CN107926793A - A kind of cultural method of high yield prawn - Google Patents

A kind of cultural method of high yield prawn Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107926793A
CN107926793A CN201711202789.9A CN201711202789A CN107926793A CN 107926793 A CN107926793 A CN 107926793A CN 201711202789 A CN201711202789 A CN 201711202789A CN 107926793 A CN107926793 A CN 107926793A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
prawn
feed
extract
cultural
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CN201711202789.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卢惠
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卢惠
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Priority to CN201711202789.9A priority Critical patent/CN107926793A/en
Publication of CN107926793A publication Critical patent/CN107926793A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/59Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of crustaceans, e.g. lobsters or shrimps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • A01K61/13Prevention or treatment of fish diseases
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/50Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by addition or application of a germicide or by oligodynamic treatment
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of cultural method of high yield prawn.The method of the present invention includes:Pond disinfection, shrimp seedling put in a suitable place to breed, forage feed, water quality management, the cultural method of the present invention uses Chinese herbal medicine brine when launching shrimp seedling, effective sterilizing, pass through regular sterilizing in the process, the premunition of prawn can be significantly increased, realize the high-yield high-quality of prawn, meet the needs of market well.

Description

A kind of cultural method of high yield prawn
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquaculture field, particularly a kind of cultural method of high yield prawn.
Background technology
Prawn, is important economic seed also known as " only new prawn in angle ", and to propagate object artificially, its is full of nutrition, meat pine It is soft, it is easy to digest, it is fabulous food to people that is in poor health and needing to raise after being ill;, can be very well containing abundant magnesium in shrimp Protection cardiovascular system, it can reduce blood cholesterol level, prevent artery sclerosis, at the same can also coronary artery dilator, Be conducive to preventing hypertension and myocardial infarction;Shrimp also has tonifying kidney and strengthening yang, and promoting lactation is antitoxin, blood-nourishing controlling nocturnal emission with astringent drugs, dissolving blood stasis and detoxication, QI invigorating Grow sun, remove obstruction in channels to relieve pain, resolving sputum and other effects of whetting the appetite.As the improvement of people's living standards, it is higher and higher to the demand of aquatic products, especially It is that the needs of prawn are even more very big.
The content of the invention
Present invention aims at provide a kind of cultural method of high yield prawn.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention uses following technical scheme:A kind of cultural method of high yield prawn, Comprise the following steps:
(1)Pond disinfection:It is 3-5 mus to select area, and depth is 1.2-1.5 meters of pond, and every square metre is applied quick lime 80- 120g is sterilized, then exposure 10-15 days;
(2)Shrimp seedling is put in a suitable place to breed:Prawn is put into Chinese herbal medicine brine before putting in a suitable place to breed and soaks 10-15min, puts the children of 70-100kg in a suitable place to breed per acre Shrimp;
(3)Forage feed:Respectively feed a feed sooner or later daily, each injected volume is the 3-6% of prawn weight;
(4)Water quality management:Half water was replaced per 10-15 days, is disappeared per 30-70g quick limes are spread within 8-12 days to pond Poison, 200-500mL Chinese-herb disinfectants were launched per 10-15 days.
Preferably, step(2)Described in Chinese herbal medicine brine by Folium Artemisiae Argyi extract, Herba Eupatorii extract, isatis root extract, Folium Isatidis extract, forsythia suspense extraction, the brine of mass concentration 5% are prepared;The Folium Artemisiae Argyi extract, Herba Eupatorii extract, plate Blue root extract, Folium Isatidis extract, forsythia suspense extraction, the brine of mass concentration 5% are according to isometric mixing.
Preferably, step(3)Described in feed be divided into morning and evening feed, launch feed in the morning, by weight, including following Raw material:20-40 parts of earthworm powder, 10-20 parts of Pomacea canaliculata powder, 10-20 parts of fishbone dust, 10-15 parts of dregs of beans, 10-15 parts of rapeseed;Evening Upper dispensing feed, by weight, including following raw material:10-15 parts of fishbone dust, 10-15 parts of dregs of beans, 10-15 parts of rapeseed.
Preferably, step(4)Described in Chinese-herb disinfectant by 20-40 parts of isatis root extract, peppermint extracting solution 10-15 10-15 parts of part, radix scutellariae extracting solution compositions.
The present invention has following technique effect:The prawn cultural method of the present invention, it is easy in the breeding process for prawn It is subject to pathogenic bacterial infection, resistance force difference, the problems such as palatability is poor, Chinese herbal medicine brine use when launching shrimp seedling, effective sterilize disappears Poison, in the process by regular sterilizing, can significantly increase the premunition of prawn, realize the high-yield high-quality of prawn, very well Ground meets the needs of market.
Embodiment
A kind of cultural method of high yield prawn of embodiment 1, comprises the following steps:
(1)Pond disinfection:It is 3-5 mus to select area, and depth is 1.2-1.5 meters of pond, and every square metre disappears using quick lime 80g Poison, then exposure 15 days;
(2)Shrimp seedling is put in a suitable place to breed:Prawn is put into Chinese herbal medicine brine before putting in a suitable place to breed and soaks 15min, puts the juvenile prawn of 70kg in a suitable place to breed per acre;It is described Chinese herbal medicine brine is dense by Folium Artemisiae Argyi extract, Herba Eupatorii extract, isatis root extract, Folium Isatidis extract, forsythia suspense extraction, quality The brine of degree 5% is uniformly mixed is prepared in equal volume;
