CN107957349A - Soil sampling equipment is used in a kind of rare earth exploration - Google Patents

Soil sampling equipment is used in a kind of rare earth exploration Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107957349A
CN107957349A CN201711412049.8A CN201711412049A CN107957349A CN 107957349 A CN107957349 A CN 107957349A CN 201711412049 A CN201711412049 A CN 201711412049A CN 107957349 A CN107957349 A CN 107957349A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
slide
guide sleeve
sliding block
block
sides
Prior art date
Application number
CN201711412049.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107957349B (en
Inventor
张斌
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赣州科源甬致科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201711412049.8A priority Critical patent/CN107957349B/en
Publication of CN107957349A publication Critical patent/CN107957349A/en
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Publication of CN107957349B publication Critical patent/CN107957349B/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/04Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting
    • G01N1/08Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting involving an extracting tool, e.g. core bit
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/28Preparing specimens for investigation including physical details of (bio-)chemical methods covered elsewhere, e.g. G01N33/50, C12Q
    • G01N1/34Purifying; Cleaning

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of sample devices, more particularly to a kind of exploration of rare earth to use soil sampling equipment.The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide it is a kind of it is time saving and energy saving, the soil of different depth can be sampled, moreover it is possible to the sample unit after sampling is rinsed, the rare earth exploration soil sampling equipment without influencing next soil sampling.In order to solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides such a rare earth exploration soil sampling equipment, include bottom plate etc.;Bottom plate top left side is provided with the first slide, and for the first slide in being vertically arranged, the first slide is equipped with lifting gear, and sampling apparatus is connected with the moving parts of lifting gear, and sampling apparatus is located on the left of lifting gear.The present invention can be collected the soil after sampling by collection device, and be convenient for people to handle the soil of sampling, reached time saving and energy saving, the soil of different depth can be sampled.

Description

Soil sampling equipment is used in a kind of rare earth exploration

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of sample devices, more particularly to a kind of exploration of rare earth to use soil sampling equipment.

Background technology

Rare earth has the laudatory title of " industrial vitamin ".Nowadays extremely important strategic resource is become.Rare earth element aoxidizes Thing refer to period of element atom ordinal number be 57 to 71 15 kinds of lanthanide oxides, and with lanthanide series chemical property Similar scandium(Sc)And yttrium(Y)The oxide of totally 17 kinds of elements.

In rare earth exploration, it is required for sampling soil, and soil is detected and is convenient for people to explore, and people When work samples soil, when time-consuming and laborious, sampling soil is located at depths, it has not been convenient to people are sampled, and after sampling, Sample unit easily remains substantial amounts of soil, thus there is an urgent need for research and develop it is a kind of it is time saving and energy saving, the soil of different depth can be sampled, Sample unit after sampling can also be rinsed, the rare earth exploration soil sampling equipment without influencing next soil sampling.

The content of the invention

(1)Technical problems to be solved

When the present invention manually samples soil to overcome, when time-consuming and laborious, sampling soil is located at depths, it has not been convenient to people Sampled, and after sampling, the shortcomings that sample unit easily remains substantial amounts of soil, the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is carry For it is a kind of it is time saving and energy saving, the soil of different depth can be sampled, moreover it is possible to the sample unit after sampling is rinsed, without Soil sampling equipment is used in the rare earth exploration for influencing next soil sampling.

(2)Technical solution

In order to solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides such a rare earth exploration soil sampling equipment, include bottom Plate, the first slide, sampling apparatus and lifting gear, bottom plate top left side are provided with the first slide, and the first slide is in be vertically arranged, First slide is equipped with lifting gear, and sampling apparatus is connected with the moving parts of lifting gear, and sampling apparatus is filled positioned at lifting Put left side.

Preferably, sampling apparatus includes motor, bearing block, bull stick, drill bit, the first bracing wire, the first guide sleeve, draw ring, circle Shape frame, cylinder, pulley, the second guide sleeve, fixed plate, motion bar and spring, are connected with motor on the moving parts of lifting gear, electricity Machine is also associated with bearing block in being vertically arranged on the moving parts of lifting gear, bearing seat is below motor, peace in bearing block Equipped with bull stick, the output shaft of motor is connected by shaft coupling with bull stick top, and bull stick bottom is provided with drill bit, is installed at the top of drill bit There is circular frame, be equipped with cylinder in circular frame, through hole be provided among barrel top, bull stick is located in through hole, cylinder inner top or so Both sides are symmetrically provided with wire guide, and two pulleys are provided with the inside of cylinder, symmetrical be provided with is gone back at left and right sides of cylinder inner top Second guide sleeve, the second guide sleeve are equipped with motion bar, left side motion bar left end and the right side between the pulley of the left and right sides in the second guide sleeve Side motion bar right end is fitted with fixed plate, divides between left and right sides fixed plate medial surface and the left and right sides the second guide sleeve lateral surface Spring is not connected with, and spring pocket is on motion bar, and bull stick lower part left and right sides symmetrical expression is provided with slot, and slot is matched somebody with somebody with motion bar Close, bull stick top is provided with the first guide sleeve, is equipped with draw ring above the first guide sleeve, left and right sides fixed plate lateral surface lower part is connected with First bracing wire, the first bracing wire tail end are connected by the first guide sleeve with draw ring again around pulley by wire guide.

Preferably, lifting gear includes Electric Motor Wheel, driven wheel, the second bracing wire, the first sliding block and connecting plate, the first slide The first sliding block coordinated with it is equipped with, the first sliding block is slidably matched with the first slide, and the first sliding block left surface is provided with connection Plate, connecting plate left surface top on the right side of motor with being connected, and connecting plate left surface lower part is connected with bearing block right flank, the first slide Leading flank top is provided with Electric Motor Wheel, and the first slide leading flank lower part is provided with driven wheel, is connected with the right side of the first slider top Second bracing wire, the second bracing wire tail end is around Electric Motor Wheel and driven wheel with being connected on the right side of the first slider bottom.

