CN107853062A - It is a kind of to comprehensively utilize flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating nutrient solution and greenhouse to plant the method for grape - Google Patents

It is a kind of to comprehensively utilize flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating nutrient solution and greenhouse to plant the method for grape Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107853062A
CN107853062A CN201711288428.0A CN201711288428A CN107853062A CN 107853062 A CN107853062 A CN 107853062A CN 201711288428 A CN201711288428 A CN 201711288428A CN 107853062 A CN107853062 A CN 107853062A
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China
Prior art keywords
grape
greenhouse
pond
plant
nutrient solution
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CN201711288428.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107853062B (en
Inventor
周建云
唐泽兵
廖勇
刁朝强
龙丽琴
谭建
黄宁
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Guiyang Office of Guizhou Tobacco Corp
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Guiyang Office of Guizhou Tobacco Corp
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/02Cultivation of hops or vines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of comprehensive utilization flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating nutrient solution and greenhouse to plant the method for grape, including:3 undergrounds hole pond is equidistantly built in each nursery pond bottom, surrounding and bottom are smeared with cement mortar, it is ensured that it is water-tight, drainpipe is left away from bottom of pond portion 1m eminences, is connected with the cesspool outside greenhouse;Pond is cheated with soil and waste and old seedling medium backfill underground, until being flushed with seedling bed;After tobacco seedlings nursery terminates, discarded nursery nutrient solution is collected into the pond of underground hole, and cuttage grape branch in pond is cheated in underground, guardrail is built centered on every plant of grape, grapevine is drawn after surviving and grown on the sunshade net to greenhouse, avoids influence of the grape growth to flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating;Routinely grape cultivating and managing;The present invention is cultivated grape, turned waste into wealth using nutritive liquid for floating breeding, and avoids directly discharge from causing the water pollution drawback of eutrophication to the water body on periphery, is both avoided the wasting of resources, has been evaded surrounding body problem of environmental pollution again.

