CN107926565A - A kind of potato implantation methods of suitable desert - Google Patents

A kind of potato implantation methods of suitable desert Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107926565A
CN107926565A CN201711220253.XA CN201711220253A CN107926565A CN 107926565 A CN107926565 A CN 107926565A CN 201711220253 A CN201711220253 A CN 201711220253A CN 107926565 A CN107926565 A CN 107926565A
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China
Prior art keywords
potato
bud
fertilizer
slicing
seed
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CN201711220253.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
彭钦龙
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彭钦龙
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Priority to CN201711220253.XA priority Critical patent/CN107926565A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern

Abstract

A kind of speed of growth of present invention offer is fast, the potato implantation methods of yield height and a kind of suitable desert of robust plant.A kind of potato implantation methods of suitable desert, comprise the following steps.(1) selected potato seed, is selected epidermis fresh color, is advisable without cracking, no scab, potato wedge size with 30 50 grams or so.(2) potato seed is handled;Block potato.Should be from top to umbilical region rip cutting during stripping and slicing.(3) vernalization;Vernalization, be placed on 15 20 DEG C of interior by potato seed before broadcasting and cover the continuous sand of 2 cm thicks moistening;It is placed on when bud length is to 0.5~1cm in greenhouse and practices bud.(4) fertilizer is selected according to breeding time, using sufficient base manure can promote potato with luxuriant foliage and spreading branches in leafy profusion early period, well developed root system.(5) field management, early chases after seed manure, sees that seedling imposes fertile and long potato fertilizer of buddingging.

