CN107899643A - A kind of anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing - Google Patents

A kind of anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107899643A
CN107899643A CN201711366967.1A CN201711366967A CN107899643A CN 107899643 A CN107899643 A CN 107899643A CN 201711366967 A CN201711366967 A CN 201711366967A CN 107899643 A CN107899643 A CN 107899643A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
motor
pipe
kitchen garbage
reducing mechanism
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201711366967.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈德宏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanjing Etas Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Nanjing Etas Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nanjing Etas Intelligent Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Nanjing Etas Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711366967.1A priority Critical patent/CN107899643A/en
Publication of CN107899643A publication Critical patent/CN107899643A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C1/00Crushing or disintegrating by reciprocating members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/02Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • B07B1/34Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens jigging or moving to-and-fro perpendicularly or approximately perpendiculary to the plane of the screen
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • B09B3/40Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless involving thermal treatment, e.g. evaporation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • B02C2023/165Screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Thermal Sciences (AREA)
  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing,Including hopper,Feed pipe,Crush pipe,Drainage conduit,Heating tube and discharge nozzle,Crush in pipe and be equipped with disintegrating mechanism,Heating arrangements are equipped with heating tube,Disintegrating mechanism includes strainer,Shredder assemblies and dredging component,Dredging component includes the first motor,Half gear,Frame and two racks,Shredder assemblies include top plate,Lifting unit,Bottom plate and sawtooth,The anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing completes the crushed work to kitchen garbage by disintegrating mechanism,In crushing process,Strainer is moved up and down by dredging component,Pass through strainer easy to some small-sized rubbish,Prevent that crushing pipe blocks,The bulky refuse on strainer is heated by heating arrangements,After making rubbish embrittlement,Crushed by shredder assemblies,Since rubbish has carried out brittle processing,So that kitchen garbage is easier to be crushed,Improve the practicality of equipment.

Description

A kind of anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing
Technical field
It is more particularly to a kind of anticlogging to be used for kitchen garbage the present invention relates to organic waste recycling treatment apparatus field The intelligent reducing mechanism of processing.
Background technology
Kitchen garbage is most important one kind in food refuse, including the generation such as school, family, dining room and catering industry Food process leftover bits and pieces and edible remnants, its complicated component, mainly oil, water, pericarp, vegetables, rice and flour, fish, meat, bone and The mixture of many kinds of substance such as useless tableware, plastics, paper handkerchief, China's kitchen garbage quantity is very huge, and is in rapid increase trend.
Kitchen garbage not only pollutes environment, influences the appearance of the city, but also can be detrimental to health and spread the disease, it is therefore desirable to Kitchen garbage is handled.In the treatment process of kitchen garbage, it is necessary first to progress be kitchen garbage crushing, it is traditional Kitchen garbage pulverizing mode is cut using blade rotation, but when being crushed in this way, due in rubbish Some large-scale hard materials such as bone, crust, crab shell are contained in portion, and in crushing process, blade is easily stuck, when serious Fracture is also resulted in, meanwhile, with increasing for these large-scale hard materials, the sanitary fill being easy to cause inside pipeline, The blocking of pipeline is in turn resulted in, rubbish can not be discharged normally.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is:In order to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide, one kind is anticlogging to be used for The intelligent reducing mechanism of kitchen garbage processing.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:It is a kind of it is anticlogging for kitchen garbage processing Intelligent reducing mechanism, including hopper, feed pipe, crushing pipe, drainage conduit, heating tube, discharge nozzle and two pillars, the crushing Manage it is vertically arranged, the drainage conduit be horizontally set on crush pipe bottom, the hopper pass through feed pipe with crush pipe side Middle-end connection, the heating tube connects with the middle-end of opposite side of crushing pipe, and the discharge nozzle is arranged on the lower section of drainage conduit, The drainage conduit is erected on two pillars, and described crush is equipped with disintegrating mechanism in pipe, heating arrangements are equipped with the heating tube, Discharge mechanism is equipped with the drainage conduit;
The disintegrating mechanism includes strainer, shredder assemblies, dredging component and two connection components, the dredging component, powder Broken component and strainer are set gradually from top to down, and two connection components include cross bar and montant, and the bottom of the montant is fixed on On strainer, the top of the montant is connected by cross bar with dredging component;
The dredging component includes sunpender, the first motor, half gear, frame and two racks, and first motor passes through Sunpender is fixed on the top crushed in pipe, and first motor is connected with half gear drive, and half gear is arranged in frame, The frame is fixedly connected with cross bar, on the inner wall for the both sides that two racks are separately fixed at frame, the rack and half gear Engagement;
The shredder assemblies include top plate, lifting unit, bottom plate and sawtooth, and the top plate is fixed on the lower section of frame, institute The both ends for stating top plate are fixedly connected with two montants respectively, and the top plate, lifting unit, bottom plate and sawtooth are set successively from top to down Put, the lifting unit is sequentially connected with bottom plate;
The heating arrangements include the second motor, first connecting rod, second connecting rod and infrared lamp, and second motor is fixed On the inner wall of the side of the remote crushing pipe of heating tube, second motor is sequentially connected with first connecting rod, and described first connects Bar is hinged by second connecting rod and infrared lamp.
