CN107904724A - A kind of antibacterial textile threads and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of antibacterial textile threads and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107904724A
CN107904724A CN201711238623.2A CN201711238623A CN107904724A CN 107904724 A CN107904724 A CN 107904724A CN 201711238623 A CN201711238623 A CN 201711238623A CN 107904724 A CN107904724 A CN 107904724A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fiber
parts
chitin
textile threads
antibacterial textile
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711238623.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵志云
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Huzhou China Mdt Infotech Ltd
Original Assignee
Huzhou China Mdt Infotech Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Huzhou China Mdt Infotech Ltd filed Critical Huzhou China Mdt Infotech Ltd
Priority to CN201711238623.2A priority Critical patent/CN107904724A/en
Publication of CN107904724A publication Critical patent/CN107904724A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/02Yarns or threads characterised by the material or by the materials from which they are made
    • D02G3/04Blended or other yarns or threads containing components made from different materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08BPOLYSACCHARIDES; DERIVATIVES THEREOF
    • C08B15/00Preparation of other cellulose derivatives or modified cellulose, e.g. complexes
    • C08B15/02Oxycellulose; Hydrocellulose; Cellulosehydrate, e.g. microcrystalline cellulose
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01FCHEMICAL FEATURES IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF CARBON FILAMENTS
    • D01F9/00Artificial filaments or the like of other substances; Manufacture thereof; Apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture of carbon filaments
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/44Yarns or threads characterised by the purpose for which they are designed
    • D02G3/449Yarns or threads with antibacterial properties
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/02Cotton
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2211/00Protein-based fibres, e.g. animal fibres
    • D10B2211/01Natural animal fibres, e.g. keratin fibres
    • D10B2211/02Wool
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2211/00Protein-based fibres, e.g. animal fibres
    • D10B2211/20Protein-derived artificial fibres
    • D10B2211/24Casein

Abstract

The present invention relates to chemical fibre domain technology field, in particular to a kind of antibacterial textile threads and preparation method thereof.A kind of antibacterial textile threads of the present invention, include the component of following parts by weight:80 ~ 90 parts of cotton fiber, 15 ~ 20 parts of milk protein fiber, 15 ~ 20 parts of bamboo charcoal fiber, 9 ~ 10 parts of chitin fiber, 5 ~ 6 parts of microcrystalline cellulose, 15 ~ 20 parts of wool fiber.At the same time present invention also offers a kind of preparation method of antibacterial textile threads, comprise the following steps:3.5 4.0cm staple fibers are uniformly twisted together after raw material in addition to cotton fiber is mixed, then compound strip can be spun by cotton fiber being combed into through carding machine, again by compound strip with required staple fiber drafting according to a certain percentage, after being combed into combed sliver, again through rove spun yarn winder into yarn, it is twisted together again by spiral on the core, that is, completes the textile material of the present invention.The present invention has good antibacterial and insulating power.