Description

A kind of potato implantation methods of suitable desert
Technical field
The invention belongs to agriculture field, more particularly, to a kind of implantation methods of potato.
Background technology
Potato, belongs to Solanaceae herbaceos perennial, and stem tuber can be edible, is the fourth-largest important cereal crops in the whole world, only Inferior to wheat, paddy and corn.South America andes region is originated in, artificial cultivation history can trace back to about B.C. earliest The south of Peru area of 8000 to 5000.Potato tubers contains substantial amounts of starch.The protein nutritive value of potato Very high, its quality is equivalent to the protein of egg, easily digestion, absorption, better than the protein of other crops.Bell potato wedge stem contains Multivitamin and inorganic salts.Potato can be used as vegetables to make delicacies, can also be used as staple food grain.Potato is also that all grains are made Vitamin content is most complete in thing, its content is equivalent to 2 times of carrot, 3 times of Chinese cabbage, 4 times of tomato, and B family vitamin is more It is 4 times of apple.
Potato is people's home cooking, and still, the implantation methods on potato also have shortcoming, barren in some soil fertility Area, the speed of growth of potato is slow and yield cannot be guaranteed, and in addition plant can also respond small and weak.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention in view of the deficienciess of the prior art, to provide a kind of speed of growth fast, yield is high and plants A kind of potato implantation methods of the healthy and strong suitable desert of strain.
The technical solution that the present invention provides is:A kind of potato implantation methods of suitable desert, it is characterised in that:Including Step once.
(1) selected potato seed, select epidermis fresh color, without cracking, without scab, have grams new the 6 of this breediness The new No.1 of number, gram, husky miscellaneous 15, peace potato 58, peace potato 56, the red skin in Taiwan etc., potato wedge size is advisable with 25-50 grams or so;
(2) potato seed is handled
A, block potato;During stripping and slicing should from top to umbilical region rip cutting, make every piece be all distributed with top bud embryo, general 50~100 gram 2 Block, 100-150 grams is cut 3 pieces, and more than 150 grams are cut 4 pieces;During stripping and slicing, cutter will sterilize;
B, sterilize;Potato seed after cutting is carried out disinfection processing, by the potato block warm water cleaning of well cutting, then with new fresh grass Wood ash is dressed seed, and notch is uniformly stained with plant ash, is then transplanted;
(3) vernalization is with cutting kind
A, vernalization, broadcast before by potato seed be placed on 15~20 DEG C interior and cover 2 cm thicks moistening continuous sand;When bud grow to It is placed on during 0.5~1cm in greenhouse and practices bud, makes stripping and slicing after its greening or purpling;Drench with rain frost, solar exposure are avoided during vernalization;Cut Avoid vernalization and storage on cement flooring, the rotten potato of disease, the potato wedge that budding is slow, bud is very thin are chosen and picked, does not make potato seed;
B, kind is cut
First, in order to ensure that potato emergence is neat, it is necessary to break apical dominance.Put to indulge centered on potato wedge terminal bud and split one Knife, is cut into two pieces and then cuts again.;Second, potato wedge weight is suitable, each stripping and slicing 50g of stripping and slicing in this year or so, top is slightly smaller, afterbody It is slightly larger;Third, each stripping and slicing should have 2 bud eyes;Fourth, to be cut into polygon, avoid and cut into inch strips or thin slice;Specific cutting method:50 grams The small potato wedge of left and right is divided into two from the top that bud eye is concentrated, and each stripping and slicing will retain terminal bud;, can be from afterbody during yampi stripping and slicing Start, chamfer to top by the bud eye of helical pattern, finally the top that bud eye is concentrated is divided into two;
(4) fertilizer is selected according to breeding time, using sufficient base manure can promote potato with luxuriant foliage and spreading branches in leafy profusion early period, well developed root system;In fertilizer In the selection of material based on composite fertilizer, whole cultivation all uses nitrogen: phosphorus: potassium ratio for 15: 10: 15 composite fertilizer;Need It is to be noted that composite fertilizer's fertilizer efficiency is high, it is easy to use, but higher price, increase production cost, and proportioning is unreasonable, especially phosphorus element contains Measure it is excessive, crop absorb not exclusively is stranded in soil, cause to waste, environment easy to pollute;
(5) field management.
A, it is early to chase after seed manure, see that seedling imposes fertile and long potato fertilizer of buddingging;(1) seedling have 30% or so be unearthed when, mu applies ammonium bicarbonate 40 Jin, which is watered to pour, to be applied;(2) budding florescence, mu chases after 30 jin of urea;(3) long potato fertilizer, generally based on potash fertilizer, 20 jin of left sides of mu potassium application It is right;(4) steep long seedling is controlled, sprays 0.1-0.2% cycocels solution or 0.2% Bordeaux mixture (equivalent formula) spraying;
