CN107938873A - A kind of high-performance fire-resistant plate and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of high-performance fire-resistant plate and preparation method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107938873A
CN107938873A CN201711227316.4A CN201711227316A CN107938873A CN 107938873 A CN107938873 A CN 107938873A CN 201711227316 A CN201711227316 A CN 201711227316A CN 107938873 A CN107938873 A CN 107938873A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
fire
plate
proof
skeleton
Prior art date
Application number
CN201711227316.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱建群
Original Assignee
宁波宫铁智能科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 宁波宫铁智能科技有限公司 filed Critical 宁波宫铁智能科技有限公司
Priority to CN201711227316.4A priority Critical patent/CN107938873A/en
Publication of CN107938873A publication Critical patent/CN107938873A/en

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/30Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing magnesium cements or similar cements
    • C04B28/32Magnesium oxychloride cements, e.g. Sorel cement
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B30/00Compositions for artificial stone, not containing binders
    • C04B30/02Compositions for artificial stone, not containing binders containing fibrous materials
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/92Protection against other undesired influences or dangers
    • E04B1/94Protection against other undesired influences or dangers against fire
    • E04B1/941Building elements specially adapted therefor
    • E04B1/942Building elements specially adapted therefor slab-shaped
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/28Fire resistance, i.e. materials resistant to accidental fires or high temperatures

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of high-performance fire-resistant plate and preparation method thereof, belong to fireproof material technology field.Fire-proof board includes plate core, fire-proof plate, decoration panel successively from inside to outside, and plate core is made of skeleton and the filler being filled between skeleton, and the component and its parts by weight of filler are:100 500 parts of perlite, 100 200 parts of greasy filth ash, 50 150 parts of tobermorite, 30 50 parts of sodium metasilicate, 10 20 parts of chlorine oxygen magnesium, 500 1000 parts of water, wherein greasy filth ash composition and its parts by weight are:50 150 parts of shale brick dust, 20 40 parts of kaolin, 30 50 parts of straw ash, 10 20 parts of white lime, 10 30 parts of tung oil, 30 50 parts of amylan, 100 200 parts of water.Meanwhile to prepare skeleton, plate core filling, the preparation of 3 big step of presswork progress fire-proof board.The collaboration facilitation of a variety of refractory materials, can more lift the synthesized attribute of fire-proof board.And the sandwich construction of fire-proof board is compressing by pressure, close structure, good airproof performance.

Description

A kind of high-performance fire-resistant plate and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of high-performance fire-resistant plate and preparation method thereof, belong to fire proofing material field.

Background technology

Fire proofing material refers to that various prevent fires the modern times plays the role of material that is critical, being chiefly used in building, including anti- Fiery plate, fire-proof board etc..The performance that fire proofing material, which has, to be prevented or retard flame is spread, usually there is incombustible material and nonflammable material Two classes.Incombustible material will not burn.Though nonflammable material incendivity, has anti-flammability, i.e., difficult on fire, difficult charing, is moved in burning things which may cause a fire disaster Opening after-combustion can stop.

From human knowledge and using fire after, fire just become we live, production in inalienable part.Either Forest is naturally on fire, or because of electrical fire, and fire takes place frequently life in our life intermediate frequencies, this just promotes us to think deeply and studies anti- Fire, refractory material.

Fire-proof board as we live production in common instrument, usually select alloy be combined with timber, fill out at the same time The material insensitive to fire is filled, to play the purpose for preventing fire spreading.But traditional fire-proof board alloy fire resistance itself Low, filler is difficult to persistently resist flame calcination, and flameproof effect is bad.

It is low for traditional fire-proof board fire resistance, prevent fires the shortcomings of passive, publication number 104929499A discloses one Kind passes through the hopper for being additionally provided with dry powder, dry powder to be utilized to carry out active suppression in fire.However, in real fire Calamity scene, by the subsidiary dry powder of fire-proof board, its effect can be ignored, it is difficult to provide the time to flee from.

The content of the invention

For above-mentioned problem, the present invention provides the fire-proof board heat-insulated, intensity is high, flameproof effect is good.

To achieve these goals, the present invention uses following technical scheme:

A kind of high-performance fire-resistant plate, includes plate core, fire-proof plate, decoration panel, the plate core is by bone successively from inside to outside Frame and the filler composition being filled between skeleton, the component and its parts by weight of the filler are:Perlite 100-500 Part, 100-200 parts of greasy filth ash, 50-150 parts of tobermorite, 30-50 parts of sodium metasilicate, 10-20 parts of chlorine oxygen magnesium, water 500-1000 Part.

