CN1079188C - Fast peony breed improving technology - Google Patents

Fast peony breed improving technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1079188C
CN1079188C CN97101643A CN97101643A CN1079188C CN 1079188 C CN1079188 C CN 1079188C CN 97101643 A CN97101643 A CN 97101643A CN 97101643 A CN97101643 A CN 97101643A CN 1079188 C CN1079188 C CN 1079188C
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China
Prior art keywords
scion
tree peony
stock
peony
clamp
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CN97101643A
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CN1189964A (en
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刘祝远
乔留章
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TIANXIANG PEONY HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd ZHENGZHOU
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TIANXIANG PEONY HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd ZHENGZHOU
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a fast replanting and prompting technology for peonies. Common peony plants, such as white Fengdan peonies, or peony seedlings, etc., are optimized as parental stocks, peony branches with flower buds are used as grafts, a branch grafting below a high branch layer is adopted to carry out replanting and breeding on the ground, and replanted peonies are directly used as promoted plants. The technology shortens the culture period of the peonies to 70 days from the original 5 to 7 years, and peonies can bloom before the spring festival and the New Year (or the Christmas). The survival rate of the peonies can reach more than 95%, and assorted peonies of one plant with multiple colors can be cultured. Compared with the traditional peony grafting and flower forcing technology, the present invention can reduce the cost of each peony by 70 of 80%, and has great popularization value and wide international market prospect.

