CN107927826B - A strike skin device for oranges and tangerines peeler - Google Patents

A strike skin device for oranges and tangerines peeler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107927826B
CN107927826B CN201711239974.5A CN201711239974A CN107927826B CN 107927826 B CN107927826 B CN 107927826B CN 201711239974 A CN201711239974 A CN 201711239974A CN 107927826 B CN107927826 B CN 107927826B
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cylinder
peeling
orange
pressing
pressing plate
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CN107927826A (en
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张俊
周锦云
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Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N7/00Peeling vegetables or fruit
    • A23N7/02Peeling potatoes, apples or similarly shaped vegetables or fruit

Abstract

The invention relates to a peeling device for an orange peeling machine, which comprises a rack, an orange conveying mechanism, an orange peeling barrel and a pressing mechanism, wherein the orange conveying mechanism comprises an orange conveying barrel, an orange blocking sheet, a connecting rod and a lifting cylinder; the peeling barrel is arranged below the tail end of the orange conveying barrel and comprises a peeling barrel frame fixed on the rack, and inverted teeth are arranged on the inner wall of the peeling barrel frame; the pressing mechanism is positioned right above the leather cutting cylinder frame. The invention has the beneficial effects that: more than two cuts can be cut on the peeling barrels for the citrus fruits with different sizes by the inverted teeth, so that the efficiency of the subsequent peeling procedure can be effectively improved; the invention is provided with a plurality of layers of inverted teeth, and the first layer of inverted teeth can be hooked by the inverted teeth behind the first layer of inverted teeth to cut the orange peel.