In traditional fire-proof board material selection, the frame usually based on high-melting-point alloy, coordinates other single Fire-resistant packing material, is made after carrying out simple combination.Not only weight is larger, but also cost is higher, while its fire resisting effect is not Ideal, the thermal conductivity of metal can cause the secondary injury of personnel in fire.And in the present invention using Multi-layer fire protection material splicing and Into again wherein the plate core of innermost layer uses special material mixing tanning, and fire-proof and thermal-insulation effect is fabulous.Greasy filth ash is as classical fire resisting Material, the present invention greatly improve its fire protecting performance by varying its component prescription while cost is reduced.Tobermorite It is a kind of hydrated calcium silicate mineral, containing absorption water and the crystallization water, there is good adiabatic thermal insulation property, in fire spreading, Absorption water and the crystallization water therein can be discharged, flame temperature is effectively reduced, delays fire spreading.And sodium metasilicate is with chlorine oxygen magnesium Common cement main component, itself possesses good fire protecting performance, while also has higher intensity, lifts the comprehensive of fire-proof board Close performance.

Preferably, greasy filth ash composition and its parts by weight are in the filler:50-150 parts of shale brick dust, kaolinite 20-40 parts native, 30-50 parts of straw ash, 10-20 parts of white lime, 10-30 parts of tung oil, 30-50 parts of amylan, 100-200 parts of water. Shale brick has the characteristics that intensity high, insulation, heat-insulated, and kaolin is the main component of ceramics in itself, pole flame resistant calcination, together The strong adhesive force of Shi Peihe tung oil, it is heat-resisting the features such as, the collaboration facilitation of a variety of refractory materials, can more be lifted greasy filth ash it is comprehensive Close attribute.

Further preferably, the preparation method of greasy filth ash is additionally provided:Stalk is first burnt into ash in stove, then by shale Brick and kaolin are milled into powder, and then mixed straw ash, brick dust, kaolin and white lime, pour into tung oil, stir evenly, then The amylan that addition is converted with water tune, quickly stirs into pasty mixture.Greasy filth ash is manufactured separately and can effectively play in formula The performance of various raw materials, avoids contacting with other materials before reaction is completed and is affected.

Preferably, the component and its parts by weight of fire-proof plate are:100-200 parts of silicon nitride, aerosil 100-150 parts, 50-100 parts of glass fibre.The material of fire-proof plate no longer follows traditional wooden or alloy type material, use with Silicon nitride is supporting frame, its toughness of addition glass fiber reinforcement, and is attached to SiO2 aeroges using Vacuum infusion techniques On frame, the composite material with nano-pore is formed, there is extremely strong high-temperature stability.

Preferably, the decoration panel of fire-proof board is melamine decorative veneer.Melamine itself is non-ignitable, and has certain Reduce the function of heat transfer.

Preferably, the solar absorber surface is also coated by 1-3 layers of aramid fiber film.Aramid fiber is a kind of high-strength and high-modulus amount Fiber, weight is small and intensity is high, while has fabulous fire resistance.The structure of plate core filler is irregular because of perlite Arrange and cause surface irregularity, its planarization is adjusted by coating aramid fiber.

Preferably, the skeleton of fire-proof board uses wood materials to improve its toughness.Most of nonflammable timber Skeleton can be used as, Liu An, pine or the nanmu that skeleton of the present invention uses, are the preferable incombustible materials of property in timber, not only Support strength is high, and low to flame sensitiveness.

The present invention additionally provides another technical solution while reasonable selection material mixture ratio:

A kind of preparation method of high-performance fire-resistant plate, the method include the following steps:

(1) skeleton is prepared:Dried timber is processed into specification material, and carries out vacuum pressure flame retardant treatment, then is carried out Redrying, skeleton is assembled into after trimmed;

(2) plate core is filled:Raw material is weighed by the component and its parts by weight of filler, raw material than water is mixed, Water is slow added into, while add waterside to stir, until in the pasty state, pasty mixture is filled to the gap between skeleton for mixture, Spontaneous curing obtains fire-proof board plate core after pressure-sizing;

(3) presswork:By fire-proof board plate core, fire-proof plate, decoration panel arrangement is followed successively by from inside to outside, apply pressure pressure Fire-proof board finished product is made.

Fire-proof board typically now is simple in structure, is fixed usually using steel nail etc., and plate construction is more during initial stage Firmly, as the increase of usage time, steel nail easily get rusty, so as to cause fire-proof board to deform, it is difficult to reply burst fire.This Invention directly by glue bond of preventing fires, applies external pressure and is kept for certain time, make to combine closely between each level, at the same time Good sealing performance is kept, for the fire proofing material inside plate, isolation and air etc. contact, and extend its service life.

