CN107935390A - A kind of black iron glaze and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of black iron glaze and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107935390A
CN107935390A CN201711276047.0A CN201711276047A CN107935390A CN 107935390 A CN107935390 A CN 107935390A CN 201711276047 A CN201711276047 A CN 201711276047A CN 107935390 A CN107935390 A CN 107935390A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
glaze
black iron
black
temperature
component
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711276047.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蔡万涯
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Xiamen Edunus Ceramic Industry Co Ltd
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Xiamen Edunus Ceramic Industry Co Ltd
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201711276047.0A priority Critical patent/CN107935390A/en
Publication of CN107935390A publication Critical patent/CN107935390A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/50Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/5022Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials with vitreous materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/85Coating or impregnation with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/86Glazes; Cold glazes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of black iron glaze and preparation method thereof, its technical recipe is calculated by mass percentage, and by feldspar powder 50 64%, calcium carbonate 10 23%, talcum 1 7%, kaolin 13 23%, aluminium oxide 2 7%, black pigment 8 13% forms.Its preparation method is:It is sufficiently mixed and is added in grinding pot after component is weighed by formula, 50% 55% moisture added equivalent to dry powder weight are ground, the concentration of glaze slip of milled is adjusted to 54 ± 1 degree of true specific gravity, with the glazing of glaze spraying point-like on base substrate, ground-coat enamel glazed thickness 1mm 3mm, burn till into carrying out oxidation with 1200 DEG C 1230 DEG C of temperature in kiln again after drying, the most kiln discharge after natural cooling afterwards, obtained glaze is colour-stable, and high yield rate, glaze paint bumps have relief black iron glaze.