Preferably, flusher has been further included, flusher includes water tank, water pump, outlet pipe, nozzle and transverse slat, the One slide right flank lower part is provided with transverse slat, and transverse slat top left side is provided with water tank, and bottom right is provided with water pump, water in water tank The water outlet of pump is connected with outlet pipe, and outlet pipe tail end is on the right side of tank top positioned at the first slide rear side, outlet pipe tail end Nozzle is installed, nozzle is located at drill bit upper right side, and nozzle in outlet pipe with connecting.

Preferably, collection device has been further included, collection device includes the second sliding block, the second slide, installing plate and collection Frame, the first slide front side are equipped with the second slide, and in being horizontally disposed with, the second slide is equipped with second coordinated with it and slides the second slide Block, the second sliding block are slidably matched with the second slide, and the second sliding block trailing flank is connected with the first slide front lower, the second sliding block position Below driven wheel, the second slide top left side is provided with installing plate, and installing plate top left side is provided with collection frame, collection frame position Below drill bit.

Preferably, deck, the 3rd guide sleeve and inserted link have been further included, bottom plate top right side is provided with deck, and the second slide is right Side is provided with the 3rd guide sleeve, and inserted link is equipped with the 3rd guide sleeve, and inserted link coordinates with deck.

Preferably, electric pushrod and fixed block have been further included, the first slide leading flank upper right is provided with electric pushrod, Electric pushrod is provided with fixed block in being horizontally disposed with the telescopic rod of electric pushrod, fixed block is located at below the first sliding block and it Contact.

Preferably, the first block has been further included, inserted link top left and right sides symmetrical expression is provided with the first block.

Preferably, the second block has been further included, the left and right sides is provided with the second block at the top of installing plate, and collection frame is positioned at a left side Between right the second block of both sides.

Operation principle:The present apparatus is moved to beside the soil for needing to sample by operating personnel first, and makes sampling cartridge set In needing using directly over soil, you can start sampling apparatus, restart lifting gear, the lifting part of lifting gear, which drives, to be adopted Sampling device moves down, and then sampling apparatus is moved down in soil, when sampling apparatus is moved to suitable position, you can Lifting gear is closed, and then sampling apparatus samples soil.After the completion of soil sampling, you can start lifting gear and drive Sampling apparatus moves up recovery to original position, closes lifting gear and sampling apparatus, you can by the soil of sampling apparatus take out into Row detection.

Because sampling apparatus includes motor, bearing block, bull stick, drill bit, the first bracing wire, the first guide sleeve, draw ring, circle Frame, cylinder, pulley, the second guide sleeve, fixed plate, motion bar and spring, are connected with motor, motor on the moving parts of lifting gear In being vertically arranged, bearing block is also associated with the moving parts of lifting gear, bearing seat is below motor, installation in bearing block There is bull stick, the output shaft of motor is connected by shaft coupling with bull stick top, and bull stick bottom is provided with drill bit, is provided with the top of drill bit Circular frame, circular frame is interior to be equipped with cylinder, and through hole is provided among barrel top, and bull stick is located in through hole, and bull stick is located in through hole, circle It is symmetrical at left and right sides of cylinder inner top to be provided with wire guide, two pulleys are installed, the cylinder inner top left and right sides is also right on the inside of cylinder Title formula is provided with the second guide sleeve, and the second guide sleeve is equipped with motion bar between the pulley of the left and right sides in the second guide sleeve, left side is lived Lever left end is fitted with fixed plate, left and right sides fixed plate medial surface and the second guide sleeve of the left and right sides with right side motion bar right end Spring is connected between lateral surface, for spring pocket on motion bar, bull stick lower part left and right sides symmetrical expression is provided with slot, inserts Groove coordinates with motion bar, and bull stick top is provided with the first guide sleeve, and draw ring, left and right sides fixed plate outside are equipped with above the first guide sleeve Face lower part is connected with the first bracing wire, and the first bracing wire tail end is connected by the first guide sleeve with draw ring again around pulley by wire guide, When the present apparatus is beside the soil for needing to sample, you can start motor and rotate, motor, which rotates, drives bar rotation, and bull stick turns Dynamic to drive drill bit to rotate, operating personnel can start lifting gear and drive motor to move down, and then drive drill bit to move down, Drill bit, which moves down, to be pierced in soil, when drill bit is moved downward to suitable position, close lifting gear, you can pull draw ring to Upper movement, draw ring move upwardly through the first bracing wire and drive left and right sides motion bar to be displaced outwardly, and left and right sides motion bar is outside It is mobile not to be located in slot, spring-compressed, and then left and right sides motion bar is displaced outwardly driving cylinder to move up, cylinder is upward It is mobile not to be located in circular frame, draw ring is stopped drag, and then soil is fallen in circular frame.When soil is fallen in circular frame When, you can startup lifting gear, which moves up, drives drill bit to move up recovery to original position, closes lifting gear and motor, operation Soil can be taken out and is detected by personnel out of circular frame, and because of the influence of gravity, cylinder moves down recovery to original position.

Because lifting gear includes Electric Motor Wheel, driven wheel, the second bracing wire, the first sliding block and connecting plate, on the first slide Equipped with the first sliding block coordinated with it, the first sliding block is slidably matched with the first slide, and the first sliding block left surface is provided with connecting plate, Connecting plate left surface top on the right side of motor with being connected, and connecting plate left surface lower part is connected with bearing block right flank, before the first slide Side surface upper part is provided with Electric Motor Wheel, and the first slide leading flank lower part is provided with driven wheel, and the is connected with the right side of the first slider top Two bracing wires, the second bracing wire tail end, with being connected on the right side of the first slider bottom, when drill bit rotates, operate around Electric Motor Wheel and driven wheel Personnel can start Electric Motor Wheel reversion, and then the second bracing wire pulls the first sliding block to move down, and the first sliding block moves down drive Connecting plate moves down, and connecting plate, which moves down, drives motor to move down, and then drives drill bit to move down, and drill bit is to moving down It is dynamic that soil is sampled.Similarly, after the completion of soil sampling, you can start Electric Motor Wheel and rotate forward, and then drive drill bit to moving up It is dynamic to recover to original position, close electronic reel, you can soil is taken out and is detected.

