CN107900705A - A kind of vertical processing machine tool - Google Patents

A kind of vertical processing machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107900705A
CN107900705A CN201711348292.8A CN201711348292A CN107900705A CN 107900705 A CN107900705 A CN 107900705A CN 201711348292 A CN201711348292 A CN 201711348292A CN 107900705 A CN107900705 A CN 107900705A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
straight line
base
screw
guide rail
line driving
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201711348292.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
肖康利
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Huizhou Ampeq Sheng Cnc Machinery Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Huizhou Ampeq Sheng Cnc Machinery Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Huizhou Ampeq Sheng Cnc Machinery Co Ltd filed Critical Huizhou Ampeq Sheng Cnc Machinery Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711348292.8A priority Critical patent/CN107900705A/en
Publication of CN107900705A publication Critical patent/CN107900705A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/01Frames, beds, pillars or like members; Arrangement of ways
    • B23Q1/015Frames, beds, pillars
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/155Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of vertical processing machine tool, including base mechanism, saddle gear, workbench, column agency and head section mechanism;Base mechanism includes base body, first straight line driving mechanism, first straight line guiding mechanism and second straight line guiding mechanism;Saddle gear includes saddle body, second straight line driving mechanism, the 3rd linear guiding mechanism and the 4th linear guiding mechanism;Workbench bottom is equipped with retainer;Column agency includes column body, the 3rd straight line driving mechanism, the 5th linear guiding mechanism and the 6th linear guiding mechanism;Head section mechanism includes main spindle box, knife striking cylinder, spindle motor, synchronous belt, motor synchronous pulley, main shaft synchronous pulley and main shaft.Vertical processing machine tool of the present invention is in setting saddle gear on base mechanism, workbench is set on saddle gear, column agency is set on the base unit, head section mechanism is arranged on column agency, while realizing three axle linkage of vertical processing machine tool, integral layout is compact, and floor space is small and stability is stronger.

Description

A kind of vertical processing machine tool
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field machine tooling field, and in particular, to a kind of vertical processing machine tool.
Background technology
Vertical type numerically controlled machine is mainly used to process plate class, disk class, mould and compact shell class complex parts, existing vertical number Control lathe generally existing overall structure set and be laid out it is unreasonable, the shortcomings that taking up a large area.Also, existing vertical numerical control machine Bed, in its course of work, complete machine stability is poor, influences parts machining quality.
The content of the invention
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of vertical processing machine tool.
A kind of vertical processing machine tool disclosed by the invention, including:One base mechanism, it includes base body, first straight line Driving mechanism, first straight line guiding mechanism and second straight line guiding mechanism;Base body is equipped with the first peace along its length Tankage;First straight line driving mechanism is arranged in the first mounting groove;First straight line guiding mechanism and second straight line guiding mechanism point On two cell walls of the first mounting groove, a mounting blocks are respectively equipped with one end of two cell walls;
One saddle gear, it is straight that it includes a saddle body, second straight line driving mechanism, the 3rd linear guiding mechanism and the 4th Line guiding mechanism;Saddle body is arranged on first straight line driving mechanism, first straight line guiding mechanism and second straight line guiding mechanism On, and the second mounting groove is equipped with along its length;Second straight line driving mechanism is arranged in the second mounting groove;3rd straight-line guidance Mechanism and the 4th linear guiding mechanism are respectively arranged on the cell wall of the second mounting groove;Wherein, the movement of second straight line driving mechanism Direction is vertical with the direction of motion of first straight line driving mechanism;The setting of first straight line guiding mechanism and second straight line guiding mechanism Direction is vertical with the setting direction of the 3rd linear guiding mechanism and the 4th linear guiding mechanism;
Workbench, its bottom are equipped with a retainer, and retainer is arranged on second straight line driving mechanism, the 3rd linear guiding mechanism And the 4th on linear guiding mechanism;
Column agency, it includes column body, the 3rd straight line driving mechanism, the 5th linear guiding mechanism and the 6th straight line and leads To mechanism;Column body includes the first platform, the second platform and the 3rd platform;First platform and the 3rd platform are divided into second Platform both sides, the height of the first platform are more than the height of the 3rd platform;Second podium level is respectively greater than the first platform and the 3rd The height of platform, is from top to bottom equipped with multiple V-type reinforcing ribs in it;Multiple V-type reinforcing rib opening directions are identical, two neighboring V Type reinforcing rib interval is identical;First platform and the 3rd platform are vertical on mounting blocks, and are set along the second land lengths direction There is the 3rd mounting groove;3rd straight line driving mechanism is arranged in the 3rd mounting groove, and it is straight with first straight line driving mechanism and second Line driving mechanism is respectively perpendicular;5th linear guiding mechanism and the 6th linear guiding mechanism are divided into two cell walls of the 3rd mounting groove On;And
