CN107882063B - A kind of waterproof method for underground installation - Google Patents

A kind of waterproof method for underground installation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107882063B
CN107882063B CN201610865362.6A CN201610865362A CN107882063B CN 107882063 B CN107882063 B CN 107882063B CN 201610865362 A CN201610865362 A CN 201610865362A CN 107882063 B CN107882063 B CN 107882063B
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waterproof
steel mesh
anchor point
ground
mesh compartment
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CN107882063A (en
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张司令
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张司令
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/045Underground structures, e.g. tunnels or galleries, built in the open air or by methods involving disturbance of the ground surface all along the location line; Methods of making them
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D31/00Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution
    • E02D31/02Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution against ground humidity or ground water

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of waterproof methods for underground installation, it includes the following steps: (1) in the one steel mesh compartment of surrounding metope and ground configuration of basement, the surrounding height of the steel mesh compartment is not less than the water level line of water table, and the anchor point that the steel mesh compartment passes through 45 ° of forward and reverse intersections being arranged alternately is fixed on surrounding metope and ground;(2) it is laid with and catchments barrel or microporous barrier between the anchor point of forward and reverse intersection, it is described to catchment barrel or the microporous barrier directly contacts surrounding metope and ground;(3) using the steel mesh compartment as skeleton, high polymer waterproof material after one layer of hot compress hot melt forms a macromolecule waterproof coating after solidification, and by the steel mesh compartment, described catchment barrel or in the microporous barrier is coated on.Microporous barrier or the barrel that catchments mainly play hydrophobic effect in waterproof method of the invention, and high polymer waterproof material plays plugging function, the two combine to have it is stifled have thin, infiltration is driven except available space.

Description

A kind of waterproof method for underground installation
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of waterproof methods for underground installation.
Background technique
Currently, the traditional waterproof technique of the underground space mainly include the following types:
(1) impermeable structure
Carry out waterproof by the impermeability of water-proof concrete itself and density, for example, basement, Underground pump station, Pond, underpass etc..Building structure is both load-bearing enclosed structure and waterproof layer.So impermeable structure is carried out, construction Simplicity short time limit, improves working conditions, saves project cost, is widely adopted in engineering.And impermeable structure technology institute Concrete material is easy to get, cheap, and durability is good, easy to maintenance, but the apparent density of waterproof layer material is big, and tension is strong Spend low, ultimate tensile strength is small, vulnerable to the deformation of the dry and wet of concrete or mortar, temperature deformation and malformation influence and generate and split Seam, so as to cause higher percolation ratio.
(2) add waterproof layer
Increase waterproof layer in the outside of works and carrys out waterproof.Common waterproof layer has cement mortar, coiled material, waterproof to apply Material, bituminous cements and metal waterproof layer etc., they are applicable to different engineering objects, waterproof requirement and execution conditions etc.. Wherein waterproof roll mainly has SBS modified bituminous pitch coiled material, polyethylene polypropylene fiber waterproof coiled material (also at macromolecule polypropylene fibre coiled material), PVC Waterproof roll, EPDM rubber waterproof rolling material, alloy waterproof roll, from note waterproof roll etc.;Water-repellent paint has polyurethane anti- Water paint, water-proof acrylic acid paint, JS water-repellent paint (two-component), neoprene water-repellent paint etc..
Add requirement of the waterproof layer technology to waterproof basal plane generally relatively stringent, it is necessary to which substantially flat, bright and clean, water content exists It constructs on 9% basal plane below, otherwise just will appear layering, the situation for playing drum, channeling water;And plasticity is poor, it is difficult to which processing is anisotropic Changeable or narrow waterproof position, is easy to leave a void and weak spot;The waterproofing layer thickness of formation is thin, and intensity is weak, durable years It is short;Overall cost is high;Wherein waterproof roll and coating are generally also easy to burn, and contain toxic volatilization gas, can make to surrounding air At pollution.
(3) draining waterproof is seeped
Neighbouring water source is excluded come waterproof using measures such as french drain, infiltration drainage blankets.This method is primarily adapted for use in shape Complexity is influenced, level of ground water perched water by high temperature, and the higher hypogee of waterproof requirement.