Description

Tree peony replants facilitates method
Technical field:
The present invention relates to the grafting of flowers and facilitate method, especially tree peony replants fast and facilitates method.
Background technology:
Tree peony is China's special product rare flower, is described as the king in spending.Since with Tang, the several years become national flower in history.According to textual criticism, China's tree peony cultivation history has bimillennium.But scorching up till now ending, the tree peony grafting that China is traditional and facilitate (being flower forcing) method, respectively, independently carry out always.The tree peony grafting is as a kind of process for breeding and culturing, usually all be one by plant division, two is stock by selecting Chinese herbaceous peony root or tree peony root, grafting tree peony soil bud or with the scion of the living then shoot row culture of kind tree peony, by underground breeding, annual late August (Limit of Heat) to early October (Cold Dew), adopt that cleft grafting (promptly raise and connect) method one strain is of the same colour carries out propagation by grafiting, the steps include: 1, the bilateral symmetry at 2~3cm place, scion bottom be whittled into wedge shape with grafting knife; 2, treated Chinese herbaceous peony root or tree peony root are scabbled the top, and the breach that one side equates with scion wedge shape bevel approximately from length of the downward rip cutting of soil at the top, the degree of depth be stock thick 2/3; 3, the scion that will cut is inserted in the stock breach from top to down, and both are connected airtight, and both sides' cortex is aimed at; 4, from top to bottom tie up grafting part with numb skin then, and with rare clay mortar closed interface; 5, cultivation stock, the grave mound height is advisable to exceed scion terminal bud 3~5cm, and makes real table soil gently, and soil moisture conservation is passed the winter.The contact area that this grafting method forms scion cambium and stock is little, and the healing point is few, and survival rate is low, by underground breeding, becomes seedling slow, and the cycle is long.
Generally speaking, traditional tree peony grafting and facilitate method that following major defect is arranged: the one, discontinuous, the breeding cycle is long.Do the tree peony of stock grafting with Chinese herbaceous peony root or tree peony root, need growth just can become the flower forcing plant in 5~7 years; Two is that a strain is of the same colour, and ornamental value is relatively low; The 3rd, the cost height.It is long to cultivate the perennial kind peony plant cycle, the cost height, no matter and tree peony is facilitated, and to be that winter south is outdoor facilitate or northern greenhouse is facilitated, all be to pass through the strict perennial kind tree peony of selecting as facilitating plant, to facilitating the selecting of plant, lifting, packing, transportation and management expectancy height, cause the cost height, productivity ratio is low, is unfavorable for popularizing of tree peony flowers; The 4th, adopt the survival rate of cleft graft tree peony low at present (generally only being 10~20%), easily to wear out even survive also, the life-span is not long.
The defective that the objective of the invention is to overcome tree peony tradition grafting and facilitate method, provide a kind of tree peony to replant fast and facilitate new method, the solution tree peony breeding cycle is long, cost is high, pattern is single, graft survival rate is low and easy aging problem, improve the scientific and technological level and the productivity ratio of tree peony cultivation breeding, better meet the demand of people ornamental flower.
Summary of the invention:
For achieving the above object, main points of the present invention are preferred stocks and adopt the grafting method of whip grafting under the branches of tall trees layer to replant fast, promptly do maternal with the improved seeds tree peony, only get the branch of its wounded in the battle bud and do scion, with a skew back of the fringe bottom part of pruning, cut clamp above its truncated section, the opposite side epidermal area of pruning in scion bottom exposes cambium; Select common peony plant to make stock, stock stem top and (or) side of belly or many sides cut cambium by xylem from the top down, and relatively cut cambium one side at xylem and cut and one or morely can block firm stock clamp mutually with the scion upper clip; Then stock is vertically inserted in scion, make between each two corresponding clamp of scion and stock, tighten after connecting airtight between the cambium of stock cambium and scion, replant back healing stage 10~15 days, directly replant tree peony as facilitating plant after healing is good, facilitate method by traditional tree peony with this, according to the plant development requirement of different phase of blooming to temperature, humidity, nutrition, illumination etc., implement corresponding management, just can realize the effect of facilitating of expecting, cultivate high-quality tree peony.
The present invention is with four kinds of technology (cleft graftings of traditional scion grafting, cut-grafting, side grafting, crown grafting) comprehensively is a kind of grafting technology---whip grafting under the branches of tall trees layer, the advantage of above-mentioned four methods of this method collection is an one, make grafting place contact-making surface big, especially the opposite side contact area of pruning between the cambium that the cambium that exposes behind the cortex and stock cut in scion bottom is big, the healing point is many, the conduit of newborn differentiation, screen casing is easily connected healing, add clamp and also play cleft grafting, healing, firmly effect, the faying face that is splayed between plane and the stock xylem after cutting in the scion bottom is not easy to crack, thereby healing becomes one as early as possible, so the graft survival rate height is difficult for aging.Whip grafting is other woody plant, as all using on apple, the peach etc. under this kind branches of tall trees layer.
The red white peony of phoenix or the tree peony seedling plant of advantages such as the common peony plant that the present invention makes stock can preferably have can the plantation of large tracts of land economy, aboundresources, scion is an optimum with the branch of getting the kind tree peony and giving birth to wounded in the battle bud then.
The application can also be from required kind tree peony, and it is identical or different to cut the florescence, and the flower type meets the requirements, and the branch of a plurality of wounded in the battle buds that pattern is various is done the scion of same stock, replants fast to facilitate to be " Shiyangjin tree peony ".
The application is preferably in 1~5cm place, scion bottom, 1/2~3/4 thickness of splaying, and stock cuts cambial length and equates with the scion bottom chamfer length partly of splaying approximately.Clamp on scion and the stock can be respectively protruding (or recessed) shape clamp and recessed (or protruding) shape clamp.
The present invention's " tree peony replants and facilitates method " facilitates method to compare with traditional tree peony grafting, has following major advantage and effect:
1, having shortened the tree peony cultivation greatly facilitates the cycle.The present invention selects the red white peony of phoenix, tree peony seedling plant replaces the Chinese herbaceous peony root or tree peony root is made stock, adopt whip grafting under the branches of tall trees layer, realized tree peony grafting, breeding to the serialization of facilitating overall process technology, seriation and rapid, needed 70 days from replanting to only to facilitate.