Preferably, in order to drive bottom plate to lift, sawtooth is set to crush kitchen garbage, the lifting unit includes driving Moving cell, fixed block, movable block, expansion bracket, hinged block, slip ring and slide, the fixed block is fixed on the lower section of top plate, described Driving unit is sequentially connected with movable block, and the hinged block is fixed on the top of bottom plate, the shape of the vertical cross-section of the slide For U-shaped, Open Side Down in the U-shaped section, and the both ends of the slide are fixed on the top of bottom plate, and the slip ring is set in slide On, the both sides on the top of the expansion bracket are hinged with fixed block and movable block respectively, the both sides difference of the bottom of the expansion bracket It is hinged with hinged block and slip ring.
Preferably, in order to drive expansion bracket to stretch, lift bottom plate, the driving unit includes the 3rd motor and the 3rd Drive shaft, the 3rd motor are located at the side of the remote fixed block of movable block, and the 3rd motor is fixed on the lower section of top plate, 3rd drive shaft is arranged between the 3rd motor and fixed block, and the 3rd motor and the 3rd drive shaft are sequentially connected, institute The periphery for stating the 3rd drive shaft is equipped with external screw thread, and the movable block is set in the 3rd drive shaft, is equipped with the movable block interior Screw thread, the internal thread in the movable block match with the external screw thread in the 3rd drive shaft.
Preferably, in order to ensure that bottom plate smoothly lifts, the both ends of the bottom plate are equipped with spacing ring, and the spacing ring is consolidated It is scheduled on bottom plate, the spacing ring is set on montant.
Preferably, in order to ensure that infrared lamp steadily moves, the top of the infrared lamp is equipped with support component, described Support component includes supporting rack, support ring and supporting rod, and the shape of the vertical cross-section of support frame as described above is U-shaped, the U-shaped section Opening upwards, the both ends of support frame as described above are fixed on the top in heating tube, and the support ring is set on supporting rack, described Support ring is fixed on the top of infrared lamp by supporting rod.
Preferably, in order to realize discharge function, the discharge mechanism includes the 4th motor, the 4th drive shaft and helical-blade Piece, the 4th motor are fixed on the inner wall of the side of the remote crushing pipe of drainage conduit, the 4th motor and the 4th driving Axis is sequentially connected, and the helical blade is arranged in the 4th drive shaft.
Preferably, in order to ensure the 4th drive shaft smooth rotation, the side away from the 4th motor of the drainage conduit Inner wall is equipped with casing, and described sleeve pipe is set in the 4th drive shaft.
Preferably, in order to ensure the driving force of the 4th motor, the 4th motor is DC servo motor.
