CN107869782B - Air conditioner - Google Patents

Air conditioner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107869782B
CN107869782B CN201710854369.2A CN201710854369A CN107869782B CN 107869782 B CN107869782 B CN 107869782B CN 201710854369 A CN201710854369 A CN 201710854369A CN 107869782 B CN107869782 B CN 107869782B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
outlet
air
air conditioner
plate
blower
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201710854369.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN107869782A (en
Inventor
曹城准
李东润
李济够
慎世勋
尹俊镐
崔兴燮
金权镇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Samsung Electronics Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Samsung Electronics Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to KR10-2016-0121676 priority Critical
Priority to KR1020160121676A priority patent/KR20180032439A/en
Application filed by Samsung Electronics Co Ltd filed Critical Samsung Electronics Co Ltd
Publication of CN107869782A publication Critical patent/CN107869782A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107869782B publication Critical patent/CN107869782B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/0003Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station characterised by a split arrangement, wherein parts of the air-conditioning system, e.g. evaporator and condenser, are in separately located units
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/0007Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units
    • F24F1/0011Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units characterised by air outlets
    • F24F1/0014Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units characterised by air outlets having two or more outlet openings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/0007Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units
    • F24F1/0018Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units characterised by fans
    • F24F1/0033Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units characterised by fans having two or more fans
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/0007Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units
    • F24F1/0043Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units characterised by mounting arrangements
    • F24F1/005Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units characterised by mounting arrangements mounted on the floor; standing on the floor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/0007Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units
    • F24F1/0059Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units characterised by heat exchangers
    • F24F1/0063Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units characterised by heat exchangers by the mounting or arrangement of the heat exchangers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/70Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof
    • F24F11/72Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the supply of treated air, e.g. its pressure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/02Ducting arrangements
    • F24F13/06Outlets for directing or distributing air into rooms or spaces, e.g. ceiling air diffuser
    • F24F13/068Outlets for directing or distributing air into rooms or spaces, e.g. ceiling air diffuser formed as perforated walls, ceilings or floors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/08Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates
    • F24F13/10Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates movable, e.g. dampers
    • F24F13/12Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates movable, e.g. dampers built up of sliding members
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/08Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates
    • F24F13/10Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates movable, e.g. dampers
    • F24F13/14Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates movable, e.g. dampers built up of tilting members, e.g. louvre
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/08Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates
    • F24F13/10Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates movable, e.g. dampers
    • F24F13/14Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates movable, e.g. dampers built up of tilting members, e.g. louvre
    • F24F13/1413Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates movable, e.g. dampers built up of tilting members, e.g. louvre using more than one tilting member, e.g. with several pivoting blades
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/08Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates
    • F24F13/10Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates movable, e.g. dampers
    • F24F13/14Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates movable, e.g. dampers built up of tilting members, e.g. louvre
    • F24F13/15Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates movable, e.g. dampers built up of tilting members, e.g. louvre with parallel simultaneously tiltable lamellae
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/20Casings or covers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/22Means for preventing condensation or evacuating condensate
    • F24F13/222Means for preventing condensation or evacuating condensate for evacuating condensate
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/30Arrangement or mounting of heat-exchangers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/20Casings or covers
    • F24F2013/205Mounting a ventilator fan therein
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2140/00Control inputs relating to system states
    • F24F2140/40Damper positions, e.g. open or closed
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2221/00Details or features not otherwise provided for
    • F24F2221/02Details or features not otherwise provided for combined with lighting fixtures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/70Efficient control or regulation technologies, e.g. for control of refrigerant flow, motor or heating

Abstract

The present disclosure provides an air conditioner, including: a housing having an inlet, an outlet, and a drain plate disposed adjacent to the outlet, the drain plate having a plurality of apertures; a heat exchanger disposed inside the housing; a blower for blowing air heat-exchanged with the heat exchanger; and a shutter movably disposed to open and close at least one of a first path through which the air blown by the blower flows to the outlet and a second path through which the air flows to the discharge plate.

Description

Air conditioner
Technical Field
Embodiments of the present disclosure relate to an air conditioner, and more particularly, to an air conditioner capable of changing an air discharge method.
Background
Generally, an air conditioner is a device that adjusts temperature, humidity, airflow, distribution, etc. to optimal conditions of human activities by using a cooling cycle. The main components that make up the cooling cycle include a compressor, a condenser, an evaporator, and a blower.
Air conditioners may be classified into a split type air conditioner in which an indoor unit and an outdoor unit are separately installed and a window type air conditioner in which an indoor unit and an outdoor unit are installed together in a single cabinet. An indoor unit of the split type air conditioner includes a heat exchanger that heat-exchanges air drawn into the inside of the panel, and a blower that draws indoor air into the inside of the panel and discharges the drawn air to an indoor space again. In a typical air conditioner, an indoor unit is designed to minimize a heat exchanger, and to increase Revolutions Per Minute (RPM) of a blower to maximize wind speed and wind volume. Therefore, the temperature of the discharged air is lowered, and the air discharged to the indoor space forms a narrow and long path.