Description

A strike skin device for oranges and tangerines peeler
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of automatic citrus processing devices, in particular to a peeling device for an orange peeling machine.
Background
China is a large country for producing and exporting canned orange slices, canned orange cysts and other processed citrus products, and the peeling procedure in the production process of canned orange slices is an important part of the whole orange processing process. The existing peeling processing mode usually mainly adopts manual processing, a large amount of labor force needs to be consumed, and the requirement on labor can be obviously reduced by realizing the automation of the link.
The automatic peeling process comprises two steps of peeling and peeling, wherein the quality of the peeling and the efficiency are directly affected by the efficiency of the subsequent peeling device. Generally, the peeling device in the next step is favorable for clamping the orange peel to easily peel the orange peel, because the peeling device has a large number of openings and is large in size. The existing orange peeling device is used for punching a plurality of cuts on the surface of oranges through a high-speed rotating knife roller, and the defects that the cuts of the high-speed rotating knife roller are small, orange flesh is easy to damage, the effective cut rate is low and the like are overcome.
The invention adopts a multilayer multi-channel inverted tooth annular peeling barrel, oranges are quickly pressed into the peeling barrel through the orange pressing plate, a plurality of peeling openings can be formed at one time, and the defects of small incision and few peeling openings of the existing peeling device are overcome.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the above technical problems, a first object of the present invention is to provide a peeling device for a citrus peeling machine, which has a fast processing speed, high efficiency and a large opening. A second object of the present invention is to provide a method for peeling citrus fruit using the above-described apparatus.
In order to achieve the first object, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a peeling device for an orange peeling machine comprises a rack, an orange conveying mechanism, an orange peeling barrel and a pressing mechanism, wherein the orange conveying mechanism comprises an orange conveying barrel, an orange blocking piece, a connecting rod and a lifting cylinder, the orange conveying barrel is fixed on the rack and obliquely arranged with a horizontal plane, the orange blocking piece is arranged at the tail end of the orange conveying barrel, one end of the connecting rod is connected with the orange blocking piece, the lifting cylinder is fixed on the rack, and the other end of the connecting rod is fixed with the lifting cylinder and is driven by the lifting cylinder to do telescopic motion; the peeling cylinder is arranged below the tail end of the orange conveying cylinder and comprises a peeling cylinder frame fixed on the rack, the peeling cylinder frame is a stainless steel cylinder, 2-5 circles of inverted teeth are distributed on the inner wall of the peeling cylinder frame at equal intervals along the vertical direction, and each circle of inverted teeth is 4-10 and is distributed at equal intervals; the pressing mechanism is positioned right above the leather cutting barrel frame, and the pressing mechanism adopts a telescopic pressing mechanism or a waterwheel type pressing mechanism.
As a preferable scheme: the telescopic pressing mechanism comprises a pressing cylinder, a first pressing plate connecting rod and a first pressing plate, the pressing cylinder is fixed with the rack, one end of the first pressing plate connecting rod is fixed with the pressing cylinder, the other end of the first pressing plate connecting rod is fixed with the first pressing plate, the first pressing plate is a circular plate with the diameter of 20-30mm, and the first pressing plate is located right above the leather-scratching barrel frame and is driven by the pressing cylinder to do telescopic motion.
As a preferable scheme: the leather cutting machine is characterized in that a longitudinally through notch is formed in the circumference of the leather cutting barrel frame 10, the waterwheel type pressing mechanism comprises a second pressing plate, a second pressing plate connecting rod, a shaft barrel and a motor, the motor is fixed with the machine frame, the shaft barrel is driven by the motor, 4-10 second pressing plates are uniformly distributed on the circumferential surface of the outer side of the shaft barrel, the second pressing plates are fixed with the shaft barrel through the second pressing plate connecting rod, and the second pressing plate connecting rod is longitudinally aligned with the notch.
As a preferable scheme: the included angle between the two side edges of the notch of the leather cutting cylinder frame and the circle center of the leather cutting cylinder frame is 10-30 degrees.
As a preferable scheme: the inverted teeth are triangular, the horizontal width of the inverted teeth is 5-10mm, the length of the inverted teeth in the vertical direction is 5-10mm, the thickness of the inverted teeth is 2-5mm, and the inverted teeth are made of stainless steel.
As a preferable scheme: the diameter of the orange conveying cylinder is 60-100mm, the inner diameter of the peeling cylinder frame is 80-120mm, and the first pressing plate and the second pressing plate are made of stainless steel or plastic materials.
In order to achieve the second object, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a method for peeling oranges adopts the peeling device and comprises the following steps:
1) the orange is graded according to two grades, the fruit diameter of which is less than 60mm and is more than or equal to 60 mm;
2) placing the graded oranges into an orange conveying cylinder, and enabling orange blocking pieces to drop the oranges into a peeling cylinder in an individual mode under the action of a connecting rod and a lifting cylinder;