Preferably, in order to prevent strainer from shaking when crushing, crushing effect is influenced, the lower section of the strainer is equipped with two Against component, two are separately positioned on against component on the inner wall for the both sides for crushing pipe, described to include air pump, gas against component Cylinder, piston, strut and tablet, the tablet are arranged on the top of cylinder, and the tablet is hinged with crushing the inner wall of pipe, the gas Cylinder is fixed on the inner wall for crushing pipe, and the cylinder is fixed on the inner wall for crushing pipe, and the air pump is fixed on cylinder, described Air pump is connected with cylinder, and the bottom of the piston is arranged in cylinder, and the top of the piston is hinged by strut and tablet.
Preferably, pouring into rubbish for convenience, the shape of the hopper is infundibulate.
The invention has the advantages that the anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing passes through crushing Mechanism completes the crushed work to kitchen garbage, in crushing process, moves up and down strainer by dredging component, trembles It is dynamic, easy to some small-sized rubbish by strainer, prevent that crushing pipe blocks, then by heating arrangements to large-scale on strainer Rubbish is heated, and after making rubbish embrittlement, is crushed by shredder assemblies using sawtooth, since rubbish has carried out brittle place Reason so that kitchen garbage be easier it is pulverized, compared with traditional disintegrating mechanism, the disintegrating mechanism can not only to crush pipe into Row dredging, moreover it is possible to carry out the separation of bulky refuse and small-sized rubbish, concentrate easy to heating arrangements and heated to large corporation, reduce energy Source consumes, and improves the practicality of equipment.
Brief description of the drawings
The present invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structure of the disintegrating mechanism of the anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing of the present invention Schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the structure of the dredging component of the anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing of the present invention Schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is the structure of the shredder assemblies of the anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing of the present invention Schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is the structure of the heating arrangements of the anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing of the present invention Schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is the structure against component of the anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing of the present invention Schematic diagram;
In figure:1. hopper, 2. feed pipes, 3. crush pipe, 4. drainage conduits, 5. heating tubes, 6. discharge nozzles, 7. pillars, 8. filters Net, 9. tablets, 10. cross bars, 11. montants, 12. sunpenders, 13. first motors, 14. half gears, 15. frames, 16. racks, 17. tops Plate, 18. bottom plates, 19. sawtooth, 20. second motors, 21. first connecting rods, 22. second connecting rods, 23. infrared lamps, 24. fixed blocks, 25. movable block, 26. expansion brackets, 27. hinged blocks, 28. slip rings, 29. slides, 30. the 3rd motors, 31. the 3rd drive shafts, 32. limits Position ring, 33. supporting racks, 34. support rings, 35. supporting rods, 36. the 4th motors, 37. the 4th drive shafts, 38. helical blades, 39. Casing, 40. air pumps, 41. cylinders, 42. pistons, 43. struts.
Embodiment
In conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention is further explained in detail.These attached drawings are simplified schematic diagram, only with Illustration illustrates the basic structure of the present invention, therefore it only shows composition related to the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing, including hopper 1, charging Pipe 2, crush pipe 3, drainage conduit 4, heating tube 5, discharge nozzle 6 and two pillars 7, and the crushing pipe 3 is vertically arranged, the drainage conduit 4 are horizontally set on the bottom for crushing pipe 3, and the hopper 1 is connected by feed pipe 2 with the middle-end for the side for crushing pipe 3, described to add The middle-end of opposite side of the heat pipe 5 with crushing pipe 3 connects, and the discharge nozzle 6 is arranged on the lower section of drainage conduit 4,4 frame of drainage conduit It is located on two pillars 7, is equipped with disintegrating mechanism in the crushing pipe 3, heating arrangements, the discharge are equipped with the heating tube 5 Discharge mechanism is equipped with pipe 4;
The reducing mechanism operationally, by kitchen garbage is poured into from hopper 1, and along feed pipe 2, kitchen garbage, which enters, to be crushed Pipe 3, crushes rubbish by crushing the disintegrating mechanism in pipe 3, for some large-scale hard objects, such as bone, crust Deng, heated by the heating arrangements in heating tube 5, kitchen garbage is become fragile, consequently facilitating crushing, finally by drainage conduit 4 In discharge mechanism the rubbish that these are crushed is discharged from discharge nozzle 6.
