Automatic laminating device
The present invention relates to silicon steel sheet production technical field, more particularly to a kind of automatic laminating device.
With the continuous improvement of electrifing degree, the demand of electric power is continuing to increase, and transformer is as in power Transmission
Important equipment, its demand are self-evident, and the demand of Transformer is especially prominent.Iron core inside transformer structure and
Performance directly influences the overall performance of transformer, therefore high to the manufacture craft of transformer core, required precision.Existing change
Depressor iron core is formed by stacking by the thick silicon steel sheets of 0.27-0.3mm, finally stacks into " day " word shape.An average middle-size and small-size change
Depressor is formed by stacking by the silicon steel sheet of more than 5000.
The disclosed lamination process to silicon steel sheet is to use manually to stack in the prior art, and such a mode stacks effect not
Good, it is necessary to which staff is floating using aid, workload is big, and labor intensity is high, and the quality of transformer core is also complete
The full technical merit for depending on worker, uniformity is poor, and yield rate is low.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of automatic laminating device, and operating efficiency is high, reduces worker's work
Intensity, high yield rate.
A kind of automatic laminating device of the present invention, including installation feed bin mechanism on the ground, closed assembly robot mechanism, charging
Mechanism and track, the closed assembly robot mechanism is corresponding with feed bin mechanism position, and the feed bin mechanism is located at the both sides of track, institute
Charge mechanism is stated to advance in orbit；
The feed bin mechanism includes base and multigroup material table on base side by side, and the both sides of the material table are corresponding
Fixation kit provided with fixed workpiece, the bottom of the material table are provided with the lifting assembly for controlling it to move up and down；
The charge mechanism includes charging carriage, and cushion block is arranged with the charging carriage, and the cushion block is provided with fixed
Position plate, is provided with locating piece at the bottom centre of the filling place；
The track includes pedestal and slide rail, and the slide rail is arranged on pedestal, and the lamination stacking machine is corresponded on the pedestal
Device robot mechanism opening position is provided with positioning component, and the positioning component realizes charging carriage in cunning by the folding effect to locating piece
Traveling and stopping on rail.
Automatic laminating device of the present invention, wherein the fixation kit includes the fixed seat being arranged on base, the fixation
The both ends of seat are respectively equipped with bolt, and one end of the bolt is provided with the regulating block abutted with side surface of workpiece, is arranged on the bolt
There are some limited blocks.
Automatic laminating device of the present invention, wherein the top of the regulating block is provided with fibre optical sensor.
Automatic laminating device of the present invention, wherein the lifting assembly includes the oil at the material table lower central
Cylinder, the top of the oil cylinder are provided with contiguous block, and the contiguous block is fixed with base, and the both sides of the oil cylinder are respectively equipped with positioned at institute
The support base and slide of material table bottom are stated, the support base is fixed with material table, and the slide is fixed with ground, the support
The lower end of seat is fixed with the sliding block being adapted to slide.
Automatic laminating device of the present invention, wherein also including hydraulic mechanism, the hydraulic mechanism is used to drive the oil cylinder.This
Invention automatic laminating device, wherein the positioning component includes being oppositely arranged on block and clamping element, the bottom of the block is set
There is the positioning cylinder of its lifting of control, the bottom of the clamping element is provided with the clamping cylinder for controlling its lifting.
Automatic laminating device of the present invention, wherein also including controlling organization, the fibre optical sensor is connected with controlling organization, institute
Controlling organization is stated to be connected with closed assembly robot mechanism, hydraulic mechanism, positioning cylinder and the clamping cylinder respectively.
Automatic laminating device of the present invention, wherein the lamination stacking machine device robot mechanism includes robot base, rotates horizontally component
And mechanical arm, on the ground, the mechanical arm is by rotating horizontally component and robot bottom for the robot base installation
Seat connection, the end of the mechanical arm are provided with gripping apparatus, and the gripping apparatus includes a row or multi-row sucker suction part.