Preferably, in step (1), vacuum is less than 10 in vacuum pressure flame retardant treatment-2Pa, pressure 50- 100MPa, the dosage of solid flame retardant is 110-150kg/m3.Wherein solid flame retardant is magnesium hydroxide, silica, three oxygen Change the one or more in two antimony.

Preferably, in step (3), the fire-proof board plate core is with fire-proof plate, fire-proof plate and decoration panel by anti- Fiery gluing knot.Avoid the fire-proof board caused by the fasteners such as iron nail get rusty from deforming, reduce safety coefficient.

Preferably, the pressure in pressure-sizing and step (3) in step (2) is 150-250MPa, the pressing time is equal For 12-30h.The fire-proof board to be formed, close structure, good airproof performance are pressed by pressure.

Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:

(1) greasy filth ash is big while cost is reduced by varying its component prescription as classical refractory material, the present invention Its fire protecting performance is improved greatly.

(2) tobermorite has good adiabatic thermal insulation property, in fire spreading, can discharge absorption water therein And the crystallization water, flame temperature is effectively reduced, delays fire spreading.

(3) the collaboration facilitation of a variety of refractory materials, can more lift the synthesized attribute of fire-proof board.

(4) sandwich construction of fire-proof board is compressing by pressure, close structure, good airproof performance.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the present invention;

Wherein 1. wooden skeletons;2. filler;3. fire-proof plate;4. decoration panel

Embodiment

Below by embodiment, the present invention is further described with attached drawing;

As shown in Figure 1, a kind of high-performance fire-resistant plate, includes plate core, fire-proof plate, decoration panel, plate core successively from inside to outside It is made of skeleton and the filler being filled between skeleton.

It is the specific embodiment of the present invention below, technical scheme is further described, but the present invention is simultaneously It is not limited to these embodiments.

Embodiment 1

Prepare skeleton:High-quality pine is chosen, through drying process post-processing into specification material, specification material is placed in vacuum environment In, it is uniform mixed powder of the layer overlay containing magnesium hydroxide, silica on specification material less than 0.01Pa to control vacuum End, the dosage of mixed-powder is 130kg/m3, then 75MPa is slowly applied pressure to, and redrying is carried out after keeping 5h, it is trimmed After be assembled into fire-proof board skeleton.

It is prepared by greasy filth ash:Greasy filth ash chooses raw material by its component and parts by weight:100 parts of shale brick dust, 30 parts of kaolin, 40 parts of straw ash, 15 parts of white lime, 20 parts of tung oil, 40 parts of amylan, 150 parts of water.Specifically preparation process is:First by stalk in fire Ash is burnt into stove, then shale brick and kaolin are milled into powder, then mixed straw ash, brick dust, kaolin and white lime, Tung oil is poured into, is stirred evenly, adds the amylan converted with water tune, quickly stirs into pasty mixture, it is stand-by.

Plate core is filled:Raw material is weighed by the component and its parts by weight of filler:300 parts of perlite, greasy filth ash 150 parts, 100 parts of tobermorite, 40 parts of sodium metasilicate, 15 parts of chlorine oxygen magnesium, 750 parts of water.Raw material than water is mixed, is slow added into Water, while adding waterside to stir, until mixture is in the pasty state, pasty mixture is filled to the gap between skeleton, applies 200MPa Pressure carries out pressure-sizing processing, keeps 20h, and 2 layers of aramid fiber film are coated after spontaneous curing and obtain fire-proof board plate core.

Presswork:Arranged by fire-proof board plate core, fire-proof plate, decoration panel is followed successively by from inside to outside, fire-proof board plate core With fire-proof plate, fire-proof plate and decoration panel by gluing knot of preventing fires, then apply 200MPa pressure compacting 20h after fire-proof board into Product.

Embodiment 2

Prepare skeleton:High-quality pine is chosen, through drying process post-processing into specification material, specification material is placed in vacuum environment In, it is uniform mixed powder of the layer overlay containing magnesium hydroxide, silica on specification material less than 0.01Pa to control vacuum End, the dosage of mixed-powder is 110kg/m3, then 50MPa is slowly applied pressure to, and redrying is carried out after keeping 3h, it is trimmed After be assembled into fire-proof board skeleton.