As shown in Fig. 2, the disintegrating mechanism includes strainer 8, shredder assemblies, dredging component and two connection components, it is described Dredging component, shredder assemblies and strainer 8 are set gradually from top to down, and two connection components include cross bar 10 and montant 11, described The bottom of montant 11 is fixed on strainer 8, and the top of the montant 11 is connected by cross bar 10 with dredging component;
When kitchen garbage enters crushing pipe 3, rest on the strainer 8 in disintegrating mechanism, dredge assembly operating, pass through connection Montant 11 and cross bar 10 in component are moved up and down with electric filter 8, are shaken, easy to by some sizes in kitchen garbage, Small rubbish is by strainer 8, and some large-scale rubbish rest on 8 surface of strainer, ensures to crush pipe 3 by dredging component State in dredging, avoids blocking.Pair with resting on the bulky refuse thing on 8 surface of strainer, carried out using heating arrangements Heating, after making rubbish embrittlement, is crushed these rubbish by shredder assemblies, the rubbish after then these crushed passes through strainer 8, into drainage conduit 4.
As shown in figure 3, the dredging component includes sunpender 12, the first motor 13, half gear 11, frame 15 and two racks 16, first motor 13 is fixed on the top crushed in pipe 3 by sunpender 12, and first motor 13 is driven with half gear 11 Connection, half gear 11 are arranged in frame 15, and the frame 15 is fixedly connected with cross bar 10, and two racks 16 are fixed respectively On the inner wall of the both sides of frame 15, the rack 16 is engaged with half gear 11;
First motor 13 is run, and is driven half gear 11 to rotate, half gear 11 is acted on successively with both sides rack 16, so that band The frame 15 of dynamic both sides does opposite direction movement, moves back and forth 15 in the vertical direction of frame, and then with electric filter 8 vertical Move back and forth on direction, easy to crush the dredging of pipe 3.
As shown in figure 4, the shredder assemblies include top plate 17, lifting unit, bottom plate 18 and sawtooth 19, the top plate 17 is solid The lower section of frame 15 is scheduled on, the both ends of the top plate 17 are fixedly connected with two montants 11 respectively, and the top plate 17, lifting are single Member, bottom plate 18 and sawtooth 19 are set gradually from top to down, and the lifting unit is sequentially connected with bottom plate 18;
Bottom plate 18 is driven to lift by lifting unit, when bottom plate 18 declines, the sawtooth 19 of the lower section of bottom plate 18 acts on filter Rubbish on net 8, realizes and these rubbish is crushed.
As shown in figure 5, the heating arrangements include the second motor 20, first connecting rod 21, second connecting rod 22 and infrared lamp 23, second motor 20 is fixed on the inner wall of the side of the remote crushing pipe 3 of heating tube 5, second motor 20 and One connecting rod 21 is sequentially connected, and the first connecting rod 21 is hinged by second connecting rod 22 and infrared lamp 23.
First motor 13 is run, and is driven first connecting rod 21 to rotate, is made infrared light fluorescent tube toward heating tube 5 by second connecting rod 22 Outside is mobile, and enters and crush in pipe 3, the large-scale hard rubbish on strainer 8 is heated, infrared lamp 23 is red by launching Outside line, carries out heat radiation, is rapidly heated so as to fulfill to bulky refuse, makes rubbish brittle, easy to crush.
As shown in figure 3, the lifting unit includes driving unit, fixed block 24, movable block 25, expansion bracket 26, hinged block 27th, slip ring 28 and slide 29, the fixed block 24 are fixed on the lower section of top plate 17, and the driving unit connects with the transmission of movable block 25 Connect, the hinged block 27 is fixed on the top of bottom plate 18, and the shape of the vertical cross-section of the slide 29 is U-shaped, the U-shaped section Open Side Down, and the both ends of the slide 29 are fixed on the top of bottom plate 18, and the slip ring 28 is set on slide 29, described to stretch The both sides on the top of contracting frame 26 are hinged with fixed block 24 and movable block 25 respectively, the both sides of the bottom of the expansion bracket 26 respectively with Hinged block 27 and slip ring 28 are hinged.