Automatic laminating device of the present invention, wherein also including protection network, the protection network is arranged on the outer of the feed bin mechanism
Compared with prior art, advantage for present invention and have the beneficial effect that：
Feed bin mechanism of the present invention be used for deposit for lamination assembling call silicon steel sheet, charge mechanism in orbit traveling to
The lamination station of closed assembly robot mechanism position correspondence, closed assembly robot draw a number of silicon in corresponding feed bin mechanism every time
Steel disc, silicon steel sheet stack is placed on charge mechanism, and carried out the silicon steel sheet overlayed thereon position neatly by charge mechanism,
Worker will install complete charge mechanism to silicon steel sheet stack and remove, and next charge mechanism is moved into lamination station, with the company of realization
Continuous lamination operation, improves processing efficiency, and can cover the processing dimension and model of wider assembly, intelligence degree
It is high.
Fibre optical sensor is set in feed bin mechanism of the present invention, can in real-time perception feed bin mechanism workpiece storage state,
Make often to take certain workpiece on material table away, it lifts a segment distance in the presence of lifting assembly, until the work on material table
Part, which is drawn, to be finished, and can control closed assembly robot mechanism, only when fibre optical sensor perceives workpiece, closed assembly robot
Mechanism carries out the absorption to workpiece, realizes automatic overlapping and assembling, improves processing efficiency.
The present invention carries out arrangement alignment by location-plate to the silicon steel sheet stacked, and it is good to stack effect, it is not necessary to which worker uses
Aid progress is floating, directly settles at one go, improves operating efficiency, mitigates working strength.
The present invention makes it that charging carriage be fixed, avoids closed assembly robot by being provided with positioning component in orbit
Mechanism stack the phenomenon that fashionable dress trolley slides in orbit in the workpiece to absorption, improves closed assembly effect, it is not necessary to people
For charging carriage is fixed, reduce labor intensity.
The automatic laminating device of the present invention is described further below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of automatic laminating device of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is the amplification assumption diagram of A in Fig. 1；
Fig. 3 is the installation diagram of lifting assembly and material table；
Fig. 4 is that charge mechanism fixes sectional view in orbit in automatic laminating device of the present invention；
Fig. 5 is that charge mechanism fixes side view in orbit in automatic laminating device of the present invention；
Fig. 6 is the structure chart that charge mechanism is walked in orbit in automatic laminating device of the present invention；
Wherein：1st, ground；2nd, track；3rd, charge mechanism；4th, feed bin mechanism；5th, closed assembly robot mechanism；6th, controlling organization；
7th, protection network；8th, hydraulic mechanism；
201st, pedestal；202nd, slide rail；203rd, block；204th, positioning cylinder；205th, clamping element；206th, clamping cylinder；
301st, wheel；302nd, filling place；303rd, cushion block；304th, keeper；305th, locating piece；
401st, base；402nd, fixed seat；403rd, limited block；404th, regulating block；405th, material table；406th, contiguous block；407、
Oil cylinder；408th, support base；409th, sliding block；410th, slide；
501st, robot base；502nd, component is rotated horizontally；503rd, mechanical arm；504th, sucker suction part.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of automatic laminating device of the present invention, including feed bin mechanism 4 on ground 1, lamination stacking machine
Device robot mechanism 5, charge mechanism 3, track 2 and hydraulic mechanism 8, closed assembly robot mechanism 5 and the position correspondence of feed bin mechanism 4, feed bin
Mechanism 4 is located at the both sides of track 2, and charge mechanism 3 is advanced on track 2.
Feed bin mechanism 4 is used to deposit the silicon steel sheet called for lamination assembling, and the feed bin mechanism 4 of the both sides of track 2 corresponds to respectively
Different size, the silicon steel sheet of structure are placed with, the feed bin mechanism 4 per side is correspondingly arranged on closed assembly robot mechanism 5 respectively, feeds
Mechanism 3 is travelled on track 2 to the lamination station with the position correspondence of closed assembly robot mechanism 5, closed assembly robot mechanism 5 inhales every time
A number of silicon steel sheet in corresponding feed bin mechanism 4 is taken, silicon steel sheet stack is placed on charge mechanism 3, and will by charge mechanism 3
The silicon steel sheet overlayed thereon position neatly, and worker removes complete charge mechanism 3 is installed to silicon steel sheet stack, and will be next
Individual charge mechanism 3 moves to lamination station, to realize continuous lamination operation.
Hydraulic mechanism 8 is used for the lifting for driving charge mechanism 3.
Specifically, as shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, feed bin mechanism 4 includes base 401 and multigroup thing on base 401 side by side
Expect platform 405, the both sides of material table 405 are correspondingly provided with the fixation kit of fixed workpiece, and the bottom of material table 405 is provided with control thereon
The lifting assembly of lower motion.