Because having further included flusher, flusher includes water tank, water pump, outlet pipe, nozzle and transverse slat, and first slides Rail right flank lower part is provided with transverse slat, and transverse slat top left side is provided with water tank, and bottom right is provided with water pump in water tank, water pump Water outlet is connected with outlet pipe, and outlet pipe tail end on the right side of tank top on rear side of the first slide, install by outlet pipe tail end There is a nozzle, nozzle is located at drill bit upper right side, and nozzle first pours into water in water tank, when soil is from circle with being connected in outlet pipe After being taken out in frame, you can start water pump, the water in water tank is pumped into outlet pipe by water pump, and then the water in outlet pipe passes through nozzle Spray, water, which sprays, is rinsed drill bit and circular frame.After the completion of drill bit and circular frame rinse, you can switch off the pump.In this way, It can prevent the sampling of remaining soil Influence To Soil next time.

Because having further included collection device, collection device includes the second sliding block, the second slide, installing plate and collection frame, The second slide is equipped with front side of first slide, for the second slide in being horizontally disposed with, the second slide is equipped with the second sliding block coordinated with it, Second sliding block is slidably matched with the second slide, and the second sliding block trailing flank is connected with the first slide front lower, and the second sliding block is located at Below driven wheel, the second slide top left side is provided with installing plate, and installing plate top left side is provided with collection frame, and collection frame is located at Below drill bit, after soil takes out, operating personnel can promote collection frame to be moved to the left, when collection frame is located at immediately below drill bit When, you can stop promoting collection frame, and then the soil removed is put into collection frame.When soil is entirely located in collection frame, Collection frame can be promoted to move right to recover to original position.In this way, operating personnel can be made more easily to be collected detection to soil.

Because having further included deck, the 3rd guide sleeve and inserted link, bottom plate top right side is provided with deck, the second slide right flank 3rd guide sleeve is installed, inserted link is equipped with the 3rd guide sleeve, inserted link coordinates with deck, when drill bit is moved upward to suitable position, Inserted link can be pulled to move up, and then inserted link is moved up and departed from deck, you can to promote collection frame to be moved to the left positioned at brill Head lower section.When soil is located in collection frame, and the recovery that moves right is to original position, you can inserted link is inserted into deck, and then is inserted Bar coordinates with deck fixes the second slide, and then drives collection frame to fix.In this way, it can prevent collection frame from moving.

Because having further included electric pushrod and fixed block, the first slide leading flank upper right is provided with electric pushrod, electricity Dynamic push rod is provided with fixed block in being horizontally disposed with the telescopic rod of electric pushrod, fixed block is located at below the first sliding block to be connect with it Touch, when drill bit rotates, the telescopic rod that operating personnel can start electric pushrod shortens, and the telescopic rod of electric pushrod, which shortens, to be driven Fixed block moves right, fixed block move right not with the first shoe contact, you can start Electric Motor Wheel reversion, and then drive drill bit Move down and soil is sampled.After the completion of soil sampling, and when the first sliding block is moved to original position, you can start electronic pushes away The telescopic rod elongation of bar, and then drive fixed block to be moved to the left recovery and the first sliding block is supported to original position, close electronic push away Bar.In this way, the bearing capacity of the first sliding block can be made stronger.

Because having further included the first block, inserted link top left and right sides symmetrical expression is provided with the first block, when inserted link position When in the 3rd guide sleeve, the first block is supported inserted link, and then prevents inserted link from being fallen out out of the 3rd guide sleeve.

Because having further included the second block, the left and right sides is provided with the second block at the top of installing plate, and collection frame is positioned at left and right Between the second block of both sides, when collection frame moves, the second block blocks collection frame, and prevents collection frame from falling from installing plate Fall.

(3)Beneficial effect

The present invention can be collected the soil after sampling by collection device, and be convenient for people at the soil to sampling Reason, has reached time saving and energy saving, the soil of different depth can have been sampled, moreover it is possible to the sample unit after sampling is rinsed, Effect without influencing next soil sampling.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the first main structure diagram of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the enlarged diagram of part A of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is the enlarged diagram of part B of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is second of main structure diagram of the present invention.

Fig. 5 is the third main structure diagram of the present invention.

Fig. 6 is the 4th kind of main structure diagram of the present invention.

Fig. 7 is the 5th kind of main structure diagram of the present invention.

Fig. 8 is the 6th kind of main structure diagram of the present invention.

Mark in attached drawing for:1- bottom plates, the first slides of 2-, 3- sampling apparatuses, 31- motors, 32- bearing blocks, 33- turn Bar, 34- drill bits, the first bracing wires of 35-, the first guide sleeves of 36-, 37- draw rings, 38- circular frames, 39- cylinders, 310- through holes, 311- are led String holes, 312- pulleys, the second guide sleeves of 313-, 314- fixed plates, 315- slots, 316- motion bars, 317- springs, 4- lifting dresses Put, 41- Electric Motor Wheels, 42- driven wheels, the second bracing wires of 43-, the first sliding blocks of 44-, 45- connecting plates, 5- flushers, 51- water tanks, 52- water pumps, 53- outlet pipes, 54- nozzles, 55- transverse slats, 6- collection devices, the second sliding blocks of 61-, the second slides of 62-, 63- installations Plate, 64- collection frames, 7- decks, the 3rd guide sleeves of 8-, 9- inserted links, 10- electric pushrods, 11- fixed blocks, the first blocks of 12-, 13- Two blocks.

Embodiment

The present invention is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.

Embodiment 1

Soil sampling equipment is used in a kind of rare earth exploration, as shown in figures 1-8, includes bottom plate 1, the first slide 2,3 and of sampling apparatus Lifting gear 4,1 top left side of bottom plate are provided with the first slide 2, and in being vertically arranged, the first slide 2 is equipped with to be risen the first slide 2 Falling unit 4, sampling apparatus 3 is connected with the moving parts of lifting gear 4, and sampling apparatus 3 is located at the left side of lifting gear 4.