Therefore, the user feels cold and uncomfortable when he/she directly contacts the discharged air, and feels hot and uncomfortable when he/she does not contact the discharged air.
Further, increasing the RPM of the blower to obtain a high wind speed results in an increase in noise. Meanwhile, a radiation air conditioner (radial air conditioner) that conditions air without using any blower requires a large panel in order to obtain the same performance (capability) as an air conditioner using a blower. In addition, the radiation air conditioner has a very low cooling rate and requires high construction costs.
Disclosure of Invention
An aspect of the present disclosure provides an air conditioner capable of implementing various air discharge methods.
Another aspect of the present disclosure provides an air conditioner capable of cooling or heating an indoor space at a minimum wind speed that a user may feel comfortable.
Yet another aspect of the present disclosure provides an air conditioner capable of performing cooling by convection by minimizing wind speed and realizing radiation cooling in a neighboring area.
Additional aspects of the disclosure will be set forth in part in the description which follows, and in part will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the disclosure.
According to an aspect of the present disclosure, an air conditioner includes: a housing having an inlet, an outlet, and a drain plate disposed adjacent to the outlet, the drain plate having a plurality of apertures; a heat exchanger disposed inside the housing; the air blower is used for blowing air which exchanges heat with the heat exchanger; and a shutter movably disposed to open and close at least one of a first path through which the air blown by the blower flows to the outlet and a second path through which the air blown by the blower flows to the discharge plate.
The shutter is configured to slide between a first position closing the first path and a second position closing the second path.
The shutter is located in the second position on the rear face of the racking plate.
The drain board is formed on at least one of a front surface and a side surface of the case.
The shutter is rotatably disposed inside the housing, and the second path is closed when the outlet is opened.
The shutter is configured to slide inside the housing and is configured to close the second path when the outlet is open.
The shutter is rotatably disposed inside the housing and is rotatable to close the first path when the outlet is closed.
The air conditioner further includes a vane configured to guide air discharged from the outlet or close the outlet. The blade includes: a plurality of first vanes configured to move from a guide position for guiding the discharged air to a closed position for moving from the guide position and blocking the outlet; at least one second vane operable to move the first plurality of vanes between the guide position and the closed position and to intercept the outlet with the first plurality of vanes in the closed position.
The air conditioner further includes a drain plate formed below the drain plate and the heat exchanger.
The drain plate protrudes from a front surface of the case.
The air conditioner further includes a light emitting unit formed along at least a portion of the housing and configured to emit light.
The inlet further comprises: a first inlet formed in a rear surface or a side surface of the housing; a second inlet formed to face a front of the housing together with the outlet and configured to be closed when air blown by the blowing air is discharged through the discharge plate.
The air conditioner further includes an inlet door configured to open and close the second inlet.
The air conditioner further includes an auxiliary blower disposed above the second inlet, and the auxiliary blower serves to blow air discharged from the discharge plate toward the front of the case.
According to one aspect of the present disclosure, an air conditioner includes a housing having an outlet and a discharge plate disposed adjacent to the outlet, a heat exchanger disposed in the housing, and a blower arranged to discharge air heat-exchanged with the heat exchanger to the outside of the housing through the outlet or the discharge plate. The drain plate includes a first plate and a second plate having a plurality of holes, respectively, wherein the first plate and the second plate move in a closed mode in which the plurality of holes of one of the first plate and the second plate are closed by the other plate and an open mode in which the plurality of holes in the first plate and the second plate are open.
The discharge plate operates in the closed mode when the outlet is open and operates in the open mode when the outlet is closed.
The first and second plates are configured to slide between the open mode and the closed mode. The apertures of the first and second plates are aligned with each other in the open mode.
The first plate and the second plate are in close contact with each other in the closed mode and are separated from each other in the open mode.
According to an aspect of the present disclosure, an air conditioner includes a case having an outlet, a discharge plate disposed adjacent to the outlet and having a plurality of holes, a heat exchanger disposed in the case, a blower arranged to discharge air heat-exchanged with the heat exchanger to the outside of the case through the outlet or the discharge plate, and an auxiliary plate disposed in the case to be separated from the discharge plate, wherein the auxiliary plate includes a plurality of holes through which air blown by the blower toward the discharge plate flows.
The air blown by the blower flows sequentially through the auxiliary plate and the discharge plate, and is discharged to the outside of the case.