It is prepared by greasy filth ash:Greasy filth ash chooses raw material by its component and parts by weight:100 parts of shale brick dust, 30 parts of kaolin, 40 parts of straw ash, 15 parts of white lime, 20 parts of tung oil, 40 parts of amylan, 150 parts of water.Specifically preparation process is:First by stalk in fire Ash is burnt into stove, then shale brick and kaolin are milled into powder, then mixed straw ash, brick dust, kaolin and white lime, Tung oil is poured into, is stirred evenly, adds the amylan converted with water tune, quickly stirs into pasty mixture, it is stand-by.

Plate core is filled:Raw material is weighed by the component and its parts by weight of filler:300 parts of perlite, greasy filth ash 150 parts, 100 parts of tobermorite, 40 parts of sodium metasilicate, 15 parts of chlorine oxygen magnesium, 750 parts of water.Raw material than water is mixed, is slow added into Water, while adding waterside to stir, until mixture is in the pasty state, pasty mixture is filled to the gap between skeleton, applies 200MPa Pressure carries out pressure-sizing processing, keeps 20h, and 2 layers of aramid fiber film are coated after spontaneous curing and obtain fire-proof board plate core.

Presswork:Arranged by fire-proof board plate core, fire-proof plate, decoration panel is followed successively by from inside to outside, fire-proof board plate core With fire-proof plate, fire-proof plate and decoration panel by gluing knot of preventing fires, then apply 200MPa pressure compacting 20h after fire-proof board into Product.

Embodiment 3

Prepare skeleton:High-quality pine is chosen, through drying process post-processing into specification material, specification material is placed in vacuum environment In, it is uniform mixed powder of the layer overlay containing magnesium hydroxide, silica on specification material less than 0.01Pa to control vacuum End, the dosage of mixed-powder is 150kg/m3, then 100MPa is slowly applied pressure to, redrying is carried out after keeping 7h, through repairing Fire-proof board skeleton is assembled into after whole.

It is prepared by greasy filth ash:Greasy filth ash chooses raw material by its component and parts by weight:100 parts of shale brick dust, 30 parts of kaolin, 40 parts of straw ash, 15 parts of white lime, 20 parts of tung oil, 40 parts of amylan, 150 parts of water.Specifically preparation process is:First by stalk in fire Ash is burnt into stove, then shale brick and kaolin are milled into powder, then mixed straw ash, brick dust, kaolin and white lime, Tung oil is poured into, is stirred evenly, adds the amylan converted with water tune, quickly stirs into pasty mixture, it is stand-by.

Plate core is filled:Raw material is weighed by the component and its parts by weight of filler:300 parts of perlite, greasy filth ash 150 parts, 100 parts of tobermorite, 40 parts of sodium metasilicate, 15 parts of chlorine oxygen magnesium, 750 parts of water.Raw material than water is mixed, is slow added into Water, while adding waterside to stir, until mixture is in the pasty state, pasty mixture is filled to the gap between skeleton, applies 200MPa Pressure carries out pressure-sizing processing, keeps 20h, and 2 layers of aramid fiber film are coated after spontaneous curing and obtain fire-proof board plate core.

Presswork:Arranged by fire-proof board plate core, fire-proof plate, decoration panel is followed successively by from inside to outside, fire-proof board plate core With fire-proof plate, fire-proof plate and decoration panel by gluing knot of preventing fires, then apply 200MPa pressure compacting 20h after fire-proof board into Product.

Embodiment 4

Prepare skeleton:High-quality pine is chosen, through drying process post-processing into specification material, specification material is placed in vacuum environment In, it is uniform mixed powder of the layer overlay containing magnesium hydroxide, silica on specification material less than 0.01Pa to control vacuum End, the dosage of mixed-powder is 130kg/m3, then 75MPa is slowly applied pressure to, and redrying is carried out after keeping 5h, it is trimmed After be assembled into fire-proof board skeleton.

It is prepared by greasy filth ash:Greasy filth ash chooses raw material by its component and parts by weight:50 parts of shale brick dust, 20 parts of kaolin, 30 parts of straw ash, 10 parts of white lime, 10 parts of tung oil, 30 parts of amylan, 100 parts of water.Specifically preparation process is:First by stalk in fire Ash is burnt into stove, then shale brick and kaolin are milled into powder, then mixed straw ash, brick dust, kaolin and white lime, Tung oil is poured into, is stirred evenly, adds the amylan converted with water tune, quickly stirs into pasty mixture, it is stand-by.