Embodiment 2

Soil sampling equipment is used in a kind of rare earth exploration, as shown in figures 1-8, includes bottom plate 1, the first slide 2,3 and of sampling apparatus Lifting gear 4,1 top left side of bottom plate are provided with the first slide 2, and in being vertically arranged, the first slide 2 is equipped with to be risen the first slide 2 Falling unit 4, sampling apparatus 3 is connected with the moving parts of lifting gear 4, and sampling apparatus 3 is located at the left side of lifting gear 4.

Sampling apparatus 3 includes motor 31, bearing block 32, bull stick 33, drill bit 34, the first bracing wire 35, the first guide sleeve 36, drawing Ring 37, circular frame 38, cylinder 39, pulley 312, the second guide sleeve 313, fixed plate 314, motion bar 316 and spring 317, lifting dress Put and motor 31 is connected with 4 moving parts, motor 31 is also associated with axis in being vertically arranged on the moving parts of lifting gear 4 Bearing 32, bearing block 32 are located at the lower section of motor 31, are provided with bull stick 33 in bearing block 32, the output shaft of motor 31 passes through shaft coupling It is connected with 33 top of bull stick, 33 bottom of bull stick is provided with drill bit 34, and the top of drill bit 34 is provided with circular frame 38, is set in circular frame 38 There is cylinder 39,39 crown center of cylinder is provided with through hole 310, and bull stick 33 is located in through hole 310, right at left and right sides of 39 inner top of cylinder Title is provided with wire guide 311, and the inner side of cylinder 39 is provided with two pulleys 312, symmetrical peace is gone back at left and right sides of 39 inner top of cylinder Equipped with the second guide sleeve 313, the second guide sleeve 313 is equipped with motion bar between left and right sides pulley 312 in second guide sleeve 313 316,316 left end of left side motion bar and 316 right end of right side motion bar are fitted with fixed plate 314, in left and right sides fixed plate 314 Spring 317 is connected between 313 lateral surface of side and the second guide sleeve of the left and right sides, spring 317 is sleeved on motion bar 316, 33 lower part of bull stick left and right sides symmetrical expression is provided with slot 315, and slot 315 coordinates with motion bar 316, and 33 top of bull stick is provided with First guide sleeve 36, the top of the first guide sleeve 36 are equipped with draw ring 37, and fixed plate 314 lateral surface lower part in the left and right sides is connected with the first bracing wire 35,35 tail end of the first bracing wire is connected by the first guide sleeve 36 with draw ring 37 again around pulley 312 by wire guide 311.

Embodiment 3

Soil sampling equipment is used in a kind of rare earth exploration, as shown in figures 1-8, includes bottom plate 1, the first slide 2,3 and of sampling apparatus Lifting gear 4,1 top left side of bottom plate are provided with the first slide 2, and in being vertically arranged, the first slide 2 is equipped with to be risen the first slide 2 Falling unit 4, sampling apparatus 3 is connected with the moving parts of lifting gear 4, and sampling apparatus 3 is located at the left side of lifting gear 4.

Sampling apparatus 3 includes motor 31, bearing block 32, bull stick 33, drill bit 34, the first bracing wire 35, the first guide sleeve 36, drawing Ring 37, circular frame 38, cylinder 39, pulley 312, the second guide sleeve 313, fixed plate 314, motion bar 316 and spring 317, lifting dress Put and motor 31 is connected with 4 moving parts, motor 31 is also associated with axis in being vertically arranged on the moving parts of lifting gear 4 Bearing 32, bearing block 32 are located at the lower section of motor 31, are provided with bull stick 33 in bearing block 32, the output shaft of motor 31 passes through shaft coupling It is connected with 33 top of bull stick, 33 bottom of bull stick is provided with drill bit 34, and the top of drill bit 34 is provided with circular frame 38, is set in circular frame 38 There is cylinder 39,39 crown center of cylinder is provided with through hole 310, and bull stick 33 is located in through hole 310, right at left and right sides of 39 inner top of cylinder Title is provided with wire guide 311, and the inner side of cylinder 39 is provided with two pulleys 312, symmetrical peace is gone back at left and right sides of 39 inner top of cylinder Equipped with the second guide sleeve 313, the second guide sleeve 313 is equipped with motion bar between left and right sides pulley 312 in second guide sleeve 313 316,316 left end of left side motion bar and 316 right end of right side motion bar are fitted with fixed plate 314, in left and right sides fixed plate 314 Spring 317 is connected between 313 lateral surface of side and the second guide sleeve of the left and right sides, spring 317 is sleeved on motion bar 316, 33 lower part of bull stick left and right sides symmetrical expression is provided with slot 315, and slot 315 coordinates with motion bar 316, and 33 top of bull stick is provided with First guide sleeve 36, the top of the first guide sleeve 36 are equipped with draw ring 37, and fixed plate 314 lateral surface lower part in the left and right sides is connected with the first bracing wire 35,35 tail end of the first bracing wire is connected by the first guide sleeve 36 with draw ring 37 again around pulley 312 by wire guide 311.

Lifting gear 4 includes Electric Motor Wheel 41, driven wheel 42, the second bracing wire 43, the first sliding block 44 and connecting plate 45, and first Slide 2 is equipped with the first sliding block 44 coordinated with it, and the first sliding block 44 is slidably matched with the first slide 2, the left side of the first sliding block 44 Face is provided with connecting plate 45, and 45 left surface top of connecting plate is connected with the right side of motor 31,45 left surface lower part of connecting plate and bearing Seat 32 right flanks connection, 2 leading flank top of the first slide are provided with Electric Motor Wheel 41,2 leading flank lower part of the first slide be provided with from Driving wheel 42,44 top right side of the first sliding block are connected with the second bracing wire 43, and 43 tail end of the second bracing wire bypasses Electric Motor Wheel 41 and driven wheel 42 are connected with 44 bottom right of the first sliding block.

Embodiment 4

Soil sampling equipment is used in a kind of rare earth exploration, as shown in figures 1-8, includes bottom plate 1, the first slide 2,3 and of sampling apparatus Lifting gear 4,1 top left side of bottom plate are provided with the first slide 2, and in being vertically arranged, the first slide 2 is equipped with to be risen the first slide 2 Falling unit 4, sampling apparatus 3 is connected with the moving parts of lifting gear 4, and sampling apparatus 3 is located at the left side of lifting gear 4.