Fixation kit includes the fixed seat 402 being arranged on base 401, and the both ends of fixed seat 402 are respectively equipped with bolt, spiral shell
One end of bolt is provided with the regulating block 404 abutted with side surface of workpiece, and some limited blocks 403 are arranged with bolt.In practical operation,
Need to carry out closed assembly to the silicon steel sheet of different specification size, by regulating block 404 relative to the regulation of side surface of workpiece position with
And the number of corresponding increase and decrease limited block 403, it is applied widely to realize the fixation to different specification size silicon steel sheet.
Lifting assembly includes the oil cylinder 407 at the lower central of material table 405, and the top of oil cylinder 407 is provided with contiguous block
406, contiguous block 406 is fixed with base 401, and the both sides of oil cylinder 407 are respectively equipped with the support base 408 positioned at the bottom of material table 405
With slide 410, support base 408 is fixed with material table 405, and slide 410 is fixed with ground 1, the lower end of support base 408 be fixed with
The sliding block 409 that slide 410 is adapted to.The drive cylinder 407 of hydraulic mechanism 8 makes it while being jacked to material table 405, sliding block
409 slide relative to slide 410, with the lifting of control material platform 405.
As shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, charge mechanism 3 includes charging carriage, and cushion block 303 is arranged with charging carriage, pad
Block 303 is provided with location-plate, and locating piece 305 is provided with the bottom centre of filling place 302.Track 2 includes pedestal 201 and slide rail
202, slide rail 202 is arranged on pedestal 201, and the opening position of closed assembly robot mechanism 5 is corresponded on pedestal 201 and is provided with positioning component, fixed
Hyte part realizes traveling and stopping of the charging carriage on slide rail 202 by the folding effect to locating piece 305.Worker will feed
Dolly is placed on slide rail 202, and charging carriage is pushed at positioning component, and charging carriage is solid to it by positioning component
It is fixed, make closed assembly robot mechanism 5 that the silicon steel sheet of absorption is placed on charging carriage, and by location-plate to the silicon steel sheet that stacks
Arrangement alignment is carried out, it is good to stack effect, it is not necessary to which worker is floating using aid progress, directly settles at one go, improves work
Efficiency, mitigate working strength.
Wherein, positioning component includes being oppositely arranged on block 203 and clamping element 205, and the bottom of block 203, which is provided with, controls it
The positioning cylinder 204 of lifting, the bottom of clamping element 205 is provided with the clamping cylinder 206 for controlling its lifting, when charging carriage is in slide rail
Run on 202, when locating piece 305 contacts with block 203, positioning cylinder 204 drives block 203 to rise, and clamping cylinder 206 drives
Clamping element 205 rises, and block 203 is realized that the clamping to locating piece 305 is consolidated to the collective effect of locating piece 305 with clamping element 205
It is fixed, and then charging carriage is fixed on slide rail 202, after charging carriage is filled, positioning cylinder 204 drives block 203 to decline,
Clamping cylinder 206 drives clamping element 205 to decline, and makes block 203 and clamping element 205 eliminates respectively and the active force of locating piece 305,
And then charging carriage is advanced on slide rail 202, charging carriage is pushed out slide rail 202 by worker, and will charging using driving
Dolly is lifted into specified location.
The present invention makes it that charging carriage be fixed, avoids closed assembly robot by being provided with positioning component on track 2
Mechanism 5 carries out stacking the phenomenon slided on the in-orbit road 2 of fashionable dress trolley in the workpiece to absorption, improves closed assembly effect, it is not necessary to
Artificially charging carriage is fixed, reduced labor intensity.
In addition, in embodiments of the invention, the section of slide rail 202 is I-shaped, the wheel 301 and slide rail of charging carriage
202 clampings, charging carriage is avoided the phenomenon derailed operationally occur.
As shown in Fig. 2 closed assembly robot mechanism 5 includes robot base 501, rotates horizontally component 502 and mechanical arm
503, robot base 501 is arranged on ground 1, and mechanical arm 503 is by rotating horizontally component 502 and robot base 501
Connection, the end of mechanical arm 503 are provided with gripping apparatus, and gripping apparatus includes a row or multi-row sucker suction part 504, it is preferable that multiple rows of suction
The Central Symmetry of the relative gripping apparatus of disk adsorption piece 504, and relative position is adjustable.Closed assembly robot mechanism 5 at work, passes through machinery
Arm 503 realizes the control for drawing distance, realizes the absorption to silicon steel sheet by the sucker suction part 504 on gripping apparatus, passes through water
Flat rotary components 502 realize 360 degree in horizontal direction of rotation, and then closed assembly robot mechanism 5 will be placed on material table 405
On silicon steel sheet draw and stack to charging carriage, be achieved in overall automatically to the closed assembly process of silicon steel sheet, operating efficiency
Height, reduce labor strength.
In one embodiment of the present of invention, in addition to controlling organization 6, the top of regulating block 404 are provided with fibre optical sensor,
Fibre optical sensor is connected with controlling organization 6, controlling organization 6 respectively with closed assembly robot mechanism 5, hydraulic mechanism 8, positioning cylinder
204 and clamping cylinder 206 connect, wherein, fibre optical sensor be used for sense workpiece on material table 405, be provided with controlling organization 6
PLC control system, the signal sent for reception optical fiber sensor, and the signal of reception is transferred to closed assembly robot respectively
Mechanism 5, hydraulic mechanism 8, positioning cylinder 204 and clamping cylinder 206, to control closed assembly robot mechanism 5 to draw workpiece, dress respectively
The lifting of fixation and feed bin mechanism 4 of the trolley on track 2.
The present invention by setting fibre optical sensor, can on real-time perception material table 405 workpiece storage state, make material
Often take certain workpiece on platform 405 away, it lifts a segment distance in the presence of oil cylinder 407, until the workpiece on material table 405
It is drawn and finishes.
With reference to said structure and controlling organization 6, specific work process of the invention is：First, worker is by material dolly
Push at positioning component, and material dolly is fixed on track 2 by positioning component, then, the workpiece for treating closed assembly is put
Put on material table 405, when the stroke of oil cylinder 407 is zero, is now the full state of material of feed bin mechanism 4, that is, passes through worker couple
Feed bin mechanism 4 carries out feed supplement, until fibre optical sensor can sense the workpiece of top on each material table 405, optical fiber passes
The signal for sensing workpiece is transferred to PLC control system by sensor, and the signal of reception is transferred to closed assembly machine by PLC control system
Robot mechanism 5, make closed assembly robot mechanism 5 implement to draw work, and the workpiece of absorption is overlayed on material dolly, while material
Dolly carries out arrangement alignment by location-plate thereon to the workpiece piece stacked, when closed assembly robot mechanism 5 draws one layer of workpiece
Afterwards, the total height of workpiece can be less than the position that can sense of fibre optical sensor on material table 405, i.e., fibre optical sensor sense less than
Workpiece, now, fibre optical sensor transmit a signal to PLC control system again, and PLC control system transmits a signal to closed assembly respectively
Robot mechanism 5, make it stop drawing work, and hydraulic mechanism 8, its drive cylinder 407 is increased, so that workpiece rises to light
The position that fiber sensor can sense, and above-mentioned action is repeated, until the workpiece on material table 405 is drawn and finished, finally, lead to
Cross PLC control system drives positioning cylinder 204 to decline with clamping cylinder 206 respectively, block 203 is disappeared respectively with clamping element 205
Except the active force with locating piece 305, and then make worker that the material dolly filled is pushed into errant 2, and will charging using driving
Dolly is lifted into specified location, and thus one group of circulation is completed.
Specifically, when fibre optical sensor is sensed less than workpiece within the time of setting, work is prompted by PLC control system
Without material, i.e., feed bin mechanism 4, which is in, lacks material state, now, PLC control system operation suspension for people's feed bin mechanism 4.Worker presses feed supplement
Button, hydraulic mechanism 8 is controlled by PLC control system, oil cylinder 407 is dropped to initial position, and add to feed bin mechanism 4
In one embodiment of the present of invention, in addition to protection network 7, protection network 7 are arranged on the outside of feed bin mechanism 4.
Embodiment described above is only that the preferred embodiment of the present invention is described, not to the model of the present invention
Enclose and be defined, on the premise of design spirit of the present invention is not departed from, technical side of the those of ordinary skill in the art to the present invention
The various modifications and improvement that case is made, it all should fall into the protection domain of claims of the present invention determination.