(3)Forage feed:Respectively feed a feed sooner or later daily, each injected volume is the 3% of prawn weight;Feed is divided into sooner or later Feed, morning launch feed, by weight, including following raw material:20 parts of earthworm powder, 10 parts of Pomacea canaliculata powder, 10 parts of fishbone dust, 10 parts of dregs of beans, 10 parts of rapeseed;Feed is launched at night, by weight, including following raw material:10 parts of fishbone dust, 10 parts of dregs of beans, 10 parts of rapeseed;
(4)Water quality management:Replace half water within every 10 days, 70g quick limes are spread to pond within every 12 days and carried out disinfection, every 10 days Launch 200mL Chinese-herb disinfectants;Chinese-herb disinfectant is extracted by 20 parts of isatis root extract, 10 parts of peppermint extracting solution, radix scutellariae 10 parts of compositions of liquid.
A kind of cultural method of high yield prawn of embodiment 2, comprises the following steps:
(1)Pond disinfection:It is 3-5 mus to select area, and depth is 1.2-1.5 meters of pond, and every square metre is applied quick lime 100g Sterilize, then exposure 12 days;
(2)Shrimp seedling is put in a suitable place to breed:Prawn is put into Chinese herbal medicine brine before putting in a suitable place to breed and soaks 12min, puts the juvenile prawn of 90kg in a suitable place to breed per acre;Medium-height grass Medicine brine is by Folium Artemisiae Argyi extract, Herba Eupatorii extract, isatis root extract, Folium Isatidis extract, forsythia suspense extraction, mass concentration 5% Brine in equal volume be uniformly mixed be prepared;
(3)Forage feed:Respectively feed a feed sooner or later daily, each injected volume is the 3-6% of prawn weight;Feed is divided into morning Late feed, morning launch feed, by weight, including following raw material:30 parts of earthworm powder, 15 parts of Pomacea canaliculata powder, fishbone dust 15 Part, 12 parts of dregs of beans, 12 parts of rapeseed;Feed is launched at night, by weight, including following raw material:12 parts of fishbone dust, dregs of beans 12 Part, 12 parts of rapeseed;
(4)Water quality management:Replace half water within every 12 days, 50g quick limes are spread to pond within every 10 days and carried out disinfection, every 12 days Launch 350mL Chinese-herb disinfectants;Chinese-herb disinfectant is extracted by 30 parts of isatis root extract, 13 parts of peppermint extracting solution, radix scutellariae 14 parts of compositions of liquid.
A kind of cultural method of high yield prawn of embodiment 3, comprises the following steps:
(1)Pond disinfection:It is 3-5 mus to select area, and depth is 1.2-1.5 meters of pond, and every square metre is applied quick lime 120g Sterilize, then exposure 10 days;
(2)Shrimp seedling is put in a suitable place to breed:Prawn is put into Chinese herbal medicine brine before putting in a suitable place to breed and soaks 10min, puts the juvenile prawn of 100kg in a suitable place to breed per acre;In Herbal medicine brine is by Folium Artemisiae Argyi extract, Herba Eupatorii extract, isatis root extract, Folium Isatidis extract, forsythia suspense extraction, mass concentration 5% brine prepares isometric be uniformly mixed and forms;
(3)Forage feed:Respectively feed a feed sooner or later daily, each injected volume is the 6% of prawn weight;Feed is divided into sooner or later Feed, morning launch feed, by weight, including following raw material:40 parts of earthworm powder, 20 parts of Pomacea canaliculata powder, 20 parts of fishbone dust, 15 parts of dregs of beans, 15 parts of rapeseed;Feed is launched at night, by weight, including following raw material:15 parts of fishbone dust, 15 parts of dregs of beans, 15 parts of rapeseed;
(4)Water quality management:Replace half water within every 15 days, 30g quick limes are spread to pond within every 8 days and carried out disinfection, every 15 days Launch 500mL Chinese-herb disinfectants;Chinese-herb disinfectant is extracted by 40 parts of isatis root extract, 15 parts of peppermint extracting solution, radix scutellariae 15 parts of compositions of liquid.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of cultural method of high yield prawn, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1)Pond disinfection:It is 3-5 mus to select area, and depth is 1.2-1.5 meters of pond, and every square metre is applied quick lime 80- 120g is sterilized, then exposure 10-15 days;
(2)Shrimp seedling is put in a suitable place to breed:Prawn is put into Chinese herbal medicine brine before putting in a suitable place to breed and soaks 10-15min, puts the children of 70-100kg in a suitable place to breed per acre Shrimp;
(3)Forage feed:Respectively feed a feed sooner or later daily, each injected volume is the 3-6% of prawn weight;
(4)Water quality management:Half water was replaced per 10-15 days, is disappeared per 30-70g quick limes are spread within 8-12 days to pond Poison, 200-500mL Chinese-herb disinfectants were launched per 10-15 days.
2. the cultural method of high yield prawn according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(2)Described in medium-height grass Medicine brine is by Folium Artemisiae Argyi extract, Herba Eupatorii extract, isatis root extract, Folium Isatidis extract, forsythia suspense extraction, mass concentration 5% Brine be prepared.
3. the cultural method of high yield prawn according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the Folium Artemisiae Argyi extract, eupatorium Extract, isatis root extract, Folium Isatidis extract, forsythia suspense extraction, the brine of mass concentration 5% are according to isometric mixing.
4. the cultural method of high yield prawn according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(3)Described in feed point For morning and evening feed, feed is launched morning, by weight, including following raw material:20-40 parts of earthworm powder, Pomacea canaliculata powder 10-20 Part, 10-20 parts of fishbone dust, 10-15 parts of dregs of beans, 10-15 parts of rapeseed;Feed is launched at night, by weight, including following original Material:10-15 parts of fishbone dust, 10-15 parts of dregs of beans, 10-15 parts of rapeseed.
5. the cultural method of high yield prawn according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(4)Described in Chinese herbal medicine Thimerosal is made of 20-40 parts of isatis root extract, 10-15 parts of peppermint extracting solution, 10-15 parts of radix scutellariae extracting solution.
CN201711202789.9A 2017-11-27 2017-11-27 A kind of cultural method of high yield prawn Pending CN107926793A (en)