Sampling apparatus 3 includes motor 31, bearing block 32, bull stick 33, drill bit 34, the first bracing wire 35, the first guide sleeve 36, drawing Ring 37, circular frame 38, cylinder 39, pulley 312, the second guide sleeve 313, fixed plate 314, motion bar 316 and spring 317, lifting dress Put and motor 31 is connected with 4 moving parts, motor 31 is also associated with axis in being vertically arranged on the moving parts of lifting gear 4 Bearing 32, bearing block 32 are located at the lower section of motor 31, are provided with bull stick 33 in bearing block 32, the output shaft of motor 31 passes through shaft coupling It is connected with 33 top of bull stick, 33 bottom of bull stick is provided with drill bit 34, and the top of drill bit 34 is provided with circular frame 38, is set in circular frame 38 There is cylinder 39,39 crown center of cylinder is provided with through hole 310, and bull stick 33 is located in through hole 310, right at left and right sides of 39 inner top of cylinder Title is provided with wire guide 311, and the inner side of cylinder 39 is provided with two pulleys 312, symmetrical peace is gone back at left and right sides of 39 inner top of cylinder Equipped with the second guide sleeve 313, the second guide sleeve 313 is equipped with motion bar between left and right sides pulley 312 in second guide sleeve 313 316,316 left end of left side motion bar and 316 right end of right side motion bar are fitted with fixed plate 314, in left and right sides fixed plate 314 Spring 317 is connected between 313 lateral surface of side and the second guide sleeve of the left and right sides, spring 317 is sleeved on motion bar 316, 33 lower part of bull stick left and right sides symmetrical expression is provided with slot 315, and slot 315 coordinates with motion bar 316, and 33 top of bull stick is provided with First guide sleeve 36, the top of the first guide sleeve 36 are equipped with draw ring 37, and fixed plate 314 lateral surface lower part in the left and right sides is connected with the first bracing wire 35,35 tail end of the first bracing wire is connected by the first guide sleeve 36 with draw ring 37 again around pulley 312 by wire guide 311.

Lifting gear 4 includes Electric Motor Wheel 41, driven wheel 42, the second bracing wire 43, the first sliding block 44 and connecting plate 45, and first Slide 2 is equipped with the first sliding block 44 coordinated with it, and the first sliding block 44 is slidably matched with the first slide 2, the left side of the first sliding block 44 Face is provided with connecting plate 45, and 45 left surface top of connecting plate is connected with the right side of motor 31,45 left surface lower part of connecting plate and bearing Seat 32 right flanks connection, 2 leading flank top of the first slide are provided with Electric Motor Wheel 41,2 leading flank lower part of the first slide be provided with from Driving wheel 42,44 top right side of the first sliding block are connected with the second bracing wire 43, and 43 tail end of the second bracing wire bypasses Electric Motor Wheel 41 and driven wheel 42 are connected with 44 bottom right of the first sliding block.

Flusher 5 is further included, flusher 5 includes water tank 51, water pump 52, outlet pipe 53, nozzle 54 and transverse slat 55,2 right flank lower part of the first slide is provided with transverse slat 55, and 55 top left side of transverse slat is provided with water tank 51, bottom, right in water tank 51 Side is provided with water pump 52, and the water outlet of water pump 52 is connected with outlet pipe 53, and 53 tail end of outlet pipe runs through 51 top right side position of water tank In the rear side of the first slide 2,53 tail end of outlet pipe is provided with nozzle 54, and nozzle 54 is located at 34 upper right side of drill bit, nozzle 54 and water outlet Connection in pipe 53.

Collection device 6 is further included, collection device 6 includes the second sliding block 61, the second slide 62, installing plate 63 and collects Frame 64, the front side of the first slide 2 are equipped with the second slide 62, and in being horizontally disposed with, the second slide 62 is equipped with matches somebody with somebody the second slide 62 with it The second sliding block 61 closed, the second sliding block 61 are slidably matched with the second slide 62, before 61 trailing flank of the second sliding block and the first slide 2 Lower part connects, and the second sliding block 61 is located at the lower section of driven wheel 42, and 62 top left side of the second slide is provided with installing plate 63, installing plate 63 Top left side is provided with collection frame 64, and collection frame 64 is located at the lower section of drill bit 34.

Deck 7, the 3rd guide sleeve 8 and inserted link 9 are further included, 1 top right side of bottom plate is provided with deck 7, and the second slide 62 is right Side is provided with the 3rd guide sleeve 8, is equipped with inserted link 9 in the 3rd guide sleeve 8, inserted link 9 coordinates with deck 7.

Electric pushrod 10 and fixed block 11 have been further included, 2 leading flank upper right of the first slide is provided with electric pushrod 10, Electric pushrod 10 is provided with fixed block 11, fixed block 11 is located at the first sliding block in being horizontally disposed with the telescopic rod of electric pushrod 10 44 lower sections are in contact with it.

The first block 12 is further included, 9 top of inserted link left and right sides symmetrical expression is provided with the first block 12.

The second block 13 is further included, the top of installing plate 63 left and right sides is provided with the second block 13, and collection frame 64 is located at Between the second block of the left and right sides 13.

Operation principle:The present apparatus is moved to beside the soil for needing to sample by operating personnel first, and makes sampling apparatus 3 In needing using directly over soil, you can start sampling apparatus 3, restart lifting gear 4, the lifting part band of lifting gear 4 Dynamic sampling apparatus 3 moves down, and then sampling apparatus 3 is moved down in soil, when sampling apparatus 3 is moved to suitable position When, you can lifting gear 4 is closed, and then sampling apparatus 3 samples soil.After the completion of soil sampling, you can start and rise Falling unit 4 drives sampling apparatus 3 to move up recovery to original position, closes lifting gear 4 and sampling apparatus 3, you can by sampling cartridge Put 3 soil take out be detected.