It seeps draining waterproof technique and changes that block up be thin, but the fact that without changing original infiltration, only by original infiltration concentration It is together pumped to sewer to be handled, the crowded underground space for occupying preciousness is not said, is last a very long time likely to result in and is built Build the serious problems of object sedimentation.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by the present invention lies in overcome impermeable structure technology in the prior art to exist to be also easy to produce The defect in crack, add waterproof layer technology exist requirement to waterproof basal plane is high, easily leave a void and weak spot and durable years it is short, The defects of overall cost is high, inflammable, pollution is big, and seep the valuable underground space of the existing occupancy of draining waterproof technique, Yi Zao At the defect of building settlement, and provide a kind of waterproof method for underground installation.Waterproof method provided by the invention by Traditional " passive waterproof " is changed into " active waterproof ", is a kind of stifled dredge from simple " water blockoff ", " hydrophobic " to " have stifled have thin " It organically combines, completely new lined rapid shaping underground space waterproof technique, is realizing waterproof demand, solving underground space leakage While problem, it is ensured that the architecture quality of the underground space.
The present invention provides a kind of waterproof method for underground installation, the underground installation includes a basement, institute Basement is stated in a ground layer, a water table is also distributed between the basement and the ground layer, described is anti- Water method includes the following steps:
(1) in one steel mesh compartment of the surrounding metope of the basement and ground configuration, the surrounding height of the steel mesh compartment Not less than the water level line of the water table, the anchor point that the steel mesh compartment passes through 45 ° of forward and reverse intersections being arranged alternately is fixed In on surrounding metope and ground;
(2) catchment barrel or microporous barrier, barrel or the micropore of catchmenting are laid between the anchor point of forward and reverse intersection Film directly contacts surrounding metope and ground;
(3) using the steel mesh compartment as skeleton, high polymer waterproof material after one layer of hot compress hot melt is formed one high after solidification Molecule waterproof coating, and by the steel mesh compartment, described catchment barrel or in the microporous barrier is coated on.
Waterproof method of the invention can be not only used for newly-built underground installation, can be also used for the ground for having generated crack Lower implementation when having generated crack, is distributed with several terrace cracks (ground pore), on surroundings wall on the bottom surface of basement Several cracking of wall surface (metope pore) is distributed with.
Preferably, also successively carrying out cleaning and water removal operation to surrounding metope and ground before carrying out step (1).Clearly Clean purpose is the rubbish that removal is attached to metope and ground originally, in order to which high polymer waterproof material is preferably bonded admittedly It is fixed.
Wherein, the water removal preferably first excludes original ponding, then dries.
Preferably, the steel mesh compartment includes several steel pipes that are parallel, equidistantly arranging, also vertically it is equipped on those steel pipes Several reinforcing ribs, and those steel pipes are linked to be by an entirety by the reinforcing rib, first is alternately equipped on each steel pipe Skew nailing anchor point and the second skew nailing anchor point, on the basis of being fixed face, the setting angle of the first skew nailing anchor point is to be fixed 45 ° of oblique lower-left on the vertical plane in face, the setting angle of the second skew nailing anchor point are oblique on the vertical plane for be fixed face 45 ° of bottom right, the first skew nailing anchor point group on those steel pipes direction in a row with 45 ° of lower-left oblique on vertical plane, which hammers into, to be fixed The button in face sets device, and the second skew nailing anchor point group on those steel pipes is in a row to be hammered into the direction of 45 ° of bottom right oblique on vertical plane The button for being fixed face sets device.
Preferably, the steel mesh compartment is made of corrosion resistant metal material.
Preferably, the laying direction of catchment barrel or the microporous barrier is parallel with the setting direction of the reinforcing rib.
Preferably, the micropore for collecting percolating water is distributed in the both ends and side of the barrel that catchments, for collect with And guide the micro percolating water on surrounding metope or ground.
Preferably, the macromolecule waterproof coating is the coating in homogeneous thickness formed on surrounding metope or ground.
Preferably, the high polymer waterproof material has micro-expansibility energy, expansion rate is 0.02~0.045, to make High polymer waterproof material is solid state transformed to microdilatancy after heating by initial form liquid, until curing molding.