B, tillage and weeding and ridging;(1) principle of tillage and weeding:Slubbing is deep, and two is shallow, and three shave;(2) earth up: With reference to tillage and weeding, earthed up twice, thicken knot potato layer;C, irrigation and draining 1) rainy season;Ditch cleaning drainage, is dredged " three ditches ", Stain is avoided to do harm to.
Further, tongue and topping (1) defloration flower bud are plucked:20% can be increased production by plucking tongue, and defloration can increase production 15%;(2) defloration flower bud Method:Budding when blooming up to 40%, remove bud for the first time, carried out 1 time every 3 days, it is 2-3 times continuous, pinch inflorescence base portion with hand Carry and pinching upwards;(3) go to push up:Go to withstand on progress mid-April;When stem tuber diameter has 3~5cm, remove top 1cm or so i.e. Can.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention passes through the potato implantation methods of science, increase soil The robust plant degree of beans, can also make potato get bumper crops, increase the speed of growth of potato, and ripe speed in the barren area of fertility Degree.Make the popularization of potato more convenient.
Embodiment
In order to make the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention easy to understand, tie below Specific embodiment is closed, the present invention is further explained.
Embodiment 1
A kind of potato implantation methods of suitable desert, it is characterised in that:Including step once.
(1) selected potato seed, select epidermis fresh color, without cracking, without scab, have grams new the 6 of this breediness Number, potato wedge size is advisable with 25 grams or so;
(2) potato seed is handled
A, block potato;During stripping and slicing should from top to umbilical region rip cutting, make every piece be all distributed with top bud embryo, general 50~100 gram 2 Block, 100-150 grams is cut 3 pieces, and more than 150 grams are cut 4 pieces;During stripping and slicing, cutter will sterilize;
B, sterilize;Potato seed after cutting is carried out disinfection processing, by the potato block warm water cleaning of well cutting, then with new fresh grass Wood ash is dressed seed, and notch is uniformly stained with plant ash, is then transplanted;
(3) vernalization is with cutting kind
A, vernalization, broadcast before by potato seed be placed on 15 DEG C interior and cover 2 cm thicks moistening continuous sand;When bud grow to It is placed on during 0.5cm in greenhouse and practices bud, makes stripping and slicing after its greening or purpling;Drench with rain frost, solar exposure are avoided during vernalization;Never exist Vernalization and storage on cement flooring, choose the rotten potato of disease, the potato wedge that budding is slow, bud is very thin to pick, do not make potato seed;
B, kind is cut
First, in order to ensure that potato emergence is neat, it is necessary to break apical dominance.Put to indulge centered on potato wedge terminal bud and split one Knife, is cut into two pieces and then cuts again.;Second, potato wedge weight is suitable, each stripping and slicing 50g of stripping and slicing in this year or so, top is slightly smaller, afterbody It is slightly larger;Third, each stripping and slicing should have 2 bud eyes;Fourth, to be cut into polygon, avoid and cut into inch strips or thin slice;Specific cutting method:50 grams The small potato wedge of left and right is divided into two from the top that bud eye is concentrated, and each stripping and slicing will retain terminal bud;, can be from afterbody during yampi stripping and slicing Start, chamfer to top by the bud eye of helical pattern, finally the top that bud eye is concentrated is divided into two;
(4) fertilizer is selected according to breeding time, using sufficient base manure can promote potato with luxuriant foliage and spreading branches in leafy profusion early period, well developed root system;In fertilizer In the selection of material based on composite fertilizer, whole cultivation all uses nitrogen: phosphorus: potassium ratio for 15: 10: 15 composite fertilizer;Need It is to be noted that composite fertilizer's fertilizer efficiency is high, it is easy to use, but higher price, increase production cost, and proportioning is unreasonable, especially phosphorus element contains Measure it is excessive, crop absorb not exclusively is stranded in soil, cause to waste, environment easy to pollute;
(5) field management.
A, it is early to chase after seed manure, see that seedling imposes fertile and long potato fertilizer of buddingging;(1) seedling have 30% or so be unearthed when, mu applies ammonium bicarbonate 40 Jin, which is watered to pour, to be applied;(2) budding florescence, mu chases after 30 jin of urea;(3) long potato fertilizer, generally based on potash fertilizer, 20 jin of left sides of mu potassium application It is right;(4) steep long seedling is controlled, sprays 0.1% cycocel solution or 0.2% Bordeaux mixture (equivalent formula) spraying;
B, tillage and weeding and ridging;(1) principle of tillage and weeding:Slubbing is deep, and two is shallow, and three shave;(2) earth up: With reference to tillage and weeding, earthed up twice, thicken knot potato layer;C, irrigation and draining 1) rainy season;Ditch cleaning drainage, is dredged " three ditches ", Stain is avoided to do harm to.
The basic principles, main features and the advantages of the invention have been shown and described above.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe this The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and modifications of the present invention are possible, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (2)