Because sampling apparatus 3 includes motor 31, bearing block 32, bull stick 33, drill bit 34, the first bracing wire 35, the first guide sleeve 36th, draw ring 37, circular frame 38, cylinder 39, pulley 312, the second guide sleeve 313, fixed plate 314, motion bar 316 and spring 317, rise Motor 31 is connected with the moving parts of falling unit 4, motor 31 is also connected with being vertically arranged on the moving parts of lifting gear 4 There is bearing block 32, bearing block 32 is located at the lower section of motor 31, is provided with bull stick 33 in bearing block 32, the output shaft of motor 31 passes through connection Axis device is connected with 33 top of bull stick, and 33 bottom of bull stick is provided with drill bit 34, and the top of drill bit 34 is provided with circular frame 38, circular frame 38 Interior to be equipped with cylinder 39,39 crown center of cylinder is provided with through hole 310, and bull stick 33 is located in through hole 310, and bull stick 33 is located at through hole 310 Interior, symmetrical at left and right sides of 39 inner top of cylinder to be provided with wire guide 311, the inner side of cylinder 39 is provided with two pulleys 312, in cylinder 39 Also symmetrical at left and right sides of top to be provided with the second guide sleeve 313, the second guide sleeve 313 is between left and right sides pulley 312, and the Motion bar 316 is equipped with two guide sleeves 313, motion bar 316 left end in left side is fitted with fixed plate with 316 right end of right side motion bar 314, spring 317 is connected between 313 lateral surface of 314 medial surface of left and right sides fixed plate and the second guide sleeve of the left and right sides, Spring 317 is sleeved on motion bar 316, and symmetrical expression is provided with slot 315, slot 315 and motion bar at left and right sides of 33 lower part of bull stick 316 coordinate, and 33 top of bull stick is provided with the first guide sleeve 36, and the top of the first guide sleeve 36 is equipped with draw ring 37, left and right sides fixed plate 314 Lateral surface lower part is connected with the first bracing wire 35, and 35 tail end of the first bracing wire is led by first again around pulley 312 by wire guide 311 Set 36 is connected with draw ring 37, when the present apparatus is beside the soil for needing to sample, you can and start motor 31 and rotate, 31 turns of motor Dynamic to drive bull stick 33 to rotate, bull stick 33, which rotates, drives drill bit 34 to rotate, and operating personnel can start lifting gear 4 and drive motor 31 Move down, and then drive drill bit 34 to move down, drill bit 34, which moves down, to be pierced in soil, when drill bit 34 is moved downward to conjunction When right position is put, lifting gear 4 is closed, you can pull draw ring 37 to move up, draw ring 37 moves upwardly through 35 band of the first bracing wire Dynamic left and right sides motion bar 316 is displaced outwardly, and left and right sides motion bar 316 is displaced outwardly not in slot 315, spring 317 Compression, and then left and right sides motion bar 316 is displaced outwardly driving cylinder 39 to move up, cylinder 39 is moved up not positioned at circle In frame 38, draw ring 37 is stopped drag, and then soil is fallen in circular frame 38.When soil is fallen in circular frame 38, you can Startup lifting gear 4, which moves up, drives drill bit 34 to move up recovery to original position, closes lifting gear 4 and motor 31, operation Soil can be taken out and is detected by personnel out of circular frame 38, and because of the influence of gravity, cylinder 39 moves down recovery to original position.

Because lifting gear 4 includes Electric Motor Wheel 41, driven wheel 42, the second bracing wire 43, the first sliding block 44 and connecting plate 45, First slide 2 is equipped with the first sliding block 44 coordinated with it, and the first sliding block 44 is slidably matched with the first slide 2, the first sliding block 44 Left surface is provided with connecting plate 45, and 45 left surface top of connecting plate be connected with the right side of motor 31,45 left surface lower part of connecting plate and 32 right flank of bearing block connects, and 2 leading flank top of the first slide is provided with Electric Motor Wheel 41, the installation of 2 leading flank lower part of the first slide Have a driven wheel 42,44 top right side of the first sliding block is connected with the second bracing wire 43,43 tail end of the second bracing wire around Electric Motor Wheel 41 and from Driving wheel 42 is connected with 44 bottom right of the first sliding block, and when drill bit 34 rotates, operating personnel can start Electric Motor Wheel 41 and invert, into And the second bracing wire 43 pulls the first sliding block 44 to move down, the first sliding block 44, which moves down, drives connecting plate 45 to move down, even Fishplate bar 45, which moves down, drives motor 31 to move down, and then drives drill bit 34 to move down, and drill bit 34 is moved down to soil Sampled.Similarly, after the completion of soil sampling, you can start Electric Motor Wheel 41 and rotate forward, and then it is extensive to drive drill bit 34 to move up It is multiple extremely in situ, close electronic reel, you can soil is taken out and is detected.

Because having further included flusher 5, flusher 5 includes water tank 51, water pump 52, outlet pipe 53,54 and of nozzle Transverse slat 55,2 right flank lower part of the first slide are provided with transverse slat 55, and 55 top left side of transverse slat is provided with water tank 51, bottom in water tank 51 Water pump 52 is installed on the right side of portion, the water outlet of water pump 52 is connected with outlet pipe 53, and 53 tail end of outlet pipe runs through 51 top right of water tank Side is located at the rear side of the first slide 2, and 53 tail end of outlet pipe is provided with nozzle 54, and nozzle 54 be located at 34 upper right side of drill bit, nozzle 54 and Connection, first pours into water in water tank 51 in outlet pipe 53, after soil takes out out of circular frame 38, you can start water pump 52, Water in water tank 51 is pumped into outlet pipe 53 by water pump 52, and then the water in outlet pipe 53 is sprayed by nozzle 54, water ejection pair Drill bit 34 is rinsed with circular frame 38.After the completion of drill bit 34 and circular frame 38 rinse, you can switch off the pump 52.In this way, can Prevent the sampling of remaining soil Influence To Soil next time.