Driving unit is run, and drives movable block 25 to move, and is changed the distance between movable block 25 and fixed block 24, is worked as movement When block 25 is close to fixed block 24, decline bottom plate 18 by expansion bracket 26, so that the sawtooth 19 of the lower section of bottom plate 18 acts on rubbish Rubbish surface is crushed.
As shown in figure 3, the driving unit includes the 3rd motor 30 and the 3rd drive shaft 31, the 3rd motor 30 is located at The side of the remote fixed block 24 of movable block 25, the 3rd motor 30 are fixed on the lower section of top plate 17, the 3rd drive shaft 31 are arranged between the 3rd motor 30 and fixed block 24, and the 3rd motor 30 is sequentially connected with the 3rd drive shaft 31, and described The periphery of three drive shafts 31 is equipped with external screw thread, and the movable block 25 is set in the 3rd drive shaft 31, is set in the movable block 25 There is an internal thread, the internal thread in the movable block 25 matches with the external screw thread in the 3rd drive shaft 31.
3rd motor 30 is run, and is driven the 3rd drive shaft 31 to rotate, the external screw thread in the 3rd drive shaft 31 is acted on shifting Internal thread in motion block 25, makes movable block 25 be moved along the axis direction of the 3rd drive shaft 31, and then changes movable block 25 The distance between fixed block 24, realizes the flexible of expansion bracket 26, easy to drive bottom plate 18 to lift.
Preferably, in order to ensure that bottom plate 18 smoothly lifts, the both ends of the bottom plate 18 are equipped with spacing ring 32, the limit Position ring 32 is fixed on bottom plate 18, and the spacing ring 32 is set on montant 11.The shifting of bottom plate 18 is secured by spacing ring 32 Dynamic rail mark, makes the movement of bottom plate 18 more steady.
As shown in figure 5, the top of the infrared lamp 23 is equipped with support component, the support component include supporting rack 33, Support ring 34 and supporting rod 35, the shape of the vertical cross-section of support frame as described above 33 are U-shaped, the opening upwards in the U-shaped section, institute The both ends for stating supporting rack 33 are fixed on top in heating tube 5, and the support ring 34 is set on supporting rack 33, the support ring 34 are fixed on the top of infrared lamp 23 by supporting rod 35.
Since support ring 34 is slided on fixed supporting rack 33, support ring 34 and infrared lamp are made by supporting rod 35 Pipe 23 connects, so as to secure the moving direction of infrared lamp 23, makes the movement of infrared lamp 23 more stable.
As shown in Figure 1, the discharge mechanism includes the 4th motor 36, the 4th drive shaft 37 and helical blade 38, described Four motors 36 are fixed on the inner wall of the side of the remote crushing pipe 3 of drainage conduit 4, the 4th motor 36 and the 4th drive shaft 37 It is sequentially connected, the helical blade 38 is arranged in the 4th drive shaft 37.
4th motor 36 is run, and is driven the 4th drive shaft 37 to rotate, is rotated the helical blade 38 in the 4th drive shaft 37, Drive the rubbish after crushing crushed of pipe 3 bottom to move by helical blade 38, and pass through the outer of 6 device for transferring of discharge nozzle Portion.
Preferably, in order to ensure 37 smooth rotation of the 4th drive shaft, one away from the 4th motor 36 of the drainage conduit 4 The inner wall of side is equipped with casing 39, and described sleeve pipe 39 is set in the 4th drive shaft 37.The 4th driving is secured using casing 39 The height and position of axis 37, easy to 37 smooth rotation of the 4th drive shaft.
Preferably, in order to ensure the driving force of the 4th motor 36, the 4th motor 36 is DC servo motor.
As shown in figures 1 to 6, the lower section of the strainer 8 is equipped with two against component, and two are separately positioned on against component It is described to include air pump 40, cylinder 41, piston 42, strut 43 and tablet 9 against component on the inner wall for crushing the both sides of pipe 3, it is described Tablet 9 is arranged on the top of cylinder 41, and the tablet 9 is hinged with crushing the inner wall of pipe 3, and the cylinder 41, which is fixed on, crushes pipe 3 Inner wall on, the cylinder 41 be fixed on crush pipe 3 inner wall on, the air pump 40 is fixed on cylinder 41, the air pump 40 Connected with cylinder 41, the bottom of the piston 42 is arranged in cylinder 41, and the top of the piston 42 passes through strut 43 and tablet 9 It is hinged.
