CN107882063A - A kind of waterproof method for underground installation - Google Patents

A kind of waterproof method for underground installation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107882063A
CN107882063A CN201610865362.6A CN201610865362A CN107882063A CN 107882063 A CN107882063 A CN 107882063A CN 201610865362 A CN201610865362 A CN 201610865362A CN 107882063 A CN107882063 A CN 107882063A
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Prior art keywords
waterproof
steel mesh
anchor point
ground
mesh compartment
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CN201610865362.6A
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CN107882063B (en
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张司令
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张司令
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/045Underground structures, e.g. tunnels or galleries, built in the open air or by methods involving disturbance of the ground surface all along the location line; Methods of making them
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D31/00Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution
    • E02D31/02Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution against ground humidity or ground water

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of waterproof method for underground installation, it comprises the following steps:(1) in the surrounding metope and the steel mesh compartment of ground configuration one of basement, the surrounding of the steel mesh compartment is highly not less than the waterline of water table, and the steel mesh compartment is fixed on surrounding metope and ground by the anchor point for 45 ° of forward and reverse intersections being arranged alternately;(2) laying is catchmented barrel or microporous barrier between the anchor point of forward and reverse intersection, described to catchment barrel or the microporous barrier directly contacts surrounding metope and ground;(3) using the steel mesh compartment as skeleton, the high polymer waterproof material after one layer of hot compress hot melt forms a macromolecule waterproof coating after solidification, and by the steel mesh compartment, described catchment barrel or in the microporous barrier is coated on.Microporous barrier or the barrel that catchments mainly play hydrophobic effect in the waterproof method of the present invention, and high polymer waterproof material plays plugging function, both combine so as to have it is stifled have thin, infiltration is driven outside free space.

Description

A kind of waterproof method for underground installation
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of waterproof method for underground installation.
Background technology
At present, the traditional waterproof technique of the underground space mainly has following several:
(1) impermeable structure
Carry out waterproof by water-proof concrete impermeability in itself and density, for example, basement, Underground pump station, Pond, underpass etc..Building structure is both load-bearing enclosed structure, is waterproof layer again.So impermeable structure is carried out, construction Simplicity, short time limit, improve working conditions, save construction costs, being widely adopted in engineering.And impermeable structure technology institute Concrete material is easy to get, cheap, and good endurance is easy to maintenance, but the apparent density of waterproof layer material is big, and tension is strong Spend low, ultimate tensile strength is small, is easily influenceed by the deformation of the dry and wet of concrete or mortar, temperature deformation and malformation and produces and split Seam, so as to cause higher percolation ratio.
(2) waterproof layer is added
I.e. in the outside of works, increase waterproof layer carrys out waterproof.Conventional waterproof layer has cement mortar, coiled material, waterproof to apply Material, bituminous cements and metal waterproof layer etc., they are applicable to different engineering objects, waterproof requirement and execution conditions etc.. Wherein waterproof roll mainly has SBS modified bituminous pitch coiled materials, polyethylene polypropylene fiber waterproof coiled material (also into macromolecule polypropylene fibre coiled material), PVC Waterproof roll, EPDM rubber waterproof rolling material, alloy waterproof roll, from note waterproof roll etc.;Water-repellent paint has polyurethane to prevent Water paint, water-proof acrylic acid paint, JS water-repellent paints (two-component), neoprene water-repellent paint etc..
Add requirement of the waterproof layer technology to waterproof basal plane typically relatively strict, it is necessary to which substantially flat, bright and clean, water content exists Constructed on less than 9% basal plane, layering otherwise just occurs, plays drum, the situation of channeling water;And plasticity is poor, it is difficult to the processing opposite sex Changeable or narrow and small waterproof position, easily leaves a void and weak spot;The waterproofing layer thickness of formation is thin, and intensity is weak, durable years It is short;Integrated cost is high;Wherein waterproof roll and coating are typically also easy to burn, and containing poisonous volatilization gas, surrounding air can be made Into pollution.
(3) draining waterproof is oozed
I.e. using french drain, the measures such as drainage blanket are oozed to exclude neighbouring water source come waterproof.This method is primarily adapted for use in shape It is complicated, influenceed by high temperature, level of ground water perched water, and the hypogee that waterproof requirement is higher.