  1. A kind of 1. potato implantation methods of suitable desert, it is characterised in that:Including step once;
    1) selected potato seed, selects epidermis fresh color, without cracking, gram new No. 6, gram without scab, with this breediness New No.1, husky miscellaneous 15, peace potato 58, peace potato 56, the red skin in Taiwan etc., potato wedge size is advisable with 25-50 grams or so;
    2) potato seed is handled
    A, block potato;During stripping and slicing should from top to umbilical region rip cutting, make every piece be all distributed with top bud embryo, general 50~100 grams 2 pieces, 100-150 grams is cut 3 pieces, and more than 150 grams are cut 4 pieces;During stripping and slicing, cutter will sterilize;
    B, sterilize;Potato seed after cutting is carried out disinfection processing, by the potato block warm water cleaning of well cutting, then with fresh plant ash Seed dressing, makes notch uniformly be stained with plant ash, then transplants;
    3) vernalization is with cutting kind
    A, vernalization, broadcast before by potato seed be placed on 15~20 DEG C interior and cover 2 cm thicks moistening continuous sand;When bud length to 0.5 It is placed on during~1cm in greenhouse and practices bud, makes stripping and slicing after its greening or purpling;Drench with rain frost, solar exposure are avoided during vernalization;Never exist Vernalization and storage on cement flooring, choose the rotten potato of disease, the potato wedge that budding is slow, bud is very thin to pick, do not make potato seed;
    B, kind is cut
    First, in order to ensure that potato emergence is neat, it is necessary to break apical dominance.Put to indulge centered on potato wedge terminal bud and split a knife, cut Cut into two pieces and then again.;Second, potato wedge weight is suitable, each stripping and slicing 50g of stripping and slicing in this year or so, top is slightly smaller, and afterbody is slightly larger A bit;Third, each stripping and slicing should have 2 bud eyes;Fourth, to be cut into polygon, avoid and cut into inch strips or thin slice;Specific cutting method:50 grams or so Small potato wedge be divided into two from the top that bud eye is concentrated, each stripping and slicing will retain terminal bud;During yampi stripping and slicing, it can be opened from afterbody Begin, chamfer to top by the bud eye of helical pattern, finally the top that bud eye is concentrated is divided into two;
    4) fertilizer is selected according to breeding time, using sufficient base manure can promote potato with luxuriant foliage and spreading branches in leafy profusion early period, well developed root system;In the choosing of fertilizer Select based on composite fertilizer, whole cultivation all uses nitrogen: phosphorus: potassium ratio for 15: 10: 15 composite fertilizer;It should be noted It is that composite fertilizer fertilizer efficiency is high, it is easy to use, but higher price, increase production cost, and match unreasonable, especially phosphorus content mistake Height, crop, which absorbs, to be not exclusively stranded in soil, causes to waste, environment easy to pollute;
    5) field management.
    A, it is early to chase after seed manure, see that seedling imposes fertile and long potato fertilizer of buddingging;1) seedling have 30% or so be unearthed when, mu is applied 40 jin of ammonium bicarbonate and is watered Pour and apply;2) budding florescence, mu chases after 30 jin of urea;3) long potato fertilizer, generally based on potash fertilizer, 20 jin or so of mu potassium application;4) control The steep long seedling of system, sprays 0.1-0.2% cycocels solution or the spraying of 0.2% Bordeaux mixture;
    B, tillage and weeding and ridging;1) principle of tillage and weeding:Slubbing is deep, and two is shallow, and three shave;2) earth up:With reference in Weeding, is earthed up twice, thickeies knot potato layer;C, irrigation and draining 1) rainy season;Ditch cleaning drainage, dredges " three ditches ", avoids stain Evil.
  2. A kind of 2. potato implantation methods of suitable desert according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Pluck tongue and topping 1) defloration flower bud:20% can be increased production by plucking tongue, and defloration can increase production 15%;2) defloration flower bud method:Budding when blooming up to 40%, go for the first time Bud, carried out 1 time every 3 days, 2-3 times continuous, pinches inflorescence base portion with hand and carries upwards and pinches;3) go to push up:Go to withstand in 4 months Ten days carries out;When stem tuber diameter has 3~5cm, remove top 1cm or so.
CN201711220253.XA 2017-11-21 2017-11-21 A kind of potato implantation methods of suitable desert Pending CN107926565A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109315252A (en) * 2018-12-07 2019-02-12 玉林市农业科学院(广西农业科学院桂东南分院) A kind of Winter potato method for culturing and transplanting seedlings
CN112075309A (en) * 2020-05-06 2020-12-15 云南省农业科学院生物技术与种质资源研究所 Method for increasing yield by adopting earthing pruning to extract winter potatoes

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109315252A (en) * 2018-12-07 2019-02-12 玉林市农业科学院(广西农业科学院桂东南分院) A kind of Winter potato method for culturing and transplanting seedlings
CN112075309A (en) * 2020-05-06 2020-12-15 云南省农业科学院生物技术与种质资源研究所 Method for increasing yield by adopting earthing pruning to extract winter potatoes

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