Drawings
These and/or other aspects and advantages will become apparent and more readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of which:
fig. 1 is a perspective view of an air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 2, 3 and 4 illustrate operations of an air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 5 and 6 are perspective views of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 7 and 8 are diagrams of an operation of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 9 is a perspective view of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 10A and 10B illustrate an operation of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 11A and 11B illustrate an operation of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 12 and 13 are sectional views of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 14 and 15 are diagrams illustrating an operation of a vane of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 16 and 17 are diagrams illustrating an operation of a shutter according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 18 is a diagram illustrating a shape of a shutter according to still another embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 19 is a diagram illustrating a shape of a shutter according to still another embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 20 is a perspective view of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 21 and 22 are diagrams illustrating an operation of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 23 is a sectional view of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 24 is a perspective view of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 25 is a perspective view of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 26 and 27 are diagrams illustrating an operation of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 28 is a sectional view illustrating an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
Detailed Description
The embodiments described in the present specification and the configurations shown in the drawings are only preferred embodiments of the present disclosure, and therefore it should be understood that various modified examples that can replace the embodiments and drawings described in the present specification are possible when the present application is filed.
Further, like reference numerals or symbols in each of the drawings of the present specification denote components or elements performing substantially the same function.
The terms used in the present specification are used to describe embodiments of the present disclosure. Therefore, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the following descriptions of the exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure are provided for illustration only and not for the purpose of limiting the invention as defined by the appended claims and their equivalents. It is to be understood that the singular forms also include the plural referents unless the context clearly dictates otherwise. It will be understood that the terms "comprises," "comprising," and/or "having," when used in this specification, specify the presence of stated features, integers, steps, components, or groups thereof, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, integers, steps, components, or groups thereof.
It will be understood that, although the terms first, second, etc. may be used herein to describe various elements, these elements should not be limited by these terms. These terms are only used to distinguish one element from another. For example, a first element discussed below could be termed a second element, and, similarly, a second element could be termed a first element, without departing from the teachings of the present disclosure. As used herein, the term "and/or" includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.
Hereinafter, embodiments according to the present disclosure will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The cooling cycle constituting the air conditioner may be provided with a compressor, a condenser, an expansion valve, and an evaporator. The cooling cycle may perform a series of processes of compression-condensation-expansion-evaporation to exchange heat of high temperature air with a low temperature refrigerant and then supply the low temperature air to the indoor space.
The compressor may compress a refrigerant gas to a high temperature and high pressure state and discharge the compressed refrigerant gas to the condenser. The condenser may condense the compressed refrigerant gas to a liquid state and dissipate heat to the surroundings during the condensation process. The expansion valve may expand the liquid refrigerant in a high-temperature, high-pressure state condensed by the condenser into a liquid refrigerant in a low-pressure state. The evaporator may evaporate the refrigerant expanded by the expansion valve. The evaporator can achieve a cooling effect by exchanging heat with an object to be cooled using latent heat of evaporation of a refrigerant, and return a refrigerant gas in a low-temperature, low-pressure state to the compressor. By this circulation, the air temperature of the indoor space can be adjusted.
An outdoor unit of an air conditioner may be part of a cooling cycle, and is configured with a compressor and an outdoor heat exchanger. The expansion valve may be installed in any one of the indoor unit and the outdoor unit, and the indoor heat exchanger may be installed in the indoor unit of the air conditioner.
The present disclosure relates to an air conditioner for cooling an indoor space, in which an outdoor heat exchanger serves as a condenser and an indoor heat exchanger serves as an evaporator. Hereinafter, for convenience of description, an indoor unit including an indoor heat exchanger will be referred to as an air conditioner, and the indoor heat exchanger will be referred to as a heat exchanger.
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. Fig. 2, 3 and 4 are diagrams for describing an operation of an air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
The air conditioner 1 may include a case 10, a heat exchanger 20, and an air supply unit 30. The housing 10 may include an inlet 12 and an outlet 14. The heat exchanger 20 can exchange heat with air entering the inside of the case 10. The air blowing unit 30 may circulate air to the inside or outside of the case 10.
The case 10 may include a front panel 10a in which the outlet 14 is formed, a rear panel 10b disposed behind the front panel 10a, a side panel 10c disposed between the front panel 10a and the rear panel 10b, and an upper panel 10d and a lower panel 10e disposed on upper and lower ends of the side panel 10 c. In the current embodiment, the inlet 12 may be formed in the side panel 10c, and the outlet 14 may be formed in the front panel 10 a. However, the positions of the inlet 12 and the outlet 14 are not limited thereto.
The housing 10 may include vanes 16 that direct air flowing through the outlet 14. Vanes 16 may be positioned in the outlet 14 to redirect air flowing through the outlet 14 or to block the outlet 14. More specifically, the blade 16 is rotatable between a guide position 16a and a closed position 16b, the guide position 16a being parallel to the blowing direction of the blown air, and the closed position 16b being perpendicular to the blowing direction of the blown air.
