Specific gravity of Flow rate of flow
143 10 90 1.45-1.46 40 to 50 seconds per cup
The processing mode is stirring;
the formula proportion of the stranguria-treating agent is as follows:
3. after drying the blank body in a drying kiln, spraying low-light micro-melting high-white base glaze (the specific gravity is 1.46, and 240-one piece is sprayed);
4. multi-color ink-jet printing;
5. spraying 4-8 ℃ soft surface wear-resistant composite glaze (the specific gravity is 1.44, and the specific gravity is 110-;
6. after being sintered by a kiln, the materials are ground, graded and packaged, the sintering temperature is 1200 ℃, and the sintering time is 63 minutes.
The obtained product has glossiness of 6.5 by detection of glossiness instrument (Koshijia photoelectric instrument, Inc. WGG 60-E4); the wear resistance is 4 grades and the dry friction coefficient is 0.72 by the national quality supervision and inspection center of ceramic and bathroom products.

Claims (10)

1. A composite glaze, comprising: the high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit comprises the following components in parts by mass: 51-55 parts of sub-surface transparent component glaze 35-39 parts and 7-11 parts of wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles,
the high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit comprises the following chemical components: loss on ignition by mass: 0 to 0.06 percent; SiO 22:46~49%;Al2O3:17~21%;CaO:5.0~7.5%;MgO:1.6~2.1%;K2O:5.7~6.2%;Na2O:2.7~3.6%;ZnO:4.9~6.1%;SrO:3.12~4.27%;
The sub-surface transparent component glaze comprises the following chemical components: loss on ignition by mass: 11.2-12.7%; SiO 22:45~48.2%;Al2O3:14.3~17.9%;CaO:9.0~11.5%;MgO:4.5~5.1%;K2O:0.6~1.1%;Na2O:2.0~3.0%;ZnO:4.0~6.15%;ZrO2:0~0.2%;
The wear-resistant anti-skid dry granules comprise the following chemical components: loss on ignition by mass: 0.4-0.95%; SiO 22:47.2~51.05%;Al2O3:29~33%;CaO:5.0~7.5%;MgO:2.5~3.11%;K2O:5.42~5.93%;Na2O:0.6~1.7%;ZnO:3.0~4.5%;ZrO2:0.2~0.6%,
The fineness of the wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles is 220-250 meshes.
2. A composite glaze slip comprising the composite glaze of claim 1; wherein: based on the mass portion of the raw materials,
high-temperature matte transparent wear-resistant frit: 51-55 parts of sub-surface transparent component glaze 35-39 parts of sub-surface transparent component glaze and 7-11 parts of wear-resistant and anti-skid dry particles;
80-100 parts of leaching aid; water: 40 to 42; sodium carboxymethylcellulose: 0.1 to 0.2; sodium tripolyphosphate: 0.2-0.3:
wherein the stranguria-treating agent comprises: by mass: 55-65% of water; 2.0-3.0% of sodium carboxymethylcellulose; ethylene glycol: 15-20%; acrylic acid copolymer: 3.5-4.5%; polyurethane: 3-5%; isothiazolinone: 2-4%; sodium polycarboxylate: 3-5%.
3. The composite glaze slurry as set forth in claim 2, wherein the specific gravity of the composite glaze slurry is 1.42-1.46, and the flow rate is 40-50 seconds per cup.
4. A flexible wear-resistant porcelain archaized tile comprising a overglaze layer formed by firing the composite glaze slurry according to claim 2 or 3.
5. The flexible-surface wear-resistant porcelain archaized brick according to claim 4, wherein the composite glaze slurry is applied on the surface of the brick by a slurry pouring process.
6. The flexible-surface wear-resistant porcelain archaized brick as claimed in claim 5, wherein the glazing amount is 330-360 g/m2
7. The flexible surface wear-resistant ceramic archaized tile according to claim 4, wherein the flexible surface wear-resistant ceramic archaized tile comprises in order from bottom to top: a blank body, a high white ground glaze layer, an ink jet printing layer and the surface glaze layer.
8. The flexible-surface wear-resistant porcelain archaized brick according to claim 4, wherein the glossiness of the high-white ground coat layer is 2-3 degrees.
9. The flexible wear resistant porcelain archaized tile of claim 8, wherein the high white glaze layer is fired from a high white glaze having the following chemical composition: loss on ignition by mass: 7.0-8.5%; SiO 22:45~49%;Al2O3:22~26%;Fe2O3:0.1~0.5%;TiO2:0.05~0.3%;CaO:6.3~8.8%;MgO:3.3~3.8%;K2O:2.3~2.8%;Na2O:0.2~0.5%;ZnO:0.7~1.10%;ZrO2:4~5.11%。
10. The flexible surface wear-resistant ceramic archaized brick according to any one of claims 4 to 9, wherein the surface gloss of the flexible surface wear-resistant ceramic archaized brick is 4 to 8 degrees.
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