Description

A kind of black iron glaze and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to glaze preparation field, more particularly to a kind of black iron glaze and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Black iron glaze category medium temperature coloured glaze.Conventional color glaze is with certain color or multiple color while with smooth The glaze colours of glaze paint, removes the various inherent performances of glaze colours in itself, such as color, texture, and texture shows as smooth single touch Sense, without stereovision.
The content of the invention
Therefore, for it is above-mentioned the problem of, present invention aims at break through the smooth glaze paint sense of touch of coloured glaze limitation, there is provided one Black iron glaze of kind and preparation method thereof, the black iron glaze glaze is colour-stable, and high yield rate, glaze paint bumps have three-dimensional sense.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of black iron glaze, its technical recipe are calculated by mass percentage, are made of following component with content:Feldspar powder 50-64%, carbon Sour calcium 10-23%, talcum 1-7%, kaolin 13-23%, aluminium oxide 2-7%, black pigment 8-13%.The present invention breaches traditional face The limitation of the smooth glaze paint sense of touch of color glaze, glaze is colour-stable, high yield rate, forms the expressive force outside colour generation, has glaze paint recessed Convex uneven texture, forms frosted finish effect, there is three-dimensional sense.
One of preferred solution as above-mentioned black iron glaze, its technical recipe is calculated by mass percentage, by following component with containing Amount composition:Feldspar powder 50-64%, calcium carbonate 10-20%, talcum 1-7%, kaolin 15-23%, aluminium oxide 2-7%, black pigment 8- 13%。
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method of above-mentioned black iron glaze, each component is weighed by formula After be sufficiently mixed and add in grinding pot, the 50%-55% moisture that adds equivalent to dry powder weight be ground 10-15 it is small when, its Middle material:Ball:Water ratio is 1:1.5:0.65, the good concentration of glaze slip of ball milling is then adjusted to 54 ± 1 degree of true specific gravity, is applied with glaze spraying point-like Glaze is on base substrate, glazed thickness 1mm-3mm, after drying again into kiln with 1200 DEG C -1235 DEG C of temperature carry out 8-11 it is small when Oxidation is burnt till, the kiln discharge after natural cooling, and the black iron glaze is made.This method makes glaze slip by the control of glaze spraying point-like gimmick Billet surface is attached in point-like, relatively-stationary concavo-convex contrast is formed after glaze baked.
As one of above-mentioned preparation method preferred solution, when adding water grinding 12-15 small after carry out testing graininess, granularity is surveyed 325 mesh sieves were tried, glaze slip screen over-size is in 0.6%-0.8%.
As one of above-mentioned preparation method preferred solution, the heating that the oxidation is burnt till is divided into three phases, first rank Section:Room temperature controls 3 DEG C/min of heating rate, second stage to 650 DEG C:650-1050 DEG C, 3.5 DEG C of heating rate of control/ Min, three phases:1050-1230 DEG C, 1.5 DEG C/min of heating rate is controlled, during to maximum temperature, keeps the temperature 15min.
The principle that the present invention realizes is:The composition of high feldspar high alumina, can ensure that glaze water has wider burning at high temperature Into temperature range and larger high temperature viscosity, the formula system of high silicon+high alumina is formed by high feldspar introducing silicone content, makes glaze water There is relatively high viscosity and relatively low mobility under maximum sintering temperature, so as to ensure that glaze paint has recessed after burning till Convex sense.Then, on the basis of the above, high calcium composition is selected, can ensure the crystallization property of glaze water, certain dumb light is presented in glaze paint Effect.In definite firing range, by the control of point-like glaze spraying gimmick, glaze water is set to form bumps not in billet surface Flat texture, firing temperature, which is in, to be begun to melt temperature spot and slightly higher temperature spot, can ensure that the particle of concave-convex surface can have.
Embodiment
In order to which the purpose of the present invention, technical solution, good effect is more clearly understood, by following embodiments to this hair It is bright to be further elaborated.Description below for specific embodiment is only used for explaining the present invention, does not limit this hair It is bright.
In addition, except special instruction, percentage of the present invention is mass percent.
Embodiment 1
A kind of black iron glaze, its technical recipe are calculated by mass percentage, are made of following component with content:Feldspar powder 62%, calcium carbonate 13%th, talcum 2%, kaolin 18%, aluminium oxide 5%, black pigment 10%.
It is sufficiently mixed and is added in grinding pot after each component is weighed by above-mentioned formula, is added equivalent to dry powder weight 50%-55% moisture be ground 10 it is small when, wherein expecting:Ball:Water ratio is 1:1.5:0.65, it is 325 sieve to glaze using number Slurry is filtered, and then the residue rate tailed over sieves the good glaze slip iron removaling of ball milling subject to 0.6%-0.8%, concentration of glaze slip tune It is 53 degree of true specific gravity to concentration, glaze slip is sprayed in billet surface using glaze spraying point-like gimmick, glazed thickness 1mm-3mm, dries Afterwards again into kiln with 1200 DEG C -1235 DEG C of temperature carry out 8 it is small when oxidation burn till, wherein, the heating which burns till is divided into Three phases, first stage:Room temperature controls 3 DEG C/min of heating rate, second stage to 650 DEG C:650-1050 DEG C, control 3.5 DEG C/min of heating rate processed, three phases:1050-1230 DEG C, 1.5 DEG C/min of heating rate is controlled, to maximum temperature When, 15min is kept the temperature, then the kiln discharge after natural cooling, black iron glaze is made.
Embodiment 2
A kind of black iron glaze, its technical recipe are calculated by mass percentage, are made of following component with content:Feldspar powder 56%, calcium carbonate 18%th, talcum 5%, kaolin 14, aluminium oxide 7%, black pigment 8%.
It is sufficiently mixed and is added in grinding pot after each component is weighed by above-mentioned formula, is added equivalent to dry powder weight 50%-55% moisture be ground 13 it is small when, wherein expecting:Ball:Water ratio is 1:1.5:0.65, it is 325 sieve to glaze using number Slurry is filtered, and then the residue rate tailed over sieves the good glaze slip iron removaling of ball milling subject to 0.6%-0.8%, concentration of glaze slip tune It is 54 degree of true specific gravity to concentration, glaze slip is sprayed in billet surface using glaze spraying point-like gimmick, glazed thickness 1mm-3mm, dries Afterwards again into kiln with 1200 DEG C -1235 DEG C of temperature carry out 10 it is small when oxidation burn till, wherein, the heating which burns till is divided into Three phases, first stage:Room temperature controls 3 DEG C/min of heating rate, second stage to 650 DEG C:650-1050 DEG C, control 3.5 DEG C/min of heating rate processed, three phases:1050-1230 DEG C, 1.5 DEG C/min of heating rate is controlled, to maximum temperature When, 15min is kept the temperature, then the kiln discharge after natural cooling, black iron glaze is made.
Embodiment 3
A kind of black iron glaze, its technical recipe are calculated by mass percentage, are made of following component with content:Feldspar powder 52%, calcium carbonate 21%th, talcum 6%, kaolin 19%, aluminium oxide 2%, black pigment 12%.
It is sufficiently mixed and is added in grinding pot after each component is weighed by above-mentioned formula, is added equivalent to dry powder weight 50%-55% moisture be ground 15 it is small when, wherein expecting:Ball:Water ratio is 1:1.5:0.65, it is 325 sieve to glaze using number Slurry is filtered, and then the residue rate tailed over sieves the good glaze slip iron removaling of ball milling subject to 0.6%-0.8%, concentration of glaze slip tune It is 55 degree of true specific gravity to concentration, glaze slip is sprayed in billet surface using glaze spraying gimmick, glazed thickness 1mm-3mm, after drying again Oxidation when small with 1200 DEG C -1235 DEG C of temperature progress 11 in into kiln is burnt till, wherein, the heating which burns till is divided into three Stage, first stage:Room temperature controls 3 DEG C/min of heating rate, second stage to 650 DEG C:650-1050 DEG C, control rises Warm 3.5 DEG C/min of speed, three phases:1050-1250 DEG C, 1.5 DEG C/min of heating rate is controlled, during to maximum temperature, is protected Warm 15min, then the kiln discharge after natural cooling, is made black iron glaze.
Colour-stable using black iron glaze glaze made from the formula described in above-described embodiment 1-3 and preparation method, glaze is colour-stable, into Product rate is high, forms the expressive force outside colour generation, glaze paint is had rough texture, forms frosted finish effect, there is three-dimensional sense.
The above described is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention For those skilled in the art, technical solution that can be as described above and design, it is various corresponding to make other Change and deform, and all these change and deform the protection domain that should all belong to the claims in the present invention.

