CN107926387A - Agricultural planting greenhouse - Google Patents

Agricultural planting greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107926387A
CN107926387A CN201711425504.8A CN201711425504A CN107926387A CN 107926387 A CN107926387 A CN 107926387A CN 201711425504 A CN201711425504 A CN 201711425504A CN 107926387 A CN107926387 A CN 107926387A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
irrigation
aqueduct
nozzle
water tank
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711425504.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵亚军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tianjin Shidai Xiannong Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Tianjin Shidai Xiannong Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tianjin Shidai Xiannong Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Tianjin Shidai Xiannong Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711425504.8A priority Critical patent/CN107926387A/en
Publication of CN107926387A publication Critical patent/CN107926387A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/247Watering arrangements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/243Collecting solar energy
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/18Water
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of agricultural planting greenhouse, including water unit, osmosizing portion, irrigation portion, water unit includes irrigating pond and rain collector, rain collector with respectively with osmosizing portion, irrigation portion is connected, irrigate pond and pass through water pump and osmosizing portion, irrigation portion is connected, rain collector includes collecting board, diversion trench, aqueduct, water tank, installed between aqueduct and water tank has first filtration apparatus and secondary filter successively, pollutant concentration detection device is provided with diversion trench, diversion trench is equipped with solenoid valve with aqueduct connectivity part, water depth detection device is equipped with water tank, aqueduct is equipped with flow monitor, solenoid valve, pollutant concentration detection device, water depth detection device, flow monitor is connected with controller respectively.The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:It is simple in structure, substantial amounts of water resource is also saved while realizing automation, reduces the workload of work personnel.