The blower unit 30 may include a blower 32. In the current embodiment, the blower 32 may be an axial flow fan, but is not limited thereto. The blower 32 may have a configuration that passes air drawn from the inlet 12 through the heat exchanger 20 and then discharges the air from the outlet 14 or a plurality of holes 44 to be described later.
The blower unit 30 may include a motor 34. The motor 34 may apply a rotational force to the blower 32.
A heat exchanger 20 may be provided in the housing 10 to exchange heat with air entering through the inlet 12. That is, the heat exchanger 20 may absorb heat from the air entering through the inlet 12 or transfer heat to the air entering through the inlet 12. Below the heat exchanger 20, a drain plate 22 may be provided to collect water condensed by the heat exchanger 20.
The air conditioner 1 may include a discharge plate 40.
The drain board 40 may be part of the housing 10 or a separate element from the housing 10. In the current embodiment, the drain board 40 may be formed on the front panel 10a of the case 10. More specifically, the drain board 40 may be located below the outlet 14. However, the position of the drain plate 40 is not limited as long as the drain plate 40 is formed on at least one of the front surface and the side surface of the case 10. Drain plate 40 may include a plate body 42 and a plurality of apertures 44 formed in plate body 42. The air blown by the blower 32 may be discharged to the outside of the case 10 through the outlet 14 or a plurality of holes 44 formed in the discharge plate 40.
The air conditioner 1 may include a shutter 50. The shutter 50 may be movable inside the housing 10. The air path formed inside the case 10 may include a first path P1 through which air blown by the blower 32 flows to the outlet 14, and a second path P2 through which air blown by the blower 32 flows to the discharge plate 40. The shutter 50 may close at least one of the first path P1 and the second path P2. To this end, the shutter 50 may have a size corresponding to the width of the outlet 14 or the width of the drain plate 40. The shutter 50 may be movable between a first position 50a where it closes the first path P1 and a second position 50b where it closes the second path P2. The first position 50a of the shutter 50 may be a position where the shutter 50 blocks the first path P1 in the middle of the first path P1 as shown in fig. 3, or a position where the shutter 50 blocks the outlet 14 to close the outlet 14 as shown in fig. 4. The second position 50b of the shutter 50 may be a position where the shutter 50 is located on the rear surface of the discharge plate 40 as shown in fig. 2. The method of moving the shutter 50 is not limited. For example, shutter 50 may slide between first position 50a and second position 50 b.
Hereinafter, the operation of the air conditioner 1 according to the above-described configuration will be described.
First, an operation in which air blown by the blower 32 is discharged to the outside of the casing 10 through the outlet 14 will be described.
Referring to fig. 2, the shutter 50 may be disposed at the second position 50b to close the second path P2. The air blown by the blower 32 may not flow into the plurality of holes 44 due to the shutter 50 blocking the second path P2 from moving along the first path P1. Accordingly, air blown by the blower 32 may flow through the heat exchanger 20, move along the first path P1, and then be discharged through the outlet 14. In operation, the blade 16 may be located at the guide position 16 a.
The air conditioner 1 may blow the heat-exchanged air to the outside of the case 10 through the outlet 14, thereby rapidly adjusting the indoor temperature as compared with the case of blowing the heat-exchanged air through the plurality of holes 44.
Now, an operation in which the air blown by the blower 32 is discharged to the outside of the casing 10 through the plurality of holes 44 of the discharge plate 40 will be described.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, the shutter 50 may be in a first position 50 a. To close the first path P1. In this case, the air blown by the blower 32 may not flow toward the outlet 14 because the shutter 50 blocks the first path P1 from moving along the second path P2. Accordingly, the air blown by the blower 32 may flow through the heat exchanger 20, flow along the second path P2, and then be discharged into the plurality of holes 44. In this operation, the vane 16 may be in the closed position 16 b.
The air conditioner 1 may blow the heat-exchanged air to the outside of the case 10 through the plurality of holes 44 of the discharge plate 40 to reduce the flow rate of the blown air. Therefore, the user can be prevented from directly contacting the blown air, thereby satisfying the user.
Hereinafter, an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure will be described. Hereinafter, description about the same configuration as the above-described configuration will be omitted.
Fig. 5 and 6 are perspective views of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure, and fig. 7 and 8 are diagrams for describing an operation of the air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
The air conditioner 100 may include a discharge plate 140.
The drain plate 140 may be movable to cover the outlet 14 of the housing 10. That is, the discharge plate 140 may open and close the outlet 14. To this end, the discharge plate 140 may have a size corresponding to the width of the outlet 14.
The drain plate 140 may include a plate body 142 and a plurality of apertures 144 formed in the plate body 142. The air blown by the blower 32 may be discharged to the outside of the case 10 through the outlet 14 or a plurality of holes 144 formed in the discharge plate 140.