When being crushed, air pump 40 increases the air pressure in cylinder 41, moves up piston 42, is driven by strut 43 Tablet 9 is rotated up, and tablet 9 is resisted against the lower section of strainer 8, so as to secure the position of strainer 8, prevents from carrying out in sawtooth 19 During crushing, strainer 8 is shaken, and influences crushing effect.
Preferably, pouring into rubbish for convenience, the shape of the hopper 1 is infundibulate.
The intelligent food waste powder crushing device is moved up and down by dredging component band electric filter 8 when in use, makes crushing Small-sized rubbish in pipe 3 easy to separate bulky refuse, while avoids crushing pipe 3 and blocks, prevent from crushing by strainer 8 Pipe 3 is in dredging state, then enters infrared lamp 23 using heating arrangements and crushes in pipe 3, infrared lamp 23 is launched infrared Line makes bulky refuse be rapidly heated, so that rubbish is brittle, after rubbish embrittlement, infrared lamp 23 enters in heating tube 5, then by Shredder assemblies drive bottom plate 18 to decline, and the sawtooth 19 of the lower section of bottom plate 18 is crushed the rubbish on strainer 8, due to rubbish Solidness reduces, consequently facilitating carrying out pulverization process to rubbish, the rubbish after crushed is entered drainage conduit 4 by strainer 8, most The rubbish after these fragmentations is discharged by discharge nozzle 6 by discharge mechanism afterwards.
Compared with prior art, which passes through disintegrating mechanism The crushed work to kitchen garbage is completed, in crushing process, strainer 8 is moved up and down by dredging component, shakes, just In some small-sized rubbish by strainer 8, prevent that crushing pipe 3 blocks, then by heating arrangements to the large-scale rubbish on strainer 8 Rubbish is heated, and after making rubbish embrittlement, is crushed by shredder assemblies using sawtooth 19, since rubbish has carried out brittle place Reason, so that kitchen garbage is easier to be crushed, compared with traditional disintegrating mechanism, which can not only be to crushing pipe 3 Dredged, moreover it is possible to carry out the separation of bulky refuse and small-sized rubbish, concentrated easy to heating arrangements and large corporation is heated, reduce Energy consumption, improves the practicality of equipment.
It is complete by above-mentioned description, relevant staff using the above-mentioned desirable embodiment according to the present invention as enlightenment Various changes and amendments can be carried out without departing from the scope of the technological thought of the present invention' entirely.The technology of this invention Property scope is not limited to the content on specification, it is necessary to determines its technical scope according to right.

Claims (10)

1. it is a kind of it is anticlogging for kitchen garbage processing intelligent reducing mechanism, it is characterised in that including hopper (1), into Expects pipe (2), crush pipe (3), drainage conduit (4), heating tube (5), discharge nozzle (6) and two pillars (7), and the pipe (3) that crushes erects To setting, the drainage conduit (4) is horizontally set on the bottom for crushing pipe (3), and the hopper (1) is by feed pipe (2) with crushing The middle-end connection of the side of (3) is managed, the middle-end of opposite side of the heating tube (5) with crushing pipe (3) connects, the discharge nozzle (6) lower section of drainage conduit (4) is arranged on, the drainage conduit (4) is erected on two pillars (7), and described crush is equipped with pipe (3) Disintegrating mechanism, the heating tube (5) is interior to be equipped with heating arrangements, and discharge mechanism is equipped with the drainage conduit (4);
The disintegrating mechanism includes strainer (8), shredder assemblies, dredging component and two connection components, and the dredging component, crush Component and strainer (8) are set gradually from top to down, and two connection components include cross bar (10) and montant (11), the montant (11) Bottom be fixed on strainer (8), the top of the montant (11) is connected by cross bar (10) with dredging component;
The dredging component includes sunpender (12), the first motor (13), half gear (11), frame (15) and two racks (16), First motor (13) is fixed on the top crushed in pipe (3), first motor (13) and half gear by sunpender (12) (11) it is sequentially connected, half gear (11) is arranged in frame (15), and the frame (15) is fixedly connected with cross bar (10), and two On the inner wall for the both sides that a rack (16) is separately fixed at frame (15), the rack (16) is engaged with half gear (11);
The shredder assemblies include top plate (17), lifting unit, bottom plate (18) and sawtooth (19), and the top plate (17) is fixed on frame The lower section of frame (15), the both ends of the top plate (17) are fixedly connected with two montants (11) respectively, and the top plate (17), lifting are single Member, bottom plate (18) and sawtooth (19) are set gradually from top to down, and the lifting unit is sequentially connected with bottom plate (18);
The heating arrangements include the second motor (20), first connecting rod (21), second connecting rod (22) and infrared lamp (23), described Second motor (20) is fixed on the inner wall of the side of the remote crushing pipe (3) of heating tube (5), second motor (20) and the One connecting rod (21) is sequentially connected, and the first connecting rod (21) is hinged by second connecting rod (22) and infrared lamp (23).