Because having further included collection device 6, collection device 6 includes the second sliding block 61, the second slide 62,63 and of installing plate Collection frame 64, the front side of the first slide 2 are equipped with the second slide 62, the second slide 62 in horizontally disposed, the second slide 62 equipped with Its second sliding block 61 coordinated, the second sliding block 61 are slidably matched with the second slide 62,61 trailing flank of the second sliding block and the first slide 2 Front lower connects, and the second sliding block 61 is located at the lower section of driven wheel 42, and 62 top left side of the second slide is provided with installing plate 63, installs 63 top left side of plate is provided with collection frame 64, and collection frame 64 is located at the lower section of drill bit 34, and after soil takes out, operating personnel can push away Dynamic collection frame 64 is moved to the left, when collection frame 64 is located at 34 underface of drill bit, you can is stopped promoting collection frame 64, and then will be taken Under soil be put into collection frame 64.When soil is entirely located in collection frame 64, you can promote collection frame 64 to move right extensive It is multiple extremely in situ.In this way, operating personnel can be made more easily to be collected detection to soil.

Because having further included deck 7, the 3rd guide sleeve 8 and inserted link 9,1 top right side of bottom plate is provided with deck 7, the second slide 62 right flanks are provided with the 3rd guide sleeve 8, and inserted link 9 is equipped with the 3rd guide sleeve 8, and inserted link 9 coordinates with deck 7, when drill bit 34 is to moving up When moving to suitable position, you can pull inserted link 9 to move up, and then inserted link 9 is moved up and departed from deck 7, you can promote and receive Collection frame 64 is moved to the left positioned at the lower section of drill bit 34.When soil is located in collection frame 64, and the recovery that moves right is to original position, you can Inserted link 9 is inserted into deck 7, and then inserted link 9 coordinates with deck 7 and fixes the second slide 62, and then drive collection frame 64 to fix. In this way, it can prevent collection frame 64 from moving.

Because having further included electric pushrod 10 and fixed block 11,2 leading flank upper right of the first slide is provided with electronic push away Bar 10, electric pushrod 10 are provided with fixed block 11 in being horizontally disposed with the telescopic rod of electric pushrod 10, fixed block 11 is located at first The lower section of sliding block 44 is in contact with it, and when drill bit 34 rotates, the telescopic rod that operating personnel can start electric pushrod 10 shortens, electronic The telescopic rod of push rod 10, which shortens, drives fixed block 11 to move right, and fixed block 11 moves right and do not contacted with the first sliding block 44, i.e., Electric Motor Wheel 41 can be started to invert, and then drive drill bit 34 to move down and soil is sampled.After the completion of soil sampling, and the When one sliding block 44 is moved to original position, you can start the telescopic rod elongation of electric pushrod 10, and then drive fixed block 11 to be moved to the left Recovery is supported the first sliding block 44 to original position, closes electric pushrod 10.In this way, the bearing capacity of the first sliding block 44 can be made It is stronger.

Because having further included the first block 12,9 top of inserted link left and right sides symmetrical expression is provided with the first block 12, when slotting When bar 9 is located in the 3rd guide sleeve 8, the first block 12 is supported inserted link 9, and then prevents inserted link 9 from dropping out of the 3rd guide sleeve 8 Go out.

Because having further included the second block 13, the top of installing plate 63 left and right sides is provided with the second block 13, collection frame 64 Between the second block of the left and right sides 13, when collection frame 64 moves, the second block 13 blocks collection frame 64, and prevents from receiving Collection frame 64 drops from installing plate 63.

Embodiment described above only expresses the preferred embodiment of the present invention, its description is more specific and detailed, but simultaneously Therefore the limitation to the scope of the claims of the present invention cannot be interpreted as.It should be pointed out that for those of ordinary skill in the art For, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, some deformations can also be made, improves and substitutes, these belong to this hair Bright protection domain.Therefore, the protection domain of patent of the present invention should be determined by the appended claims.

Claims (9)