Head section mechanism, it includes main spindle box, knife striking cylinder, spindle motor, synchronous belt, motor synchronous pulley, main shaft synchronous belt Wheel and main shaft;Main spindle box is arranged on the 3rd straight line driving mechanism, the 5th linear guiding mechanism and the 6th linear guiding mechanism;It is main Spindle motor and knife striking cylinder are arranged on main spindle box and are located at the two on the upside of spindle motor;It is synchronous that the output terminal of spindle motor is equipped with motor Belt wheel, main shaft are arranged on main spindle box and are equipped with main shaft synchronous pulley positioned at the underface of knife striking cylinder, main shaft;Synchronous belt is sheathed on electricity Machine synchronous pulley and main shaft synchronous pulley.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, first straight line driving mechanism includes the first servomotor, the first screw is installed Seat, the second screw mounting base, the first screw and the first feed screw nut seat;First servomotor is arranged in the first mounting groove;First Screw mounting base and the second screw mounting base are arranged in the first mounting groove;First screw is arranged on the first screw mounting base and second Bar mounting base, its one end connect the first servomotor;First feed screw nut seat is arranged on the first screw;Saddle body is arranged on first Feed screw nut's seat.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, first straight line guiding mechanism includes the first guide rail and multiple first sliding blocks; First guide rail is arranged on a cell wall of the first mounting groove and parallel with first straight line driving mechanism;Multiple first sliding blocks slide respectively It is connected on the first guide rail;Second straight line guiding mechanism includes the second guide rail and multiple second sliding blocks;Second guide rail is arranged on first It is on another cell wall of mounting groove and parallel with first straight line driving mechanism and the first guide rail;Multiple second sliding blocks company of slip respectively It is connected on the second guide rail;Saddle body is respectively arranged on the first sliding block and the second sliding block.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, second straight line driving mechanism includes the second servomotor, the 3rd screw is installed Seat, the 4th screw mounting base, the second screw and the second feed screw nut seat;Second servomotor is arranged in the second mounting groove;3rd Screw mounting base and the 4th screw mounting base are arranged in the second mounting groove;Second screw is arranged on the 3rd screw mounting base and the 4th Bar mounting base, its one end connect the second servomotor;Second feed screw nut seat is arranged on the second screw;Retainer on workbench Arranged on the second feed screw nut seat.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, the 3rd linear guiding mechanism includes the 3rd guide rail and multiple 3rd sliding blocks; 3rd guide rail is arranged on a cell wall of the second mounting groove and parallel with second straight line driving mechanism;Multiple 3rd sliding blocks slide respectively It is connected on the 3rd guide rail;4th linear guiding mechanism includes the 4th guide rail and multiple Four-sliders;4th guide rail is arranged on second It is on another cell wall of mounting groove and parallel with second straight line driving mechanism and the 3rd guide rail;Multiple Four-sliders company of slip respectively It is connected on the 4th guide rail;Retainer on workbench is respectively arranged on the 3rd sliding block and Four-slider.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, the 3rd straight line driving mechanism includes the 3rd servomotor, the 5th screw is installed Seat, the 6th screw mounting base, the 3rd screw and the 3rd feed screw nut seat;3rd servomotor is arranged in the 3rd mounting groove;5th Screw mounting base and the 6th screw mounting base are arranged in the 3rd mounting groove;3rd screw is arranged on the 5th screw mounting base and the 6th Bar mounting base, its one end connect the 3rd servomotor;3rd feed screw nut seat is arranged on the 3rd screw;Main spindle box is arranged on the 3rd Stem nut seat.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, the 5th linear guiding mechanism includes the 5th guide rail and multiple 5th sliding blocks; 5th guide rail is arranged on a cell wall of the 3rd mounting groove and parallel with the 3rd straight line driving mechanism;Multiple 5th sliding blocks slide respectively It is connected on the 5th guide rail;6th linear guiding mechanism includes the 6th guide rail and multiple 6th sliding blocks;6th guide rail is arranged on the 3rd It is on another cell wall of mounting groove and parallel with the 3rd straight line driving mechanism and the 5th guide rail;Multiple 6th sliding blocks company of slip respectively It is connected on the 6th guide rail;Main spindle box is respectively arranged on the 5th sliding block and the 6th sliding block.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, base body bottom is equipped with 10 lower margins, wherein 4 lower margins are along base body Long side is arranged on a long edge of base body, and in addition 4 lower margins are arranged on another long edge of base body along base body long side, Wherein 2 lower margins are arranged on a short edge of base body along base body short side, and remaining 2 lower margins are arranged on along base body short side Another short edge of base body.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, Weighting system is further included, Weighting system includes the counterweight connected by gas circuit Nitrogen cylinder and nitrogen cylinder, counterweight nitrogen cylinder are fixed on the top of the second platform, and nitrogen cylinder is arranged on the second platform.