Preferably, the high polymer waterproof material has high flame resistance, B2 grades of oxygen index (OI)s are greater than 26%.
Preferably, the high polymer waterproof material has anti-permeability performance, it is made into the standard specimen of 30 day age, standard Test specimen is the box-like body of 1m*1m*1m, and the maximum hydrostatic pressure that can be born is 10Kpa, is equivalent within the scope of 1m water depth pressure Water-impervious.
Preferably, the curing time of the high polymer waterproof material is within 5 minutes.
Preferably, the high polymer waterproof material has the performance from heavy and light, density is 0.02~0.045.
In the present invention, microporous barrier or the barrel that catchments mainly play the generated excessive pressure that will seep water and concentrate and dredge The effect to shed, and high polymer waterproof material is then to play the role of water blockoff, the two combine to have it is stifled have thin, will seep water It drives except available space.
On the basis of common knowledge of the art, above-mentioned each optimum condition, can any combination to get each preferable reality of the present invention Example.
The positive effect of the present invention is that:
(1) waterproof method of the invention solves the case where underground installation long-term existence percolating water.
(2) building structure is improved as destruction caused by immersion of seeping water for a long time.
(3) growth of the mosquitos and flies as caused by underground installation ponding has been prevented, has improved environmental sanitation.
(4) underground installation usage range and applicable attribute are improved.
(5) for traditional handicraft, cost is significantly reduced, shortens the construction time, alleviates labor intensity, and Utmostly reduce the problem of disturbing residents.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the cross-sectional view of the waterproof construction of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 2 is the schematic perspective view of the steel mesh compartment of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 3 is the schematic perspective view of the steel mesh compartment sum aggregate sink pipe of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 4 is the internal structure enlarged diagram of the waterproof construction of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 5 is the left view of the internal structure of Fig. 3.
The reference numerals are as follows:
Basement: 1
Ground layer: 2
Cracking of wall surface: 301
Terrace cracks: 302
Water table: 4
Catchment barrel: 5
Micropore: 6
Steel mesh compartment: 7
First skew nailing anchor point: 701
Second skew nailing anchor point: 702
Steel pipe: 703
Reinforcing rib: 704
Macromolecule waterproof coating: 8
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below by the mode of embodiment, but does not therefore limit the present invention to the reality It applies among a range.
Embodiment 1
A kind of waterproof method is present embodiments provided, for corresponding waterproof construction as shown in Fig. 1~5, underground installation includes one Basement 1, the basement 1 are set in a ground layer 2, and a underground is also distributed between the basement 1 and the ground layer 2 Water layer 4, the waterproof method include the following steps:
(1) cleaning and water removal operation are carried out to surrounding metope and ground, wherein remove water first to exclude original ponding, then dry It is dry;
(2) in one steel mesh compartment 7 of the surrounding metope of the basement 1 and ground configuration, the surrounding of the steel mesh compartment 7 is high Degree is not less than the water level line of the water table 4, and the steel mesh compartment 7 passes through the anchor point for 45 ° of forward and reverse intersections being arranged alternately It is fixed on surrounding metope and ground;
(3) barrel 5 that catchments, the directly contact surrounding metope of barrel 5 that catchments are laid between the anchor point of forward and reverse intersection The ground and;
It (4) is skeleton with the steel mesh compartment 7, the high polymer waterproof material after one layer of hot compress hot melt forms one after solidification Macromolecule waterproof coating 8, and in the steel mesh compartment 7, the barrel 5 that catchments be coated on.
The waterproof method of the present embodiment is to implement to carry out for the underground for having generated crack, on the bottom surface of basement 1 Several terrace cracks 302 are distributed with, several cracking of wall surface 301 are distributed on surroundings wall.