Description

Agricultural planting greenhouse
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of plant cultivation, more specifically to a kind of agricultural planting greenhouse.
Background technology
Agricultural irrigation, is primarily referred to as the irrigation operation carried out to agricultural tillage area, and agricultural irrigation mode generally can be divided into biography The surface irrigation of system, common sprinkling irrigation and slight irrigation, traditional surface irrigation includes border irrigation, irrigates through furrow, basins irrigation and flood irrigation, but this kind of irrigation Often water consumption is big, the utilization power of water is relatively low for mode, is a kind of very unreasonable agricultural irrigation mode, in addition, skill of commonly spraying Art is irrigation method more universal in Chinese agriculture production, but the utilization ratio of the water of common sprinkler irrigation technique is not also high, Modern Agriculture The micro- irrigation technique of industry includes microspray irrigation, trickle irrigation, infiltrating irrigation etc., and the general water-saving performance of these irrigation techniques is good, water utilization rate relatively passes Irrigation of uniting is high, and certainly, there is also some drawbacks.In the prior art, the utilization rate of agricultural irrigation water is very low, not only up to Less than Precision Irrigation effect and also waste substantial amounts of water resource, and can not achieve automatic irrigation, increase work people The amount of labour of member, also have impact on the harvest of crop.
The content of the invention
The present invention overcomes deficiency of the prior art, there is provided a kind of agricultural planting greenhouse.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved by following technical proposals.
A kind of agricultural planting greenhouse, including water unit, osmosizing portion, irrigation portion, the water unit include irrigating Chi Heyu Water collecting device, with being connected respectively with the osmosizing portion, the irrigation portion, the irrigation pond passes through the rain collector Water pump is connected with the osmosizing portion, the irrigation portion, and the rain collector includes collecting board, diversion trench, aqueduct, storage Water tank, the collecting board, the diversion trench, the aqueduct, the water tank are sequentially connected, the aqueduct and the water storage Installed between case has first filtration apparatus and secondary filter successively, and pollutant concentration detection is provided with the diversion trench and is set Standby, the diversion trench is equipped with solenoid valve with the aqueduct connectivity part, and water depth detection device is equipped with the water tank, described to draw Water pipe is equipped with flow monitor, the solenoid valve, the pollutant concentration detection device, the water depth detection device, institute Flow monitor is stated respectively with the controller to be connected;
The osmosizing portion includes outlet pipe, osmos tube, and the osmos tube is distributed in a left side for the outlet pipe by connecting tube Right both sides, the infiltration pipe surface are provided with permeability hole, permeability hole outer cladding gauze and the filter screen composition, the filtering Net is located at the outside of gauze;
The irrigation portion includes base and Irrigation shower head body, and the Irrigation shower head body is arranged on the base, institute Stating Irrigation shower head body includes nozzle column, solar panel, nozzle, and the both sides of the nozzle column are equipped with the nozzle, described The top of nozzle column is connected by support column with the solar panel, and the base is equipped with rotating device, the spray The bottom of headpin is installed on the rotating device, and the solar panel is connected with the storage battery group of the rotating device.
Further, the first filtration apparatus filters for the PP cottons of installation.
Further, the secondary filter filters for bamboo charcoal.
Further, it is described that sand discharging pump is provided with the bottom of water tank, it is connected with and is extended to outside sink on the sand discharging pump Sand discharge pipe.
Further, the solar panel and the nozzle are all provided with being set to hemispherical, are evenly arranged with the nozzle Hole for water spraying.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:
Due to, by the pollutant concentration of pollutant concentration detection device detection knife rainwater, then being closed when exceeded in diversion trench Solenoid valve is closed, closes aqueduct, ensures to exclude the contaminated rain water of high concentration and selective collection cleaning from rainfall runoff in time Rainwater;
The depth of water in flow velocity and water tank by detecting aqueduct, to determine whether closing solenoid valve, reaches accurate Collect the dosage of rainwater;
Irrigated in the case of rainwater storage is insufficient using the water storage irrigated in pond, two ways is combined and filled Irrigate achieve the purpose that it is water-saving;
The water of osmosizing portion is slowly penetrated into soil by permeable formation, crop continuous water supply is irrigated, the little particle of soil It will not be contacted with the drop seepage hole on tube body, so drop seepage hole will not be blocked, dripping pipe energy continuous work, the irrigation of consistent, Achieve the purpose that water-saving irrigation;
The rotatable work in irrigation portion, pours larger range of soil to reach, reduces the number of nozzle in unit area, The using water wisely reached a certain level, it is hemispherical by the way that solar panel is arranged to, no matter rotating device rotates any angle Degree, can all receive solar energy to a greater extent, can utilize solar energy to a greater extent.
Present invention meter is scientific and reasonable, simple in structure, and substantial amounts of water resource is also saved while realizing automation, reduces The workload of work personnel.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of osmosizing portion;
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram in irrigation portion;
In figure:
1st, collecting board;2nd, diversion trench;3rd, aqueduct;4th, first filtration apparatus;5th, secondary filter;
6th, water tank;7th, pond is irrigated;8th, water pump;9th, osmosizing portion;10th, irrigation portion;11st, outlet pipe;
12nd, osmos tube;13rd, connecting tube;14th, permeability hole;15th, gauze is covered;16th, filter screen;
17th, Irrigation shower head body;18th, base;19th, nozzle column;20th, solar panel;21st, nozzle;
22nd, support column;23rd, rotating device;24th, storage battery group.
Embodiment
Technical scheme is further described below by specific embodiment.
A kind of agricultural planting greenhouse as shown in Figs. 1-3, including water unit, osmosizing portion, irrigation portion, the water unit include Pond 7 and rain collector are irrigated, the rain collector with the osmosizing portion, the irrigation portion with being connected respectively, institute State irrigate pond 7 be connected by water pump 8 with the osmosizing portion, the irrigation portion, the rain collector including collecting board 1, Diversion trench 2, aqueduct 3, water tank 6, collecting board 1, diversion trench 2, aqueduct 3, water tank 6 are sequentially connected, aqueduct 3 and water storage Installed between case 6 has first filtration apparatus 4 and secondary filter 5 successively, and pollutant concentration detection is provided with diversion trench 2 and is set Standby, diversion trench 2 is equipped with solenoid valve with 3 connectivity part of aqueduct, and water depth detection device is equipped with water tank 6, and aqueduct 3 is equipped with stream Speed detector, the solenoid valve, the pollutant concentration detection device, the water depth detection device, flow rate detection dress Put and be connected respectively with the controller;
Osmosizing portion 9 includes outlet pipe 11, osmos tube 12, and osmos tube 12 is distributed in the left and right of outlet pipe 11 by connecting tube 13 Both sides, 12 surface of osmos tube are provided with permeability hole 14, and 14 outer cladding gauze 15 of permeability hole and filter screen 16 form, filter screen position 16 in the outside of gauze 15;
The irrigation portion includes base 18 and Irrigation shower head body 17, and Irrigation shower head body 17 is arranged on base 18, fills Irrigating head body 17 includes nozzle column 19, solar panel 20, nozzle 21, and the both sides of nozzle column 19 are equipped with the nozzle 21, The top of nozzle column 19 is connected by support column 22 with solar panel 20, and base 18 is equipped with rotating device 23, nozzle The bottom of column 19 is installed on rotating device 23, and solar panel 20 is connected with the storage battery group 24 of rotating device 23.
First filtration apparatus 4 filters for the PP cottons of installation.
Secondary filter 5 filters for bamboo charcoal.
Sand discharging pump is provided with the bottom of water tank 6, the sand discharge pipe extended to outside sink is connected with the sand discharging pump.
Solar panel 20 and nozzle 21 are all provided with being set to hemispherical, and hole for water spraying is evenly arranged with nozzle 21.
The course of work, the pollutant concentration of the pollutant concentration detection device detection knife rainwater in diversion trench, when exceeded Solenoid valve is then closed, closes aqueduct, ensures to exclude the contaminated rain water and selective collection of high concentration from rainfall runoff in time Clean rainwater;When the depth information of water reaches standard volume in the flow velocity and water tank of detection aqueduct, controller closes solenoid valve, Stop collecting rainwater;Irrigated in the case of rainwater storage is insufficient using the water storage irrigated in pond, two ways combines Carry out irrigate achieve the purpose that it is water-saving;The water of osmosizing portion is slowly penetrated into soil by permeable formation, and crop continuous water supply is filled To irrigate, the little particle of soil will not be contacted with the drop seepage hole on tube body, so drop seepage hole will not be blocked, dripping pipe energy continuous work, The irrigation of consistent, achievees the purpose that water-saving irrigation;The rotatable work in irrigation portion, larger range of soil is poured to reach, Reduce the number of nozzle in unit area, the using water wisely reached a certain level, by the way that solar panel is arranged to half It is spherical, no matter rotating device rotates any angle, solar energy can be all received to a greater extent, can be utilized to a greater extent Solar energy.
One embodiment of the present of invention is described in detail above, but the content is only the preferable implementation of the present invention Example, it is impossible to be construed as limiting the practical range of the present invention.All all the changes and improvements made according to the present patent application scope Deng, should all still belong to the present invention patent covering scope within.

