CN107926419A - The cultural method of wild jujube - Google Patents

The cultural method of wild jujube Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107926419A
CN107926419A CN201711121566.XA CN201711121566A CN107926419A CN 107926419 A CN107926419 A CN 107926419A CN 201711121566 A CN201711121566 A CN 201711121566A CN 107926419 A CN107926419 A CN 107926419A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling
plantation
soil
fertilizer
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711121566.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张恩贵
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qian Fu Real Family Farm In Bobai County Guangxi
Original Assignee
Qian Fu Real Family Farm In Bobai County Guangxi
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Qian Fu Real Family Farm In Bobai County Guangxi filed Critical Qian Fu Real Family Farm In Bobai County Guangxi
Priority to CN201711121566.XA priority Critical patent/CN107926419A/en
Publication of CN107926419A publication Critical patent/CN107926419A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The present invention is intended to provide a kind of cultural method of wild jujube, comprises the following steps:(1)Site preparation,(2)Ridging,(3)Seedling selection,(4)Seedling processing,(5)Plantation,(6)Soil moisture conservation,(7)Water and fertilizer management,(8)Disease control.This method overcomes the defects of prior art survival rate is low, fruit-setting rate is low, has the characteristics that survival rate is high, yield is high, completely filled fruit.

Description

The cultural method of wild jujube
Technical field
The present invention relates to cultivation of fruit tree method, and in particular to the cultural method of wild jujube.
Background technology
Wild jujube Pterostyrax shrub section xylophyta, is mainly grown on the tailo area in loess plateau, wild jujube branch is barbed, Ye Cheng Oblong, early summer bloom, and fruit is for example not of uniform size, sweet and sour.Wild jujube tree likes the environment of warm drying, alkaline-resisting, cold-resistant, resistance to Non-irrigated, barren-resistant, intolerant to waterlogging is adaptable, and the continuous tiller of its tree root energy, breeding is quickly.Wild jujube tree is 1~3 meter high, old branch brown, Sprout is green, and thorn is divided to two kinds on branch, and one pierces for aciculiform, is about 2cm, and one is contrary flexure thorn, is about 5mm;Leaf alternate, petiole is extremely short, Stipule is elongated, needle-shaped;Blade ellipse is to ovum shape lanceolar, long 2.5~5cm, wide 1.2~3cm, the short point of apex and blunt, base portion There are serration, master pulse 3 in deflection, edge.The wild jujube florescence is 4~May, and fruiting period is 9~October.Existing wild jujube implantation methods lack System administration, has the defects of survival rate is low, fruit-setting rate is low.
The content of the invention
The present invention is intended to provide a kind of cultural method of wild jujube, this method overcomes that prior art survival rate is low, fruit-setting rate is low The defects of, have the characteristics that survival rate is high, yield is high, completely filled fruit.
Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of cultural method of wild jujube, comprises the following steps:
(1)Site preparation:Selection face south hillside fields be planting site, autumn ploughs deeply 10~20cm of soil, per acre applications of farmyard manure 500~ 800kg;1 month shallow 5~10cm of ground that digs before plantation, per acre using 15~20kg of urea;
(2)Ridging:After planting site base manure uses sufficient, pour water, when surface soil is in semi-moist state, ridging, row spacing 1- 1.4m;
(3)Seedling selects:Robust growth, full of leaves and into light green is selected, rugosity is in 0.8~1.0cm, the highly children for 20-30cm Seedling is as cultivation seedling;
(4)Seedling is handled:Clear water is sprayed 2~3 times to seedling branches and leaves, then root is carried out at spray with 800 times of Bordeaux mixture Reason;
(5)Plantation:Kind of a plant hole is dug, plants 3~5cm of acupoint depth, 4~5cm of cave footpath, plant hole 30~50cm of spacing is planted, then by children Seedling is tiltedly put in kind of plant hole with 30 ° of angles, then the farm manure of 2~3cm is covered into kind of plant hole, is poured earthing after water saturates and is gently pressed;
(6)Soil moisture conservation:After the completion of plantation, one layer of excrement of paving in the range of plantation week 10~20cm of cave, and after burying excrement with sandy soil Pour water-soaked;