It is thin to ooze draining waterproof technique and change and block up, but the fact that without original infiltration is changed, is simply concentrated original infiltration Together it is pumped to sewer to be handled, the crowded underground space for occupying preciousness is not said, is last a very long time likely to result in and is built Build the serious problems of thing sedimentation.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are that overcoming impermeable structure technology of the prior art to exist is also easy to produce The defects of crack, add waterproof layer technology exist requirement to waterproof basal plane is high, easily leave a void and weak spot and durable years it is short, The defects of integrated cost is high, inflammable, pollution is big, and ooze the existing underground space for taking preciousness of draining waterproof technique, Yi Zao The defects of into building settlement, and provide a kind of waterproof method for underground installation.Waterproof method provided by the invention by Traditional " passive waterproof " is changed into " active waterproof ", is a kind of stifled dredge from simple " water blockoff ", " hydrophobic " to " have stifled have thin " Organically combine, brand-new lined rapid shaping underground space waterproof technique, realizing waterproof demand, solving underground space seepage While problem, it is ensured that the architecture quality of the underground space.
The invention provides a kind of waterproof method for underground installation, described underground installation includes a basement, institute Basement is stated in a ground layer, a water table is also distributed between the basement and the ground layer, described is anti- Water method comprises the following steps:
(1) in the surrounding metope and the steel mesh compartment of ground configuration one of the basement, the surrounding height of the steel mesh compartment Not less than the waterline of the water table, the steel mesh compartment is fixed by the anchor point for 45 ° of forward and reverse intersections being arranged alternately In on surrounding metope and ground;
(2) catchment barrel or microporous barrier, barrel or the micropore of catchmenting are laid between the anchor point of forward and reverse intersection Film directly contacts surrounding metope and ground;
(3) using the steel mesh compartment as skeleton, the high polymer waterproof material after one layer of hot melt of hot compress, it is high that one is formed after solidification Molecule waterproof coating, and by the steel mesh compartment, described catchment barrel or in the microporous barrier is coated on.
The waterproof method of the present invention can be not only used for newly-built underground installation, can be also used for having produced the ground in crack Lower implementation, when having produced crack, some terrace cracks (ground pore) are distributed with the bottom surface of basement, on surroundings wall Some cracking of wall surface (metope pore) are distributed with.
It is preferred that before step (1) is carried out, also surrounding metope and ground are cleaned successively and water removal operation.Clearly Clean purpose is to remove to be attached to metope and the rubbish on ground originally, in order to which high polymer waterproof material is preferably bonded admittedly It is fixed.
Wherein, described water removal preferably first excludes original ponding, then dries.
It is preferred that the steel mesh compartment includes some steel pipes that are parallel, equidistantly arranging, also vertically it is provided with those steel pipes Some reinforcements, and those steel pipes are linked to be by an entirety by the reinforcement, alternately it is provided with first on each steel pipe Skew nailing anchor point and the second skew nailing anchor point, on the basis of by stationary plane, the setting angle of the first skew nailing anchor point is to be fixed Oblique 45 ° of lower-left on the vertical plane in face, the setting angle of the second skew nailing anchor point is oblique on the vertical plane by stationary plane 45 ° of bottom right, the first skew nailing anchor point group direction in a row with 45 ° of oblique lower-left on vertical plane on those steel pipes, which hammers into, to be fixed The button in face sets device, and the second skew nailing anchor point group direction in a row with 45 ° of oblique bottom right on vertical plane on those steel pipes hammers into Device is set by the button of stationary plane.
It is preferred that the steel mesh compartment is made of corrosion resistant metal material.
It is preferred that the laying direction of catchment barrel or the microporous barrier is parallel with the setting direction of the reinforcement.
It is preferred that the micropore for collecting percolating water is distributed with the both ends and side of the barrel that catchments, for collect with And guiding surrounding metope or the micro percolating water on ground.
It is preferred that the macromolecule waterproof coating is the coating in uniform thickness formed on surrounding metope or ground.
It is preferred that the high polymer waterproof material has micro-expansibility energy, its expansion rate is 0.02~0.045, so that High polymer waterproof material is solid state transformed through heating backward microdilatancy by initial form liquid, until curing molding.