Claims (5)

  1. A kind of 1. agricultural planting greenhouse, it is characterised in that:Including water unit, osmosizing portion, irrigation portion, the water unit includes filling Pond and rain collector are irrigate, the rain collector with the osmosizing portion, the irrigation portion with being connected respectively, the filling Pond is irrigate by water pump with the osmosizing portion, the irrigation portion to be connected, the rain collector include collecting board, diversion trench, Aqueduct, water tank, the collecting board, the diversion trench, the aqueduct, the water tank are sequentially connected, the aqueduct Installed between the water tank has first filtration apparatus and secondary filter successively, and pollutant is provided with the diversion trench Concentration detection device, the diversion trench are equipped with solenoid valve with the aqueduct connectivity part, water depth detection are equipped with the water tank Device, the aqueduct are equipped with flow monitor, the solenoid valve, the pollutant concentration detection device, the depth of water Detection device, the flow monitor are connected with the controller respectively;
    The osmosizing portion includes outlet pipe, osmos tube, and the osmos tube is distributed in the left and right two of the outlet pipe by connecting tube Side, the infiltration pipe surface are provided with permeability hole, permeability hole outer cladding gauze and the filter screen composition, the filter screen position In the outside of gauze;
    The irrigation portion includes base and Irrigation shower head body, and the Irrigation shower head body is arranged on the base, the filling Irrigating head body includes nozzle column, solar panel, nozzle, and the both sides of the nozzle column are equipped with the nozzle, the nozzle The top of column is connected by support column with the solar panel, and the base is equipped with rotating device, the nozzle column Bottom be installed on the rotating device on, the solar panel is connected with the storage battery group of the rotating device.
  2. 2. agricultural planting greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The first filtration apparatus is the PP of installation Cotton is filtered.
  3. 3. agricultural planting greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The secondary filter is bamboo charcoal mistake Filter.
  4. 4. agricultural planting greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described that the bottom of water tank is provided with row Sand pumps, and the sand discharge pipe extended to outside sink is connected with the sand discharging pump.
  5. 5. agricultural planting greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The solar panel and the nozzle It is all provided with being set to hemispherical, hole for water spraying is evenly arranged with the nozzle.
CN201711425504.8A 2017-12-25 2017-12-25 Agricultural planting greenhouse Pending CN107926387A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711425504.8A CN107926387A (en) 2017-12-25 2017-12-25 Agricultural planting greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711425504.8A CN107926387A (en) 2017-12-25 2017-12-25 Agricultural planting greenhouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107926387A true CN107926387A (en) 2018-04-20

Family

ID=61940081

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711425504.8A Pending CN107926387A (en) 2017-12-25 2017-12-25 Agricultural planting greenhouse

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107926387A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108934584A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-12-07 天津斯克奈金属科技发展有限公司 A kind of agricultural Internet of Things information management system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108934584A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-12-07 天津斯克奈金属科技发展有限公司 A kind of agricultural Internet of Things information management system

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