Description

A kind of antibacterial textile threads and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to chemical fibre domain technology field, in particular to a kind of antibacterial textile threads and its preparation side Method.
Background technology
Current weaving face fabric, noveltyization, Composite, variation, the feature of functionalization of the product of height embodiment, to height Performance, high added value, the clothes of specific function, dress ornament and family's textile fabric produce great demand.In recent years, feature is spun in the world It is swift and violent to knit product development, in addition to the functional product such as common Water-proof and oil-proof, antifouling, fire-retardant, uvioresistant, far-infrared warm, resist The functional products such as bacterium, anion also come out successively, and people from pole enriches piece market, more meet the different purposes of people With special consumption demand.
General textile is mostly very warming if being made with pure wool, but the general pure usual crimpness of wool compared with Small, after textile is woven into, wool is not easy to be attached to each other, easy hair loss, and wool proportion reaches 1. 31, the spinning being woven into Fabric heavier-weight, is made the textiles such as cotton-wadded quilt or woollen blanket, and when covering is heavier and uncomfortable.And lack antibacterial ability, easily Cause breathing problem.
Therefore a kind of textile threads with antibacterial ability and good warmth retention effect are needed at present.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the problems, such as that listing provides a kind of textile threads with antibacterial ability and good warmth retention effect, the present invention uses Following technical scheme:
A kind of antibacterial textile threads, it is characterised in that include the component of following parts by weight:
80 ~ 90 parts of cotton fiber, 15 ~ 20 parts of milk protein fiber, 15 ~ 20 parts of bamboo charcoal fiber, 9 ~ 10 parts of chitin fiber, crystallite are fine Dimension plain 5 ~ 6 parts, 15 ~ 20 parts of wool fiber.
Present invention employs the antibacterial ability that the bamboo charcoal fiber scheme mixed with chitin fiber improves the present invention, and Employ milk protein fiber improve the present invention flexibility, skin-friendly improve the present invention gas permeability, wet guilding and guarantor Warm property, and due to containing amino acid in milk protein, skin will not repel this fabric, quite one layer of skin one with people Sample, and have maintenance action to skin.And microcrystalline cellulose is employed in the present invention, microcrystalline cellulose can improve the present invention Viscosity between fiber is so as to improve the mechanical performance of the present invention.
Preferably, the chitin fiber uses nano-chitosan fiber.
Preferably, the nano-chitosan fibre diameter is 50 below nm.
The present invention uses nano-chitosan fiber, can improve the compact structure inside braided wire, so as to improve this The antibacterial thermal insulating ability of invention.
Preferably, the nano-chitosan fiber is synthesized using following methods:Chitin dissolving is made in a solvent Chitin water soluble liquid is obtained, non-solvent is added into chitin solution under agitation makes chitin gradually be regenerated from solution, After material beyond chitin and water is removed, disperse to obtain chitin nano fiber dispersion liquid again, it is dry, obtain nanometer first Shell cellulose fiber.
By the present invention in that the compactness of chitin of the invention can be improved by preparing chitin fiber with this kind of method, from And improve the antibacterial of the present invention and warming ability
Preferably, the solvent includes the component of following parts by weight:20 ~ 30 parts of sodium hydroxides, 5 ~ 10 parts of urea, 70 ~ 80 Part water.
Preferably, the non-solvent uses water or potassium chloride solution.
Using this kind of non-solvent chitin can be caused rapidly to regenerate to help speed up production efficiency, reduce life Produce cost.
Preferably, the chitin is dissolved using following methods:Freezing point is refrigerated to after chitin is mixed with solvent Hereinafter, it is again heated to defrosting above freezing.
Preferably, the microcrystalline cellulose is prepared using following methods:By the potato that water content is 80~95% Slag carries out ultramicro grinding processing, then using amylase and cellulase processing for composite, then enzymolysis product is centrifuged Separation, isolated supernatant as feed ingredient, then isolated residue is carried out successively de- hemicellulose processing with Delignification is handled, and then with acid treatment degraded cellulose, removing remaining starch, microcrystalline cellulose is made after dry.
The method is employed in the present invention to prepare microcrystalline cellulose, has obtained the high microcrystalline cellulose of the small purity of granularity Element so that microcrystalline cellulose can preferably improve the viscosity between fiber of the present invention so as to improve the mechanical performance of the present invention.
A kind of preparation method of antibacterial textile threads, comprises the following steps:After raw material in addition to cotton fiber is mixed uniformly Twisted 3.5-4.0cm staple fibers, compound strip can be spun by being then combed into cotton fiber through carding machine, then by compound strip with required Staple fiber drafting according to a certain percentage, after being combed into combed sliver, then through rove-spun yarn-winder is into yarn, then pass through It is spiral to be twisted together on the core, that is, complete the textile material of the present invention.
The present invention prepares silk thread by this method, it is ensured that has good glue between various composition silk threads of the invention Conjunction property, so as to improve the compactness of the structure inside the present invention, it is therefore prevented that bacterium causes to endanger by breeding on line to human body Evil, improves the antibacterial ability of the present invention.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are the present invention to have good antibacterial and insulating power.
Embodiment
The present invention is further explained with reference to specific implementation case:
Embodiment 1
80 parts of cotton fiber, 15 parts of milk protein fiber, 15 parts of bamboo charcoal fiber, 9 parts of chitin fiber, 5 parts of microcrystalline cellulose, wool 15 parts of fiber.
Wherein, the chitin fiber uses nano-chitosan fiber.
Wherein, the nano-chitosan fibre diameter is 50 below nm.
Wherein, the nano-chitosan fiber is synthesized using following methods:First is made in chitin dissolving in a solvent Shell element aqueous solution, non-solvent is added into chitin solution under agitation makes chitin gradually be regenerated from solution, by first After material beyond shell element and water removes, disperse to obtain chitin nano fiber dispersion liquid again, it is dry, obtain nano-chitosan Fiber.
Wherein, the solvent includes the component of following parts by weight:20 parts of sodium hydroxides, 5 parts of urea, 70 parts of water.
Wherein, the non-solvent uses water or potassium chloride solution.
Wherein, the chitin is dissolved using following methods:Be refrigerated to after chitin is mixed with solvent it is below freezing, It is again heated to defrosting above freezing.
Wherein, the microcrystalline cellulose is prepared using following methods:The potato residues that water content is 95% are subjected to ultra micro Pulverization process, then using amylase and cellulase processing for composite, then is centrifuged enzymolysis product, separates The supernatant arrived is as feed ingredient, then isolated residue is carried out successively at de- hemicellulose processing and delignification Reason, then with acid treatment degraded cellulose, removing remaining starch, microcrystalline cellulose is made after dry.