Plate core is filled:Raw material is weighed by the component and its parts by weight of filler:300 parts of perlite, greasy filth ash 150 parts, 100 parts of tobermorite, 40 parts of sodium metasilicate, 15 parts of chlorine oxygen magnesium, 750 parts of water.Raw material than water is mixed, is slow added into Water, while adding waterside to stir, until mixture is in the pasty state, pasty mixture is filled to the gap between skeleton, applies 200MPa Pressure carries out pressure-sizing processing, keeps 20h, and 2 layers of aramid fiber film are coated after spontaneous curing and obtain fire-proof board plate core.

Presswork:Arranged by fire-proof board plate core, fire-proof plate, decoration panel is followed successively by from inside to outside, fire-proof board plate core With fire-proof plate, fire-proof plate and decoration panel by gluing knot of preventing fires, then apply 200MPa pressure compacting 20h after fire-proof board into Product.

Embodiment 5

Prepare skeleton:High-quality pine is chosen, through drying process post-processing into specification material, specification material is placed in vacuum environment In, it is uniform mixed powder of the layer overlay containing magnesium hydroxide, silica on specification material less than 0.01Pa to control vacuum End, the dosage of mixed-powder is 130kg/m3, then 75MPa is slowly applied pressure to, and redrying is carried out after keeping 5h, it is trimmed After be assembled into fire-proof board skeleton.

It is prepared by greasy filth ash:Greasy filth ash chooses raw material by its component and parts by weight:150 parts of shale brick dust, 40 parts of kaolin, 50 parts of straw ash, 20 parts of white lime, 30 parts of tung oil, 50 parts of amylan, 200 parts of water.Specifically preparation process is:First by stalk in fire Ash is burnt into stove, then shale brick and kaolin are milled into powder, then mixed straw ash, brick dust, kaolin and white lime, Tung oil is poured into, is stirred evenly, adds the amylan converted with water tune, quickly stirs into pasty mixture, it is stand-by.

Plate core is filled:Raw material is weighed by the component and its parts by weight of filler:300 parts of perlite, greasy filth ash 150 parts, 100 parts of tobermorite, 40 parts of sodium metasilicate, 15 parts of chlorine oxygen magnesium, 750 parts of water.Raw material than water is mixed, is slow added into Water, while adding waterside to stir, until mixture is in the pasty state, pasty mixture is filled to the gap between skeleton, applies 200MPa Pressure carries out pressure-sizing processing, keeps 20h, and 2 layers of aramid fiber film are coated after spontaneous curing and obtain fire-proof board plate core.

Presswork:Arranged by fire-proof board plate core, fire-proof plate, decoration panel is followed successively by from inside to outside, fire-proof board plate core With fire-proof plate, fire-proof plate and decoration panel by gluing knot of preventing fires, then apply 200MPa pressure compacting 20h after fire-proof board into Product.

Embodiment 6

Prepare skeleton:High-quality pine is chosen, through drying process post-processing into specification material, specification material is placed in vacuum environment In, it is uniform mixed powder of the layer overlay containing magnesium hydroxide, silica on specification material less than 0.01Pa to control vacuum End, the dosage of mixed-powder is 130kg/m3, then 75MPa is slowly applied pressure to, and redrying is carried out after keeping 5h, it is trimmed After be assembled into fire-proof board skeleton.

It is prepared by greasy filth ash:Greasy filth ash chooses raw material by its component and parts by weight:100 parts of shale brick dust, 30 parts of kaolin, 40 parts of straw ash, 15 parts of white lime, 20 parts of tung oil, 40 parts of amylan, 150 parts of water.Specifically preparation process is:First by stalk in fire Ash is burnt into stove, then shale brick and kaolin are milled into powder, then mixed straw ash, brick dust, kaolin and white lime, Tung oil is poured into, is stirred evenly, adds the amylan converted with water tune, quickly stirs into pasty mixture, it is stand-by.

Plate core is filled:Raw material is weighed by the component and its parts by weight of filler:100 parts of perlite, greasy filth ash 100 parts, 50 parts of tobermorite, 30 parts of sodium metasilicate, 10 parts of chlorine oxygen magnesium, 500 parts of water.Raw material than water is mixed, is slow added into Water, while adding waterside to stir, until mixture is in the pasty state, pasty mixture is filled to the gap between skeleton, applies 150MPa Pressure carries out pressure-sizing processing, keeps 12h, and 1 layer of aramid fiber film is coated after spontaneous curing and obtains fire-proof board plate core.

Presswork:Arranged by fire-proof board plate core, fire-proof plate, decoration panel is followed successively by from inside to outside, fire-proof board plate core With fire-proof plate, fire-proof plate and decoration panel by gluing knot of preventing fires, then apply 200MPa pressure compacting 20h after fire-proof board into Product.