It is preferred that the high polymer waterproof material has high flame resistance, its B2 levels oxygen index (OI) is more than 26%.
It is preferred that the high polymer waterproof material has anti-permeability performance, the standard specimen of 30 day age, standard are made into Test specimen is 1m*1m*1m box-like body, and its maximum hydrostatic pressure that can be born is 10Kpa, equivalent in the range of 1m water depth pressures Water-impervious.
It is preferred that the hardening time of the high polymer waterproof material is within 5 minutes.
It is preferred that the high polymer waterproof material has the performance from heavy and light, its density is 0.02~0.045.
In the present invention, microporous barrier or the barrel that catchments mainly serve and excessive pressure caused by infiltration are concentrated and dredged The effect to shed, and high polymer waterproof material is then the effect for serving water blockoff, both combine so as to have it is stifled have thin, will seep water Drive outside free space.
It on the basis of common sense in the field is met, above-mentioned each optimum condition, can be combined, it is each preferably real to produce the present invention Example.
The positive effect of the present invention is:
(1) waterproof method of the invention solves the situation of underground installation long-term existence percolating water.
(2) building structure is improved due to destruction caused by long-term infiltration immersion.
(3) prevented, because mosquitos and flies caused by underground installation ponding grows, to improve environmental sanitation.
(4) underground installation usage range and applicable attribute are improved.
(5) for traditional handicraft, cost is significantly reduced, shortens the engineering time, alleviates labor intensity, and At utmost reduce the problem of disturbing residents.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the sectional view of the waterproof construction of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 2 is the dimensional structure diagram of the steel mesh compartment of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 3 is the dimensional structure diagram of the steel mesh compartment of the embodiment of the present invention 1 and the barrel that catchments.
Fig. 4 is the internal structure enlarged diagram of the waterproof construction of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 5 is the left view of Fig. 3 internal structure.
Description of reference numerals is as follows:
Basement:1
Ground layer:2
Cracking of wall surface:301
Terrace cracks:302
Water table:4
Catchment barrel:5
Micropore:6
Steel mesh compartment:7
First skew nailing anchor point:701
Second skew nailing anchor point:702
Steel pipe:703
Reinforcement:704
Macromolecule waterproof coating:8
Embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below by the mode of embodiment, but does not therefore limit the present invention to described reality Apply among a scope.
Embodiment 1
A kind of waterproof method is present embodiments provided, for corresponding waterproof construction as shown in Fig. 1~5, underground installation includes one A underground is also distributed between the basement 1 and the ground layer 2 in a ground layer 2 in basement 1, the basement 1 Water layer 4, described waterproof method comprise the following steps:
(1) surrounding metope and ground are cleaned and water removal operation, wherein, remove water first to exclude original ponding, then dry It is dry;
(2) it is high in the surrounding metope and the steel mesh compartment 7 of ground configuration one of the basement 1, the surrounding of the steel mesh compartment 7 Degree is not less than the waterline of the water table 4, and the steel mesh compartment 7 passes through the anchor point for 45 ° of forward and reverse intersections being arranged alternately It is fixed on surrounding metope and ground;
(3) barrel 5 that catchments is laid between the anchor point of forward and reverse intersection, the barrel 5 that catchments directly contacts surrounding metope And ground;
(4) it is skeleton with the steel mesh compartment 7, the high polymer waterproof material after one layer of hot melt of hot compress, one is formed after solidification Macromolecule waterproof coating 8, and in the steel mesh compartment 7, the barrel 5 that catchments be coated on.
The waterproof method of the present embodiment is to implement what is carried out for having produced the underground in crack, on the bottom surface of basement 1 Some terrace cracks 302 are distributed with, some cracking of wall surface 301 are distributed with surroundings wall.