(7)Water and fertilizer management:Water once, and apply composite fertilizer 15kg per acre within the 10-15 days after plantation;Plant the 25-30 days pines Soil simultaneously waters;Loosen the soil during plantation 45-50 days and apply well-rotted farmyard manure 300kg per acre;
(8)Disease control:Each 3-5 months, sprinkling prevention liquid.
Preferably, N is fertile in composite fertilizer in the step (7):P fertilizer:K fertilizer ratio is 6:1 :2.
Preferably, the prevention liquid is 500 times of liquid of DDVP, 2.5% time missible oil, 2000 times of liquid or 25% triazolone 1000 ~ 1500 times of liquid of wettable powder.
Preferably, following management process is further included:The borax solution of florescence spray 0.3%;Afterwards first quarter moon spray one time 0.3 ~ 0.5% urea and 0.2% ~ 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate.
The present invention improves the survival rate of wild jujube, and pass through ridging, soil moisture conservation using the method cultivation wild jujube of sprigging Further promote the hair tonic of wild jujube seedling with surviving etc. means;Also, the special management in cultivation be also play it is key Effect:The borax solution of florescence spray 0.3%, can significantly improve fruit-setting rate, the urea and potassium dihydrogen phosphate sprayed afterwards can Blade face supplementary fertilizer is effectively performed, ensures the growth of sapling.
Embodiment
The present invention is illustrated with reference to specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1
A kind of cultural method of wild jujube provided in this embodiment, comprises the following steps:
(1)Site preparation:Hillside fields is planting site on the sunny side for selection, and autumn ploughs deeply soil 10cm, per acre applications of farmyard manure 500kg, 1 before plantation A month shallow ground 5 of digging, per acre using urea 15;
(2)Ridging:After planting site base manure uses sufficient, pour water, when surface soil is in semi-moist state, ridging, row spacing 1m;
(3)Seedling selects:Select robust growth, full of leaves and into light green, rugosity is highly the seedling of 20cm as planting in 0.8cm Train seedling;
(4)Seedling is handled:Clear water is sprayed 2 times to seedling branches and leaves, spray process then is carried out to root with 800 times of Bordeaux mixture;
(5)Plantation:Kind of a plant hole is dug, plants acupoint depth 3cm, cave footpath 4cm, plants plant hole spacing 30cm, it is then that seedling is oblique with 30 ° of angles It is put in kind of plant hole, then the farm manure of 2cm is covered into kind of plant hole, pours earthing after water saturates and gently press;
(6)Soil moisture conservation:After the completion of plantation, one layer of excrement is spread in the range of plantation week cave 10cm, and water after burying excrement with sandy soil Soak;
(7)Water and fertilizer management:Water once, and apply composite fertilizer 15kg per acre within the 10th day after plantation;Plant the 25th day and loosen the soil and pour Water;Loosen the soil during plantation 45 days and apply well-rotted farmyard manure 300kg per acre;
(8)Disease control:Each 3 months, sprinkling prevention liquid;
N fertilizer in composite fertilizer in the step (7):P fertilizer:K fertilizer ratio is 6:1 :2;
The prevention liquid is 500 times of liquid of DDVP;
Further include following management process:The borax solution of florescence spray 0.3%;Afterwards first quarter moon spray one time 0.3% urea and 0.2%% potassium dihydrogen phosphate.
Embodiment 2
The cultural method of wild jujube provided in this embodiment, comprises the following steps:
(1)Site preparation:Hillside fields is planting site on the sunny side for selection, and autumn ploughs deeply soil 20cm, per acre applications of farmyard manure 800kg;1 before plantation A month shallow ground 10cm that digs, per acre using urea 20kg;
(2)Ridging:After planting site base manure uses sufficient, pour water, when surface soil is in semi-moist state, ridging, row spacing 1.4m;
(3)Seedling selects:Select robust growth, full of leaves and into light green, rugosity is highly the seedling of 30cm as planting in 1.0cm Train seedling;
(4)Seedling is handled:Clear water is sprayed 3 times to seedling branches and leaves, spray process then is carried out to root with 800 times of Bordeaux mixture;
(5)Plantation:Kind of a plant hole is dug, plants acupoint depth 5cm, cave footpath 5cm, plants plant hole spacing 50cm, it is then that seedling is oblique with 30 ° of angles It is put in kind of plant hole, then the farm manure of 3cm is covered into kind of plant hole, pours earthing after water saturates and gently press;
(6)Soil moisture conservation:After the completion of plantation, one layer of excrement is spread in the range of plantation week cave 20cm, and water after burying excrement with sandy soil Soak;