Embodiment 7

Prepare skeleton:High-quality pine is chosen, through drying process post-processing into specification material, specification material is placed in vacuum environment In, it is uniform mixed powder of the layer overlay containing magnesium hydroxide, silica on specification material less than 0.01Pa to control vacuum End, the dosage of mixed-powder is 130kg/m3, then 75MPa is slowly applied pressure to, and redrying is carried out after keeping 5h, it is trimmed After be assembled into fire-proof board skeleton.

It is prepared by greasy filth ash:Greasy filth ash chooses raw material by its component and parts by weight:100 parts of shale brick dust, 30 parts of kaolin, 40 parts of straw ash, 15 parts of white lime, 20 parts of tung oil, 40 parts of amylan, 150 parts of water.Specifically preparation process is:First by stalk in fire Ash is burnt into stove, then shale brick and kaolin are milled into powder, then mixed straw ash, brick dust, kaolin and white lime, Tung oil is poured into, is stirred evenly, adds the amylan converted with water tune, quickly stirs into pasty mixture, it is stand-by.

Plate core is filled:Raw material is weighed by the component and its parts by weight of filler:500 parts of perlite, greasy filth ash 200 parts, 150 parts of tobermorite, 50 parts of sodium metasilicate, 20 parts of chlorine oxygen magnesium, 1000 parts of water.Raw material than water is mixed, then is slowly added Enter water, while adding waterside to stir, until mixture is in the pasty state, pasty mixture is filled to the gap between skeleton, is applied 250MPa pressure carries out pressure-sizing processing, keeps 30h, and 3 layers of aramid fiber film are coated after spontaneous curing and obtain fire-proof board plate core.

Presswork:Arranged by fire-proof board plate core, fire-proof plate, decoration panel is followed successively by from inside to outside, fire-proof board plate core With fire-proof plate, fire-proof plate and decoration panel by gluing knot of preventing fires, then apply 200MPa pressure compacting 20h after fire-proof board into Product.

Embodiment 8

Prepare skeleton:High-quality pine is chosen, through drying process post-processing into specification material, specification material is placed in vacuum environment In, it is uniform mixed powder of the layer overlay containing magnesium hydroxide, silica on specification material less than 0.01Pa to control vacuum End, the dosage of mixed-powder is 130kg/m3, then 75MPa is slowly applied pressure to, and redrying is carried out after keeping 5h, it is trimmed After be assembled into fire-proof board skeleton.

It is prepared by greasy filth ash:Greasy filth ash chooses raw material by its component and parts by weight:100 parts of shale brick dust, 30 parts of kaolin, 40 parts of straw ash, 15 parts of white lime, 20 parts of tung oil, 40 parts of amylan, 150 parts of water.Specifically preparation process is:First by stalk in fire Ash is burnt into stove, then shale brick and kaolin are milled into powder, then mixed straw ash, brick dust, kaolin and white lime, Tung oil is poured into, is stirred evenly, adds the amylan converted with water tune, quickly stirs into pasty mixture, it is stand-by.

Plate core is filled:Raw material is weighed by the component and its parts by weight of filler:300 parts of perlite, greasy filth ash 150 parts, 100 parts of tobermorite, 40 parts of sodium metasilicate, 15 parts of chlorine oxygen magnesium, 750 parts of water.Raw material than water is mixed, is slow added into Water, while adding waterside to stir, until mixture is in the pasty state, pasty mixture is filled to the gap between skeleton, applies 200MPa Pressure carries out pressure-sizing processing, keeps 20h, and 2 layers of aramid fiber film are coated after spontaneous curing and obtain fire-proof board plate core.

Presswork:Arranged by fire-proof board plate core, fire-proof plate, decoration panel is followed successively by from inside to outside, fire-proof board plate core With fire-proof plate, fire-proof plate and decoration panel by gluing knot of preventing fires, then apply 150MPa pressure compacting 12h after fire-proof board into Product.

Embodiment 9

Prepare skeleton:High-quality pine is chosen, through drying process post-processing into specification material, specification material is placed in vacuum environment In, it is uniform mixed powder of the layer overlay containing magnesium hydroxide, silica on specification material less than 0.01Pa to control vacuum End, the dosage of mixed-powder is 130kg/m3, then 75MPa is slowly applied pressure to, and redrying is carried out after keeping 5h, it is trimmed After be assembled into fire-proof board skeleton.