3) the orange falls into the peeling cylinder one by one, is placed on the inverted teeth in the peeling cylinder frame, and is extruded out through the telescopic pressing mechanism or the waterwheel type pressing mechanism, the orange is pressed out from the peeling cylinder frame by the first pressing plate of the telescopic pressing mechanism under the driving of the pressing cylinder, 3-8 cuts are hooked on the outer skin of the orange under the action of the inverted teeth, and the first pressing plate returns to the original position; the waterwheel type pressing mechanism drives the shaft cylinder to rotate by the motor, so that the second pressing plate on the shaft cylinder penetrates through the peeling cylinder frame, the corresponding second pressing plate connecting rod penetrates through the notch, and the second pressing plate presses the oranges out of the peeling cylinder frame;
4) and (4) opening the orange blocking piece by the lifting cylinder again, enabling the oranges in the orange conveying cylinder to fall into the peeling cylinder, and repeating the step 3) in such a way.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the orange can continuously pass through the peeling device one by one, and can be quickly peeled by adopting a waterwheel type and a telescopic lower pressing plate; secondly, the orange fruits with different sizes can be chamfered to form more than two cuts on the peeling drum, so that the efficiency of the subsequent peeling procedure can be effectively improved; and thirdly, the invention is provided with a plurality of layers of inverted teeth, so that the first layer of inverted teeth can be hooked by the rear inverted teeth to cut the orange peel under the condition that the first layer of inverted teeth is not hooked to the orange peel.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 2 of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the inverted teeth on the inner wall of the skin-cutting cylinder stand of the present invention.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the drawings are illustrative and intended to be illustrative of the invention and are not to be construed as limiting the invention.
Example 1:
a peeling device for a citrus peeling machine, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 3, comprises a citrus conveying mechanism, a peeling drum and a pressing mechanism.
Oranges and tangerines conveying mechanism: the orange conveying device comprises an orange conveying cylinder 1, an orange blocking sheet 2, a connecting rod 3 and a lifting cylinder 4; wherein, the diameter of the orange conveying cylinder 1 is 60mm, and the orange conveying cylinder is arranged vertically or obliquely with the horizontal plane; the orange blocking piece 2 is arranged at the tail end of the orange conveying cylinder 1; the connecting rod 3 is connected with the orange blocking sheet 2; the connecting rod 3 is driven by the lifting cylinder 4 to do telescopic motion.
The skin-scratching cylinder consists of a skin-scratching cylinder frame 10 and inverted teeth 9 arranged in the cylinder, wherein the skin-scratching cylinder frame 10 is a stainless steel whole cylinder with the inner diameter of 80 mm; the inside evenly distributed pawl 9 of drum, 4 pawl 9 of each circumference distribution, vertical direction distributes and has 2 rows, and 9 horizontal width of pawl are 5mm, vertical direction length 5mm, thickness 2mm, stainless steel material.
The pressing mechanism is a telescopic pressing mechanism and consists of a pressing cylinder 6, a first pressing plate connecting rod 7 and a first pressing plate 8. The first pressing plate 8 is a circular plate with the diameter of 20mm, is arranged right above the leather-cutting cylinder frame 10 and is made of stainless steel or plastic materials; the first presser plate 8 is connected to the cylinder 6 through a first presser plate link 7.
The method for peeling the citrus by using the peeling device comprises the following steps:
(1) the orange which is graded according to the fruit diameter of less than 60mm is put into an orange conveying cylinder 1, and under the action of a connecting rod 3 and a lifting cylinder 4, oranges 5 fall into a peeling cylinder according to the number;
(2) the oranges fall into the peeling barrels one by one and are placed on the inverted teeth 9 in the peeling barrel frame 10, the oranges are pressed out of the peeling barrel frame 10 by the first pressing plate 8 in the telescopic pressing mechanism under the driving of the pressing cylinder 6, a plurality of cuts are hooked on the outer skin of the oranges under the action of the inverted teeth 9, and the first pressing plate 8 returns to the original position;
(3) and (3) opening the orange blocking piece by the lifting cylinder again, enabling the oranges in the orange conveying cylinder to fall into the peeling cylinder, and repeating the step (2) in such a way.
The device can be used for peeling oranges with the diameter of less than 60mm, each orange can be peeled by 3-4 cuts, and 720 oranges can be peeled per hour.
Example 2:
a peeling device for a citrus peeling machine, as shown in fig. 2 and 3, is similar to that of example 1, and the citrus transport cylinder 1 has a diameter of 100 mm; the inner diameter of the leather cutting cylinder frame 10 is a stainless steel cylinder with 120mm, and a cylinder with a 30-degree gap is arranged at the circumference; the inverted teeth 9 are uniformly distributed in the cylinder, 10 inverted teeth 9 are distributed on each circumference, 5 rows are distributed in the vertical direction, the horizontal width of each inverted tooth 9 is 10mm, the length in the vertical direction is 10mm, and the thickness is 5 mm; the pressing mechanism is a waterwheel type pressing mechanism and comprises a second pressing plate 11, a second pressing plate connecting rod 12, a shaft barrel 13 and a motor 14, wherein the second pressing plate 11 is a circular plate with the diameter of 30mm and is made of stainless steel or plastic materials, the second pressing plate connecting rod 12 is connected onto the shaft barrel 13, 4 pressing plates 11 are uniformly distributed on the circumference of the shaft barrel 13, and the shaft barrel 13 is driven by the motor 14.
The method for peeling the citrus by using the peeling device comprises the following steps:
(1) the orange classified according to the fruit diameter of more than or equal to 60mm is put into an orange conveying cylinder 1, and the oranges fall into a peeling cylinder one by one under the action of a connecting rod 3 and a lifting cylinder 4 by an orange blocking piece 2;