The steel mesh compartment 7 includes some steel pipes 703 that are parallel, equidistantly arranging, is also vertically provided with those steel pipes 703 Some reinforcements 704, and those steel pipes 703 are linked to be by an entirety by the reinforcement 704, on each steel pipe 703 Alternating is provided with the first skew nailing anchor point 701 and the second skew nailing anchor point 702, on the basis of by stationary plane, the first skew nailing anchor point 701 Setting angle be oblique 45 ° of the lower-left on the vertical plane by stationary plane, the setting angle of the second skew nailing anchor point 702 be By 45 ° of oblique bottom right on the vertical plane of stationary plane, 701 groups of the first skew nailing anchor point on those steel pipes 703 is in a row with vertical plane The direction of upper oblique 45 ° of lower-left hammers into sets device by the button of stationary plane, and the second skew nailing anchor point 702 on those steel pipes 703 forms One row is hammered into the direction of 45 ° of oblique bottom right on vertical plane and sets device by the button of stationary plane.
The steel mesh compartment 7 is made of corrosion resistant metal material.
The laying direction of the barrel 5 that catchments is parallel with the setting direction of the reinforcement 704.
The micropore 6 for collecting percolating water is distributed with the both ends and side of the barrel 5 that catchments, for collecting and guiding Surrounding metope or the micro percolating water on ground.
The macromolecule waterproof coating 8 is the coating in uniform thickness formed on surrounding metope or ground.
The expansion rate of the high polymer waterproof material is that 0.02~0.045, B2 levels oxygen index (OI) is more than 26%, can be born most Big hydrostatic pressure is 10Kpa/30 days, and hardening time, density was 0.02~0.045 within 5 minutes.
In the present embodiment, the barrel 5 that catchments mainly serves and excessive pressure caused by infiltration is concentrated and evacuated away Effect, and high polymer waterproof material is then the effect for serving water blockoff, both combine so as to have it is stifled have thin, infiltration is driven in can Outside space.
In the present invention, lined rapid shaping underground space waterproof technique construction technology is easy, is applicable of different shapesly Lower engineering, have and solve the characteristics of complicated problem with easy method.In Practical Project practice, lined rapid shaping underground Space waterproof technique has " more, fast, good, province " four main advantages.
(1) more, i.e. contribution to society is more
The high polymer material of lined rapid shaping underground space waterproof technique does not produce waste water in work progress, given up Slag, and harmful gas and discarded object will not be produced in work progress, agree with low-carbon, the trend of the times of energy-saving and environmental protection Stream.
(2) soon, i.e., the construction period is fast
Working procedure is few, simple and convenient, requires low to construction environment, no seasonal requirement.Especially macromolecule material The hot compress efficiency of construction of material is high, hot compress high polymer waterproof material one people, one day workload that can be easily accomplished several hectosteres, Curing molding is fast.
(3) it is good, i.e. good engineering quality
The stifled lined rapid shaping underground space waterproof technique organically combined is dredged, by waterproof thought, waterproof technique, waterproof Construction technology of material and waterproof etc. has carried out organic height system and integrated, and underground space water resistance greatly improved, and protects Hinder and improve the quality of hypogee structure.
(4) save, i.e., integrated cost saves
High polymer waterproof material needed for hot compress is than the material same thickness layer ratio such as conventional waterproof coiled material and water-repellent paint Cheap in price is talked about, furthermore due to high polymer waterproof material convenient and quick construction, it is only necessary to a set of special equipment, efficiency of construction Height, it is artificial to save substantial amounts of manpower, and with haydite soil, if perlite land-fill method ratio, overall construction cost is only 1/2 left It is right.At utmost reduce the problem that disturbs residents when community resident is constructed simultaneously.Therefore, it is comprehensive that hypogee waterproof can be greatly reduced Originally, overall construction cost is only 1/2 or so of original land-fill method for synthesis.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of waterproof method for underground installation, described underground installation includes a basement, and the basement is located at one In ground layer, a water table is also distributed between the basement and the ground layer, it is characterised in that described waterproof side Method comprises the following steps:
(1) it is not low in the surrounding metope and the steel mesh compartment of ground configuration one of the basement, the surrounding height of the steel mesh compartment In the waterline of the water table, the steel mesh compartment is fixed on four by the anchor point for 45 ° of forward and reverse intersections being arranged alternately On all metopes and ground;
(2) laying is catchmented barrel or microporous barrier between the anchor point of forward and reverse intersection, it is described catchment barrel or the microporous barrier it is straight Contact surrounding metope and ground;
(3) using the steel mesh compartment as skeleton, the high polymer waterproof material after one layer of hot melt of hot compress, a macromolecule is formed after solidification Waterproof coating, and by the steel mesh compartment, described catchment barrel or in the microporous barrier is coated on.