It is prepared by greasy filth ash:Greasy filth ash chooses raw material by its component and parts by weight:100 parts of shale brick dust, 30 parts of kaolin, 40 parts of straw ash, 15 parts of white lime, 20 parts of tung oil, 40 parts of amylan, 150 parts of water.Specifically preparation process is:First by stalk in fire Ash is burnt into stove, then shale brick and kaolin are milled into powder, then mixed straw ash, brick dust, kaolin and white lime, Tung oil is poured into, is stirred evenly, adds the amylan converted with water tune, quickly stirs into pasty mixture, it is stand-by.

Plate core is filled:Raw material is weighed by the component and its parts by weight of filler:300 parts of perlite, greasy filth ash 150 parts, 100 parts of tobermorite, 40 parts of sodium metasilicate, 15 parts of chlorine oxygen magnesium, 750 parts of water.Raw material than water is mixed, is slow added into Water, while adding waterside to stir, until mixture is in the pasty state, pasty mixture is filled to the gap between skeleton, applies 200MPa Pressure carries out pressure-sizing processing, keeps 20h, and 2 layers of aramid fiber film are coated after spontaneous curing and obtain fire-proof board plate core.

Presswork:Arranged by fire-proof board plate core, fire-proof plate, decoration panel is followed successively by from inside to outside, fire-proof board plate core With fire-proof plate, fire-proof plate and decoration panel by gluing knot of preventing fires, then apply 250MPa pressure compacting 30h after fire-proof board into Product.

Comparative example 1

With differing only in for embodiment 1, sludge containing is not grey for the plate core filler of comparative example 1.

Comparative example 2

With differing only in for embodiment 1, the wooden skeleton of comparative example 2 is without excess pressure flame retardant treatment.

Comparative example 3

With differing only in for embodiment 1, the fire-proof plate of comparative example 3 is common pine material.

Comparative example 4

With differing only in for embodiment 1, when 4 finished product of comparative example, uses steel nail stitching.

Product in embodiment 1-9 and comparative example 1-4 is tested, tests its fire resistance, reliability, impact resistance Can, the results are shown in Table 1:

Table 1:The performance of product in embodiment 1-9 and comparative example 1-4

As can be seen from the table, the addition of greasy filth ash can greatly strengthen the fire resistance of filler, meanwhile, fill out Filling thing, other refractory materials are combined with fire-proof plate etc., can more cooperate with the shock resistance for playing fire-proof board and fire resistance.

It is skilled to this area although having been made a detailed description to the present invention and being cited some specific embodiments For technical staff, as long as it is obvious that can make various changes or correct without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

  1. A kind of 1. high-performance fire-resistant plate, it is characterised in that include plate core, fire-proof plate, decoration panel successively from inside to outside, it is described Plate core is made of skeleton and the filler being filled between skeleton, and the component and its parts by weight of the filler are:Pearl 100-500 parts of rock, 100-200 parts of greasy filth ash, 50-150 parts of tobermorite, 30-50 parts of sodium metasilicate, 10-20 parts of chlorine oxygen magnesium, water 500-1000 parts.
  2. A kind of 2. high-performance fire-resistant plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the greasy filth ash composition and its again Measuring number is:50-150 parts of shale brick dust, 20-40 parts of kaolin, 30-50 parts of straw ash, 10-20 parts of white lime, tung oil 10-30 Part, 30-50 parts of amylan, 100-200 parts of water.
  3. A kind of 3. high-performance fire-resistant plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the component of the fire-proof plate and its again Measuring number is:100-200 parts of silicon nitride, 100-150 parts of aerosil, 50-100 parts of glass fibre.
  4. 4. a kind of high-performance fire-resistant plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that decoration panel is melamine decorative Plate.
  5. 5. a kind of high-performance fire-resistant plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the solar absorber surface is also by 1-3 The aramid fiber film cladding of layer.
  6. 6. a kind of preparation method of high-performance fire-resistant plate, it is characterised in that the method includes the following steps:
    (1) skeleton is prepared:Dried timber is processed into specification material, and carries out vacuum pressure flame retardant treatment, then is carried out secondary It is dry, it is assembled into skeleton after trimmed;
    (2) plate core is filled:Raw material is weighed by the component and its parts by weight of filler, raw material than water is mixed, then delays It is slow to add water, while adding waterside to stir, until in the pasty state, pasty mixture is filled to the gap between skeleton, pressure-sizing for mixture Spontaneous curing obtains fire-proof board plate core afterwards;
    (3) presswork:By fire-proof board plate core, fire-proof plate, decoration panel arrangement is followed successively by from inside to outside, applies pressure and suppress Fire-proof board finished product.
  7. 7. the preparation method of a kind of high-performance fire-resistant plate according to claim 6, it is characterised in that vacuum pressure is fire-retardant Vacuum is less than 10 in processing-2Pa, pressure 50-100MPa, the dosage of solid flame retardant is 110-150kg/m3
  8. A kind of 8. preparation method of high-performance fire-resistant plate according to claim 6, it is characterised in that fire-proof board plate core Pass through gluing knot of preventing fires with fire-proof plate, fire-proof plate and decoration panel.
  9. 9. the preparation method of a kind of high-performance fire-resistant plate according to claim 6, it is characterised in that in step (2) Pressure in pressure-sizing and step (3) is 150-250MPa, and the pressing time is 12-30h.
CN201711227316.4A 2017-11-29 2017-11-29 A kind of high-performance fire-resistant plate and preparation method thereof CN107938873A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711227316.4A CN107938873A (en) 2017-11-29 2017-11-29 A kind of high-performance fire-resistant plate and preparation method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711227316.4A CN107938873A (en) 2017-11-29 2017-11-29 A kind of high-performance fire-resistant plate and preparation method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107938873A true CN107938873A (en) 2018-04-20