2, reproduction speed and the ability of tree peony have been improved.The red white peony of phoenix, tree peony seedling plant adaptability and strong stress resistance, vegetative hybridization advantage are given prominence to.Select the red white peony of phoenix, tree peony seedling plant as stock, adopt " whip grafting under the branches of tall trees layer ", can make the tree peony survival rate up to more than 95%, also can realize kind tree peony and the specialization of propagation by grafiting tree peony cultivation management, thereby improve the quality and the quantity of tree peony breeding and breeding greatly.
3, improved the ornamental value of tree peony.The one, adopt " whip grafting under the branches of tall trees layer ", a strain polychrome grafting breeding, replace existing " cleft graft ", strain grafting of the same colour, can improve exploitation, plantation and the ornamental value of high-grade pattern, flower type kind tree peony greatly; The 2nd, owing to the red white peony adaptability of phoenix, strong stress resistance, the vegetative hybridization advantage is outstanding, can make the rare variety tree peony that much is difficult for flower forcing at present, finishes flower forcing smoothly.
4, greatly reduce tree peony flowers cost.Since with the kind tree peony as female parent, a large amount of resources of saving, present technique makes tree peony replant the cycle of facilitating again to shorten greatly, and can realize serialization, be through operation, facilitate or northern greenhouse is facilitated no matter to be winter to south outdoor, technical matters and traffic condition require relatively low, and the easier grasp of technical matters replants the cost of facilitating thereby greatly reduce tree peony.According to measuring and calculating, compare with traditional tree peony grafting flower forcing technology, the present invention can make every strain tree peony cost reduce by 70~80%.
Above major advantage has been opened up new way for quickly breeding top grade, low-cost tree peony, will impel this rare flower of China to popularize and is expected to enter in enormous quantities the international market.
Description of drawings:
Accompanying drawing 1 is a kind of kind tree peony of the present invention scion figure
Accompanying drawing 2 is the another kind of kind tree peony of the present invention scion figure
Accompanying drawing 3 is the red white peony plant of phoenix of the present invention stock figure
Accompanying drawing 4 is for adopting " whip grafting under the branches of tall trees layer ", and a strain polychrome replants the tree peony schematic diagram.
Describe the present invention in detail below in conjunction with embodiment.
Embodiment:
Embodiment one
In mid-November, select robust plant, the hair root prosperity, the tree peony seedling plant of the thick 0.5cm of stem is a stock, by basin pre-treatment on the common stock that adopts and the technical basin of last basin, is put in indoor behind the last basin; Select the kind tree peony branch of giving birth to wounded in the battle bud then of its branch stalwartness, no damage by disease and insect, bud satiation to do scion.
Adopt then " whip grafting under the branches of tall trees layer ", cut 1/2 thickness at a skew back at 1cm place, scion bottom, cut the convex clamp above the position remaining part of splaying, the opposite side of the scion bottom epidermal area of pruning exposes cambium.
Side at tree peony seedling stock stem top, from top to down near xylem cut cambium to approximately with the scion bottom degree of depth that chamfer length partly equates of splaying, and the xylem at the stem top relatively cuts cambium one side and cuts the spill clamp.Then the tree peony seedling stock is vertically inserted in scion, convex clamp in the scion is snapped in the spill clamp of stock securely, connect airtight on two clamp composition surfaces, making the scion bottom insert stock simultaneously cuts in the cambial breach, make between stock cambium and the scion cambium and also connect airtight, tighten grafting part with the nylon straw rope then, through 10 days healing stages, replant tree peony and survive the back, can cultivate the kind tree peony that before the Spring Festival, can bloom by the tree peony improving technology that adopt usually in the present technique field directly as facilitating plant.
Embodiment two
Accompanying drawing 1 to 4 is the embodiment of the invention two.1 is bud among the figure, and 2-1 is the scion epidermal area, and 2-2 is the stock epidermal area, and 3-1 is the scion cambium, and 3-2 is the stock cambium, and 4 is the stock xylem, and 5-1 is a scion convex clamp, and 5-2 is a stock spill clamp, and 6 is the nylon straw rope.
It is stock for the red white peony plant of the phoenix of 1.5cm slightly that this example is selected stem in mid-October.As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, from required two kinds of different cultivars tree peonies, it is identical to cut the florescence, the requirement of flower type symbol, the branch of two wounded in the battle buds 1 that pattern is different is done scion, adopts " whip grafting under the high skill layer ", 1/2 thickness of splaying at 2cm place, every scion grafting fringe bottom, after splaying in the 2cm place, stay part above cut convex clip 5-1, the opposite side epidermal area 2-1 that prunes in 2cm place, scion bottom exposes cambium 3-1.As shown in Figure 3, cambium 3-2 is cut near xylem 4 places from the top down in a side at each branch top of two branches of the red white peony stock of selected same phoenix, it cuts length and equates with the scion chamfer length partly of splaying approximately, and relatively cuts cambium 3-2 one side at branch top xylem 4 and cut spill clamp 5-2.As shown in Figure 4, then in two branches with the red white peony stock of two different cultivars tree peony scion above-mentioned same phoenix of vertical respectively insertion, corresponding recessed card 5-2 is engaged mutually to be connected airtight, each scion bottom part of splaying is inserted respectively in the corresponding breach that stock cut to form 3-2, make between stock cambium 3-2 and the scion cambium 3-1 and connect airtight, the junction is tightened with nylon straw rope 6, healing stage 15 days, plant is facilitated in the plant conduct that replants after surviving, manage by the conventional tree peony improving technology in present technique field, preceding can to leave growing way strong on New Year's Day (or Christmas Day), the Shiyangjin tree peony that flower is not only big but also fragrant.
Embodiment three
Selecting the red white peony plant of phoenix of the thick 1cm of stem is stock; From required kind tree peony, cut the florescence difference, the flower type meets the requirements, the branch of the wounded in the battle bud of racemosus that pattern is various is done scion, adopt whip grafting under the branches of tall trees layer, 3/4 thickness of splaying at 5cm position, every scion grafting fringe bottom is cut the spill clamp above the remaining part in the back of splaying, the opposite side epidermal area of pruning in scion bottom exposes cambium; Cut cambium near xylem from the top down at the stem top of selected stock and a plurality of sides of belly (number equates with the scion number), and relatively cut cambium one side at xylem and cut the convex clamp.Then same stock is vertically inserted in each scion respectively and cut in the cambial corresponding breach, all the other technologies are same as embodiment two.