Description

It is a kind of to comprehensively utilize flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating nutrient solution and greenhouse to plant the method for grape
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of comprehensive utilization flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating nutrient solution and greenhouse to plant the method for grape, and it is big to belong to nursery Canopy comprehensively utilizes and vinegrowing technical field.
Background technology
Floating seedling cultivation of fire-cured tobacco has fast, the reduction labor intensity of seedling etc. excellent as a kind of tobacco seedlings method of similar batch production More property, while the tobacco seedlings after cultivating have that regularity is good, well developed root system, and returned after transplanting the seedling time it is short the features such as.Flue-cured tobacco floats Floating seedling-raising technique after the eighties introduces China, is just widelyd popularize, and taken in flue-cured tobacco intensive seedling production technology from last century Obtained larger benefit.
Flue-cured tobacco mainly carries out floating seedlings in 1-4 months at present, but after floating seedlings, seedling growth greenhouse just leaves unused, Nutrient solution in nursery pond is directly discharged, and not only without any economic value of generation, and nutrient solution is directly discharged also to week The water body on side produces the pollution drawback of eutrophication, the wasting of resources both be present, the problems such as causing water body environment pollution again.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is:A kind of comprehensive utilization flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating nutrient solution and greenhouse are provided to plant Portugal The method of grape, to solve the existing wasting of resources after flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating of existing flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating nutrient solution, cause water body environment pollution The problems such as.
The technical scheme is that:It is a kind of to comprehensively utilize flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating nutrient solution and greenhouse to plant the method for grape, Comprise the following steps:
(1)Equidistantly build 3 undergrounds hole pond in each nursery pond bottom, the length and width in wherein underground hole pond are respectively 2m, deep 1.5m, four Week and bottom are smeared with cement mortar, it is ensured that and it is water-tight, drainpipe is left away from bottom of pond portion 1m eminences, with the cesspool phase outside greenhouse Even;
(2)Pond is cheated with soil and waste and old seedling medium mixing backfill underground, until being flushed with seedling bed;
(3)After tobacco seedlings nursery terminates, discarded nursery nutrient solution is collected into the pond of underground hole, and cuttage in pond is cheated in underground Grape branch;
(4)Centered on every plant of grape, a long 60cm, wide 40cm, high 15cm guardrail are built;
(5)Grapevine is drawn on existing sunshade net, avoiding grape growth to flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating in greenhouse in growth course Influence;
(6)Remaining routinely grape cultivating and managing.
Each greenhouse area is 32m*32m, inside there is 8 nursery ponds, the long 30m of each nursery pond, wide 3.5m, is adjacent to lower hole Spacing between pond is 10m, and it is 5m that pond is cheated away from nursery pond both sides short side in the underground on both sides.
The grape branch is diameter 3-5cm, grown, the branch that the length with axillary bud is 10cm.
Transplanting spirit and root-inducing powder are admixed before cuttage grape branch, it is ensured that grape branch survives.
It is described to press 4 with soil and waste and old matrix:1 mass ratio is mixed.
Annual 1-4 months carry out normal nursery in the region laying plastic for removing guardrail.
During the 6-9 months that grape is born fruit, as desired by existing energy folding and unfolding ceiling and side canopy film in greenhouse Wound membrane facility temperature of shed is adjusted, effective accumulated temperature and day and night temperature are provided for grape fruit, to improve containing for grape Sugar amount and integrated quality.
Soil fertility quality is pruned and added to annual November to grape, wherein the fertilizer added is 2kg oil cakes and 15kg Organic fertilizer, underground hole pond 20cm depth is uniformly applied, it is balanced for grape growth nutrition, and increase grape fruit sugar content and change It is kind jealous, and improve the fruit bearing rate of next year.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention using after floating seedling cultivation of fire-cured tobacco remaining nutrient solution plant grape, The plantation hole pond of standard is built in advance, the cuttage grape branch in pond is cheated in plantation, grape is cultivated using nutritive liquid for floating breeding, Nutrient solution is not wasted, to solve the problems such as idle conventional greenhouse and nutrient solution waste and polluted-water environment.Further, since using The mode in cultivation pit pond plants grape, after vendage and trimming withe bar, does not influence the flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating work of next year, Each seedling pond only reduces the position of 3 seed plates, and the standard greenhouse that can each educate 5000 disk tobacco seedlings only gives fewer birth 24 disk seedlings.In grape During the 6-9 months born fruit, by existing energy folding and unfolding ceiling and the wound membrane facility of side canopy film, temperature of shed is adjusted Section, provides effective accumulated temperature and day and night temperature, to improve the sugar content of grape and integrated quality for grape fruit.
In addition, grape is as perennial plant, after the grape of plantation survives, it is only necessary to which annual nursery in April will after terminating Discarded nutrient solution is introduced into the plantation hole pond filled and led up, September part harvesting ripe grape, trimming in November withe bar, without every Repeat in year to plant.Tested according to applicant, the completely the same nursery pond of 8 areas and shape in each standard seedling raising greenhouse amounts to Plant 24 plants of grapes, grape branch is grown up bear fruit after every year on average can vendage fruit 65kg or so, according to 8 yuan/kg of market price Calculate, a standard greenhouse can produce 12480 yuan of income, have preferable economic value.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the plan of nursery pond of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is A-A in Fig. 1 to sectional view;
In figure:1st, nursery pond, 2, underground hole pond, 3, drainpipe.
Embodiment
Invention is described further with reference to specific embodiment:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, in a standard greenhouse(Greenhouse area is 32m*32m, inside there is 8 nursery ponds 1, and nursery pond 1 is grown 30m, wide 3.5m)Length and width are built in interior each nursery pond 1 is respectively 2m, deep 1.5m, spacing distance are uniform(It is adjacent to Xia Keng ponds 2 Between spacing be 10m, it is 5m that pond 2 is cheated away from the both sides short side of nursery pond 1 in the underground on both sides)3 standards plantation hole pond, cheat pond Surrounding and bottom cement mortar, which are smeared, prevents leak, drainpipe 3 is left away from bottom of pond portion 1m eminences, with the cesspool phase outside greenhouse Even.The position and size in pond 2 are cheated in underground, mainly consider the remaining nutrient solution that can farthest utilize in nursery pond 1, And can ensures demand of the grape whole growth period to nutrition simultaneously.The design of drainpipe 3 can avoid soil moisture too greatly to grape The adverse effect of growth.
4 are pressed with soil and waste and old matrix:1 ratio is backfilled, until being flushed with seedling bed, can not so influence flue-cured tobacco Nursery, the ratio of soil and waste and old matrix is mainly to improve the fertility of soil in addition, and waste and old matrix is further recycled.
Annual 1-4 months are collected into underground after tobacco seedlings nursery terminates, by mulch film broken hole, and by discarded nursery nutrient solution Cheat pond 2 in, after April underground cheat pond 2 in cuttage branch be diameter 3-5cm, grow, the length with axillary bud is 10cm grape branch, appropriate transplanting spirit and root-inducing powder are admixed before cuttage, it is ensured that grape branch survives.In every plant of grape surrounding Build a long 60cm, wide 40cm, high 15cm guardrail(Size just takes the area of a drift disk), during preventing from educating tobacco seedlings Nutrient solution seepage and grape branch are soaked by nutrient solution.
After grape seedlingses grow up to, grapevine is drawn on existing sunshade net, avoiding Portugal in greenhouse in growth course Influence of the grape growth to flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating rings.During the 6-9 months that grape is born fruit, as desired by greenhouse interior energy folding and unfolding ceiling Temperature of shed is adjusted with the wound membrane facility of side canopy film, effective accumulated temperature and day and night temperature are provided for grape fruit, to carry The sugar content and integrated quality of high grape.Soil fertility quality is pruned and added to annual November to grape, wherein the fertilizer added Expect to cheat pond 20cm depth for 2kg oil cakes and 15kg organic fertilizers, the uniform underground that applies, for grape growth nutrition equilibrium, and increase Portugal Grape fruit sugar content and improvement are jealous, and improve the fruit bearing rate of next year.
To improve the fruit bearing rate of next year and improving quality and jealous.
Month next year 1-4 can carry out normal nursery in the region laying plastic for removing guardrail.
By planting grape, first, taking full advantage of seedling raising greenhouse existing utility and idle season, the comprehensive of greenhouse is improved Close utilization ratio;Second, having recycled discarded nutrient solution, having reached turns waste into wealth, reduces seedling growth greenhouse surrounding body eutrophication Pollution problem;Third, improve the income of tobacco grower Specialty Co-operative Organization.
To test and apply according to applicant, each seedling raising greenhouse can plant 24 plants of grapes, can harvest about 3600kg grapes every year, Produce preferable economic value.
Above content is to combine specific preferred embodiment further description made for the present invention, it is impossible to is assert The specific implementation of the present invention is confined to these explanations.For general technical staff of the technical field of the invention, On the premise of not departing from present inventive concept, some simple deduction or replace can also be made, should all be considered as belonging to the present invention's Protection domain.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of comprehensively utilize flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating nutrient solution and greenhouse to plant the method for grape, it is characterised in that:Including following step Suddenly:
(1)In each nursery pond(1)3 undergrounds hole pond is equidistantly built in bottom(2), pond is cheated in wherein underground(2)Length and width respectively for 2m, Deep 1.5m, surrounding and bottom are smeared with cement mortar, it is ensured that and it is water-tight, leave drainpipe away from bottom of pond portion 1m eminences(3), with greenhouse Outer cesspool is connected;
(2)With soil and waste and old seedling medium mixing backfill underground hole pond(2), until being flushed with seedling bed;
(3)After tobacco seedlings nursery terminates, discarded nursery nutrient solution is collected into underground hole pond(2)It is interior, and cheat pond in underground(2) Middle cuttage grape branch;
(4)Centered on every plant of grape, a long 60cm, wide 40cm, high 15cm guardrail are built;
(5)Grapevine is drawn on existing sunshade rack, avoiding grape growth from educating flue-cured tobacco in greenhouse in growth course The influence of seedling;
(6)Remaining routinely grape cultivating and managing.
2. according to claim 1 comprehensively utilize flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating nutrient solution and greenhouse to plant the method for grape, its feature It is:Each greenhouse area is 32m*32m, inside there is 8 nursery ponds(1), each nursery pond(1)Long 30m, wide 3.5m, are adjacent to Xia Keng ponds(2)Between spacing be 10m, the underground hole pond on both sides(2)Away from nursery pond(1)Both sides short side is 5m.
3. according to claim 1 comprehensively utilize flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating nutrient solution and greenhouse to plant the method for grape, its feature It is:The grape branch is diameter 3-5cm, grown, the branch that the length with axillary bud is 10cm.
4. according to claim 1 comprehensively utilize flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating nutrient solution and greenhouse to plant the method for grape, its feature It is:Transplanting spirit and root-inducing powder are admixed before cuttage grape branch, it is ensured that grape branch survives.
5. according to claim 1 comprehensively utilize flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating nutrient solution and greenhouse to plant the method for grape, its feature It is:It is described to press 4 with soil and waste and old matrix:1 mass ratio is mixed.
6. according to claim 1 comprehensively utilize flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating nutrient solution and greenhouse to plant the method for grape, its feature It is:Annual 1-4 months carry out normal nursery in the region laying plastic for removing guardrail.
7. according to claim 1 comprehensively utilize flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating nutrient solution and greenhouse to plant the method for grape, its feature It is:During the 6-9 months that grape is born fruit, as desired by existing energy folding and unfolding ceiling in greenhouse and the volume of side canopy film Temperature of shed is adjusted film facility, and effective accumulated temperature and day and night temperature are provided for grape fruit, to improve the sugar content of grape And integrated quality.
8. according to claim 1 comprehensively utilize flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating nutrient solution and greenhouse to plant the method for grape, its feature It is:Soil fertility quality is pruned and added to annual November to grape, with improve the fruit bearing rate of next year and improving quality and It is jealous.
9. according to claim 8 comprehensively utilize flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating nutrient solution and greenhouse to plant the method for grape, its feature It is:The fertilizer added is 2kg oil cakes and 15kg organic fertilizers, uniformly applies underground hole pond(2)20cm depth.
CN201711288428.0A 2017-12-07 2017-12-07 Method for planting grapes by comprehensively utilizing flue-cured tobacco seedling culture nutrient solution and greenhouse Active CN107853062B (en)

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CN109089636A (en) * 2018-07-16 2018-12-28 湖南农业大学 The method of comprehensive utilization planted and cultivated based on flue-cured tobacco seedling-cultivating greenhouse
CN109089636B (en) * 2018-07-16 2021-07-23 湖南农业大学 Comprehensive utilization method for planting and breeding based on flue-cured tobacco seedling raising greenhouse

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