A kind of preparation method of antibacterial textile threads, comprises the following steps:After raw material in addition to cotton fiber is mixed uniformly Twisted 3.5cm staple fibers, compound strip can be spun by being then combed into cotton fiber through carding machine, then by compound strip with required short Fiber drafting according to a certain percentage, after being combed into combed sliver, then through rove-spun yarn-winder into yarn, then by spiral It is twisted together on the core, that is, completes the textile material of the present invention.
Embodiment 2
90 parts of cotton fiber, 20 parts of milk protein fiber, 20 parts of bamboo charcoal fiber, 10 parts of chitin fiber, 6 parts of microcrystalline cellulose, sheep 20 parts of wool fibre.
Wherein, the chitin fiber uses nano-chitosan fiber.
Wherein, the nano-chitosan fibre diameter is 50 below nm.
Wherein, the nano-chitosan fiber is synthesized using following methods:First is made in chitin dissolving in a solvent Shell element aqueous solution, non-solvent is added into chitin solution under agitation makes chitin gradually be regenerated from solution, by first After material beyond shell element and water removes, disperse to obtain chitin nano fiber dispersion liquid again, it is dry, obtain nano-chitosan Fiber.
Wherein, the solvent includes the component of following parts by weight:20 parts of sodium hydroxides, 5 parts of urea, 70 parts of water.
Wherein, the non-solvent uses water or potassium chloride solution.
Wherein, the chitin is dissolved using following methods:Be refrigerated to after chitin is mixed with solvent it is below freezing, It is again heated to defrosting above freezing.
Wherein, the microcrystalline cellulose is prepared using following methods:The potato residues that water content is 95% are subjected to ultra micro Pulverization process, then using amylase and cellulase processing for composite, then is centrifuged enzymolysis product, separates The supernatant arrived is as feed ingredient, then isolated residue is carried out successively at de- hemicellulose processing and delignification Reason, then with acid treatment degraded cellulose, removing remaining starch, microcrystalline cellulose is made after dry.
A kind of preparation method of antibacterial textile threads, comprises the following steps:After raw material in addition to cotton fiber is mixed uniformly Twisted 3.5cm staple fibers, compound strip can be spun by being then combed into cotton fiber through carding machine, then by compound strip with required short Fiber drafting according to a certain percentage, after being combed into combed sliver, then through rove-spun yarn-winder into yarn, then by spiral It is twisted together on the core, that is, completes the textile material of the present invention.
Embodiment 3
80 parts of cotton fiber, 18 parts of milk protein fiber, 18 parts of bamboo charcoal fiber, 9 parts of chitin fiber, 6 parts of microcrystalline cellulose, wool 15 parts of fiber.
Wherein, the chitin fiber uses nano-chitosan fiber.
Wherein, the nano-chitosan fibre diameter is 50 below nm.
Wherein, the nano-chitosan fiber is synthesized using following methods:First is made in chitin dissolving in a solvent Shell element aqueous solution, non-solvent is added into chitin solution under agitation makes chitin gradually be regenerated from solution, by first After material beyond shell element and water removes, disperse to obtain chitin nano fiber dispersion liquid again, it is dry, obtain nano-chitosan Fiber.
Wherein, the solvent includes the component of following parts by weight:20 parts of sodium hydroxides, 5 parts of urea, 70 parts of water.
Wherein, the non-solvent uses water or potassium chloride solution.
Wherein, the chitin is dissolved using following methods:Be refrigerated to after chitin is mixed with solvent it is below freezing, It is again heated to defrosting above freezing.
Wherein, the microcrystalline cellulose is prepared using following methods:The potato residues that water content is 95% are subjected to ultra micro Pulverization process, then using amylase and cellulase processing for composite, then is centrifuged enzymolysis product, separates The supernatant arrived is as feed ingredient, then isolated residue is carried out successively at de- hemicellulose processing and delignification Reason, then with acid treatment degraded cellulose, removing remaining starch, microcrystalline cellulose is made after dry.
A kind of preparation method of antibacterial textile threads, comprises the following steps:After raw material in addition to cotton fiber is mixed uniformly Twisted 3.5cm staple fibers, compound strip can be spun by being then combed into cotton fiber through carding machine, then by compound strip with required short Fiber drafting according to a certain percentage, after being combed into combed sliver, then through rove-spun yarn-winder into yarn, then by spiral It is twisted together on the core, that is, completes the textile material of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of antibacterial textile threads, it is characterised in that include the component of following parts by weight:
80 ~ 90 parts of cotton fiber, 15 ~ 20 parts of milk protein fiber, 15 ~ 20 parts of bamboo charcoal fiber, 9 ~ 10 parts of chitin fiber, crystallite are fine Dimension plain 5 ~ 6 parts, 15 ~ 20 parts of wool fiber.
A kind of 2. antibacterial textile threads according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The chitin fiber uses nanometer Chitin fiber.
A kind of 3. antibacterial textile threads according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The nano-chitosan fibre diameter is 50 below nm.
A kind of 4. antibacterial textile threads according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The nano-chitosan fiber uses Following methods synthesize:Chitin water soluble liquid is made in chitin dissolving in a solvent, is added under agitation into chitin solution It is next that non-solvent makes chitin gradually be regenerated from solution, after the material beyond chitin and water is removed, disperses to obtain again Chitin nano fiber dispersion liquid, it is dry, obtain nano-chitosan fiber.
A kind of 5. antibacterial textile threads according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The solvent includes following parts by weight Component:20 ~ 30 parts of sodium hydroxides, 5 ~ 10 parts of urea, 70 ~ 80 parts of water.
A kind of 6. antibacterial textile threads according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The non-solvent uses water or chlorination Aqueous solutions of potassium.
7. a kind of antibacterial textile threads according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the chitin uses following methods Dissolving:It is refrigerated to below freezing after chitin is mixed with solvent, is again heated to defrosting above freezing.
8. a kind of antibacterial textile threads according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the microcrystalline cellulose is using following It is prepared by method:The potato residues that water content is 80~95% are subjected to ultramicro grinding processing, then utilize amylase and cellulose Enzyme processing for composite, then enzymolysis product is centrifuged, isolated supernatant is as feed ingredient, then to separation Obtained residue carries out de- hemicellulose processing and delignification's processing successively, then with acid treatment degraded cellulose, remove it is residual Remaining starch, microcrystalline cellulose is made after dry.
9. the preparation method of a kind of antibacterial textile threads according to claim 1, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps: 3.5-4.0cm staple fibers are uniformly twisted together after raw material in addition to cotton fiber is mixed, then cotton fiber is combed into and can spun through carding machine Compound strip, then by compound strip with required staple fiber drafting according to a certain percentage, after being combed into combed sliver, then through thick Yarn-spun yarn-winder is twisted together on the core into yarn, then by spiral, that is, completes the textile material of the present invention.
CN201711238623.2A 2017-11-30 2017-11-30 A kind of antibacterial textile threads and preparation method thereof Pending CN107904724A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108866710A (en) * 2018-07-11 2018-11-23 广州迪柯尼服饰股份有限公司 A kind of textile threads
CN111419068A (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-07-17 浙江新中纺实业有限公司 Method for manufacturing mould-proof curtain with high shading degree