Discharge plate 140 may be movable between a first position 140a where discharge plate 140 is spaced from outlet 14 and a second position 140b where discharge plate 140 covers outlet 14. The method of moving the drain board 140 between the first position 140a and the second position 140b is not limited. For example, the drain board 140 may slide between a first position 140a and a second position 140 b.
Hereinafter, the operation of the air conditioner according to the above-described configuration will be described.
First, an operation in which air blown by the blower 32 is discharged to the outside of the casing 10 through the outlet 14 will be described.
Referring to fig. 5 and 7, air blown by the blower 32 may be introduced to the outlet 14 through the heat exchanger 20. At this time, if the discharge plate 140 is in the first position 140a, the air blown by the blower 32 may be discharged to the outside of the case 10 through the outlet 14 without interference of the discharge plate 140.
Next, an operation in which the air blown by the blower 32 is discharged to the outside of the casing 10 through the plurality of holes 144 of the discharge plate 140 will be described.
Referring to fig. 6 and 8, the air blown by the blower 32 may be introduced to the outlet 14 through the heat exchanger 20 similarly to the above case. At this time, if the discharge plate 140 is in the second position 140b, the air blown by the blower 32 may be discharged to the outside of the case 10 through the plurality of holes 144 of the discharge plate 140 covering the outlet 14. If the blown air is discharged to the outside of the case 10 through the plurality of holes 144, the user can be prevented from directly contacting the heat-exchanged air, so that the user can feel satisfied.
Hereinafter, an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure will be described. Hereinafter, description about the same configuration as the above-described configuration will be omitted.
Fig. 9 is a perspective view of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure. Fig. 10A and 10B are diagrams for describing an operation of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
The air conditioner 200 may include a discharge plate 240.
The drain board 240 may form at least part of the housing 10. More specifically, the drain board 240 may be formed around the outlet 14.
Since the exhaust plate 240 forms a portion of the case 10, an inner surface of the exhaust plate 240 may face an inner space of the case 10, and an outer surface of the exhaust plate 240 may face an outside of the case 10.
Drain plate 240 may include a first plate 242 and a second plate 244.
The first and second plates 242 and 244 may include a plurality of holes 242a and 244a, respectively, and may be in surface contact with each other. More specifically, the first plate 242 may face an outer surface of the case 10, and the second plate 244 may be disposed on a rear surface of the first plate 242 to face an inner space of the case 10.
The first plate 242 may include a first plate body 242b and a plurality of first holes 242a formed in the first plate body 242 b. The second plate 244 may include a second plate body 244b and a plurality of second holes 244a formed in the second plate body 244 b.
The racking board 240 may operate in a closed mode 240a and an open mode 240 b. In the open mode 240a, the first and second apertures 242a and 244a may be alternately arranged. That is, the first hole 242a may be blocked by the second plate body 244b, and the second hole 244a may be blocked by the first plate body 242 b.
In the open mode 240b, the second plate 244 is movable in parallel relative to the first plate 242 to align the first aperture 242a with the second aperture 244 a. That is, in the open mode 240b, the first hole 242a may be aligned with the second hole 244a to discharge the blown air from the inner space of the case 10 to the outside of the case 10. In the current embodiment, the second plate 244 is movable with respect to the first plate 242, but is not limited thereto. However, for example, the first plate 242 may move relative to the second plate 244, or the first plate 242 and the second plate 244 may move in opposite directions.
Hereinafter, the operation of the air conditioner according to the above-described configuration will be described.
First, an operation in which air blown by the blower 32 is discharged to the outside of the casing 10 through the outlet 14 will be described.
Referring to fig. 10A, the drain board 240 may enter a closed mode 240A. That is, the plurality of holes of either one of the first plate 242 and the second plate 244 may be blocked by the other one of the first plate 242 and the second plate 244. That is, the air blown by the blower 32 may flow through the heat exchanger 20 and then be discharged to the outside of the case 10 through the outlet 14.
Next, an operation in which the air blown by the blower 32 is discharged to the outside of the casing 10 through the plurality of holes 44 of the discharge plate 40 will be described.
Referring to fig. 10B, the drain board 240 may enter an open mode 240B. That is, the plurality of holes 242a of the first plate 242 may be aligned with the plurality of holes 244a of the second plate 244. That is, when the discharge plate 240 operates in the open mode 240b, the air blown by the blower 32 may be discharged to the outside of the case 10 through the plurality of holes 242a, 244a of the discharge plate 240. At this time, the outlet 14 may be closed by the vane 16 or the shutter 50 in the closed position 16 b.
The outlet 14 and the drain plate 240 are selectively openable. That is, if the outlet 14 is open, the drain plate 240 may operate in the closed mode 240a, and if the outlet 14 is closed, the drain plate 240 may operate in the open mode 240 b.