The vertical processing machine tool of the present invention, in setting saddle gear on base mechanism, workbench is set on saddle gear, is stood Column mechanism is set on the base unit, and head section mechanism is arranged on column agency, realizes three axle linkage of vertical processing machine tool Meanwhile integral layout is compact, floor space is small, is only the floor space of base body;Meanwhile base mechanism, saddle gear with And in column agency, by the straight line driving mechanism in different mounting grooves and on different mounting groove cell walls Linear guiding mechanism realizes the three axis movement of X, Y and Z axis.Meanwhile central post body of the present invention includes the first platform, the second platform And the 3rd platform, the first platform are used to install tool magazine, break through the structure that tool magazine is placed in column side by tradition, make lathe worker During work, whole machine stability is more preferable, and nitrogen cylinder is placed on the second platform, strengthens the stabilization of column body Property, further, the second platform interior uses V-type reinforcing rib, further enhances the quiet of column body, dynamic stiffness and precision and protects Holding property.
Brief description of the drawings
Attached drawing described herein is used for providing further understanding of the present application, forms the part of the application, this Shen Schematic description and description please is used to explain the application, does not form the improper restriction to the application.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the complete machine structure figure of vertical processing machine tool in embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the structure chart of the base mechanism of vertical processing machine tool in embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the structure chart of the saddle gear of vertical processing machine tool in embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the structure chart of the workbench of vertical processing machine tool in embodiment;
Fig. 5 is the structure chart of the column agency of vertical processing machine tool in embodiment;
Fig. 6 is the top view of embodiment central post mechanism central post body;
Fig. 7 is the structure chart of the head section mechanism of vertical processing machine tool in embodiment;
Fig. 8 is the serial verb construction figure of spindle motor and main shaft in embodiment.
Description of reference numerals:
1st, base mechanism;11st, base body;111st, the first mounting groove;112nd, mounting blocks;113rd, lower margin;12nd, first straight line Driving mechanism;121st, the first servomotor;122nd, the first screw mounting base;123rd, the second screw mounting base;124th, the first screw; 125th, the first feed screw nut seat;13rd, first straight line guiding mechanism;131st, the first guide rail;132nd, the first sliding block;14th, second straight line Guiding mechanism;141st, the second guide rail;142nd, the second sliding block;2nd, saddle gear;21st, saddle body;211st, the second mounting groove;22、 Second straight line driving mechanism;221st, the second servomotor;222nd, the 3rd screw mounting base;223rd, the 4th screw mounting base;224、 Second screw;225th, the second feed screw nut seat;23rd, the 3rd linear guiding mechanism;231st, the 3rd guide rail;232nd, the 3rd sliding block;24、 4th linear guiding mechanism;241st, the 4th guide rail;242nd, Four-slider;3rd, workbench;31st, retainer;4th, column agency;41、 Column body;411st, the 3rd mounting groove;412nd, the first platform;413rd, the second platform;414th, the 3rd platform;415th, V-type reinforcing rib; 42nd, the 3rd straight line driving mechanism;421st, the 3rd servomotor;422nd, the 5th screw mounting base;423rd, the 6th screw mounting base; 424th, the 3rd screw;425th, the 3rd feed screw nut seat;43rd, the 5th linear guiding mechanism;431st, the 5th guide rail;432nd, the 5th slide Block;44th, the 6th linear guiding mechanism;441st, the 6th guide rail;442nd, the 6th sliding block;5th, head section mechanism;51st, main spindle box;52nd, forge a knife Cylinder;53rd, spindle motor;54th, synchronous belt;55th, motor synchronous pulley;56th, main shaft synchronous pulley;57th, main shaft;6th, Weighting system; 61st, counterweight nitrogen cylinder.
Embodiment
Multiple embodiments of the present invention, as clearly stated, the details in many practices will be disclosed with schema below It will be explained in the following description.It should be appreciated, however, that the details in these practices is not applied to limit the present invention.Also It is to say, in some embodiments of the present invention, the details in these practices is non-essential.In addition, for the sake of simplifying schema, Some known usual structures will illustrate it in a manner of simply illustrative in the drawings with component.
It is to be appreciated that the directional instruction (such as up, down, left, right, before and after ...) of institute is only used in the embodiment of the present invention In explaining the relative position relation under a certain particular pose (as shown in drawings) between each component, motion conditions etc., if should When particular pose changes, then directionality instruction also correspondingly changes correspondingly.