(7)Water and fertilizer management:Water once, and apply composite fertilizer 15kg per acre within the 15th day after plantation;Plant the 30th day and loosen the soil and pour Water;Loosen the soil during plantation 50 days and apply well-rotted farmyard manure 300kg per acre;
(8)Disease control:Each 5 months, sprinkling prevention liquid;
N fertilizer in composite fertilizer in the step (7):P fertilizer:K fertilizer ratio is 6:1 :2;
The prevention liquid is 25% trazodone wettable powder, 1500 times of liquid.
Further include following management process:The borax solution of florescence spray 0.3%;First quarter moon sprays the urea of one time 0.5% afterwards With 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of cultural method of wild jujube, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1)Site preparation:Selection face south hillside fields be planting site, autumn ploughs deeply 10~20cm of soil, per acre applications of farmyard manure 500~ 800kg;1 month shallow 5~10cm of ground that digs before plantation, per acre using 15~20kg of urea;
(2)Ridging:After planting site base manure uses sufficient, pour water, when surface soil is in semi-moist state, ridging, row spacing 1- 1.4m;
(3)Seedling selects:Robust growth, full of leaves and into light green is selected, rugosity is in 0.8~1.0cm, the highly children for 20-30cm Seedling is as cultivation seedling;
(4)Seedling is handled:Clear water is sprayed 2~3 times to seedling branches and leaves, then root is carried out at spray with 800 times of Bordeaux mixture Reason;
(5)Plantation:Kind of a plant hole is dug, plants 3~5cm of acupoint depth, 4~5cm of cave footpath, plant hole 30~50cm of spacing is planted, then by children Seedling is tiltedly put in kind of plant hole with 30 ° of angles, then the farm manure of 2~3cm is covered into kind of plant hole, is poured earthing after water saturates and is gently pressed;
(6)Soil moisture conservation:After the completion of plantation, one layer of excrement of paving in the range of plantation week 10~20cm of cave, and after burying excrement with sandy soil Pour water-soaked;
(7)Water and fertilizer management:Water once, and apply composite fertilizer 15kg per acre within the 10-15 days after plantation;Plant the 25-30 days pines Soil simultaneously waters;Loosen the soil during plantation 45-50 days and apply well-rotted farmyard manure 300kg per acre;
(8)Disease control:Each 3-5 months, sprinkling prevention liquid.
2. the cultural method of the wild jujube according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:N in composite fertilizer in the step (7) Fertilizer:P fertilizer:K fertilizer ratio is 6:1 :2.
3. the cultural method of the wild jujube according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The prevention liquid is DDVP 500 Times 1000 ~ 1500 times of liquid, 2.5% time missible oil, 2000 times of liquid or 25% trazodone wettable powder liquid.
4. the cultural method of the wild jujube according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Further include following management process:Florescence The borax solution of spray 0.3%;First quarter moon sprays the urea and 0.2% ~ 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate of one time 0.3 ~ 0.5% afterwards.
CN201711121566.XA 2017-11-14 2017-11-14 The cultural method of wild jujube Pending CN107926419A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711121566.XA CN107926419A (en) 2017-11-14 2017-11-14 The cultural method of wild jujube

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711121566.XA CN107926419A (en) 2017-11-14 2017-11-14 The cultural method of wild jujube

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107926419A true CN107926419A (en) 2018-04-20

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105309264A (en) * 2014-08-05 2016-02-10 康平 Wild jujube tree cultivation method
CN105766509A (en) * 2014-12-18 2016-07-20 赵雪霞 Cultivation method for Rhamnaceae Chinese dates
CN106386331A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Method for cultivating Acer rubrum
CN106613261A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-10 文山州富民红薯种植农民专业合作社 High-yield cultivation method for sweet potatoes

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105309264A (en) * 2014-08-05 2016-02-10 康平 Wild jujube tree cultivation method
CN105766509A (en) * 2014-12-18 2016-07-20 赵雪霞 Cultivation method for Rhamnaceae Chinese dates
CN106386331A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Method for cultivating Acer rubrum
CN106613261A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-10 文山州富民红薯种植农民专业合作社 High-yield cultivation method for sweet potatoes

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