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CN201711202789.9A CN107926793A (en) 2017-11-27 2017-11-27 A kind of cultural method of high yield prawn

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103416337A (en) * 2013-08-24 2013-12-04 宁波市大桥生态农业有限公司 Wild-imitation breeding method for river eel
CN103843707A (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-06-11 浙江省海洋开发研究院 Method for breeding penaeus vannamei boone by using ozone water
CN104247687A (en) * 2014-09-23 2014-12-31 和县善厚水产养殖场 Large-scale adult fish farming method of 'All-male No. 1' type Pelteobagrus fulvidracos
CN106342726A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-01-25 西双版纳颜轩农业科技有限公司 Ecological culture method for grass carp
NL2016615B1 (en) * 2016-04-15 2017-11-15 Four Seasons Food Holding B V Method for preparing a soup or sauce

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103416337A (en) * 2013-08-24 2013-12-04 宁波市大桥生态农业有限公司 Wild-imitation breeding method for river eel
CN103843707A (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-06-11 浙江省海洋开发研究院 Method for breeding penaeus vannamei boone by using ozone water
CN104247687A (en) * 2014-09-23 2014-12-31 和县善厚水产养殖场 Large-scale adult fish farming method of 'All-male No. 1' type Pelteobagrus fulvidracos
NL2016615B1 (en) * 2016-04-15 2017-11-15 Four Seasons Food Holding B V Method for preparing a soup or sauce
CN106342726A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-01-25 西双版纳颜轩农业科技有限公司 Ecological culture method for grass carp

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Application publication date: 20180420

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