In addition, in the present invention such as relating to the description of " first ", " second " etc. be only used for description purpose, not especially censure The meaning of order or cis-position, is also not used to limit the present invention, its component described with constructed term just for the sake of difference Or operation, and it is not intended that indicating or implying its relative importance or the implicit number for indicating indicated technical characteristic Amount.Thus, " first " is defined, at least one this feature can be expressed or be implicitly included to the feature of " second ".It is in addition, each Technical solution between a embodiment can be combined with each other, but must can be implemented as base with those of ordinary skill in the art Plinth, will be understood that the combination of this technical solution is not present when the combination appearance of technical solution is conflicting or can not realize, Also not within the protection domain of application claims.
The present embodiment provides a kind of vertical processing machine tool, for processing plate class, disk class, mould and compact shell class complexity zero Part, please refers to Fig.1, it is the overall structure figure of vertical processing machine tool, and vertical processing machine tool includes a base mechanism 1, a saddle Mechanism 2, a workbench 3, a column agency 4, a head section mechanism 5 and a Weighting system 6.
Core component of the base mechanism 1 as lathe, it is desirable to which there is sufficiently high quiet, dynamic stiffness and precision stability.Bottom The design of seat mechanism 1 is restricted by lathe entirety, and on the premise of general requirement is met, should accomplish as far as possible should structure conjunction Reason, floor are arranged to work as, and fork will ensure good cold and hot working craftsmanship.Base mechanism 1 is located at the bottom of lathe, it carries The component of whole lathe whole.As shown in Fig. 2, it is the structure diagram of base mechanism 1, base mechanism 1 includes base body 11st, first straight line driving mechanism 12, first straight line guiding mechanism 13 and second straight line guiding mechanism 14.Base body 11 is cross-sectional Face is in approximate isosceles trapezoid, and 11 upper surface of base body is equipped with the first mounting groove 111, the first mounting groove along its length 111 are located at 11 centre position of base body, to keep the stability requirement of of base mechanism 1 itself, first straight line driving mechanism 12 In the first mounting groove 111, on the two opposite cell walls of the first mounting groove 111, divide along 111 flute length direction of the first mounting groove Not She You first straight line guiding mechanism 13 and second straight line guiding mechanism 14, first straight line driving mechanism 12, first straight line are led It is parallel to mechanism 13 and 14 three's setting direction of second straight line guiding mechanism, in the two opposite cell walls of the first mounting groove 111 The same end, be respectively arranged with a mounting blocks 112, mounting blocks 112 are used for vertical columns mechanism 4.Wherein, first straight line driving machine Structure 12 includes the first servomotor 121, the first screw mounting base 122, the second screw mounting base 123, the first screw 124 and first Feed screw nut's seat 125;First servomotor 121 is arranged in the first mounting groove 111;First screw mounting base 122 and the second screw Mounting base 123 is sequentially arranged in the first mounting groove 111 along direction where 111 flute length of the first mounting groove;First screw 124 is arranged on the One screw mounting base 122 and the second screw mounting base 123, its one end connect the first servomotor 121;First feed screw nut seat 125 are arranged on the first screw 124;Saddle gear 2 is arranged on the first feed screw nut seat 125.First straight line guiding mechanism 13 includes the One guide rail 131 and multiple first sliding blocks 132;First guide rail 131 be arranged on a cell wall of the first mounting groove 111 and with it is first straight Line driving mechanism 13 is parallel;Multiple first sliding blocks 132 are slidably connected on the first guide rail 131 respectively;Second straight line guiding mechanism 14 include the second guide rail 141 and multiple second sliding blocks 142;Second guide rail 141 be arranged on the first mounting groove 111 another cell wall on and It is parallel with 12 and first guide rail 131 of first straight line driving mechanism;Multiple second sliding blocks 142 are slidably connected to the second guide rail respectively On 141;Saddle gear 2 is respectively arranged on the first sliding block 132 and the second sliding block 142.First straight line driving mechanism 12 drives saddle Mechanism 2 is moved along 124 reciprocating linear of the first screw, and first straight line guiding mechanism 13 and second straight line guiding mechanism 14 are in saddle Mechanism 2 plays guiding role during moving.In addition, please continue to refer to Fig. 2,11 bottom of base body is additionally provided with 10 lower margins 113, wherein 4 lower margins 113 are arranged on a long edge of base body 11 along 11 long side of base body, in addition 4 lower margins 113 are the bottom of along 11 long side of seat body is arranged on another long edge of base body 11, wherein 2 lower margins 113 are arranged on base along 11 short side of base body One short edge of body 11, remaining 2 lower margins 113 are arranged on another short edge of base body 11 along 11 short side of base body.Bottom It are furnished with 10 lower margins 113 in 11 bottom of seat body so that complete machine is more steady.In base mechanism 1, in-between section installation first straight line driving The first leading screw 124 and the first feed screw nut seat 125 in mechanism 12, realize that Y-direction drives by the first servomotor 121;Pass through Line slideway and sliding block, complete movement of the saddle gear 2 on base mechanism 1, so as to fulfill lathe Y-axis movement.Bottom 11 rear end mounting blocks 112 of seat body are then the positions for installing column agency 4, possess higher rigidity.