2. the anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that institute State lifting unit include driving unit, fixed block (24), movable block (25), expansion bracket (26), hinged block (27), slip ring (28) and Slide (29), the fixed block (24) are fixed on the lower section of top plate (17), and the driving unit is sequentially connected with movable block (25), The hinged block (27) is fixed on the top of bottom plate (18), and the shape of the vertical cross-section of the slide (29) is U-shaped, the U-shaped Open Side Down in section, and the both ends of the slide (29) are fixed on the top of bottom plate (18), and the slip ring (28) is set in slide (29) on, the both sides on the top of the expansion bracket (26) are hinged with fixed block (24) and movable block (25) respectively, the expansion bracket (26) both sides of bottom are hinged with hinged block (27) and slip ring (28) respectively.
3. the anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that institute Stating driving unit includes the 3rd motor (30) and the 3rd drive shaft (31), and the 3rd motor (30) is located at the remote of movable block (25) From the side of fixed block (24), the 3rd motor (30) is fixed on the lower section of top plate (17), and the 3rd drive shaft (31) sets Put between the 3rd motor (30) and fixed block (24), the 3rd motor (30) is sequentially connected with the 3rd drive shaft (31), institute The periphery for stating the 3rd drive shaft (31) is equipped with external screw thread, and the movable block (25) is set in the 3rd drive shaft (31), the shifting It is equipped with internal thread in motion block (25), the internal thread in the movable block (25) and the external screw thread phase in the 3rd drive shaft (31) Match somebody with somebody.
4. the anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that institute The both ends for stating bottom plate (18) are equipped with spacing ring (32), and the spacing ring (32) is fixed on bottom plate (18), the spacing ring (32) It is set on montant (11).
5. the anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that institute The top for stating infrared lamp (23) is equipped with support component, and the support component includes supporting rack (33), support ring (34) and support Bar (35), the shape of the vertical cross-section of support frame as described above (33) are U-shaped, the opening upwards in the U-shaped section, support frame as described above (33) both ends are fixed on the top in heating tube (5), and the support ring (34) is set on supporting rack (33), the support ring (34) top of infrared lamp (23) is fixed on by supporting rod (35).
6. the anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that institute Stating discharge mechanism includes the 4th motor (36), the 4th drive shaft (37) and helical blade (38), and the 4th motor (36) is fixed On the inner wall of the side of the remote crushing pipe (3) of drainage conduit (4), the 4th motor (36) is driven with the 4th drive shaft (37) Connection, the helical blade (38) are arranged in the 4th drive shaft (37).
7. the anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that institute The inner wall for stating the side away from the 4th motor (36) of drainage conduit (4) is equipped with casing (39), and described sleeve pipe (39) is set in the In four drive shafts (37).
8. the anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that institute It is DC servo motor to state the 4th motor (36).