The steel mesh compartment 7 includes several steel pipes 703 that are parallel, equidistantly arranging, is also vertically equipped on those steel pipes 703 Several reinforcing ribs 704, and those steel pipes 703 are linked to be by an entirety by the reinforcing rib 704, on each steel pipe 703 Alternately it is equipped with the first skew nailing anchor point 701 and the second skew nailing anchor point 702, on the basis of being fixed face, the first skew nailing anchor point 701 Setting angle be 45 ° of the oblique lower-left on the vertical plane for be fixed face, the setting angle of the second skew nailing anchor point 702 be It is fixed 45 ° of oblique bottom right on the vertical plane in face, 701 groups of the first skew nailing anchor point on those steel pipes 703 is in a row with vertical plane The button that the direction of upper 45 ° of oblique lower-left hammers into the face of being fixed sets device, the second skew nailing anchor point 702 composition on those steel pipes 703 One row sets device with the button that the direction of 45 ° of bottom right oblique on vertical plane hammers into the face of being fixed.
The steel mesh compartment 7 is made of corrosion resistant metal material.
The laying direction of the barrel 5 that catchments is parallel with the setting direction of the reinforcing rib 704.
The micropore 6 for collecting percolating water is distributed in the both ends and side of the barrel 5 that catchments, for collecting and guiding Surrounding metope or the micro percolating water on ground.
The macromolecule waterproof coating 8 is the coating in homogeneous thickness formed on surrounding metope or ground.
The expansion rate of the high polymer waterproof material is that 0.02~0.045, B2 grades of oxygen index (OI)s are greater than 26%, can be born most Big hydrostatic pressure is 10Kpa/30 days, and curing time, density was 0.02~0.045 within 5 minutes.
In the present embodiment, the barrel 5 that catchments mainly plays the generated excessive pressure that will seep water and concentrates and evacuate away Effect, and high polymer waterproof material is then to play the role of water blockoff, the two combine to have it is stifled have thin, infiltration is driven in can Except space.
In the present invention, lined rapid shaping underground space waterproof technique construction technology is easy, is applicable in of different shapesly Lower engineering has the characteristics that solve complicated problem with easy method.In Practical Project practice, lined rapid shaping underground Space waterproof technique has " more, fast, good, province " four main advantages.
(1) more, i.e. contribution to society is more
The high molecular material of lined rapid shaping underground space waterproof technique does not generate waste water in the construction process, gives up Slag, and the gas and waste being harmful to the human body will not be generated in the construction process, agree with the trend of the times of low-carbon, energy-saving and environmental protection Stream.
(2) fastly, i.e., the construction period is fast
Working procedure is few, simple and convenient, requires construction environment low, no seasonal requirement.Especially macromolecule material The hot compress construction efficiency of material is high, and one people of hot compress high polymer waterproof material can be easily accomplished the workload of several hectosteres for one day, Curing molding is fast.
(3) good, i.e. good engineering quality
The stifled lined rapid shaping underground space waterproof technique organically combined is dredged, by waterproof thought, waterproof technique, waterproof Construction technology of material and waterproof etc. has carried out organic height system integration, and underground space waterproof performance greatly improved, protect Hinder and improve the quality of hypogee structure.
(4) it saves, i.e., overall cost saves
High polymer waterproof material needed for hot compress is than the materials same thickness layer ratio such as conventional waterproof coiled material and water-repellent paint Cheap in price is talked about, furthermore due to high polymer waterproof material convenient and quick construction, it is only necessary to a set of special equipment, construction efficiency It is artificial can to save a large amount of manpower for height, and native with haydite, and if perlite land-fill method ratio, overall construction cost is only 1/2 left side It is right.Utmostly reduce the problem that disturbs residents in community resident construction simultaneously.Therefore, it is comprehensive that hypogee waterproof can be greatly reduced Originally, overall construction cost is only 1/2 or so of original land-fill method for synthesis.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of waterproof method for underground installation, the underground installation includes a basement, and the basement is set to one In ground layer, a water table is also distributed between the basement and the ground layer, which is characterized in that the waterproof side Method includes the following steps:
(1) in one steel mesh compartment of the surrounding metope of the basement and ground configuration, the surrounding height of the steel mesh compartment is not low In the water level line of the water table, the anchor point that the steel mesh compartment passes through 45 ° of forward and reverse intersections being arranged alternately is fixed on four On all metopes and ground;
(2) be laid with and catchment barrel or microporous barrier between the anchor point of forward and reverse intersection, it is described catchment barrel or the microporous barrier it is straight Contact surrounding metope and ground;
(3) using the steel mesh compartment as skeleton, one layer of hot compress hot melt after high polymer waterproof material, a macromolecule is formed after solidification Waterproof coating, and by the steel mesh compartment, described catchment barrel or in the microporous barrier is coated on.