1. soil sampling equipment is used in a kind of rare earth exploration, it is characterised in that includes bottom plate(1), the first slide(2), sampling cartridge Put(3)And lifting gear(4), bottom plate(1)Top left side is provided with the first slide(2), the first slide(2)In being vertically arranged, One slide(2)It is equipped with lifting gear(4), lifting gear(4)Moving parts on be connected with sampling apparatus(3), sampling apparatus (3)Positioned at lifting gear(4)Left side.
2. soil sampling equipment is used in a kind of rare earth exploration according to claim 1, it is characterised in that sampling apparatus(3)Bag Motor is included(31), bearing block(32), bull stick(33), drill bit(34), the first bracing wire(35), the first guide sleeve(36), draw ring(37)、 Circular frame(38), cylinder(39), pulley(312), the second guide sleeve(313), fixed plate(314), motion bar(316)And spring (317), lifting gear(4)Moving parts on be connected with motor(31), motor(31)In being vertically arranged, lifting gear(4)'s Bearing block is also associated with moving parts(32), bearing block(32)Positioned at motor(31)Lower section, bearing block(32)Inside it is provided with and turns Bar(33), motor(31)Output shaft pass through shaft coupling and bull stick(33)Top connects, bull stick(33)Bottom is provided with drill bit (34), drill bit(34)Top is provided with circular frame(38), circular frame(38)It is interior to be equipped with cylinder(39), cylinder(39)Crown center is opened There is through hole(310), bull stick(33)Positioned at through hole(310)It is interior, cylinder(39)Symmetrically wire guide is provided with left and right sides of inner top (311), cylinder(39)Inner side is provided with two pulleys(312), cylinder(39)It is also symmetrical at left and right sides of inner top to be provided with Second guide sleeve(313), the second guide sleeve(313)Positioned at left and right sides pulley(312)Between, the second guide sleeve(313)It is interior to be equipped with activity Bar(316), left side motion bar(316)Left end and right side motion bar(316)Right end is fitted with fixed plate(314), the left and right sides Fixed plate(314)Medial surface and the second guide sleeve of the left and right sides(313)Spring is connected between lateral surface(317), spring (317)It is sleeved on motion bar(316)On, bull stick(33)Symmetrical expression is provided with slot at left and right sides of lower part(315), slot(315)With Motion bar(316)Coordinate, bull stick(33)Top is provided with the first guide sleeve(36), the first guide sleeve(36)Top is equipped with draw ring(37), Left and right sides fixed plate(314)Lateral surface lower part is connected with the first bracing wire(35), the first bracing wire(35)Tail end bypasses pulley(312) Pass through wire guide(311)Pass through the first guide sleeve again(36)With draw ring(37)Connection.
3. soil sampling equipment is used in a kind of rare earth exploration according to claim 2, it is characterised in that lifting gear(4)Bag Electric Motor Wheel is included(41), driven wheel(42), the second bracing wire(43), the first sliding block(44)And connecting plate(45), the first slide(2)On Equipped with the first sliding block coordinated with it(44), the first sliding block(44)With the first slide(2)It is slidably matched, the first sliding block(44)Left side Face is provided with connecting plate(45), connecting plate(45)Left surface top and motor(31)Right side connects, connecting plate(45)Under left surface Portion and bearing block(32)Right flank connects, the first slide(2)Leading flank top is provided with Electric Motor Wheel(41), the first slide(2)Before Side lower is provided with driven wheel(42), the first sliding block(44)Top right side is connected with the second bracing wire(43), the second bracing wire(43) Tail end bypasses Electric Motor Wheel(41)And driven wheel(42)With the first sliding block(44)Bottom right connects.
4. soil sampling equipment is used in a kind of rare earth exploration according to claim 3, it is characterised in that has further included flushing dress Put(5), flusher(5)Include water tank(51), water pump(52), outlet pipe(53), nozzle(54)And transverse slat(55), first slides Rail(2)Right flank lower part is provided with transverse slat(55), transverse slat(55)Top left side is provided with water tank(51), water tank(51)Interior bottom, right Side is provided with water pump(52), water pump(52)Water outlet be connected with outlet pipe(53), outlet pipe(53)Tail end runs through water tank(51) Top right side is located at the first slide(2)Rear side, outlet pipe(53)Tail end is provided with nozzle(54), nozzle(54)Positioned at drill bit(34) Upper right side, nozzle(54)With outlet pipe(53)Interior connection.
5. soil sampling equipment is used in a kind of rare earth exploration according to claim 4, it is characterised in that has further included collection dress Put(6), collection device(6)Include the second sliding block(61), the second slide(62), installing plate(63)And collection frame(64), first Slide(2)Front side is equipped with the second slide(62), the second slide(62)In horizontally disposed, the second slide(62)It is equipped with and coordinates with it The second sliding block(61), the second sliding block(61)With the second slide(62)It is slidably matched, the second sliding block(61)Slided with first trailing flank Rail(2)Front lower connects, the second sliding block(61)Positioned at driven wheel(42)Lower section, the second slide(62)Top left side is provided with Loading board(63), installing plate(63)Top left side is provided with collection frame(64), collection frame(64)Positioned at drill bit(34)Lower section.
6. soil sampling equipment is used in a kind of rare earth exploration according to claim 5, it is characterised in that has further included deck (7), the 3rd guide sleeve(8)And inserted link(9), bottom plate(1)Top right side is provided with deck(7), the second slide(62)Right flank is installed There is the 3rd guide sleeve(8), the 3rd guide sleeve(8)It is interior to be equipped with inserted link(9), inserted link(9)With deck(7)Coordinate.
7. soil sampling equipment is used in a kind of rare earth exploration according to claim 6, it is characterised in that has further included electronic push away Bar(10)And fixed block(11), the first slide(2)Leading flank upper right is provided with electric pushrod(10), electric pushrod(10)It is in It is horizontally disposed, electric pushrod(10)Telescopic rod on fixed block is installed(11), fixed block(11)Positioned at the first sliding block(44)Under Side is in contact with it.
8. soil sampling equipment is used in a kind of rare earth exploration according to claim 7, it is characterised in that has further included first gear Block(12), inserted link(9)Symmetrical expression is provided with the first block at left and right sides of top(12).
9. soil sampling equipment is used in a kind of rare earth exploration according to claim 8, it is characterised in that has further included second gear Block(13), installing plate(63)The second block is installed at left and right sides of top(13), collection frame(64)Positioned at left and right sides second gear Block(13)Between.
CN201711412049.8A 2017-12-23 2017-12-23 Soil sampling equipment for rare earth exploration CN107957349B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN107957349B CN107957349B (en) 2020-08-04

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103398868B (en) * 2013-01-11 2015-12-23 河北科技大学 A kind of collecting soil sample mechanical hook-up of certain depth soil layer
CN105259319A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-01-20 常州亚各来德机电设备制造有限公司 Sampler for electrical equipment
CN205067132U (en) * 2015-10-23 2016-03-02 佛山市华实环境工程设计有限公司 A soil sample collector
CN206020069U (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-03-15 王宇阳 A kind of soil collecting device
CN106644567A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-10 刘德平 Surface soil sampling device for environmental detection
CN106769181A (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-05-31 杨田文 A kind of environment measuring soil effective sampling device
CN106769188A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-31 浙江安控科技有限公司 A kind of Soil K+adsorption rapid sampling attachment
CN206270088U (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-06-20 哈尔滨师范大学 A kind of soil collects sampling apparatus
CN206488942U (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-09-12 南华大学 A kind of separator in soil sample equipment

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103398868B (en) * 2013-01-11 2015-12-23 河北科技大学 A kind of collecting soil sample mechanical hook-up of certain depth soil layer
CN205067132U (en) * 2015-10-23 2016-03-02 佛山市华实环境工程设计有限公司 A soil sample collector
CN105259319A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-01-20 常州亚各来德机电设备制造有限公司 Sampler for electrical equipment
CN206020069U (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-03-15 王宇阳 A kind of soil collecting device
CN106644567A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-10 刘德平 Surface soil sampling device for environmental detection
CN106769181A (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-05-31 杨田文 A kind of environment measuring soil effective sampling device
CN206270088U (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-06-20 哈尔滨师范大学 A kind of soil collects sampling apparatus
CN106769188A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-31 浙江安控科技有限公司 A kind of Soil K+adsorption rapid sampling attachment
CN206488942U (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-09-12 南华大学 A kind of separator in soil sample equipment

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