Please refer to Fig.3, it is the structure diagram of saddle gear 2, and it is straight that saddle gear 2 includes a saddle body 21, second Line driving mechanism 22, the 3rd linear guiding mechanism 23 and the 4th linear guiding mechanism 24.Saddle body 21 drives arranged on first straight line On motivation structure 12, first straight line guiding mechanism 13 and second straight line guiding mechanism 14.Saddle body 21 is set along its length There is the second mounting groove 211, second straight line driving mechanism 22 is arranged in the second mounting groove 211.Second mounting groove 211 has opposite Two cell walls, the 3rd linear guiding mechanism 23 and the 4th linear guiding mechanism 24 are respectively arranged on two cell walls of the second mounting groove 211; Wherein, the direction of motion of second straight line driving mechanism 22 is vertical with the direction of motion of first straight line driving mechanism 12;First straight line The setting direction of guiding mechanism 12 and second straight line guiding mechanism 14 and the 3rd linear guiding mechanism 23 and the 4th straight-line guidance machine The setting direction of structure 24 is vertical.Wherein, second straight line driving mechanism 22 includes the second servomotor 221, the 3rd screw mounting base 222nd, the 4th screw mounting base 223, the second screw 224 and the second feed screw nut seat 225;Second servomotor 221 is arranged on second In mounting groove 211;The flute length place side of 3rd screw mounting base 222 and the 4th screw mounting base 223 along the second mounting groove 211 It is arranged on to mounting base successively in the second mounting groove 211;Second screw 224 is arranged on the 3rd screw mounting base 222 and the 4th screw is pacified Seat 223 is filled, its one end connects the second servomotor 221;Second feed screw nut seat 225 is arranged on the second screw 224;Workbench 3 Arranged on the second feed screw nut seat 225.3rd linear guiding mechanism 23 includes the 3rd guide rail 231 and multiple 3rd sliding blocks 232;The Three guide rails 231 are arranged on a cell wall of the second mounting groove 211 and parallel with second straight line driving mechanism 22;Multiple 3rd sliding blocks 232 are slidably connected on the 3rd guide rail 231 respectively;4th linear guiding mechanism bag 24 includes the 4th guide rail 241 and multiple 4th cunnings Block 242;4th guide rail 241 is arranged on another cell wall of the second mounting groove 211 and is led with second straight line driving mechanism 22 and the 3rd Rail 231 is parallel;Multiple Four-sliders 242 are slidably connected on the 4th guide rail 241 respectively;Workbench 3 is respectively arranged on the 3rd cunning On block 232 and Four-slider 242.Saddle gear 2 is located above lathe base mechanism 1, which is connected workbench 3, passes through straight line Guide rail and sliding block realize the movement of X-axis, and in-between section then installs the second leading screw 224 and the second feed screw nut seat 225, by the Two servomotors 221 realize X to driving.
Please refer to Fig.4, it is the structure diagram of workbench 3, and 3 surface of workbench is used to put workpiece to be processed, fixture And the 4th axis etc., its bottom are equipped with a retainer 31, retainer 31 is arranged on second straight line driving mechanism 22, the 3rd straight-line guidance machine On 23 and the 4th linear guiding mechanism 24 of structure;Workbench 3 is in second straight line driving mechanism 22, the 3rd linear guiding mechanism 23 and The movement of X-axis is realized under the action of four linear guiding mechanisms 24.