2. waterproof method as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that before carrying out step (1), also successively to surrounding metope Cleaning and water removal operation are carried out with ground.
3. waterproof method as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the water removal is first to exclude original ponding, then dry.
4. waterproof method as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that if the steel mesh compartment include it is parallel, equidistantly arrange Dry root steel pipe is also vertically equipped with several reinforcing ribs on those steel pipes, and those steel pipes is linked to be one by the reinforcing rib It is whole, the first skew nailing anchor point and the second skew nailing anchor point, on the basis of being fixed face, described first are alternately equipped on each steel pipe The setting angle of skew nailing anchor point is 45 ° of oblique lower-left, the setting angle of the second skew nailing anchor point on the vertical plane for be fixed face Degree is 45 ° of the oblique bottom right on the vertical plane for be fixed face, and the first skew nailing anchor point group on those steel pipes is in a row with vertical plane The button that the direction of upper 45 ° of oblique lower-left hammers into the face of being fixed sets device, the second skew nailing anchor point group on those steel pipes it is in a row with The button that the direction of 45 ° of oblique bottom right hammers into the face of being fixed on vertical plane sets device.
5. waterproof method as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that the steel mesh compartment uses corrosion resistant metal material system At.
6. waterproof method as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that the laying direction of catchment barrel or the microporous barrier It is parallel with the setting direction of the reinforcing rib.
7. waterproof method as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the both ends and side of the barrel that catchments are distributed with and are used for Collect the micropore of percolating water.
8. waterproof method as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the macromolecule waterproof coating is on surrounding metope or ground One formed on face coating in homogeneous thickness.
9. waterproof method as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the expansion rate of the high polymer waterproof material be 0.02~ 0.045, B2 grade of oxygen index (OI) is greater than 26%, and the maximum hydrostatic pressure that can be born is 10Kpa/30 days, curing time 5 minutes with Interior, density is 0.02~0.045.
CN201610865362.6A 2016-09-29 2016-09-29 A kind of waterproof method for underground installation Active CN107882063B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111270708A (en) * 2020-03-11 2020-06-12 中国一冶集团有限公司 Sump leakage plugging device and sump leakage plugging method

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CN202945619U (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-05-22 新宇建设有限公司 Basement wall and baseplate waterproof and drainage structure
CN103184747A (en) * 2013-02-26 2013-07-03 上海隧道工程股份有限公司 Method and structure for leakage seepage prevention construction for two-walls-in-one structure of deep-underground engineering
CN103821181A (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-05-28 中天建设集团有限公司 Basement bottom plate water drainage layer construction method
CN204551506U (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-08-12 中国建筑第六工程局有限公司 A kind of moisture-proof construction doubling as the ground-connecting-wall of main body side wall
CN204662515U (en) * 2015-03-18 2015-09-23 昌建建设集团有限公司 For the Novel water collection pipe of building basement waterproofing system

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11336099A (en) * 1998-05-27 1999-12-07 Hirose:Kk Construction method of basement

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201254732Y (en) * 2008-09-10 2009-06-10 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Prevention and training combined water proofing system for basement
CN202945619U (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-05-22 新宇建设有限公司 Basement wall and baseplate waterproof and drainage structure
CN103184747A (en) * 2013-02-26 2013-07-03 上海隧道工程股份有限公司 Method and structure for leakage seepage prevention construction for two-walls-in-one structure of deep-underground engineering
CN103821181A (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-05-28 中天建设集团有限公司 Basement bottom plate water drainage layer construction method
CN204662515U (en) * 2015-03-18 2015-09-23 昌建建设集团有限公司 For the Novel water collection pipe of building basement waterproofing system
CN204551506U (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-08-12 中国建筑第六工程局有限公司 A kind of moisture-proof construction doubling as the ground-connecting-wall of main body side wall

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