Claims (5)

  1. A kind of 1. black iron glaze, it is characterised in that:Its technical recipe is calculated by mass percentage, is made of following component with content:It is long Mountain flour 50-64%, calcium carbonate 10-23%, talcum 1-7%, kaolin 13-23%, aluminium oxide 2-7%, black pigment 8-13%.
  2. 2. black iron glaze as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Its technical recipe is calculated by mass percentage, by following component Formed with content:Feldspar powder 50-64%, calcium carbonate 10-20%, talcum 1-7%, kaolin 15-23%, aluminium oxide 2-7%, black face Expect 8-13%.
  3. A kind of 3. preparation method of black iron glaze as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Each component is weighed by formula After be sufficiently mixed and add in grinding pot, the 50%-55% moisture that adds equivalent to dry powder weight be ground 10-15 it is small when, its Middle material:Ball:Water ratio is 1:1.5:0.65, the good concentration of glaze slip of ball milling is then adjusted to 54 ± 1 degree of true specific gravity, is applied with glaze spraying point-like Glaze is on base substrate, glazed thickness 1mm-3mm, after drying again into kiln with 1200 DEG C -1235 DEG C of temperature carry out 8-11 it is small when Oxidation is burnt till, the kiln discharge after natural cooling, and the black iron glaze is made.
  4. A kind of 4. preparation method of black iron glaze as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:After when adding water grinding 10-15 small Testing graininess is carried out, testing graininess crosses 325 mesh sieves, and glaze slip screen over-size is in 0.6%-0.8%.
  5. A kind of 5. preparation method of black iron glaze as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:The heating that the oxidation is burnt till is divided into Three phases, first stage:Room temperature controls 3 DEG C/min of heating rate, second stage to 650 DEG C:650-1050 DEG C, control 3.5 DEG C/min of heating rate processed, three phases:1050-1230 DEG C, 1.5 DEG C/min of heating rate is controlled, to maximum temperature When, keep the temperature 15min.
CN201711276047.0A 2017-12-06 2017-12-06 A kind of black iron glaze and preparation method thereof Pending CN107935390A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711276047.0A CN107935390A (en) 2017-12-06 2017-12-06 A kind of black iron glaze and preparation method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publication Number Publication Date
CN107935390A true CN107935390A (en) 2018-04-20

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103553579A (en) * 2012-12-05 2014-02-05 佛山市唯格瓷砖有限责任公司 Environment-friendly full body porcelain brick having characteristic of natural granite, and preparation method thereof
CN105924006A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-09-07 高根长 Black glaze and preparing method thereof
CN106430977A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-22 厦门万仟堂艺术品有限公司 Light greenish blue matte glaze for pottery product and preparation method of light greenish blue matte glaze
CN107032614A (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-08-11 上海高诚创意科技集团有限公司 A kind of uneven glaze with soil texture

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103553579A (en) * 2012-12-05 2014-02-05 佛山市唯格瓷砖有限责任公司 Environment-friendly full body porcelain brick having characteristic of natural granite, and preparation method thereof
CN105924006A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-09-07 高根长 Black glaze and preparing method thereof
CN106430977A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-22 厦门万仟堂艺术品有限公司 Light greenish blue matte glaze for pottery product and preparation method of light greenish blue matte glaze
CN107032614A (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-08-11 上海高诚创意科技集团有限公司 A kind of uneven glaze with soil texture

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
俞康泰主编: "《现代陶瓷色釉料与装饰技术手册》", 31 May 1999, 武汉工业大学出版社 *

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