Fig. 5 and 6 is refer to, it is respectively 4 structure chart of column agency and top view.Column agency 4 include column body 41, 3rd straight line driving mechanism 42, the 5th linear guiding mechanism 43 and the 6th linear guiding mechanism 44;Column agency 4 is vertical at peace Fill on block 112, and be equipped with the 3rd mounting groove 411 along its length;3rd straight line driving mechanism 42 is arranged on the 3rd mounting groove 411 It is interior, and it is respectively perpendicular with first straight line driving mechanism 12 and second straight line driving mechanism 22;5th linear guiding mechanism 43 and 6th linear guiding mechanism 44 is divided on two opposite cell walls of the 3rd mounting groove 411.Wherein, the 3rd straight line driving mechanism 42 Including the 3rd servomotor 421, the 5th screw mounting base 422, the 6th screw mounting base 423, the 3rd screw 424 and the 3rd screw Nut seat 425;3rd servomotor 421 is arranged in the 3rd mounting groove 411;5th screw mounting base 422 and the installation of the 6th screw Seat 423 is sequentially arranged in the 3rd mounting groove 411 along direction where 411 flute length of the 3rd mounting groove;3rd screw 424 is arranged on the 5th 422 and the 6th screw mounting base 423 of bar mounting base, its one end connect the 3rd servomotor 421;3rd feed screw nut seat 425 is set In on the 3rd screw 424;Head section mechanism 5 is arranged on the 3rd feed screw nut seat 425.5th linear guiding mechanism 43 is led including the 5th Rail 431 and multiple 5th sliding blocks 432;5th guide rail 431 is arranged on a cell wall of the 3rd mounting groove 411 and is driven with the 3rd straight line Motivation structure 42 is parallel;Multiple 5th sliding blocks 432 are slidably connected on the 5th guide rail 431 respectively;6th linear guiding mechanism 44 wraps Include the 6th guide rail 441 and multiple 6th sliding blocks 442;6th guide rail 441 is arranged on another cell wall of the 3rd mounting groove 411 and with the Three straight line driving mechanisms 42 and the 5th guide rail 431 are parallel;Multiple 6th sliding blocks 442 are slidably connected to the 6th guide rail 441 respectively On;Head section mechanism 5 is respectively arranged on the 5th sliding block 432 and the 6th sliding block 442.Further, in order to strengthen lathe operation In stability, column body 41 includes the first platform 412, the second platform 413 and the 3rd platform 414;First platform 412 and 3rd platform 414 is divided into 413 both sides of the second platform, and the height of the first platform 412 is more than the height of the 3rd platform 414;Second Platform 413 is highly respectively greater than the height of the first platform 412 and the 3rd platform 414, is from top to bottom equipped with the second platform 413 more A V-type reinforcing rib 415;Multiple 415 opening directions of V-type reinforcing rib are identical, and two neighboring V-type reinforcing rib 415 is spaced identical;First 412 and the 3rd platform 414 of platform is vertical on mounting blocks 112, and is equipped with the 3rd installation along 413 length direction of the second platform Groove 411.Column body 41 takes lambdoid structure, below two mounting blocks 112 on connect base body 11, head machine Structure 5 is moved up and down by guide rail and sliding block along the 3rd leading screw 424.What is taken inside column body 41 is V-type cloth muscle mechanism, tool There are sufficiently high quiet, dynamic stiffness and precision stability.The first platform 412 and the 3rd platform 414 that left and right extends out, first is flat Platform 412 is used to place tool magazine, it changes the tool magazine pendant of traditional approach in the mode of 41 side of column body, and tool magazine is installed on On first platform 412, the 3rd platform 414 of right side can be used as nitrogen cylinder to place platform, enhance the overall stabilization of column agency 4 Property.
Fig. 7 and 8 is refer to, it is respectively the structure chart and spindle motor 53 and the structure of the cooperation of main shaft 57 of head section mechanism 5 Figure.Head section mechanism 51 it include main spindle box 51, knife striking cylinder 52, spindle motor 53, synchronous belt 54, motor synchronous pulley 55, main shaft Synchronous pulley 56 and main shaft 57;Main spindle box 51 is arranged on the 3rd straight line driving mechanism 42, the 5th linear guiding mechanism 43 and the 6th On linear guiding mechanism 44;Spindle motor 53 and knife striking cylinder 52 are arranged on main spindle box 51 and are located at the upside of spindle motor 53 with the two; The output terminal of spindle motor 53 is equipped with motor synchronous pulley 55, main shaft 57 be arranged on main spindle box 51 and positioned at knife striking cylinder 52 just under Side, main shaft 57 are equipped with main shaft synchronous pulley 56;Synchronous belt 54 is sheathed on motor synchronous pulley 55 and main shaft synchronous pulley 56.Machine Head mechanism 5 is connected with the guide rail in column agency 4, its inside is equipped with main shaft 57, goes back fixed main shaft motor 53 and knife striking cylinder above 52 (device for loosing knife), are used for realization the functions such as the mobile, rotation of main shaft 57 of Z axis.
Refer to again shown in Fig. 5, Weighting system 6 includes the counterweight nitrogen cylinder 61 and nitrogen cylinder connected by gas circuit, matches somebody with somebody Diazonium cylinder 61 is fixed on the top of the second platform 413, and nitrogen cylinder is arranged on the 3rd platform 414.Weighting system substitutes tradition machinery Formula counterweight, the 3rd servomotor 421 of Z axis loads when mitigating lathe running.