2. waterproof method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that before step (1) is carried out, also successively to surrounding metope Cleaned with ground and water removal operation.
3. waterproof method as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that described water removal is first to exclude original ponding, then is dried.
4. waterproof method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that if the steel mesh compartment include it is parallel, equidistantly arrange Dry root steel pipe, some reinforcements are also vertically provided with those steel pipes, and those steel pipes are linked to be one by the reinforcement It is overall, alternately it is provided with the first skew nailing anchor point and the second skew nailing anchor point, on the basis of by stationary plane, described first on each steel pipe The setting angle of skew nailing anchor point is oblique 45 ° of lower-left, the setting angle of the second skew nailing anchor point on the vertical plane by stationary plane Spend for 45 ° of the oblique bottom right on the vertical plane by stationary plane, the first skew nailing anchor point group on those steel pipes is in a row with vertical plane The direction of upper oblique 45 ° of lower-left hammers into sets device by the button of stationary plane, the second skew nailing anchor point group on those steel pipes it is in a row with The direction of oblique 45 ° of bottom right hammers on vertical plane sets device by the button of stationary plane.
5. waterproof method as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that the steel mesh compartment uses corrosion resistant metal material system Into.
6. waterproof method as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that the laying direction of catchment barrel or the microporous barrier It is parallel with the setting direction of the reinforcement.
7. waterproof method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the both ends and side of the barrel that catchments are distributed with and are used for Collect the micropore of percolating water.
8. waterproof method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the macromolecule waterproof coating is on surrounding metope or ground The coating in uniform thickness formed on face.
9. waterproof method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the expansion rate of the high polymer waterproof material be 0.02~ 0.045, B2 level oxygen index (OI) be more than 26%, the maximum hydrostatic pressure that can be born be 10Kpa/30 days, hardening time 5 minutes with Interior, density is 0.02~0.045.
CN201610865362.6A 2016-09-29 2016-09-29 A kind of waterproof method for underground installation Active CN107882063B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111270708A (en) * 2020-03-11 2020-06-12 中国一冶集团有限公司 Sump leakage plugging device and sump leakage plugging method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11336099A (en) * 1998-05-27 1999-12-07 Hirose:Kk Construction method of basement
CN201254732Y (en) * 2008-09-10 2009-06-10 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Prevention and training combined water proofing system for basement
CN202945619U (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-05-22 新宇建设有限公司 Basement wall and baseplate waterproof and drainage structure
CN103184747A (en) * 2013-02-26 2013-07-03 上海隧道工程股份有限公司 Method and structure for leakage seepage prevention construction for two-walls-in-one structure of deep-underground engineering
CN103821181A (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-05-28 中天建设集团有限公司 Basement bottom plate water drainage layer construction method
CN204551506U (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-08-12 中国建筑第六工程局有限公司 A kind of moisture-proof construction doubling as the ground-connecting-wall of main body side wall
CN204662515U (en) * 2015-03-18 2015-09-23 昌建建设集团有限公司 For the Novel water collection pipe of building basement waterproofing system

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11336099A (en) * 1998-05-27 1999-12-07 Hirose:Kk Construction method of basement
CN201254732Y (en) * 2008-09-10 2009-06-10 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Prevention and training combined water proofing system for basement
CN202945619U (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-05-22 新宇建设有限公司 Basement wall and baseplate waterproof and drainage structure
CN103184747A (en) * 2013-02-26 2013-07-03 上海隧道工程股份有限公司 Method and structure for leakage seepage prevention construction for two-walls-in-one structure of deep-underground engineering
CN103821181A (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-05-28 中天建设集团有限公司 Basement bottom plate water drainage layer construction method
CN204662515U (en) * 2015-03-18 2015-09-23 昌建建设集团有限公司 For the Novel water collection pipe of building basement waterproofing system
CN204551506U (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-08-12 中国建筑第六工程局有限公司 A kind of moisture-proof construction doubling as the ground-connecting-wall of main body side wall

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111270708A (en) * 2020-03-11 2020-06-12 中国一冶集团有限公司 Sump leakage plugging device and sump leakage plugging method

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