Hereinafter, an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure will be described. Hereinafter, description of the same configuration as the above-described configuration will be omitted.
Fig. 11A and 11B are diagrams for describing an operation of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
The racking plate 240 may operate in a closed mode 241a or an open mode 241 b. In the off mode 241a, the first plate 242 may closely contact the second plate 244. At this time, the first and second holes 242a and 244a may be alternately arranged. That is, the first hole 242a may be blocked by the second plate body 244b of the second plate 244, and the second hole 244a may be blocked by the first plate body 242b of the first plate 242.
In the open mode 241b, the second plate 244 is movable in the front-to-rear direction with respect to the first plate 242 to separate the first plate 242 from the second plate 244. That is, the air blown from the inner space of the case 10 may sequentially flow through the second holes 244a of the second plate 244, the space formed between the first plate 242 and the second plate 244, and the first holes 242a of the first plate 242, and then be discharged to the outside of the case 10. In the current embodiment, the second plate 244 is movable with respect to the first plate 242, but is not limited thereto. However, for example, the first plate 242 may move relative to the second plate 244, or the first plate 242 and the second plate 244 may move in opposite directions.
Hereinafter, an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure will be described. Hereinafter, description about the same configuration as the above-described configuration will be omitted.
Fig. 12 and 13 are sectional views of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
The air conditioner 300 may include a discharge plate 40.
The drain plate 40 may be part of the housing 10 and may be formed adjacent to the outlet 14 along an edge of the outlet 14.
The air conditioner 300 may include an auxiliary plate 360 having a plurality of holes 362.
An auxiliary plate 360 may be formed behind the racking plate 40. An auxiliary plate 360 may be formed along the edge of outlet 14 behind racking plate 40 in a manner adjacent to outlet 14 and corresponding to racking plate 40. The auxiliary plate 360 may be located upstream of the discharge plate 40 with respect to the airflow path from the blower 32 toward the discharge plate 40. With this configuration, if the outlet 14 is closed, the air blown by the blower 32 may sequentially flow through the plurality of holes 362 of the auxiliary plate 360 and the plurality of holes 44 of the discharge plate 40 and then be discharged to the outside of the case 10.
Since the blown air sequentially flows through the plurality of holes 362 of the auxiliary plate 360 and the plurality of holes 44 of the discharge plate 40, the blown air can be uniformly discharged with respect to the entire surface of the discharge plate 40. Further, since the auxiliary plate 360 is disposed upstream of the discharge plate 40, dew condensation on the discharge plate 40 can be minimized.
Hereinafter, an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure will be described. Hereinafter, description about the same configuration as the above-described configuration will be omitted.
Fig. 14 and 15 are diagrams for describing an operation of a blade included in an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
The housing 10 may include vanes 16 to direct air flowing through the outlet 14. Vanes 16 may be positioned in the outlet 14 to control the direction of air flowing through the outlet 14 or to block the outlet 14. In detail, the blade 16 is rotatable between its guide position 16a parallel to the blowing direction of the blown air and its close position 16b perpendicular to the blowing direction of the blown air.
The blades 16 may include a plurality of first blades 17 and at least one second blade 18.
The plurality of first vanes 17 are movable between a guide position 17a where the first vanes 17 guide the discharged air and a closed position 17b where the first vanes 17 block the outlet 14. When the first blade 17 is at the guide position 17a, the first blade 17 may be located at a position parallel to the blowing direction of the blown air, and when the first blade 17 is at the closed position 17b, the first blade 17 may block the blown air.
At least one second vane 18 may control the position of the first vane 17. That is, the at least one second vane 18 may move the first vane 17 between the guide position 17a and the closed position 17 b. When the first vane 17 is in the closed position 17b, the at least one second vane 18 may block the outlet 14 together with the first vane 17 to block the blown air.
Since the outlet 14 is closed in a double structure by the above-described first and second blades 17 and 18, the blown air can be effectively discharged through the discharge plate 40.
Hereinafter, an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure will be described. Hereinafter, description about the same configuration as the above-described configuration will be omitted.
Fig. 16 and 17 are diagrams for describing an operation of the shutter according to another embodiment of the present disclosure. Fig. 18 illustrates the shape of a shutter according to another embodiment of the present disclosure. Fig. 19 illustrates the shape of a shutter according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
The air conditioner 400 may include a shutter 450. The shutter 450 may be movable inside the housing 10. The air path inside the case 10 may include a first path P1 through which air blown by the blower 32 flows to the outlet 14, and a second path P2 through which air blown by the blower 32 flows to the discharge plate 40 through the second path P2. The shutter 450 may close the second path P2.
Shutter 450 may be movable between a first position 450a and a second position 450 b. When the shutter 450 is in the first position 450a, the second path P2 may be open, as shown in fig. 17. When the shutter 450 is in the second position 450b, the second path P2 may be closed, as shown in fig. 16. The shutter 450 may be rotatable inside the housing 10 to selectively close the second path P2. More specifically, when the outlet 14 is open, the shutter 450 may close the second path P2. However, the shape and operation of the shutter 450 are not limited. For example, as shown in fig. 18, the shutter 451 may be in the shape of a panel and may slide between a first position and a second position. Further, as shown in fig. 19, shutter 452 may include a plurality of shutter members that rotate between a first position and a second position within the interior of housing 10.
If the outlet 14 is closed by the vane 16 or the shutter 450, the shutter 450 may open the second path P2 at the first position 450 a. The shutter 450 may also close the second path P2 at the second position 450b when the outlet 14 is open.
Hereinafter, an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure will be described. Hereinafter, description about the same configuration as the above-described configuration will be omitted.
Fig. 20 is a perspective view of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure. Fig. 21 and 22 are diagrams for describing an operation of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
The air conditioner 500 may include a shutter 550. The shutter 550 may be movable inside the housing 10. The air path formed inside the case 10 may include a first path P1 through which air blown by the blower 32 flows to the outlet 14, and a second path P2 through which air blown by the blower 32 flows to the discharge plate 40. Shutter 550 may close first path P1.
The shutter 550 may be movable between a first position 550a where it opens the first path P1 and a second position 550b where it closes the first path P1. The shutter 550 may correspond to a width of the inner space of the case 10 to close the first path P1. The shutter 550 may be rotatable inside the housing 10.
Hereinafter, the operation of the air conditioner according to the above-described configuration will be described.
First, an operation in which air blown by the blower 32 is discharged to the outside of the casing 10 through the outlet 14 will be described.
Referring to fig. 21, the shutter 550 may be in a first position 550a to open the first path P1. The air blown by the blower 32 may move along the first path P1 and then be discharged to the outside of the case 10 through the outlet 14.
Next, an operation in which the air blown by the blower 32 is discharged to the outside of the casing 10 through the plurality of holes 44 of the discharge plate 40 will be described.
Referring to fig. 22, the shutter 550 may be located at the second position 550b to close the first path P1. The air blown by the blower 32 may not be discharged to the outlet 14 due to the louver 550 blocking the first path P1, and may be moved along the second path P2 to be discharged to the outside of the casing 10 through the plurality of holes 44 of the discharge plate 40.
Hereinafter, an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure will be described. Hereinafter, description about the same configuration as that described above will be omitted.
Fig. 23 is a sectional view of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
Air conditioner 600 may include a drain 622. A drain plate 622 may be provided at the bottom of the heat exchanger 20 to collect water condensed by the heat exchanger 20.
The drain plate 622 may protrude to the outside of the case 10. More specifically, the drain plate 622 may protrude from the front surface of the case 10 such that at least a portion of the water storage space of the drain plate 622 is located below the front surface of the drain plate 40.
In such a configuration, since water condensed on the drain plate 40 is stored in the drain plate 622, it is possible to prevent the plurality of holes 44 of the drain plate 40 from being clogged and to prevent the drain plate 40 from becoming dirty.
Hereinafter, an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure will be described. Hereinafter, description about the same configuration as the above-described configuration will be omitted.
Fig. 24 is a perspective view of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
The air conditioner 700 may include a light emitting unit 770.
The light emitting unit 770 may be disposed along at least a partial circumference of the housing 10. More specifically, the light emitting unit 770 may be disposed along an edge of the drain board 40 forming at least a portion of the housing 10. The light emitting unit 770 may emit light and generate heat according to the emission of the light. The heat generated from the light emitting unit 770 may evaporate water condensed on the drain board 40.
Hereinafter, an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure will be described. Hereinafter, description about the same configuration as the above-described configuration will be omitted.
Fig. 25 is a perspective view of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure. Fig. 26 and 27 are diagrams for describing an operation of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
The inlet of the air conditioner 800 may include a first inlet 813 and a second inlet 812.
The first inlet 813 may be formed in at least one of a rear surface and a side surface of the case 10 to suck external air into the inside of the case 10. Similar to the outlet 14, the second inlet 812 may be in the front surface of the housing 10. More specifically, the second inlet 812 may be located in a front lower portion of the housing 10.
The air conditioner 800 may include an inlet door 818 to open or close the second inlet 812. The inlet door 818 may open or close the second inlet 812 to selectively open the second inlet 812. When the heat-exchanged air is discharged from the discharge plate 40, the discharged air may be introduced to the lower portion of the case 10 because the flow rate of the discharged air is low. In this case, the discharged air may be sucked into the second inlet 812 again, and thus, when the heat-exchanged air is discharged through the discharge plate 40, the second inlet 812 may be closed by the inlet door 818.