(2) the oranges drop into the peeling barrels one by one, are placed on the inverted teeth 9 in the peeling barrel frame 10, and the second pressing plate 11 is driven by the motor 14 to press the oranges out of the peeling barrel frame 10;
(3) and (3) opening the orange blocking piece by the lifting cylinder again, enabling the oranges in the orange conveying cylinder to fall into the peeling cylinder, and repeating the step (2) in such a way.
The device can be used for peeling oranges with the diameter of more than or equal to 60mm, 8-10 cuts can be cut on each orange, and 1000 oranges can be cut per hour.
It should be noted that the above embodiments are merely representative examples of the present invention. Many variations of the invention are possible. Any simple modification, equivalent change and modification of the above embodiments according to the spirit of the present invention should be considered to be within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a draw skin device for oranges and tangerines peeler which characterized in that: the orange peeling machine comprises a rack, an orange conveying mechanism, an orange peeling barrel and a pressing mechanism, wherein the orange conveying mechanism comprises an orange conveying barrel (1), an orange blocking piece (2), a connecting rod (3) and a lifting cylinder (4), the orange conveying barrel (1) is fixed on the rack, the orange conveying barrel (1) is obliquely arranged with a horizontal plane, the orange blocking piece (2) is arranged at the tail end of the orange conveying barrel (1), one end of the connecting rod (3) is connected with the orange blocking piece (2), the lifting cylinder (4) is fixed on the rack, the other end of the connecting rod (3) is fixed with the lifting cylinder (4), and is driven by the lifting cylinder (4) to do telescopic motion; the peeling cylinder is arranged below the tail end of the orange conveying cylinder (1), the peeling cylinder comprises a peeling cylinder frame (10) fixed on the rack, the peeling cylinder frame (10) is a stainless steel cylinder, 2-5 circles of inverted teeth (9) are distributed on the inner wall of the peeling cylinder frame (10) at equal intervals along the vertical direction, and 4-10 inverted teeth (9) are distributed at equal intervals; the pressing mechanism is positioned right above the leather cutting cylinder frame (10), and adopts a telescopic pressing mechanism or a waterwheel type pressing mechanism, the telescopic pressing mechanism comprises a pressing cylinder (6), a first pressing plate connecting rod (7) and a first pressing plate (8), the lower air cylinder (6) is fixed with the frame, one end of the first pressure plate connecting rod (7) is fixed with the lower air cylinder (6), the other end is fixed with the first pressure plate (8), the first pressing plate (8) is a circular plate with the diameter of 20-30mm, the first pressing plate (8) is positioned right above the leather cutting cylinder frame (10), the lower pressing cylinder (6) drives the lower pressing cylinder to do telescopic motion, the inverted teeth (9) are triangular, the horizontal width of the inverted teeth (9) is 5-10mm, the length of the inverted teeth in the vertical direction is 5-10mm, the thickness of the inverted teeth is 2-5mm, and the inverted teeth (9) are made of stainless steel.
2. A peeling apparatus for a citrus peeling machine as defined in claim 1, wherein: the leather cutting machine is characterized in that a longitudinally through notch is formed in the circumference of the leather cutting barrel frame (10), the waterwheel type pressing mechanism comprises a second pressing plate (11), a second pressing plate connecting rod (12), a shaft barrel (13) and a motor (14), the motor (14) is fixed with the frame, the shaft barrel (13) is driven by the motor (14), 4-10 second pressing plates (11) are uniformly distributed on the circumferential surface of the outer side of the shaft barrel (13), the second pressing plates (11) are fixed with the shaft barrel (13) through the second pressing plate connecting rod (12), and the second pressing plate connecting rod (12) is longitudinally aligned with the notch.
3. A peeling apparatus for a citrus peeling machine as defined in claim 2, wherein: the included angle between the two sides of the gap of the leather cutting cylinder rack (10) and the circle center of the leather cutting cylinder rack (10) is 10-30 degrees.
4. A peeling apparatus for a citrus peeling machine as defined in claim 2, wherein: the diameter of the orange conveying cylinder (1) is 60-100mm, the inner diameter of the peeling cylinder frame (10) is 80-120mm, and the first pressing plate (8) and the second pressing plate (11) are made of stainless steel or plastic materials.
5. A method for peeling citrus, which is characterized in that: a skin-cutting device according to any one of the claims 2 to 4 is adopted and is carried out according to the following steps:
1) the orange is graded according to two grades, the fruit diameter of which is less than 60mm and is more than or equal to 60 mm;
2) placing the graded oranges into an orange conveying cylinder, and enabling orange blocking pieces to drop the oranges into a peeling cylinder in an individual mode under the action of a connecting rod and a lifting cylinder;
3) the orange falls into the peeling cylinder one by one, is placed on the inverted teeth in the peeling cylinder frame, and is extruded out through the telescopic pressing mechanism or the waterwheel type pressing mechanism, the orange is pressed out from the peeling cylinder frame by the first pressing plate of the telescopic pressing mechanism under the driving of the pressing cylinder, 3-8 cuts are hooked on the outer skin of the orange under the action of the inverted teeth, and the first pressing plate returns to the original position; the waterwheel type pressing mechanism drives the shaft cylinder to rotate by the motor, so that the second pressing plate on the shaft cylinder penetrates through the peeling cylinder frame, the corresponding second pressing plate connecting rod penetrates through the notch, and the second pressing plate presses the oranges out of the peeling cylinder frame;
4) and (4) opening the orange blocking piece by the lifting cylinder again, enabling the oranges in the orange conveying cylinder to fall into the peeling cylinder, and repeating the step 3) in such a way.
CN201711239974.5A 2017-11-30 2017-11-30 A strike skin device for oranges and tangerines peeler Active CN107927826B (en)