Family

ID=61947684

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711227316.4A CN107938873A (en) 2017-11-29 2017-11-29 A kind of high-performance fire-resistant plate and preparation method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107938873A (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1403678A (en) * 2002-10-24 2003-03-19 南京林业大学 Production process of fireproof wooden door
CN101165304A (en) * 2006-10-19 2008-04-23 杨新华 Wooden fireproof door leaf and frame
CN101210472A (en) * 2007-12-25 2008-07-02 重庆民生建材厂 Fire-proof door
CN105064887A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-11-18 浙江采丰木业有限公司 Fireproof door, fireproof door filling substrate and preparation method of fireproof door filling substrate

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1403678A (en) * 2002-10-24 2003-03-19 南京林业大学 Production process of fireproof wooden door
CN101165304A (en) * 2006-10-19 2008-04-23 杨新华 Wooden fireproof door leaf and frame
CN101210472A (en) * 2007-12-25 2008-07-02 重庆民生建材厂 Fire-proof door
CN105064887A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-11-18 浙江采丰木业有限公司 Fireproof door, fireproof door filling substrate and preparation method of fireproof door filling substrate

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
陆法同: "《古代防火材料之研究》", 《火灾科学》 *

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104481101B (en) Inorganic thermal insulating decorative panel and production process thereof
CN1175062C (en) Coating composition for fire-preventing and acoustics use
EP2583954B1 (en) Lightweight mortar prepared with cork granulate
FI78895C (en) Brandskyddsmaterialblandning och dess framstaellning.
CN102888900B (en) Light heat preservation silicon and calcium compound plate
CN102180639B (en) Environment-friendly light heat-insulating material
CA2606950C (en) A building material board and method for producing the same
US20150284638A1 (en) Fireproof composition and fireproof thermal insulation board
US20040194657A1 (en) Fire-retardant coating, method for producing fire-retardant building materials
JP4057361B2 (en) Fireproof insulation board
US20040209009A1 (en) Fire-proof material
CN202509704U (en) Rain-resistant high-strength multifunctional glass magnesium titanium decorative sheet
US9932271B2 (en) Gypsum composites containing cementitious materials and methods
US5534058A (en) Structural products manufactured from fly ash
KR100473347B1 (en) Incombustible panel composite used lightweight aggregate
CA1279877C (en) High-strength, fire-resistant gypsum composition
MY166517A (en) High Performance Non-Combustible Gypsum-Cement Compositions With Enhanced Water Durability And Thermal Stability For Reinforced Cementitious Lightweight Structural Cement Panels
CN105272098B (en) The preparation method of composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material and inorganic compounding phase change plate
US4746555A (en) Fire retardant composition
CA2616615C (en) A bearing wall board and a method of producing the same
CN1073143C (en) Refractory quilt complex compsn. and outer wall panel board of building and its outer wall structure
CN102659362B (en) Environment-friendly flame-retardant thermal insulation mortar adopted with rice hulls
KR100809804B1 (en) Light foam concrete composition using bottom ash, used for sound absorbtion materials, light foam concrete product employing the same and the manufacturing method thereof
EP2212105A1 (en) High hydroxyethylated starch and high dispersant levels in gypsum wallboard
US9938192B2 (en) Gypsum panels, cores, and methods for the manufacture thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination