CN107857367A - A kind of method of composite interstitial substance culture water caltrop - Google Patents

A kind of method of composite interstitial substance culture water caltrop Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107857367A
CN107857367A CN201711133381.0A CN201711133381A CN107857367A CN 107857367 A CN107857367 A CN 107857367A CN 201711133381 A CN201711133381 A CN 201711133381A CN 107857367 A CN107857367 A CN 107857367A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
culture
plant
caltrop
water caltrop
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CN201711133381.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李印霞
刘碧波
刘帅霞
武秀琴
曲艳伟
范玲
曹志林
崔树军
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Henan Institute of Engineering
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Henan Institute of Engineering
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Priority to CN201711133381.0A priority Critical patent/CN107857367A/en
Publication of CN107857367A publication Critical patent/CN107857367A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • C02F3/327Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae characterised by animals and plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/34Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the microorganisms used
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/007Contaminated open waterways, rivers, lakes or ponds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/06Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment pH
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/08Chemical Oxygen Demand [COD]; Biological Oxygen Demand [BOD]
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/14NH3-N
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/16Total nitrogen (tkN-N)
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/18PO4-P
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/22O2
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2305/00Use of specific compounds during water treatment
    • C02F2305/06Nutrients for stimulating the growth of microorganisms

Abstract

The present invention relates to the method for composite interstitial substance culture water caltrop, can effectively solve the problems, such as the culture of water caltrop and purification of increasing water quality, method are, gathered from man-made lake containing root, stem, leaf, tender shoots water caltrop, as the water caltrop plant being cultured;The silt and plankton for washing the dirt on water caltrop plant with running water and being attached on plant, culture is tamed in distilled water;Culture apparatus is prepared, first arranges supporting layer, then orchid is planted into king and is evenly arranged in above supporting layer, then rainbow stone is evenly arranged in blue plant king upper strata;Water caltrop plant is planted and plants king and rainbow stone intersection in orchid, makes its cauline leaf keep unfolding, adds artificial lake water, after carrying out domestication culture, migrate in river, river, Lake Water and grow, for purifying water.The inventive method novel and unique, the domestication culture of water caltrop is can be effectively used for, improve the ability of water caltrop purified water, it is huge beneficial to the water quality and ecological environment in protection river, economic and social benefit.

Description

A kind of method of composite interstitial substance culture water caltrop
Technical field
The present invention relates to plant culture, particularly a kind of method of composite interstitial substance culture water caltrop.
Background technology
Water caltrop, it is called:Shrimp algae, shrimp grass, wheat yellow grass.Potamogetonaceae, Potamogeton.Monocotyledon.Latin literary fame: Potamogeton crispus.Perennial heavy water herbaceous plant.Be born in pond, lake, streams, still-water pond or irrigation canals and ditches compared with More, stem is oblate, has branch.Leaf lanceolar, tip blunt circle, leaf margin is wavy and has sawtooth.Have stipule, no petiole.Inflorescence fringe Shape.Autumn germinates, and Winter-Spring growth, yields positive results for 4~May, gradually decline is rotted after June summer, while forms squama branch(Hibernaculum) To spend uncomfortable environment.Hibernaculum is hard, and edge has tooth, shaped like pine nut, is starting germination and growth when water temperature is suitable.Leaf bar Shape, stockless.The flowering fruit bearing stage 4-7 months.The good green material application in the feed or green manure of fish, and lake, pond, small water scenery can be done, Green manure can be made and can be purified water.
Water caltrop is a kind of perennial submerged plant of the Potamogetonaceae being widely distributed in the whole world, is germinateed in autumn, winter-spring season Section growth, spring start to breed, and form vegetative propagation organ clint, and gradually decline is rotted afterwards.The germination of water caltrop and growth by The influence of the various environmental factors such as temperature, illumination, the condition of nutrient salt of bed mud and dissolved oxygen condition.Water caltrop to polluted-water have compared with High purification efficiency, particularly played an important role in the winter time in purifying water body.The growth of water caltrop can also reduce Water phosphorus Content and COD etc., and water transparency and dissolved oxygen content are improved, play an important roll to ecosystem rehancement.Through to the marshland full of water weeds The research of grass finds, water caltrop mainly obtains substantial amounts of nutritive salt by root system, thus the biomass of water caltrop, plant spacing and Nutrient concentration etc. all depends on matrix type in tissue.But for growth of the water caltrop under which kind of matrix most beneficial for It is very few that the research of the reductions such as Water phosphorus content discloses report.
And in recent years, river, the eutrophication of lake water cause the dirt of the extensive concern of various circles of society, particularly water quality Dye, how to be one of technical barrier that those skilled in the art's emphasis solves using water caltrop clean-up effect of increasing water quality, and want Increase water quality clean-up effect, it is necessary to the water caltrop that growing way is good, the effect that purifies water is good is turned out, and the key of water caltrop culture is Culture matrix, how the growth of culture matrix and water caltrop to be combined together, so far there are no is publicly reported.
The content of the invention
For the above situation, to overcome the defect of prior art, the purpose of the present invention is just to provide a kind of composite interstitial substance training The method for supporting water caltrop, can effectively solve the problems, such as the culture of water caltrop and purification of increasing water quality.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves is to comprise the following steps:
(1), water caltrop plant collection:
From man-made lake collection containing root, stem, leaf, tender shoots water caltrop, as the water caltrop plant being cultured;
(2), water caltrop plant processing:
The silt and plankton for washing the dirt on water caltrop plant with running water and being attached on plant, in distilled water Domestication culture;
(3), water caltrop matrix culture, method is:
Culture apparatus is prepared, first arranges supporting layer, then orchid is planted into king and is evenly arranged in above supporting layer, then by the uniform cloth of rainbow stone It is placed in blue plant king upper strata;Water caltrop plant is planted and plants king and rainbow stone intersection in orchid, makes its cauline leaf keep unfolding, is added artificial Lake water, after carrying out domestication culture, migrate in river, river, Lake Water and grow, for purifying water.
The inventive method novel and unique, the domestication culture of water caltrop is can be effectively used for, improve the ability of water caltrop purified water, be beneficial to The water quality and ecological environment in protection river, economic and social benefit are huge.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with concrete condition, the embodiment of the present invention is elaborated.
The present invention comprises the following steps in specific implementation:
(1), water caltrop plant collection:
From man-made lake with root band grow soil together with gather out water caltrop, water caltrop is complete containing root, stem, leaf, tender shoots, as quilt The water caltrop plant of culture;
(2), water caltrop plant processing:
The silt and plankton for washing the dirt on water caltrop plant with running water and being attached on plant, select fresh kingfisher Water caltrop green, growing way is good, continue cleaning 2-3 times with running water, be placed in distilled water, in 20 ± 1 DEG C, light intensity 3000lx of temperature, Humidity 35%, domestication culture 1-2 days under Light To Dark Ratio 12h ︰ 12h;By taming culture in distilled water, water caltrop is set to be in of short duration famine The state of starving, so as to which it touches the nutrients that can expeditiously absorb after eutrophication water in eutrophication water Matter, can more effectively, more quickly purifying eutrophication water body;
(3), water caltrop matrix culture, method is:
1. prepare culture apparatus:Transparent glass material is selected, is fabricated to cylinder, base diameter 40cm, high 1.2m;
2. arrange supporting layer:The cobblestone for being first 4-6cm by the particle diameter for being machined shaping(After quartz mine is broken through ball milling, Washing, smooth in appearance form in spherical, screening)Cleaned with suds, then cleaned with clear water, be uniformly paved on culture apparatus bottom Portion, as lower supporting layer, after the completion of lower supporting layer is mated formation, repave and load onto supporting layer, in order to avoid cause cobblestone to move;Held on mating formation It is that 1-3cm cobblestones are uniformly laid above lower supporting layer by particle diameter when holding in the palm layer, every layer of cobblestone thickness Ying Zhun as support material Really, uniformly, flat surface is scraped, the thickness of every layer of cobblestone is 10cm;
The specific heat capacity of cobblestone is big, fast to climate change adaptability, and cobblestone filtrate is applied to sewage, industrial water and drinking water Bed course or supporting layer, absorption organic pollution, trapped particles material, and its surface formed biomembrane, improve to COD in water And NH4- N removal effect;
Arrange filtrate:Particle diameter 6-8mm door screen is planted into king(Main Ingredients and Appearance:Lan Shi, fertile soil, letterwood bits, containing organic matter, containing a small amount of Organic matter, mineral matter element, trace element, acid-base property is moderate, is commercially available prod)It is evenly arranged in above supporting layer, it is thick Spend for 5cm, then by rainbow stone(Main Ingredients and Appearance:Float stone, zeolite, lava stone, fertilizer, rich in organic matter, mineral matter, PH is micro- Acidity, EC values are low, are existing commercially available prod)It is evenly arranged in above blue plant king, its thickness is 10cm;
3. by the 25 ± 0.4cm of length tamed in distilled water, 1.76 ± 0.2mg/g of chlorophyll, 0.16 ± 0.02mg/g of soluble sugar Water caltrop plant plant and plant king and rainbow stone intersection in orchid, rainbow stone upper surface is exposed on top, makes its cauline leaf keep unfolding;
4. plus nutrient solution, using the water in man-made lake, remove dirt and silt, adding to plant has in the culture apparatus of water caltrop, makes water As deep as to 1m;
5. domestication culture:
In 20 ± 1 DEG C, light intensity 3000lx of temperature, humidity 35%, Light To Dark Ratio 12h ︰ 12h, domestication culture 2 days, you can migrate to river, Grown in river, Lake Water, for purifying water.
Described man-made lake water quality index is TN>0.1mg/L, TP>0.008mg/L, BOD5>10mg/L, pH7.5-10.5, DO>8mg/L。
The inventive method is simple, easy to operate, and cost is low, water caltrop culture effect is good, effective for river, river, lake water quality Purification, and through trying out and testing on the spot, effect is very good, plants king, rainbow stone composite interstitial substance culture water caltrop using orchid of the invention, with Not plus the culture of any other matrix compares, and water caltrop upgrowth situation of the present invention is fine, hence it is evident that better than the conventional marshland full of water weeds grown naturally Grass, and purification of water quality ability is significantly improved, after being cultivated 10 days using the water caltrop of the inventive method culture, water caltrop length Average value is 37 ± 0.3cm, chlorophyll content 1.88mg/g, soluble sugar content 0.36mg/g.In addition, COD (COD)Content was rapidly decreased to 38.43mg/L at the 5th day;Dissolved oxygen(DO)Content can be maintained at 14.0mg/L or so for a long time, Total phosphorus(TP)0.05mg/L, total nitrogen are rapidly decreased to during containing flow control 5 days(TN)0.93mg/L, ammonia nitrogen are rapidly decreased to during containing flow control 7 days (NH4 +-N)0.05mg/L0.72mg/L is rapidly decreased to during content 5 days.Microscopy result shows, thick life has been formd in matrix Thing film, the catharsis of water quality is effectively played, be the big innovation in water caltrop culture, be advantageous to protect river, river, the water in lake Matter and ecological environment, economic and social benefit are huge.

Claims (2)

  1. A kind of 1. method of composite interstitial substance culture water caltrop, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
    (1), water caltrop plant collection:
    From man-made lake with root band grow soil together with gather out water caltrop, water caltrop is complete containing root, stem, leaf, tender shoots, as quilt The water caltrop plant of culture;
    (2), water caltrop plant processing:
    The silt and plankton for washing the dirt on water caltrop plant with running water and being attached on plant, select fresh kingfisher Water caltrop green, growing way is good, continue cleaning 2-3 times with running water, be placed in distilled water, in 20 ± 1 DEG C, light intensity 3000lx of temperature, Humidity 35%, domestication culture 1-2 days under Light To Dark Ratio 12h ︰ 12h;By taming culture in distilled water, water caltrop is set to be in of short duration famine The state of starving, so as to which it touches the nutrients that can expeditiously absorb after eutrophication water in eutrophication water Matter, can more effectively, more quickly purifying eutrophication water body;
    (3), water caltrop matrix culture, method is:
    1. prepare culture apparatus:Transparent glass material is selected, is fabricated to cylinder, base diameter 40cm, high 1.2m;
    2. arrange supporting layer:First the cobblestone that the particle diameter for being machined shaping is 4-6cm is cleaned with suds, then uses clear water Clean, be uniformly paved on culture apparatus bottom, as lower supporting layer, after the completion of lower supporting layer is mated formation, repave and load onto supporting layer, with Exempt to cause cobblestone to move;Mat formation upper supporting layer when, be 1-3cm cobblestones uniformly above the lower supporting layer of laying by particle diameter, every layer Cobblestone thickness as support material should be accurate, uniform, scrapes flat surface, the thickness of every layer of cobblestone is 10cm;
    The specific heat capacity of cobblestone is big, fast to climate change adaptability, and cobblestone filtrate is applied to sewage, industrial water and drinking water Bed course or supporting layer, absorption organic pollution, trapped particles material, and its surface formed biomembrane, improve to COD in water And NH4- N removal effect;
    Arrange filtrate:Particle diameter 6-8mm door screen to be planted into king to be evenly arranged in above upper supporting layer, its thickness is 5cm, then by rainbow Stone is evenly arranged in above blue plant king, and its thickness is 10cm;
    3. by the 25 ± 0.4cm of length tamed in distilled water, 1.76 ± 0.2mg/g of chlorophyll, 0.16 ± 0.02mg/g of soluble sugar Water caltrop plant plant and plant king and rainbow stone intersection in orchid, rainbow stone upper surface is exposed on top, makes its cauline leaf keep unfolding;
    4. plus nutrient solution, using the water in man-made lake, remove dirt and silt, adding to plant has in the culture apparatus of water caltrop, makes water As deep as to 1m;
    5. domestication culture:
    In 20 ± 1 DEG C, light intensity 3000lx of temperature, humidity 35%, Light To Dark Ratio 12h ︰ 12h, domestication culture 2 days, you can migrate to river, Grown in river, Lake Water, for purifying water.
  2. 2. the method for composite interstitial substance culture water caltrop according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described artificial Lake Water refers to It is designated as TN>0.1mg/L, TP>0.008mg/L, BOD5>10mg/L, pH7.5-10.5, DO>8mg/L.
CN201711133381.0A 2017-11-16 2017-11-16 A kind of method of composite interstitial substance culture water caltrop Pending CN107857367A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102115261A (en) * 2010-12-31 2011-07-06 中国林业科学研究院林业新技术研究所 Purifying functional wetland plant screening pool
CN102557270A (en) * 2012-03-02 2012-07-11 江苏美尚生态景观股份有限公司 Effective method for removing phenol from water by using potamogeton crispus
CN104030453A (en) * 2014-06-25 2014-09-10 江苏东珠景观股份有限公司 Method for repairing eutrophic water body by using vallisneria spinulosa
CN205528006U (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-08-31 盛世园林集团股份有限公司 Nitrogen and phosphorus removal's courtyard formula constructed wetland device
CN107278871A (en) * 2017-02-27 2017-10-24 江西省水利科学研究院 A kind of remote method for transplanting water plant live body

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102115261A (en) * 2010-12-31 2011-07-06 中国林业科学研究院林业新技术研究所 Purifying functional wetland plant screening pool
CN102557270A (en) * 2012-03-02 2012-07-11 江苏美尚生态景观股份有限公司 Effective method for removing phenol from water by using potamogeton crispus
CN104030453A (en) * 2014-06-25 2014-09-10 江苏东珠景观股份有限公司 Method for repairing eutrophic water body by using vallisneria spinulosa
CN205528006U (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-08-31 盛世园林集团股份有限公司 Nitrogen and phosphorus removal's courtyard formula constructed wetland device
CN107278871A (en) * 2017-02-27 2017-10-24 江西省水利科学研究院 A kind of remote method for transplanting water plant live body

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
陈煜初等: "《水生植物园林应用指南》", 31 May 2016, 华中科技大学出版社 *

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