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CN201711239974.5A CN107927826B (en) 2017-11-30 2017-11-30 A strike skin device for oranges and tangerines peeler

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711239974.5A CN107927826B (en) 2017-11-30 2017-11-30 A strike skin device for oranges and tangerines peeler

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CN107927826B true CN107927826B (en) 2021-07-16

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109222134A (en) * 2018-10-02 2019-01-18 何周清 A kind of citrus feed mechanism and the citrus apparatus for peeling off with the citrus feed mechanism

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2003051162A1 (en) * 2001-12-18 2003-06-26 Carlo Rosso Method of preparing fruit and vegetable products to be dehydrated, and apparatus for carrying out said method
CN203378529U (en) * 2013-06-27 2014-01-08 魏建勋 Peel removing machine for removing peel of red dates
CN203575601U (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-05-07 轻工业杭州机电设计研究院 Mandarin peel opening tearing mechanism of mandrel peeling machine
CN203709783U (en) * 2013-12-24 2014-07-16 苏州欢颜电气有限公司 Fruit peeler
CN203748610U (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-08-06 上海沃迪自动化装备股份有限公司 Citrus peeling mechanism
CN205010971U (en) * 2015-09-24 2016-02-03 天津日马精密锻压有限公司 Tubulose work piece automatic feeding feeding mechanism
CN206294848U (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-07-04 南京工业职业技术学院 A kind of longan peeling takes nuclear device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2003051162A1 (en) * 2001-12-18 2003-06-26 Carlo Rosso Method of preparing fruit and vegetable products to be dehydrated, and apparatus for carrying out said method
CN203378529U (en) * 2013-06-27 2014-01-08 魏建勋 Peel removing machine for removing peel of red dates
CN203575601U (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-05-07 轻工业杭州机电设计研究院 Mandarin peel opening tearing mechanism of mandrel peeling machine
CN203709783U (en) * 2013-12-24 2014-07-16 苏州欢颜电气有限公司 Fruit peeler
CN203748610U (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-08-06 上海沃迪自动化装备股份有限公司 Citrus peeling mechanism
CN205010971U (en) * 2015-09-24 2016-02-03 天津日马精密锻压有限公司 Tubulose work piece automatic feeding feeding mechanism
CN206294848U (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-07-04 南京工业职业技术学院 A kind of longan peeling takes nuclear device

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