Vertical processing machine tool operation principles of the present invention are as follows:First servomotor 121 drives saddle gear 2 and workbench 3 Designated position is moved to along Y-axis on the first screw 124, the second servomotor 221 drives workbench 3 in the second screw 224 On along X be successively moved to designated position, the 3rd servomotor 421 drives head section mechanism 5 on the 3rd screw 424 along Z axis Designated position is moved to, 53 drive shaft 57 of spindle motor rotates, and main shaft 57 drives cutter thereon to be processed according to predetermined part Process route the part on workbench 3 is processed.When needing to carry out tool changing, knife striking cylinder 52 is to the cutter on main shaft 57 Carry out loose knife and lock knife.
The upper only embodiments of the present invention, are not intended to limit the invention.For those skilled in the art For, the invention may be variously modified and varied.All any modifications made in spirit and principles of the present invention, be equal Replace, improve etc., it should all be included within scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (9)

  1. A kind of 1. vertical processing machine tool, it is characterised in that including:
    One base mechanism, it includes base body, first straight line driving mechanism, first straight line guiding mechanism and second straight line and leads To mechanism;The base body is equipped with the first mounting groove along its length;The first straight line driving mechanism is arranged on described the In one mounting groove;The first straight line guiding mechanism and second straight line guiding mechanism are divided into two grooves of first mounting groove On wall, a mounting blocks are respectively equipped with one end of two cell walls;
    One saddle gear, it includes a saddle body, second straight line driving mechanism, the 3rd linear guiding mechanism and the 4th straight line and leads To mechanism;The saddle body is arranged on the first straight line driving mechanism, first straight line guiding mechanism and second straight line and is oriented to In mechanism, and the second mounting groove is equipped with along its length;The second straight line driving mechanism is arranged in second mounting groove; 3rd linear guiding mechanism and the 4th linear guiding mechanism are respectively arranged on the cell wall of second mounting groove;Wherein, institute The direction of motion for stating second straight line driving mechanism is vertical with the direction of motion of the first straight line driving mechanism;The first straight line The setting direction of guiding mechanism and second straight line guiding mechanism and three linear guiding mechanism and the 4th linear guiding mechanism Setting direction is vertical;
    Workbench, its bottom are equipped with a retainer, and the retainer is arranged on the second straight line driving mechanism, the 3rd straight-line guidance In mechanism and the 4th linear guiding mechanism;
    Column agency, it includes column body, the 3rd straight line driving mechanism, the 5th linear guiding mechanism and the 6th straight-line guidance machine Structure;The column body includes the first platform, the second platform and the 3rd platform;First platform and the 3rd platform are divided into The second platform both sides, the height of first platform are more than the height of the 3rd platform;Second podium level point Not great Yu first platform and the 3rd platform height, be from top to bottom equipped with multiple V-type reinforcing ribs in it;The multiple V-type Reinforcing rib opening direction is identical, and two neighboring V-type reinforcing rib interval is identical;First platform and the 3rd platform are vertical at On the mounting blocks, and the 3rd mounting groove is equipped with along the second land lengths direction;3rd straight line driving mechanism is arranged on In 3rd mounting groove, and it is respectively perpendicular with the first straight line driving mechanism and second straight line driving mechanism;Described Five linear guiding mechanisms and the 6th linear guiding mechanism are divided on two cell walls of the 3rd mounting groove;And
    Head section mechanism, it include main spindle box, knife striking cylinder, spindle motor, synchronous belt, motor synchronous pulley, main shaft synchronous pulley with And main shaft;The main spindle box is arranged on the 3rd straight line driving mechanism, the 5th linear guiding mechanism and the 6th linear guiding mechanism On;The spindle motor and knife striking cylinder are arranged on the main spindle box and are located at the two on the upside of the spindle motor;The main shaft electricity The output terminal of machine is equipped with motor synchronous pulley, and the main shaft is arranged on the main spindle box and positioned at the underface of the knife striking cylinder, institute State main shaft and be equipped with main shaft synchronous pulley;The synchronous belt is sheathed on the motor synchronous pulley and main shaft synchronous pulley.
  2. 2. vertical processing machine tool according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the first straight line driving mechanism includes first Servomotor, the first screw mounting base, the second screw mounting base, the first screw and the first feed screw nut seat;First servo Motor is arranged in first mounting groove;The first screw mounting base and the second screw mounting base are arranged on first mounting groove It is interior;First screw is arranged on the first screw mounting base and the second screw mounting base, and its one end connects the first servomotor; The first feed screw nut seat is arranged on first screw;The saddle body is arranged on first feed screw nut seat.