9. the anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that institute The lower section for stating strainer (8) is equipped with two against component, two inner walls that the both sides for crushing pipe (3) are separately positioned on against component On, described to include air pump (40), cylinder (41), piston (42), strut (43) and tablet (9) against component, the tablet (9) sets Put in the top of cylinder (41), the tablet (9) is hinged with crushing the inner wall of pipe (3), and the cylinder (41) is fixed on crushing pipe (3) on inner wall, the cylinder (41) is fixed on the inner wall for crushing pipe (3), and the air pump (40) is fixed on cylinder (41), The air pump (40) connects with cylinder (41), and the bottom of the piston (42) is arranged in cylinder (41), the piston (42) Top is hinged by strut (43) and tablet (9).
10. the anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that The shape of the hopper (1) is infundibulate.
CN201711366967.1A 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 A kind of anticlogging intelligent reducing mechanism for kitchen garbage processing Withdrawn CN107899643A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108554790A (en) * 2018-06-30 2018-09-21 芜湖聚鑫涂装有限公司 A kind of discharging screening plant of sand shaker
CN108636558A (en) * 2018-04-17 2018-10-12 深圳市晓控通信科技有限公司 A kind of anticlogging intelligent organic garbage treatment equipment with cleaning function
CN108839341A (en) * 2018-07-10 2018-11-20 深圳市雷凌广通技术研发有限公司 It is a kind of for producing the 3D printer of complex product
CN109012929A (en) * 2018-09-20 2018-12-18 深圳市晓控通信科技有限公司 A kind of recycling equipment for organic waste
CN109110855A (en) * 2018-09-19 2019-01-01 深圳市律远汇智科技有限公司 A kind of air-floating apparatus of good effect of separating solid from liquid
CN109813076A (en) * 2019-02-28 2019-05-28 刘彦杰 A kind of heavy duty detergent drying machine with dredging function for coal chemical industry
CN109972703A (en) * 2019-05-16 2019-07-05 惠安县蓝普欣日用品有限公司 A kind of garbage treatment device
CN110639646A (en) * 2019-10-08 2020-01-03 重庆日日新网络科技有限责任公司 Medical treatment is cosmetic with plant liquid grinding extraction equipment
CN111530147A (en) * 2020-06-22 2020-08-14 上海交通大学医学院附属仁济医院 Laboratory solid waste separator
CN112692030A (en) * 2020-12-08 2021-04-23 澧县蓉盛环保材料有限责任公司 Garbage transfer station for one-stop garbage recycling treatment

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108636558A (en) * 2018-04-17 2018-10-12 深圳市晓控通信科技有限公司 A kind of anticlogging intelligent organic garbage treatment equipment with cleaning function
CN108554790A (en) * 2018-06-30 2018-09-21 芜湖聚鑫涂装有限公司 A kind of discharging screening plant of sand shaker
CN108839341A (en) * 2018-07-10 2018-11-20 深圳市雷凌广通技术研发有限公司 It is a kind of for producing the 3D printer of complex product
CN109110855A (en) * 2018-09-19 2019-01-01 深圳市律远汇智科技有限公司 A kind of air-floating apparatus of good effect of separating solid from liquid
CN109012929A (en) * 2018-09-20 2018-12-18 深圳市晓控通信科技有限公司 A kind of recycling equipment for organic waste
CN109813076A (en) * 2019-02-28 2019-05-28 刘彦杰 A kind of heavy duty detergent drying machine with dredging function for coal chemical industry
CN109972703A (en) * 2019-05-16 2019-07-05 惠安县蓝普欣日用品有限公司 A kind of garbage treatment device
CN110639646A (en) * 2019-10-08 2020-01-03 重庆日日新网络科技有限责任公司 Medical treatment is cosmetic with plant liquid grinding extraction equipment
CN111530147A (en) * 2020-06-22 2020-08-14 上海交通大学医学院附属仁济医院 Laboratory solid waste separator
CN111530147B (en) * 2020-06-22 2023-07-25 上海交通大学医学院附属仁济医院 Laboratory solid garbage separator
CN112692030A (en) * 2020-12-08 2021-04-23 澧县蓉盛环保材料有限责任公司 Garbage transfer station for one-stop garbage recycling treatment

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