Hereinafter, the operation of the air conditioner according to the above-described configuration will be described.
First, an operation in which air blown by the blower 32 is discharged to the outside of the casing 10 through the outlet 14 will be described.
Referring to fig. 26, external air may be drawn into the case 10 through the first and second inlets 813 and 812. At this time, it is not necessary to open both the first inlet 813 and the second inlet 812, and only one of the first inlet 813 and the second inlet 812 may be opened. In the current embodiment, since the second inlet 812 includes the inlet door 818, the second inlet 812 may be opened or closed according to an environmental condition. The air entered through the first and second inlets 813 and 812 may flow through the heat exchanger 20 by the blower 32 and then be discharged to the outside of the case 10 through the opened outlet 14.
Next, an operation in which the air blown by the blower 32 is discharged to the outside of the casing 10 through the plurality of holes 44 of the discharge plate 40 will be described.
Referring to fig. 27, the outlet 14 may be closed by the vane 16 or shutter 50 in the closed position 16 b.
The air introduced through the first inlet 813 may flow through the heat exchanger 20 by the blower 32 and then be discharged to the outside of the case 10 through the opened plurality of holes 44. At this time, the second inlet 812 may be closed by the inlet door 818 to prevent the air discharged through the plurality of holes 44 from being sucked into the inside of the case 10 again.
Hereinafter, an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure will be described. Hereinafter, description about the same configuration as the above-described configuration will be omitted.
Fig. 28 is a sectional view of an air conditioner according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
The air conditioner 900 may also include an auxiliary blower 980.
The auxiliary blower 980 may be located below the discharge plate 140. The auxiliary blower 980 may blow air discharged from the discharge plate 140 in a forward direction from the casing 10. That is, the auxiliary blower 980 may blow air toward the front of the case 10.
Thus, the air discharged from the discharge plate 40 can be prevented from being sucked into the inlet 812 again.
The air conditioner according to the present disclosure may discharge heat-exchanged air at different wind speeds.
Further, the air conditioner according to the present disclosure may change a method of blowing heat-exchanged air according to the environment of a user.
In addition, the air conditioner according to the present disclosure may control the heat exchanged air to be indirectly blown to the user, thereby improving the user's satisfaction.
The present disclosure has been described in detail with reference to exemplary embodiments. However, the exemplary embodiments should be considered in descriptive sense only and the invention is not limited thereto. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and improvements can be made within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (11)

1. An air conditioner, comprising:
a housing having an inlet, an outlet, and a discharge plate located below the outlet and having a plurality of apertures, the discharge plate being disposed adjacent to the outlet and facing in a direction in which the outlet faces;
a heat exchanger disposed inside the housing;
a blower configured to blow air heat-exchanged by the heat exchanger;
a vane configured to guide air discharged from the outlet or close the outlet; and
a shutter configured to slidably move to open and close at least one of a first path through which air blown by the blower flows to the outlet and a second path through which air blown by the blower flows to the discharge plate,
wherein when the shutter closes the first path, the vane rotates to close the outlet.
2. The air conditioner of claim 1, wherein the shutter slides between a first position where the shutter closes the first path and a second position where the shutter closes the second path.
3. The air conditioner according to claim 2, wherein the second position is on a rear surface of the discharge plate.
4. The air conditioner as claimed in claim 1, wherein the shutter slides inside the housing and closes the second path when the outlet is opened.
5. The air conditioner as set forth in claim 1,
wherein the blade includes:
a plurality of first vanes configured to move between a guide position for guiding air discharged from the outlet and a closed position for closing the outlet;
at least one second vane configured to move the plurality of first vanes between the guide position and the closed position and to close the outlet together with the plurality of first vanes in the closed position.
6. The air conditioner according to claim 1, further comprising a drain plate formed below the drain plate and the heat exchanger.
7. The air conditioner according to claim 6, wherein the drain plate protrudes from a front surface of the case.
8. The air conditioner of claim 1, further comprising a light emitting unit formed along at least a portion of the housing and configured to emit light.
9. The air conditioner of claim 1, wherein the inlet further comprises:
a first inlet formed in at least one of a rear surface and a side surface of the housing; and
a second inlet formed in a front surface of the housing together with the outlet and configured to be closed when air blown by the blower is discharged through the discharge plate.
10. The air conditioner of claim 9, further comprising an inlet door configured to open and close the second inlet.
11. The air conditioner according to claim 9, further comprising an auxiliary blower disposed above the second inlet, and the auxiliary blower is configured to blow air discharged from the discharge plate toward a front of the casing.
CN201710854369.2A 2016-09-22 2017-09-20 Air conditioner Active CN107869782B (en)

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