  3. 3. vertical processing machine tool according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the first straight line guiding mechanism includes first Guide rail and multiple first sliding blocks;First guide rail be arranged on first mounting groove a cell wall on and with the first straight line Driving mechanism is parallel;The multiple first sliding block is slidably connected on first guide rail respectively;The second straight line Guiding machine Structure includes the second guide rail and multiple second sliding blocks;Second guide rail be arranged on first mounting groove another cell wall on and with institute State first straight line driving mechanism and the first guide rail is parallel;The multiple second sliding block is slidably connected to second guide rail respectively On;The saddle body is respectively arranged on first sliding block and the second sliding block.
  4. 4. vertical processing machine tool according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the second straight line driving mechanism includes second Servomotor, the 3rd screw mounting base, the 4th screw mounting base, the second screw and the second feed screw nut seat;Second servo Motor is arranged in second mounting groove;The 3rd screw mounting base and the 4th screw mounting base are arranged on second mounting groove It is interior;Second screw is arranged on the 3rd screw mounting base and the 4th screw mounting base, and its one end connects the second servomotor; The second feed screw nut seat is arranged on second screw;Retainer on the workbench is arranged on second feed screw nut Seat.
  5. 5. vertical processing machine tool according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the 3rd linear guiding mechanism includes the 3rd Guide rail and multiple 3rd sliding blocks;3rd guide rail be arranged on second mounting groove a cell wall on and with the second straight line Driving mechanism is parallel;The multiple 3rd sliding block is slidably connected on the 3rd guide rail respectively;The 4th straight-line guidance machine Structure includes the 4th guide rail and multiple Four-sliders;4th guide rail be arranged on second mounting groove another cell wall on and with institute State second straight line driving mechanism and the 3rd guide rail is parallel;The multiple Four-slider is slidably connected to the 4th guide rail respectively On;Retainer on the workbench is respectively arranged on the 3rd sliding block and Four-slider.
  6. 6. vertical processing machine tool according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the 3rd straight line driving mechanism includes the 3rd Servomotor, the 5th screw mounting base, the 6th screw mounting base, the 3rd screw and the 3rd feed screw nut seat;3rd servo Motor is arranged in the 3rd mounting groove;The 5th screw mounting base and the 6th screw mounting base are arranged on the 3rd mounting groove It is interior;3rd screw is arranged on the 5th screw mounting base and the 6th screw mounting base, and its one end connects the 3rd servomotor; The 3rd feed screw nut seat is arranged on the 3rd screw;The main spindle box is arranged on the 3rd feed screw nut seat.
  7. 7. vertical processing machine tool according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the 5th linear guiding mechanism includes the 5th Guide rail and multiple 5th sliding blocks;5th guide rail be arranged on the 3rd mounting groove a cell wall on and with the 3rd straight line Driving mechanism is parallel;The multiple 5th sliding block is slidably connected on the 5th guide rail respectively;The 6th straight-line guidance machine Structure includes the 6th guide rail and multiple 6th sliding blocks;6th guide rail be arranged on the 3rd mounting groove another cell wall on and with institute State the 3rd straight line driving mechanism and the 5th guide rail is parallel;The multiple 6th sliding block is slidably connected to the 6th guide rail respectively On;The main spindle box is respectively arranged on the 5th sliding block and the 6th sliding block.
  8. 8. according to any vertical processing machine tools of claim 1-7, it is characterised in that the base body bottom is equipped with 10 A lower margin, wherein 4 lower margins are arranged on a long edge of the base body, in addition 4 lower margin edges along the base body long side The base body long side is arranged on another long edge of the base body, wherein 2 lower margins are set along the base body short side In a short edge of the base body, remaining 2 lower margins are arranged on the another of the base body along the base body short side Short edge.
  9. 9. according to any vertical processing machine tools of claim 1-7, it is characterised in that Weighting system is further included, it is described to match somebody with somebody Weight system includes the counterweight nitrogen cylinder and nitrogen cylinder connected by gas circuit, and the counterweight nitrogen cylinder is fixed on second platform Top, the nitrogen cylinder is arranged on the 3rd platform.
CN201711348292.8A 2017-12-15 2017-12-15 A kind of vertical processing machine tool Withdrawn CN107900705A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN110936232A (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-03-31 南通盟威机械有限公司 High-rigidity vertical machining center and machining method thereof
CN110977475A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-04-10 安徽省临泉县智创精机有限公司 Double-spindle machining machine tool
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CN110977475A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-04-10 安徽省临泉县智创精机有限公司 Double-spindle machining machine tool
CN110936232A (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-03-31 南通盟威机械有限公司 High-rigidity vertical machining center and machining method thereof
CN112192442A (en) * 2020-10-14 2021-01-08 华域视觉科技(上海)有限公司 Silica gel mould light spot sanding fixture

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