Claims (7)

1, a kind of tree peony replants and facilitates method, facilitate technology after comprising grafting, it is characterized in that adopting whip grafting under the branches of tall trees layer, its step is done scion for the kind tree peony branch of getting wounded in the battle bud (1), with a skew back of the scion bottom some of pruning, its prune partly above cut scion clamp (5-1), the opposite side of the scion bottom epidermal area (2-1) of pruning exposes cambium (3-1); Select peony plant to make stock, stock stem top and (or) side or many sides of belly relatively cut cambium (3-2) near xylem (4) from the top down, a side cut one or more can with scion upper clip (5-1) the firm stock clamp (5-2) of card mutually; Then stock is vertically inserted in scion, make between each two corresponding clamp of scion and stock, tighten after connecting airtight between stock cambium (3-2) and the scion cambium (3-1), the healing back replants tree peony as facilitating the plant cultivating tree peony with this.
2, tree peony according to claim 1 replants and facilitates method, and the tree peony that it is characterized in that doing stock is red white peony of phoenix or tree peony seedling.
3, tree peony according to claim 1 and 2 replants and facilitates method, it is characterized in that from required kind tree peony, and it is identical or different to cut the florescence, and the flower type meets the requirements, and the branch of a plurality of wounded in the battle bud (1) that pattern is various is done the scion of same stock.
4, tree peony according to claim 1 and 2 replants and facilitates method, and 1/2~3/4 thickness is characterized in that splaying at 1~5cm place, scion bottom.
5, tree peony according to claim 3 replants and facilitates method, and 1/2~3/4 thickness is characterized in that splaying at 1~5cm place, scion bottom.
6, tree peony according to claim 1 and 2 replants and facilitates method, it is characterized in that the clamp on scion and the stock is respectively protruding (or recessed) shape clamp (5-1) and recessed (or protruding) shape clamp (5-2).
7, replant according to the described tree peony of claim 5 and facilitate method, it is characterized in that the clamp on scion and stock is respectively protruding (or recessed) shape clamp (5-1) and recessed (or protruding) shape clamp (5-2).
CN97101643A 1997-02-05 1997-02-05 Fast peony breed improving technology Expired - Fee Related CN1079188C (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101574034B (en) * 2009-04-14 2011-09-14 河南科技大学 Spring festival peony culture method
CN104488575A (en) * 2014-12-22 2015-04-08 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Eucalyptus cloeziana grafting method

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CN103650925B (en) * 2012-09-19 2015-10-07 康仲英 A kind of new method of tree peony grafting
CN104247630A (en) * 2013-11-01 2014-12-31 莱州市宏顺梅花种植科技有限公司 Plum grafting breeding method by combining six-sided healing points
CN104221731A (en) * 2014-09-16 2014-12-24 郎溪庆林生态特色农业观光园有限公司 Rapid grafting planting method for peony
CN104969778A (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-10-14 铜陵梧桐树农业发展有限公司 Peony grafting method
CN104920075A (en) * 2015-05-28 2015-09-23 安顺市西秀区春实绿化苗木有限公司 Grafting method of plum trees and apricot trees
CN104956931A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-10-07 福建省农业科学院果树研究所 Method for producing red and white waxberry fruits
CN105123287A (en) * 2015-10-12 2015-12-09 江西紫园苗木有限公司 Novel seedling grafting cultivation method
CN105248155B (en) * 2015-11-18 2018-09-28 周效文 A kind of breeding method of colorful tree peony
CN107155650A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-09-15 合肥同创园林科技有限公司 A kind of engrafting method of ornamental peonies
CN108200846A (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-06-26 郭胜裕 A kind of pocket planting peonies method
CN109601162B (en) * 2019-01-22 2021-09-14 宁德市农业科学研究所 Two-stage grafting integration method for breeding multi-color peony

Citations (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1067153A (en) * 1992-01-20 1992-12-23 文登市农业畜牧局 Long scion high grafting method
JPH0721352A (en) * 1993-07-05 1995-01-24 Hitachi Ltd Decentralized authoring system

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1067153A (en) * 1992-01-20 1992-12-23 文登市农业畜牧局 Long scion high grafting method
JPH0721352A (en) * 1993-07-05 1995-01-24 Hitachi Ltd Decentralized authoring system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101574034B (en) * 2009-04-14 2011-09-14 河南科技大学 Spring festival peony culture method
CN104488575A (en) * 2014-12-22 2015-04-08 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Eucalyptus cloeziana grafting method

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