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102505234A (en) * 2011-11-11 2012-06-20 盐城雪尔纺织有限公司 Antibacterial, uvioresistant and thermal blended yarn
CN103059319A (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-04-24 武汉大学 Preparation method of chitin nano fiber
CN103147200A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-06-12 无锡嘉德纺织制品有限公司 Textile material
CN103749954A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-04-30 江南大学 Method for preparing microcrystalline cellulose
CN105113075A (en) * 2015-09-11 2015-12-02 无锡市长安曙光手套厂 Textile material

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102505234A (en) * 2011-11-11 2012-06-20 盐城雪尔纺织有限公司 Antibacterial, uvioresistant and thermal blended yarn
CN103059319A (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-04-24 武汉大学 Preparation method of chitin nano fiber
CN103147200A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-06-12 无锡嘉德纺织制品有限公司 Textile material
CN103749954A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-04-30 江南大学 Method for preparing microcrystalline cellulose
CN105113075A (en) * 2015-09-11 2015-12-02 无锡市长安曙光手套厂 Textile material

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108866710A (en) * 2018-07-11 2018-11-23 广州迪柯尼服饰股份有限公司 A kind of textile threads
CN111419068A (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-07-17 浙江新中纺实业有限公司 Method for manufacturing mould-proof curtain with high shading degree

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Application publication date: 20180413